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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523991/response-to-socially-mediated-metacognition-for-understanding-science-of-learning-in-medical-education
#1
Holly C Gooding, Elizabeth Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520913/when-theatre-comes-to-engineering-design-oh-how-creative-they-can-be
#2
Ferris M Pfeiffer, Rachel Bauer, Steve Borgelt, Suzanne Burgoyne, Sheila Grant, Heather Hunt, Jennie Pardoe, David Schmidt
The creative process is fun, complex, and sometimes frustrating, but it is critical to the future of our nation and progress in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, as well as other fields. Thus, we set out to see if implementing methods of active learning typical to the theatre department could impact the creativity of senior capstone design students in the Bioengineering department. Senior Bioengineering capstone design students were allowed to self-select into groups. Prior to the beginning of coursework, all students completed a validated survey measuring engineering design self-efficacy...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520235/high-dimensional-neural-network-potentials-for-complex-systems
#3
Jörg Behler
Modern simulation techniques have reached a level of maturity, which allows addressing a wide range of problems in chemistry and materials science. Unfortunately, the application of first principles methods with predictive power is still limited to rather small systems, and in spite of the rapid evolution of computer hardware no fundamental change of this situation can be expected. Consequently, to reach an atomic level understanding of complex systems, the development of more efficient but equally reliable atomistic potentials has received considerable attention in recent years...
May 18, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516233/medical-image-data-and-datasets-in-the-era-of-machine-learning-whitepaper-from-the-2016-c-mimi-meeting-dataset-session
#4
Marc D Kohli, Ronald M Summers, J Raymond Geis
At the first annual Conference on Machine Intelligence in Medical Imaging (C-MIMI), held in September 2016, a conference session on medical image data and datasets for machine learning identified multiple issues. The common theme from attendees was that everyone participating in medical image evaluation with machine learning is data starved. There is an urgent need to find better ways to collect, annotate, and reuse medical imaging data. Unique domain issues with medical image datasets require further study, development, and dissemination of best practices and standards, and a coordinated effort among medical imaging domain experts, medical imaging informaticists, government and industry data scientists, and interested commercial, academic, and government entities...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515960/patient-centered-network-of-learning-health-systems-developing-a-resource-for-clinical-translational-research
#5
L J Finney Rutten, A Alexander, P J Embi, G Flores, C Friedman, I V Haller, P Haug, D Jensen, S Khosla, G Runger, N D Shah, T Winden, V L Roger
INTRODUCTION: The Learning Health System Network clinical data research network includes academic medical centers, health-care systems, public health departments, and health plans, and is designed to facilitate outcomes research, pragmatic trials, comparative effectiveness research, and evaluation of population health interventions. METHODS: The Learning Health System Network is 1 of 13 clinical data research networks assembled to create, in partnership with 20 patient-powered research networks, a National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network...
February 2017: J Clin Transl Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515702/on-the-tacit-aspects-of-science-pedagogy-in-higher-education
#6
Ramakrishnan Sitaraman
In this article, we examine the concept of tacit knowledge and its implications for science education. We suggest that the history of scientific ideas and the personal nature of learning imply that higher education in scientific fields, wherein the generation of new knowledge, insights and understanding is paramount, would greatly benefit by acknowledging the irreducible role of the non-formal and the incidental in scientific innovation and advances.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512519/an-internship-may-not-be-enough-enhancing-bioscience-industry-job-readiness-through-practicum-experiences
#7
Jason M Cramer, Paul T Hamilton
In contrast to the narrowing of options in academic careers, the bioscience industry offers robust employment opportunities for STEM-trained workers, especially those who display both scientific and business talent. Unfortunately, traditional science programs typically lack curricular features that develop this type of worker. The North Carolina State University Master of Microbial Biotechnology (MMB) program facilitates industry-specific experiential learning to fill this training gap. Similar programs often rely on a single industry internship to provide students relevant work experience, but completion of one internship might not suffice to position students for employment in a highly competitive job market...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512514/first-year-and-non-first-year-student-expectations-regarding-in-class-and-out-of-class-learning-activities-in-introductory-biology
#8
Tanya L Brown, Kathleen R Brazeal, Brian A Couch
National calls for teaching transformation build on a constructivist learning theory and propose that students learn by actively engaging in course activities and interacting with other students. While interactive pedagogies can improve learning, they also have the potential to challenge traditional norms regarding class participation and learning strategies. To better understand the potential openness of students to interactive teaching practices, we administered a survey during the first week of two sections of an introductory biology course to characterize how students envisioned spending time during class as well as what activities they expected to complete outside of class during non-exam weeks and in preparation for exams...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510572/1-2-million-kids-and-counting-mobile-science-laboratories-drive-student-interest-in-stem
#9
Amanda L Jones, Mary K Stapleton
In today's increasingly technological society, a workforce proficient in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) skills is essential. Research has shown that active engagement by K-12 students in hands-on science activities that use authentic science tools promotes student learning and retention. Mobile laboratory programs provide this type of learning in schools and communities across the United States and internationally. Many programs are members of the Mobile Lab Coalition (MLC), a nonprofit organization of mobile and other laboratory-based education programs built on scientist and educator collaborations...
