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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649765/next-creating-an-interdisciplinary-alliance-to-diminish-informational-barriers-for-public-health-nursing
#1
Emily M Johnson, Krista Jones, Patricia Eathington, Carmen Howard, Rebecca Raszewski, Naomi M Twigg
BACKGROUND: Public health nurses (PHNs) are challenged in obtaining opportunities to learn evidence-based practice (EBP). An interdisciplinary alliance was created between health sciences librarians and nurse educators to create a continuing education (CE) opportunity. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effectiveness of CE training for PHNs on the knowledge gained about the EBP process and information resources. METHODS: Ten in-person CE workshops were offered to 69 attendees in rural and urban areas...
June 25, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649456/development-of-a-self-directed-online-learning-curriculum-to-increase-community-engaged-research-in-clinical-and-translational-science
#2
Joyce E Balls-Berry, Heather Billings, Laura Ernste, Miguel Valdez Soto, Katrin Frimannsdottir, Karen Weavers, Victor M Montori, Christi A Patten
BACKGROUND: Medical research strives to improve health; community-engaged research (CEnR) supports translation to the community. METHODS: This article describes the use of andragogical theory to develop asynchronous CEnR training. RESULTS: A total of 43 researchers and community members completed at least one module. The majority (67%-100%) stated that training met their educational needs and noted a desire for more information. CONCLUSION: The curriculum reinforced CEnR principles to enhance medical research...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648551/science-politics-and-communication-the-case-of-community-water-fluoridation-in-the-us
#3
Myron Allukian, Olivia D Carter-Pokras, Barbara F Gooch, Alice M Horowitz, Hiroko Iida, Matt Jacob, Dushanka V Kleinman, Jayanth Kumar, William R Maas, Howard Pollick, R Gary Rozier
Community water fluoridation (CWF) and its effect in reducing the burden of dental caries (tooth decay) is considered one of the 10 public health achievements in the 20th century. In the U.S., three-quarters (74.4%) of people on community water supplies have optimally fluoridated water, and each year approximately 90 communities actively consider starting or discontinuing CWF. CWF exists within the policy environment and includes actions taken by local community councils, health and water boards, and groups; state legislatures and health departments; national regulatory and science agencies; independent science entities; and professional and nonprofit organizations...
May 29, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647790/should-degree-programs-in-biomedical-and-health-informatics-be-dedicated-or-integrated-reflections-and-recommendations-after-more-than-40%C3%A2-years-of-medical-informatics-education-at-tu-braunschweig-including-10%C3%A2-years-of-b-sc-and-15%C3%A2-years-of-m-sc-integrated
#4
Reinhold Haux, Michael Marschollek, Klaus-Hendrik Wolf, Ute Zeisberg
Education in biomedical and health informatics (BMHI) has been established in many countries throughout the world. For degree programs in BMHI we can distinguish between those that are completely stand-alone or dedicated to the discipline vs. those that are integrated within another program. After running integrated degree medical informatics programs at TU Braunschweig for 10 years at the B.Sc. and for 15 years at the M.Sc level, we (1) report about this educational approach, (2) analyze recommendations on, implementations of, and experiences with degree educational programs in BMHI worldwide, (3) summarize our lessons learned with the integrated approach at TU Braunschweig, and (4) suggest an answer to the question, whether degree programs in biomedical and health informatics should be dedicated or integrated...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647546/a-review-of-the-effects-of-very-low-nicotine-content-cigarettes-on-behavioral-and-cognitive-performance
#5
Diana R Keith, Allison N Kurti, Danielle R Davis, Ivori A Zvorsky, Stephen T Higgins
The present systematic review examines whether very low nicotine content (VLNC) cigarettes ameliorate withdrawal-induced impairments in behavioral/cognitive performance. PubMed, PsycInfo, and Web of Science were searched for performance effects of VLNC cigarettes. For inclusion, reports had to be in English, published in a peer-reviewed journal through June 2017, examine VLNC cigarettes (<0.2mg nicotine yield), include ≥2hour smoking abstinence or reduced nicotine exposure, and examine performance. 19 of 1243 articles reviewed met inclusion criteria...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643302/-comparison-of-robotic-and-laparoscopic-total-mesorectal-excision
#6
Pan Chi, Zhifen Chen
Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) has been commonly applied in the operation of mid-low rectal cancer, but the conventional laparoscopic TME has the disadvantages of major operative difficulty and long learning-curve, due to its limitations of 2-dimension vision and common laparoscopic instruments. Robotic surgical system with high-qualified 3-dimenstion vision and flexible Endo Wrist instruments can overcome those limitations of conventional laparoscopy, and is useful for the TME that demands deep pelvic operation and flexible dissection in the space of distal rectum...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642727/-learning-science-is-about-facts-and-language-learning-is-about-being-discursive-an-empirical-investigation-of-students-disciplinary-beliefs-in-the-context-of-argumentation
