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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722580/rapid-active-sampling-surveys-as-a-tool-to-evaluate-factors-associated-with-acute-gastroenteritis-and-norovirus-infection-among-children-in-rural-guatemala
#1
Daniel Olson, Molly M Lamb, Maria R Lopez, Maria A Paniagua-Avila, Alma Zacarias, Gabriela Samayoa-Reyes, Celia Cordon-Rosales, Edwin J Asturias
We examined burden and factors associated with norovirus (NoV) acute gastroenteritis (AGE) among children in rural Guatemala. Children age 6 weeks to 17 years were enrolled into three AGE surveillance groups, using two-stage cluster sampling: a prospective participatory syndromic surveillance (PSS) cohort and two cross-sectional rapid active sampling (RAS) surveys, conducted from April 2015 to February 2016. Epidemiologic and NoV testing data were used to identify factors associated with NoV infection, AGE, and NoV+ AGE...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719316/high-mortality-and-coinfection-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-patients-with-histoplasmosis-in-guatemala
#2
Blanca Samayoa, Monika Roy, Angela Ahlquist Cleveland, Narda Medina, Dalia Lau-Bonilla, Christina M Scheel, Beatriz L Gomez, Tom Chiller, Eduardo Arathoon
Histoplasmosis is one of the most common and deadly opportunistic infections among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Latin America, but due to limited diagnostic capacity in this region, few data on the burden and clinical characteristics of this disease exist. Between 2005 and 2009, we enrolled patients ≥ 18 years of age with suspected histoplasmosis at a hospital-based HIV clinic in Guatemala City. A case of suspected histoplasmosis was defined as a person presenting with at least three of five clinical or radiologic criteria...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702866/association-of-the-familial-coexistence-of-child-stunting-and-maternal-overweight-with-indigenous-women-in-guatemala
#3
J Lee, R Houser, A Must, P Palma, O Bermudez
Objectives This study investigated the association of the familial coexistence of child stunting and maternal overweight with indigenous women in Guatemala. Methods We selected 2388 child-mother pairs from the data set of the Living Standards Measurement Study conducted in Guatemala in 2000. This study examined the association between maternal and household characteristics and the nutritional status of children aged 6-60 months and mothers aged 18-49 years by using multivariable logistic regression models. Results Compared with non-indigenous households, a significantly higher percentage of indigenous households exhibited stunted child and overweight mother (SCOM) pairs (15...
July 12, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691637/sociodemographic-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-screen-time-among-adolescents-in-canada-and-guatemala-results-from-the-compass-system
#4
Eun-Young Lee, Stephen Hunter, Scott T Leatherdale, Valerie Carson
This study was to compare the levels of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) between Canadian and Guatemalan adolescents, and to examine associations of sociodemographic variables with PA and screen time among adolescents in Canada and Guatemala. Self-reported, cross-sectional data from students in grades 9-12 who participated in the 2015 COMPASS study (Canada; n = 39,817; mean age = 15.6 years) and COMPASS-Guatemala ( n = 1,221; mean age = 15.1 years) were used. Sociodemographic variables included age, gender, ethnicity (exclusively among Canadians), and weekly money allowance...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691331/scaling-up-proven-innovative-cervical-cancer-screening-strategies-challenges-and-opportunities-in-implementation-at-the-population-level-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries
#5
Francesca Holme, Sharon Kapambwe, Ashrafun Nessa, Partha Basu, Raul Murillo, Jose Jeronimo
The problem of cervical cancer in low- and lower-middle-income countries (LLMICs) is both urgent and important, and calls for governments to move beyond pilot testing to population-based screening approaches as quickly as possible. Experiences from Zambia, Bangladesh, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, where scale-up of evidence-based screening strategies is taking place, may help other countries plan for large-scale implementation. These countries selected screening modalities recommended by the WHO that are within budgetary constraints, improve access for women, and reduce health system bottlenecks...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688642/why-do-patients-receive-care-from-a-short-term-medical-mission-survey-study-from-rural-guatemala
#6
Micaela M Esquivel, Joy C Chen, Russell K Woo, Nora Siegler, Francisco A Maldonado-Sifuentes, Jehidy S Carlos-Ochoa, Andy R Cardona-Diaz, Tarsicio Uribe-Leitz, Dennis Siegler, Thomas G Weiser, George P Yang
BACKGROUND: Hospital de la Familia was established to serve the indigent population in the western highlands of Guatemala and has a full-time staff of Guatemalan primary care providers supplemented by short-term missions of surgical specialists. The reasons for patients seeking surgical care in this setting, as opposed to more consistent care from local institutions, are unclear. We sought to better understand motivations of patients seeking mission-based surgical care. METHODS: Patients presenting to the obstetric and gynecologic, plastic, ophthalmologic, general, and pediatric surgical clinics at the Hospital de la Familia from July 27 to August 6, 2015 were surveyed...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688599/designing-and-implementing-an-early-childhood-health-and-development-program-in-rural-southwest-guatemala-lessons-learned-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
