keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

acute bronchitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929588/bioactive-compounds-of-shuang-huang-lian-prescription-and-an-insight-into-its-binding-mechanism-by-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-chromatography-coupled-with-site-directed-molecular-docking
#1
Jing Wang, Fengwu Li, Kaizhu Zeng, Qian Li, Xinfeng Zhao, Xiaohui Zheng
Owing to the promising clinical efficacy and relatively simple composition, Shuang-Huang-Lian prescription is widely prescribed for the treatment of acute upper respiratory tract infection and acute bronchitis in practice. This necessitates the understanding of the bioactive compounds of the prescription and their binding mechanism to β2-adrenoceptor, which mediates the aforementioned ailments. In this work, a column containing immobilized β2-adrenoceptor was prepared using a diazonium salt reaction. The bioactive compound collected from the β2-adrenoceptor column was identified as chlorogenic acid by using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with ion trap mass spectrometry...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929236/-criteria-for-treating-mrsa-in-sputum
#2
REVIEW
J Lorenz, M Unnewehr, B Schaaf, S Gatermann
Methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are of particular significance for the management of patients with airway infections, since the disease course is often complicated and treatment rendered difficult by multiple resistance. Their prevalence is now slowly declining, but still alarmingly high. Hospital-acquired infections are predominant, but hospital-associated and community-acquired infections do occur, as do rare infections with livestock-acquired strains. Non-nosocomial strains are characterized by different pathogenic factors and a different spectrum of antibacterial resistance; they often have a threatening disease course...
September 19, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923049/roflumilast-reverses-cftr-mediated-ion-transport-dysfunction-in-cigarette-smoke-exposed-mice
#3
S Vamsee Raju, Lawrence Rasmussen, Peter A Sloane, Li Ping Tang, Emily Falk Libby, Steven M Rowe
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) can be elicited by cigarette smoke and is observed in patients with chronic bronchitis. We have previously demonstrated in human airway epithelial cell monolayers that roflumilast, a clinically approved phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor that reduces the risk of exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with chronic bronchitis and a history of exacerbations, activates CFTR-dependent chloride secretion via a cAMP-mediated pathway, partially restores the detrimental effects of cigarette smoke on CFTR-mediated ion transport, and increases CFTR-dependent gastrointestinal fluid secretion in isolated murine intestine segments...
September 18, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914860/-new-opportunities-for-inhaled-therapy-for-inflammatory-diseases-of-the-respiratory-system
#4
G L Ignatova, V N Antonov
The paper considers current approaches to mucoregulatory therapy for various inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system. It gives the advantages and disadvantages of common drugs used in their treatment. Emphasis is laid on the use of inhaled hypertonic saline of NaCl in combination with hyaluronic acid (Hyaneb). Clinical examples of its use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, acute and chronic bronchitis, and severe asthma are considered.
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891268/pediatric-respiratory-tract-diseases-chronological-trends-and-perspectives
#5
Houda Ben Ayed, Sourour Yaïch, Maïssa Ben Jmaa, Jihene Jedidi, Mariem Ben Hmida, Maroua Trigui, Mondher Kassis, Raouf Karray, Yosra Mejdoub, Habib Feki, Jamel Damak
BACKGROUND: We aimed to draw the epidemiological profile of respiratory tract diseases (RTD) among children in the region of Sfax and to evaluate their current trends over a 13-year period. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study including all children hospitalized with RTD aged under 14 years. We collected data from the regional morbidity register of the university hospital of Sfax from 2003 to 2015. RESULTS: We included 10797 cases with RTD among 49880 pediatric hospitalizations (21...
September 10, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860862/early-rehospitalizations-of-frail-elderly-patients-the-role-of-medications-a-clinical-prospective-observational-trial
#6
Niklas Ekerstad, Kristoffer Bylin, Björn W Karlson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Early readmissions of frail elderly patients after an episode of hospital care are common and constitute a crucial patient safety outcome. Our purpose was to study the impact of medications on such early rehospitalizations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a clinical, prospective, observational study on rehospitalizations within 30 days after an acute hospital episode for frail patients over the age of 75 years. To identify adverse drug reactions (ADRs), underuse of evidence-based treatment and avoidability of rehospitalizations, the Naranjo score, the Hallas criteria and clinical judgment were used...
