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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031191/the-effectiveness-of-a-head-heart-hands-model-for-natural-and-environmental-science-learning-in-urban-schools
#1
Radha Jagannathan, Michael J Camasso, Maia Delacalle
We describe an environmental and natural science program called Nurture thru Nature (NtN) that seeks to improve mathematics and science performance of students in disadvantaged communities, and to increase student interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) careers. The program draws conceptual guidance from the Head-Heart-Hands model that informs the current educational movement to foster environmental understanding and sustainability. Employing an experimental design and data from seven cohorts of students, we find some promising, albeit preliminary, indications that the program can increase students' science knowledge and grades in mathematics, science and language arts...
September 18, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028883/a-new-pan-european-train-the-trainer-programme-for-bioinformatics-pilot-results-on-feasibility-utility-and-sustainability-of-learning
#2
Allegra Via, Teresa K Attwood, Pedro L Fernandes, Sarah L Morgan, Maria Victoria Schneider, Patricia M Palagi, Gabriella Rustici, Rochelle E Tractenberg
Demand for training life scientists in bioinformatics methods, tools and resources and computational approaches is urgent and growing. To meet this demand, new trainers must be prepared with effective teaching practices for delivering short hands-on training sessions-a specific type of education that is not typically part of professional preparation of life scientists in many countries. A new Train-the-Trainer (TtT) programme was created by adapting existing models, using input from experienced trainers and experts in bioinformatics, and from educational and cognitive sciences...
September 26, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028264/teacheng-a-teaching-engine-for-genomics
#3
Minji Kim, Yeonsung Kim, Lei Qian, Jun S Song
Motivation: Bioinformatics is a rapidly growing field that has emerged from the synergy of computer science, statistics and biology. Given the interdisciplinary nature of bioinformatics, many students from diverse fields struggle with grasping bioinformatic concepts only from classroom lectures. Interactive tools for helping students reinforce their learning would be thus desirable. Here, we present an interactive online educational tool called TeachEnG (acronym for Teaching Engine for Genomics) for reinforcing key concepts in sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree reconstruction...
October 15, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028156/genetic-background-effects-in-neuroligin-3-mutant-mice-minimal-behavioral-abnormalities-on-c57-background
#4
Thomas C Jaramillo, Christine Ochoa Escamilla, Shunan Liu, Lauren Peca, Shari G Birnbaum, Craig M Powell
Neuroligin-3 (NLGN3) is a postsynaptic cell adhesion protein that interacts with presynaptic ligands including neurexin-1 (NRXN1) [Ichtchenko et al., Journal of Biological Chemistry, 271, 2676-2682, 1996]. Mice harboring a mutation in the NLGN3 gene (NL3R451C) mimicking a mutation found in two brothers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were previously generated and behaviorally phenotyped for autism-related behaviors. In these NL3R451C mice generated and tested on a hybrid C57BL6J/129S2/SvPasCrl background, we observed enhanced spatial memory and reduced social interaction [Tabuchi et al...
October 13, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027025/spontaneous-integration-of-temporal-information-implications-for-representational-computational-capacity-of-animals
#5
REVIEW
Ezgi Gür, Yalçın Akın Duyan, Fuat Balcı
How do animals adapt their behaviors to changing conditions? This question relates to the debate between associative versus representational/computational approaches in cognitive science. An influential line of research that has significantly shaped the conceptual development of animal learning over decades has primarily focused on the role of associative dynamics with little-to-no ascription of representational/combinatorial capacities. The common assumption of these models is that behavioral adjustments are incremental and they result from updating of associations based on actions and their outcomes, without encoding the critical information serving as the determinant(s) of such contingencies (e...
