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Pudendal neuralgia

Sira Carrasco García de León, José Manuel Flores Barragán, Natalia Villasanti Rivas
Sacrococcygeal chordoma is a malignant tumour originating from remnants of the notochord. Chordomas are slow-growing tumours whose symptoms develop insidiously. We present the case of a 72-year-old woman with a 6-month history of genital pain radiating to the perianal area and exacerbating when she was in a sitting position. MRI and PET studies revealed a large mass in the sacrococcygeal region causing bone destruction and invasion of neurovascular structures. The immunohistochemical study of the surgical specimen determined it to be chordoma...
May 2016: Case Reports in Neurology
Vibhor Wadhwa, Aws S Hamid, Yogesh Kumar, Kelly M Scott, Avneesh Chhabra
Pudendal neuralgia is being increasingly recognized as a cause of chronic pelvic pain, which may be related to nerve injury or entrapment. Due to its complex anatomy and branching patterns, the pudendal nerve abnormalities are challenging to illustrate. High resolution 3 T magnetic resonance neurography is a promising technique for the evaluation of peripheral neuropathies. In this article, the authors discuss the normal pudendal nerve anatomy and its variations, technical considerations of pudendal nerve imaging, and highlight the normal and abnormal appearances of the pudendal nerve and its branches with illustrative case examples...
September 23, 2016: Acta Radiologica
James E Leone, Steve Middleton
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the case of a 49-year-old man who presented to the sports medicine staff with pelvic pain of 10 years' duration consistent with pudendal neuralgia. BACKGROUND: Testicular pain in men is often provoked by direct trauma or may indicate an oncologic process. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS: Epididymitis, athletic pubalgia, testicular tumor, sacroiliac joint dysfunction, lumbar radiculopathy. TREATMENT: The patient responded positively to treatment and rehabilitation to restore normal mechanics to the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex...
August 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Jae Wook Lee, Sung-Moon Lee, Dong Gyu Lee
Pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome is an unusual cause of chronic pelvic pain. We experienced a case of pudendal neuralgia associated with a ganglion cyst. A 60-year-old male patient with a tingling sensation and burning pain in the right buttock and perineal area visited our outpatient rehabilitation center. Pelvis magnetic resonance imaging showed the presence of multiple ganglion cysts around the right ischial spine and sacrospinous ligament, and the pudendal nerve and vessel bundle were located between the ischial spine and ganglion cyst at the entrance of Alcock's canal...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
J J Labat, T Riant, A Lassaux, B Rioult, B Rabischong, M Khalfallah, C Volteau, A-M Leroi, S Ploteau
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of corticosteroids combined with local anaesthetic versus local anaesthetic alone during infiltrations of the pudendal nerve for pudendal nerve entrapment. DESIGN: Randomised, double-blind, controlled trial. SETTING: Multicentre study. POPULATION: 201 patients were included in the study, with a subgroup of 122 women. METHODS: CT-guided pudendal nerve infiltrations were performed in the sacrospinous ligament and Alcock's canal...
July 27, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Georgina Louise Armstrong, Thierry Georges Vancaillie
A variety of neuromodulation approaches have been described for the management of pelvic neuropathies, including interstitial cystitis, pudendal neuralgia and persistent genital arousal disorder. The benefits of a combined sacral and pudendal nerve neuromodulator has yet to be explored for these patients. In this report, we describe the case of a 35-year-old woman with a complex pelvic neuropathy resulting in urinary, sexual and gastro-intestinal dysfunction. She presented with an established diagnosis of interstitial cystitis; however, she also fulfilled diagnostic criteria for pudendal neuralgia and persistent genital arousal disorder...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Eyup Burak Sancak, Egemen Avci, Tibet Erdogru
Persistent pain after vaginal mesh surgery is a rare and agonizing entity that has devastating consequences for the patient's quality of life. Many etiologies have been blamed including nerve injuries and entrapments. Pudendal neuralgia is a rare chronic neuropathic pain syndrome in the anatomical territory of the pudendal nerve. Various treatment options, such as medication management, physiotherapy, nerve blocks, decompression surgery and neuromodulation, have been used, but the most appropriate treatment for pudendal neuralgia has not yet been determined...
September 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Stanley Antolak, Christopher Antolak, Lisa Lendway
BACKGROUND: Pudendal neuropathy is a tunnel syndrome characterized by pelvic pain and may include bowel, bladder, or sexual dysfunction or a combination of these. One treatment method, pudendal nerve perineural injections (PNPIs), uses infiltration of bupivacaine and corticosteroid around the nerve to provide symptom relief. Bupivacaine also anesthetizes the skin in the receptive field of the nerve that is injected. Bupivacaine offers rapid pain relief for several hours while corticosteroid provides delayed pain control often lasting 3 to 5 weeks...
May 2016: Pain Physician
Stephanie Ploteau, Claire Cardaillac, Marie-Aimee Perrouin-Verbe, Thibault Riant, Jean-Jacques Labat
Pudendal neuralgia is a chronic neuropathic pelvic pain that is often misdiagnosed and inappropriately treated. The Nantes criteria provide a basis for the diagnosis of pudendal neuralgia due to pudendal nerve entrapment. The 5 essential diagnostic criteria are pain situated in the anatomical territory of the pudendal nerve, worsened by sitting, the patient is not woken at night by the pain, and no objective sensory loss is detected on clinical examination. The fifth criterion is a positive pudendal nerve block...
March 2016: Pain Physician
Waxweiler Charlotte, Dobos Sebastian, Thill Viviane, Bruyninx Luc
AIMS: Pudendal neuralgia is the clinical expression of a chronic compression of the pudendal nerve. The diagnosis is based on a set of five criteria, called Nantes criteria. Four of the criteria are clinical and the last requires evaluation of the anesthetic response to CT-guided infiltration of the pudendal nerve. The aim of our study is to evaluate the relevance of anesthetic test response to select patients for surgery, and whether this criterion can be used to predict its success...
