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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538750/major-gaps-in-understanding-and-treatment-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#1
Lauren K Hoffman, Mondana H Ghias, Amit Garg, Iltefat H Hamzavi, Afsaneh Alavi, Michelle A Lowes
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a complex dermatological disease characterized by recurrent painful nodules and suppuration in areas such as the axilla and groin. The disease is poorly understood and treatment is not satisfactory. In October 2016, the Canadian and United States Hidradenitis Suppurativa Foundations organized the inaugural Symposium on Hidradenitis Suppurativa Advances (SHSA) in Toronto, Canada. This meeting brought together experts from Canada, the United States, and Europe to discuss the latest advances in HS...
June 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537758/validation-of-the-empathy-quotient-in-mainland-china
#2
Qing Zhao, David L Neumann, Xiaoyan Cao, Simon Baron-Cohen, Xiang Sun, Yuan Cao, Chao Yan, Yuna Wang, Lin Shao, David H K Shum
This research aimed to validate a simplified Chinese version of the Empathy Quotient (EQ; 60 items) for use with Mainland Chinese people. The original English version of the EQ was translated into simplified Chinese. Through an online survey, 588 Mainland Chinese participants completed the EQ and 3 other questionnaires: the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), and the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). Thirty-five participants completed retesting of the EQ 3 to 4 weeks later...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537084/bringing-menu-labelling-to-independent-restaurants-findings-from-a-voluntary-pilot-project-in-toronto
#3
Tara Brown, Loren Vanderlinden, Anne Birks, Dia Mamatis, Jennifer Levy, Tina Sahay
Toronto Public Health conducted a pilot project to assess the feasibility of menu labelling by independent restaurants. The pilot project was informed by consultations with the industry and other jurisdictions that have implemented a similar initiative. Public Health Dietitians worked closely with these restaurants to help them work toward posting calories and sodium on their menus. This paper reports on the findings of a feasibility assessment that took a mixed-methods approach resulting in a comprehensive process evaluation...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532493/distal-femoral-replacement-with-the-mml-system-a-single-center-experience-with-an-average-follow-up-of-86%C3%A2-months
#4
Andreas Toepfer, Norbert Harrasser, Paul-Ruben Schwarz, Florian Pohlig, Ulrich Lenze, Heinrich M L Mühlhofer, Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Christian Suren
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the functional outcomes and complication rates after distal femoral replacement (DFR) performed with the modular Munich-Luebeck (MML) modular prosthesis (ESKA/Orthodynamics, Luebeck, Germany) in patients being treated for malignant disease or failed total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective review of patient charts and a functional investigation (involving Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Score [MSTS], American Knee Society Score [AKSS], Oxford Knee Score [OKS], Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index [WOMAC], Toronto Extremity Salvage Score [TESS], the 12-Item Short-Form [SF-12] Health Survey, and a failure classification system developed by Henderson et al...
May 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531152/genetic-testing-among-children-in-a-complex-care-program
#5
Krista Oei, Robin Z Hayeems, Wendy J Ungar, Ronald D Cohn, Eyal Cohen
Little is known about the pattern of genetic testing and frequency of genetic diagnoses among children enrolled in structured complex care programs (CCPs). Such information may inform the suitability of emerging genome diagnostics for this population. The objectives were to describe the proportion of children with undiagnosed genetic conditions despite genetic testing and measure the testing period, types and costs of genetic tests used. A retrospective analysis of 420 children enrolled in Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children's CCP from January 2010 until June 2014 was conducted...
May 22, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530464/osteonecrosis-in-sle-prevalence-patterns-outcomes-and-predictors
#6
D D Gladman, N Dhillon, J Su, M B Urowitz
Objective Osteonecrosis is a serious comorbidity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence of symptomatic osteonecrosis, determine the pattern of joint involvement, identify the outcomes and investigate predictive factors in a large cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus followed prospectively. Methods At the Toronto Lupus Clinic patients have been followed prospectively according to a standard protocol since 1970. Osteonecrosis is recorded if patients are symptomatic and is confirmed by imaging...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526051/functional-evaluation-for-patients-with-lower-extremity-sarcoma-application-of-the-chinese-version-of-musculoskeletal-tumor-society-scoring-system
#7
Leilei Xu, Xinhua Li, Zhou Wang, Jin Xiong, Shoufeng Wang
BACKGROUND: The Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scoring system is a disease-specific instrument to determine the physical and mental health for patients with extremity sarcoma. This study aims to investigate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the MSTS, and to evaluate functional outcomes of the surgical treatment of lower extremity sarcoma using the Chinese MSTS. METHODS: A cohort of 98 patients who had undergone surgery for lower extremity sarcoma were included...