October 12, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023502/process-oriented-guided-inquiry-learning-pogil%C3%A2-marginally-effects-student-achievement-measures-but-substantially-increases-the-odds-of-passing-a-course
#6
Lindsey Walker, Abdi-Rizak M Warfa
While the inquiry approach to science teaching has been widely recommended as an epistemic mechanism to promote deep content understanding, there is also increased expectation that process and other transferable skills should be integral part of science pedagogy. To test the hypothesis that coupling process skills to content teaching impacts academic success measures, we meta-analyzed twenty-one studies (n = 21) involving 7876 students that compared Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL), a pedagogy that provides opportunities for improving process skills during content learning through guided-inquiry activities, to standard lecture conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023173/health-science-center-faculty-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-education-and-teamwork
#7
Jodie C Gary, Kevin Gosselin, Regina Bentley
The attitudes of faculty towards interprofessional education (IPE) and teamwork impact the education of health professions education (HPE) students. This paper reports on a study evaluating attitudes from health professions educators towards IPE and teamwork at one academic health science center (HSC) where modest IPE initiatives have commenced. Drawing from the results of a previous investigation, this study was conducted to examine current attitudes of the faculty responsible for the training of future healthcare professionals...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019416/communication-technology-adoption-among-older-adult-veterans-the-interplay-of-social-and-cognitive-factors
#8
Cristina Leone, Joan Soo Li Lim, Anita Stern, Jocelyn Charles, Sandra Black, Ronald Baecker
OBJECTIVES: InTouch is an electronic communication platform designed to be accessible by computer-naive seniors. The present study explored the process of adoption and use of the application by seniors with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) through the lens of Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). METHOD: We studied adoption and use of InTouch for social communication over a 12-week period in a 475-bed Veteran's care facility at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto, Canada...
October 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019169/one-back-reinforcement-dissociates-implicit-procedural-and-explicit-declarative-category-learning
#9
J David Smith, Sonia Jamani, Joseph Boomer, Barbara A Church
The debate over unitary/multiple category-learning utilities is reminiscent of debates about multiple memory systems and unitary/dual codes in knowledge representation. In categorization, researchers continue to seek paradigms to dissociate explicit learning processes (yielding verbalizable rules) from implicit learning processes (yielding stimulus-response associations that remain outside awareness). We introduce a new dissociation here. Participants learned matched category tasks with a multidimensional, information-integration solution or a one-dimensional, rule-based solution...
October 10, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017508/on-neuromechanical-approaches-for-the-study-of-biological-and-robotic-grasp-and-manipulation
#10
REVIEW
Francisco J Valero-Cuevas, Marco Santello
Biological and robotic grasp and manipulation are undeniably similar at the level of mechanical task performance. However, their underlying fundamental biological vs. engineering mechanisms are, by definition, dramatically different and can even be antithetical. Even our approach to each is diametrically opposite: inductive science for the study of biological systems vs. engineering synthesis for the design and construction of robotic systems. The past 20 years have seen several conceptual advances in both fields and the quest to unify them...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016181/gerald-roy-patterson-1926-2016
#11
Thomas Dishion
Presents an obituary for Gerald ("Jerry") Roy Patterson, who passed away on August 22, 2016. Jerry was an intellectual powerhouse who made fundamental contributions to developmental psychology, clinical psychology, school psychology, prevention science, and special education. In 1965 Jerry became the director of clinical training at the University of Oregon and professor of clinical psychology. In 1967 he joined the Oregon Research Institute, where he continued to study aggression, marital conflict, and treatment...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016179/george-mandler-1924-2016
#12
Fergus Craik
Presents an obituary for George Mandler, who died in London on May 6, 2016 at the age of 91. Mandler was one of the pioneers of the cognitive revolution in psychology. He was instrumental in moving the study of human learning from notions based largely on associations to a view of memory as an organized, nested hierarchical structure. Mandler was also a major proponent of the dual-process theory of recognition memory, in which general feelings of familiarity are distinguished from the context-rich experience of recollection...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994617/an-interim-examination-of-the-us-public-health-response-to-ebola
#13
Katherine Schemm Dwyer, Heather Misner, Sara Chang, Neyling Fajardo
From the summer of 2014 to the spring of 2016, the United States was involved in the Ebola response on both the national and international levels. The United States received 2 imported cases from West Africa and had 2 locally hospital-acquired cases, which spurred a massive and unprecedented public health response. As the domestic response stabilized and the epidemic in West Africa slowed, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) and the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO), through a cooperative agreement with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), led an in-progress review to assess the national public health response to Ebola...
