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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737618/evaluation-of-ulnar-sided-wrist-pain
#1
Manuel F DaSilva, Avi D Goodman, Joseph A Gil, Edward Akelman
Determining the etiology of ulnar-sided wrist pain is often challenging. The condition may be acute or chronic, and differential diagnoses include injuries to the ulnar carpal bones, ligament tears, tendinitis, vascular conditions, osteoarthritis and systemic arthritis, and ulnar nerve compression. An anatomically based, methodical physical examination coupled with provocative maneuvers, including piano key, ulnar impaction, shuck, foveal stress, and extensor carpi ulnaris synergy tests, further defines the differential diagnosis...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736620/peroneal-tendon-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Kinner Davda, Karan Malhotra, Paul O'Donnell, Dishan Singh, Nicholas Cullen
Pathological abnormality of the peroneal tendons is an under-appreciated source of lateral hindfoot pain and dysfunction that can be difficult to distinguish from lateral ankle ligament injuries.Enclosed within the lateral compartment of the leg, the peroneal tendons are the primary evertors of the foot and function as lateral ankle stabilisers.Pathology of the tendons falls into three broad categories: tendinitis and tenosynovitis, tendon subluxation and dislocation, and tendon splits and tears. These can be associated with ankle instability, hindfoot deformity and anomalous anatomy such as a low lying peroneus brevis or peroneus quartus...
June 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735552/a-prospective-study-on-the-effect-of-sport-specialization-on-lower-extremity-injury-rates-in-high-school-athletes
#3
Timothy A McGuine, Eric G Post, Scott J Hetzel, M Alison Brooks, Stephanie Trigsted, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization is associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal lower extremity injuries (LEIs) in adolescent athletes presenting in clinical settings. However, sport specialization and the incidence of LEIs have not been investigated prospectively in a large population of adolescent athletes. PURPOSE: To determine if sport specialization was associated with an increased risk of LEIs in high school athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728791/the-effects-of-achilles-tendon-compliance-on-triceps-surae-mechanics-and-energetics-in-walking
#4
Maria Isabel V Orselli, Jason R Franz, Darryl G Thelen
Achilles tendon (AT) compliance can affect the generation and transmission of triceps surae muscle forces, and thus has important biomechanical consequences for walking performance. However, the uniarticular soleus (SOL) and the biarticular (GAS) function differently during walking, with in vivo evidence suggesting that their associated fascicles and tendinous structures exhibit unique kinematics during walking. Given the strong association between muscle fiber length, velocity and force production, we conjectured that SOL and GAS mechanics and energetic behavior would respond differently to altered AT compliance...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717615/outcomes-of-prolotherapy-for-intra-tendinous-achilles-tears-a-case-series
#5
Otto Chan, Ben Havard, Sarah Morton, Mel Pritchard, Nicola Maffulli, Tom Crisp, Nat Padhiar, Jeremy David Perry, John King, Dylan Morrissey
BACKGROUND: The intra-tendinous tear is a new pathology that is defined as a discontinuity of fibres situated entirely within the tendon. Prolotherapy involves injecting an irritant, such as hyperosmolar dextrose, to stimulate a tissue healing response and ultimately reduce pain. METHODS: 43 consecutive patients diagnosed with an intra-tendinous tear were included (27 males: 16 females, mean (SD) age 41 (11.3). Patients were injected with 0.4ml-1.5ml (mean 0.8ml) of 50% dextrose and 0...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708327/sonography-of-non-neoplastic-disorders-of-the-hand-and-wrist-tendons
#6
REVIEW
Salvatore Gitto, Anna Guja Draghi, Ferdinando Draghi
Tendon disorders commonly cause hand and wrist disability and curtail the performance of work-related duties or routine tasks. Imaging is often needed for diagnosis, but it requires knowledge of the complex anatomic structures of the tendons of the hand and wrist as well as familiarity with related disorders. This review article aims to provide medical professionals with guidelines for the sonographic assessment of the tendons of hand and wrist and related disorders. Sonographic features of tendon disorders affecting the hand and wrist are described here, specifically: infectious tenosynovitis; tendon rupture or tearing; stenosing forms of tenosynovitis such as De Quervain disease and trigger finger; intersection syndrome; insertional tendinopathy; several forms of tendinous instability such as extensor carpi ulnaris instability, climber finger, and boxer knuckle; and tendinopathy in inflammatory rheumatic diseases...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694858/local-application-of-vibration-in-motor-rehabilitation-scientific-and-practical-considerations
#7
Daniela Poenaru, Delia Cinteza, Irina Petrusca, Liliana Cioc, Dan Dumitrascu
Vibration stimulates specific receptors, cutaneous and musculo-tendinous. The aff erent impulses travel through spinal neurons to thalamus and cortical structures. The local muscular response to a vibration is a tonic vibratory refl ex. This refl ex depends on many factors: frequency, amplitude, and tendon and muscle length. Based upon this refl ex, vibration produced alteration of isometric and isotonic contraction, fl exibility, spasticity. Many studies investigated facilitator eff ects on movement in stroke patients and spinal cord injuries...
