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Early gastric cancer detection

Kaname Uno, Katsunori Iijima, Yasuhiko Abe, Tomoyuki Koike, Yasushi Takahashi, Nobuyuki Ara, Tooru Shimosegawa
PURPOSE: Endoscopic diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC) that emerges after eradication of Helicobacter pylori may be affected by unique morphological changes. Using comprehensive endoscopic imaging, which can reveal biological alterations in gastric mucosa after eradication, previous studies demonstrated that Congo red chromoendoscopy (CRE) might clearly show an acid non-secretory area (ANA) with malignant potential, while autofluorescence imaging (AFI) without drug injection or dyeing may achieve early detection or prediction of GC...
September 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Yoo Jin Lee, Jie-Hyun Kim, Jae Jun Park, Young Hoon Youn, Hyojin Park, Jong Won Kim, Seung Ho Choi, Sung Hoon Noh
BACKGROUND: The presence of ulcer in early gastric cancer (EGC) is important for the feasibility of endoscopic resection, only a few studies have examined the clinicopathological implications of endoscopic ulcer in EGC. OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of endoscopic ulcer as a predictor of clinical behaviors in EGC. METHODS: Data of 3,270 patients with EGC who underwent surgery between January 2005 and December 2012 were reviewed. Clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed in relation to the presence and stage of ulcer in EGC...
2016: PloS One
Peng Chen, Huasi Zhao, Jingjing Huang, Xizhong Yan, Yunfei Zhang, Yongshun Gao
MicroRNA-17-5p (miR-17-5p) has previously been reported to play an important role in tumor development and progression. However, it functions differently regarding different kinds of malignant tumor, and its role and mechanism in gastric cancer (GC) still lacks investigation. In this study, we detected the relationship between miR-17-5p and the development of GC by qRT-PCR, and it turned out that the level of miR-17-5p was significantly higher in GC patients than that in normal controls, and the aberrant expression of miR-17-5p was correlated with lymph node metastasis...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Sung Hyeon Lee, Seunghyup Jeong, Jua Lee, In Seok Yeo, Myung Jin Oh, Unyong Kim, Sumin Kim, Su Hee Kim, Seung-Yeol Park, Jae-Han Kim, Se Hoon Park, Jung Hoe Kim, Hyun Joo An
Gastric cancer has one of the highest cancer mortality rates worldwide, largely because of difficulties in early-stage detection. Aberrant glycosylation in serum proteins is associated with many human diseases including inflammation and various types of cancer. Serum-based global glycan profiling using mass spectrometry has been explored and has already led to several potential glycan markers for several disease states. However, localization of the aberrant glycosylation is desirable in order to improve the specificity and sensitivity for clinical use...
October 5, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
Chung S Yang, Xiaoxin Chen, Shuiping Tu
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer (EC) occurs commonly, especially in Asia, and is the sixth leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Recently, great progress has been made in research on the etiology and prevention of EC. SUMMARY: The major risk factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking, which act synergistically. Dietary parameters, including dietary carcinogens and insufficiency of micronutrients, could also be important risk factors in certain areas...
September 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
Kazuto Harada, Dilsa Mizrak Kaya, Yusuke Shimodaira, Shumei Song, Hideo Baba, Jaffer A Ajani
The prognosis for patients with upper gastrointestinal cancers remains dismal despite the development of multimodality therapies that incorporate surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Early diagnosis and personalized treatment should lead to better prognosis. Given the advances in proteomic technologies over the past decades, proteomics promises to be the most effective technique to identify novel diagnostics and therapeutic targets. Areas covered: For this review, keywords were searched in combination with "proteomics" and "gastric cancer" or "esophageal cancer" in PubMed...
October 10, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Hiroya Takeuchi, Osamu Goto, Naohisa Yahagi, Yuko Kitagawa
Recent meta-analyses and a prospective multicenter trial of sentinel node (SN) mapping in early gastric cancer have demonstrated acceptable SN detection rates and accuracy of determination of lymph node status. SN mapping may play a key role in obtaining individual metastatic information. It also allows modification of surgical procedures, including function-preserving gastrectomy in patients with early gastric cancer. A dual-tracer method that uses radioactive colloids and blue dye is currently considered the most reliable method for the stable detection of SNs in patients with early gastric cancer...
