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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431226/the-impact-of-automatic-devices-for-capillary-blood-collection-on-efficiency-and-pain-response-in-newborns-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
G Sorrentino, M Fumagalli, S Milani, I Cortinovis, A Zorz, G Cavallaro, F Mosca, L Plevani
BACKGROUND: The heel stick is the method of choice in most neonatal units for capillary blood sampling, and it represents the most common event among all painful procedures performed on newborns. The type and design of heel stick device and the clinical procedure to collect a blood sample may have an impact on newborn pain response as well. OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain response and efficiency of different automated devices for capillary blood collection in newborns...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427883/born-not-breathing-a-randomised-trial-comparing-two-self-inflating-bag-masks-during-newborn-resuscitation-in-tanzania
#2
Monica Thallinger, Hege Langli Ersdal, Fortunata Francis, Anita Yeconia, Estomih Mduma, Hussein Kidanto, Jørgen Erland Linde, Joar Eilevstjønn, Nina Gunnes, Ketil Størdal
AIMS: Effective ventilation is crucial to save non-breathing newborns. We compared standard equipment for newborn resuscitation to a new Upright bag, in an area with high neonatal mortality. METHODS: Newborns requiring resuscitation at Haydom Lutheran Hospital, Tanzania, were ventilated with 230ml standard or 320ml Upright bag-mask by weekly non-blinded block randomization. A Laerdal Newborn Resuscitation Monitor collected ventilation data through a flow sensor between mask and bag and heart rate with electrocardiography electrodes...
April 17, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423043/essential-neonatal-care-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-mothers-in-public-health-facilities-of-aksum-town-north-ethiopia-2016
#3
Megbey Berhe, Araya Abraha Medhaniye, Gizienesh Kahsay, Ermyas Birhane, Mebrahtu Abay
BACKGROUND: Globally, neonatal death accounts about 44% of child death in 2013. Ethiopia is one of the ten countries with the highest number of neonatal death. Worldwide, more than 43% of deaths among under five year children is contributed by neonates. Half of the neonatal death occur in the first day of life. Recommendations about newborn care practices may conflict with local beliefs and practices. So, it is important to understand the existing newborn care practice and factors affecting it in order to take interventions so as to decrease neonatal death...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420011/noninvasive-ventilation-in-newborns%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-1-500%C3%A2-g-after-tracheal-extubation-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Simone Nascimento Santos Ribeiro, Maria Jussara Fernandes Fontes, Vineet Bhandari, Camilla Borges Resende, Cintia Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419096/determinants-of-neonatal-mortality-in-rural-northern-ethiopia-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#5
Robel Yirgu, Mitike Molla, Lynn Sibley
INTRODUCTION: In low income and middle income countries, neonatal mortality remains high despite the gradual reduction in under five mortality. Newborn death contributes for about 38% of all under five deaths. This study has identified the magnitude and independent predictors of neonatal mortality in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: This population based nested case control study was conducted in rural West Gojam zone, Northern Ethiopia, among a cohort of pregnant women who gave birth between March 2011 and Feb 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418808/effects-of-maternal-supplementation-with-omega-3-precursors-on-human-milk-composition
#6
Evelyne Mazurier, Virginie Rigourd, Paul Perez, Rachel Buffin, Leslie Couedelo, Carole Vaysse, Wafae Belcadi, Rémi Sitta, Fabienne Nacka, Delphine Lamireau, Gilles Cambonie, Jean-Charles Picaud, Claude Billeaud
BACKGROUND: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are important for newborn neurosensory development. Supplementation of breastfeeding mothers' diets with omega-3 PUFAs, such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), may increase their concentration in human milk. Research aim: This study aimed to assess human milk composition after 15-day supplementation regimens containing either omega-3 PUFAs or olive oil, which does not provide ALA. METHODS: A multicenter factorial randomized trial was conducted with four groups of breastfeeding women, with each group containing 19 to 22 women...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414810/changes-in-the-effects-of-living-with-no-siblings-or-living-with-grandparents-on-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-results-from-a-national-cohort-study-in-japan
#7
Nayu Ikeda, Kana Fuse, Nobuo Nishi
Effects of living without siblings and living with grandparents on overweight and obesity may change with child's age. We aimed to examine these effects from early childhood to school age at the national level in Japan. Subjects were 43,046 children born in Japan during two weeks in 2001 who were followed annually from 2.5 to 13 years of age in the Longitudinal Survey of Newborns in the 21st Century. We used measured body height and weight reported by participants at each survey and followed the criteria of the International Obesity Task Force to define overweight and obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413201/detection-of-%C3%AE-thalassaemia-in-neonates-on-cord-blood-and-dried-blood-spot-samples-by-capillary-electrophoresis
#8
H Alauddin, M Langa, M Mohd Yusoff, R Z A Raja Sabudin, A Ithnin, N F Abdul Razak, N H Sardi, N H Hussin
INTRODUCTION: Haemoglobin Bart's (Hb Bart's) level is associated with α-thalassaemia traits in neonates, enabling early diagnosis of α-thalassaemia. The study aimed to detect and quantify the Hb Bart's using Cord Blood (CB) and CE Neonat Fast Hb (NF) progammes on fresh and dried blood spot (DBS) specimen respectively by capillary electrophoresis (CE). METHODS: Capillarys Hemoglobin (E) Kit (for CB) and Capillarys Neonat Hb Kit (for NF) were used to detect and quantify Hb Bart's by CE in fresh cord blood and dried blood spot (DBS) specimens respectively...