May 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525964/an-observational-study-of-suicide-death-in-homeless-and-precariously-housed-people-in-toronto
#8
Mark Sinyor, Nicole Kozloff, Catherine Reis, Ayal Schaffer
OBJECTIVE: Homelessness has been identified as an important risk factor for suicide death, but there is limited research characterising homeless people who die by suicide. The goal of this study is to identify personal, clinical, and suicide method-related factors that distinguish homeless and precariously housed people who die from suicide from those who are not homeless at the time of suicide. METHODS: Coroner records were reviewed for all suicide deaths in Toronto from 1998 to 2012...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522688/polycystic-kidney-disease-without-an-apparent-family-history
#9
Ioan-Andrei Iliuta, Vinusha Kalatharan, Kairong Wang, Emilie Cornec-Le Gall, John Conklin, Marina Pourafkari, Ryan Ting, Chen Chen, Alessia C Borgo, Ning He, Xuewen Song, Christina M Heyer, Sarah R Senum, Young-Hwan Hwang, Andrew D Paterson, Peter C Harris, Korosh Khalili, York Pei
The absence of a positive family history (PFH) in 10%-25% of patients poses a diagnostic challenge for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). In the Toronto Genetic Epidemiology Study of Polycystic Kidney Disease, 210 affected probands underwent renal function testing, abdominal imaging, and comprehensive PKD1 and PKD2 mutation screening. From this cohort, we reviewed all patients with and without an apparent family history, examined their parental medical records, and performed renal imaging in all available parents of unknown disease status...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515269/effect-of-omega-3-supplementation-on-neuropathy-in-type-1-diabetes-a-12-month-pilot-trial
#10
Evan J H Lewis, Bruce A Perkins, Leif E Lovblom, Richard P Bazinet, Thomas M S Wolever, Vera Bril
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that 12 months of seal oil omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA) supplementation will stop the known progression of diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSP) in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: Individuals with T1DM and evidence of DSP as determined by a Toronto Clinical Neuropathy Score ≥1 were recruited to participate in a single-arm, open-label trial of seal oil ω-3 PUFA supplementation (10 mL·d(-1); 750 mg eicosapentaenoic acid, 560 mg docosapentaenoic acid, and 1,020 mg docosahexaenoic acid) for 1 year...
May 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513509/relationship-between-alexithymia-and-chronic-periodontitis
#11
U Sezer, K Üstün, S Z Şenyurt, K Altınbaş, K Erciyas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential relationship between alexithymia and chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study of 222 male and female subjects aged 21-63 years was conducted. The participants were divided into a chronic periodontitis group (n = 114) and a control group (n = 108) with no history of periodontitis. The Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) was used to evaluate alexithymia status of the subjects...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512065/long-term-functional-and-psychosocial-outcomes-after-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-a-case-controlled-comparison-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Meredith Harbinson, Sareh Zarshenas, Nora Cullen
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing rate of survival from Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury (HIBI), there is a paucity of evidence on the long-term functional outcomes after inpatient rehabilitation among these non-traumatic patients compared to patients with Traumatic Brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: To compare functional and psychosocial outcomes of patients with HIBI vs. case-matched patients with TBI 4 to11 years after brain insult. DESIGN: Retrospective, matched case-controlled study...
