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Psychoneuroimmunology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930219/qigong-in-cancer-care-theory-evidence-base-and-practice
#1
Penelope Klein
Background: The purpose of this discussion is to explore the theory, evidence base, and practice of Qigong for individuals with cancer. Questions addressed are: What is qigong? How does it work? What evidence exists supporting its practice in integrative oncology? What barriers to wide-spread programming access exist? Methods: Sources for this discussion include a review of scholarly texts, the Internet, PubMed, field observations, and expert opinion. Results: Qigong is a gentle, mind/body exercise integral within Chinese medicine...
January 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866901/anxiety-and-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-palliative-care-from-neuro-psychobiological-response-to-stress-to-symptoms-management-with-clinical-hypnosis-and-meditative-states
#2
Anirudh Kumar Satsangi, Maria Paola Brugnoli
Psychosomatic disorder is a condition in which psychological stresses adversely affect physiological (somatic) functioning to the point of distress. It is a condition of dysfunction or structural damage in physical organs through inappropriate activation of the involuntary nervous system and the biochemical response. In this framework, this review will consider anxiety disorders, from the perspective of the psychobiological mechanisms of vulnerability to extreme stress in severe chronic illnesses. Psychosomatic medicine is a field of behavioral medicine and a part of the practice of consultation-liaison psychiatry...
August 9, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843452/the-microbiome-as-a-key-regulator-of-brain-behaviour-and-immunity-commentary-on-the-2017-named-series
#3
Michael T Bailey, John F Cryan
The focus on the microbiome for the 2017 Named Series in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity reflects the rapidly growing interest in commensal microbes and the effects that they can have on physiological processes often studied in PsychoNeuroImmunology Research. The studies included in this Named Series show that commensal microbes can impact immune system activity, as well as brain and behavioural processes across the lifespan, and are involved in behavioural and immunological responses to social stresses. The studies also show that dietary effects on brain, behaviour, and immunity often involve alterations of the gut microbiota...
August 23, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818559/-to-boldly-go-where-no-one-has-gone-before
#4
Keith W Kelley
Americans are suffering from a culture of taking pills. Six out of ten Americans utilize at least one prescription drug, and more than one in ten use five or more prescription medicines. Although this torrent of taking pills is already high, drug use in the USA has not yet crested. Prescription drugs have specific targets, but often they adversely affect other tissues and organs. In keeping with the mission of the recently named National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), Brain, Behavior, and Immunity searches for the underlying cause and potential efficacy of both drug and non-drug interventions...
August 14, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652068/epigenomic-susceptibility-to-the-social-world-plausible-paths-to-a-newest-morbidity
#5
W Thomas Boyce
This article-presented on the celebratory occasion of Dr Robert Haggerty's 91st birthday-describes how a 1962 article by Dr Haggerty and his colleague Dr Roger Meyer launched a previously unexplored, pediatric research enterprise by asserting that: "There are little precise data to explain why one person becomes ill with an infecting agent and another not." Noting a prospective association between family stressors and the acquisition of β-hemolytic streptococcal infections, the article introduced a generation of young academic pediatricians-the author of the present article among them-to the possibility of causal linkages among children's adversity exposures, compromised immunological processes, and the development of immune-mediated, acute or chronic diseases of childhood...
August 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600777/psychoneuroimmunology-developments-in-stress-research
#6
REVIEW
Rainer H Straub, Maurizio Cutolo
Links between the central nervous stress system and peripheral immune cells in lymphoid organs have been detailed through 50 years of intensive research. The brain can interfere with the immune system, where chronic psychological stress inhibits many functions of the immune system. On the other hand, chronic peripheral inflammation-whether mild (during aging and psychological stress) or severe (chronic inflammatory diseases)-clearly interferes with brain function, leading to disease sequelae like fatigue but also to overt psychiatric illness...
June 9, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450222/probiotic-treatment-protects-against-the-pro-depressant-like-effect-of-high-fat-diet-in-flinders-sensitive-line-rats
#7
Anders Abildgaard, Betina Elfving, Marianne Hokland, Sten Lund, Gregers Wegener
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is highly associated with dysmetabolic conditions, such as obesity and diabetes mellitus type 2, and the gut microbiota may interact with both disease entities. We have previously shown that a high-fat diet (HFD) exacerbated depressive-like behaviour uniquely in Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rats that inherently present with an increased level of depressive-like behaviour compared with Flinders Resistant Line (FRL) rats. We therefore investigated whether multispecies probiotics possessed anti-depressant-like effect in FSL rats or protected against the pro-depressant-like effect of HFD...