Gretchen J Domek, Maureen Cunningham, Andrea Jimenez-Zambrano, Dena Dunn, Madiha Abdel-Maksoud, Michael Bronsert, Claudia Luna-Asturias, Stephen Berman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Advances in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686665/the-esperanza-window-trap-reduces-the-human-biting-rate-of-simulium-ochraceum-s-l-in-formerly-onchocerciasis-endemic-foci-in-southern-mexico
#8
Mario A Rodríguez-Pérez, Javier A Garza-Hernández, Mario C Salinas-Carmona, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, Filiberto Reyes-Villanueva, Olga Real-Najarro, Eddie W Cupp, Thomas R Unnasch
BACKGROUND: The Esperanza Window Trap (EWT) baited with CO2 and human sweat compounds is attractive to Simulium ochraceum s.l., the primary vector of Onchocerca volvulus in the historically largest endemic foci in México and Guatemala. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The ability of the EWT to locally reduce numbers of questing S. ochraceum s.l. was evaluated in two formerly onchocerciasis endemic communities in Southern México. At each community, two EWTs were placed in or near a school or household and flies were collected sequentially for a total of 10 days...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645708/identification-of-major-routes-of-hiv-transmission-throughout-mesoamerica
#9
Antoine Chaillon, Santiago Avila-Ríos, Joel O Wertheim, Ann Dennis, Claudia García-Morales, Daniela Tapia-Trejo, Carlos Mejía-Villatoro, Juan M Pascale, Guillermo Porras-Cortés, Carlos J Quant-Durán, Ivette Lorenzana, Rita I Meza, Elsa Y Palou, Marvin Manzanero, Rolando A Cedillos, Gustavo Reyes-Terán, Sanjay R Mehta
BACKGROUND: Migration and travel are major drivers of the spread of infectious diseases. Geographic proximity and a common language facilitate travel and migration in Mesoamerica, which in turn could affect the spread of HIV in the region. METHODS: 6092 HIV-1 subtype B partial pol sequences sampled from unique antiretroviral treatment-naïve individuals from Mexico (40.7%), Guatemala (24.4%), Honduras (19%), Panama (8.2%), Nicaragua (5.5%), Belize (1.4%), and El Salvador (0...
June 20, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633900/analytical-and-clinical-performance-of-a-chikungunya-qrt-pcr-for-central-and-south-america
#10
Thomas Edwards, Leticia Del Carmen Castillo Signor, Christopher Williams, Clément Larcher, Mauricio Espinel, Jane Theaker, Evelin Donis, Luis E Cuevas, Emily R Adams
Chikungunya was introduced into the Americas in 2015 causing a pandemic across the continent. Testing during the acute phase of infection relies on qRT-PCR, but available assays have a number of limitations. A qRT-PCR assay specific to the chikungunya E1 gene was designed using sequence data from contemporary strains. A probit analysis established the 95% limit of detection as 19.6 copies per reaction. We compared the assay with a US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) chikungunya qRT-PCR as the reference standard...
June 8, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625087/the-ex-pat-effect-presence-of-recent-western-immigrants-is-associated-with-changes-in-age-at-first-birth-and-birth-rate-in-a-maya-population-from-rural-guatemala
#11
Luseadra McKerracher, Mark Collard, Rachel Altman, Michael Richards, Pablo Nepomnaschy
BACKGROUND: Economic transitions expose indigenous populations to a variety of ecological and cultural challenges, especially regarding diet and stress. These kinds of challenges are predicted by evolutionary ecological theory to have fitness consequences (differential reproduction) and, indeed, are often associated with changes in fertility dynamics. It is currently unclear whether international immigration might impact the nature of such an economic transition or its consequences for fertility...
June 18, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617005/using-adolescents-drawings-to-reveal-stereotypes-about-ethnic-groups-in-guatemala
#12
Brien K Ashdown, Judith L Gibbons, Yetilú de Baessa, Carrie M Brown
It is important to identify stereotypes about indigenous people because those stereotypes influence prejudice and discrimination, both obstacles to social justice and universal human rights. The purpose of the current study was to document the stereotypes, as held by Guatemalan adolescents, of indigenous Maya people (e.g., Maya) and nonindigenous Ladinos in Guatemala (the 2 main ethnic groups in Guatemala). Guatemalan adolescents (N = 465; 38.3% female; Mage = 14.51 years; SDage = 1.81 years) provided drawings and written characteristics about indigenous Maya and nonindigenous Ladino people, which were then coded for patterns in the data...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610219/a-new-species-of-i-neoeutrypanus-i-monn%C3%A3-1977-from-guatemala-coleoptera-cerambycidae
#13
Miguel A Monné, Juan Pablo Botero
Neoeutrypanus Monné, 1977 was reviewed by Botero & Monné (2015); currently, the genus is composed by 12 species, distributed from Mexico to the north of Argentina (Monné, 2017). Herein, we describe a new species from Guatemala and a modify the key proposed by Botero & Monné (2015) to include the new species.
