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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435769/gambling-behavior-among-macau-college-and-university-students
#1
Sut Mei Kam, Irene Lai Kuen Wong, Ernest Moon Tong So, David Kin Cheong Un, Chris Hon Wa Chan
This survey investigated gambling behavior among Chinese students studying in Macau colleges and universities. It also aimed to examine the relationship between problem gambling, affect states and sensation seeking propensity. A convenience sample of 999 students (370 men, 629 women) filled a self-administered questionnaire consisted of the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) (Ferris and Wynne in The Canadian problem gambling index: User manual. Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, Toronto 2001a), the 8-item Brief Sensation Seeking Scale (BSSS-8) (Hoyle et al...
2017: Asian journal of gambling issues and public health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433887/effects-of-clay-art-therapy-on-adults-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Joshua K M Nan, Rainbow T H Ho
BACKGROUND: Depression has become a critical global health problem, affecting millions of people. Cost-effective nonpharmacological treatment in community settings has been proposed to complement medical treatment. Short-term clay art therapy (CAT) is an alternative treatment that promotes the enhancement of various aspects of mental health for depressed individuals. METHODS: One-hundred and six adults with depression were randomized into a CAT group or visual art (VA) control group for six 2...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432646/is-there-a-role-for-ivabradine-in-the-contemporary-management-of-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-in-academic-and-community-heart-failure-clinics-in-canada
#3
Sherryn Roth, Carlos Fernando, Sadia Azeem, Gordon W Moe
INTRODUCTION: In patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction, increased heart rate (HR) is an independent risk factor for adverse outcomes. In systolic HF treatment with the If inhibitor ivabradine trial (SHIFT), Ivabradine improved survival when added to conventional treatment including β-blockers. However, the extent of benefit in the real world is unclear. We examined the characteristics of patients on guideline-directed therapy and determined who had SHIFT-like characteristics...
April 21, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431634/multicenter-observational-study-of-abobotulinumtoxina-neurotoxin-in-cervical-dystonia-the-anchor-cd-registry
#4
Richard M Trosch, Alberto J Espay, Daniel Truong, Ramon Gil, Carlos Singer, Peter A LeWitt, Mark F Lew, Michele Tagliati, Charles H Adler, Jack J Chen, Dominic Marchese, Cynthia L Comella
BACKGROUND: The ANCHOR-CD prospective observational registry study evaluated the effectiveness of abobotulinumtoxinA in adult idiopathic cervical dystonia (CD) in clinical practice. METHODS: Adults with CD were eligible. Treating physicians determined abobotulinumtoxinA dose and treatment interval. The primary endpoint was patient response rate (Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale [TWSTRS] score reduction≥25% and Patient Global Impression of Change [PGIC] score of +2 or +3 at Week 4 of Cycle 1)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429157/scenes-as-micro-cultures-examining-heterogeneity-of-hiv-risk-behavior-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-toronto-canada
#5
Syed W Noor, Barry D Adam, David J Brennan, David A Moskowitz, Sandra Gardner, Trevor A Hart
Using latent class analysis (LCA), we examined patterns of participation in multiple scenes, how sexual risk practices vary by scene, and psychosocial factors associated with these patterns among 470 gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM) recruited from Toronto. We calculated posterior probability of being in a class from participation in nine separate scenes. We used Entropy, the Bayesian information criterion and the Lo-Mendel-Rubin likelihood ratio test to identify the best fit model. Fit indices suggested a four-class solution...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426451/quality-of-care-and-outcomes-among-hospitalized-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#6
Geoffrey C Nguyen, Sanjay K Murthy, Brian Bressler, Mindy C W Lam, Ali Alali, Asmae Toumi, Jason Reinglas, Adam Rampersad, Adam V Weizman, Waqqas Afif
BACKGROUND: Half of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) require hospitalization. We sought to characterize inpatient quality indicators of care and outcomes during IBD-related hospitalizations at 4 major IBD referral centers in Canada. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort study of patients with IBD admitted from 2011 to 2013 to tertiary centers in Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, and Vancouver. We assessed the following inpatient indicators of care: pharmacological venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis, Clostridium difficile testing, and medical rescue therapy for steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis (UC)...
