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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088203/a-3-arm-randomised-controlled-trial-of-communicating-healthy-beginnings-advice-by-telephone-chat-to-mothers-with-infants-to-prevent-childhood-obesity
#1
Li Ming Wen, Chris Rissel, Louise A Baur, Alison J Hayes, Huilan Xu, Anna Whelan, Myna Hua, Miranda Shaw, Philayrath Phongsavan
BACKGROUND: With an increasing prevalence of obesity in young children globally, there is an urgent need for the development of effective early interventions. A previous Healthy Beginnings Trial using a nurse-led home visiting program has demonstrated that providing mothers with evidence-based advice can improve maternal practice regarding obesity prevention, and can reduce Body Mass Index (BMI) in the first few years of life. However, the costs for scale-up of home visiting limit its population reach...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079900/a-curated-gene-list-for-reporting-results-of-newborn-genomic-sequencing
#2
Ozge Ceyhan-Birsoy, Kalotina Machini, Matthew S Lebo, Tim W Yu, Pankaj B Agrawal, Richard B Parad, Ingrid A Holm, Amy McGuire, Robert C Green, Alan H Beggs, Heidi L Rehm
PURPOSE: Genomic sequencing (GS) for newborns may enable detection of conditions for which early knowledge can improve health outcomes. One of the major challenges hindering its broader application is the time it takes to assess the clinical relevance of detected variants and the genes they impact so that disease risk is reported appropriately. METHODS: To facilitate rapid interpretation of GS results in newborns, we curated a catalog of genes with putative pediatric relevance for their validity based on the ClinGen clinical validity classification framework criteria, age of onset, penetrance, and mode of inheritance through systematic evaluation of published evidence...
January 12, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076969/the-successful-immediate-neonatal-transition-to-extrauterine-life
#3
Alexandra Michel, Nancy K Lowe
PURPOSE: To define and describe the processes underlying the successful neonatal transition to extrauterine life and methods to assess the transition. METHOD: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Embase, Web of Science, and Google Scholar were searched using a combination of the key words neonate, neonatal, newborn, transition, respiratory OR pulmonary, cardiac, metabolic, pH, umbilical cord, and assessment. Articles in English and German were reviewed...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073958/rudeness-and-medical-team-performance
#4
Arieh Riskin, Amir Erez, Trevor A Foulk, Kinneret S Riskin-Geuz, Amitai Ziv, Rina Sela, Liat Pessach-Gelblum, Peter A Bamberger
OBJECTIVES: Rudeness is routinely experienced by medical teams. We sought to explore the impact of rudeness on medical teams' performance and test interventions that might mitigate its negative consequences. METHODS: Thirty-nine NICU teams participated in a training workshop including simulations of acute care of term and preterm newborns. In each workshop, 2 teams were randomly assigned to either an exposure to rudeness (in which the comments of the patient's mother included rude statements completely unrelated to the teams' performance) or control (neutral comments) condition, and 2 additional teams were assigned to rudeness with either a preventative (cognitive bias modification [CBM]) or therapeutic (narrative) intervention...
January 10, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070970/influence-of-sunflower-seed-oil-or-baby-lotion-on-the-skin-barrier-function-of-newborns-a-pilot-study
#5
Varvara Kanti, Malise Günther, Andrea Stroux, Sabine Sawatzky, Wolfgang Henrich, Michael Abou-Dakn, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Natalie Garcia Bartels
BACKGROUND: Skin care influences skin barrier function during the first postnatal weeks. Although the use of natural oils in preterms has been investigated, there are currently no data comparing the effect of sunflower oil to an emollient on barrier development in healthy term newborns. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized clinical study, 50 healthy full-term newborns aged ≤72 h were randomly assigned to two groups: group baby lotion (L, n=22) and sunflower seed oil (SSO, n=24)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067624/modelling-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-mice-how-much-oxygen-is-enough
#6
Claudio Nardiello, Ivana Mižíková, Diogo M Silva, Jordi Ruiz-Camp, Konstantin Mayer, István Vadász, Susanne Herold, Werner Seeger, Rory E Morty
Progress in developing new therapies for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is sometimes complicated by the lack of a standardised animal model. Our objective was to develop a robust hyperoxia‑based mouse model of BPD that recapitulated the pathological perturbations to lung structure noted in infants with BPD. Newborn mouse pups were exposed to a varying fraction of oxygen in the inspired air (FiO2) and a varying window of hyperoxia exposure, after which lung structure was assessed by design‑based stereology with systemic uniform random sampling...
