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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086866/perceptions-and-utilization-of-generic-medicines-in-guatemala-a-mixed-methods-study-with-physicians-and-pharmacy-staff
#1
David Flood, Irène Mathieu, Anita Chary, Pablo García, Peter Rohloff
BACKGROUND: Access to low-cost essential generic medicines is a critical health policy goal in low-and-middle income countries (LMICs). Guatemala is an LMIC where there is both limited availability and affordability of these medications. However, attitudes of physicians and pharmacy staff regarding low-cost generics, especially generics for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), have not been fully explored in Guatemala. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 30 pharmacy staff and 12 physicians in several highland towns in Guatemala were conducted...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077742/colonization-factors-in-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-strains-in-travelers-to-mexico-guatemala-and-india-compared-with-children-in-houston-texas
#2
Vineetkumar B Kharat, Makhdum Ahmed, Zhi-Dong Jiang, Mark S Riddle, Herbert L DuPont
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) can be attributed to around 200 million diarrheal episodes and 380,000 deaths in the developing regions. Travelers' diarrhea occurs in 15-40% of travelers to developing regions with ETEC being the most important etiologic agent. This study aims to describe the distribution of enterotoxins and colonization factor (CF) profiles of ETEC isolates from stool samples of adult travelers acquiring diarrhea in Mexico, Guatemala, and India and a group of children with acute diarrhea in Houston, TX, between 2007 and 2012...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076577/chronic-kidney-disease-of-nontraditional-etiology-in-central-america-a-provisional-epidemiologic-case-definition-for-surveillance-and-epidemiologic-studies
#3
Matthew Lozier, Reina Maria Turcios-Ruiz, Gary Noonan, Pedro Ordunez
SYNOPSIS Over the last two decades, experts have reported a rising number of deaths caused by chronic kidney disease (CKD) along the Pacific coast of Central America, from southern Mexico to Costa Rica. However, this specific disease is not associated with traditional causes of CKD, such as aging, diabetes, or hypertension. Rather, this disease is a chronic interstitial nephritis termed chronic kidney disease of nontraditional etiology (CKDnT). According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) mortality database, there are elevated rates of deaths related to kidney disease in many of these countries, with the highest rates being reported in El Salvador and Nicaragua...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072836/pre-migration-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-functioning-among-central-american-migrants-arriving-at-the-us-border
#4
Allen Keller, Amy Joscelyne, Megan Granski, Barry Rosenfeld
In recent years, increasing numbers of families and individuals have arrived at the U.S. border from Central America, in particular, from Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. This study sought to examine pre-migration trauma exposure and current mental health functioning of migrant families arriving at the U.S. border from the Northern Triangle region, with specific attention to the reasons offered for leaving their home country and the frequency with which migrant families appear to satisfy legal criteria for asylum We interviewed 234 adults in McAllen, Texas, using a structured interview and standardized questionnaires to assess exposure to trauma prior to migration, reasons for leaving their home country and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057388/evaluation-of-focused-obstetric-ultrasound-examinations-by-health-care-personnel-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-guatemala-kenya-pakistan-and-zambia
#5
Robert O Nathan, Jonathan O Swanson, David L Swanson, Elizabeth M McClure, Victor Lokomba Bolamba, Adrien Lokangaka, Irma Sayury Pineda, Lester Figueroa, Walter López-Gomez, Ana Garces, David Muyodi, Fabian Esamai, Nancy Kanaiza, Waseem Mirza, Farnaz Naqvi, Sarah Saleem, Musaku Mwenechanya, Melody Chiwila, Dorothy Hamsumonde, Dennis D Wallace, Holly Franklin, Robert L Goldenberg
Prior studies have suggested that obstetrical (OB) ultrasound in low- and middle-income countries has aided in detection of high-risk conditions, which in turn could improve OB management. We are participating in a cluster-randomized clinical trial of OB ultrasound, which is designed to assess the effect of basic OB ultrasound on maternal mortality, fetal mortality, neonatal mortality, and maternal near-miss in 5 low-income countries. We designed a 2-week course in basic OB ultrasound, followed by 12 weeks of oversight, to train health care professionals with no prior ultrasound experience to perform basic OB ultrasound to screen for high-risk pregnancies...
November 10, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056912/perceived-barriers-to-achieving-a-healthy-weight-a-qualitative-study-using-focus-groups-at-public-and-private-schools-in-guatemala-city
#6
Luisa Madrigal, Inez Adams, Violeta Chacon, Joaquin Barnoya
BACKGROUND: Overweight prevalence among Guatemalan girls is higher in public than in private schools. Little is known about adolescent girls' perceptions of the right ways to achieve a healthy weight. This study examines public and private school adolescent girls' perceptions of a "healthy weight," and barriers and facilitators to achieving it. METHODS: We conducted 4 focus groups in public and private schools in Guatemala City with girls from 13 to 15 years old...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012907/culex-melanoconion-panocossa-from-peninsular-florida-usa
#7
Erik M Blosser, Nathan D Burkett-Cadena
Culex (Melanoconion) panocossa is a suspected vector of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus in Central America. Prior to this report, Cx. panocossa was known from Central America (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, southern Mexico, Panama), northern South America (Colombia, Venezuela) and the Greater Antilles (Cuba and Jamaica). Larvae (n=5) and adults (n=4286) of Cx. panocossa were collected at two locations near Homestead, FL, which indicates substantial established populations of this probable vector species in the continental US...