June 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610165/studies-in-guatemalan-ensifera-new-i-glaphyrosoma-i-species-orthoptera-anostostomatidae-and-additional-data-for-other-described-species
#14
Oscar J Cadena-Castañeda, José Monzón-Sierra
We describe three new species in the genus Glaphyrosoma: G. magnaproctalis n. sp., G. franciscoasturiasi n. sp. and G. hectorcentenoi n. sp. We provide new data on the distribution of G. karnyi, G. beretka and G. anderi in Guatemala. We propose G. bruneri as nomen dubium and we define the status of specimens recorded as G. gracile in Guatemala and Costa Rica. We also include a species distribution map of this genus with the information available to us up to date and a key to species.
March 13, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609890/revision-of-the-funnel-web-spider-genus-i-novalena-i-araneae-agelenidae
#15
Julieta Maya-Morales, María Luisa Jiménez
The Western Hemisphere genus Novalena Chamberlin & Ivie 1942 (Araneae: Agelenidae) is revised. The genus now includes a total of 53 species, of which 40 are new species from USA, Mexico, Guatemala, and Costa Rica: N. ajusco sp. nov. (♀), N. alamo sp. nov. (♂), N. alvarezi sp. nov. (♀), N. atzimbo sp. nov. (♀), N. bosencheve sp. nov. (♂), N. chamberlini sp. nov. (♂ ♀), N. cieneguilla sp. nov. (♀), N. cintalapa sp. nov. (♂ ♀), N. clara sp. nov. (♂ ♀), N. comaltepec sp. nov. (♀), N. creel sp...
May 5, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604825/burden-and-impact-of-plasmodium-vivax-in-pregnancy-a-multi-centre-prospective-observational-study
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Azucena Bardají, Flor Ernestina Martínez-Espinosa, Myriam Arévalo-Herrera, Norma Padilla, Swati Kochar, Maria Ome-Kaius, Camila Bôtto-Menezes, María Eugenia Castellanos, Dhanpat Kumar Kochar, Sanjay Kumar Kochar, Inoni Betuela, Ivo Mueller, Stephen Rogerson, Chetan Chitnis, Dhiraj Hans, Michela Menegon, Carlo Severini, Hernando Del Portillo, Carlota Dobaño, Alfredo Mayor, Jaume Ordi, Mireia Piqueras, Sergi Sanz, Mats Wahlgren, Laurence Slutsker, Meghna Desai, Clara Menéndez
BACKGROUND: Despite that over 90 million pregnancies are at risk of Plasmodium vivax infection annually, little is known about the epidemiology and impact of the infection in pregnancy. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We undertook a health facility-based prospective observational study in pregnant women from Guatemala (GT), Colombia (CO), Brazil (BR), India (IN) and Papua New Guinea PNG). Malaria and anemia were determined during pregnancy and fetal outcomes assessed at delivery...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598309/reclassification-of-arthrobacter-viscosus-as-rhizobium-viscosum-comb-nov
#17
José David Flores-Félix, Martha Helena Ramírez-Bahena, Sergio Salazar, Alvaro Peix, Encarna Velázquez
The species Arthrobacter viscosus was isolated from soil from Guatemala and it was classified into the genus Arthrobacter on the basis of phenotypic traits. Nevertheless, the results of16S rRNA gene analysis indicated that this species is a member of the genus Rhizobium, with Rhizobium alamii GBV016T and Rhizobium mesosinicum CCBAU 25010T as the most closely related species with 99.64 and 99.48 % similarity, respectively. The similarity values for the recA gene are 92.2 and 94.4 % with respect to R. alamii GBV016T and R...
June 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580662/development-and-assessment-of-postcranial-sex-estimation-methods-for-a-guatemalan-population
#18
Gillian Fowler, Cris Hughes
This study tests whether postcranial sex estimation methods generated from Hispanic, and mainly Mexican samples, can be successfully applied to other increasingly common migrant populations from Central America. We use a sample of postcranial data from a modern (1980s) Guatemalan Maya sample (n = 219). Results indicate a decrease in classification accuracies for previously established univariate methods when applied to the Guatemalan study sample, specifically for males whose accuracies ranged from 30 to 84%...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580354/how-a-training-program-is-transforming-the-role-of-traditional-birth-attendants-from-cultural-practitioners-to-unique-health-care-providers-a-community-case-study-in-rural-guatemala
#19
Sasha Hernandez, Jessica Bastos Oliveira, Taraneh Shirazian
In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where the rates of maternal mortality continue to be inappropriately high, there has been recognition of the importance of training traditional birth attendants (TBAs) to help improve outcomes during pregnancy and childbirth. In Guatemala, there is no national comprehensive training program in place despite the fact that the majority of women rely on TBAs during pregnancy and childbirth. This community case study presents a unique education program led by TBAs for TBAs in rural Guatemala...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575102/development-of-indicators-for-monitoring-community-based-rehabilitation
#20
Catherine Mason, Joerg Weber, Seryan Atasoy, Carla Sabariego, Alarcos Cieza
BACKGROUND: Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) is a multi-sectoral approach working to equalize opportunities and include people with disability in all aspects of community life. Reliable and internationally comparable data needed to monitor and evaluate CBR are scarce, partially due to the absence of standardized indicators. The objective of this manuscript is to describe the collaborative development process which led to the World Health Organization's (WHO) recently launched set of standardized CBR outcome indicators...
2017: PloS One
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