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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890732/impact-of-standardized-prenatal-clinical-training-for-traditional-birth-attendants-in-rural-guatemala
#1
Sasha Hernandez, Jessica Oliveira, Leah Jones, Juan Chumil, Taraneh Shirazian
In low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs), traditional birth attendant (TBA) training programs are increasing, yet reports are limited on how those programs affect the prenatal clinical abilities of trained TBAs. This study aims to assess the impact of clinical training on TBAs before and after a maternal health-training program. A prospective observational study was conducted in rural Guatemala from March to December 2017. Thirteen participants conducted 116 prenatal home visits. Data acquisition occurred before any prenatal clinical training had occurred, at the completion of the 14-week training program, and at six months post program completion...
June 9, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883457/outlook-for-modern-cooking-energy-access-in-central-america
#2
Shonali Pachauri, Narasimha D Rao, Colin Cameron
The Central American nations of Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua are among the poorest in the Americas. While the fraction of population dependent on solid fuels has declined in these nations over the last 25 years, the number of people using them has risen. Here, we first assess current patterns of cooking energy use in these nations. We then apply a discrete model of household cooking choices and demand to simulate future pathways of clean cooking uptake and the outlook for achieving target 7.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), which aims to ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services by 2030...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803969/freedom-of-choice-expressions-of-gratitude-patient-experiences-of-short-term-surgical-missions-in-guatemala
#3
Stephanie Roche, Morgan Brockington, Sana Fathima, Meghna Nandi, Benjamin Silverberg, Henry E Rice, Rachel Hall-Clifford
Lack of surgical care has been highlighted as a critical global health problem, and short-term medical missions (STMMs) have become a de facto measure to address this shortfall. Participation in STMMs is an increasingly popular activity for foreign medical professionals to undertake in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where their clinical skills may be in short supply. While there is emerging literature on the STMM phenomenon, patient experiences of surgical missions are underrepresented. This research addresses this gap through thirty-seven in-depth interviews with patients or caregivers who received care from a short-term surgical mission within the three years prior to the four-week data collection period in July and August 2013...
May 9, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795691/reconsidering-non-traditional-export-agriculture-and-household-food-security-a-case-study-in-rural-guatemala
#4
Josée Méthot, Elena M Bennett
As the production of non-traditional export (NTX) crops by smallholder households in developing countries expands, there is a compelling need to understand the potential effects of this type of agricultural production on household food security and nutrition. We use two household surveys with a sample of 52 households, interviews, and focus groups to examine whether smallholder farmers who produce broccoli for export in a rural Guatemalan community have different household food security than farmers in the same community who are still growing traditional maize and bean crops...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782696/routine-antenatal-ultrasound-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-first-look-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#5
Robert L Goldenberg, Robert O Nathan, David Swanson, Sarah Saleem, Waseem Mirza, Fabian Esamai, David Muyodi, Ana L Garces, Lester Figueroa, Elwyn Chomba, Melody Chiwala, Musaku Mwenechanya, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangako, Victor Lokomba Bolamba, Janet L Moore, Holly Franklin, Jonathan Swanson, Edward A Liechty, Carl L Bose, Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Waldemar A Carlo, Nancy Kanaiza, Farnaz Naqvi, Irma Sayury Pineda, Walter López-Gomez, Dorothy Hamsumonde, Margo S Harrison, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Dennis D Wallace, Elizabeth M McClure
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound is widely regarded as an important adjunct to antenatal care (ANC) to guide practice and reduce perinatal mortality. We assessed the impact of ANC ultrasound use at health centers in resource-limited countries. DESIGN: Cluster randomized trial. SETTING: Clusters within five countries (Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemala, Kenya, Pakistan and Zambia). METHODS: Clusters were randomized to standard ANC or standard care plus two ultrasounds and referral for complications...
May 21, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780812/characteristics-of-mobile-phone-access-and-usage-in-rural-and-urban-guatemala-assessing-feasibility-of-text-message-reminders-to-increase-childhood-immunizations
#6
Gretchen J Domek, Ingrid L Contreras-Roldan, Edwin J Asturias, Michael Bronsert, Guillermo Antonio Bolaños Ventura, Sean T O'Leary, Allison Kempe, Sheana Bull
Background: Despite efforts to promote vaccination in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), over 20 million infants remain under-immunized and at risk for unnecessary morbidity and mortality. Mobile health technologies, such as Short Message Service (SMS) texts, have tremendous and untapped potential for disease management. Patient reminder systems are an important mechanism for improving childhood vaccination coverage and can be easily adapted to SMS platforms. However, current research lacks an understanding of the barriers and facilitators to mHealth program design, implementation, and scale in LMICs...
