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Omega 3 artificial nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27011315/long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-have-developmental-effects-on-the-crop-pest-the-cabbage-white-butterfly-pieris-rapae
#1
Stefanie M Hixson, Kruti Shukla, Lesley G Campbell, Rebecca H Hallett, Sandy M Smith, Laurence Packer, Michael T Arts
Nutritional enhancement of crops using genetic engineering can potentially affect herbivorous pests. Recently, oilseed crops have been genetically engineered to produce the long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) at levels similar to that found in fish oil; to provide a more sustainable source of these compounds than is currently available from wild fish capture. We examined some of the growth and development impacts of adding EPA and DHA to an artificial diet of Pieris rapae, a common pest of Brassicaceae plants...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952769/nutrition-mood-and-behaviour-a-review
#2
Nerissa L Soh, Garry Walter, Louise Baur, Clare Collins
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a critical review of recent empirical research regarding mood, behaviour and nutrition factors including essential fatty acids, macronutrients, micronutrients and food additives. METHOD: A literature search of databases Medline, PsycInfo, CINAHL and Embase up to October 2008. The search emphasised empirical research published in the last 10 years and also included older literature. Studies in both adults and children were addressed. RESULTS: Research into omega-3 fatty acids has been substantial but evidence for their potential in treating mood and behaviour is modest...
October 2009: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612327/-pharmaconutrition-in-intensive-and-perioperative-care
#3
REVIEW
Zdeněk Zadák, Radomír Hyšpler, Alena Tichá
The review article covers specific methods of artificial nutrition in current advances in intensive care. This area of care is somewhat specific, and indications for pharmaconutrients are different from classical artificial nutrition. The pharmaconutrients of amino acid and polyenoic fatty acid groups are described. The components of nutritional pharmacology, based on exceedingly high doses of pure nutritional substrates, are a useful and safe means of modifying selected mechanisms, such as fluidocoagulation, inflammatory reactions or vasomotorics...
2015: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26178502/-clinical-application-of-enteral-immune-nutrition-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Guoyu Zhang, Jianfeng Zou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of enteral immune nutrition preparation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and examine the improving effects on nutritional status, immune status and acute inflammatory reaction. METHODS: A total of 60 cases of hospitalized COPD patients on mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit (ICU) were randomly divided into immune nutrition group (containing essential fatty acids, omega-3 fatty acids, energy 1...
May 19, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25855092/pros-and-cons-of-feeding-the-septic-intensive-care-unit-patient
#5
REVIEW
Richard D Fremont, Todd W Rice
Sepsis is a common disease seen in critically ill patients. Many patients with sepsis are unable to provide nutrition for themselves, and therefore initiating artificial nutrition has become part of routine care for these patients. However, studies investigating the optimal route, composition, volume, and duration of nutrition in critically ill patients with sepsis are lacking. The best recommendations have to be extrapolated from studies in heterogeneous populations of critically ill patients or in those with syndromes such as acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) where sepsis is a common predisposing etiology...
June 2015: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25226273/influence-of-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-enriched-lipid-emulsions-on-nosocomial-infections-and-clinical-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-icu-lipids-study
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Teodoro Grau-Carmona, Alfonso Bonet-Saris, Abelardo García-de-Lorenzo, Carmen Sánchez-Alvarez, Angel Rodríguez-Pozo, José Acosta-Escribano, Eduardo Miñambres, Jose Ignacio Herrero-Meseguer, Alfonso Mesejo
OBJECTIVE: n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (contained in fish oil) have been shown to beneficially influence infection rate and clinical outcomes in surgical patients probably due to their immunomodulatory action. In contrast, study results of fish oil administration in critically ill patients are controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on the prevalence of nosocomial infections and clinical outcomes in medical and surgical critically ill patients...
January 2015: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25096691/high-protein-enteral-nutrition-enriched-with-immune-modulating-nutrients-vs-standard-high-protein-enteral-nutrition-and-nosocomial-infections-in-the-icu-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Arthur R H van Zanten, François Sztark, Udo X Kaisers, Siegfried Zielmann, Thomas W Felbinger, Armin R Sablotzki, Jan J De Waele, Jean-François Timsit, Marina L H Honing, Didier Keh, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jean-Fabien Zazzo, Harvey B M Fijn, Laurent Petit, Jean-Charles Preiser, Peter J van Horssen, Zandrie Hofman
IMPORTANCE: Enteral administration of immune-modulating nutrients (eg, glutamine, omega-3 fatty acids, selenium, and antioxidants) has been suggested to reduce infections and improve recovery from critical illness. However, controversy exists on the use of immune-modulating enteral nutrition, reflected by lack of consensus in guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether high-protein enteral nutrition enriched with immune-modulating nutrients (IMHP) reduces the incidence of infections compared with standard high-protein enteral nutrition (HP) in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients...
