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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045690/clinical-characteristics-of-hospitalized-infants-with-laboratory-confirmed-pertussis-in-guatemala
#1
Varun K Phadke, John P McCracken, Jennifer L Kriss, Maria R Lopez, Kim A Lindblade, Joe P Bryan, Miguel E Garcia, Carlos E Funes, Saad B Omer
Background: Pertussis is an important cause of hospitalization and death in infants too young to be vaccinated (aged <2 months). Limited data on infant pertussis have been reported from Central America. The aim of this study was to characterize acute respiratory illnesses (ARIs) attributable to Bordetella pertussis among infants enrolled in an ongoing surveillance study in Guatemala. Methods: As part of a population-based surveillance study in Guatemala, infants aged <2 months who presented with ARI and required hospitalization were enrolled, and nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swab specimens were obtained...
October 13, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036850/methodology-for-the-development-of-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#2
D Rivera, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology utilized to calculate reliability and the generation of norms for 10 neuropsychological tests for children in Spanish-speaking countries. METHOD: The study sample consisted of over 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Inclusion criteria for all countries were to have between 6 to 17 years of age, an Intelligence Quotient of≥80 on the Test of Non-Verbal Intelligence (TONI-2), and score of <19 on the Children's Depression Inventory...
October 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036849/newly-developed-learning-and-verbal-memory-test-tamv-i-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#3
D Rivera, L Olabarrieta-Landa, B V Rabago Barajas, M J Irías Escher, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales, P Martín-Lobo, J A Calderón, M A Aguilar Uriarte, A I Peñalver Guia, R Camlla Ynga, C E García-Guerrero, I Fernandez-Agis, A García-Gómez-Pastrana, J A Ibañéz-Alfonso, H Gómez, J Galarza-Del-Angel, C García de la Cadena, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Learning and Verbal Memory Test (TAMV-I) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the TAMV-I as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Free recall, memory delay and recognition scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036848/concentration-endurance-test-d2-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#4
D Rivera, C Salinas, D Ramos-Usuga, I D Delgado-Mejía, Y Vasallo Key, G P Hernández Agurcia, J Valencia Vásquez, C E García-Guerrero, C García de la Cadena, B V Rabago Barajas, I Romero-García, A I Campos Varillas, M Sánchez-SanSegundo, A Galvao-Carmona, L Lara, E J Granja Gilbert, P Martín-Lobo, J Velázquez-Cardoso, A Caracuel, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Concentration Endurance Test (d2) test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the d2 test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Total number of items processed (TN), Total number of correct responses (CR), Total performance (TP), and Concentration performance (CP) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036847/trail-making-test-normative-data-for-the-latin-american-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#5
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, D Ramos-Usuga, E Vergara-Moragues, E Montero-López, L A Adana Díaz, A Aguayo Arelis, C E García-Guerrero, C García de la Cadena, X Llerena Espezúa, L Lara, A Padilla-López, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, C Alcazar Tebar, M J Irías Escher, J J Llibre Guerra, N Torales Cabrera, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, R Ferrer-Cascales
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Trail Making Test (TMT) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 3,337 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the TMT as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The TMT-A and TMT-B scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036228/factors-associated-to-acceptable-treatment-adherence-among-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-guatemala
#6
Brooke M Ramay, Alejandro Cerón, Luis Pablo Méndez-Alburez, Randall Lou-Meda
Pediatric patients with Chronic Kidney Disease face several barriers to medication adherence that, if addressed, may improve clinical care outcomes. A cross sectional questionnaire was administered in the Foundation for Children with Kidney Disease (FUNDANIER, Guatemala City) from September of 2015 to April of 2016 to identify the predisposing factors, enabling factors and need factors related to medication adherence. Sample size was calculated using simple random sampling with a confidence level of 95%, confidence interval of 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023208/laboulbeniales-parasitic-on-american-small-carrion-beetles-new-species-of-corethromyces-diphymyces-and-rodaucea
#7
Danny Haelewaters, Walter Rossi
Ten new species of Laboulbeniales parasitic on small carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Cholevinae) from the American continent are described: Corethromyces bernardii on Dissochaetus spp. from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and the USA; Diphymyces anthracinus on Ptomaphagus brevior from the USA; D. blackwelliae on Ptomaphagus giaquintoi from Guatemala; D. costaricensis on Adelopsis sp. from Costa Rica; D. dichromus on Adelopsis marinae from Argentina; D. newtonii on Ptomaphagus fumosus from the USA; D. obesus on Ptomaphagus brevior from the USA; Diphymyces perreaui on Ptomaphagus nevadicus from the USA; D...