April 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412958/supporting-parents-in-taking-care-of-their-infants-admitted-to-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-prospective-cohort-pilot-study
#9
Giuseppe De Bernardo, Maria Svelto, Maurizio Giordano, Desiree Sordino, Marina Riccitelli
BACKGROUND: Family-Centred Care (FCC) is recognized as an important component of all paediatric care, including neonatal care, although practical clinical guidelines to support this care model are still needed in Italy. The characteristics and services for families in Italian NICUs show a lack of organization and participation. METHODS: The first aim was to compare satisfaction and stress levels in two groups of parents: an FCC group and a non-FCC group (NFCC). The second aim was to evaluate body weight gain in the newborns enrolled...
April 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412885/antenatal-taurine-supplementation-in-fetal-rats-with-growth-restriction-improves-neural-stem-cell-proliferation-by-inhibiting-the-activities-of-rho-family-factors
#10
Yan Wang, Xiang-Wen Li, Jing Liu, Wei Fu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether antenatal taurine supplementation improves neural stem cell proliferation in rats with fetal growth restriction (FGR) through regulating the activity of Rho family factors. METHODS: FGR models were established via food restriction throughout pregnancy. Pregnant rats were randomly divided into the control group, the FGR group (given 40% of the normal daily feeding in the control group), and the Taurine group (FGR model treated with 300 mg/kg·d taurine from gestational day seven)...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411062/incidence-and-characteristics-of-positive-pressure-ventilation-delivered-to-newborns-in-a-us-tertiary-academic-hospital
#11
Dana E Niles, Courtney Cines, Elena Insley, Elizabeth E Foglia, Okan U Elci, Christiane Skåre, Theresa Olasveengen, Anne Ades, Michael Posencheg, Vinay M Nadkarni, Jo Kramer-Johansen
INTRODUCTION: The Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) guidelines recommend positive pressure ventilation (PPV) in the first 60s of life to support perinatal transition in non-breathing newborns. Our aim was to describe the incidence and characteristics of newborn PPV using real-time observation in the delivery unit. METHODS: Prospective, observational, quality improvement study conducted at a tertiary academic hospital. Deliveries during randomized weekday/evening 8-h shifts were attended by a trained observer...
April 12, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407823/-application-of-humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-neonates-with-meconium-aspiration-syndrome-and-pulmonary-hypertension-after-extubation
#12
Xiao-Yan Gao, Lin Feng, Yu-Fen Qiu, Xin-Nian Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical value of humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHFNC) as a respiratory support after extubation by comparing it with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in neonates with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). METHODS: A total of 78 neonates with MAS and PPHN were randomly administered with HHFNC or NCPAP immediately after extubation. The following indices were compared between the two groups: blood gas parameters, duration of noninvasive ventilation, rate of extubation failure, and incidence of complications, such as nasal damage, abdominal distension, and intraventricular hemorrhage...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407220/patient-controlled-analgesia-with-remifentanil-versus-alternative-parenteral-methods-for-pain-management-in-labour
#13
REVIEW
Stephanie Weibel, Yvonne Jelting, Arash Afshari, Nathan Leon Pace, Leopold Hj Eberhart, Johanna Jokinen, Thorsten Artmann, Peter Kranke
BACKGROUND: Multiple analgesic strategies for pain relief during labour are available. Recently remifentanil, a short-acting opioid, has recently been used as an alternative analgesic due to its unique pharmacological properties. OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the effectiveness of remifentanil intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for labour pain, along with any potential harms to the mother and the newborn. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (9 December 2015), ClinicalTrials...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406862/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-corticosteroids-in-pediatric-septic-shock-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#14
Kusum Menon, Dayre McNally, Katharine O'Hearn, Anand Acharya, Hector R Wong, Margaret Lawson, Tim Ramsay, Lauralyn McIntyre, Elaine Gilfoyle, Marisa Tucci, David Wensley, Ronald Gottesman, Gavin Morrison, Karen Choong
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial of corticosteroids in pediatric septic shock. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial. SETTING: Seven tertiary level PICUs in Canada. PATIENTS: Children newborn to 17 years old inclusive with suspected septic shock. INTERVENTION: Administration of IV hydrocortisone versus placebo until hemodynamic stability is achieved or for a maximum of 7 days...
