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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422004/performance-of-influenza-case-definitions-for-influenza-community-surveillance-based-on-the-french-influenza-surveillance-network-grog-2009-2014
#1
Jean-Sebastien Casalegno, Daniel Eibach, Martine Valette, Vincent Enouf, Isabelle Daviaud, Sylvie Behillil, Astrid Vabret, Jean Claude Soulary, Mehdi Benchaib, Jean Marie Cohen, Sylvie van der Werf, Anne Mosnier, Bruno Lina
International case definitions recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), and the World Health Organization (WHO) are commonly used for influenza surveillance. We evaluated clinical factors associated with the laboratory-confirmed diagnosis of influenza and the performance of these influenza case definitions by using a complete dataset of 14,994 patients with acute respiratory infection (ARI) from whom a specimen was collected between August 2009 and April 2014 by the Groupes Régionaux d'Observation de la Grippe (GROG), a French national influenza surveillance network...
April 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403114/prevalence-of-inappropriate-antibiotic-prescriptions-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-2011
#2
Kentaro Iwata, Takahiko Fukuchi, Midori Hirai, Kenichi Yoshimura, Yasuhiro Kanatani
Few studies have investigated the appropriateness of antibiotic use in postdisaster settings. We retrospectively evaluated clinical databases on health care delivered at clinics near shelters set up after the Great East Japan Earthquake, 2011. We defined appropriate, acceptable, and inappropriate antibiotic use for each diagnostic category, by applying and adopting precedent studies and clinical guidelines. From March to July, 2011, a total of 23,704 clinic visits occurred at 98 shelters with 7934 residents...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397057/clinical-application-analysis-of-andrographolide-total-ester-sulfonate-injection-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-licensed-in-china
#3
Ying Zhao, Pu Huang, Zhe Chen, Si-Wei Zheng, Jin-Yang Yu, Chen Shi
Andrographolide total ester sulfonate (ATES) injection is one of the products of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) currently used against viral infection in China. ATES injection was approved for manufacturing and marketing in January 2002. It is indicated for acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, influenza, foot and mouth disease, bronchiolitis, herpangina, mumps, infectious mononucleosis and psychosis. However, its usage also carries risk. We investigated the use of ATES at the Wuhan Union Hospital from January 2014 to December 2014 and evaluated its real-world clinical application using the hospital centralized monitoring method...
April 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395688/cross-sectional-evaluation-of-the-bronchitis-severity-score-in-egyptian-children-a-move-to-reduce-antibiotics
#4
E M I Moawad, M A E Haron, R M A Maher, E A A Abdallah, H Hussein, N M Badawy, M E A El-Rheem
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of limited benefit of antibiotics in acute bronchitis, most paediatric patients are prescribed them. OBJECTIVES: To assess the validity of the Bronchitis Severity Score (BSS) in assessing the clinical response to treatment of acute bronchitis, and determine whether clinical data and basic laboratory measurements can be used to guide antibiotic prescription. METHODS: We enrolled 200 patients (age range 6 months - 12 years) with clinically diagnosed acute bronchitis...
March 29, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376538/-hepatic-manifestation-of-a-macrophage-activation-syndrome-mas
#5
Michael Nagel, Andreas Schwarting, Beate K Straub, Peter R Galle, Tim Zimmermann
Background Elevated liver values are the most common pathological laboratory result in Germany. Frequent findings, especially in younger patients, are nutritive- or medicamentous- toxic reasons, viral or autoimmune hepatitis. A macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) may manifest like a viral infectious disease with fever, hepatosplenomegaly and pancytopenia and is associated with a high mortality. It is based on an enhanced activation of macrophages with increased cytokine release, leading to organ damage and multi-organ failure...
April 4, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376442/prevalence-of-atypical-pathogens-in-patients-with-cough-and-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Christian Marchello, Ariella Perry Dale, Thuy Nhu Thai, Duk Soo Han, Mark H Ebell
PURPOSE: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), acute cough, bronchitis, and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) are often caused by infections with viruses or Streptococcus pneumoniae. The prevalence of atypical pathogens Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila, and Bordetella pertussis among patients with these illnesses in the ambulatory setting has not been previously summarized. We set out to derive prevalence information from the existing literature...