September 14, 2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017625/molecular-data-reveal-high-diversity-of-uvulifer-trematoda-diplostomidae-in-middle-america-with-the-description-of-a-new-species
#8
A López-Jiménez, G Pérez-Ponce de León, M García-Varela
Members of the genus Uvulifer are distributed worldwide and infect aquatic snails and freshwater fishes as first and second intermediate hosts, respectively, and fish-eating birds (kingfishers) as definitive hosts. Metacercariae of Uvulifer spp. were collected from the fins and skin of 20 species of freshwater fishes in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, and the adults were recovered from the intestine of kingfishers in four localities of Mexico. The genetic divergence among 76 samples (64 metacercariae and 12 adults) was estimated by sequencing the 28S and 5...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016286/chagas-disease-infection-among-migrants-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#9
Erin E Conners, Teresa López Ordoñez, Celia Cordon-Rosales, Carmen Fernández Casanueva, Sonia Morales Miranda, Kimberly C Brouwer
Chagas disease results in the largest burden in terms of disability-adjusted-life-years of any parasitic disease in the Americas. Monitoring Chagas disease among migrants is critical to controlling its spread and to serving the needs of the migrant community. Therefore, we determined the prevalence and correlates of Chagas disease in regional and international migrant populations at the Mexico/Guatemala border. Data were collected as part of a larger study of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and migration...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993352/delays-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis-in-guatemala
#10
Pooja Ajay Shah, Merida Coj, Peter Rohloff
A 23-year-old indigenous Guatemalan man presented in 2016 to our clinic in Sololá, Guatemala, with 10 months of recurrent neck swelling, fevers, night sweats and weight loss. Previously, he had sought care in three different medical settings, including a private physician-run clinic, a tertiary private cancer treatment centre and, finally, a rural government health post. With assistance from our institution's accompaniment staff, the patient was admitted to a public tertiary care hospital for work-up. Rifampin-susceptible tuberculosis was diagnosed, and appropriate treatment was begun...
October 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986247/the-reintroduction-of-denv-2-in-2011-in-panama-and-subsequent-outbreak-characteristic
#11
Yamilka Díaz, Julio Cisneros, Hilda Guzmán, Paola Cordoba, Jean-Paul Carrera, Brechla Moreno, Rubing Chen, Juan Castillo Mewa, Lourdes García, Lizbeth Cerezo, Amelia Travassos da Rosa, Nathan D Gundacker, Blas Armién, Scott C Weaver, Nikos Vasilakis, Sandra López-Vergès, Robert Tesh
The circulation of the South-east Asian/American (AS/AM) dengue 2 virus (DENV-2) genotype in the Americas has been associated with a high rate of severe disease. From 1993, the year DENV was reintroduced in Panama, until 2011 there were 29 dengue-associated deaths, 17 of which occurred in 2011, the most severe outbreak with a case fatality rate (CFR) of 44% (17 deaths out of 38 severe dengue cases). During this outbreak DENV-2 was reintroduced into the country, whereas over the prior five years DENV-1 and -3 were predominant...
October 3, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985869/surgical-approach-to-gallbladder-disease-in-rural-guatemala
#12
Jonathan B Imran, Annie Ochoa-Hernandez, Juan Herrejon, Tarik D Madni, Audra T Clark, Sergio Huerta
BACKGROUND: In this article, we report the current surgical approach to gallbladder disease at a major referral hospital in rural Guatemala. Complications in a cohort of patients undergoing open versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy were catalogued. METHODS: We reviewed cholecystectomies performed by surgeons at the Hospital Nacional de San Benito in El Peten, Guatemala, after the adoption of the laparoscopic approach. Laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LCs) between 2014 and 2015 (n = 42) were reviewed and matched by 58 randomly selected open cholecystectomies (OCs) during the same period...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973492/what-limits-the-distribution-of-liriomyza-huidobrensis-and-its-congener-liriomyza-sativae-in-their-native-niche-when-temperature-and-competition-affect-species-distribution-range-in-guatemala
#13
G Rodríguez-Castañeda, C MacVean, C Cardona, A R Hof
Factors limiting distribution range for most species are generally unknown regardless of whether they are native or invasive. We studied factors that could enable or restrict the distribution of two cosmopolitan invasive leafminer fly species, Liriomyza huidobrensis (Blanchard) and Liriomyza sativae (Blanchard) in their native niche. In order to test which ecological and environmental factors affect leafminer distribution we conducted thermal tolerance assays, sampled along elevation gradients and modeled species distribution...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970412/exploration-of-learning-during-an-international-health-elective-using-photovoice-methodology
#14
Amy Werremeyer, Elizabeth Skoy, Gina Aalgaard Kelly
Based on surveys and structured interviews, International Health Experiences (IHEs) improve cultural sensitivity, communication, and self-confidence among health professions students. However, open-ended methods to explore student learning during an IHE are not widely utilized. We sought to explore pharmacy student-identified learning during an IHE in an open-ended fashion using Photovoice methodology. Pharmacy students on an IHE in Guatemala were given disposable cameras and asked to photograph images that reflected their learning...