March 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
D Ozkan, T Akkaya, S Yildiz, A Comert
Chronic pelvic pain is a condition that can be caused by pudendal neuralgia, interstitial cystitis, piriformis syndrome and neuropathy of the ilioinguinal, iliohypogastric and genitofemoral nerves. Based on three case reports this article discusses the clinical effectiveness of pulsed high-frequency radiofrequency (PRF) treatment applied to the pudendal nerve under ultrasound guidance in medicinally treated patients with chronic pelvic pain.
February 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Myong-Joo Hong, Yeon-Dong Kim, Jeong-Ki Park, Hyon-Joo Hong
Pudendal neuralgia is characterized by chronic pain or discomfort in the area innervated by the pudendal nerve, with no obvious cause. A successful pudendal nerve block is crucial for the diagnosis of pudendal neuralgia. Blind or fluoroscopy-guided pudendal nerve blocks have been conventionally used for diagnosis and treatment; however, ultrasound-guided pudendal nerve blocks were also reported recently. With regard to the achievement of long-term effects, although pulsed radiofrequency performed under fluoroscopic guidance has been reported, that performed under ultrasound guidance is not well reported...
April 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Kenneth M Peters, Kim A Killinger, Christopher Jaeger, Charity Chen
OBJECTIVES: Pudendal neuralgia can cause significant voiding and pain symptoms. We explored the effects of chronic pudendal neuromodulation (CPN) and nerve blocks on pain associated with pudendal neuralgia. METHODS: Patients with pudendal neuralgia and tined lead placed at the pudendal nerve were reviewed. History and initial improvement after lead placement were collected from medical records. Demographics, symptom characteristics and changes after various treatments were assessed by mailed survey...
September 2015: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Marc Possover, Axel Forman
BACKGROUND: Some patients have pelvic, pudendal, or low lumbar pain radiating into the legs that is worse while sitting but differs from pudendal neuralgia. The purpose of this study was to present a new clinical entity of neuropathic pelvic pain by pelvic neuro-vascular entrapment. OBJECTIVES: To report about the locations of predilection for pelvic neurovascular entrapment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort pre- and post-intervention. SETTING: University referral unit specializing in advanced gynecological surgery and neuropelveology...
November 2015: Pain Physician
Maxime M van Meegdenburg, Erik Heineman, Paul M A Broens
BACKGROUND: Conscious external anal sphincter contraction is mediated by the pudendal nerve. Pudendal neuropathy is, therefore, believed to result in fecal incontinence. Until urge sensation is experienced, fecal continence is maintained by unconscious external anal sphincter contraction, which is regulated by the anal-external sphincter continence reflex. The innervation of unconscious contraction is yet unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether unconscious contraction is mediated by the pudendal nerve and whether age influences unconscious contraction...
December 2015: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
V Juhan
Chronic pelvic pain is defined as disabling pain of at least six months duration. Chronic pelvic pain has often multiple causative factors. Careful analysis of clinical history and detailed clinical examination must be carried out to guide further imaging investigations. Endometriosis is a common cause of chronic pelvic pain, although there is no correlation between the severity of lesions and pain intensity. Pelvic ultrasonography should be the first line imaging examination to search for causative conditions that include endometriosis, adenomyosis, pelvic varices and chronic infection...
October 2015: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Stefan Weinschenk, Markus W Hollmann, Thomas Strowitzki
PURPOSE: Pudendal nerve injection is used as a diagnostic procedure in the vulvar region and for therapeutic purposes, such as in vulvodynia. Here, we provide a new, easy-to-perform perineal injection technique. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed 105 perineal injections into the pudendal nerve with a local anesthetic (LA), procaine in 20 patients. A 0.4 × 40 mm needle was handled using a stop-and-go technique while monitoring the patient's discomfort. The needle was placed 1-2 cm laterally to the dorsal introitus...
April 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Pedro A Maldonado, Kathleen Chin, Alyson A Garcia, Marlene M Corton
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the anatomic variation of the pudendal nerve in the pelvis, on the dorsal surface of the sacrospinous ligament, and in the pudendal canal. STUDY DESIGN: Detailed dissections of the pudendal nerve were performed in unembalmed female cadavers. Pelvic measurements included the distance from the origin of the pudendal nerve to the tip of ischial spine and the nerve width at its origin. The length of the pudendal canal was measured...
November 2015: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hakan Kocaoğlu, Kerem Başarır, Ramazan Akmeşe, Yasemin Kaya, Muzaffer Sindel, Nurettin Oğuz, Mehmet S Binnet
PURPOSE: To investigate the site of pudendal nerve compression and the relation between traction force and abduction angle regarding pressure levels at setup for hip arthroscopy. METHODS: A total of 17 hips from 9 fresh-frozen cadavers (6 male and 3 female cadavers) were used. The pudendal nerves were dissected, and 3 FlexiForce force sensors (Tekscan, Boston, MA) were implanted on the pudendal nerve where the inferior rectal nerve, perineal nerve, and dorsal nerve of the clitoris/penis emerge...
October 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Denis Rey, Marco Oderda
OBJECTIVE: To report the first case of robotic pudendal nerve (PN) decompression for bilateral PN entrapment (PNE). PN decompression is a safe and effective treatment for PNE and can be accomplished laparoscopically with a better exploration of the sacral roots and of the PN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe in detail all the steps of our surgery, performed on a 38-year-old female patient suffering from PNE. All the anatomic landmarks are clearly shown. RESULTS: Our technique was successful, and the patient's postoperative course was uneventful...
April 2015: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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