October 6, 2016: Gastric Cancer
Xiao-Ming Shen, You-You Xia, Lian Lian, Chong Zhou, Xiang-Li Li, Shu-Guang Han, Yan Zheng, Fei-Ran Gong, Min Tao, Zhong-Qi Mao, Wei Li
Gastric cancer is the fourth most frequent cancer and the second cause of cancer-related mortalities worldwide. Platelets play an important and multifaceted role in cancer progression. Elevated mean platelet volume (MPV) detected in peripheral blood has been identified in various types of cancer. In the present study, we investigated the application value of MPV in early diagnostic and prognostic prediction in patients with resectable gastric cancer. In total, 168 patients with resectable gastric cancer were included and separated into the gastric cancer and healthy control groups according to median pre-operatic MPV value (MPV low, <10...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Deyao Wu, Xiaobing Niu, Huixing Pan, Yunfeng Zhou, Zichun Zhang, Ping Qu, Jian Zhou
MicroRNA (miR)-429 has been frequently reported to be downregulated in various tumors, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC), nasopharyngeal carcinoma, Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, gastric cancer, non-small cell lung cancer and endometrial endometrioid carcinoma. The present study investigated the effects of miR-429 on human RCC A498 and 786-O cells. Following transfection of cells with miR-429 mimics and scrambled control, MTT, cell migration, cell invasion and luciferase assays were performed. In addition, western blotting was performed in order to assess the expression of specificity protein 1 (Sp1), which was predicted to be a target of miR-429 by TargetScan...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Zeinab Almasi, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Hamid Salehiniya
PURPOSE: No comprehensive study of cancer incidence and mortality exists in Iran. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence, mortality and epidemiological aspects of cancers in our country. METHODS: In this study, information of cancer incidence and mortality in Iran was retrieved from International Cancer Registry data and reported by numbers, crude and standardized incidence and mortality rates. Cancer incidence and mortality in Iran were mapped and compared with neighboring countries and the world...
July 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Yikun Cheng, Bin Yang, Yanfeng Xi, Xing Chen
Gastric cancer (GC) is a common and deadly disease worldwide. Outcomes of patients are poor largely due to chemoresistance or recurrence. Thus, identifying novel biomarkers to predict response to therapy and/or prognosis are urgently needed. RAD51B, a key player in DNA repair/recombination, has the potential to be a candidate oncogene and biomarker for cancer diagnosis and prognosis. However, its relationship with GC remains unclear. To evaluate clinicopathological and prognostic significance of RAD51B in GC, we examined messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) from 69 and tissue microarray from 144 GC patients, respectively...
September 20, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Minhee Ku, Myounghwa Kang, Jin-Suck Suh, Jaemoon Yang
Real-time screening of cellular response on the drugs could provide valuable insights for the early detection of therapeutic efficiency and the evaluation of disease progression. Cancer cells have the ability to vary widely in response to stress in a manner to adjust the signaling pathway to promote the survival or having a resistance to stimulation. Cell-based label-free technologies using electronic impedance sensor have strategies for constructing the signature profiles of each cells. To achieve exquisite sensitivity to substantially change of live-cell response have an important role that predict the potential of therapeutic effects...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
N V Soldatkina, O I Kit, Yu A Gevorkyan, A G Milakin
AIM: to define some clinical characteristics of synchronous and metachronous colorectal cancer (CRC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The investigation was concerned with the data of 150 patients with T1-4N0-2M0-1 multiple primary CRC. The clinical, biological, and morphological characteristics of synchronous and metachronous tumors were analyzed. RESULTS: Multiple primary tumors were 6.01% of all the cases of CRC. There was a preponderance of synchronous CRC (63...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Xiao-Ying Zhang, Pei-Ying Zhang