April 12, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403455/maternal-active-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-low-birth-weight-in-the-americas-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Priscilla Perez da Silva Pereira, Fabiana A F Da Mata, Ana Claudia Godoy Figueiredo, Keitty Regina Cordeiro de Andrade, Maurício Gomes Pereira
Introduction: Smoking during pregnancy may negatively impact newborn birth weight. This study investigates the relationship between maternal active smoking during pregnancy and low birth weight in the Americas through systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: A literature search was conducted through indexed databases and the grey literature. Case-control and cohort studies published between 1984 and 2016 conducted within the Americas were included without restriction regarding publication language...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403084/the-comparative-preemptive-analgesic-efficacy-of-addition-of-vitamin-b-complex-to-gabapentin-versus-gabapentin-alone-in-women-undergoing-cesarean-section-under-spinal-anesthesia-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#16
Marzieh Beigom Khezri, Nahid Nasseh, Ghodratollah Soltanian
BACKGROUND: Development of new multimodal analgesic regimens have led to substantial improvement in postoperative pain relief. We designed this study to compare the effect of combined vitamin B complex-gabapentin versus gabapentin alone on postoperative pain in women undergoing cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight women who underwent cesarean section under spinal anesthesia were randomized to receive orally 300 mg gabapentin (group G) or 300 mg of gabapentin plus 2 vitamin B complex (group GB) tablets 30 minutes before surgery...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395175/oxygen-and-oxidative-stress-in-the-perinatal-period
#17
REVIEW
Isabel Torres-Cuevas, Anna Parra-Llorca, Angel Sánchez-Illana, Antonio Nuñez-Ramiro, Julia Kuligowski, Consuelo Cháfer-Pericás, María Cernada, Justo Escobar, Máximo Vento
Fetal life evolves in a hypoxic environment. Changes in the oxygen content in utero caused by conditions such as pre-eclampsia or type I diabetes or by oxygen supplementation to the mother lead to increased free radical production and correlate with perinatal outcomes. In the fetal-to-neonatal transition asphyxia is characterized by intermittent periods of hypoxia ischemia that may evolve to hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy associated with neurocognitive, motor, and neurosensorial impairment. Free radicals generated upon reoxygenation may notably increase brain damage...
March 12, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388979/antenatal-education-on-pregnant-adolescents-in-turkey-prenatal-adaptation-postpartum-adaptation-and-newborn-perceptions
#18
Yılda Arzu Aba, Nuran Kömürcü
PURPOSE: This clinical trial study was planned in order to evaluate the effect of antenatal education on antenatal and postpartum adaptation and newborn perceptions among adolescent pregnant women. METHODS: A research assistant met with pregnant adolesencents in a Family Health Center and at the participants' homes. The sample included 70 pregnant adolescents (35 in experimental group, 35 in control group) chosen through simple random sampling. The experimental group received antenatal eduation, whereas the control group merely had routine surveillance...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388953/a-randomized-controlled-study-on-the-efficacy-of-a-novel-combination-vaccine-against-enzootic-pneumonia-mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae-and-porcine-circovirus-type-2-pcv2-in-the-presence-of-strong-maternally-derived-pcv2-immunity-in-pigs
#19
Panagiotis D Tassis, Ioannis Tsakmakidis, Vassileios G Papatsiros, Dimitrios Koulialis, Tom Nell, Georgia Brellou, Eleni D Tzika
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyo) and Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (PCV2) are major pathogens that cause significant health problems in swine worldwide. Maternal derived immunity (MDI) has been suggested as a significant immediate defence factor for newborn piglets and may interfere with piglet's vaccination-induced immunity. The study aimed to assess the efficacy of a novel combination vaccine (consisting of PCV2 subunits and inactivated M. hyo strain J), against PCV2 and M...
April 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384091/comparison-of-breastfeeding-outcomes-between-using-the-laid-back-and-side-lying-breastfeeding-positions-in-mothers-delivering-by-cesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Pawin Puapornpong, Kasem Raungrongmorakot, Wipada Laosooksathit, Tharangrut Hanprasertpong, Sukwadee Ketsuwan
BACKGROUND: The breastfeeding position routinely used following a cesarean section is the side-lying position. However, there have been few studies about the effect of breastfeeding positions, including laid-back position on breastfeeding outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the breastfeeding outcomes between using laid-back and side-lying breastfeeding positions in mothers delivering by cesarean section. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted...
April 6, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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