keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Randomized newborn

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774465/effect-of-inositol-stereoisomers-at-different-dosages-in-gestational-diabetes-an-open-label-parallel-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Federica Fraticelli, Claudio Celentano, Isaia Al Zecca, Giacoma Di Vieste, Basilio Pintaudi, Marco Liberati, Marica Franzago, Marta Di Nicola, Ester Vitacolonna
AIMS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common metabolic disorder of pregnancy. The aim of the study is to compare the effect of different dosages of inositol stereoisomers supplementation on insulin resistance levels and several maternal-fetal outcomes in GDM women. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated to receive daily: 400 mcg folic acid (control treatment), 4000 mg myo-inositol plus 400 mcg folic acid (MI treatment), 500 mg D-chiro-inositol plus 400 mcg folic acid (DCI treatment) or 1100/27...
May 17, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771431/study-of-molecular-mechanisms-of-learning-and-memory-impairment-in-neonatal-rats-post-intrauterine-distress-via-the-pathway-of-tau-protein-hyperphosphorylation
#2
X-S Wang, H Huang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the reversion of the excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists against the impairment of learning-memory and the hyperphosphorylation of protein Tau induced by fetal intrauterine distress in neonatal rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis of variance of factorial design set up two intervention factors, fetal intrauterine distress (two levels: no fetal intrauterine distress and a course of fetal intrauterine distress) and the excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists (three levels: Saline; NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801; astragalosides)...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765353/fentanyl-induces-cerebellar-internal-granular-cell-layer-apoptosis-in-healthy-newborn-pigs
#3
Hemmen Sabir, John Dingley, Emma Scull-Brown, Ela Chakkarapani, Marianne Thoresen
Background: Opioids like fentanyl are regularly used in neonates for analgesia and sedation. So far, they have been reported to be safe and eligible to use. The cerebellum has become a focus of neurodevelopmental research within the last years, as it is known to play an important role in long-lasting motor, cognitive, and other behavioral changes. The cerebellar cortex is of major importance in the coordinative role of the cerebellum and highly vulnerable to injury and impaired growth...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764722/middle-ear-disease-in-children-with-cleft-palate
#4
REVIEW
Tulasi Kota Karanth, Kenneth R Whittemore
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to summarize all aspects of middle ear diseases in children with cleft palate (CP). METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and The Cochrane Library were searched for English-language randomized control trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, systematic reviews and observational studies published through 31st July 2017. RESULTS: Epidemiology and pathogenesis of middle ear diseases in children with cleft palate have been discussed in this review...
May 12, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764569/-combined-effect-of-gestational-age-and-birth-weight-on-metabolites-related-to-inherited-metabolic-diseases-in-neonates
#5
Fang Yi, Ling Wang, Mei Wang, Xue-Lian Yuan, Hua-Jing Wan, Jia-Yuan Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the combined effect of gestational age and birth weight on metabolites related to inherited metabolic diseases (IMD). METHODS: A total of 3 381 samples ruled out of IMD by follow-up were randomly selected from 38 931 newborns who participated in the neonatal IMD screening during 2014-2016. The 3 381 neonates were categorized into seven groups according to their gestational age and birth weight: extremely preterm appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) group (n=12), preterm small-for-gestational age (SGA) group (n=18), preterm AGA group (n=219), preterm large-for-gestational age (LGA) group (n=18), full-term SGA group (n=206), full-term AGA group (n=2 677), and full-term LGA group (n=231)...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762734/estimation-of-direct-and-maternal-genetic-parameters-for-individual-birth-weight-weaning-weight-and-probe-weight-in-yorkshire-and-landrace-pigs
#6
K Alves, F S Schenkel, L F Brito, J A B Robinson
As a result of selecting for increased litter size, newborn piglets are being born lighter and have a lower chance of survival. Raising fewer pigs to market weight would have a negative impact on the industry and farmer profitability, thus understanding the genetics of individual growth performance traits will determine whether these traits will play an important role in pig breeding schemes. This study aimed to estimate genetic parameters for individual birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW) and probe weight (PW) in Canadian purebred Yorkshire and Landrace pigs...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760355/interventions-integrating-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-a-systematic-review
#7
Kimiyo Kikuchi, Rakesh Ayer, Sumiyo Okawa, Mariko Nishikitani, Fumihiko Yokota, Masamine Jimba, Naoki Nakashima
Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) care services could be critical entry points for preventing non-communicable diseases in women and children. In high-income countries, non-communicable diseases screening has been integrated into both the medical and public health systems. To integrate these services in low- and middle-income countries, it is necessary to closely examine its effectiveness and feasibility. In this systematic review, we evaluated the effectiveness of integrating gestational and non-gestational non-communicable diseases interventions and RMNCH care among women and children in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744754/less-is-more-similar-efficacy-in-three-sessions-and-seven-sessions-of-pulsed-dye-laser-treatment-in-infantile-port-wine-stain-patients
#8
Jiafang Zhu, Wenxin Yu, Tianyou Wang, Yijie Chen, Dongze Lyu, Lei Chang, Gang Ma, Xiaoxi Lin
Port-wine stains (PWS) affect 0.3 to 0.5% of newborns and pulsed dye laser (PDL) remains the treatment of choice. However, no reliable study regarding the benefits of more frequent has been conducted. We designed the present study to evaluate whether more frequent PDL treatments in infantile patients would achieve further lightening of erythema. We prospectively investigated 20 infants with PWS. Two adjacent sites were both treated for a 12-week duration and randomly allocated to be treated for seven sessions at 2-week intervals or three sessions at 6-week intervals...
