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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150297/prolonged-stretching-of-the-ankle-plantarflexors-elicits-muscle-tendon-adaptations-relevant-to-ankle-gait-kinetics-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#1
Teresa Martín Lorenzo, Eduardo Rocon, Ignacio Martínez Caballero, Ana Ramírez Barragán, Sergio Lerma Lara
Tissue related ankle hyper-resistance has been reported to contribute to equinus gait in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Hence, ankle plantarflexor stretching programs have been developed in order to restore passive ankle dorsiflexion. Despite high quality evidence on the limited effects of stretching on passive joint mobility, further muscle-tendon adaptations have been reported which may impact gait performance. As such, children with spastic cerebral palsy subject to long-term manual static stretching achieved dorsiflexion gains through the reduction of muscle and fascicle strain whilst preserving tendon strain, and prolonged use of ankle-foot orthoses achieved similar dorsiflexion gains through increased tendon strain whilst preserving muscle and fascicle strain...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145245/case-reports-about-an-overlooked-cause-of-neck-pain-calcific-tendinitis-of-the-longus-colli-case-reports
#2
Yeong-Jin Kim, Jae-Young Park, Ki-Young Choi, Bong-Ju Moon, Jung-Kil Lee
STUDY DESIGN: Case description. OBJECTIVE: Acute calcific tendinitis of the longus colli muscle is a rare clinical entity that causes severe neck pain. This entity is not well recognized due to its nonspecific presentation such as acute neck pain, neck stiffness, and odynophagia. The importance of this disease with a review of the literature is presented. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Acute calcific tendinitis of the longus colli muscle is an inflammatory condition caused by deposition of calcium hydroxyapatite in the superior oblique tendon fibers of the longus colli muscle...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145108/acute-calcific-tendinitis-of-the-longus-colli-muscle-masquerading-as-a-retropharyngeal-abscess-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Uthman Alamoudi, Ahmed A Al-Sayed, Yasser AlSallumi, Matthew H Rigby, S Mark Taylor, Robert D Hart, Jonathan R B Trites
INTRODUCTION: Acute calcific longus colli tendinitis, also known as retropharyngeal or acute calcific prevertebral tendinitis, is a reactive self-limiting inflammatory response to acute or subacute deposition of amorphous calcium hydroxyapatite crystals in the tendons of the longus colli muscle, anterior to the C1-C2 disk space. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old man presented with a complaint of neck pain and odynophagia over a few days. Blood test findings showed mild leukocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein level...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118481/role-of-cytology-in-early-diagnosis-of-cerebrotendinous-xanthomas
#4
Shreosee Roy, Arghya Bandyopadhyay, Kaushik Bose, Soumi Bhattacharyya
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis is a rare autosomal recessive lipid storage disease characterized by widespread tissue deposition of two neutral sterols, cholestenol and cholesterol, resulting in tendinous xanthomas, juvenile cataracts, progressive neurological defects, and premature death from arteriosclerosis. Because it is a treatable cause of cerebellar ataxia and dementia, its early diagnosis is desirable. Here, we have reported the case of an 11-year-old boy with this disorder who was diagnosed based on the cytological findings of fine needle aspiration and clinical features...