April 25, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151830/religiousness-spirituality-and-salivary-cortisol-in-breast-cancer-survivorship-a-pilot-study
#8
Jennifer M Hulett, Jane M Armer, Emily Leary, Bob R Stewart, Roxanne McDaniel, Kandis Smith, Rami Millspaugh, Joshua Millspaugh
BACKGROUND: Psychoneuroimmunological theory suggests a physiological relationship exists between stress, psychosocial-behavioral factors, and neuroendocrine-immune outcomes; however, evidence has been limited. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this pilot study was to determine feasibility and acceptability of a salivary cortisol self-collection protocol with a mail-back option for breast cancer survivors. A secondary aim was to examine relationships between religiousness/spirituality (R/S), perceptions of health, and diurnal salivary cortisol (DSC) as a proxy measure for neuroendocrine activity...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129680/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-and-its-effects-on-psychoimmunological-factors-of-chemically-pulmonary-injured-veterans
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Zahra Arefnasab, Abdolreza Babamahmoodi, Farhang Babamahmoodi, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Ahmad Alipour, Yunes Panahi, Jamal Shams, Farhad Riazi Rad, Vahid Khaze, Mostafa Ghanei
Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is a treatment program for relieving stress and coping with chronic illnesses. In recent three decades, studies have shown that MBSR has a positive effect on physical and psychological dimensions of chronic illnesses. Chemically pulmonary injured veterans have chronic pulmonary and psychological problems due to mustard gas exposure and complications of Iran-Iraq war. These stresses have negative effects on their general health and immune system. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study conducted on psychoneuroimmunology and MBSR in these patients...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061967/stress-anxiety-and-immunomodulation-a-pharmacological-analysis
#10
A Ray, K Gulati, N Rai
Stress and stressful events are common occurrences in our daily lives and such aversive situations bring about complex changes in the biological system. Such stress responses influence the brain and behavior, neuroendocrine and immune systems, and these responses orchestrate to increase or decrease the ability of the organism to cope with such stressors. The brain via expression of complex behavioral paradigms controls peripheral responses to stress and a bidirectional link exists in the modulation of stress effects...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890661/studying-brain-regulation-of-immunity-with-optogenetics-and-chemogenetics-a-new-experimental-platform
#11
REVIEW
Tamar Ben-Shaanan, Maya Schiller, Asya Rolls
The interactions between the brain and the immune system are bidirectional. Nevertheless, we have far greater understanding of how the immune system affects the brain than how the brain affects immunity. New technological developments such as optogenetics and chemogenetics (using DREADDs; Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs) can bridge this gap in our understanding, as they enable an unprecedented mechanistic and systemic analysis of the communication between the brain and the immune system...
November 24, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765499/neuroendocrine-immune-circuits-phenotypes-and-interactions
#12
REVIEW
Noah T Ashley, Gregory E Demas
Multidirectional interactions among the immune, endocrine, and nervous systems have been demonstrated in humans and non-human animal models for many decades by the biomedical community, but ecological and evolutionary perspectives are lacking. Neuroendocrine-immune interactions can be conceptualized using a series of feedback loops, which culminate into distinct neuroendocrine-immune phenotypes. Behavior can exert profound influences on these phenotypes, which can in turn reciprocally modulate behavior. For example, the behavioral aspects of reproduction, including courtship, aggression, mate selection and parental behaviors can impinge upon neuroendocrine-immune interactions...
January 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728874/associations-among-integrated-psychoneuroimmunological-factors-and-metabolic-syndrome
#13
Yu-Ju Chen, Chin-Ling Lin, Chi-Rong Li, Shih-Ming Huang, James Yi-Hsin Chan, Wen-Hui Fang, Wei-Liang Chen
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been reported to cause considerable psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) disturbances such as, psychological distress, autonomic nervous imbalance, and impaired immune function. Associations among these psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) factors and their integrated effects with MetS and risk components of MetS necessitate further exploration. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated associations among psychoneuroimmunological factors, their integrated effects with MetS and risk components of MetS...