May 10, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743860/ameliorative-effects-of-spirulina-platensis-against-lead-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-newborn-rats-modulation-of-oxidative-stress-and-histopathological-changes
#9
Manel Gargouri, Ahlem Soussi, Amel Akrouti, Christian Magné, Abdelfattah El Feki
Our experimental work was aimed at evaluating the safety and protective effects of dietary spirulina supplementation on the kidney of newborn rats, the offspring of lead contaminated lactating mothers. Female rats were randomly divided into four groups: group I (control) was given a normal diet, group II (positive control, S) received a diet enriched with spirulina , group III received only lead through drinking water (Pb), and group IV received both a diet enriched with spirulina and lead contaminated water (S Pb)...
2018: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733222/the-analgesic-effects-of-maternal-milk-odor-on-newborns-a-meta-analysis
#10
Shiyi Zhang, Fang Su, Jing Li, Weiju Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effects of maternal milk odor on newborns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the literature in PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and collected all the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of maternal milk odor versus scentless or other odors on procedural pain in newborns. The quality of included studies was assessed by the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias tool...
May 7, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730659/myxedema-coma-due-to-hashimoto-thyroiditis-a-rare-but-real-presentation-of-failure-to-thrive-in-infancy
#11
Ryan A Heksch, Rohan K Henry
BACKGROUND: Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is uncommon in infancy, and myxedema coma (MC) is even less common. While prior reports have documented these entities separately, to our knowledge, MC in combination with HT has not been reported before in this age group. METHODS/RESULTS: A 10-month-old female presented with ptosis, lethargy, dysphagia, and failure to thrive (FTT). She developed hypotension, bradycardia, hypothermia, and apnea requiring intubation. Initial thyroid-stimulating hormone was 422 μIU/mL, and free thyroxine was < 0...
May 4, 2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725376/low-dose-aspirin-at-%C3%A2-16-weeks-of-gestation-for-preventing-preeclampsia-and-its-maternal-and-neonatal-adverse-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Yuechong Cui, Bin Zhu, Fei Zheng
The aim of the present meta-analysis study was to evaluate the efficacy of low-dose aspirin, commenced at ≤16 weeks of gestation, in preventing preterm and term preeclampsia, as well as associated maternal and neonatal adverse events in women at risk of preeclampsia. The Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the Web of Science databases were searched for relevant random controlled trials (RCTs) published between January 1979 and October 2017. After quality assessment and data extraction, a meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724194/a-community-based-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-crct-to-evaluate-the-impact-and-operational-assessment-of-safe-motherhood-and-newborn-health-promotion-package-study-protocol
#13
Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury, Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Sk Masum Billah, Sanwarul Bari, Tazeen Tahsina, Mohammad Mehedi Hasan, Sajia Islam, Tajul Islam, Rintaro Mori, Shams El Arifeen
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable progress in reduction of both under-five and maternal mortality in recent decades, Bangladesh is still one of the low and middle income countries with high burden of maternal and neonatal mortality. The primary objective of the current study is to measure the impact of a comprehensive package of interventions on maternal and neonatal mortality. In addition, changes in coverage, quality and utilization of maternal and newborn health (MNH) services, social capital, and cost effectiveness of the interventions will be measured...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723449/-impacts-of-des-on-the-expressions-of-related-genes-in-the-gubernaculums-testis-of-newborn-mice
#14
Wei-Liao Li, Xuan Zhang, Yuan-Sheng DU, Jian-Hong Li, Xue-Wu Jiang
Objective: To investigate the influence of diethylstilbestrol (DES) on the mRNA expressions of the androgen receptor (AR), estrogen receptor α (ERα), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and actin alpha 1 (ACTα1) in the gubernaculums testis of newborn mice and explore their action mechanisms. METHODS: A total of 140 male Kunming mice were randomly divided into a blank control, a dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) control, and 5 experimental groups to be treated subcutaneously with normal saline, DMSO, and DES at 0...
