keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychoneuroimmunology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600777/psychoneuroimmunology-developments-in-stress-research
#1
REVIEW
Rainer H Straub, Maurizio Cutolo
Links between the central nervous stress system and peripheral immune cells in lymphoid organs have been detailed through 50 years of intensive research. The brain can interfere with the immune system, where chronic psychological stress inhibits many functions of the immune system. On the other hand, chronic peripheral inflammation-whether mild (during aging and psychological stress) or severe (chronic inflammatory diseases)-clearly interferes with brain function, leading to disease sequelae like fatigue but also to overt psychiatric illness...
June 9, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450222/probiotic-treatment-protects-against-the-pro-depressant-like-effect-of-high-fat-diet-in-flinders-sensitive-line-rats
#2
Anders Abildgaard, Betina Elfving, Marianne Hokland, Sten Lund, Gregers Wegener
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is highly associated with dysmetabolic conditions, such as obesity and diabetes mellitus type 2, and the gut microbiota may interact with both disease entities. We have previously shown that a high-fat diet (HFD) exacerbated depressive-like behaviour uniquely in Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rats that inherently present with an increased level of depressive-like behaviour compared with Flinders Resistant Line (FRL) rats. We therefore investigated whether multispecies probiotics possessed anti-depressant-like effect in FSL rats or protected against the pro-depressant-like effect of HFD...
April 24, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151830/religiousness-spirituality-and-salivary-cortisol-in-breast-cancer-survivorship-a-pilot-study
#3
Jennifer M Hulett, Jane M Armer, Emily Leary, Bob R Stewart, Roxanne McDaniel, Kandis Smith, Rami Millspaugh, Joshua Millspaugh
BACKGROUND: Psychoneuroimmunological theory suggests a physiological relationship exists between stress, psychosocial-behavioral factors, and neuroendocrine-immune outcomes; however, evidence has been limited. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this pilot study was to determine feasibility and acceptability of a salivary cortisol self-collection protocol with a mail-back option for breast cancer survivors. A secondary aim was to examine relationships between religiousness/spirituality (R/S), perceptions of health, and diurnal salivary cortisol (DSC) as a proxy measure for neuroendocrine activity...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129680/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-and-its-effects-on-psychoimmunological-factors-of-chemically-pulmonary-injured-veterans
#4
Zahra Arefnasab, Abdolreza Babamahmoodi, Farhang Babamahmoodi, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Ahmad Alipour, Yunes Panahi, Jamal Shams, Farhad Riazi Rad, Vahid Khaze, Mostafa Ghanei
Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is a treatment program for relieving stress and coping with chronic illnesses. In recent three decades, studies have shown that MBSR has a positive effect on physical and psychological dimensions of chronic illnesses. Chemically pulmonary injured veterans have chronic pulmonary and psychological problems due to mustard gas exposure and complications of Iran-Iraq war. These stresses have negative effects on their general health and immune system. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study conducted on psychoneuroimmunology and MBSR in these patients...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061967/stress-anxiety-and-immunomodulation-a-pharmacological-analysis
#5
A Ray, K Gulati, N Rai
Stress and stressful events are common occurrences in our daily lives and such aversive situations bring about complex changes in the biological system. Such stress responses influence the brain and behavior, neuroendocrine and immune systems, and these responses orchestrate to increase or decrease the ability of the organism to cope with such stressors. The brain via expression of complex behavioral paradigms controls peripheral responses to stress and a bidirectional link exists in the modulation of stress effects...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890661/studying-brain-regulation-of-immunity-with-optogenetics-and-chemogenetics-a-new-experimental-platform
#6
REVIEW
Tamar Ben-Shaanan, Maya Schiller, Asya Rolls
The interactions between the brain and the immune system are bidirectional. Nevertheless, we have far greater understanding of how the immune system affects the brain than how the brain affects immunity. New technological developments such as optogenetics and chemogenetics (using DREADDs; Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs) can bridge this gap in our understanding, as they enable an unprecedented mechanistic and systemic analysis of the communication between the brain and the immune system...
