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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457468/experiences-of-racism-sexual-objectification-and-alcohol-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-of-colour
#1
Rusty Souleymanov, David J Brennan, Clemon George, Richard Utama, Andre Ceranto
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has shown that experiences of racial discrimination and sexual objectification are associated with health risk behaviours among gay and bisexual men of colour. However, little is known about whether racial discrimination and sexual objectification are associated with alcohol use among this population. This community-based study examined the association between racial discrimination, sexual objectification and alcohol use in a sample of 369 gay and bisexual men of colour (Black/African/Caribbean, Latino/Latin American, South Asian, and East and Southeast Asian) in Toronto...
February 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456025/effectiveness-of-user-and-expert-driven-web-based-hypertension-programs-an-rct
#2
Sam Liu, Dina Brooks, Scott G Thomas, Gunther Eysenbach, Robert P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: The effectiveness of self-guided Internet-based lifestyle counseling (e-counseling) varies, depending on treatment protocol. Two dominant procedures in e-counseling are expert- and user-driven. The influence of these procedures on hypertension management remains unclear. The objective was to assess whether blood pressure improved with expert-driven or user-driven e-counseling over control intervention in patients with hypertension over a 4-month period. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a three-parallel group, double-blind randomized controlled design...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453591/emotional-intelligence-empathy-and-alexithymia-in-anorexia-nervosa-during-adolescence
#3
Victoire Peres, Maurice Corcos, Marion Robin, Alexandra Pham-Scottez
PURPOSE: Socio-emotional difficulties have been observed on adult patients suffering from anorexia nervosa (AN). But researches with adolescents are scarce and non-congruent. The aim of this paper is to identify the socio-emotional difficulties that are encountered by AN during adolescence, and to isolate them from those encountered by control adolescents. METHOD: 41 AN and 38 control adolescents were assessed using the emotional quotient inventory by Bar-On, youth version (EQ-i: YV), the Toronto Alexithymia Questionnaire (TAS-20), the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), and anxiety and depression were controlled using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
February 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452044/food-addiction-is-associated-with-higher-neuroticism-lower-conscientiousness-higher-impulsivity-but-lower-extraversion-in-obese-patient-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery
#4
Paul Brunault, Pierre-Henri Ducluzeau, Robert Courtois, Céline Bourbao-Tournois, Irène Delbachian, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
BACKGROUND: The "food addiction" phenotype identifies a subpopulation of individuals experiencing substance-dependence symptoms toward specific foods. In the current debate on whether the "food addiction" phenotype should be considered as an addictive disorder, assessment of the personality traits associated with this phenotype would provide arguments for or against the "food addiction" phenotype and its inclusion in the "substance-related and addictive disorder" category...
February 16, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440215/does-exposure-to-simulated-patient-cases-improve-accuracy-of-clinicians-predictive-value-estimates-of-diagnostic-test-results-a-within-subjects-experiment-at-st-michael-s-hospital-toronto-canada
#5
Bonnie Armstrong, Julia Spaniol, Nav Persaud
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians often overestimate the probability of a disease given a positive test result (positive predictive value; PPV) and the probability of no disease given a negative test result (negative predictive value; NPV). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether experiencing simulated patient cases (ie, an 'experience format') would promote more accurate PPV and NPV estimates compared with a numerical format. DESIGN: Participants were presented with information about three diagnostic tests for the same fictitious disease and were asked to estimate the PPV and NPV of each test...
February 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439590/adapting-and-pilot-testing-the-healthy-love-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-intervention-with-african-caribbean-and-black-women-in-community-based-settings-in-toronto-canada
#6
Carmen H Logie, Moses Okumu, Shannon Ryan, Dahlak M Yehdego, Nakia Lee-Foon
We adapted the Healthy Love Workshop (HLW), an HIV prevention workshop for African American women in the United States, for African, Caribbean and Black (ACB) women in Toronto, Canada. We conducted a pilot study with ACB women ( n = 80) in ten community-based settings with pre-test (T1), post-test (T2) and three-month follow-up (T3) surveys. Mixed-effect regression results indicated significant increases in condom use self-efficacy and sexually transmitted infection (STI) knowledge scores from T1 to T3...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434417/relationship-between-physical-activity-and-fatigue-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#7
Carly Orava, Jennifer Fitzgerald, Stephen Figliomeni, Danette Lam, Anthony Naccarato, Erika Szego, Karen Yoshida, Pat Fox, Jenna Sykes, Kenneth Wu
Purpose: We examined the relationship between the amount of physical activity and level of fatigue in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). Method: Participants were recruited from the Toronto Adult Cystic Fibrosis Centre at St. Michael's Hospital. Participants completed the Habitual Activity Estimation Scale, the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, and the Depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, in that order. Descriptive statistics and linear and multiple regressions were computed. Results: Over a 6-month period, 51 individuals were approached, and 22 (10 men, 12 women) participated in this study...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434339/epidemiology-and-biomarker-profile-of-pituitary-adenohypophysial-tumors
#8
Ozgur Mete, Amber Cintosun, Irwin Pressman, Sylvia L Asa
Recent studies have reported the prevalence of pituitary tumors to be ~1/1000 population. Many are prolactin-producing tumors that are managed medically, however, the epidemiology of surgically resected pituitary adenohypophysial neuroendocrine tumors has not been reported in a large series with detailed characterization. We reviewed 1055 adenohypophysial tumors from 1169 transsphenoidal resections from the pathology files of University Health Network, Toronto, 2001-2016. Tumors were characterized by immunohistochemical localization of transcription factors (Pit-1, ERα, SF-1, Tpit), hormones (adrenocorticotropin, growth hormone, prolactin, β-thyrotropin, β-folliculotropin, β-luteotropin, α-subunit), and other biomarkers (keratins, Ki67, p27, FGFR4)...