October 10, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992412/protein-science-by-dna-sequencing-how-advances-in-molecular-biology-are-accelerating-biochemistry
#14
Sean Andrew Higgins, David F Savage
A fundamental goal of protein biochemistry is to determine the sequence-function relationship, but the vastness of sequence space makes comprehensive evaluation of this landscape difficult. However, advances in DNA synthesis and sequencing now allow researchers to assess the functional impact of every single mutation in many proteins, but challenges remain in library construction and the development of general assays applicable to a diverse range of protein functions. This perspective briefly outlines the technical innovations in DNA manipulation which allow massively parallel protein biochemistry, then summarizes the methods currently available for library construction and the functional assays of protein variants...
October 9, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991850/aligning-education-with-health-care-transformation-identifying-a-shared-mental-model-of-new-faculty-competencies-for-academic-faculty
#15
Jed D Gonzalo, Amarpreet Ahluwalia, Maria Hamilton, Heidi Wolf, Daniel R Wolpaw, Britta M Thompson
PURPOSE: To develop a potential competency framework for faculty development programs aligned with the needs of faculty in academic health centers (AHCs). METHOD: In 2014 and 2015, the authors interviewed 23 health system leaders and analyzed transcripts using constant comparative analysis and thematic analysis. They coded competencies and curricular concepts into subcategories. Lead investigators reviewed drafts of the categorization themes and subthemes related to gaps in faculty knowledge and skills, collapsed and combined competency domains, and resolved disagreements via discussion...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988801/a-padawan-programmer-s-guide-to-developing-software-libraries
#16
James T Yurkovich, Benjamin J Yurkovich, Andreas Dräger, Bernhard O Palsson, Zachary A King
With the rapid adoption of computational tools in the life sciences, scientists are taking on the challenge of developing their own software libraries and releasing them for public use. This trend is being accelerated by popular technologies and platforms, such as GitHub, Jupyter, R/Shiny, that make it easier to develop scientific software and by open-source licenses that make it easier to release software. But how do you build a software library that people will use? And what characteristics do the best libraries have that make them enduringly popular? Here, we provide a reference guide, based on our own experiences, for developing software libraries along with real-world examples to help provide context for scientists who are learning about these concepts for the first time...
October 4, 2017: Cell Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987893/a-systematic-review-of-online-learning-programs-for-nurse-preceptors
#17
REVIEW
Xi Vivien Wu, Yah Shih Chan, Kimberlyn Hui Shing Tan, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: Nurse preceptors guide students to integrate theory into practice, teach clinical skills, assess clinical competency, and enhance problem solving skills. Managing the dual roles of a registered nurse and preceptor poses tremendous challenges to many preceptors. Online learning is recognized as an effective learning approach for enhancing nursing knowledge and skills. OBJECTIVE: The systematic review aims to review and synthesise the online learning programs for preceptors...
September 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985932/machine-learning-applications-to-resting-state-functional-mr-imaging-analysis
#18
REVIEW
John M Billings, Maxwell Eder, William C Flood, Devendra Singh Dhami, Sriraam Natarajan, Christopher T Whitlow
Machine learning is one of the most exciting and rapidly expanding fields within computer science. Academic and commercial research entities are investing in machine learning methods, especially in personalized medicine via patient-level classification. There is great promise that machine learning methods combined with resting state functional MR imaging will aid in diagnosis of disease and guide potential treatment for conditions thought to be impossible to identify based on imaging alone, such as psychiatric disorders...
November 2017: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983198/awareness-adoption-and-application-of-the-association-of-college-research-libraries-acrl-framework-for-information-literacy-in-health-sciences-libraries
#19
Stephanie J Schulte, Maureen Knapp
OBJECTIVE: In early 2016, the Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL) officially adopted a conceptual Framework for Information Literacy (Framework) that was a significant shift away from the previous standards-based approach. This study sought to determine (1) if health sciences librarians are aware of the recent Framework for Information Literacy; (2) if they have used the Framework to change their instruction or communication with faculty, and if so, what changes have taken place; and (3) if certain librarian characteristics are associated with the likelihood of adopting the Framework...
October 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980881/the-perspective-of-healthcare-providers-and-patients-on-health-literacy-a-systematic-review-of-the-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#20
Retha Rajah, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali, