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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452579/reliability-of-diagnosis-and-clinical-efficacy-of-visceral-osteopathy-a-systematic-review
#1
Albin Guillaud, Nelly Darbois, Richard Monvoisin, Nicolas Pinsault
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the World Health Organization published benchmarks for training in osteopathy in which osteopathic visceral techniques are included. The purpose of this study was to identify and critically appraise the scientific literature concerning the reliability of diagnosis and the clinical efficacy of techniques used in visceral osteopathy. METHODS: Databases MEDLINE, OSTMED.DR, the Cochrane Library, Osteopathic Research Web, Google Scholar, Journal of American Osteopathic Association (JAOA) website, International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine (IJOM) website, and the catalog of Académie d'ostéopathie de France website were searched through December 2017...
February 17, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449443/sex-differences-in-ischemic-heart-disease-advances-obstacles-and-next-steps
#2
Niti R Aggarwal, Hena N Patel, Laxmi S Mehta, Rupa M Sanghani, Gina P Lundberg, Sandra J Lewis, Marla A Mendelson, Malissa J Wood, Annabelle S Volgman, Jennifer H Mieres
Evolving knowledge of sex-specific presentations, improved recognition of conventional and novel risk factors, and expanded understanding of the sex-specific pathophysiology of ischemic heart disease have resulted in improved clinical outcomes in women. Yet, ischemic heart disease continues to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in women in the United States. The important publication by the Institute of Medicine titled "Women's Health Research-Progress, Pitfalls, and Promise," highlights the persistent disparities in cardiovascular disease burden among subgroups of women, particularly women who are socially disadvantaged because of race, ethnicity, income level, and educational attainment...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446647/management-of-multi-casualty-incidents-in-mountain-rescue-evidence-based-guidelines-of-the-international-commission-for-mountain-emergency-medicine-icar-medcom
#3
Marc Blancher, François Albasini, Fidel Elsensohn, Ken Zafren, Natalie Hölzl, Kyle McLaughlin, Albert R Wheeler, Steven Roy, Hermann Brugger, Mike Greene, Peter Paal
Blancher, Marc, François Albasini, Fidel Elsensohn, Ken Zafren, Natalie Hölzl, Kyle McLaughlin, Albert R. Wheeler III, Steven Roy, Hermann Brugger, Mike Greene, and Peter Paal. Management of multi-casualty incidents in mountain rescue. High Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2018. INTRODUCTION: Multi-Casualty Incidents (MCI) occur in mountain areas. Little is known about the incidence and character of such events, and the kind of rescue response. Therefore, the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine (ICAR MEDCOM) set out to provide recommendations for the management of MCI in mountain areas...
February 15, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445882/procedure-rates-performed-by-emergency-medicine-residents-a-retrospective-review
#4
Joshua T Bucher, Christopher Bryczkowski, Grant Wei, Renee L Riggs, Anoop Kotwal, Brian Sumner, Jonathan V McCoy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study is to investigate rates of individual procedures performed by residents in our emergency medicine (EM) residency program. Different programs expose residents to different training environments. Our hypothesis is that ultrasound examinations are the most commonly performed procedure in our residency. METHODS: The study took place in an academic level I trauma center with multiple residency and fellowship programs including surgery, surgical critical care, trauma, medicine, pulmonary/critical care, anesthesiology and others...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442539/platelets-in-wound-healing-and-regenerative-medicine
#5
Julia Etulain
Although platelets are widely recognized as having a critical role in primary hemostasis and thrombosis, increasing experimental and clinical evidence identifies these enucleated cells as relevant modulators of other physiopathological processes including inflammation and tissue regeneration. These phenomena are mediated through the release of growth factors, cytokines, and extracellular matrix modulators that sequentially promote (i) revascularization of damaged tissue through the induction of migration, proliferation, differentiation, and stabilization of endothelial cells in new blood vessels; (ii) restoration of damaged connective tissue through migration, proliferation, and activation of fibroblasts; and (iii) proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into tissue-specific cell types...