December 21, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008544/the-where-and-how-for-reaching-transgender-women-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-hiv-prevention-services-in-guatemala
#8
William M Miller, William C Miller, Clare Barrington, Sharon S Weir, Sanny Y Chen, Michael E Emch, Audrey E Pettifor, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
This study aims to describe the transgender women and men who have sex with men (MSM) missed through venue-based sampling and illustrate how data on venues can be used to prioritize service delivery. Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) and time-location sampling (TLS) were used concurrently in 2010 for behavioral surveillance among MSM and transgender women in Guatemala City. RDS recruits who did not frequent venues (n = 106) were compared to TLS recruits (n = 609). TLS participants recruited at different types of venues were compared...
December 22, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001219/high-seroconversion-rates-in-trypanosoma-cruzi-chronic-infection-treated-with-benznidazole-in-people-under-16-years-in-guatemala
#9
Lucia Brum-Soares, Juan-Carlos Cubides, Iris Burgos, Carlota Monroy, Leticia Castillo, Selene González, Pedro Albajar Viñas, Pedro Pablo Palma Urrutia
INTRODUCTION: Geographical, epidemiological, and environmental differences associated with therapeutic response to Chagas etiological treatment have been previously discussed. This study describes high seroconversion rates 72 months after benznidazole treatment in patients under 16 years from a project implemented by Doctors without Borders in Guatemala. METHODS: An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect Trypanosoma cruzi IgG antibodies in capillary blood samples from patients 72 months after treatment...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998363/non-destructive-micro-chemical-and-micro-luminescence-characterization-of-jadeite
#10
Alejandro Mitrani Viggiano, José Luis Ruvalcaba Sil, Mayra D Manrique Ortega, Victoria Corregidor Berdasco
Jadeite was greatly appreciated by pre-Hispanic cultures in Mesoamerica. Despite its importance, knowledge of its mining sources was lost after the Spanish conquest. In the 1950s the only confirmed jadeite deposits in Mesoamerica were found in the Motagua River Fault (MRF), Guatemala. The aim of this study is to present a methodology that is appropriate for the study of archeological jadeite objects using non-destructive spectroscopic and micro-ion beam analysis techniques. This methodology has been applied to perform mineral, elemental, and luminescence characterization of five jadeite samples from the MRF, with white, lilac, and green colors...
December 2016: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991972/air-pollution-management-and-control-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-implications-for-climate-change
#11
Horacio Riojas-Rodríguez, Agnes Soares da Silva, José Luis Texcalac-Sangrador, Grea Litai Moreno-Banda
Objective: To assess the status of the legal framework for air quality control in all countries of Latin America and Caribbean (LAC); to determine the current distribution of air monitoring stations and mean levels of air pollutants in all capital and large cities (more than 100 000 inhabitants); and to discuss the implications for climate change and public policymaking. Methods: From January 2015-February 2016, searches were conducted of online databases for legislation, regulations, policies, and air pollution programs, as well as for the distribution of monitoring stations and the mean annual levels of air pollution in all LAC countries...
September 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988723/the-mutillid-wasps-of-the-i-dasymutilla-i-i-paradoxa-i-species-group-hymenoptera-mutillidae
#12
David R Luz, Kevin A Williams, Pedro R Bartholomay
The Dasymutilla paradoxa species-group is newly proposed to include taxa formerly included in the genera Dasymutilla Ashmead, 1899, Traumatomutilla André, 1901 and some previously incertae sedis. This species-group now includes the following eight species: D. fasciventris Mickel, D. guanacaste Manley & Pitts, D. naranjo Manley & Pitts, D. paradoxa (Gerstaecker), comb. nov., D. paraparadoxa, sp. nov., D. phya (Cameron), comb. nov., D. relata (Cameron), and D. sliepniri Manley & Pitts. Dasymutilla paraparadoxa Luz, Bartholomay & Williams, sp...
November 15, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988666/a-new-species-of-i-oreodera-i-audinet-serville-1835-from-ecuador-coleoptera-cerambycidae-lamiinae-and-new-geographical-records
#13
Antonio Santos-Silva, Juan Pablo Botero
Oreodera antonkozlovi, new species from Ecuador is described and illustrated. A key to species of Oreodera, currently known from Ecuador, is provided. Moreover, the following new country records are reported in Oreodera: O. basicretata (Brazil); O. cretata (Peru); O. sororcula (Brazil); O. wappesi (Costa Rica and Guatemala). Additionally, new state records from Brazil are added: O. bituberculata (Goiás); O. griseozonata (Amapá); O. melzeri (Amazonas).
November 23, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982369/mapping-of-nutrition-and-sectoral-policies-addressing-malnutrition-in-latin-america
#14
María Cristina Tirado, Luis Galicia, Hannah M Husby, Jaime Lopez, Stephania Olamendi, Maria Pia Chaparro, María A González, Rubén Grajeda
Objective: To map existing policies addressing malnutrition in all its forms in Latin America and identify gaps in enabling environments supporting the five priority lines of action outlined in the World Health Organization Comprehensive Implementation Plan on Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition (CIP) approved in 2014. Methods: This descriptive study consisted of a systematic Internet search for and mapping of publicly available nutrition-related and sectoral policies already in place to address malnutrition in all its forms in 18 Latin American countries (Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay)...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972186/cost-effectiveness-of-type-2-diabetes-t2dm-treatment-with-dapagliflozin-as-add-on-to-metformin-in-the-dominican-republic-and-guatemala
#15
J F Elgart, M Prestes, L Gonzalez, J Solorzano, J J Gagliardino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966744/absence-of-toxicity-and-genotoxicity-in-an-extract-of-rubus-coriifolius
#16
S González-Hernández, D González-Ramírez, M I Dávila-Rodríguez, A Jimenez-Arellanez, M Meckes-Fischer, S Said-Fernández, E I Cortés-Gutiérrez
Rubus coriifolius Focke is a wild plant from the Rosaceae family. It grows in both Guatemala and Mexico. The polar extract of the aerial parts of this plant has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-protozoal activities. These properties may explain the traditional use of this plant. In vivo and in vitro assays were used to assess the genotoxic and toxic effects of an ethanol extract of the aerial parts of R. coriifolius. Three groups of rats were orally administered the R. coriifolius extract diluted in ethanol (5%) at doses of 1...
December 2, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932639/complete-genome-sequences-of-six-chrysodeixis-includens-nucleopolyhedrovirus-isolates-from-brazil-and-guatemala
#17
Saluana R Craveiro, Luis Arthur V M Santos, Roberto C Togawa, Peter W Inglis, Priscila Grynberg, Zilda Maria A Ribeiro, Bergmann M Ribeiro, Maria Elita B Castro
The baculovirus, Chrysodeixis (formerly Pseudoplusia) includens nucleopolyhedrovirus (ChinNPV), is a new Alphabaculovirus pathogenic to Chrysodeixis includens Here, we report the complete genome sequences of six ChinNPV isolates. The availability of these genome sequences will provide information on ChinNPV molecular genetics, promoting understanding of its pathogenicity, diversity, and evolution.
December 8, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915182/using-spatial-metrics-and-surveys-for-the-assessment-of-trans-boundary-deforestation-in-protected-areas-of-the-maya-mountain-massif-belize-guatemala-border
#18
S D Chicas, K Omine, J B Ford, K Sugimura, K Yoshida
Understanding the trans-boundary deforestation history and patterns in protected areas along the Belize-Guatemala border is of regional and global importance. To assess deforestation history and patterns in our study area along a section of the Belize-Guatemala border, we incorporated multi-temporal deforestation rate analysis and spatial metrics with survey results. This multi-faceted approach provides spatial analysis with relevant insights from local stakeholders to better understand historic deforestation dynamics, spatial characteristics and human perspectives regarding the underlying causes thereof...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914738/wolbachia-strains-in-cryptic-species-of-the-anastrepha-fraterculus-complex-diptera-tephritidae-along-the-neotropical-region
#19
Leandro F Prezotto, André L P Perondini, Vicente Hernández-Ortiz, Celso L Marino, Denise Selivon
Infection by Wolbachia was described previously in eleven species of Anastrepha fruit flies some of which are important pests of fruticulture. One such species is the nominal Anastrepha fraterculus, the South American fruit fly, which actually comprises a complex of cryptic species. The suggestions of using Wolbachia for the control of these pest species, make imperative a more precise characterization of the existing strains of the bacteria. In this study, population samples of the A. fraterculus complex from Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Guatemala and Mexico were analyzed for Wolbachia infection...
November 24, 2016: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884603/cranial-nerve-involvement-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#20
Nirav Das, Savannah Kandalaft, Xiao Wu, Ajay Malhotra
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT) is a rare disorder with less than 200,000 cases reported in the US every year, making diagnosis challenging. MR and CT imaging has become more common in the evaluation of CMT to identify areas of disease involvement. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old female from Guatemala with a past history of polio initially presented to the emergency room for necrotizing pneumonia. MRI images demonstrated smoothly enlarged, mildly enhancing trigeminal nerves...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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