November 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375571/hla-mismatching-favoring-host-versus-graft-nk-cell-activity-via-kir3dl1-is-associated-with-improved-outcomes-following-lung-transplantation
#7
John R Greenland, Haibo Sun, Daniel Calabrese, Tiffany Chong, Jonathan P Singer, Jasleen Kukreja, Steven R Hays, Jeffrey A Golden, George H Caughey, Jeffrey M Venstrom, Raja Rajalinginam
Chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) is linked to rejection and limits survival following lung transplantation. HLA-Bw4 recipients of HLA-Bw6 grafts have enhanced host-versus-graft (HVG) NK cell activity mediated by KIR3DL1 ligand. Because natural killer (NK) cells may promote tolerance by depleting antigen-presenting cells, we hypothesized improved outcomes for HLA-Bw4 recipients of HLA-Bw6 grafts. We evaluated differences in acute cellular rejection (ACR) and CLAD-free survival across 252 KIR3DL1+ recipients from UCSF...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350820/antibiotic-prescribing-for-acute-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-lrti-guideline-adherence-in-the-german-primary-care-setting-an-analysis-of-routine-data
#8
Eva Maria Kraus, Steffen Pelzl, Joachim Szecsenyi, Gunter Laux
OBJECTIVES: Antibiotic overprescribing in primary care has major impacts on the development of antibiotic resistance. The objective of this study is to provide insight in antibiotics prescriptions for patients suffering from cough, acute bronchitis or community acquired pneumonia in primary care. METHODS: Data from 2009 to 2013 of electronic health records of 12,880 patients in Germany were obtained from a research database. The prescription of antibiotics for acute lower respiratory tract infections was compared to the national S3 guideline cough from the German Society of General Practitioners and Family Medicine...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344493/volatile-constituents-and-biological-activities-of-the-leaf-and-root-of-echinacea-species-from-south-africa
#9
M Nyalambisa, I A Oyemitan, R Matewu, O O Oyedeji, O S Oluwafemi, S P Songca, B N Nkeh-Chungag, A O Oyedeji
Echinacea is used ethnomedicinally for the treatment of various diseases such as cough, respiratory infections, and bronchitis among other uses in Eastern Cape region of South Africa. This study evaluated the volatile components of the essential oil of the plant, its toxicity, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities in rodents. Dried leaf and root of the plant were separately processed by hydrodistillation for 4 h and their essential oils (EOs) were collected. Extracted oils were subjected to GC/GC-MS analysis...
March 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335827/management-of-acute-respiratory-diseases-in-the-pediatric-population-the-role-of-oral-corticosteroids
#10
REVIEW
Renato Cutrera, Eugenio Baraldi, Luciana Indinnimeo, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Giorgio Piacentini, Francesco Scaglione, Nicola Ullmann, Laura Moschino, Francesca Galdo, Marzia Duse
Respiratory diseases account for about 25% of all pediatric consultations, and 10% of these are for asthma. The other main pediatric respiratory diseases, in terms of incidence, are bronchiolitis, acute bronchitis and respiratory infections. Oral corticosteroids, in particular prednisolone, are often used to treat acute respiratory diseases given their anti-inflammatory effects. However, the efficacy of treatment with oral corticosteroids differs among the various types of pediatric respiratory diseases. Notably, also the adverse effects of corticosteroid treatment can differ depending on dosage, duration of treatment and type of corticosteroid administered - a case in point being growth retardation in long-course treatment...
March 23, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294675/-tumor-of-posterior-mediastinum-rare-case-of-extramedullar-myelolipoma
#11
Tamás Zombori, Noémi Tóth, József Furák, Zsolt Berényi, László Tiszlavicz
CASE REPORT: A 71-year-old male with acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis was treated in summer of 2015. The CT scan has revealed a mass on the right side of 11th thoracic vertebra in the adipose tissue with a sharp edge towards the lung and containing a small amount of contrast agent. The radiologist recommended histological sampling of the mass. The tumor was removed by Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) in August of 2015. The patient was discharged on the fifth postoperative day without complication...
March 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284326/effects-of-particulate-matter-on-respiratory-disease-and-the-impact-of-meteorological-factors-in-busan-korea
#12
Eun-Jung Jo, Woo-Seop Lee, Hyun-Young Jo, Chang-Hoon Kim, Jung-Seop Eom, Jeong-Ha Mok, Mi-Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki-Uk Kim, Min-Ki Lee, Hye-Kyung Park
BACKGROUND: Both air pollution and weather impact hospitalization for respiratory diseases. However, few studies have investigated the contribution of weather to hospitalization related to the adverse effects of air pollution. This study analyzed the effects of particulate matter (PM) on daily respiratory-related hospital admissions, taking into account meteorological factors. METHODS: Daily hospital admissions for respiratory diseases (acute bronchitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma) between 2007 and 2010 were extracted from the National Health Insurance Corporation, Korea...
March 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279802/prevention-of-influenza-virus-induced-bacterial-superinfection-by-standardized-echinacea-purpurea-via-regulation-of-surface-receptor-expression-in-human-bronchial-epithelial-cells
#13
Selvarani Vimalanathan, Roland Schoop, Andy Suter, James Hudson
Viral infections may predispose the airways to secondary bacterial infections that can lead to unfavorable progression of principally self-limiting illnesses. Such complicated respiratory infections include pneumonia, bronchitis, sinusitis, acute otitis media, and sepsis, which cause high morbidity and lethality. Some of the pathogenic consequences of viral infections, like the expression of bacterial adhesion receptors and the disturbance of physical barrier integrity due to inflammation, may create permissive conditions for co-infections...