February 14, 2018: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441576/barleria-cristata-perspective-towards-phytopharmacological-aspects
#6
REVIEW
Harish Kumar, Rohini Agrawal, Vipin Kumar
OBJECTIVES: Barleria cristata (Family: Acanthaceae), commonly known as Philippine violet, is used in different ethnomedical systems for the treatment of a wide range of ailments. This review aimed to provide a scientific overview of B. cristata with reference to its ethnobotanical aspects, geographical distribution, medicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological activity, and critical analyses research gaps and future research opportunities for investigations on this plant. KEY FINDINGS: Ethnomedical uses of the plant have been observed in lungs disorders, inflammatory conditions, toothache, anaemia, snake bite, diabetes and tuberculosis...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441518/haloperidol-for-delirium-in-critically-ill-patients-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#7
M Barbateskovic, S R Kraus, M O Collet, O Mathiesen, J C Jakobsen, A Perner, J Wetterslev
BACKGROUND: In the intensive care unit, the prevalence of delirium is high. Delirium has been associated with morbidity and mortality including more ventilator days, longer intensive care unit stay, increased long-term mortality, and cognitive impairment. Thus, the burden of delirium for patients, relatives, and societies is considerable. The objective of this systematic review was to critically access the evidence of randomised clinical trials on the effects of haloperidol vs. placebo or any other agents for delirium in critically ill patients...
February 14, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438602/international-consensus-statement-on-allergy-and-rhinology-allergic-rhinitis
#8
Sarah K Wise, Sandra Y Lin, Elina Toskala, Richard R Orlandi, Cezmi A Akdis, Jeremiah A Alt, Antoine Azar, Fuad M Baroody, Claus Bachert, G Walter Canonica, Thomas Chacko, Cemal Cingi, Giorgio Ciprandi, Jacquelynne Corey, Linda S Cox, Peter Socrates Creticos, Adnan Custovic, Cecelia Damask, Adam DeConde, John M DelGaudio, Charles S Ebert, Jean Anderson Eloy, Carrie E Flanagan, Wytske J Fokkens, Christine Franzese, Jan Gosepath, Ashleigh Halderman, Robert G Hamilton, Hans Jürgen Hoffman, Jens M Hohlfeld, Steven M Houser, Peter H Hwang, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Deborah Jarvis, Ayesha N Khalid, Maritta Kilpeläinen, Todd T Kingdom, Helene Krouse, Desiree Larenas-Linnemann, Adrienne M Laury, Stella E Lee, Joshua M Levy, Amber U Luong, Bradley F Marple, Edward D McCoul, K Christopher McMains, Erik Melén, James W Mims, Gianna Moscato, Joaquim Mullol, Harold S Nelson, Monica Patadia, Ruby Pawankar, Oliver Pfaar, Michael P Platt, William Reisacher, Carmen Rondón, Luke Rudmik, Matthew Ryan, Joaquin Sastre, Rodney J Schlosser, Russell A Settipane, Hemant P Sharma, Aziz Sheikh, Timothy L Smith, Pongsakorn Tantilipikorn, Jody R Tversky, Maria C Veling, De Yun Wang, Marit Westman, Magnus Wickman, Mark Zacharek
BACKGROUND: Critical examination of the quality and validity of available allergic rhinitis (AR) literature is necessary to improve understanding and to appropriately translate this knowledge to clinical care of the AR patient. To evaluate the existing AR literature, international multidisciplinary experts with an interest in AR have produced the International Consensus statement on Allergy and Rhinology: Allergic Rhinitis (ICAR:AR). METHODS: Using previously described methodology, specific topics were developed relating to AR...
February 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438568/haemodynamic-assessment-and-support-in-sepsis-and-septic-shock-in-resource-limited-settings
#9
David Misango, Rajyabardhan Pattnaik, Tim Baker, Martin W Dünser, Arjen M Dondorp, Marcus J Schultz
Background: Recommendations for haemodynamic assessment and support in sepsis and septic shock in resource-limited settings are largely lacking. Methods: A task force of six international experts in critical care medicine, all of them members of the Global Intensive Care Working Group of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine and with extensive bedside experience in resource-limited intensive care units, reviewed the literature and provided recommendations regarding haemodynamic assessment and support, keeping aspects of efficacy and effectiveness, availability and feasibility and affordability and safety in mind...