December 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679767/neuroinflammation-and-cytokine-abnormality-in-major-depression-cause-or-consequence-in-that-illness
#14
REVIEW
Sang Won Jeon, Yong Ku Kim
Depression results from changes in the central nervous system (CNS) that may result from immunological abnormalities. The immune system affects the CNS through cytokines, which regulate brain activities and emotions. Cytokines affect two biological systems that are most associated with the pathophysiology of depression: The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the catecholamine/sympathetic nervous system. Neuroinflammation and cytokines affect the brain signal patterns involved in the psychopathology of depression and the mechanisms of antidepressants, and they are associated with neurogenesis and neural plasticity...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640078/the-application-of-protein-microarray-assays-in-psychoneuroimmunology
#15
K Ayling, T Bowden, P Tighe, I Todd, E M Dilnot, O H Negm, L Fairclough, K Vedhara
Protein microarrays are miniaturized multiplex assays that exhibit many advantages over the commonly used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). This article aims to introduce protein microarrays to readers of Brain, Behavior, and Immunity and demonstrate its utility and validity for use in psychoneuroimmunological research. As part of an ongoing investigation of psychological and behavioral influences on influenza vaccination responses, we optimized a novel protein microarray to quantify influenza-specific antibody levels in human sera...
January 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629365/psychoneuroimmunology-of-early-life-stress-the-hidden-wounds-of-childhood-trauma
#16
Andrea Danese, Stephanie J Lewis
The brain and the immune system are not fully formed at birth, but rather continue to mature in response to the postnatal environment. The two-way interaction between the brain and the immune system makes it possible for childhood psychosocial stressors to affect immune system development, which in turn can affect brain development and its long-term functioning. Drawing from experimental animal models and observational human studies, we propose that the psychoneuroimmunology of early-life stress can offer an innovative framework to understand and treat psychopathology linked to childhood trauma...
January 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536207/psychoneuroimmunological-aspects-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-preliminary-report
#17
Dagmara Bartczak, Łukasz Szymański, Paweł Bodera, Wanda Stankiewicz
AIM OF THE STUDY: Due to their prevalence and negative social effects, cardiovascular diseases belong to a group of civilization diseases. Previous research suggests comorbidity of heart diseases, mood disorders and impaired cognitive functioning. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychoneuroimmunological aspects of functioning in patients diagnosed with cardiovascular diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten persons, mean age 48.2 years old, diagnosed with primary hypertension, were studied...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405349/microbiome-and-mental-health-in-the-modern-environment
#18
EDITORIAL
Emily Deans
A revolution in the understanding of the pathophysiology of mental illness combined with new knowledge about host/microbiome interactions and psychoneuroimmunology has opened an entirely new field of study, the "psychobiotics". The modern microbiome is quite changed compared to our ancestral one due to diet, antibiotic exposure, and other environmental factors, and these differences may well impact our brain health. The sheer complexity and scope of how diet, probiotics, prebiotics, and intertwined environmental variables could influence mental health are profound obstacles to an organized and useful study of the microbiome and psychiatric disease...
June 27, 2016: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341824/-psychological-aspects-of-pruritus-and-therapy-options
#19
REVIEW
A Stumpf, C Schut, G Schneider
BACKGROUND: Besides biological factors, which cause or influence chronic pruritus, more and more attention has recently also been paid to psychological and psychoneuroimmunological factors which uphold the symptom. OBJECTIVES: This review article gives an overview of the state of research regarding psychological and psychoneuroimmunological factors and the resulting therapeutic options. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The article is based on a literature search in the PubMed database...
August 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337107/depression-is-associated-with-high-levels-of-c-reactive-protein-and-low-levels-of-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-results-from-the-2007-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#20
M Soledad Cepeda, Paul Stang, Rupa Makadia
OBJECTIVE: Major depressive disorder may be due to psychoneuroimmunological dysfunction, as studies have documented increased levels of a variety of inflammatory mediators in depressed subjects. Nitric oxide (NO) is marker of inflammation, and fractional exhaled NO (FeNO) is a marker of airway inflammation. Plasma NO and FeNO levels have been shown to be lower in subjects with depression in small studies. We sought to assess the association of depression with C-reactive protein (CRP) and FeNO levels in a large and representative sample of the US population...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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