March 7, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277874/efficacy-and-safety-of-hl301-in-the-treatment-of-acute-bronchitis-and-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-bronchitis-a-phase-2-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicenter-study
#14
Myung Jae Park, Chin Kook Rhee, Yee Hyung Kim, Do Jin Kim, Dong Gyu Kim, Sang Yeub Lee, Jae Yeol Kim
PURPOSE: The efficacy and safety of Chinese herbs for symptomatic treatment of bronchitis is not well established. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of a combination product of seven herbs (HL301) for the treatment of acute bronchitis (AB) and acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis (AECB) using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial design. METHODS: A total of 160 patients with AB or with AECB were randomized to receive placebo or one of three doses of HL301 (0...
May 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277045/antibiotic-prescribing-in-relation-to-diagnoses-and-consultation-rates-in-belgium-the-netherlands-and-sweden-use-of-european-quality-indicators
#15
Mia Tyrstrup, Alike van der Velden, Sven Engstrom, Geert Goderis, Sigvard Molstad, Theo Verheij, Samuel Coenen, Niels Adriaenssens
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of antibiotic prescribing in primary care in Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden using European disease-specific antibiotic prescribing quality indicators (APQI) and taking into account the threshold to consult and national guidelines. DESIGN: A retrospective observational database study. SETTING: Routine primary health care registration networks in Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden. SUBJECTS: All consultations for one of seven acute infections [upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), sinusitis, tonsillitis, otitis media, bronchitis, pneumonia and cystitis] and the antibiotic prescriptions in 2012 corresponding to these diagnoses...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274369/effect-of-diurnal-temperature-range-on-the-outpatient-visits-for-acute-bronchitis-in-children-a%C3%A2-time-series-study-in-hefei-china
#16
M-Y Xie, H Ni, D-S Zhao, J Cheng, L-Y Wen, K-S Li, H-H Yang, S-S Wang, H Zhang, X Wang, H Su
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between diurnal temperature range (DTR) and outpatient visits for childhood acute bronchitis (AB) in Hefei, China, to analyze whether DTR effect was delayed, and to explore the susceptible populations. STUDY DESIGN: An ecological study. METHODS: A Poisson generalized linear regression model combined with a distributed lag non-linear model was used to analyze the relationship between DTR and childhood AB from Hefei, China during 2010-2013, after adjusting for long-term trend and seasonality, mean temperature and relative humidity...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257598/structural-basis-for-dimerization-and-rna-binding-of-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-nsp9
#17
Tingting Hu, Cheng Chen, Huiyan Li, Yanshu Dou, Ming Zhou, Deren Lu, Qi Zong, Yulei Li, Cheng Yang, Zhihui Zhong, Namit Singh, Honggang Hu, Rundong Zhang, Haitao Yang, Dan Su
The potential for infection by coronaviruses (CoVs) has become a serious concern with the recent emergence of Middle East respiratory syndrome and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in the human population. CoVs encode two large polyproteins, which are then processed into 15-16 nonstructural proteins (nsps) that make significant contributions to viral replication and transcription by assembling the RNA replicase complex. Among them, nsp9 plays an essential role in viral replication by forming a homodimer that binds single-stranded RNA...
March 3, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230273/comparison-of-pathogen-eradication-rate-and-safety-of-anti-bacterial-agents-for-bronchitis-a-network-meta-analysis
#18
Jinghua Wang, Haiyang Xu, Dunwei Wang, Mingxian Li
OBJECTIVE: A large number of population in both developing and developed countries are affected by bronchitis, among all the factors, bacterial infection was considered as a critical cause of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. Although several anti-bacterial agents were proved to have the effect of alleviating bronchitis, their relative efficacies and potential side effects remained not clear. We are keen to compare the pathogen eradication rate and safety of anti-bacterial agents for bronchitis...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220736/antibiotic-prescription-patterns-of-south-african-general-medical-practitioners-for-treatment-of-acute-bronchitis
#19
N B Q Ncube, G C Solanki, T Kredo, R Lalloo
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a significant public health problem. Prudent use of antibiotics is crucial in reducing this resistance. Acute bronchitis is a common reason for consultations with general medical practitioners, and antibiotics are often prescribed even though guidelines recommend not prescribing them for uncomplicated acute bronchitis. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the antibiotic prescription patterns of South African (SA) general medical practitioners in the treatment of acute bronchitis...
January 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213342/virtual-visits-for-acute-nonurgent-care-a-claims-analysis-of-episode-level-utilization
#20
Aliza S Gordon, Wallace C Adamson, Andrea R DeVries
BACKGROUND: Expansion of virtual health care-real-time video consultation with a physician via the Internet-will continue as use of mobile devices and patient demand for immediate, convenient access to care grow. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to analyze the care provided and the cost of virtual visits over a 3-week episode compared with in-person visits to retail health clinics (RHC), urgent care centers (UCC), emergency departments (ED), or primary care physicians (PCP) for acute, nonurgent conditions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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