May 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510578/neurofeedback-as-a-form-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-therapy-following-stroke-a-systematic-review
#13
Tian Renton, Alana Tibbles, Jane Topolovec-Vranic
Neurofeedback therapy (NFT) has been used within a number of populations however it has not been applied or thoroughly examined as a form of cognitive rehabilitation within a stroke population. Objectives for this systematic review included: i) identifying how NFT is utilized to treat cognitive deficits following stroke, ii) examining the strength and quality of evidence to support the use of NFT as a form of cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) and iii) providing recommendations for future investigations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509955/volunteers-experiences-delivering-a-community-university-chronic-disease-health-awareness-program-for-south-asian-older-adults
#14
Polly Ford-Jones, Tamara Daly
Volunteers and voluntary organizations can connect preventative health care programs to communities and may play an important role in addressing the health needs of older adults. Despite this, tensions may exist in the structures that drive volunteers and voluntary organizations representing immigrant communities to provide unpaid labour to augment and supplement health care services. Furthermore, organizational challenges may exist for community agencies relying on volunteers to sustain a health screening and education program...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509261/management-of-fracture-dorso-lumbar-spine-in-a-pregnant-female-by-surgery-in-prone-position
#15
Dhiraj Vithal Sonawane, Pradip S Nemade, Ajay Chandanwale, Eknath Pawar, Sanjay A Jagtap
Surgical management of thoraco-lumbar spine fracture in pregnancy has specific concerns during surgery like positioning, approach, and radiation exposure to fetus. We report a case of burst fracture of 12th thoracic vertebrae with paraplegia in a young female with 26 weeks of gestation. Surgery was performed in prone position on a Toronto frame. This report also discusses the management of thoraco-lumbar spine fracture in pregnancy with review of literature.
May 16, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508696/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-occupational-therapy-publications
#16
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman, Yuh-Shan Ho, Kenneth N K Fong
BACKGROUND: Bibliometrics involves the statistical analysis of the publications in a specific discipline or subject area. A bibliometric analysis of the occupational therapy refereed literature is needed. AIM: A bibliometric analysis was completed of the occupational therapy literature from 1991-2014, indexed in the Science Citation Index-Expanded or the Social Sciences Citation Index. METHOD: Publications were searched by title, abstract, keywords, and KeyWords Plus...
May 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507609/depression-and-alexithymia-on-weight-perception-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes
#17
Maria Cristina de Oliveira Regina, Marcos Antonio Tambascia
BACKGROUND: Obesity's increasing follows decreased perception of weight status in obese persons, mainly female, undergoing age-related changes. OBJECTIVE: To study weight perception and psychological alterations associated to MS and T2DM. METHODS: 200 patients selected from Metabolic Syndrome Outpatient Clinic of University of Campinas. Instruments: Beck Depression and Beck Anxiety Inventories', Toronto Alexithymia Scale-26s, questionnaire and data from reports...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507288/identifying-individuals-with-physician-diagnosed-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-primary-care-electronic-medical-records-a-retrospective-chart-abstraction-study
#18
Theresa M Lee, Karen Tu, Laura L Wing, Andrea S Gershon
Little is known about using electronic medical records to identify patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to improve quality of care. Our objective was to develop electronic medical record algorithms that can accurately identify patients with obstructive pulmonary disease. A retrospective chart abstraction study was conducted on data from the Electronic Medical Record Administrative data Linked Database (EMRALD(®)) housed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences. Abstracted charts provided the reference standard based on available physician-diagnoses, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-specific medications, smoking history and pulmonary function testing...
May 15, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507087/influence-of-environmental-temperature-on-risk-of-gestational-diabetes
#19
Gillian L Booth, Jin Luo, Alison L Park, Denice S Feig, Rahim Moineddin, Joel G Ray
BACKGROUND: Cold-induced thermogenesis is known to improve insulin sensitivity, which may become increasingly relevant in the face of global warming. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between outdoor air temperature and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We identified all births in the Greater Toronto Area from 2002 to 2014 using administrative health databases. Generalized estimating equations were used to examine the relation between the mean 30-day outdoor air temperature before the time of gestational diabetes mellitus screening and the likelihood of diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus based on a validated algorithm using hospital records and physician service claims...
May 15, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505991/lower-extremity-robotic-exoskeleton-training-case-studies-for-complete-spinal-cord-injury-walking
#20
Edward D Lemaire, Andrew J Smith, Andrew Herbert-Copley, Vidya Sreenivasan
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in exoskeleton technology has made lower extremity powered exoskeletons (LEPE) a viable treatment tool to restore upright walking mobility to persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVE: Evaluate ARKE exoskeleton training within a rehabilitation centre environment. METHODS: Case studies are presented for two male participants, age 41 and 30, motor complete SCI at T6 (N01) and T12 (N02), respectively, as they progress from new LEPE users to independent walking...
May 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
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