#7
Patricia Heitmann, Martin Hecht, Ronny Scherer, Julia Schwanewedel
Argumentation is considered crucial in numerous disciplines in schools and universities because it constitutes an important proficiency in peoples' daily and professional lives. However, it is unclear whether argumentation is understood and practiced in comparable ways across disciplines. This study consequently examined empirically how students perceive argumentation in science and (first) language lessons. Specifically, we investigated students' beliefs about the relevance of discourse and the role of facts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642100/jcl-roundtable-future-of-the-lipid-laboratory-using-the-laboratory-to-manage-the-patient-part-2
#8
REVIEW
William Virgil Brown, Yehuda Handelsman, Seth S Martin, Pamela B Morris
The measurement of cholesterol and triglycerides as indicators of metabolic disorders and most particularly of vascular disease risk has been of growing importance to physicians and epidemiologists over the past century. This was refocused on the lipoproteins, the specific packages in blood that carry these lipids, by John Gofman, MD, PhD, and Don Fredrickson, MD, more than 50 years ago. We continue to learn about the metabolism of these large molecular structures and their relationship to arteriosclerosis as new genetic and interventional studies are published...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640036/a-constructive-reframing-of-student-roles-and-systems-learning-in-medical-education-using-a-communities-of-practice-lens
#9
Jed D Gonzalo, Britta M Thompson, Paul Haidet, Karen Mann, Daniel R Wolpaw
Health systems are in the midst of a transformation that is being driven by a variety of forces. This has important implications for medical educators because clinical practice environments play a key role in learning and professional development, and evolving health systems are beginning to demand that providers have "systems-ready" knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Such implications provide a clear mandate for medical schools to modify their goals and prepare physicians to practice flexibly within teams and effectively contribute to the improvement of health care delivery...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638536/science-fiction-in-medical-education-the-case-of-learning-styles
#10
EDITORIAL
Jimmie Leppink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637613/the-inseparability-of-emotional-and-instrumental-care-in-cancer-towards-a-more-powerful-science-of-clinical-communication
#11
Peter Salmon, Bridget Young
OBJECTIVE: Clinical communication literature currently distinguishes clinicians' emotional care of patients from instrumental aspects of clinical care, and regards clinicians' explicit emotional engagement with patients as the key to emotional care. Here we critically appraise this view. METHODS: We draw on empirical evidence and recent reviews and critiques focusing on cancer care. RESULTS: Patients and families do not generally seek explicit emotional engagement from their practitioners; nor does such engagement consistently improve patient outcomes...
May 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636028/supramolecular-functional-assemblies-dynamic-membrane-transporters-and-peptide-nanotubular-composites
#12
Alberto Fuertes, Marisa Juanes, Juan R Granja, Javier Montenegro
The fabrication of functional molecular devices constitutes one of the most important current challenges for chemical sciences. The complex processes accomplished by living systems continuously demand the assistance of non-covalent interactions between molecular building blocks. Additionally, these building blocks (proteins, membranes, nucleotides) are also constituted by self-assembled structures. Therefore, supramolecular chemistry is the discipline required to understand the properties of the minimal self-assembled building blocks of living systems and to develop new functional smart materials...
June 21, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635570/quality-dementia-care-prerequisites-and-relational-ethics-among-multicultural-healthcare-providers
#13
Gerd Sylvi Sellevold, Veslemøy Egede-Nissen, Rita Jakobsen, Venke Sørlie
BACKGROUND: Many nursing homes appear as multicultural workplaces where the majority of healthcare providers have an ethnic minority background. This environment creates challenges linked to communication, interaction and cultural differences. Furthermore, the healthcare providers have varied experiences and understanding of what quality care of patients with dementia involves. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to illuminate multi-ethnic healthcare providers' lived experiences of their own working relationship, and its importance to quality care for people with dementia...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635122/sketching-the-invisible-to-predict-the-visible-from-drawing-to-modeling-in-chemistry
#14
Melanie M Cooper, Mike Stieff, Dane DeSutter
Sketching as a scientific practice goes beyond the simple act of inscribing diagrams onto paper. Scientists produce a wide range of representations through sketching, as it is tightly coupled to model-based reasoning. Chemists in particular make extensive use of sketches to reason about chemical phenomena and to communicate their ideas. However, the chemical sciences have a unique problem in that chemists deal with the unseen world of the atomic-molecular level. Using sketches, chemists strive to develop causal mechanisms that emerge from the structure and behavior of molecular-level entities, to explain observations of the macroscopic visible world...