May 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425893/an-examination-of-perceived-health-care-availability-and-unmet-health-care-need-in-the-city-of-toronto-ontario-canada
#7
Jongnam Hwang, Sara J T Guilcher, Kathryn E McIsaac, Flora I Matheson, Rick Glazier, Patricia O'Campo
OBJECTIVES: Although timely access to health care is a top priority, a burgeoning body of research highlights the important role of neighbourhood environments on unmet health care needs. This study aimed to examine an association between perceptions of neighbourhood availability of health care services and experience of unmet health care needs by gender in an urban city setting. METHODS: A total of 2338 participants from the Neighbourhood Effects on Health and Well-being (NEHW) study, between 25 and 64 years of age and dwelling in the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, were included in the analyses...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424567/access-barriers-to-services-by-immigrant-mothers-of-children-with-autism-in-canada
#8
Nazilla Khanlou, Nasim Haque, Nida Mustafa, Luz Maria Vazquez, Anne Mantini, Jonathan Weiss
Equal access for autism services remains suboptimal for diverse groups. In Canada, little is known about the barriers immigrant mothers face accessing services and support for their children with developmental disabilities. In this qualitative study, 21 immigrant mothers of children with Autism, from a diverse ethno cultural background, were interviewed in Toronto, Canada. We apply House's (1981) four domains of social support to analyze findings. Structural support challenges, such as delays in diagnosis, fragmented and dispersed services were common, followed by instrumental challenges due to loss of social ties and stigma...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413227/david-c-drum-dc-fccs-c-an-accomplished-multi-faceted-individual
#9
Douglas M Brown
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) is quoted as saying, "The meaning of life is to find your gift. The purpose of life is to give it away." With these few words Picasso captures the essence of David Drum's existence. From his birth in Moncton, NB, through his formal education in Toronto, ON, to his so-called "retirement" in Crystal Beach, ON, this paper spans 72 years, unveiling the broad range of opportunities for growth David Drum has encountered in his life's journey and documenting his acceptance of the obligations for proud philanthropy that accompany them...
March 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412769/applicability-of-geochemical-techniques-and-artificial-sweeteners-in-discriminating-the-anthropogenic-sources-of-chloride-in-shallow-groundwater-north-of-toronto-canada
#10
Esmaeil Khazaei, William Milne-Home
Elevated levels of chloride concentration due to anthropogenic activities including the road salts, septic effluent and agricultural sources are common in shallow groundwater of the recent glacial deposits north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Identifying suitable techniques for discriminating the source of the chloride concentration helps to better plan the protection of groundwater in the area. This paper examines the applicability of geochemical techniques with emphasis on Panno et al. (Ground Water 44: 176-187, 2006) and Mullaney et al...
May 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412384/molecular-epidemiology-of-penicillinase-producing-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-in-france
#11
Maité Micaëlo, Agathe Goubard, Guy La Ruche, Erick Denamur, Olivier Tenaillon, Emmanuelle Cambau, Hervé Jacquier, Béatrice Bercot
OBJECTIVES: Characterising the molecular epidemiology of antibiotic resistance is crucial for a better understanding of the evolution and spread of resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Here, we examine the molecular epidemiology of penicillinase-producing N. gonorrhoeae (PPNG) isolates in France. METHODS: We investigated 176 PPNG isolates collected between 2010 and 2012 by the National Reference Centre in France. Genotyping was performed using the NG-MAST technique, blaTEM genes were Sanger-sequenced, and plasmids were characterized by PCR-typing...
April 13, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407748/the-role-of-ethnicity-in-pathways-to-emergency-psychiatric-services-for-clients-with-psychosis
#12
Martin Rotenberg, Andrew Tuck, Rachel Ptashny, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the role of ethnicity in pathways to emergency mental health care in Toronto for clients with psychosis, while taking into account neighborhood factors. Previous literature has focused on Afro-Caribbean clients, reporting an increased risk of accessing mental health care through negative pathways. METHODS: A retrospective chart review for clients from 6 different ethnic origin groups presenting with psychosis - East Asian, South Asian, Black African, Black Caribbean, White European, and White North American - was undertaken in a psychiatric emergency department (ED)...
April 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406714/clinical-outcomes-associated-with-achromobacter-species-infection-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#13
Ranjani Somayaji, Sanja Stanojevic, D Elizabeth Tullis, Anne L Stephenson, Felix Ratjen, Valerie Waters
RATIONALE: Achromobacter species are increasingly identified in individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF), but the clinical outcomes in these patients remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the association of Achromobacter infection on clinical outcomes in pediatric and adult patients with CF. METHODS: A cohort study of pediatric and adult CF patients was conducted from 1997 - 2014 in Toronto, Canada. Achromobacter spp infection was categorized as no history of infection, intermittent, and chronic infection (≥ 2 positive cultures in preceding 12 months)...