February 9, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437002/real-time-monitoring-of-nanoparticle-based-therapeutics-a-review
#10
Qingqing Han, Meng Niu, Hongshan Zhong, Qirun Wu
With the development of nanomaterials, nanoparticle-based therapeutics have found increasing application in various fields, including clinical and basic medicine. Real-time monitoring of nanoparticle-based therapeutics is considered critical to both pharmacology and pharmacokinetics. In this review, we discuss the different methods of real-time monitoring of nanoparticle-based therapeutics comprising different types of nanoparticle carriers, such as metal nanoparticles, inorganic nonmetallic nanoparticles, biodegradable polymer nanoparticles, and biological nanoparticles...
February 11, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423397/age-is-relative-impact-of-donor-age-on-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cell-functionality
#11
REVIEW
Elisabeth Tamara Strässler, Katriina Aalto-Setälä, Mostafa Kiamehr, Ulf Landmesser, Nicolle Kränkel
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) avoid many of the restrictions that hamper the application of human embryonic stem cells: limited availability of source material due to legal restrictions in some countries, immunogenic rejection and ethical concerns. Also, the donor's clinical phenotype is often known when working with iPSCs. Therefore, iPSCs seem ideal to tackle the two biggest tasks of regenerative medicine: degenerative diseases with genetic cause (e.g., Duchenne's muscular dystrophy) and organ replacement in age-related diseases (e...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421930/research-and-development-of-anti-alzheimer-s-disease-drugs-an-update-from-the-perspective-of-technology-flows
#12
Kunmeng Liu, Hui-Heng Lin, Rongbiao Pi, Shinghung Mak, Yifan Han, Yuanjia Hu
Today, over 20 million people suffer from Alzheimer's disease (AD) worldwide. AD has become a critical issue to human health, especially in aging societies, and therefore it is a research hotspot in the global scientific community. The technology flow method differs from traditional reviews generating an informative overview of the research and development (R&D) landscape in a specific technological area. We need such an updated method to get a general overview of the R&D of anti-AD drugs in light of the dramatic developments in this area in recent years...
February 8, 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420543/does-the-chronic-care-model-meet-the-emerging-needs-of-people-living-with-multimorbidity-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis
#13
Kasey R Boehmer, Abd Moain Abu Dabrh, Michael R Gionfriddo, Patricia Erwin, Victor M Montori
BACKGROUND: The Chronic Care Model (CCM) emerged in the 1990s as an approach to re-organize primary care and implement critical elements that enable it to proactively attend to patients with chronic conditions. The chronic care landscape has evolved further, as most patients now present with multiple chronic conditions and increasing psychosocial complexity. These patients face accumulating and overwhelming complexity resulting from the sum of uncoordinated responses to each of their problems...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417357/emergency-medicine-summary-code-for-reporting-ct-scan-results-implementation-and-survey-results
#14
Joanne Lam, Ryan Coughlin, Luce Buhl, Meghan Herbst, Timothy Herbst, Jared Martillotti, Bret Coughlin
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the emergency department (ED) providers' interest and satisfaction with ED CT result reporting before and after the implementation of a standardized summary code for all CT scan reporting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A summary code was provided at the end of all CTs ordered through the ED from August to October of 2016. A retrospective review was completed on all studies performed during this period. A pre- and post-survey was given to both ED and radiology providers...