February 12, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428774/affect-labeling-and-other-aspects-of-emotional-experiences-in-relation-to-alexithymia-following-standardized-emotion-inductions
#9
Rachel V Aaron, Matthew A Snodgress, Scott D Blain, Sohee Park
Alexithymia is associated with increased risk for mental and physical health disorders but available assessments rely exclusively on self-report. The major aim of the current study was to develop and implement a performance-based task designed to characterize and quantify the relationship between one's description of emotional experience and self-reported alexithymia. Specifically, we examined performance-based measures of affect labeling of one's own emotions, emotional granularity and dialecticism. Healthy participants (N = 108) completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 Item Questionnaire...
February 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426621/update-on-the-management-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-position-paper-from-the-catalan-society-of-digestology
#10
Jordi Sánchez Delgado, Pilar García-Iglesias, Llúcia Titó, Ignasi Puig, Montse Planella, Emili Gené, Joan Saló, Francesc Martínez-Cerezo, Javier Molina-Infante, Javier P Gisbert, Xavier Calvet
More than 30 years after its discovery, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection remains the most common cause of gastric and duodenal diseases. H. pylori is the leading cause of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric MALT lymphoma and gastric adenocarcinoma. Several consensuses have recently been published on the management of H. pylori infection. The general guidelines of the Spanish consensus, the Toronto Consensus and the Maastricht V Consensus of 2016 are similar but concrete recommendations can vary significantly...
February 6, 2018: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426448/the-toronto-experience-with-the-argus-ii-retinal-prosthesis-new-technology-new-hope-for-patients
#11
Robert G Devenyi, Joshua Manusow, Beatrice E Patino, Mohamed Mongy, Michelle Markowitz, Samuel N Markowitz
Surgical restoration of vision with retinal prostheses is a new and developing technology currently available in a select group of countries, Canada among them. The Argus II retinal prosthesis is the first commercially available device for restoration of vision in patients with Retinitis Pigmentosa or with similar retinal pathology who still have minimal residual native vision. The surgery is complex and requires training however it is within the abilities of any experienced retina surgeon. Surgical experience builds up with each case and in our patients length of surgery constantly went down...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421471/gender-matters-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-and-diabetes-using-bourdieu-s-concepts
#12
Jan E Angus, Craig M Dale, Lisa Seto Nielsen, Marnie Kramer-Kile, Jennifer Lapum, Cheryl Pritlove, Beth Abramson, Jennifer A Price, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh, Alex Clark
BACKGROUND: Habitual practices are challenged by chronic illness. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) involves changes to habits of diet, activity and tobacco use, and although it is effective for people with diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD), some participants are reportedly less likely to complete programs and adopt new health related practices. Within the first three months of enrolling in CR, attrition rates are highest for women and for people with diabetes. Previous studies and reviews indicate that altering habits is very difficult, and the social significance of such change requires further study...
