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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242195/key-programme-science-lessons-from-an-hiv-prevention-learning-site-for-sex-workers-in-mombasa-kenya
#1
Leigh M McClarty, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Shajy Isac, Faran Emmanuel, Japheth Kioko, Margaret Njiraini, Peter Gichangi, Clifford Duncan Okoth, Janet Musimbi-Mbole, James F Blanchard, Stephen Moses, Helgar Muysyoki, Marissa L Becker
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, Kenya's National AIDS and STI Control Programme established a Learning Site (LS) in Mombasa County to support and strengthen capacity for HIV prevention programming within organisations working with sex workers. A defining feature of LS was the use of a Programme Science approach throughout its development and implementation. We provide an overview of the key components of LS, present findings from 23 months of programme monitoring data, and highlight key Programme Science lessons from its implementation and monitoring...
December 14, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241259/-competence-based-catalogue-of-learning-objectives-for-rehabilitation-physical-medicine-naturopathic-treatment-revised-version-joint-recommendations-of-the-german-society-of-rehabilitation-science-and-the-german-society-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation
#2
Wilfried Mau, Max Emanuel Liebl, Ruth Deck, Uwe Lange, Ulrich Christian Smolenski, Susanne Walter, Christoph Gutenbrunner
Since the first publication of learning objectives for the interdisciplinary subject "Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine, Naturopathic Treatment" in undergraduate medical education in 2004 a revision is reasonable due to heterogenous teaching programmes in the faculties and the introduction of the National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives in Medicine as well as the "Masterplan Medical Education 2020". Therefore the German Society of Rehabilitation Science and the German Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation started a structured consensus process using the DELPHI-method to reduce the learning objectives and arrange them more clearly...
December 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240533/investigation-of-perceptual-motor-behavior-across-the-expert-athlete-to-disabled-patient-skill-continuum-can-advance-theory-and-practical-application
#3
Sean Müller, Ann-Maree Vallence, Carolee Winstein
A framework is presented of how theoretical predictions can be tested across the expert athlete to disabled patient skill continuum. Common-coding theory is used as the exemplar to discuss sensory and motor system contributions to perceptual-motor behavior. Behavioral and neural studies investigating expert athletes and patients recovering from cerebral stroke are reviewed. They provide evidence of bi-directional contributions of visual and motor systems to perceptual-motor behavior. Majority of this research is focused on perceptual-motor performance or learning, with less on transfer...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240455/development-and-evaluation-of-a-student-initiated-test-preparation-program-for-the-usmle-step-1-examination
#4
Lindsay F Schwartz, Matthew Lineberry, Yoon Soo Park, Carol S Kamin, Abbas A Hyderi
PROBLEM: Studies have documented performance on the United States Medical Licensing Examination® (USMLE) Step 1 exam as an important factor that residency program directors consider when deciding which applicants to interview and rank. Therefore, success on this exam, though only one aspect of applicant evaluation, is important in determining future career prospects for medical students. Unfortunately, mean test scores at the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago (UIC) have historically been below the national average...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238505/surveying-the-factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-persian-version-of-the-jefferson-scale-of-physician-lifelong-learning-jeffspll-in-staff-of-medical-sciences
#5
Fatemeh Zahra Karimi, Aytay Alesheikh, Soheila Pakravan, Mahbubeh Abdollahi, Mozhdeh Damough, Zahra Khosravi Anbaran, Leila Amiri Farahani
Background: In medical sciences, commitment to lifelong learning has been expressed as an important element. Today, due to the rapid development of medical information and technology, lifelong learning is critical for safe medical care and development in medical research. JeffSPLL is one of the scales for measuring lifelong learning among the staff of medical sciences that has never been used in Iran. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the factor structure and reliability of the Persian version of JeffSPLL among Persian-speaking staff of universities of medical sciences in Iran...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238496/lifelong-learning-strategies-in-nursing-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Mojtaba Qanbari Qalehsari, Morteza Khaghanizadeh, Abbas Ebadi
Background: Lifelong learning is an expectation in the professional performance of nurses, which is directly related to the success of students in nursing schools. In spite of the considerable attention paid to this issue, lifelong learning strategies are not fully understood. Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify lifelong learning strategies of nursing students with respect to international experience. Methods: In this systematic review, an extensive investigation was carried out using Persian and English studies in Pub Med, ProQuest, Cochrane, Ovid, Scopus, Web of Science, SID, and Iran Doc using the following keywords: lifelong learning, self-directed learning, lifelong learning model, continuing education, nursing education, and lifelong program...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238314/computational-psychometrics-for-the-measurement-of-collaborative-problem-solving-skills
#7
Stephen T Polyak, Alina A von Davier, Kurt Peterschmidt