October 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081852/the-aetiology-of-the-non-ossifying-fibroma-of-the-distal-femur-and-its-relationship-to-the-surrounding-soft-tissues
#5
A Goldin, D A Muzykewicz, J Dwek, S J Mubarak
PURPOSE: We aim to retrospectively evaluate patients with non-ossifying fibroma (NOF) of the distal femur by radiographs, CT and MRI, and to provide a theory describing the reasoning for the distal femur NOF's location and aetiology. METHODS: Charts of patients with NOFs between 2003 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Inclusion criteria encompassed a diagnosis of NOF of the distal femur by imaging, and histologically, if available. Radiographs, CT and MRI were used to characterise the relationship of the NOF lesions with the surrounding soft tissues...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078821/tendonitis-and-tendinopathy-what-are-they-and-how-do-they-evolve
#6
REVIEW
Andrew E Federer, John R Steele, Travis J Dekker, Jordan L Liles, Samuel B Adams
The development of tendinitis and tendinopathy is often multifactorial and the result of both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Intrinsic factors include anatomic factors, age-related factors, and systemic factors, whereas extrinsic factors include mechanical overload and improper form and equipment. Although tendinitis and tendinopathy are often incorrectly used interchangeably, they are in 2 distinct pathologies. Due to their chronicity and high prevalence in tendons about the ankle, including the Achilles tendon, the posterior tibialis tendon, and the peroneal tendons, tendinitis and tendinopathies cause significant morbidity and are important pathologies for physicians to recognize...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067288/gene-therapy-using-plasmid-dna-encoding-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-164-and-fibroblast-growth-factor-2-genes-for-the-treatment-of-horse-tendinitis-and-desmitis-case-reports
#7
Milomir Kovac, Yaroslav A Litvin, Ruslan O Aliev, Elena Yu Zakirova, Catrin S Rutland, Andrey P Kiyasov, Albert A Rizvanov
In this clinical study, for the first time we used the direct gene therapy to restore severe injuries of the suspensory ligament branch and superficial digital flexor tendon in horses (Equus caballus). We injected the plasmid DNA encoding two therapeutic species-specific growth factors: vascular endothelial growth factor 164 and fibroblast growth factor 2 at the site of injury in the suspensory ligament branch and tendon. Treatment effects were evaluated with the use of clinical observation and ultrasound imaging during a period of a few months...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067221/acute-calcific-tendinitis-of-the-longus-colli-muscle-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Ahmed Abdelbaki, Shady Abdelbaki, Neeraj Bhatt, Nishant Gupta, Shuo Li, Ahmadreza Ghasemiesfe, Yogesh Kumar
Acute calcific tendinitis (ACT) of the longus colli muscle is a rare cause of debilitating neck pain. The ACT is presumed to be an aseptic inflammatory process of the superior oblique tendons of the longus colli muscle. It is often confused with other more concerning conditions including trauma, epidural abscess, disc herniation, and neoplasm. We present two cases of ACT and a brief literature review to stress the risk of misdiagnosis. A 38-year-old male presented with neck pain and stiffness accompanied by dysphagia...
August 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038147/imputation-of-baseline-ldl-cholesterol-concentration-in-patients-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia-on-statins-or-ezetimibe
#9
Isabelle Ruel, Sumayah Aljenedil, Iman Sadri, Émilie de Varennes, Robert A Hegele, Patrick Couture, Jean Bergeron, Eric Wanneh, Alexis Baass, Robert Dufour, Daniel Gaudet, Diane Brisson, Liam R Brunham, Gordon A Francis, Lubomira Cermakova, James M Brophy, Arnold Ryomoto, G B John Mancini, Jacques Genest
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the most frequent genetic disorder seen clinically and is characterized by increased LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) (>95th percentile), family history of increased LDL-C, premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in the patient or in first-degree relatives, presence of tendinous xanthomas or premature corneal arcus, or presence of a pathogenic mutation in the LDLR, PCSK9, or APOB genes. A diagnosis of FH has important clinical implications with respect to lifelong risk of ASCVD and requirement for intensive pharmacological therapy...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021905/the-waterpolo-shoulder-paradigm-results-of-ultrasound-surveillance-at-poolside
#10
Felice Galluccio, Eleonora Bellucci, Francesco Porta, Lorenzo Tofani, Amato De Paulis, Diana Bianchedi, Tatiana Barskova, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
BACKGROUND: Waterpolo consists of a combination of swimming and throwing with close contact between players. The shoulder is the most frequently injured joint, with a combination of rotator cuff tear and tendinopathy, long head biceps tendinopathy, superior labral lesions and shoulder impingement. This unique combination is a challenge for the clinician who must determine which of these shoulder pathologies is responsible for the onset of pain and the best strategy to rehabilitate the joint and prevent recurrence...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969821/editorial-commentary-increased-risk-of-second-ruptures-and-poorer-outcomes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-and-reconstruction-in-hypermobile-athletes-a-potential-synergism-of-passive-ligamentous-and-active-muscular-control-of-dynamic-knee-stability
#11
EDITORIAL
Timothy E Hewett
Graft failure rates were higher and inferior subjective outcomes were observed after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in patients with generalized hypermobility. This is a clear and corroborative finding that is highly consilient with other reports of similar studies from the published literature. However, controversy remains regarding other potentially predictive and confounding variables. For example, age, activity level, sex, and dynamic neuromuscular control were not considered in this interesting, important, and potentially impactful study...