June 21, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633205/advancing-the-science-of-myocardial-recovery-with-mechanical-circulatory-support-a-working-group-of-the-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute
#15
EDITORIAL
Stavros G Drakos, Francis D Pagani, Martha S Lundberg, Timothy J Baldwin
The medical burden of heart failure (HF) has spurred interest in clinicians and scientists to develop therapies to restore the function of a failing heart. To advance this agenda, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) convened a Working Group of experts from June 2 to 3, 2016, in Bethesda, Maryland, to develop NHLBI recommendations aimed at advancing the science of cardiac recovery in the setting of mechanical circulatory support (MCS). MCS devices effectively reduce volume and pressure overload that drives the cycle of progressive myocardial dysfunction, thereby triggering structural and functional reverse remodeling...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632737/supervised-filters-for-eeg-signal-in-naturally-occurring-epilepsy-forecasting
#16
Francisco Javier Muñoz-Almaraz, Francisco Zamora-Martínez, Paloma Botella-Rocamora, Juan Pardo
Nearly 1% of the global population has Epilepsy. Forecasting epileptic seizures with an acceptable confidence level, could improve the disease treatment and thus the lifestyle of the people who suffer it. To do that the electroencephalogram (EEG) signal is usually studied through spectral power band filtering, but this paper proposes an alternative novel method of preprocessing the EEG signal based on supervised filters. Such filters have been employed in a machine learning algorithm, such as the K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN), to improve the prediction of seizures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632437/conscientious-classification-a-data-scientist-s-guide-to-discrimination-aware-classification
#17
Brian d'Alessandro, Cathy O'Neil, Tom LaGatta
Recent research has helped to cultivate growing awareness that machine-learning systems fueled by big data can create or exacerbate troubling disparities in society. Much of this research comes from outside of the practicing data science community, leaving its members with little concrete guidance to proactively address these concerns. This article introduces issues of discrimination to the data science community on its own terms. In it, we tour the familiar data-mining process while providing a taxonomy of common practices that have the potential to produce unintended discrimination...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632243/team-science-and-big-brains
#18
Anne Katz
Recently, I was honored with the task of moderating a session at the Oncology Nursing Society's 42nd Annual Congress in Denver, Colorado. The panel discussion, "Team Science: A Discussion With the Experts," was described as an opportunity to learn about team science implementation in the conduct of cancer research. The panel members were leaders in oncology research. As the session was about to begin, I looked over at the panelists and decided that this session should have been called "The Big Brains Session" because the panelists are giants in the field...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632011/essential-public-health-competencies-for-medical-students-establishing-a-consensus-in-family-medicine
#19
Christopher P Morley, Scott R Rosas, Ranit Mishori, William Jordan, Yumi Shitama Jarris, Family Medicine/Public Health Competencies Work Group, Jacob Prunuske
Phenomenon: The integration of public health (PH) competency training into medical education, and further integration of PH and primary care, has been urged by the U.S. Institute of Medicine. However, PH competencies are numerous, and no consensus exists over which competencies are most important for adoption by current trainees. Our objective was to conduct a group concept mapping exercise with stakeholders identifying the most important and feasible PH skills to incorporate in medical and residency curricula...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630904/participatory-adaptive-management-leads-to-environmental-learning-outcomes-extending-beyond-the-sphere-of-science
#20
Marie Fujitani, Andrew McFall, Christoph Randler, Robert Arlinghaus
Resolving uncertainties in managed social-ecological systems requires adaptive experimentation at whole-ecosystem levels. However, whether participatory adaptive management fosters ecological understanding among stakeholders beyond the sphere of science is unknown. We experimentally involved members of German angling clubs (n = 181 in workshops, n = 2483 in total) engaged in self-governance of freshwater fisheries resources in a large-scale ecological experiment of active adaptive management of fish stocking, which constitutes a controversial management practice for biodiversity and ecosystem functioning when conducted inappropriately...
June 2017: Science Advances
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