November 29, 2016: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955351/testing-domestication-scenarios-of-lima-bean-phaseolus-lunatus-l-in-mesoamerica-insights-from-genome-wide-genetic-markers
#15
María I Chacón-Sánchez, Jaime Martínez-Castillo
Plant domestication can be seen as a long-term process that involves a complex interplay among demographic processes and evolutionary forces. Previous studies have suggested two domestication scenarios for Lima bean in Mesoamerica: two separate domestication events, one from gene pool MI in central-western Mexico and another one from gene pool MII in the area Guatemala-Costa Rica, or a single domestication from gene pool MI in central-western Mexico followed by post-domestication gene flow with wild populations...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949929/caring-for-adolescents-in-guatemala-provider-perspectives
#16
Areej Hassan, Juan Carlos Reyes Maza, Hayley G Teich, Erwin H Calgua Guerra
Purpose Today's generation of adolescents is the largest in history, creating a major challenge for low and middle income countries faced with the necessity of addressing their growing healthcare needs. Our objective was to assess the extent to which health care providers in Guatemala are trained, knowledgeable and feel comfortable providing services to adolescents. Methods A sample of 20 medical providers were recruited from the School of Medicine at San Carlos University and its affiliated hospitals. Providers were interviewed face-to-face for 30-40 min using a semi-structured guide exploring their training, knowledge, skills and experience in adolescent health care...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946595/stroop-color-word-interference-test-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#17
D Rivera, A Morlett-Paredes, A I Peñalver Guia, M J Irías Escher, M Soto-Añari, A Aguayo Arelis, S Rute-Pérez, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, N Albaladejo-Blázquez, C García de la Cadena, J A Ibáñez-Alfonso, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, C E García-Guerrero, I D Delgado-Mejía, A Padilla-López, E Vergara-Moragues, M D Barrios Nevado, M Saracostti Schwartzman, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Stroop Word-Color Interference test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the Stroop test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Stroop-Word, Stroop-Color, Stroop Word-Color and Stroop-Interference scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946594/shortened-version-of-the-token-test-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#18
L Olabarrieta-Landa, D Rivera, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, S Pohlenz Amador, C E García-Guerrero, A Padilla-López, M Sánchez-SanSegundo, J Velázquez-Cardoso, J P Díaz Marante, R A Caparros-Gonzalez, I Romero-García, J Valencia Vásquez, C García de la Cadena, J M Muñoz Mancilla, B V Rabago Barajas, R Barranco Casimiro, A Galvao-Carmona, P Martín-Lobo, M Saracostti Schwartzman, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Shortened Version of the Token Test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the Shortened Version of the Token Test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Shortened Version of the Token Test total scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946593/symbol-digit-modalities-test-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#19
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, Stephen Trapp, C Jiménez-Pérez, C L Hernández Carrillo, S Pohlenz Amador, E Vergara-Moragues, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, C García de la Cadena, A Galvao-Carmona, J Galarza-Del-Angel, X Llerena Espezúa, N Torales Cabrera, P F Caravia, A Aguayo Arelis, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Barranco Casimiro, N Albaladejo-Blázquez
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the SDMT as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. SDMT scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946592/modified-wisconsin-card-sorting-test-m-wcst-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#20
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, E Nicholls, A Aguayo Arelis, C García de la Cadena, A I Peñalver Guia, E Vergara-Moragues, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, A Marín-Morales, M Soto-Añari, L Lara, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, C Alcazar Tebar, J Galarza-Del-Angel, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, J A Ibañéz-Alfonso, C E García-Guerrero, I D Delgado-Mejía, S Pohlenz Amador, M Sánchez-SanSegundo
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Modified Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (M-WCST) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the M-WCST as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Number of categories, perseverative errors, and total errors scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
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