December 14, 2016: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064421/impact-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-reduce-bedsharing-on-breastfeeding-rates-and-duration-for-african-american-infants
#7
Rachel Y Moon, Anita Mathews, Brandi L Joyner, Rosalind P Oden, Jianping He, Robert McCarter
Bedsharing is associated with both increased breastfeeding and increased risk of sudden and unexpected infant deaths. The objective was to determine impact of sleep location and counseling about sleep location on breastfeeding exclusivity and duration in African-Americans. 1194 mothers of newborns were randomized to receive messaging emphasizing either safe sleep practices to reduce SIDS risk or safe sleep practices to prevent SIDS/suffocation. Mothers completed four interviews in the 6 months after delivery...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057874/pregnancy-and-live-birth-rates-after-microsurgical-vasoepididymostomy-for-azoospermic-patients-with-epididymal-obstruction
#8
Jing Peng, Zhichao Zhang, Yiming Yuan, Wanshou Cui, Weidong Song
STUDY QUESTION: Can microsurgical vasoepididymostomy (MVE) be an effective treatment for azoospermic men with epididymal obstruction? SUMMARY ANSWER: MVE is an effective treatment for epididymal obstruction, with overall patency and live birth rates of 76.3% and 34.8%, respectively. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: We showed that MVE was an effective treatment for non-vasectomized patients with epididymal obstruction and prior failed sperm retrieval for ICSI...
January 5, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056289/-correlation-analysis-of-the-pre-pregnant-body-mass-index-the-gestational-weight-gain-and-umbilical-cord-blood-c-peptide
#9
X L Chen, Y Han, X M Zhao, Y Liu, J J Lü
Objective: To explore the correlation among the pre-pregnant body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and umbilical cord blood C peptide, and to investigate the influence of maternal weight management on the incidence of baby long-term metabolic syndrome. Methods: During May to Aug.2015, 485 pregnant women in Zhejiang Taizhou first people's hospital and Taizhou Huangyan maternal &child care service centre were selected in random and divided into four groups according to pre-pregnant BMI: low body mass, normal body mass, over body mass and obese group, and also divided into two groups for getting gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or not...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051876/efficacy-of-breastfeeding-on-babies-pain-during-vaccinations
#10
Münevver Erkul, Emine Efe
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled experimental study was to evaluate the effect of breastfeeding on the pain of babies during vaccination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample of the study consisted of 100 babies who complied with the sampling criteria between July and November 2012. The babies breastfed from their mothers 5 minutes before, during, and after the vaccine injections. The Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS), duration of crying, heart rate, and oxygen saturation were evaluated before, during, and after the vaccine injections...
January 4, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043180/the-effect-of-body-and-mind-stress-releasing-techniques-on-the-breastfeeding-of-full-term-babies-a-critical-analysis-of-published-interventional-studies
#11
Catherine Fotiou, Tania Siahanidou, Petros V Vlastarakos, Evangelia Filothei Tavoulari, George Chrousos
OBJECTIVE: To critically assess the effectiveness of complementary/alternative medicine modalities, comprising body/mind stress-releasing techniques, on the breastfeeding (BF) success of mothers of full-term newborns. METHODS: Literature review in Medline and other available database sources until December 2015, and critical analysis of pooled data. The study selection included randomized-controlled trials, case-control studies, and case-series. RESULTS: The total number of analyzed studies was 9...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042676/vitamin-d-insufficiency-in-the-first-6-months-of-infancy-and-challenge-proven-ige-mediated-food-allergy-at-1-year-of-age-a-case-cohort-study
#12
John Molloy, Jennifer J Koplin, Katrina J Allen, Mimi L K Tang, Fiona Collier, John B Carlin, Richard Saffery, David Burgner, Sarath Ranganathan, Terence Dwyer, Alister C Ward, Margarita Moreno-Betancur, Michael Clarke, Anne Louise Ponsonby, Peter Vuillermin
BACKGROUND: Ecological evidence suggests vitamin D insufficiency (VDI) due to lower ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure may be a risk factor for IgE-mediated food allergy. However there are no studies relating directly measured VDI during early infancy to subsequent challenge-proven food allergy. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the association between VDI during infancy and challenge-proven food allergy at 1 year. METHODS: In a birth cohort (n=1074), we used a case-cohort design to compare 25-hydroxy-vitamin-D3 (25(OH)D3 ) levels among infants with food allergy versus a random subcohort (n=274)...