October 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951280/the-relationship-of-the-anterior-articular-capsule-to-the-adjacent-subscapularis-an-anatomic-and-histological-study
#12
C-J Lee, M-L Yeh, C-H Chang, F L Chiang, C-K Hong, W-R Su
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to delineate the anatomic relationship between the anterior articular capsule and the adjacent subscapularis by measuring the dimensions of the anterior articular capsule attachment and the subscapularis footprint on the humerus, as well as investigating the interface between the two structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three shoulder specimens underwent histological analysis; for histological analysis, cross-sections through the subscapularis-capsule complex were harvested at the tendinous and muscular insertion sites...
September 22, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948372/comparative-anatomy-on-3-d-mri-of-the-urogenital-sinus-and-the-periurethral-area-before-and-during-the-second-stage-of-labor-during-childbirth
#13
Jean-Christophe Maran, Lucie Cassagnes, Vincent Delmas, Dominique Musset, René Frydman, Gérard Mage, Michel Canis, Louis Boyer, Olivier Ami
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe the observable MRI changes in the urogenital sinus during the second stage of labor and delivery by comparing the changes in the positions of the anatomical structures of the maternal perineum using MRI-based vector 3-D models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven pregnant women underwent 3-D MRI sequences using a Philips 1 T Panorama open MRI during the pre-labor period and during the second stage of labor. A 3-D vector reconstruction platform (BABYPROGRESS, France) enabled the transformation of volumes of 2-D images into finite element meshes...
September 26, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936378/a-novel-type-of-coracobrachialis-muscle-variation-and-a-proposed-new-classification
#14
Georgi P Georgiev, Boycho Landzhov, R Shane Tubbs
During a routine anatomical dissection in the right brachium of a 75-year-old male cadaver, a novel variation of the coracobrachialis muscle (CB) was discovered. It consisted of three parts: proximal, starting from the upper border of the scapula; medial, presenting the well-accessed CB; and distal, formed by a proximal tendinous part that arose from the coracoid process and then transitioned into a well-defined muscle body and a distal tendinous part attached to the medial epicondyle. We also present a new systematic classification of CB variations, dividing them into two simple groups...
July 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932697/thoracic-wall-trauma-misdiagnosed-lesions-on-radiographs-and-usefulness-of-ultrasound-multidetector-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
REVIEW
Xavier Tomas, Catherine Facenda, Nuno Vaz, Edgar Augusto Castañeda, Montserrat Del Amo, Ana Isabel Garcia-Diez, Jaime Pomes
Blunt injuries to the chest wall are an important chapter on emergency room (ER) departments, being the third most common injuries in trauma patients which ominous complications could appear. This article describes different types of traumatic events affecting the chest wall, which maybe misdiagnosed with conventional X-ray. Special emphasis has been done in computed tomography (CT) and multidetector CT (MDCT) imaging. This technique is considered the "gold-standard" for those traumatic patients, due to its fast acquisition covering the whole area of interest in axial plane, reconstructing multiplanar (2D, 3D) volume-rendered images with a superb quality and angiographic CT capabilities for evaluating vascular damage...