August 6, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24589090/preoperative-immunonutrition-decreases-postoperative-complications-by-modulating-prostaglandin-e2-production-and-t-cell-differentiation-in-patients-undergoing-pancreatoduodenectomy
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Toshiaki Aida, Katsunori Furukawa, Daisuke Suzuki, Hiroaki Shimizu, Hiroyuki Yoshidome, Masayuki Ohtsuka, Atsushi Kato, Hideyuki Yoshitomi, Masaru Miyazaki
BACKGROUND: An immune-enhancing diet has been used to alter eicosanoid synthesis, cytokine production, and immune function in an attempt to limit the undesired immune reactions after injury from surgery. This prospective randomized study was designed to investigate the effect of preoperative immunonutrition on operative complications, and the participation of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on T-cell differentiation in patients undergoing a severely stressful surgery. METHODS: The enrolled patients who were scheduled to undergo pancreatoduodenectomy were randomized into two groups...
January 2014: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23148256/effects-of-different-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementations-during-the-postpartum-periods-of-early-lactating-dairy-cows-on-milk-yield-metabolic-responses-and-reproductive-performances
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
E Dirandeh, A Towhidi, S Zeinoaldini, M Ganjkhanlou, Z Ansari Pirsaraei, A Fouladi-Nashta
In spite of the difficulties in delivering PUFA to ruminants, studies have generally indicated that the PUFA of the omega-6 (linoleic acid) and omega-3 [α-linolenic acid; eicosapentaenoic (EPA), C20:5 omega-3; docosahexaenoic (DHA), C22:6 omega-3] families are the most beneficial to improving reproduction in cows. The objectives were to determine if a diet enriched in α-linolenic acid (omega-3) or linoleic acid (omega-6) would influence milk production and composition, metabolic status, and reproductive performance in lactating dairy cows...
February 2013: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22928358/the-influence-of-components-of-diet-on-the-symptoms-of-adhd-in-children
#10
Klaudia Konikowska, Bozena Regulska-Ilow, Dorota Rózańska
In most children with ADHD the cause of the disease is not exactly known, and its etiology is multifactorial. The conventional treatment is based on the combination of behavioral and psychological therapy and the pharmacotherapy. The pharmacotherapy has a high effectiveness in ADHD treatment, but it is often associated with undesirable side effects, such as: loss of appetite and weight, growth inhibition, abdominal pain, headaches, sleeping problems and increased blood pressure. In the recent years, much attention was devoted to the issue of an appropriate diet in this disease, especially when the standard pharmacotherapy is not effective...
2012: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22411517/guidelines-for-specialized-nutritional-and-metabolic-support-in-the-critically-ill-patient-update-consensus-semicyuc-senpe-respiratory-failure
#11
REVIEW
T Grau Carmona, J López Martínez, B Vila García
Severe acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation is one of the most frequent reasons for admission to the intensive care unit. Among the most frequent causes for admission are exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute respiratory failure with acute lung injury (ALI) or with criteria of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). These patients have a high risk of malnutrition due to the underlying disease, their altered catabolism and the use of mechanical ventilation...
November 2011: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22309751/-guidelines-for-specialized-nutritional-and-metabolic-support-in-the-critically-ill-patient-update-consensus-of-the-spanish-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-and-coronary-units-spanish-society-of-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition-semicyuc-senpe-respiratory
#12
T Grau Carmona, J López Martínez, B Vila García
Severe acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation is one of the most frequent reasons for admission to the intensive care unit. Among the most frequent causes for admission are exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute respiratory failure with acute lung injury (ALI) or with criteria of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). These patients have a high risk of malnutrition due to the underlying disease, their altered catabolism and the use of mechanical ventilation...
November 2011: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21642654/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-and-acute-lung-injury
#13
REVIEW
A Dushianthan, M P W Grocott, A D Postle, R Cusack
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life threatening respiratory failure due to lung injury from a variety of precipitants. Pathologically ARDS is characterised by diffuse alveolar damage, alveolar capillary leakage, and protein rich pulmonary oedema leading to the clinical manifestation of poor lung compliance, severe hypoxaemia, and bilateral infiltrates on chest radiograph. Several aetiological factors associated with the development of ARDS are identified with sepsis, pneumonia, and trauma with multiple transfusions accounting for most cases...
