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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101758/applying-collaborative-learning-and-quality-improvement-to-public-health-lessons-from-the-collaborative-improvement-and-innovation-network-coiin-to-reduce-infant-mortality
#1
Reem M Ghandour, Katherine Flaherty, Ashley Hirai, Vanessa Lee, Deborah Klein Walker, Michael C Lu
OBJECTIVES: Infant mortality remains a significant public health problem in the U.S. The Collaborative Improvement & Innovation Network (CoIIN) model is an innovative approach, using the science of quality improvement and collaborative learning, which was applied across 13 Southern states in Public Health Regions IV and VI to reduce infant mortality and improve birth outcomes. We provide an in-depth discussion of the history, development, implementation, and adaptation of the model based on the experience of the original CoIIN organizers and participants...
January 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101273/who-scared-the-cat-a-molecular-crime-scene-investigation-laboratory-exercise
#2
Laura E Ott, Susan D Carson
This introductory laboratory exercise gives first-year life science majors or nonmajors an opportunity to gain knowledge and experience in basic bioinformatics and molecular biology laboratory techniques and analysis in the context of a mock crime scene investigation. In this laboratory, students determine if a human (Lady) or dog (Kona) committed the fictional crime of scaring a cat. Students begin by performing in silico PCR using provided dog- and human-specific PCR primers to determine the sequences to be amplified and predict PCR amplicon sizes...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101266/how-to-assess-your-cure-a-practical-guide-for-instructors-of-course-based-undergraduate-research-experiences
#3
Erin E Shortlidge, Sara E Brownell
Integrating research experiences into undergraduate life sciences curricula in the form of course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) can meet national calls for education reform by giving students the chance to "do science." In this article, we provide a step-by-step practical guide to help instructors assess their CUREs using best practices in assessment. We recommend that instructors first identify their anticipated CURE learning outcomes, then work to identify an assessment instrument that aligns to those learning outcomes and critically evaluate the results from their course assessment...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101262/the-use-of-group-activities-in-introductory-biology-supports-learning-gains-and-uniquely-benefits-high-achieving-students
#4
Gili Marbach-Ad, Carly H Rietschel, Neeti Saluja, Karen L Carleton, Eric S Haag
This study describes the implementation and effectiveness of small-group active engagement (GAE) exercises in an introductory biology course (BSCI207) taught in a large auditorium setting. BSCI207 (Principles of Biology III-Organismal Biology) is the third introductory core course for Biological Sciences majors. In fall 2014, the instructors redesigned one section to include GAE activities to supplement lecture content. One section (n = 198) employed three lectures per week. The other section (n = 136) replaced one lecture per week with a GAE class...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101261/external-and-internal-barriers-to-studying-can-affect-student-success-and-retention-in-a-diverse-classroom
#5
Laurence Clement
Although a majority of under-represented minority (URM) students begin their postsecondary education at community colleges, little is known about barriers to success and retention for transfer-bound science students. This study focuses on some of the barriers that affect these students' ability to study adequately for a community college "gateway" course. It tests whether instructors' expectations of study time were realistic for community college students and whether students reported facing external barriers, such as job and family responsibilities, or internal barriers to studying, such as lack of motivational, cognitive, and metacognitive abilities, all of which have been shown to impact academic success and retention...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101259/the-science-teaching-fellows-program-a-model-for-online-faculty-development-of-early-career-scientists-interested-in-teaching
#6
Loretta Brancaccio-Taras, Kelly A Gull, Claudia Ratti
The American Society for Microbiology (ASM) has a history of providing a wide range of faculty development opportunities. Recently, ASM developed the Science Teaching Fellows Program (STF) for early career biologists and postdoctoral students to explore student-centered teaching and develop the skills needed to succeed in positions that have a significant teaching component. Participants were selected to STF through a competitive application process. The STF program consisted of a series of six webinars. In preparation for each webinar, participants completed a pre-webinar assignment...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099673/accelerated-second-degree-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-graduates-transition-to-professional-practice
#7
Cheryl L Brandt, Melissa R Boellaard, Kaitlyn M Wilberding
: HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097177/spirituality-a-panacea-for-patients-coping-with-heart-failure
#8
Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki, Esmat Nouhi, Majid Kazemi, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Many patients with heart failure grapple with related problems that threaten their feeling of well-being and quality of life. Patients look for ways to cope with the new situation. The present study aimed to explore religious coping from the perspective of patients with heart failure. METHODS: This qualitative study used the content analysis of the semi-structured interviews. The data were collected from 18 participants referring to training hospitals in Kerman University of Medical Sciences in southeastern Iran...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095195/deep-learning-with-dynamic-spiking-neurons-and-fixed-feedback-weights
#9
Arash Samadi, Timothy P Lillicrap, Douglas B Tweed
Recent work in computer science has shown the power of deep learning driven by the backpropagation algorithm in networks of artificial neurons. But real neurons in the brain are different from most of these artificial ones in at least three crucial ways: they emit spikes rather than graded outputs, their inputs and outputs are related dynamically rather than by piecewise-smooth functions, and they have no known way to coordinate arrays of synapses in separate forward and feedback pathways so that they change simultaneously and identically, as they do in backpropagation...