November 24, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765499/neuroendocrine-immune-circuits-phenotypes-and-interactions
#7
REVIEW
Noah T Ashley, Gregory E Demas
Multidirectional interactions among the immune, endocrine, and nervous systems have been demonstrated in humans and non-human animal models for many decades by the biomedical community, but ecological and evolutionary perspectives are lacking. Neuroendocrine-immune interactions can be conceptualized using a series of feedback loops, which culminate into distinct neuroendocrine-immune phenotypes. Behavior can exert profound influences on these phenotypes, which can in turn reciprocally modulate behavior. For example, the behavioral aspects of reproduction, including courtship, aggression, mate selection and parental behaviors can impinge upon neuroendocrine-immune interactions...
January 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728874/associations-among-integrated-psychoneuroimmunological-factors-and-metabolic-syndrome
#8
Yu-Ju Chen, Chin-Ling Lin, Chi-Rong Li, Shih-Ming Huang, James Yi-Hsin Chan, Wen-Hui Fang, Wei-Liang Chen
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been reported to cause considerable psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) disturbances such as, psychological distress, autonomic nervous imbalance, and impaired immune function. Associations among these psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) factors and their integrated effects with MetS and risk components of MetS necessitate further exploration. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated associations among psychoneuroimmunological factors, their integrated effects with MetS and risk components of MetS...
December 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679767/neuroinflammation-and-cytokine-abnormality-in-major-depression-cause-or-consequence-in-that-illness
#9
REVIEW
Sang Won Jeon, Yong Ku Kim
Depression results from changes in the central nervous system (CNS) that may result from immunological abnormalities. The immune system affects the CNS through cytokines, which regulate brain activities and emotions. Cytokines affect two biological systems that are most associated with the pathophysiology of depression: The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the catecholamine/sympathetic nervous system. Neuroinflammation and cytokines affect the brain signal patterns involved in the psychopathology of depression and the mechanisms of antidepressants, and they are associated with neurogenesis and neural plasticity...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640078/the-application-of-protein-microarray-assays-in-psychoneuroimmunology
#10
K Ayling, T Bowden, P Tighe, I Todd, E M Dilnot, O H Negm, L Fairclough, K Vedhara
Protein microarrays are miniaturized multiplex assays that exhibit many advantages over the commonly used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). This article aims to introduce protein microarrays to readers of Brain, Behavior, and Immunity and demonstrate its utility and validity for use in psychoneuroimmunological research. As part of an ongoing investigation of psychological and behavioral influences on influenza vaccination responses, we optimized a novel protein microarray to quantify influenza-specific antibody levels in human sera...
January 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629365/psychoneuroimmunology-of-early-life-stress-the-hidden-wounds-of-childhood-trauma
#11
Andrea Danese, Stephanie J Lewis
The brain and the immune system are not fully formed at birth, but rather continue to mature in response to the postnatal environment. The two-way interaction between the brain and the immune system makes it possible for childhood psychosocial stressors to affect immune system development, which in turn can affect brain development and its long-term functioning. Drawing from experimental animal models and observational human studies, we propose that the psychoneuroimmunology of early-life stress can offer an innovative framework to understand and treat psychopathology linked to childhood trauma...
January 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536207/psychoneuroimmunological-aspects-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-preliminary-report
#12
Dagmara Bartczak, Łukasz Szymański, Paweł Bodera, Wanda Stankiewicz
AIM OF THE STUDY: Due to their prevalence and negative social effects, cardiovascular diseases belong to a group of civilization diseases. Previous research suggests comorbidity of heart diseases, mood disorders and impaired cognitive functioning. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychoneuroimmunological aspects of functioning in patients diagnosed with cardiovascular diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten persons, mean age 48.2 years old, diagnosed with primary hypertension, were studied...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405349/microbiome-and-mental-health-in-the-modern-environment
#13
EDITORIAL
Emily Deans
A revolution in the understanding of the pathophysiology of mental illness combined with new knowledge about host/microbiome interactions and psychoneuroimmunology has opened an entirely new field of study, the "psychobiotics". The modern microbiome is quite changed compared to our ancestral one due to diet, antibiotic exposure, and other environmental factors, and these differences may well impact our brain health. The sheer complexity and scope of how diet, probiotics, prebiotics, and intertwined environmental variables could influence mental health are profound obstacles to an organized and useful study of the microbiome and psychiatric disease...