September 2011: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21519730/revising-concepts-of-artificial-nutrition-in-contemporary-surgery-from-energy-and-nitrogen-to-immuno-metabolic-support
#14
REVIEW
L Gianotti, M Braga
Profound changes in perioperative management, namely "fast track surgery" have been recently proposed. This is a bundle of various techniques used for subjects undergoing elective operations that allows an improved well-being, faster recovery, shorter hospitalization and better outcome. From a nutritional point of view this new approach translates into a more rapid return of bowel function and thus to safely tolerate oral re-feeding within 1-3 days even after major operations. Nevertheless, the classic indications for perioperative artificial nutritional support remain valid but they should now apply only to a minority of patients...
January 2011: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21125205/nutrition-and-age-related-eye-diseases-the-alienor-antioxydants-lipides-essentiels-nutrition-et-maladies-oculaires-study
#15
C Delcourt, J-F Korobelnik, P Barberger-Gateau, M-N Delyfer, M-B Rougier, M Le Goff, F Malet, J Colin, J-F Dartigues
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, degenerative eye diseases (age-related maculopathy (ARM), cataract, glaucoma) are the main causes of visual impairment and blindness, which contribute to disability in the elderly. Mainly three types of nutritional factors are investigated for their potential protection against eye ageing: antioxidants; lutein and zeaxanthin (carotenoids which accumulate specifically in the eye); omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Few epidemiological studies have been conducted in this field, particularly in Europe...
December 2010: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20441676/rationale-and-use-of-n-3-fatty-acids-in-artificial-nutrition
#16
REVIEW
Philip C Calder
Lipids traditionally used in artificial nutrition are based on n-6 fatty acid-rich vegetable oils like soyabean oil. This may not be optimal because it may present an excessive supply of linoleic acid. One alternative to the use of soyabean oil is its partial replacement by fish oil, which contains n-3 fatty acids. These fatty acids influence inflammatory and immune responses and so may be useful in particular situations where those responses are not optimal. Fish oil-containing lipid emulsions have been used in parenteral nutrition in adult patients post-surgery (mainly gastrointestinal)...
November 2010: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20227099/effects-of-perioperative-immunonutrition-on-cell-mediated-immunity-t-helper-type-1-th1-th2-differentiation-and-th17-response-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#17
Daisuke Suzuki, Katsunori Furukawa, Fumio Kimura, Hiroaki Shimizu, Hiroyuki Yoshidome, Masayuki Ohtsuka, Atsushi Kato, Hideyuki Yoshitomi, Masaru Miyazaki
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of immunonutrition on reducing infectious complications are still poorly understood. This prospective randomized study was designed to determine whether immunonutrition influences the following factors: cell-mediated immunity, differentiation of T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 cells, interleukin (IL)-17-producing CD4(+) helper T (Th17) cell response, and infectious complication rate after pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS: Thirty patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy were divided into 3 groups...
September 2010: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19702523/immunonutrition-in-surgical-patients
#18
REVIEW
J Xu, Z Yunshi, R Li
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: To outline recent findings concerning the efficacy of immunonutrients in patients undergoing surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgery induces an inflammatory response that can become excessive and damaging in some patients. The major risk factors are pre-existing nutritional status and increasing levels of surgical stress. A range of nutrients, including several amino acids, antioxidant vitamins and minerals, omega-3 fatty acids, and nucleotides, are able to modulate inflammation and the associated oxidative stress, and maintain or improve immune function...
August 2009: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19588181/artificial-rearing-of-infant-mice-leads-to-n-3-fatty-acid-deficiency-in-cardiac-neural-and-peripheral-tissues
#19
Nahed Hussein, Irina Fedorova, Toru Moriguchi, Kei Hamazaki, Hee-Yong Kim, Junji Hoshiba, Norman Salem
The ability to control the fatty acid content of the diet during early development is a crucial requirement for a one-generation model of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n3) deficiency. A hand feeding method using artificial rearing (AR) together with sterile, artificial milk was employed for feeding mice from postnatal day 2-15. The pups were fed an n-3 fatty acid adequate (3% alpha-linolenic acid (LNA; 18:3n3) + 1% 22:6n3) or a deficient diet (0.06% 18:3n3) with linoleic acid (LA; 18:2n6) as the only dietary source of essential fatty acids by AR along with a dam-reared control group (3...
August 2009: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19553167/-how-can-we-integrate-nutritional-support-in-medical-oncology
#20
Charlotte Demoor-Goldschmidt, Bruno Raynard
Malnutrition concerns 20% of cancer patients. It is an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality. And nutritional support has to be integrated in anti-cancer treatment project, and could improve the prognosis and quality of life. Two axes in cancer cachexia care could be identified: nutritional and pharmacological. The first level of care includes dietetic counselling and oral nutritional supplements. When oral intakes are less 60% of needs, we have to use artificial nutrition, enteral if digestive tract is functional, otherwise parenteral nutrition...
June 2009: Bulletin du Cancer
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