February 7, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415784/peer-reviewed-journal-editors-views-on-real-world-evidence
#15
Elisabeth M Oehrlein, Jennifer S Graff, Eleanor M Perfetto, C Daniel Mullins, Robert W Dubois, Chinenye Anyanwu, Eberechukwu Onukwugha
OBJECTIVES: Peer-review publication is a critical step to the translation and dissemination of research results into clinical practice guidelines, health technology assessment (HTA) and payment policies, and clinical care. The objective of this study was to examine current views of journal editors regarding: (i) The value of real-world evidence (RWE) and how it compares with other types of studies; (ii) Education and/or resources journal editors provide to their peer reviewers or perceive as needed for authors, reviewers, and editors related to RWE...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413727/addressing-spirituality-during-critical-illness-a-review-of-current-literature
#16
REVIEW
Barbara S Gordon, Maggie Keogh, Zachary Davidson, Stephen Griffiths, Vanshdeep Sharma, Deborah Marin, Stephan A Mayer, Neha S Dangayach
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of research on spirituality and religiosity in the intensive care setting that has been published since the 2004-2005 American College of Critical Care Medicine (ACCM) Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Support of Family in the Patient-Centered Intensive Care Unit with an emphasis on its application beyond palliative and end-of-life care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ACCM 2004-2005 guidelines emphasized the importance of spiritual and religious support in the form of four specific recommendations: [1] assessment and incorporation of spiritual needs in ICU care plan; [2] spiritual care training for doctors and nurses; [3] physician review of interdisciplinary spiritual need assessments; and [4] honoring the requests of patients to pray with them...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410240/the-use-of-omics-profiling-to-improve-outcomes-of-bone-regeneration-and-osseointegration-how-far-are-we-from-personalized-medicine-in-dentistry
#17
E Calciolari, N Donos
Increased life expectancy and broader restorative dental treatment alternatives for missing teeth have resulted in an increasing request of bone regeneration/augmentation procedures not only in healthy patients, but also in elderly and medically compromised ones. This is also combined with a growing demand for short implant loading protocols and for optimal aesthetic results. In order to meet these new dental needs, personalized treatment strategies tailored on each individual's characteristics and healing profile are warranted...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409507/fate-of-antibody-drug-conjugates-in-cancer-cells
#18
REVIEW
Cécile Chalouni, Sophia Doll
Antibody-Drug Conjugates (ADCs) are a class of cancer therapeutics that combines antigen specificity and potent cytotoxicity in a single molecule as they are comprised of an engineered antibody linked chemically to a cytotoxic drug. Four ADCs have received approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicine Agency (EMA) and can be prescribed for metastatic conditions while around 60 ADCs are currently enrolled in clinical trials. The efficacy of an ADC greatly relies on its intracellular trafficking and processing of its components to trigger tumor cell death...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409352/hepatocyte-growth-factor-gene-therapy-for-ischemic-diseases-and-tissue-regeneration
#19
Lisheng Wang, Hua Wang, QingLin Zhang, Zhijian Yang, Fanxuan Kong, Chu-Tse Wu
Stem cells and gene therapy have become promising strategies for treating ischemia diseases and regenerating tissue. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is an angiogenic growth factor with multiple functions including promoting angiogenesis, regulating inflammation, inhibiting fibrosis and activating tissue regeneration. Numerous preclinical experiments and clinical trials have demonstrated the feasibility and efficacy of HGF gene therapy in treatment of ischemia diseases and tissue regeneration. This review summarized the current advances of therapeutic angiogenesis using HGF gene transfer and modified stem cells...
February 6, 2018: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408671/impact-of-cell-types-and-culture-methods-on-the-functionality-of-in-vitro-liver-systems-a-review-of-cell-systems-for-hepatotoxicity-assessment
#20
REVIEW
Jonathan A Kyffin, Parveen Sharma, Joseph Leedale, Helen E Colley, Craig Murdoch, Pratibha Mistry, Steven D Webb
Xenobiotic safety assessment is an area that impacts a multitude of different industry sectors such as medicinal drugs, agrochemicals, industrial chemicals, cosmetics and environmental contaminants. As such there are a number of well-developed in vitro, in vivo and in silico approaches to evaluate their properties and potential impact on the environment and to humans. Additionally, there is the continual investment in multidisciplinary scientists to explore non-animal surrogate technologies to predict specific toxicological outcomes and to improve our understanding of the biological processes regarding the toxic potential of xenobiotics...
February 1, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
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