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Oncology parenteral nutrition

Alvaro Vidal, Nicolas Arnold, Mihai Dorin Vartolomei, Bernhard Kiss, Fiona Burkhard, George N Thalmann, Beat Roth
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate the long-term oncological and functional outcomes of postoperative total parenteral nutrition after radical cystectomy. METHODS: A total of 157 consecutive patients (≤cT3, cN0, cM0) who underwent extended pelvic lymph node dissection, radical cystectomy and ileal urinary diversion from September 2008 to March 2011 at a single center were randomized to receive either postoperative total parenteral nutrition (group A; n = 74) or oral nutrition alone (group B; n = 83)...
December 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Catalina Mosquera, Nicholas J Koutlas, Kimberly C Edwards, Ashley Strickland, Nasreen A Vohra, Emmanuel E Zervos, Timothy L Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: The accurate diagnosis of malnutrition is imperative if we are to impact outcomes in the malnourished. The American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN) and Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND), in an attempt to address this issue, have provided evidence-based criteria to diagnose malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to validate the ASPEN/AND criteria in a cohort of patients from a single high-volume surgical oncology unit. METHODS: Patients undergoing major abdominal surgery from June 2013 to March 2015 were classified by their nutritional status using the ASPEN/AND criteria...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Leanna J Standish, Fred Dowd, Erin Sweet, Linda Dale, Morgan Weaver, Barbara Osborne, M Robyn Andersen
BACKGROUND: Naturopathic oncology in conjunction with conventional treatment is commonly referred to as integrative oncology (IO). Clinics directed by oncology board certified NDs (Fellows of the American Board of Naturopathic Oncology or FABNOs) provide high-quality data for describing IO therapies, their costs and measuring clinical outcomes. PURPOSE: To describe the types of IO therapies prescribed to breast cancer patients by ND FABNO physicians. Study participants (n = 324)...
May 26, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Elvira C van Dalen, Arno Mank, Edith Leclercq, Renée L Mulder, Michelle Davies, Marie José Kersten, Marianne D van de Wetering
BACKGROUND: Neutropenia is a potentially serious side effect of chemotherapy and a major risk factor for infection, which can be life-threatening. It has been hypothesised that a low bacterial diet (LBD) can prevent infection and (infection-related) mortality in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy that causes episodes of neutropenia, but much remains unclear. This review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this review was to determine the efficacy of an LBD versus a control diet in preventing infection and in decreasing (infection-related) mortality in adult and paediatric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy that causes episodes of neutropenia...
April 24, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Lidia Santarpia, Antonio Buonomo, Maria Carmen Pagano, Lucia Alfonsi, Maria Foggia, Michele Mottola, Geremia Zito Marinosci, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of central venous catheter (CVC)-related blood-stream infections (CRBSI), infecting agents and the effectiveness of antibiotic therapy were evaluated in 172 adult patients on Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) at the Clinical Nutrition Outpatient Unit of Federico II University Hospital in Naples, Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 127 oncological (74%) and 45 (26%) non-oncological patients, for a total of 53,818 (median 104; range 14-1080) CVC days...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Nai Ming Lai, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Nai An Lai, Elizabeth O'Riordan, Wilson Shu Cheng Pau, Sanjay Saint
BACKGROUND: The central venous catheter (CVC) is essential in managing acutely ill patients in hospitals. Bloodstream infection is a major complication in patients with a CVC. Several infection control measures have been developed to reduce bloodstream infections, one of which is impregnation of CVCs with various forms of antimicrobials (either with an antiseptic or with antibiotics). This review was originally published in June 2013 and updated in 2016. OBJECTIVES: Our main objective was to assess the effectiveness of antimicrobial impregnation, coating or bonding on CVCs in reducing clinically-diagnosed sepsis, catheter-related blood stream infection (CRBSI), all-cause mortality, catheter colonization and other catheter-related infections in adult participants who required central venous catheterization, along with their safety and cost effectiveness where data were available...
March 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Florian Lordick, Ulrich Hacker
Cancer patients are regularly affected by malnutrition which often leads to a worsened quality of life and activity in daily living, more side effects and complications during anticancer treatment and shorter survival times. The early diagnosis and treatment of malnutrition are therefore relevant components of oncological treatment. The assessment of the nutritional status and determination of the body-mass-index should be done in every patient with cancer. The clinical examination delivers important findings and indications for malnutrition...
February 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Allison Lipitz-Snyderman, Saul N Weingart, Christopher Anderson, Andrew S Epstein, Aileen Killen, David Classen, Camelia S Sima, Elizabeth Fortier, Coral L Atoria, David Pfister, Allison Lipitz-Snyderman, Saul N Weingart, Christopher Anderson, Andrew S Epstein, Aileen Killen, David Classen, Camelia S Sima, Elizabeth Fortier, Coral L Atoria, David Pfister
PURPOSE: Widespread consensus exists about the importance of addressing patient safety issues in oncology, yet our understanding of the frequency, spectrum, and preventability of adverse events (AEs) across cancer care is limited. METHODS: We developed a screening tool to detect AEs across cancer care settings through medical record review. Members of the study team reviewed the scientific literature and obtained structured input from an external multidisciplinary panel of clinicians by using a modified Delphi process...
February 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
K Viani
Although nutritional therapy is essential for the treatment of childhood cancer, it remains a challenge, especially within the developing world, where there are many barriers to optimizing treatment. The oral route is the first approach to nutritional support, however challenging this might be in children with cancer. Oral supplements are indicated in moderate evaluated nutritional risk patients and its use should consider the family's social conditions and access to industrialized oral supplements. If unavailable, homemade oral supplements can be used respecting regional accessibility, local foods, and culture...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Cancer
Paolo Cotogni
The debate over the use of enteral nutrition (EN) and parenteral nutrition (PN) is an old but evergreen and hot topic. Since many years, studies comparing EN and PN have been a pivotal 'leitmotif' in the published literature on artificial nutrition (AN). Actually, there is a background misunderstanding in this debate; specifically, that EN and PN are competitors in the choice of the route for delivering nutrition support in cancer patients. Conversely, EN and PN have specific indications and contraindications...
January 2016: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Uwe Gröber, Klaus Kisters, Irenäus A Adamietz
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased incidence of breast and colon cancer as well as with an unfavourable course of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Vitamin D deficiency is common in cancer patients and is associated with poor cancer prognosis and disease progression. In breast cancer patients under polychemotherapy with anthracycline and taxane, a significant drop in 25(OH)D levels was observed. Osteo-malacia represents a new and previously unreported risk factor for the development of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw...
December 2015: Medizinische Monatsschrift Für Pharmazeuten
Caroline Steele, Angela Salazar, Lindsay Rypkema
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Melissa A Shenep, Mary R Tanner, Yilun Sun, Tina Culley, Randall T Hayden, Patricia M Flynn, Li Tang, Joshua Wolf
BACKGROUND: Although central venous catheters (CVCs) are essential to pediatric cancer care, complications are common (eg, occlusion, central line-associated bloodstream infection [CLABSI]). Parenteral nutrition (PN) and external CVCs are associated with an increased complication risk, but their interaction is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective matched cohort study of pediatric oncology patients who received PN through subcutaneous ports or external CVCs. Complication rates were compared between CVC types during PN and non-PN periods (log-negative binomial model)...
January 7, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Kathleen Montgomery, Meghan Belongia, Christina Schulta, Mollie Haddigan Mulberry, Melodee L Nugent, Pippa M Simpson
One of the most common side effects of medical treatment for patients with an oncologic diagnosis is malnutrition. There is limited research that broadly assesses the perceptions of health care providers (HCPs) regarding nutrition support in the pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to describe the perceptions of nutrition support among pediatric oncology and hematopoietic stem cell transplant HCPs. The study used a cross-sectional descriptive design using a 31-item survey. Results of the survey indicated that nurses were more likely to initiate conversations about nutrition support during the first month of diagnosis, while midlevel providers and physicians initiated discussions in response to a change in nutritional status evidenced by decreased oral intake or weight loss...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
Balázs Ivády, Éva Kenesei, Péter Tóth-Heyn, Gabriella Kertész, Klára Tárkányi, Csaba Kassa, Enikő Ujhelyi, Borbála Mikos, Erzsébet Sápi, Krisztina Varga-Heier, Gábor Guóth, Dóra Szabó
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to collect data about pediatric Gram-negative bloodstream infections (BSI) to determine the factors that influence multidrug resistance (MDR), clinical course and outcome of children affected by Gram-negative sepsis. METHODS: In this observational, prospective, multicenter study we collected cases of pediatric Gram-negative BSI during a 2-year period. We analyzed epidemiological, microbiological and clinical factors that associated with acquisition of MDR infections and outcome...
June 2016: Infection
Marah N Short, Vivian Ho, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Health care providers add multiple processes to the care of complex cancer patients, believing they prevent and/or ameliorate complications. However, the relationship between these processes, complication remediation, and expenditures is unknown. METHODS: Data for patients with cancer diagnoses undergoing colectomy, rectal resection, pulmonary lobectomy, pneumonectomy, esophagectomy, and pancreatic resection were obtained from hospital and inpatient physician Medicare claims for the years 2005-2009...
November 2015: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Lynnette R Ferguson
By the time a gastroenterology patient is moved to parenteral nutrition, he or she is usually in poor health. All parenteral nutrition formulae contain essential nutrients, avoiding components that could cause an adverse reaction. The lipid component is often provided by a soy extract, containing all the fatty acids considered to be essential in the diet. Several trials have considered parenteral nutrition formulas with added fish oils, high in the long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)...
September 15, 2015: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
F Bozzetti, P Cotogni, S Lo Vullo, L Pironi, D Giardiello, L Mariani
BACKGROUND: The use of home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in incurable cancer patients is extremely varied across different countries and institutions. In order to assess the clinical impact implied, we previously conducted a survey of incurable cancer patients receiving HPN, which shows that survival was markedly affected by Karnofsky performance status (KPS), tumor spread, Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) and tumor site. The aim of this study was to develop a nomogram incorporating the above factors for survival prediction...
November 2015: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
O Díaz-Cambronero, S Matoses-Jaén, N García-Claudio, N García-Gregorio, J Molins-Espinosa
Preoperative anemia in patients with cancer is highly prevalent, is associated with increased perioperative morbidity and is a risk factor for transfusion. There is evidence that patients who undergo transfusions have higher morbidity, increased cancer recurrence and poorer survival. The pathophysiology of anemia is multifactorial, with an inflammatory component to which chronic blood loss and nutritional deficiencies can be associated. Therefore, preoperative anemia in patients with cancer should be treated appropriately, given that there is sufficient time in the preoperative period...
June 2015: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Eva Aría Guerra, Alfonso Cortés-Salgado, Raquel Mateo-Lobo, Lía Nattero, Javier Riveiro, Belén Vega-Piñero, Beatriz Valbuena, Fátima Carabaña, Carmen Carrero, Enrique Grande, Alfredo Carrato, José Ignacio Botella-Carretero
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: the precise role of parenteral nutrition in the management of oncologic patients with intestinal occlusion is not well defined yet. We aimed to identify the effects of parenteral nutrition in these patients regarding prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 55 patients with intestinal occlusion and peritoneal carcinomatosis were included. Parenteral nutrition aimed at 20-35 kcal/Kg/day, and 1.0 g/kg/day of amino-acids. Weight, body mass index, type of tumor, type of chemotherapy, and ECOG among others were recorded and analyzed...
September 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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