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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219974/the-availability-of-smoking-permitted-accommodations-from-airbnb-in-12-canadian-cities
#1
Ryan David Kennedy, Ornell Douglas, Lindsay Stehouwer, Jackie Dawson
PURPOSE: Airbnb is a web-based peer-to-peer (P2P) service that enables potential hosts and guests to broker accommodations in private homes as an alternative to traditional hotels. The hospitality sector has increasingly gone smoke-free over the last decade. This study identified the availability and cost of smoking-permitted accommodations identified on Airbnb. METHODS: The study team searched for Airbnb accommodations in 12 Canadian cities across each of Canada's 10 provinces...
February 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217853/use-of-cytological-samples-of-metastatic-melanoma-for-ancillary-studies
#2
H M Ko, M A Saieg, G da Cunha Santos, S Kamel-Reid, S L Boerner, W R Geddie
OBJECTIVE: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is widely used in the diagnosis of metastatic melanoma, both at initial presentation and in the setting of recurrent disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of confirmatory immunohistochemistry (IHC) and molecular analysis of the BRAF mutation in cytological preparations of metastatic melanoma. METHODS: A 2-year retrospective review of pathology reports was performed on cytological samples of metastatic melanoma at the University Health Network (Toronto, Canada) and the Santa Casa Medical School (Sao Paulo, Brazil)...
February 20, 2017: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210228/discriminating-between-anxious-and-non-anxious-subjects-using-the-toronto-hospital-alertness-test
#3
Colin Shapiro, Lucie Truffaut, Sophie Matharan, Valérie Olivier
BACKGROUND: Alertness designates the internal feeling of wakefulness or arousal and is often described to be linked to the level of anxiety. An adequate level of anxiety favoring the alertness needed to deal with a faced specific situation efficiently; too much anxiety can result in failure to process information and respond appropriately. Thus, it would be of interest to verify if different alertness profiles can be observed depending on anxiety level. The Toronto Hospital Alertness Test (THAT) is a test designed to measure alertness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209706/provider-and-patient-related-determinants-of-diabetes-self-management-among-recent-immigrants-implications-for-systemic-change
#4
Ilene Hyman, Yogendra Shakya, Nathaniel Jembere, Enza Gucciardi, Bilkis Vissandjée
OBJECTIVE: To examine provider- and patient-related factors associated with diabetes self-management among recent immigrants. DESIGN: Demographic and experiential data were collected using an international survey instrument and adapted to the Canadian context. The final questionnaire was pretested and translated into 4 languages: Mandarin, Tamil, Bengali, and Urdu. SETTING: Toronto, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 130 recent immigrants with a self-reported diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus who had resided in Canada for 10 years or less...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207634/ethnic-background-is-a-potential-barrier-to-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-in-canada-a-single-center-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Istvan Mucsi, Aarushi Bansal, Olusegun Famure, Yanhong Li, Margot Mitchell, Amy D Waterman, Marta Novak, S Joseph Kim
BACKGROUND: We examined if African or Asian ethnicity was associated with lower access to kidney transplantation (KT) in a Canadian setting. METHODS: Patients referred for KT to the Toronto General Hospital from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2012, who completed social work assessment, were included (n=1769). The association between ethnicity and the time from referral to completion of KT evaluation or receipt of a KT were examined using Cox proportional hazards models...
February 15, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198954/intimate-partner-violence-among-speaking-immigrant-adult-portuguese-women-in-canada
#6
Rafaella Queiroga Souto, Sepali Guruge, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa Merighi, Maria Cristina Pinto de Jesus, Shaindel Egit, Linda Knowles
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to understand the experiences of intimate partner violence among women from Portuguese-speaking countries living in the Greater Toronto Area. METHOD: A social phenomenological study was conducted with ten Portuguese-speaking women who had experienced intimate partner violence who were selected by community centre leaders. The interviews were transcribed, translated and analysed by categories. RESULTS: The consequences of violence included health problems, effects on children, and negative feelings among the victims...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197218/polysomnographic-findings-in-infants-with-pierre-robin-sequence
#7
Abdullah Khayat, Saadoun Bin-Hassan, Suhail Al-Saleh
INTRODUCTION: Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is characterized by the triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and upper airway obstruction. It is commonly associated with the secondary cleft palate. Infants with PRS commonly have sleep-disordered breathing (SDB); including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as well as central sleep breathing abnormalities that are present from infancy. AIM OF THE STUDY: Evaluate the prevalence and severity of SDB in infants with PRS using polysomnography (PSG)...
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196621/psoriatic-arthritis-disease-activity-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-year-postpartum
#8
Ari Polachek, Suzanne Li, Inbal Shlomi Polachek, Vinod Chandran, Dafna Gladman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate disease activity in the joints and skin during pregnancy and the first-year postpartum in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Women with PsA who were pregnant between 1990 and 2015 with at least 1 clinic visit during pregnancy were identified from the Toronto PsA database. The course of joint and skin disease activity was defined by the following 5 states: improvement, worsening, stable low, stable high, or a mixed. As controls, 67 nonpregnant PsA women were identified and evaluated over a similar timeframe...
January 16, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195407/a-pilot-trial-of-square-biphasic-pulse-deep-brain-stimulation-for-dystonia-the-bip-dystonia-study
#9
Leonardo Almeida, Daniel Martinez-Ramirez, Bilal Ahmed, Wissam Deeb, Sol De Jesus, Jared Skinner, Matthew J Terza, Umer Akbar, Robert S Raike, Chris J Hass, Michael S Okun
BACKGROUND: Dystonia often has inconsistent benefits and requires more energy-demanding DBS settings. Studies suggest that squared biphasic pulses could provide significant clinical benefit; however, dystonia patients have not been explored. OBJECTIVES: To assess safety and tolerability of square biphasic DBS in dystonia patients. METHODS: This study included primary generalized or cervical dystonia patients with bilateral GPi DBS. Square biphasic pulses were implemented and patients were assessed at baseline, immediately postwashout, post-30-minute washout, 1 hour post- and 2 hours postinitiation of investigational settings...
February 13, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179155/pre-and-post-pandemic-trends-in-antiviral-use-in-hospitalized-patients-with-laboratory-confirmed-influenza-2004-05-2013-14-toronto-canada
#10
Brenda L Coleman, Kazi Hassan, Karen Green, Jonathan B Gubbay, Kevin Katz, Tony Mazzulli, Shelly McNeil, Matthew Muller, Jeff Powis, David Richardson, Andrew Simor, Allison J McGeer
BACKGROUND: Data on factors associated with the use of antiviral medication to treat influenza in both children and adults are limited. OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in antiviral use, analyze factors associated with antiviral treatment of hospitalized patients with influenza, and to compare use based on guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational cohort of hospitalized patients with laboratory confirmed influenza in southern Ontario hospitals for the 2004/05-2013/14 seasons...
February 6, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171816/the-western-disease-autism-and-somali-parents-embodied-health-movements
#11
Claire Laurier Decoteau
There is some statistical evidence indicating that Somali refugees and immigrants have high rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Somalis in North America call autism the "Western disease" because there is no word for autism in the Somali language and because many believe it does not exist in Somalia. In Toronto, Somali parents have forged an "epistemic community," united around a coherent theory of the development of autism, its defining features, and most successful therapies. They work together with researchers to support the theory that gut bacteria is a causal factor for the development of autism...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168661/psoriasis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-single-center-experience
#12
Konstantinos Tselios, Kristy Su-Ying Yap, Rattapol Pakchotanon, Ari Polachek, Jiandong Su, Murray B Urowitz, Dafna D Gladman
The coexistence of psoriasis with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been reported in limited case series, raising hypotheses about shared pathogenetic mechanisms. Nevertheless, important differences regarding treatment do exist. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of psoriasis in a defined cohort of lupus patients. Patients with psoriasis were retrieved from the University of Toronto Lupus Clinic from its inception in 1970 up to 2015. Charts were hand-searched to collect information concerning demographic, clinical, and therapeutic variables...
February 6, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164370/impact-of-neighbourhood-level-inequity-on-paediatric-diabetes-care
#13
A B M Clarke, D Daneman, J R Curtis, F H Mahmud
AIMS: To evaluate the association between neighbourhood-level inequity and glycaemic control in paediatric participants with Type 1 diabetes using the Neighbourhood Equity Index (NEI). METHODS: The NEI was linked to the clinical data of 519 children with diabetes followed at the Hospital for Sick Children (Toronto, Canada). The NEI is a composite measure of inequity developed using the World Health Organization's Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool (HEART), which encompasses 15 weighted indicators evaluating economic, social, environmental and lifestyle factors...