April 13, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404552/priority-setting-in-paediatric-preventive-care-research
#14
Mikael Lavigne, Catherine S Birken, Jonathon L Maguire, Sharon Straus, Andreas Laupacis
OBJECTIVES: To identify the unanswered research questions in paediatric preventive care that are most important to parents and clinicians, and to explore how questions from parents and clinicians may differ. DESIGN: Iterative mixed methods research priority setting process. SETTING: Toronto, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Parents of children aged 0-5 years enrolled in a research network in Toronto, and clinicians practising in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
April 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403004/the-hidden-value-of-narrative-comments-for-assessment-a-quantitative-reliability-analysis-of-qualitative-data
#15
Shiphra Ginsburg, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Kevin W Eva
PURPOSE: In-training evaluation reports (ITERs) are ubiquitous in internal medicine (IM) residency. Written comments can provide a rich data source, yet are often overlooked. This study determined the reliability of using variable amounts of commentary to discriminate between residents. METHOD: ITER comments from two cohorts of PGY-1s in IM at the University of Toronto (graduating 2010 and 2011; n = 46-48) were put into sets containing 15 to 16 residents. Parallel sets were created: one with comments from the full year and one with comments from only the first three assessments...
April 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401134/preconsult-interactive-computer-assisted-client-assessment-survey-for-common-mental-disorders-in-a-community-health-centre-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Farah Ahmad, Wendy Lou, Yogendra Shakya, Liane Ginsburg, Peggy T Ng, Meb Rashid, Serban Dinca-Panaitescu, Cliff Ledwos, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Access disparities for mental health care exist for vulnerable ethnocultural and immigrant groups. Community health centres that serve these groups could be supported further by interactive, computer-based, self-assessments. METHODS: An interactive computer-assisted client assessment survey (iCCAS) tool was developed for preconsult assessment of common mental disorders (using the Patient Health Questionnaire [PHQ-9], Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item [GAD-7] scale, Primary Care Post-traumatic Stress Disorder [PTSD-PC] screen and CAGE [concern/cut-down, anger, guilt and eye-opener] questionnaire), with point-of-care reports...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401130/development-of-a-preliminary-essential-medicines-list-for-canada
#17
Michael S Taglione, Haroon Ahmad, Morgan Slater, Babak Aliarzadeh, Richard H Glazier, Andreas Laupacis, Nav Persaud
BACKGROUND: Some evidence supports the use of a short list of essential medicines to improve prescribing. We aimed to create a preliminary essential medicines list for use in Canada. METHODS: The 2013 World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines was initially adapted by the research team. Fourteen Canadian clinicians gave suggestions for changes to the list. Literature relevant to each unique suggestion was gathered and presented to 3 clinician-scientists who used a modified nominal group technique to make recommendations on the suggested changes...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401129/circulating-concentrations-and-relative-percent-composition-of-trans-fatty-acids-in-healthy-canadian-young-adults-between-2004-and-2010-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Salma A Abdelmagid, Daiva E Nielsen, Alaa Badawi, Ahmed El-Sohemy, David M Mutch, David W L Ma
BACKGROUND: Trans fatty acids (TFAs) produced from industrial partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils have been the subject of much research regarding their negative effect on the development of chronic diseases, and recommendations to label foods with partially hydrogenated vegetable oils and limit their levels were introduced in Canada in 2003 and 2007, respectively. Our aim was to determine temporal changes in circulating plasma TFAs in a population of young healthy Canadian adults after the introduction of the guidelines...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394959/-psychosocial-functioning-in-non-psychiatric-acute-and-chronic-inpatients-depression-alexithymia-and-lack-of-assertiveness
#19
Marcelo Arancibia, Rosa Behar, Sofía Marín, Nicolás Inzunza, Eva Madrid
BACKGROUND: Depression, alexithymia, and lack of assertiveness interfere with individual psychosocial functioning and may result in longer hospitalization stay and poorer therapeutic results. AIM: To analyze the psychosocial functioning in acute and chronic patients and its association with psychological, clinical and sociodemographic variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study that included 80 inpatients of both sexes with organic pathology, aged between 18 to 70 years old, without any current psychiatric disorder...
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391597/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-imaging-in-vivo-with-laser-activated-nanodroplets
#20
Heechul Yoon, Steven K Yarmoska, Alexander S Hannah, Changhan Yoon, Kristina A Hallam, Stanislav Y Emelianov
PURPOSE: This study introduces a real-time contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging method with recently developed laser-activated nanodroplets (LANDs), a new class of phase-change nanometer-scale contrast agents that provides perceptible, sustained high-contrast with ultrasound. METHODS: In response to pulsed laser irradiation, the LANDs-, which contain liquid perfluorohexane and optical fuses-blink (vaporize and recondense). That is, they change their state from liquid nanodroplets to gas microbubbles, and then back to liquid nanodroplets...
April 9, 2017: Medical Physics
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