Read by QxMD icon Read


Jing Gao, Lei Zhang, Xin Zhang, Shi-Long Zhao, Sheng-Yun Liu, Li-Hua Xing
The severity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with pulmonary bacterial infection varies widely. We investigated the significance of procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in evaluating the severity of pulmonary infection in SLE patients. This retrospective study contained a total of 117 patients (107 women and 10 men) with SLE from January 2010 to June 2011. Serum levels of PCT and CRP were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The severity of pulmonary bacterial infection (PBI) was evaluated using the pneumonia severity index (PSI)...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Mariane Curado Borges, Fabiana de Miranda Moura Dos Santos, Rosa Weiss Telles, Marcus Vinícius Melo de Andrade, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia, Cristina Costa Duarte Lanna
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that omega-3 fatty acids reduce the concentrations of eicosanoids, cytokines, chemokines, C-reactive protein (CRP) and other inflammatory mediators. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on circulating levels of inflammatory mediators and biochemical markers in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Experimental clinical study (clinical trial: NCT02524795); 49 women with SLE (ACR1982/1997) were randomized: 22 to the omega-3 group (daily intake of 1080mg EPA+200mg DHA, for 12 weeks) and 27 to the control group...
September 22, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Fabio E Ospina, Alex Echeverri, Diana Zambrano, Juan-Pablo Suso, Javier Martínez-Blanco, Carlos A Cañas, Gabriel J Tobón
SLE is a chronic autoimmune disease involving multiple systems. Patients with SLE are highly susceptible to infections due to the combined effects of their immunosuppressive therapy and the abnormalities of the immune system that the disease itself causes, which can increase mortality in these patients. The differentiation of SLE activity and infection in a febrile patient with SLE is extremely difficult. Activity indexes are useful to identify patients with lupus flares but some clinical and biological abnormalities may, however, make it difficult to differentiate flares from infection...
October 15, 2016: Rheumatology
Basant M Elnady, Ayman Saeed Mohamed Abdelghafar, El Shazly Abdul Khalik, Mohammed Mesfer Algethami, A S Basiony, Mona Dhaif Allah Al-Otaibi, Maram Eidhah Al-Otaibi
OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can present limitations to exercise capacity and quality of life (QoL) because of various clinical conditions, such as pulmonary disease or heart disease. Tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) offers the promise of an objective measurement to quantify regional and global ventricular function through the assessment of myocardial velocity data. This study aimed to assess the intensity of left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction in SLE patients by means of TDE and cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) testing to determine their impact on QoL...
September 2016: Eur J Rheumatol
Barna Vasarhelyi, Gergely Toldi, Attila Balog
The assessment of the general inflammatory condition of patients with autoimmune connective tissue disorders (ACTD) is a major challenge. The use of traditional inflammatory markers including CRP-levels and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is limited by several preanalytical factors and their low specificities. Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is one of the novel candidate markers that is increasingly used in immune mediated disorders. In our studies we compared suPAR levels of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc) and ankylosing spondylitis with those of healthy controls...
April 2016: EJIFCC
V Umare, A Nadkarni, M Nadkar, A Rajadhyksha, P Khadilkar, K Ghosh, V D Pradhan
INTRODUCTION: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease where an interplay between acute phase proteins and cytokines are involved in disease activation. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This case control study was performed to investigate interrelationship between high sensitivity C-reactive proteins (hs-CRP), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and disease activity among SLE patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred forty one clinically diagnosed SLE cases were included and disease activity was noted by SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI)...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Salony Mittal, Preeti Agarwal, Anupam Wakhlu, Ashutosh Kumar, Raj Mehrotra, Saumya Mittal
INTRODUCTION: Haematological alterations such as anaemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia are frequent in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Ferritin being an acute phase reactant can be falsely elevated in lupus cases. AIM: To evaluate the haematological alterations and to re-categorise the types of anemia by soluble transferrin receptor levels in diagnosed cases of SLE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 30 newly diagnosed ANA positive SLE patients was taken...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
S V Shevchuk, L P Denyschych
The article presents data on levels of osteocalcin and pyridinoline in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), their comparison with structural and functional state of bone tissue and course of the disease. Bone metabolism derangements were found in 65.8% of women with SLE. Herewith, the increase of pyridinoline content was observed in 43.9% of patients, the reduction of osteocalcinin 39% of individuals. The deterioration of bone metabolism was associated with the severity of the disease, especially high levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) (r = 0...