May 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508785/assessing-the-educational-needs-of-health-information-management-staff-of-the-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences-iran
#10
Khalil Kimiafar, Abbas Sheikhtaheri, Masoumeh Sarbaz, Masoumeh Hoseini
Health information management (HIM) professionals have a combination of skills and, at the same time, the demand for their skills in the health system is increasing rapidly. This study aimed to assess the educational needs of the HIM staff in Iran. This descriptive analytical study was conducted in eight teaching hospitals. It was found that the maximum educational needs concerned the knowledge of medical terminology, occupational safety, legal aspects, the newest rules and regulations, and ministry guidelines, while the least of the felt needs related to insurance and other aspects of registry, data ownership, and data quality...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508673/ayurvedic-college-education-reifying-biomedicine-and-the-need-for-reflexivity
#11
Maarten Bode, Prasan Shankar
The paper analyses the experiences with government sanctioned Ayurvedic college education of 14 young Ayurvedic doctors working at the Integrative Health Centre in Bangalore, India. Unfamiliarity with Ayurvedic logic and Indian natural philosophies, lack of clinical training and the mixing-up of Ayurvedic and biomedical notions are their main complaints. The 14 young Ayurvedic doctors also missed a convincing perspective on how to integrate Ayurvedic logic, modern scientific knowledge and biomedical diagnostics...
May 16, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507695/ani-1-an-extensible-neural-network-potential-with-dft-accuracy-at-force-field-computational-cost
#12
J S Smith, O Isayev, A E Roitberg
Deep learning is revolutionizing many areas of science and technology, especially image, text, and speech recognition. In this paper, we demonstrate how a deep neural network (NN) trained on quantum mechanical (QM) DFT calculations can learn an accurate and transferable potential for organic molecules. We introduce ANAKIN-ME (Accurate NeurAl networK engINe for Molecular Energies) or ANI for short. ANI is a new method designed with the intent of developing transferable neural network potentials that utilize a highly-modified version of the Behler and Parrinello symmetry functions to build single-atom atomic environment vectors (AEV) as a molecular representation...
April 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505523/trainers-perception-of-the-learning-environment-and-student-competency-a-qualitative-investigation-of-midwifery-and-anesthesia-training-programs-in-ethiopia
#13
Sharon Kibwana, Rachel Haws, Adrienne Kols, Firew Ayalew, Young-Mi Kim, Jos van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has successfully expanded training for midwives and anesthetists in public institutions. This study explored the perceptions of trainers (instructors, clinical lab assistants and preceptors) towards the adequacy of students' learning experience and implications for achieving mastery of core competencies. METHODS: In-depth interviews with 96 trainers at 9 public universities and 17 regional health science colleges across Ethiopia were conducted to elicit their opinions about available resources, program curriculum suitability, and competence of graduating students...
May 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503906/more-than-words-the-role-of-multiword-sequences-in-language-learning-and-use
#14
Morten H Christiansen, Inbal Arnon
The ability to convey our thoughts using an infinite number of linguistic expressions is one of the hallmarks of human language. Understanding the nature of the psychological mechanisms and representations that give rise to this unique productivity is a fundamental goal for the cognitive sciences. A long-standing hypothesis is that single words and rules form the basic building blocks of linguistic productivity, with multiword sequences being treated as units only in peripheral cases such as idioms. The new millennium, however, has seen a shift toward construing multiword linguistic units not as linguistic rarities, but as important building blocks for language acquisition and processing...