September 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688837/tendon-disorders-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-evaluation-and-management
#8
REVIEW
Brian M Capogna, Kartik Shenoy, Thomas Youm, Steven A Stuchin
BACKGROUND: Most patients who undergo total hip arthroplasty are very satisfied with their outcomes. However, there is a small subset of patients who have persistent pain after surgery. The etiology of pain after total hip arthroplasty varies widely; however, tendon disorders are a major cause of debilitating pain that often go unrecognized. METHODS: We performed a literature review to identify the most common tendon pathologies after total hip arthroplasty which include iliopsoas tendinitis, greater trochanteric pain syndrome, snapping hip syndrome, and abductor tendinopathy...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686366/-the-hand-review-of-the-main-pathologies-for-the-primary-care-physician
#9
Nadia Carità Cambon, Olivier Pasche, Laurent Wehrli
The general practitioner is often the first person to have to assess and treat a patient complaining about his hand, especially in areas far away from an emergency health center. The hand is the largest sensitive area of our cortex. It is the most used part of our body and is therefore prone to traumas, cuts, infections, tendinous inflammation and compressive nerve disorders. This article summarises the main pathologies a primary care physician has to deal with.
September 28, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671887/defining-the-anatomy-of-the-tendinous-intersections-of-the-rectus-abdominis-muscle-and-their-clinical-implications-in-functional-muscle-neurotization
#10
Justin M Broyles, Mark D Schuenke, Sima R Patel, Caroline M Vail, Heather V Broyles, A Lee Dellon
PURPOSE: Little is known about the definitive course of the tendinous intersections from anterior to posterior through the rectus abdominis (RA) muscle. The implications of a full thickness intersection may have effects on the ability to neurotize the RA. We hypothesized that these tendinous inscriptions would be fully adherent to the anterior rectus sheath, but there would be an incomplete penetrance into the posterior surface, thereby allowing for muscle fibers and neurovascular structures to run the entire course of the RA muscle...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664844/longus-colli-tendinitis-a-review-of-literature-and-case-series
#11
Ahmed Shawky, Belal Elnady, Essam El-Morshidy, Wael Gad, Ali Ezzati
PURPOSE: To increase the awareness of longus colli tendinitis (LCT) among spine specialists and to present a practical overview of diagnostic and treatment options, so that unnecessary interventions are avoided. Five sample cases from a German spine center will also be presented. METHODS: Literature review and case series. A PubMed search was performed in May 2015, and the articles found were reviewed for clinical presentation, investigations, and treatment. The frequency of publication of LCT cases and the specialty of journals were also noted...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663378/factors-contributing-to-lower-metabolic-demand-of-eccentric-than-concentric-cycling
#12
Luis Penailillo, Anthony John Blazevich, Kazunori Nosaka
This study compared muscle-tendon behavior, muscle oxygenation and muscle activity between eccentric and concentric cycling exercise at the same work output to investigate why metabolic demand is lower during eccentric than concentric cycling. Eleven untrained men (27.1 ± 7.0 y) performed concentric cycling (CONC) and eccentric cycling (ECC) for 10 min (60 rpm) at 65% of the maximal concentric cycling power output (191 ± 45 W) four weeks apart. During cycling, oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR), vastus lateralis (VL) tissue total hemoglobin (tHb) and oxygenation index (TOI) were recorded, and muscle-tendon behavior was assessed using ultrasonography...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659055/chronic-calcific-periarthritis-of-the-elbow-treated-by-cimetidine-administration-five-cases
#13
Hiroo Kimura, Takuji Iwamoto, Satoshi Oki, Noboru Matsumura, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kazuki Sato
Calcific periarthritis or calcific tendinitis occurs most frequently in the shoulder and rarely in the elbow. Cimetidine was previously reported to be effective for chronic calcific periarthritis of the shoulder. Here, we present five patients with chronic calcific periarthritis of the elbow treated by administration of cimetidine; there were six affected elbows in these five patients. Although all patients had been treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for at least 3 months, their symptoms were not relieved...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649793/characteristics-of-acute-groin-injuries-in-the-hip-flexor-muscles-a-detailed-mri-study-in-athletes