This paper describes a psychometrically-based approach to the measurement of collaborative problem solving skills, by mining and classifying behavioral data both in real-time and in post-game analyses. The data were collected from a sample of middle school children who interacted with a game-like, online simulation of collaborative problem solving tasks. In this simulation, a user is required to collaborate with a virtual agent to solve a series of tasks within a first-person maze environment. The tasks were developed following the psychometric principles of Evidence Centered Design (ECD) and are aligned with the Holistic Framework developed by ACT...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237583/high-yield-hiv-testing-facilitated-linkage-to-care-and-prevention-for-female-youth-in-kenya-girls-study-implementation-science-protocol-for-a-priority-population
#8
Irene Inwani, Nok Chhun, Kawango Agot, Charles M Cleland, Jasmine Buttolph, Harsha Thirumurthy, Ann E Kurth
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest HIV burden. Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in the age range of 15 to 24 years are twice as likely as their male peers to be infected, making females in sub-Saharan Africa the most at-risk group for HIV infection. It is therefore critical to prioritize access to HIV testing, prevention, and treatment for this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: Using an implementation science framework, the purpose of this research protocol was to describe the approaches we propose to optimize engagement of AGYW in both the HIV prevention and care continuum and to determine the recruitment and testing strategies that identify the highest proportion of previously undiagnosed HIV infections...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236359/the-relationship-between-student-engagement-with-online-content-and-achievement-in-a-blended-learning-anatomy-course
#9
Rodney A Green, Laura Y Whitburn, Anita Zacharias, Graeme Byrne, Diane L Hughes
Blended learning has become increasingly common in higher education. Recent findings suggest that blended learning achieves better student outcomes than traditional face-to-face teaching in gross anatomy courses. While face-to-face content is perceived as important to learning there is less evidence for the significance of online content in improving student outcomes. Students enrolled in a second-year anatomy course from the physiotherapy (PT), exercise physiology (EP), and exercise science (ES) programs across two campuses were included (n = 500)...
December 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234465/ten-quick-tips-for-machine-learning-in-computational-biology
#10
REVIEW
Davide Chicco
Machine learning has become a pivotal tool for many projects in computational biology, bioinformatics, and health informatics. Nevertheless, beginners and biomedical researchers often do not have enough experience to run a data mining project effectively, and therefore can follow incorrect practices, that may lead to common mistakes or over-optimistic results. With this review, we present ten quick tips to take advantage of machine learning in any computational biology context, by avoiding some common errors that we observed hundreds of times in multiple bioinformatics projects...
2017: BioData Mining
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234434/prescription-function-prediction-using-topic-model-and-multilabel-classifiers
#11
Lidong Wang, Yin Zhang, Yun Zhang, Xiaodong Xu, Shihua Cao
Determining a prescription's function is one of the challenging problems in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). In past decades, TCM has been widely researched through various methods in computer science, but none concentrates on the prediction method for a new prescription's function. In this study, two methods are presented concerning this issue. The first method is based on a novel supervised topic model named Label-Prescription-Herb (LPH), which incorporates herb-herb compatibility rules into learning process...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233438/student-led-co-curricular-medical-spanish-training-in-a-pharmacy-professional-program
#12
Linda S Garavalia, Ligaya Chan, Marvin Ortiz, Monica Muniz-Delgado, Jesse F Martinez
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This paper describes a student-led co-curricular training program to increase pharmacy student proficiency with medical Spanish terminology. Western University of Health Sciences (WesternU) pharmacy students frequently can interact with Spanish-speaking patients in experiential rotations. Moreover, the clear majority of program graduates remain in California, a state with a high Spanish-speaking population. Developing foundational knowledge of medical Spanish terminology can enhance communication with Spanish-speaking patients, who may have limited English proficiency and experience a lack of language concordance when interacting with the healthcare system...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233431/development-and-delivery-of-an-interdisciplinary-course-in-mobile-health-mhealth
#13
Brent I Fox, David A Umphress, Joshua C Hollingsworth
BACKGROUND: Interdisciplinary practice is a primary focus within the United States health care system. Despite the existence of interdisciplinary educational efforts in pharmacy for many years, the practice only recently entered mainstream health care education. Informatics offers interdisciplinary educational opportunities. Mobile health (mHealth), an informatics sub-discipline, is the use of mobile devices for health and wellness activities. We used the mHealth domain as the context for an interdisciplinary learning experience for pharmacy and computer science and software engineering (CSSE) students...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233417/comparison-of-student-confidence-and-perceptions-of-biochemistry-concepts-using-a-team-based-learning-versus-traditional-lecture-based-format
#14
