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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914264/biopsychosocial-benefits-of-movement-based-complementary-and-integrative-health-therapies-for-patients-with-chronic-conditions
#1
Rendelle E Bolton, Gemmae M Fix, Carol VanDeusen Lukas, A Rani Elwy, Barbara G Bokhour
Objectives Complementary and integrative health practices are growing in popularity, including use of movement-based therapies such as yoga, tai-chi, and qigong. Movement-based therapies are beneficial for a range of health conditions and are used more frequently by individuals with chronic illness. Yet little is known about how patients with chronic conditions characterize the health benefits of movement-based therapies. Methods We conducted focus groups with 31 patients enrolled in yoga and qigong programs for chronic conditions at two VA medical centers...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760355/interventions-integrating-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-a-systematic-review
#2
Kimiyo Kikuchi, Rakesh Ayer, Sumiyo Okawa, Mariko Nishikitani, Fumihiko Yokota, Masamine Jimba, Naoki Nakashima
Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) care services could be critical entry points for preventing non-communicable diseases in women and children. In high-income countries, non-communicable diseases screening has been integrated into both the medical and public health systems. To integrate these services in low- and middle-income countries, it is necessary to closely examine its effectiveness and feasibility. In this systematic review, we evaluated the effectiveness of integrating gestational and non-gestational non-communicable diseases interventions and RMNCH care among women and children in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755225/classification-of-electrophotonic-images-of-yogic-practice-of-mudra-through-neural-networks
#3
Kotikalapudi Shiva Kumar, T M Srinivasan, Judu Ilavarasu, Biplob Mondal, H R Nagendra
Background: Mudras signify a gesture with hands, eyes, and the body. Different configurations of the joining of fingertips are also termed mudra and are used by yoga practitioners for energy manipulation and for therapeutic applications. Electrophotonic imaging (EPI) captures the coronal discharge around the fingers as a result of electron capture from the ten fingers. The coronal discharge around each fingertip is studied to understand the effect of mudra on EPI parameters. Methods: The participants were from Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana and Sushrutha Ayurvedic Medical College, in Bengaluru, India...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755223/study-to-evaluate-the-changes-in-polycystic-ovarian-morphology-after-naturopathic-and-yogic-interventions
#4
M Ezhil Ratnakumari, N Manavalan, D Sathyanath, Y Rosy Ayda, K Reka
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the commonest endocrine disorders in women, with a prevalence ranging from 2.2% to 26% in India. Patients with PCOS face challenges including irregular menstrual cycles, hirsutism, acne, acanthosis nigricans, obesity and infertility. 9.13% of South Indian adolescent girls are estimated to suffer from PCOS. The efficacy of Yoga & Naturopathy (Y&N) in the management of polycystic ovarian syndrome requires to be investigated...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755216/yoga-for-heart-failure-a-review-and-future-research
#5
REVIEW
Paula R Pullen, William S Seffens, Walter R Thompson
Background: Complementary and alternative medicine is a rapidly growing area of biomedical inquiry. Yoga has emerged in the forefront of holistic medical care due to its long history of linking physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. Research in yoga therapy (YT) has associated improved cardiovascular and quality of life (QoL) outcomes for the special needs of heart failure (HF) patients. Aim: The aim of this study is to review yoga intervention studies on HF patients, discuss proposed mechanisms, and examine yoga's effect on physiological systems that have potential benefits for HF patients...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741426/yoga-therapy-in-the-german-healthcare-system
#6
Holger Cramer
An estimated 15.7 million Germans are currently practicing yoga or are at least interested in starting to practice, and they often perceive yoga as a therapeutic approach. From a healthcare system perspective, the situation is less clear. Here, yoga is only recognized as a recreational or preventive activity. When yoga teachers fulfill specific qualifications, their preventive yoga classes are covered by the statutory health insurances. Only those with additional qualifications in medicine or psychotherapy, however, can independently use and promote "yoga therapy...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736060/improvement-in-neurocognitive-functions-and-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-in-patients-with-depression-treated-with-antidepressants-and-yoga
#7
Naveen Gowrapura Halappa, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Shivarama Varambally, Mukund Rao, Rita Christopher, Gangadhar B Nanjundaiah
Context and Aims: Impairment in cognition is well-known in patients with major depressive disorder. This study examined the effect of yoga therapy with or without antidepressants and antidepressants alone on certain neuropsychological functions in patients with depression. Correlation between changes in neuropsychological test performance and serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels was also explored. Materials and Methods: Antidepressant-naïve/antidepressant-free outpatients with depression received antidepressant medication alone ( n = 23) or yoga therapy with ( n = 26) or without ( n = 16) antidepressants...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735382/evidence-based-nonpharmacologic-strategies-for-comprehensive-pain-care-the-consortium-pain-task-force-white-paper
#8
Heather Tick, Arya Nielsen, Kenneth R Pelletier, Robert Bonakdar, Samantha Simmons, Ronald Glick, Emily Ratner, Russell L Lemmon, Peter Wayne, Veronica Zador
Consortium Pain Taskforce White Paper Summary Evidence-based Nonpharmacologic Strategies for Comprehensive Pain Care Supplementary information can be found in the online version at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2018.02.001. Medical pain management is in crisis; from the pervasiveness of pain to inadequate pain treatment, from the escalation of prescription opioids to an epidemic in addiction, diversion and overdose deaths. The rising costs of pain care and managing adverse effects of that care have prompted action from state and federal agencies including the DOD, VHA, NIH, FDA and CDC...