2018: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780019/parasitic-infections-in-individuals-travelling-to-america-and-precautionary-measures
#7
Mehmet Aykur, Muhammet Karakavuk, Ayşegül Ünver, Hande Dağcı
Over the past decade, the number of international travels has increased. Hence, the risk of transmission of parasitic diseases has also increased. One of the risk infections is malaria; Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum species can be transmitted. The distribution of leishmaniasis cases has been reported from the south of USA to the north of Argentina. Approximately 57,000 cases of cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis occur annually, and approximately 4000 visceral leishmaniasis cases are observed. It is reported that Chagas disease is endemic in 21 countries, and approximately 6 million people are affected every year...
March 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774858/genomic-epidemiology-of-global-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacter-spp-2008-2014
#8
Gisele Peirano, Yasufumi Matsumura, Mark D Adams, Patricia Bradford, Mary Motyl, Liang Chen, Barry N Kreiswirth, Johann D D Pitout
We performed whole-genome sequencing on 170 clinical carbapenemase-producing Enterobacter spp. isolates collected globally during 2008-2014. The most common carbapenemase was VIM, followed by New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM), Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase, oxacillin 48, and IMP. The isolates were of predominantly 2 species (E. xiangfangensis and E. hormaechei subsp. steigerwaltii) and 4 global clones (sequence type [ST] 114, ST93, ST90, and ST78) with different clades within ST114 and ST90. Particular genetic structures surrounding carbapenemase genes were circulating locally in various institutions within the same or between different STs in Greece, Guatemala, Italy, Spain, Serbia, and Vietnam...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764400/low-cost-hpv-testing-and-the-prevalence-of-cervical-infection-in-asymptomatic-populations-in-guatemala
#9
Hong Lou, Eduardo Gharzouzi, Sarita Polo Guerra, Joël Fokom Domgue, Julie Sawitzke, Guillermo Villagran, Lisa Garland, Joseph F Boland, Sarah Wagner, Héctor Rosas, Jami Troxler, Heidi McMillen, Bailey Kessing, Enrique Alvirez, Miriam Castillo, Hesler Morales, Victor Argueta, Andert Rosingh, Femke J H B van Aerde-van Nunen, Griselda Lopez, Herbert M Pinedo, Mark Schiffman, Michael Dean, Roberto Orozco
BACKGROUND: A low cost and accurate method for detecting high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) is important to permit HPV testing for cervical cancer prevention. We used a commercially available HPV method (H13, Hybribio) which was documented to function accurately in a reduced volume of cervical specimen to determine the most prevalent HPV types and the distribution of HPV infections in over 1795 cancer-free women in Guatemala undergoing primary screening for cervical cancer by cytology...
May 15, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753103/genetic-diversity-of-human-sapovirus-across-the-americas
#10
Marta Diez-Valcarce, Christina J Castro, Rachel L Marine, Natasha Halasa, Holger Mayta, Mayuko Saito, Laura Tsaknaridis, Chao-Yang Pan, Filemon Bucardo, Sylvia Becker-Dreps, Maria Renee Lopez, Laura Cristal Magaña, Terry Fei Fan Ng, Jan Vinjé
BACKGROUND: Sapoviruses are responsible for sporadic and epidemic acute gastroenteritis worldwide. Sapovirus typing protocols have a success rate as low as 43% and relatively few complete sapovirus genome sequences are available to improve current typing protocols. OBJECTIVE/STUDY DESIGN: To increase the number of complete sapovirus genomes to better understand the molecular epidemiology of human sapovirus and to improve the success rate of current sapovirus typing methods, we used deep metagenomics shotgun sequencing to obtain the complete genomes of 68 sapovirus samples from four different countries across the Americas (Guatemala, Nicaragua, Peru and the US)...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744004/gadolinium-induced-nephrogenic-systemic-fibrosis
#11
Anita H Shah, Juan Jose Olivero
The column in this issue is supplied by Anita H. Shah, M.D., and Juan Jose Olivero, M.D. Dr. Shah obtained her medical degree at The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston and is currently an internal medicine resident at Houston Methodist Hospital. Dr. Olivero is a nephrologist at Houston Methodist Hospital and a member of the hospital's Nephrology Fellowship Training Program. He obtained his medical degree from the University of San Carlos School of Medicine in Guatemala, Central America, and completed his residency and nephrology fellowship at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas...
July 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743081/residential-scene-classification-for-gridded-population-sampling-in-developing-countries-using-deep-convolutional-neural-networks-on-satellite-imagery
#12
Robert F Chew, Safaa Amer, Kasey Jones, Jennifer Unangst, James Cajka, Justine Allpress, Mark Bruhn
BACKGROUND: Conducting surveys in low- and middle-income countries is often challenging because many areas lack a complete sampling frame, have outdated census information, or have limited data available for designing and selecting a representative sample. Geosampling is a probability-based, gridded population sampling method that addresses some of these issues by using geographic information system (GIS) tools to create logistically manageable area units for sampling. GIS grid cells are overlaid to partition a country's existing administrative boundaries into area units that vary in size from 50 m × 50 m to 150 m × 150 m...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722722/health-care-in-guatemala
#13
Manuel Alejandro García Girón
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719876/complementary-feeding-intervention-on-stunted-guatemalan-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Boris Martinez, Meghan Farley Webb, Ana Gonzalez, Kate Douglas, Maria Del Pilar Grazioso, Peter Rohloff
Objective/background: Guatemala's indigenous Maya population has one of the highest rates of childhood stunting in the world. The goal of this study was to examine the impact of an intensive, individualised approach to complementary feeding education for caregivers on feeding practices and growth over usual care. Design: An individually randomised (1:1 allocation ratio), parallel-group superiority trial, with blinding of study staff collecting outcome data. Setting: Rural Maya communities in Guatemala...
2018: BMJ Paediatrics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706157/what-happens-to-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-over-time
#15
EDITORIAL
Helen Minnis
Disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) is one of the most intriguing syndromes in child and adolescent psychiatry but also one of the least understood. We know little about its developmental course in different groups of children, so I was delighted to see the incisive longitudinal work from the Bucharest Early Intervention Study by Guyon-Harris and colleagues.1 My own interest in DSED was sparked back in the early 1990s, when a travel bug had taken me to Guatemala and I had found a job in an orphanage...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706087/association-of-aflatoxin-exposure-and-height-for-age-among-young-children-in-guatemala
#16
Lee E Voth-Gaeddert, Matthew Stoker, Olga Torres, Daniel B Oerther
Aflatoxin exposure has been proposed to affect child height-for-age. The following hypothesized associations were tested in Guatemala: (1) aflatoxin (B1 , B2 , G1 , G2 ) exposure and environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) and child height-for-age z-score; and (2) aflatoxin exposures and subsequent symptoms of aflatoxins. Maize consumption data, health data, and samples of maize from households were collected from mothers and their children - under five - in October 2016 (n = 320) and February 2017 (n = 120)...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705734/treatment-of-end-stage-renal-disease-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-in-rural-guatemala
#17
Jillian Moore, Pablo Garcia, Peter Rohloff, David Flood
A 42-year-old indigenous Maya man presented to a non-profit clinic in rural Guatemala with signs, symptoms and laboratory values consistent with uncontrolled diabetes. Despite appropriate treatment, approximately 18 months after presentation, he was found to have irreversible end-stage renal disease (ESRD) of uncertain aetiology. He was referred to the national public nephrology clinic and subsequently initiated home-based continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. With primary care provided by the non-profit clinic, his clinical status improved on dialysis, but socioeconomic and psychological challenges persisted for the patient and his family...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690438/the-cicada-genus-procollina-metcalf-1952-hemiptera-cicadidae-redescription-including-fourteen-new-species-with-a-key-to-the-species-of-the-subtribe-dazina-kato-1932-rev-stat-the-description-of-the-aragualnini-n-tribe-and-one-new-combination
#18
Allen F Sanborn
The cicada genus Procollina Metcalf, 1952 is redescribed. Procollina minima n. sp., P. parva n. sp., P. ustulata n. sp. and P. webbi n. sp. are described from Costa Rica, P. guatemalensis n. sp., P. mayaensis n. sp. and P. nigrapilosa n. sp. are described from Guatemala, P. hondurensis n. sp. is described from Honduras, P. convexa n. sp. and P. mesomaculata n. sp. are described from Guatemala and Honduras, P. ulnamaculata n. sp. is described from Guatemala and Mexico, P. nuevoleonensis n. sp. and P. tamaulipasensis n...
March 6, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690329/a-synopsis-of-the-genus-dorcasta-pascoe-1858-coleoptera-cerambycidae-lamiinae-apomecynini
#19
Larry G Bezark, Antonio Santos-Silva, Francisco E de L Nascimento
Three new species of Dorcasta Pascoe, 1858 are described: D. birai, from Brazil (Goiás); D. parkeri, from Mexico, Nicaragua and Costa Rica; and D. rifkindi, from Mexico and Panama. Additionally, D. dasycera, D. borealis, and D. crassicornis are redescribed. Dorcasta crassicornis is recorded from Mexico, Guatemala and Costa Rica, and D. borealis is recorded from Costa Rica. New state records for Mexico are provided for Dorcasta cinerea. A key to the known species of Dorcasta is provided.
March 20, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690312/a-new-species-of-eburia-lacordaire-1830-coleoptera-cerambycidae-from-mexico
#20
Oscar PÉrez-Flores, VÍctor H Toledo-hernÁndez, Fernando Villagomez
Eburia (Eburia) angeldiazi sp. nov. is described from Michoacán, Mexico. Distinguishing characters from closely related species are given and discussed. According to the results of our research, E. (E.) angeldiazi sp. nov. is distributed in the state of Michoacán, Mexico whereas E. (E.) macrotaenia Bates, 1880 occurs in the state of Chiapas, Mexico as well as Guatemala and El Salvador.
March 21, 2018: Zootaxa
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