Rebecca Gryka, Mary E Kiersma, Tracy R Frame, Stephanie M Cailor, Aleda M H Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in student confidence and perceptions of biochemistry concepts using a team-based learning (TBL) format versus a traditional lecture-based format at two universities. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: Two pedagogies (TBL vs lecture-based) were utilized to deliver biochemistry concepts at two universities in a first-professional year, semester-long biochemistry course. A 21-item instrument was created and administered pre-post semester to assess changes in confidence in learning biochemistry concepts using Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory (eight items, 5-point, Likert-type) and changes in student perceptions of biochemistry utilizing the theory of planned behavior (TPB) domains (13 items, 7- point, Likert-type)...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233378/a-team-based-interprofessional-education-course-for-first-year-health-professions-students
#15
Michael J Peeters, Martha Sexton, Alexia E Metz, Carol S Hasbrouck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Interprofessional education (IPE) is required within pharmacy education, and should include classroom-based education along with experiential interprofessional collaboration. For classroom-based education, small-group learning environments may create a better platform for engaging students in the essential domain of interprofessional collaboration towards meaningful learning within IPE sub-domains (interprofessional communication, teams and teamwork, roles and responsibilities, and values and ethics)...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233376/a-pharmacy-student-s-role-as-a-teaching-assistant-in-an-undergraduate-medicinal-chemistry-course-implementation-evaluation-and-unexpected-opportunities-for-educational-outreach
#16
Matthew J DellaVecchia, Alyssa M Claudio, Jamie L Fairclough
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe 1) a pharmacy student's teaching assistant (TA) role in an undergraduate medicinal chemistry course, 2) an active learning module co-developed by the TA and instructor, and 3) the unexpected opportunities for pharmacy educational outreach that resulted from this collaboration. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Medicinal Chemistry (CHM3413) is an undergraduate course offered each fall at Palm Beach Atlantic University (PBA). As a TA for CHM3413, a pharmacy student from the Gregory School of Pharmacy (GSOP) at PBA co-developed and implemented an active learning module emphasizing foundational medicinal chemistry concepts as they pertain to performance enhancing drugs (PEDs)...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233374/curriculum-renewal-alignment-of-introductory-pharmacy-practice-experiences-with-didactic-course-content
#17
Wesley Nuffer, Sheila Botts, Kari Franson, Eric Gilliam, Randy Knutsen, Monika Nuffer, Elizabeth O'Brien, Joseph Saseen, Megan Thompson, Joseph Vande Griend, Robert Willis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (SSPPS) used the opportunity of curriculum renewal to integrate knowledge and skills learned from didactic courses into the introductory pharmacy practice experiences (IPPEs) occurring simultaneously. This paper describes and evaluates the meaningful application of course content into IPPEs, and evaluates the success using qualitative feedback. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students entering the renewed curriculum starting in fall 2012 were provided a list of pharmacy skills and activities from didactic course directors that reinforced course content for that semester...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233373/interprofessional-education-in-pharmacology-using-high-fidelity-simulation
#18
Brittney A Meyer, Teresa M Seefeldt, Surachat Ngorsuraches, Lori D Hendrickx, Paula M Lubeck, Debra K Farver, Jodi R Heins
BACKGROUND: This study examined the feasibility of an interprofessional high-fidelity pharmacology simulation and its impact on pharmacy and nursing students' perceptions of interprofessionalism and pharmacology knowledge. INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION ACTIVITY: Pharmacy and nursing students participated in a pharmacology simulation using a high-fidelity patient simulator. Faculty-facilitated debriefing included discussion of the case and collaboration. To determine the impact of the activity on students' perceptions of interprofessionalism and their ability to apply pharmacology knowledge, surveys were administered to students before and after the simulation...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233283/criteria-for-evaluating-global-health-partnerships-in-colleges-of-pharmacy-and-health-sciences
#19
Ellen Schellhase, Frank Caligiuri, Monica L Miller
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The demand for international experiences as part of education and training for healthcare providers continues to increase. As schools/colleges of pharmacy increase training opportunities in global health, there is a demand for a strategic way to evaluate opportunities. Evaluation tools can be utilized to facilitate this type of assessment. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The purpose of this article is to highlight two different international experiential education site evaluation tools, discuss lessons learned when applying these tools in the field, and outline steps for a college of pharmacy to create their own tool to meet institution specific needs...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233278/drugs-of-abuse-and-addiction-an-integrated-approach-to-teaching
#20
Lindsey N Miller, Susan L Mercer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the design, implementation, and student perceptions of a Drugs of Abuse and Addiction elective course utilizing an integrated teaching model. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Third-year pharmacy students enrolled in the two credit hour elective. Teaching methodology included didactic lecture, journal club, simulated addiction assignment with reflection, debates, external speakers, site visit to a residential drug court program and research paper with presentation...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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