March 1, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699700/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-depression-on-repetitive-negative-thinking-a-meta-analysis
#9
Philip Spinhoven, Nicola Klein, Mitzy Kennis, Angélique O J Cramer, Greg Siegle, Pim Cuijpers, Johan Ormel, Steve D Hollon, Claudi L Bockting
It is not clear if treatments for depression targeting repetitive negative thinking (RNT: rumination, worry and content-independent perseverative thinking) have a specific effect on RNT resulting in better outcomes than treatments that do not specifically target rumination. We conducted a systematic search of PsycINFO, PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane library for randomized trials in adolescents, adults and older adults comparing CBT treatments for (previous) depression with control groups or with other treatments and reporting outcomes on RNT...
July 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687967/vertebral-compression-fractures-associated-with-yoga-a-case-series
#10
Jad G Sfeir, Matthew T Drake, Vikram J Sonawane, Mehrsheed Sinaki
BACKGROUND: The importance of exercise in skeletal health is increasingly recognized by both patients and providers. However, the safety of prescribed or recreational exercise in at-risk populations remains under-reported and under-publicized. Yoga has gained widespread popularity due to its physical and psychological benefits. When practiced in a population at increased fracture risk, however, some yoga poses may increase fracture risk, particularly at the spine, rather than increasing BMD as noted in recent popular press reports...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685823/the-benefits-of-yoga-practice-compared-to-physical-exercise-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Ranil Jayawardena, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Tharindu Chathuranga, Piyusha Milani Atapattu, Anoop Misra
Yoga is increasingly used as an adjunctive therapy in the management of Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). The present study aims to systematically evaluate the literature and perform a meta-analysis on the effects of yoga practice compared to physical exercise in the management of T2DM. Data were obtained using a stepwise search process using keywords in the following online medical databases; PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. All controlled clinical trials involving patients with T2DM, comparing yoga as an intervention with physical exercise and evaluating glycaemic control and other outcomes between the intervention and control groups were included in the analysis...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643935/changes-in-fatigue-autonomic-functions-and-blood-biomarkers-due-to-sitting-isometric-yoga-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#12
Takakazu Oka, Tokusei Tanahashi, Nobuyuki Sudo, Battuvshin Lkhagvasuren, Yu Yamada
Background: In a previous randomized controlled trial, we found that sitting isometric yoga improves fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) who are resistant to conventional therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate possible mechanisms behind this finding, focusing on the short-term fatigue-relieving effect, by comparing autonomic nervous function and blood biomarkers before and after a session of isometric yoga. Methods: Fifteen patients with CFS who remained symptomatic despite at least 6 months of conventional therapy practiced sitting isometric yoga (biweekly 20 min practice with a yoga instructor and daily home practice) for eight weeks...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628722/yoga-as-a-therapeutic-intervention-in-the-management-of-dysfunctional-uterine-bleeding-a-controlled-pilot-study
#13
Snehal Pankaj Nalgirkar, Suhas Ashok Vinchurkar, Apar Avinash Saoji, Sriloy Mohanty
Background: Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) is one of the most common gynecological disorders encountered in women during the reproductive age. Yoga therapy has shown promising benefits in several gynecological disorders. Methods: Thirty women between the ages of 20 and 40 years with primary DUB were randomly assigned to a yoga ( n = 15) and a waitlist control group ( n = 15). Participants in the yoga group received a 3-month yoga module and were assessed for hemoglobin values, endometrial thickness (ET), pictorial blood loss assessment chart (PBAC), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, perceived stress scale, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) before and after a 3-month follow-up period...