#14
Andreas Serner, Adam Weir, Johannes L Tol, Kristian Thorborg, Frank Roemer, Ali Guermazi, Eduardo Yamashiro, Per Hölmich
Hip flexor injuries account for one third of acute groin injuries; however, little is known about specific injury characteristics. The aims of this study was to describe acute hip flexor injuries using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in athletes with acute groin pain, and to compare specific muscle injuries with reported injury situations. Male athletes with acute groin pain were prospectively and consecutively included during 3 sports seasons. MRI was performed within 7 days of injury using a standardized protocol and a reliable assessment approach...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626196/acute-calcific-prevertebral-tendinitis
#15
Tsuneaki Kenzaka, Ayako Kumabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624011/peroneal-tendon-pathology-pre-and-post-operative-high-resolution-us-and-mr-imaging
#16
REVIEW
Yogesh Kumar, Ali Alian, Shivani Ahlawat, Dane K Wukich, Avneesh Chhabra
Peroneal tendon pathology is an important cause of lateral ankle pain and instability. Typical peroneal tendon disorders include tendinitis, tenosynovitis, partial and full thickness tendon tears, peroneal retinacular injuries, and tendon subluxations and dislocations. Surgery is usually indicated when conservative treatment fails. Familiarity with the peroneal tendon surgeries and expected postoperative imaging findings is essential for accurate assessment and to avoid diagnostic pitfalls. Cross-sectional imaging, especially ultrasound and MRI provide accurate pre-operative and post-operative evaluation of the peroneal tendon pathology...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619059/critical-shoulder-angle-combined-with-age-predict-five-shoulder-pathologies-a-retrospective-analysis-of-1000-cases
#17
Philipp R Heuberer, Fabian Plachel, Lukas Willinger, Philipp Moroder, Brenda Laky, Leo Pauzenberger, Fritz Lomoschitz, Werner Anderl
BACKGROUND: Acromial morphology has previously been defined as a risk factor for some shoulder pathologies. Yet, study results are inconclusive and not all major shoulder diseases have been sufficiently investigated. Thus, the aim of the present study was to analyze predictive value of three radiological parameters including the critical shoulder angle, acromion index, and lateral acromion angle in relationship to symptomatic patients with either cuff tear arthropathy, glenohumeral osteoarthritis, rotator cuff tear, impingement, and tendinitis calcarea...
June 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607904/review-article-retropharyngeal-abscess-mimickers-and-masqueraders
#18
Paresh Pramod Naik, Jayita Poduval, Shilpa Divakaran
To discuss a case of suspected retropharyngeal abscess having important clinical and academic significance. This paper discusses an unusual presentation and evolution of a well known condition such as retropharyngeal abscess. Though the diagnosis in this case was initially a retropharyngeal abscess, several unusual findings were evident, which interfered with the optimal management of the patient. A literature review revealed rare causes and lesions mimicking a retropharyngeal abscess, such as retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis and Kawasaki disease, which are neither familiar to otolaryngologists nor other specialists such as orthopedicians...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603571/pes-anserinus-syndrome-caused-by-osteochondroma-in-paediatrics-a-case-series-study
#19
Akio Sakamoto, Shuichi Matsuda
INTRODUCTION: Osteochondroma is a common benign bone tumor, protruding from the underlying normal bone. Osteochondromas can cause pain depending on their location and size. The pes anserinus is located at the proximal medial side of the tibia, where the tendinous insertions of the sartorius, gracilis and semitendinosus muscles collectively attach. Pes anserinus syndrome, or anserine bursitis, is a painful condition of the pes anserinus, and is more common in adults typically with overweight females...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594508/lateral-ankle-instability-and-peroneal-tendon-pathology
#20
Michael Isiah Sandlin, Cyrus E Taghavi, Timothy P Charlton, Richard D Ferkel
Surgeons should understand the anatomic, vascular, biomechanical, and predisposing factors related to lateral ankle instability and peroneal tendon injuries, including peroneal tendinitis and tenosynovitis, peroneal tendon tears and ruptures, as well as peroneal tendon subluxation and dislocation. Surgeons should understand the treatment options and recommendations for patients who have lateral ankle instability and peroneal tendon injuries from the perspective of a sports medicine foot and ankle specialist...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
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