January 6, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419686/the-clinical-efficacy-of-epalrestat-combined-with-%C3%AE-lipoic-acid-in-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Xiaotong Wang, Haixiong Lin, Shuai Xu, Yuanlin Jin, Ren Zhang
BACKGROUND: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a common long-term complication of diabetes mellitus, affecting patients in the world. Epalrestat combined with α-lipoic acid (ALA) is the most frequent combine therapy used in the DPN researches. We aim to assess the effectiveness and safety of epalrestat combined with ALA in patients with DPN, compare with epalrestat alone. METHODS: We will search Cochrane Library, PubMed, Wanfang Data, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP Chinese Science and Technology Journals Database, and Chinese Biomedical Database from inception until October 31th, 2017...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419570/hiv-post-exposure-prophylaxis-in-pocket-pip-for-individuals-with-low-frequency-high-risk-hiv-exposures
#14
Ethan Tumarkin, Amila Heendeniya, Pauline Murphy, Tania Placido, Darrell H S Tan, Isaac I Bogoch
BACKGROUND: On-demand PrEP may reduce one's risk of HIV acquisition, however it is unclear if individuals with a very low frequency of HIV exposures are conferred adequate protection. We evaluated a novel approach dubbed HIV Post-Exposure Prophylaxis-in-Pocket ('PIP'), for individuals with a low frequency of high risk HIV exposures. SETTING: Two HIV clinics in Toronto, Canada, managing HIV prevention cases. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of patients referred to HIV clinics for PrEP between January 1, 2013 and September 30, 2017, inclusive...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416172/gait-analysis-in-patients-with-wide-resection-and-endoprosthesis-replacement-around-the-knee
#15
Vivek Ajit Singh, Chan Wei Heng, Nor Faissal Yasin
Background: Limb salvage surgery with endoprosthesis for bone tumor around the knee is reported to have good functional and oncological outcomes. However, the functional assessment using musculoskeletal tumor society (MSTS) and Toronto extremity scoring system remains subjective. We performed gait analysis as an objective assessment of their functional outcome. Materials and Methods: Gait analysis was performed in 20 patients with endoprosthesis replacement around the knee...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415012/environmental-epidemiology-of-kawasaki-disease-linking-disease-etiology-pathogenesis-and-global-distribution
#16
Cedric Manlhiot, Brigitte Mueller, Sunita O'Shea, Haris Majeed, Bailey Bernknopf, Michael Labelle, Katherine V Westcott, Heming Bai, Nita Chahal, Catherine S Birken, Rae S M Yeung, Brian W McCrindle
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease (KD) is commonly ascribed to an exaggerated immunologic response to an unidentified environmental or infectious trigger in susceptible children. A comprehensive framework linking epidemiological data and global distribution of KD has not yet been proposed. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Patients with KD (n = 81) were enrolled within 6 weeks of diagnosis along with control subjects (n = 87). All completed an extensive epidemiological questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411241/binge-eating-loss-of-control-over-eating-emotional-eating-and-night-eating-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-the-toronto-bari-psych-cohort-study
#17
Yasmin Nasirzadeh, Karin Kantarovich, Susan Wnuk, Allan Okrainec, Stephanie E Cassin, Raed Hawa, Sanjeev Sockalingam
OBJECTIVES: We explored the severity of binge eating, loss of control over eating, emotional eating, and night eating before bariatric surgery and annually for 3 years following surgery. We also assessed the impact of post-operative eating psychopathology on weight outcomes. METHODS: Eight hundred forty-four patients participated in this prospective cohort study. Demographic factors, self-report measures of eating pathology (BES, NEQ, EES, EDE-Q), and weights (kg) were collected pre-surgery and annually for 3 years after surgery...
February 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410142/a-randomized-multi-center-study-assessing-the-educational-impact-of-a-computerized-interactive-hysterectomy-trainer-on-gynecology-residents
#18
Allan S Lichtman, William Parker, Barbara Goff, Neeraj Mehra, Eliane M Shore, Guylaine Lefebvre, Alexander Chiang, John Lenihan, Henk W R Schreuder
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess improvement of cognitive surgical knowledge of laparoscopic hysterectomy in post-graduate year (PGY) 1 and 2 gynecology residents who used an interactive computer-based Laparoscopic Hysterectomy Trainer. DESIGN: Multicenter prospective, randomized, controlled study (Canadian Taskforce Classification I). SETTING: Five Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology: Keck School of Medicine of USC; University of California-Los Angeles; University of Washington; University of British Columbia; University of Toronto...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407662/assessing-rear-end-collision-risk-of-cars-and-heavy-vehicles-on-freeways-using-a-surrogate-safety-measure
#19
Peibo Zhao, Chris Lee
This study analyzes rear-end collision risk of cars and heavy vehicles on freeways using a surrogate safety measure. The crash potential index (CPI) was modified to reflect driver's reaction time and estimated by types of lead and following vehicles (car or heavy vehicle). CPIs were estimated using the individual vehicle trajectory data from a segment of the US-101 freeway in Los Angeles, U.S.A. It was found that the CPI was generally higher for the following heavy vehicle than the following car due to heavy vehicle's lower braking capability...
February 2, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407541/unique-trajectories-of-anxiety-among-chinese-canadian-women-across-the-first-postpartum-year-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#20
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Sarah Brennenstuhl, Susitha Wanigaratne, Hilary K Brown, Sophie Grigoriadis, Flavia C Marini, Simone N Vigod
BACKGROUND: Our objectives were to identify subtypes of Chinese-Canadian women with unique trajectories of anxiety symptomatology over the first postpartum year, investigate covariates associated with group membership, and determine if mental healthcare utilization varies by group membership. METHODS: This was a longitudinal cohort study of 570 Chinese immigrant and Canadian-born women in Toronto, Canada with live births in 2010-2014. Covariates were age, immigrant status, income, fatigue, social support, acculturative stress, and depression...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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