2017: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859019/age-specific-antibiotic-prescribing-and-adherence-to-guidelines-in-pediatric-patients-in-primary-care
#7
Verica Ivanovska, Karin Hek, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse, Hubert G M Leufkens, Liset van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Most antibiotics in children are used to treat viral and self-limiting conditions. This study aims to compare physicians' adherence to guidelines on antibiotic prescribing in fever and in ear and respiratory infections to children in different age groups in the Netherlands. METHODS: Data were used from the NIVEL Primary Care Database. For all pediatric episodes of fever, acute otitis media (AOM), streptococcal pharyngitis (strep throat), sinusitis, acute tonsillitis, acute bronchitis/bronchiolitis and pneumonia in 2012, we determined whether national guidelines were followed in regard to whether an antibiotic was prescribed, and the type of antibiotic...
August 28, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844810/-respiratory-diseases-in-black-african-carceral-area
#8
Y Toloba, D Soumaré, K Ouattara, T Kanouté, O Boré, O Dolo, B Baya, G Berthé, S Diallo
INTRODUCTION: The measures for people in specific situations such as prisoners are part of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The objective of this study was to assess respiratory pathologies in a black African carceral center. METHODS: Retrospective study about the prevalence of respiratory pathologies in the arrest central house for men in Bamako (Mali), from May 2012 to April 2013. The admission records have served as data checking support on detainee's records...
August 24, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814419/chronic-cough-postacute-respiratory-illness-in-children-a-cohort-study
#9
Kerry-Ann F O'Grady, Benjamin J Drescher, Vikas Goyal, Natalie Phillips, Jason Acworth, Julie M Marchant, Anne B Chang
OBJECTIVE: Data on the aetiology of persistent cough at the transitional stage from subacute to chronic cough (>4 weeks duration) are scarce. We aimed to (1) identify the prevalence of chronic cough following acute respiratory illness (ARI) and (2) determine the diagnostic outcomes of children with chronic cough. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A paediatric emergency department (ED) in Brisbane, Australia. PATIENTS: Children aged <15 years presenting with an ARI with cough...
August 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810628/use-of-aerosol-inhalation-treatment-with-budesonide-and-terbutaline-sulfate-on-acute-pediatric-asthmatic-bronchitis
#10
Fangfang Bian, Yue-E Wu, Chong-Lin Zhang
The use of oxygen-driven aerosol inhalation therapy with budesonide (suspension) and terbutaline sulfate for the treatment of pediatric asthmatic bronchitis was studied. Sixty pediatric patients diagnosed with asthmatic bronchitis in Xuzhou Children's Hospital during the period comprising April 2013 to December 2015 were enrolled in the study. After randomly dividing the patients into a control (conventional dexamethasone drip) and a treatment group (inhalation of budesonide with terbutaline sulfate) of 30 patients each, the symptoms were treated using antibiotics when necessary...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#11
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802586/nontypeable-haemophilus-influenzae-nthi-directly-interfere-with-the-regulation-of-e-cadherin-in-lung-epithelial-cells
#12
Inga Kaufhold, Sünja Osbahr, Kensuke Shima, Sebastian Marwitz, Kristina Rohmann, Daniel Drömann, Torsten Goldmann, Klaus Dalhoff, Jan Rupp
Loss of epithelial barriers characterized by reduction of E-cadherin is a hallmark of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We investigated the effects of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) infections, associated with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, on the regulation of E-cadherin in host cells. NTHi infection decreased E-cadherin mRNA and protein-levels in lung epithelial cells. E-cadherin reduction was mediated by activation of the fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and Slug...
August 10, 2017: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790809/clinical-characteristics-of-chronic-bronchitic-emphysematous-and-acos-phenotypes-in-copd-patients-with-frequent-exacerbations
#13
Yusheng Cheng, Xiongwen Tu, Linlin Pan, Shuai Lu, Ming Xing, Linlin Li, Xingwu Chen
PURPOSE: Chronic bronchitis (CB), emphysematous (EM) and asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) phenotypes in COPD are well recognized. This study aimed to investigate distinguishing characteristics of these phenotypes in COPD patients with frequent exacerbations (FE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out. COPD patients with acute exacerbations were consecutively reviewed from November 2015 to October 2016...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701117/antibiotics-for-acute-respiratory-infections-in-general-practice-comparison-of-prescribing-rates-with-guideline-recommendations
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Amanda R McCullough, Allan J Pollack, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Paul P Glasziou, David Fm Looke, Helena C Britt, Christopher B Del Mar
OBJECTIVE: To compare the current rate of antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in Australian general practice with the recommendations in the most widely consulted therapeutic guidelines in Australia (Therapeutic Guidelines). DESIGN AND SETTING: Comparison of general practice activity data for April 2010 - March 2015 (derived from Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health [BEACH] study) with estimated rates of prescribing recommended by Therapeutic Guidelines...