June 27, 2016: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341824/-psychological-aspects-of-pruritus-and-therapy-options
#14
REVIEW
A Stumpf, C Schut, G Schneider
BACKGROUND: Besides biological factors, which cause or influence chronic pruritus, more and more attention has recently also been paid to psychological and psychoneuroimmunological factors which uphold the symptom. OBJECTIVES: This review article gives an overview of the state of research regarding psychological and psychoneuroimmunological factors and the resulting therapeutic options. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The article is based on a literature search in the PubMed database...
August 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337107/depression-is-associated-with-high-levels-of-c-reactive-protein-and-low-levels-of-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-results-from-the-2007-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#15
M Soledad Cepeda, Paul Stang, Rupa Makadia
OBJECTIVE: Major depressive disorder may be due to psychoneuroimmunological dysfunction, as studies have documented increased levels of a variety of inflammatory mediators in depressed subjects. Nitric oxide (NO) is marker of inflammation, and fractional exhaled NO (FeNO) is a marker of airway inflammation. Plasma NO and FeNO levels have been shown to be lower in subjects with depression in small studies. We sought to assess the association of depression with C-reactive protein (CRP) and FeNO levels in a large and representative sample of the US population...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27319972/microbes-immunity-and-behavior-psychoneuroimmunology-meets-the-microbiome
#16
Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
There is now a large volume of evidence to support the view that the immune system is a key communication pathway between the gut and brain, which plays an important role in stress-related psychopathologies and thus provides a potentially fruitful target for psychotropic intervention. The gut microbiota is a complex ecosystem with a diverse range of organisms and a sophisticated genomic structure. Bacteria within the gut are estimated to weigh in excess of 1 kg in the adult human and the microbes within not only produce antimicrobial peptides, short chain fatty acids, and vitamins, but also most of the common neurotransmitters found in the human brain...
January 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282585/psychodermatology-basics-concepts
#17
REVIEW
Mohammad Jafferany, Katlein Franca
Psychodermatology is a relatively new field of medicine. It encompasses the interaction of mind and skin. The role of psychoneuroimmunology in the causation of psychocutaneous disorders and psychosocial aspects of skin disease have gained momentum lately. The treatment of psychodermatological disorders focus on improving function, reducing physical distress, diagnosing and treating depression and anxiety associated with skin disease, managing social isolation and improving self esteem of the patient. Both pharmacological and psychological interventions are used in treating psychocutaneous disorders...
August 23, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282344/psychoneuroimmunology-and-the-skin
#18
REVIEW
Juan F Honeyman
The nervous, immune, endocrine and integumentary systems are closely related and interact in a number of normal and pathological conditions. Nervous system mediators may bring about direct changes to the skin or may induce the release of immunological or hormonal mediators that cause pathological changes to the skin. This article reviews the psychological mechanisms involved in the development of skin diseases.
August 23, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151592/a-systematic-review-of-spiritually-based-interventions-and-psychoneuroimmunological-outcomes-in-breast-cancer-survivorship
#19
REVIEW
Jennifer M Hulett, Jane M Armer
Objective This is a review of spiritually based interventions (eg, mindfulness-based stress reduction) that utilized psychoneuroimmunological (PNI) outcome measures in breast cancer survivors. Specifically, this review sought to examine the evidence regarding relationships between spiritually based interventions, psychosocial-spiritual outcomes, and biomarker outcomes in breast cancer survivors. Methods A systematic search of 9 online databases was conducted for articles of original research, peer-reviewed, randomized and nonrandomized control trials from 2005-2015...
December 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26972185/stressed-skin-a-molecular-psychosomatic-update-on-stress-causes-and-effects-in-dermatologic-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Eva M J Peters
A pathogenetically relevant link between stress, in terms of psychosocial stress, and disease was first described in the 1970s, when it was proven that viral diseases of mucous membranes (such as rhinovirus and Coxsackie virus infections) develop faster and more severe after stress exposure. Since then, there has been an annual increase in the number of publications which investigate this relationship and break it down to the molecular level. Nevertheless, the evidences for the impact of psychosocial stress on chronic inflammatory skin diseases and skin tumors are hardly known...
March 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
keyword
keyword
11898
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"