May 14, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503375/network-science-meets-respiratory-medicine-for-osas-phenotyping-and-severity-prediction
#15
Stefan Mihaicuta, Mihai Udrescu, Alexandru Topirceanu, Lucretia Udrescu
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common clinical condition. The way that OSAS risk factors associate and converge is not a random process. As such, defining OSAS phenotypes fosters personalized patient management and population screening. In this paper, we present a network-based observational, retrospective study on a cohort of 1,371 consecutive OSAS patients and 611 non-OSAS control patients in order to explore the risk factor associations and their correlation with OSAS comorbidities. To this end, we construct the Apnea Patients Network (APN) using patient compatibility relationships according to six objective parameters: age, gender, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), neck circumference (NC) and the Epworth sleepiness score (ESS)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499684/flying-lessons-for-clinicians-developing-system-2-practice
#16
Jerome N Gregoire, Celeste M Alfes, Andrew P Reimer, Mary F Terhaar
There is a long history of adopting lessons learned from aviation to improve health care practice. Two of the major practices that have successfully transferred include using a checklist and simulation. Training and simulation technology is currently underdeveloped for nurses and health care providers entering critical care transport. This article describes a pedagogical approach adopted from aviation to develop a new simulation platform and program of research to develop the science of critical care transport nursing education...
May 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498004/a-sequential-implementation-model-for-workforce-development-a-case-study-of-medical-residency-training-for-substance-use-concerns
#17
Patricia S O'Sullivan, Patrick Yuan, Derek D Satre, Maria Wamsley, Jason Satterfield
PROBLEM: In graduate medical education, residency programs are often educationally isolated from each other, with varying needs and patient populations, so strategies are needed when attempting to implement training in evidence-based practices across multiple residencies. INTERVENTION: Using implementation science as a guide, we adapted a community development model to sequentially implement an evidence-based intervention, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol and drug use problems, across internal medicine, pediatrics, emergency medicine, psychiatry, and obstetrics and gynecology residency programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496268/effect-of-a-dedicated-pharmacy-student-summer-research-program-on-publication-rate
#18
Katharina Brandl, David Adler, Carolyn Kelly, Palmer Taylor, Brookie M Best
Objectives. This study investigated the impact of an optional 12-week summer research program on the publication outcomes and satisfaction with the required research projects of doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (SSPPS) at the University of California San Diego. Methods. PubMed and Google searches provided student publications, and satisfaction surveys submitted by students provided their perceptions of the research project value. Results. Of the studied cohort, the 130 students who fulfilled the requirement through the optional summer research program provided 61 full-text manuscripts and 113 abstracts...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495934/how-should-i-study-for-the-exam-self-regulated-learning-strategies-and-achievement-in-introductory-biology
#19
Amanda J Sebesta, Elena Bray Speth
In college introductory science courses, students are challenged with mastering large amounts of disciplinary content while developing as autonomous and effective learners. Self-regulated learning (SRL) is the process of setting learning goals, monitoring progress toward them, and applying appropriate study strategies. SRL characterizes successful, "expert" learners, and develops with time and practice. In a large, undergraduate introductory biology course, we investigated: 1) what SRL strategies students reported using the most when studying for exams, 2) which strategies were associated with higher achievement and with grade improvement on exams, and 3) what study approaches students proposed to use for future exams...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495106/israel-health-and-beyond
#20
REVIEW
Karl Skorecki, Richard Horton
The principle that global human identity and dignity supersede other values is a broadly accepted conviction that guides practice and policies in the realm of human health in most of the world. An assessment of the level of success that Israel has achieved in health, in the face of formidable challenges, including rapid population growth, diverse and often divided ethnic affiliations, and existential security threats, leads us to propose that extension of this principle of global human identity and dignity, together with the objective of a decent society, as overriding values beyond health to other domains of human endeavour within Israel and in its relations with neighbouring peoples, represents an entirely achievable imperative...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
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