July 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715355/effect-of-glyburide-vs-subcutaneous-insulin-on-perinatal-complications-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Marie-Victoire Sénat, Helene Affres, Alexandra Letourneau, Magali Coustols-Valat, Marie Cazaubiel, Helene Legardeur, Julie Fort Jacquier, Nathalie Bourcigaux, Emmanuel Simon, Anne Rod, Isabelle Héron, Virginie Castera, Loic Sentilhes, Florence Bretelle, Catherine Rolland, Mathieu Morin, Philippe Deruelle, Celine De Carne, François Maillot, Gael Beucher, Eric Verspyck, Raoul Desbriere, Sandrine Laboureau, Delphine Mitanchez, Jean Bouyer
Importance: Randomized trials have not focused on neonatal complications of glyburide for women with gestational diabetes. Objective: To compare oral glyburide vs subcutaneous insulin in prevention of perinatal complications in newborns of women with gestational diabetes. Design, Settings, and Participants: The Insulin Daonil trial (INDAO), a multicenter noninferiority randomized trial conducted between May 2012 and November 2016 (end of participant follow-up) in 13 tertiary care university hospitals in France including 914 women with singleton pregnancies and gestational diabetes diagnosed between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation...
May 1, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712500/effects-of-fentanyl-for-pain-control-and-neuroprotection-in-very-preterm-newborns-on-mechanical-ventilation
#16
Jie Qiu, Li Zhao, Yang Yang, Jing-Han Zhang, Yun Feng, Rui Cheng
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the cerebral protection effect of fentanyl infusion in very preterm infants in the first 72 h of mechanical ventilation. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, mechanically ventilated newborns (< 32 weeks' gestational age) were randomized to fentanyl (continuous infusion of fentanyl) or placebo (continuous infusion of glucose, controls) in the first 72 h of the mechanical ventilation period. The premature infant pain profile (PIPP), cerebral blood flow velocity, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) concentrations in plasma samples, and cerebral function monitoring (CFM) recordings were evaluated...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707205/timely-referral-saves-the-lives-of-mothers-and-newborns-midwifery-led-continuum-of-care-in-marginalized-teagarden-communities-a-qualitative-case-study-in-bangladesh
#17
Animesh Biswas, Rondi Anderson, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Abu Sayeed Md Abdullah, Nabila Purno, Fazlur Rahman, Abdul Halim
Background: Prompt and efficient identification, referral of pregnancy related complications and emergencies are key factors to the reduction of maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. As a response to this critical need, a midwifery led continuum of reproductive health care was introduced in five teagardens in the Sylhet division, Bangladesh during 2016. Within this intervention, professional midwives provided reproductive healthcare to pregnant teagarden women in the community.  This study evaluates the effect of the referral of pregnancy related complications...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705115/suction-mask-vs-conventional-mask-ventilation-in-term-and-near-term-infants-in-the-delivery-room-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Laila Lorenz, Christoph M Rüegger, Eoin O'Currain, Jennifer A Dawson, Marta Thio, Louise S Owen, Susan M Donath, Peter G Davis, C Omar F Kamlin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the suction mask, a new facemask that uses suction to create a seal between the mask and the infant's face, with a conventional soft, round silicone mask during positive pressure ventilation (PPV) in the delivery room in newborn infants >34 weeks of gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center randomized controlled trial in the delivery room. The primary outcome was mask leak. RESULTS: Forty-five infants were studied at a median gestational age of 38...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703577/enhancing-parent-talk-reading-and-play-in-primary-care-sustained-impacts-of-the-video-interaction-project
#19
Carolyn Brockmeyer Cates, Adriana Weisleder, Samantha Berkule Johnson, Anne M Seery, Caitlin F Canfield, Harris Huberman, Benard P Dreyer, Alan L Mendelsohn
OBJECTIVE: To determine the early impacts of pediatric primary care parenting interventions on parent cognitive stimulation in low socioeconomic status families and whether these impacts are sustained up to 1.5 years after program completion. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized controlled trial included assignment to 1 of 2 interventions (Video Interaction Project [VIP] or Building Blocks) or to a control group. Mother-newborn dyads were enrolled postpartum in an urban public hospital...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701082/the-protective-effect-of-melatonin-in-lungs-of-newborn-rats-exposed-to-maternal-nicotine
#20
A Yildiz, N Vardi, M G Karaaslan, B Ates, E Taslidere, M Esrefoglu
We investigated possible healing effects of melatonin (MEL) on biochemical and histological changes in the lungs of rat offspring caused by exposure to nicotine (NT) in utero. Pregnant rats were divided randomly into five groups. The SP group was treated with physiological saline. The EA group was treated with ethyl alcohol. The MEL group was treated with MEL. The NT group was treated with NT. The NT + MEL group was treated with NT and MEL. At the end of the study, the biochemistry and histopathology of lung tissue of the offspring were examined...
April 27, 2018: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
keyword
keyword
118940
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"