July 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692781/depression-as-a-risk-factor-of-organic-diseases-an-international-integrative-review
#15
Teodora Bica, Ruth Castelló, Loren L Toussaint, Pilar Montesó-Curto
PURPOSE AND DESIGN: This integrative review offers a systematic synthesis of the international literature regarding the role of depression as a risk factor in physical illnesses and the mechanisms of this connection. Special attention is paid to those modifiable factors. FINDINGS: Published studies of depression and physical illness and disease(N = 24) from five countries that were indexed in PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), APA PsycNET, Scopus, Dialnet, and CUIDEN were examined...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689232/co-circulation-of-three-clusters-of-793-b-like-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-genotypes-in-iranian-chicken-flocks
#16
Ali Yousefzadeh Kalokhoran, Arash Ghalyanchilangeroudi, Hossein Hosseini, Omid Madadgar, Vahid Karimi, Masoud Hashemzadeh, Parvaneh Hesari, Mohammad Taha Zabihi Petroudi, Hamideh Najafi
Avian infectious bronchitis (IB) is an acute and highly contagious viral disease causing severe economic losses in the poultry industry. The 793/B IB virus is an important infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) genotype currently circulating in several countries, including Iran. One hundred confirmed IBV samples (between 2014 and 2015; from 15 provinces in Iran) were selected for genotyping based on S1 sequencing. After phylogenetic analysis, it was found that 30% of the IBV isolates belonged to the 793/B genotype...
July 8, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685552/observation-of-the-effects-of-the-suhuang-zhike-capsule-on-acute-bronchitis
#17
J Yang
Acute bronchitis is one of the most common diseases in the world. The Suhuang Zhike capsule is a part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) that was approved to treat acute bronchitis. In order to study the clinical effects of the Suhuang Zhike capsule on acute bronchitis subjects, the clinical data of 96 patients from the Department of Lung Disease of Zhengzhou Traditional Chinese Hospital from June 2014 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were randomly divided into a control group and a Suhuang Zhike capsule treatment group, each with 48 cases...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671384/beta2-agonists-for-acute-cough-or-a-clinical-diagnosis-of-acute-bronchitis
#18
William E Cayley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668647/toxicological-evaluation-of-the-aqueous-whole-plant-extract-of-aerva-lanata-l-juss-ex-schult-amaranthaceae
#19
Kayode S Omotoso, Flora R Aigbe, Olanrewaju A Salako, Micah C Chijioke, Oluwafunmilayo O Adeyemi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aerva lanata (L.) of the family Amaranthaceae is a Nigerian medicinal plant used traditionally for the management of lithiasis, headache, renal disorder, haematemesis, bronchitis, nasal bleeding, cough, scorpion stings, fractures and spermatorrhoea. Studies that show the pharmacological basis for some of such uses have been reported. There is, however, no scientific report on its toxicity profile to the best of our knowledge. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was therefore aimed at investigating the toxicity profile of the aqueous extract of Aerva lanata...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650326/to-evaluate-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-cofnovex-plus-ema-syrup
#20
Zubair Ali, Muhammad Daniyal, Muhammad Khalid Adhia, Anees Alam, Babar Sarfaraz, Abdul Sattar, Khan Usmanghani
The cough and cold are very widespread conditions and a common purpose for advice in general practice. Utmost often the sign and symptoms of cough are produced by acute viral airway infection and the course is frequently benign. But it can be converted into bacterial super-infection and can cause acute bronchitis. Herbal medicines are used to treat symptoms of the cough and cold, and among these medicines Ivy leaf is used to treat mucous discharge and irritation in throat due to the cough and cold. In addition to synthetic substances such as acetylcysteine, carbocisteins, ambroxol and bromhexine, herbal medicines contain saponins, which are used in these indications...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
keyword
keyword
118953
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"