February 6, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162866/perceptions-and-knowledge-of-caffeinated-energy-drinks-results-of-focus-groups-with-canadian-youth
#14
Cassondra McCrory, Christine M White, Carolyn Bowman, Nancy Fenton, Jessica L Reid, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To examine use, knowledge, and perceptions of caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) among youth. DESIGN: Qualitative research using focus group discussions (n = 4). SETTING: Two Canadian cities (Toronto and Montreal). PARTICIPANTS: Youth aged 12-18 years (n = 41). PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Perceived definitions of CEDs, reasons for use, knowledge of health effects, use with alcohol, marketing perceptions, and use and understanding of cautionary statements on packaging...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160137/liver-transplantation-is-a-preferable-alternative-to-palliative-therapy-for-selected-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Aloysious D Aravinthan, Silvio G Bruni, Adam C Doyle, Hla-Hla Thein, Nicolas Goldaracena, Assaf Issachar, Leslie B Lilly, Nazia Selzner, Mamatha Bhat, Boraiah Sreeharsha, Markus Selzner, Anand Ghanekar, Mark S Cattral, Ian D McGilvray, Paul D Greig, Eberhard L Renner, David R Grant, Gonzalo Sapisochin
BACKGROUND: Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) beyond the traditional criteria (advanced HCC) are typically offered palliation, which is associated with a 3-year survival rate lower than 30%. This study aimed to describe the outcomes for a subset of patients with advanced HCC who satisfied the Extended Toronto Criteria (ETC) and were listed for liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: All patients listed in the Toronto liver transplantation program with HCC beyond both the Milan and University of California, San Francisco criteria were included in this study...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158937/investigating-laparoscopic-psychomotor-skills-in-veterinarians-and-veterinary-technicians
#16
Jessica Kilkenny, Amanda Santarossa, Victoria Mrotz, Meagan Walker, Dominique Monaghan, Ameet Singh
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of age, year of graduation, and video game experience on baseline laparoscopic psychomotor skills. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SAMPLE POPULATION: Licensed veterinarians (n = 38) and registered veterinary technicians (VTs) (n = 49). METHODS: A laparoscopic box trainer was set up at the 2016 Ontario Veterinary Medical Association (OVMA) and the 2016 Ontario Association of Veterinary Technicians (OAVT) conferences held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
February 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155223/evaluation-of-prolonged-qt-interval-structural-heart-disease-mimicking-long-qt-syndrome
#17
Adaya Weissler-Snir, Michael H Gollob, Vijay Chauhan, Melanie Care, Danna A Spears
BACKGROUND: In about 20-25% of patients with congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) a causative pathogenic mutation is not found. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of alternative cardiac diagnoses among patients exhibiting prolongation of QT interval with negative genetic testing for LQTS genes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 239 consecutive patients who were evaluated in the inherited arrhythmia clinic at the Toronto General Hospital between July 2013 and December 2015 for possible LQTS...
February 3, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154839/role-of-alexithymia-anxiety-and-depression-in-predicting-self-efficacy-in-academic-students
#18
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Soraya Khafri
Objective. Little research is available on the predictive factors of self-efficacy in college students. The aim of the present study is to examine the role of alexithymia, anxiety, and depression in predicting self-efficacy in academic students. Design. In a cross-sectional study, a total of 133 students at Babol University of Medical Sciences (Medicine, Dentistry, and Paramedicine) participated in the study between 2014 and 2015. All participants completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES), and 14 items on anxiety and depression derived from the 28 items of the General Health Questionnaire (28-GHQ)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152771/does-physical-function-impact-the-acceptability-of-routine-patient-reported-outcome-surveys-in-cancer-patients
#19
Catherine Brown, Andrea Perez-Cosio, Yvonne Leung, Mindy Liang, Gursharan Gill, Samantha Sarabia, Sabrina Yeung, Aixin Liu, Doris Howell, Geoffrey Liu
: 67 Background: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are used to collect cancer-related symptom and symptomatic toxicity data. Understanding factors that affect the acceptability of PROMs is useful for improving the participation of such routine screening practices. We investigated the association between patient's functional status on their acceptance and perception of usefulness of tablet technology to routine collection of PROM data in the clinical setting. METHODS: 279 adult cancer outpatients at Toronto's Princess Margaret Cancer Centre completed two physical function surveys, the HAQ-DI and WHODAS, using touchscreen tablet technology...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152541/alexithymia-and-plaque-psoriasis-preliminary-investigation-in-a-clinical-sample-of-250-patients
#20
Marina Talamonti, Marco Galluzzo, Stella Servoli, Simone D'Adamio, Luca Bianchi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psoriasis as a dermatological disorder has complex effects on mental health and the psychological status of the patient. Many authors proposed that assessing how psoriasis affects a patient's life is better than a body surface area measurement for delineating psoriasis severity. Alexithymia is a personality dimension characterized by difficulty identifying feelings, difficulty describing feelings, and externally oriented thinking observed in many clinical conditions, especially in psychosomatic disorders...
February 3, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
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