Gastric cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality across the world, with poor prognosis and a median overall survival of ≤12 months for advanced stage gastric cancer. Environmental, genetic and other predisposing factors contribute to the development of gastric cancer and a predominant factor was found to be infection of Helicobacter pylori Advances in understanding the deranged signalling pathways that are critical for normal cellular homeostasis helped in the development of novel drugs that target specific proteins and pathways to curtail the growth of gastric cancer...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
Chuanli Ren, Hui Chen, Chongxu Han, Deyuan Fu, Daxin Wang, Ming Shen
PURPOSE: To investigate the expression pattern of miR-16 and miR-451 and evaluate their prognostic value in 180 GC patients undergoing surgery. METHODS: In our previous study, a panel of five circulating miRNAs (miR-16, miR-25, miR-92a, miR-451 and miR-486-5p) can be used as a potential biomarker for detecting of early-stage gastric carcinoma (GC). Tissue microarrays were constructed from 180 patients with GC after surgery. MiR-16 and miR-451 expression was detected by miRNA-locked nucleic acid in situ hybridization, and their relationship with clinicopathological parameters and overall survival was analyzed...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Jieun Lee, Myung Ah Lee, In-Ho Kim, Sang-Young Roh
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide and more frequently detected in Asian countries including Korea and Japan. The incidence of young-age gastric cancer (GC) is increasing worldwide, but clinical behavior of young-age GC patients is not well established. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical features and outcomes of GC diagnosed at young-age population. METHODS: Between Jan. 2009 to Jan. 2015, 163 patients diagnosed as early, advanced, recurrent, or metastatic GC at ages between 22 ~ 39 years were analyzed...
2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Nei Soma
Evaluating the prevalence of gastritis by endoscopy is useful for estimating the risk of gastric cancer. Moreover, understanding the endoscopic appearances of gastritis is important for diagnosing gastric cancer due to the superficial mucosal lesions that mimic gastritis (gastritis-like lesions) are very difficult to detect even with optimum preparation and the best technique, and in such cases the tissue biopsy is often not very accurate for the diagnosis of gastric epithelial neoplasia. Magnifying endoscopy is a highly accurate technique for the detection of EGC (early gastric cancer)...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Digestive Diseases
Reiko Ami, Waku Hatta, Katsunori Iijima, Tomoyuki Koike, Hideki Ohkata, Yutaka Kondo, Nobuyuki Ara, Kiyotaka Asanuma, Naoki Asano, Akira Imatani, Tooru Shimosegawa
GOALS: To clarify the factors associated with metachronous gastric cancer development after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer. BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo ESD for early gastric cancer have an appreciable risk of developing metachronous gastric cancer. However, there have been few reports on the association between life style and the development of such cancer. STUDY: Patients with early gastric cancer who underwent ESD at our institution between 2003 and 2012 were enrolled...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Woo-Ho Kim, Lourdes Gomez-Izquierdo, Felip Vilardell, Kent-Man Chu, Geneviève Soucy, Lucas V Dos Santos, Geneviève Monges, Giuseppe Viale, Maria José Brito, Stuart Osborne, Johannes Noé, Xiang Du
Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) dysregulation is associated with tumorigenesis in gastric/gastroesophageal junction cancer; however, the number of patients with HER2-positive disease is unclear, possibly due to differing scoring criteria/assays. Data are also lacking for early disease. We aimed to assess the HER2-positivity rate using approved testing criteria in a large, real-life multinational population. HER2-positivity was defined as an immunohistochemistry staining score of 3+, or immunohistochemistry 2+ and HER2 amplification detected by in situ hybridization...
August 3, 2016: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Wei Wu, Wen Wei Yong, Maxey Ching Ming Chung
Gastric cancer (GC) is a major cause of death in many parts of the world. While 90% of early GC is curable by resection, only about 5% of patients diagnosed in the late stages survive beyond five-years. This provides strong impetus to push for early GC detection through the use of non-invasive biomarkers, before metastatic complications arise. It is also of strong medical interest to identify patients of the diffuse subtype at the earliest time possible, since the disease variant progresses very rapidly and is associated with much higher mortality rate...
August 4, 2016: Proteomics
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