January 2, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036072/maternal-exposure-to-domestic-hair-cosmetics-and-occupational-endocrine-disruptors-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-hypospadias-in-the-offspring
#13
Elodie Haraux, Karine Braun, Philippe Buisson, Erwan Stéphan-Blanchard, Camille Devauchelle, Jannick Ricard, Bernard Boudailliez, Pierre Tourneux, Richard Gouron, Karen Chardon
Pregnant women are exposed to various chemical products at home and at work. Some of these products contain endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) such as cosmetics, pesticides, industrial chemicals, heavy metals, plastics or medications that could alter sexual differentiation and increase the risk of hypospadias. We evaluated maternal occupational and household exposures that could constitute risk factors for hypospadias. From 2011 to 2014, we enrolled 57 full-term newborns with hypospadias and three randomly selected controls per case (162 control newborns), matched for gestational age, from 11 maternity units in Picardy, France...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034411/female-respondent-acceptance-of-computer-assisted-personal-interviewing-capi-for-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-coverage-surveys-in-rural-uganda
#14
Hannah Faye G Mercader, Jerome Kabakyenga, David Tumusiime Katuruba, Amy J Hobbs, Jennifer L Brenner
INTRODUCTION: High maternal and child mortality continues in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Measurement of maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) coverage indicators often involves an expensive, complex, and lengthy household data collection process that is especially difficult in less-resourced settings. Computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) has been proposed as a cost-effective and efficient alternative to traditional paper-and-pencil interviewing (PAPI). However, the literature on respondent-level acceptance of CAPI in LMIC has reported mixed outcomes...
February 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028516/the-effect-of-head-covering-in-prevention-of-phototherapy-induced-hypocalcemia-in-icterus-newborns-with-gestational-age-less-than-35-weeks
#15
Behzad Barekatain, Zohrea Badiea, Neda Hoseini
BACKGROUND: Hypocalcemia is one of the complications of phototherapy resulted from influence of phototherapy in melatonin secretion reducing corticosterone and ultimately increasing bone uptake. In this study, effect of head covering in prevention of this common and serious complication is studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized clinical trial study conducted on premature infants with gestational age <35 weeks with jaundice. Infants were divided into two groups (n = 43)...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024912/early-diagnosis-and-outcome-prediction-of-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-with-color-doppler-ultrasound
#16
B Guan, C Dai, Y Zhang, L Zhu, X He, N Wang, H Liu
PURPOSE: To describe the ultrasound presentation of the brain and cerebral hemodynamics in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) by comparison with control subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During June 2012 to April 2013, full term neonates who had clinical evidence of HIE were enrolled. Healthy newborns without HIE were used as a control group. Cerebral parenchyma, size of lateral ventricles and hemodynamic parameters of cerebral arteries were studied using two-dimensional duplex and color Doppler ultrasound...
December 23, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024900/what-is-the-best-pain-management-during-gastric-tube-insertion-for-infants-aged-0-12months-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Shaolin Chen, Qing Zhang, Ri-Hua Xie, Shi Wu Wen, Denise Harrison
PROBLEM: Synthesized evidence on the effectiveness of pain management for nasogastric tube (NGT) and orogastric tube (OGT) insertions in infants is lacking. This paper is a systematic review of the effectiveness of pain management for gastric tube (GT) insertion in infants. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Randomized control trial (RCT) or quasi-experimental studies published up to April 2016, on pain management strategies during GT insertions (either NGT or OGT) in infants up to 12months of age...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011345/genotyping-of-friesian-horses-to-detect-a-hydrocephalus-associated-c-1423c-t-mutation-in-b3galnt2-using-pcr-rflp-and-pcr-pira-methods-frequency-in-stallion-horses-in-m%C3%A3-xico
#18
Miguel Angel Ayala-Valdovinos, Jorge Galindo-García, David Sánchez-Chiprés, Theodor Duifhuis-Rivera
Hydrocephalus in Friesian horses is an autosomal recessive hereditary disease that can result in an abortion, a stillbirth, or euthanization of a newborn foal. Here, the hydrocephalus-associated c.1423C > T mutation in B3GALNT2 gene was detected with PCR-RFLP and PCR-PIRA methods for horse genotyping. A preliminary genotyping survey was performed on 83 randomly selected Friesian stallion horses to determine the current allele frequency in Mexico. The frequency of the mutant T allele was 9.6%.
December 21, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009335/influence-of-maternal-factors-on%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-successful-outcome-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-low-birth-weight-infants-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
S N Lumbanraja
BACKGROUND: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is associated with positive neonatal outcomes. Studies demonstrated significant influence of maternal factors on the success of applying KMC. AIM: To determine maternal factors that influence on anthropometric parameters in low birth weight babies that received kangaroo mother care. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled study that involved low birth weight newborns. We randomly assigned newborns into two groups; a group who received KMC and a group who received conventional care...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008749/insight-responsive-parenting-intervention-is-associated-with-healthier-patterns-of-dietary-exposures-in-infants
#20
Emily E Hohman, Ian M Paul, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a responsive parenting (RP) intervention affects infant dietary patterns. METHODS: Primiparous mother-newborn dyads (n = 291) were randomized to the Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories (INSIGHT) RP intervention or control. Curricula were delivered at nurse home visits at ages 3, 16, 28, and 40 weeks. RP group feeding guidance advised responsive feeding, delayed introduction of solids, repeated exposure to novel foods, and age-appropriate portion sizes...
January 2017: Obesity
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