October 2015: Likars'ka Sprava
A Dima, D Opris, C Jurcut, C Baicus
The inflammatory response during systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) flares is known to be atypical, characterized by a disproportionately lower C-reactive protein (CRP) elevation when compared with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Thus, in these patients, the analysis of inflammatory markers might be challenging in daily clinical practice. Clinicians need frequently to distinguish lupus reactivations and infectious conditions, and the significance of ESR and CRP seems to be different. Even though a non-specific marker of inflammation, ESR utility in SLE should not be neglected and it appears to be a useful biomarker for SLE activity assessment...
October 2016: Lupus
Jae Il Shin, Se Jin Park, Chang-Hee Suh, Geum Hwa Lee, Min Woo Hur, Song Yi Han, Dong Soo Kim, Ji Hong Kim
The aim of this study was to determine whether decreased serum sodium concentration could be associated with the disease activity in SLE. We retrospectively analyzed the data of the two independent cohorts of children and adults with SLE in two centers. Hyponatremia was associated with serum chloride (p = 0.004), albumin (p = 0.002) and SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) (p = 0.026) in children with SLE. Serum sodium levels were correlated negatively with ESR (p =0.001) and positively with serum albumin levels (p < 0...
2016: Scientific Reports
L Garabet, I-M Gilboe, M-C Mowinckel, A F Jacobsen, T E Mollnes, P M Sandset, E-M Jacobsen
Complement activation and low complement levels are common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are found in about 30-40% of patients with SLE. This study aimed to investigate the association between aPL and complement levels in patients with SLE. Serum samples were collected from 269 patients with SLE enrolled in the Norwegian Systemic Connective Tissue and Vasculitis Registry (NOSVAR) during 2003-2009, and from 353 controls. All samples were analysed for anti-β2 glycoprotein 1 (anti-β2GP1) and anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL), C-reactive protein (CRP) and complement components C3 and C4...
August 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Kai-Peng Huang, Zhi-Hao Zhang, Rui-Ming Li, Xiao Chen
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that leads to severe multiorgan damage. Lang Chuang Fang (LCF) is a Chinese herbal medicine that is clinically prescribed for treating SLE. In this study, we examined the therapeutic effects of LCF granule on lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice. Female mice were randomly separated into six groups, and LCF treatment groups received LCF granule at the dosage of 0.97 g/kg/d, 1.95 g/kg/d, and 3.90 g/kg/d, respectively. Here, we found that, compared to the MRL/lpr mice, both the spleen coefficient and thymus coefficient were reduced in the LCF granule-treated mice...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
O Vera-Lastra, S Méndez-Flores, M P Cruz-Dominguez, G Medina, E Calderón-Aranda, L J Jara
BACKGROUND: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), not fully explained by the conventional risk factors. These patients have endothelial dysfunction (ED) as an early process of atherosclerosis, which can be reversed with therapy. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of ezetimibe plus pravastatin on endothelial function in patients with SLE after 12 months of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An open study, before and after, which assessed the effect of ezetimibe plus pravastatin treatment, was performed...
June 2016: Lupus
Xiao-Ge Sun, Jin-Hui Tao, Nan Xiang, Xiao-Mei Li, Guo-Sheng Wang, Xuan Fang, Chao Dai, Min Zhang, Zhu Chen, Xiang-Pei Li
To analyze the relationship between miR-326 and Ets-1 mRNA levels in Treg cells and clinical manifestations in patients with SLE and explore the role of miR-326 and Ets-1 in the pathogenesis and activity of SLE. Twenty-five new-onset SLE patients without treatment, twenty-eight inactive SLE patients (SLEDA ≤ 4) and twenty-two healthy controls were included in the present study. Clinical data of SLE patients were recorded. Treg cells were purified by MACS from 20 ml peripheral blood, in which the quantity of miR-326 and Ets-1 mRNA were assessed by real-time PCR...