January 17, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095097/facilitating-awareness-of-philosophy-of-science-ethics-and-communication-through-manual-skills-training-in-undergraduate-education
#10
Hilde Lund Kordahl, Marit Fougner
BACKGROUND: Professional health science education includes a common theoretical basis concerning the theory of science, ethics and communication. Former evaluations by first-year students of the bachelor physiotherapy program at Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences (HiOA) show that they find it hard to understand the relation between these particular topics and future professional practice. This challenge is the starting point for a pedagogical development project that aims to develop learning contexts that highlight the relevance of these theoretical concepts...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091976/effectiveness-of-various-innovative-learning-methods-in-health-science-classrooms-a-meta-analysis
#11
Sema A Kalaian, Rafa M Kasim
This study reports the results of a meta-analysis of the available literature on the effectiveness of various forms of innovative small-group learning methods on student achievement in undergraduate college health science classrooms. The results of the analysis revealed that most of the primary studies supported the effectiveness of the small-group learning methods in improving students' academic achievement with an overall weighted average effect-size of 0.59 in standard deviation units favoring small-group learning methods...
January 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090101/a-novel-mathematical-model-for-determining-faculty-workload
#12
Leo R Fitzpatrick, Carol Millette-Snodgrass, Eman Atef
Objective. To develop a mathematical model for determining faculty workload at a college of pharmacy with a team-based learning curriculum. Methods. Using faculty provided data, our model calculated activity and weighted means in teaching, scholarship and service. Subsequently, these data were used to develop departmental and institutional workload models. Results. For the pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences department, percent faculty activity mean values were greatest for service followed by teaching and scholarship...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088350/the-emotive-nature-of-conflict-monitoring-in-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex
#13
Blair Saunders, Hause Lin, Marina Milyavskaya, Michael Inzlicht
The detection of conflict between incompatible impulses, thoughts, and actions is a ubiquitous source of motivation across theories of goal-directed action. In this overview, we explore the hypothesis that conflict is emotive, integrating perspectives from affective science and cognitive neuroscience. Initially, we review evidence suggesting that the mental and biological processes that monitor for information processing conflict-particularly those generated by the anterior midcingulate cortex-track the affective significance of conflict and use this signal to motivate increased control...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080221/molecular-mechanisms-of-antisense-oligonucleotides
#14
Stanley T Crooke
In 1987, when I became interested in the notion of antisense technology, I returned to my roots in RNA biochemistry and began work to understand how oligonucleotides behave in biological systems. Since 1989, my research has focused primarily on this topic, although I have been involved in most areas of research in antisense technology. I believe that the art of excellent science is to frame large important questions that are perhaps not immediately answerable with existing knowledge and methods, and then conceive a long-term (multiyear) research strategy that begins by answering the most pressing answerable questions on the path to the long-term goals...
January 12, 2017: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079723/toward-automating-hiv-identification-machine-learning-for-rapid-identification-of-hiv-related-social-media-data
#15
Sean D Young, Wenchao Yu, Wei Wang
INTRODUCTION: "Social big data" from technologies such as social media, wearable devices, and online searches continue to grow and can be used as tools for HIV research. Although researchers can uncover patterns and insights associated with HIV trends and transmission, the review process is time consuming and resource intensive. Machine learning methods derived from computer science might be used to assist HIV domain experts by learning how to rapidly and accurately identify patterns associated with HIV from a large set of social data...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077906/how-to-improve-visibility-of-scientific-biomedical-sources
#16
REVIEW
Asim Kurjak
With the rapid development of information and communications technologies, industrial nations are transforming into societies in which knowledge is the most contested and valuable good. The increased speed at which we have to acquire new knowledge, insights, and abilities is forcing us to divide up learning into novel, shorter phases. The traditional choreography of learning with its long, rigid defined school, job, and university educational periods is already obsolete today. Self-organized, lifelong learning is becoming a must...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075223/the-statistical-crisis-in-science-how-is-it-relevant-to-clinical-neuropsychology
#17
Andrew Gelman, Hilde M Geurts
There is currently increased attention to the statistical (and replication) crisis in science. Biomedicine and social psychology have been at the heart of this crisis, but similar problems are evident in a wide range of fields. We discuss three examples of replication challenges from the field of social psychology and some proposed solutions, and then consider the applicability of these ideas to clinical neuropsychology. In addition to procedural developments such as preregistration and open data and criticism, we recommend that data be collected and analyzed with more recognition that each new study is a part of a learning process...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074749/students-use-stamp-out-program-to-advance-seniors-knowledge-of-drug-misuse
#18
Gabrielle Cozzi, Elisa Torres, Robert G Wahler
: This program assessed the impact of student presentations on 30 seniors and sought to improve their knowledge of prescription drug misuse and abuse. The six pharmacy students used the ASCP Foundation's "STAMP Out Prescription Drug Misuse and Abuse Tool Kit." Information presented to senior audiences included descriptions of drug misuse and abuse and preventive measures to uphold medication safety. Students assessed seniors' prior knowledge about the topics through audience participation...
December 1, 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073306/the-gap-in-scientific-knowledge-and-role-of-science-communication-in-south-korea
#19
Jeong-Heon Chang, Sei-Hill Kim, Myung-Hyun Kang, Jae Chul Shim, Dong Hoon Ma
Using data from a national survey of South Koreans, this study explores the role of science communication in enhancing three different forms of scientific knowledge ( factual, procedural, and subjective). We first assess learning effects, looking at the extent to which citizens learn science from different channels of communication (interpersonal discussions, traditional newspapers, television, online newspapers, and social media). We then look into the knowledge gap hypothesis, investigating how different communication channels can either widen or narrow the gap in knowledge between social classes...
January 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073300/from-dynamics-to-function
#20
Thomas J Dishion
A vast majority of psychological science focuses on snapshots of individuals. Clinical outcome studies may integrate multiple snapshots, typically with yearly intervals. However, there is much to learn about psychological processes as they unfold over real time, including minutes, days, weeks, and months. This special issue contains several articles that make significant advances in real-time assessment of psychological processes using state-of-the-art measurement. This is a brief summary of the specific innovations of this special issue...
August 2016: Assessment
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