January 2018: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609480/adherence-and-retention-of-african-americans-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-a-yoga-based-intervention-the-effects-of-health-promoting-programs-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-study
#14
Victoria I Okhomina, Samantha R Seals, Pramod Anugu, Godwin Adu-Boateng, Mario Sims, Gailen D Marshall
OBJECTIVES: Sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Few alternative lifestyle interventions, such as yoga practice, focus on African Americans (AA), the population most vulnerable to CVD. Our objective is to compare the retention and adherence rates between yoga, walking, and health education interventions while providing information about the acceptance of various yoga regimens. DESIGN: Three hundred seventy-five AA participants were recruited exclusively from an active cohort study and randomized into a 48-week study (24 weeks intervention, 24 weeks follow-up) with 5 health promotion interventions: high frequency yoga, moderate frequency yoga, low frequency yoga, guided walking, and health education...
April 2, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596005/improved-self-acceptance-quality-of-life-and-stress-level-from-participation-in-a-worksite-yoga-foundations-program-a-pilot-study
#15
Lori J Casey, Kimberly M Van Rooy, Stephanie J Sutherland, Sarah M Jenkins, Jordan K Rosedahl, Nadia G Wood, Jon O Ebbert, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Jason S Egginton, Leslie A Sim, Matthew M Clark
Yoga is increasing in popularity in the United States and across the globe. However, most yoga programs are provided outside the worksite; although many companies offer worksite wellness programs, at present there is limited documentation regarding the potential benefits of participating in a worksite yoga program. Therefore, the purpose of this project was to examine the potential effect of a worksite yoga program on self-acceptance, quality of life, and perceived stress. A prospective cohort pilot study that examined a structured worksite yoga program was designed and tailored to individuals new to yoga...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596004/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-yoga-in-medical-students-assessment-of-anthropometry-and-lifestyle-factors
#16
Shreelaxmi V Hegde, Swathi K Rao, Ritesh G Menezes, Shashidhar M Kotian, Sowmya Shetty
Medical students often experience significant stress during their undergraduate training. Evidence has shown short-term yoga to be effective in decreasing stress in students. This study aimed to assess knowledge about, attitude toward, and practice of (KAP) yoga among medical students. A secondary objective was to analyze their dietary habits and physical activity. Participants consisted of 224 medical students aged 18-23 years in pre- and paraclinical groups. A closed-ended KAP questionnaire was used to collect data...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581957/impact-of-spiritual-behavior-on-self-reported-illness-a-cross-sectional-study-among-women-in-the-kailali-district-of-nepal
#17
Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chun-Bae Kim, Myung-Bae Park, Johny Bajgai
Background: Different health behaviors influence health and illness. Spiritual well-being is one of the most important aspects of health promotion. The aim of this study was to identify the association between spiritual behavior in relation to meditation, worship, and physical exercise during yoga with self-reported disease/illness among women of the Kailali district of Nepal. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 453 randomly selected women in the Kailali district of Nepal within 1 municipality and 4 village development committees (VDC) using cluster sampling...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561180/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-restless-legs-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
Eloise G Harrison, Jennifer L Keating, Prue E Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder characterised by an uncomfortable urge to move the legs. Management is primarily pharmacological. Effects for non-pharmacological, non-surgical options are published but lack systematic examination. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise results of non-pharmacological/non-surgical treatment compared to no-treatment controls or alternative treatment for RLS on any relevant outcome. METHODS: Databases and reference lists of reviews were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing non-pharmacological treatment to alternative or no treatment controls for idiopathic RLS...
March 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543106/associations-of-maternal-light-moderate-leisure-time-walking-and-yoga-with-offspring-birth-size
#19
Sylvia E Badon, Alyson J Littman, K C Gary Chan, Michelle A Williams, Daniel A Enquobahrie
BACKGROUND: Although perinatal walking and yoga have been associated with decreased risks of pregnancy complications, associations with offspring birth size have been inconsistent. We investigated associations of prepregnancy and early pregnancy leisure-time light/moderate walking and yoga practice with birth size. METHODS: Study participants (N = 3687) reported leisure-time physical activity duration (hours per week) in the year before pregnancy and early pregnancy...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541436/the-effect-of-yoga-on-stress-anxiety-and-depression-in-women
#20
Masoumeh Shohani, Gholamreza Badfar, Marzieh Parizad Nasirkandy, Sattar Kaikhavani, Shoboo Rahmati, Yaghoob Modmeli, Ali Soleymani, Milad Azami
Background: In recent decades, several medical and scientific studies on yoga proved it to be very useful in the treatment of some diseases. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of yoga on stress, anxiety, and depression in women living in Ilam, Iran. Methods: This study is a quasi-experimental study with pre-post test. To collect data, the questionnaire of DASS-21 (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21) was used. For eligible samples, hatha yoga exercises and training sessions were held for 4 weeks (3 time/weeks; 60-70 min each) by a specialist...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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