April 2016: Inflammation
Amirhossein Sahebkar, Jana Rathouska, Giuseppe Derosa, Pamela Maffioli, Petr Nachtigal
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Efficacy and safety of statin therapy in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate whether statin therapy affects SLE disease activity and systemic inflammation (C-reactive protein, CRP) according to the evidence from controlled clinical trials. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: A systematic review followed by a bibliographic search in Medline and SCOPUS (up to March 2015) was performed...
April 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
Satu Sinikka Pesickova, Romana Rysava, Martin Lenicek, Libor Vitek, Eliska Potlukova, Zdenka Hruskova, Eva Jancova, Eva Honsova, Jakub Zavada, Marten Trendelenburg, Vladimir Tesar
BACKGROUND: Autoantibodies against monomeric C-reactive protein (anti-CRP-Ab) observed in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and lupus nephritis (LN) were suggested to be associated with active LN and a poor response to therapy during short-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to confirm this finding and to investigate the prognostic value of anti-CRP-Ab in patients with LN during long-term follow-up. METHODS: Sera of 57 SLE patients (47 women, 10 men) with biopsy proven LN and 122 healthy individuals were analyzed for the presence of anti-CRP-Ab by in-house ELISA...
2015: Arthritis Research & Therapy
C P Chung, M J Ormseth, M A Connelly, A Oeser, J F Solus, J D Otvos, P Raggi, C M Stein
BACKGROUND: GlycA is a novel marker of systemic inflammation detected by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In the general population, GlycA is correlated with inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and associated with coronary heart disease and diabetes. The utility of GlycA in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has not been defined. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that GlycA concentrations are elevated in patients with SLE and associated with other markers of inflammation and coronary atherosclerosis...
March 2016: Lupus
Xiufang Kong, Ying Sun, Lili Ma, Huiyong Chen, Lei Wei, Wanlong Wu, Zongfei Ji, Lingying Ma, Zhuojun Zhang, Zhigang Zhang, Zhonghua Zhao, Jun Hou, Shengming Dai, Chengde Yang, Lindi Jiang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate T cell subsets and immune cytokine profiles in untreated Takayasu arteritis (TAK) patients and the underlying immunopathological mechanism. METHODS: We enrolled 50 untreated TAK patients and 40 age-matched controls (20 healthy controls, 20 untreated SLE patients). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were used to define cytokine profiles in all patients, and flow cytometry was performed for 9 TAK patients and 12 healthy controls...
May 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Daniele Machado, Roseli O S Sarni, Thaís T O Abad, Simone G L Silva, Eugênia J B Khazaal, Sonia Hix, Milena S G Correia, Fabíola I Suano-Souza, Claudio A Len, Maria Teresa R A Terreri
The aim of the study was to describe biomarkers of lipid metabolism associated with increased cardiovascular risk and their correlation with disease variables and markers of inflammation in adolescent females with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This cross-sectional controlled study evaluated 33 adolescent females with juvenile SLE and 33 healthy controls. Anthropometric data, SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI), medications, proteinuria, ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP), lipid profile (total cholesterol, LDL-c, HDL-c and triglycerides), apolipoproteins A and B (Apo A-I and B), paraoxonase, and myeloperoxidase were evaluated...
November 16, 2015: Rheumatology International
Kayo Nakamura, Noriko Nakatsuka, Masatoshi Jinnin, Takamitsu Makino, Ikko Kajihara, Katsunari Makino, Noritoshi Honda, Kuniko Inoue, Satoshi Fukushima, Hironobu Ihn
Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (Flt-3) is a cytokine receptor expressed on the surface of bone-marrow progenitor of hematopoietic cells. Flt-3 ligands are produced by peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and found in various human body fluids. Flt-3 signal is involved in the regulation of vessel formation as well as B cell differentiation, suggesting that Flt-3 signal contributes to the pathogenesis of vascular abnormalities and immune dysregulation in rheumatic diseases. The aim of the present study is to examine serum Flt-3 ligand levels in patients with various rheumatic diseases, and to evaluate the possibility that serum Flt-3 ligand levels can be a useful disease marker...
October 2015: Bioscience Trends
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"