August 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926470/acceptability-and-practicality-of-the-turkish-translation-of-pediatric-gait-arm-legs-and-spine-in-turkish-children
#16
Ezgi Deniz Batu, Özge Keniş Coşkun, Hafize Emine Sönmez, Duygu Karali, Elif Arslanoğlu Aydin, Yelda Bilginer, Evrim Karadağ Saygi, Seza Özen
BACKGROUND: The pediatric Gait, Arms, Leg, and Spine (pGALS) is a practical questionnaire for musculoskeletal (MSK) system evaluation in school-age children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptability/practicality of pGALS Turkish translation in Turkey (cross-sectional study). METHODS: The Turkish translation of pGALS was administered to children (4-18 years) who attended to the Pediatric Emergency Department of Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey, and the outpatient clinic of the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department of Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey, during 1 month in 2016...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925568/the-fibular-meniscus-of-the-kangaroo-as-an-adaptation-against-external-tibial-rotation-during-saltatorial-locomotion
#17
Adrian C Miller, Martin A Cake, Natalie M Warburton
The kangaroo knee is, as in other species, a complex diarthrodial joint dependent on interacting osseous, cartilaginous and ligamentous components for its stability. While principal load bearing occurs through the femorotibial articulation, additional lateral articulations involving the fibula and lateral fabella also contribute to the functional arrangement. Several fibrocartilage and ligamentous structures in this joint remain unexplained or have been misunderstood in previous studies. In this study, we review the existing literature on the structure of the kangaroo 'knee' before providing a new description of the gross anatomical and histological structures...
December 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918489/yersinia-enterocolitica-biotype-1a-a-possible-new-trigger-of-reactive-arthritis
#18
Riitta Tuompo, Timo Hannu, Elisa Huovinen, Leila Sihvonen, Anja Siitonen, Marjatta Leirisalo-Repo
Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) biotype 1A is generally considered non-pathogenic, and the role of it in causing reactive musculoskeletal complications is unclear. We evaluated the capability of YE biotype 1A to induce reactive arthritis (ReA) and other reactive musculoskeletal symptoms. Analysis of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms was supplemented with a telephone interview (with a permission to acquire copies of patient files from a local physician or hospital) and/or clinical examination of subjects with recent musculoskeletal symptoms after a positive stool culture for YE...
November 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899560/nerve-injuries-to-the-volar-aspect-of-the-hand-a-comparison-of-the-reliability-of-the-weber-static-test-versus-the-gauze-test
#19
Charles Bijon, Juan José Hidalgo Diaz, Chiara Pizza, Sybille Facca, Alexis Pereira, Philippe Liverneaux
When examining lacerations to the volar aspect of the hand a gauze test may usually be performed to detect nerve injuries. However, published literature suggests that its sensitivity and specificity are lower than 100%. The aim of this study was to determine whether a Weber static (main hypothesis) and dynamic test or a Semmes-Weinstein test (secondary hypotheses) could be a more reliable test than the gauze test to rule out any nerve injury and avoid unnecessary wound explorations. Our case series included a total of 102 patients presenting with 123 palmar lacerations and 158 nerve injuries...
September 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898104/rotator-cuff-calcific-tendinitis-ultrasound-guided-needling-and-lavage-versus-subacromial-corticosteroids-five-year-outcomes-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Pieter Bas de Witte, Arjen Kolk, Ferdinand Overes, Rob G H H Nelissen, Monique Reijnierse
BACKGROUND: Barbotage (needling and lavage) is often applied in the treatment of calcific tendinitis of the rotator cuff (RCCT). In a previously published randomized controlled trial, we reported superior clinical and radiological 1-year outcomes for barbotage combined with a corticosteroid injection in the subacromial bursa (SAIC) compared with an isolated SAIC. There are no trials with a midterm or long-term follow-up of barbotage available. PURPOSE: To compare the 5-year results of 2 regularly applied treatments of RCCT: ultrasound (US)-guided barbotage combined with a SAIC (group 1) versus an isolated US-guided SAIC (group 2)...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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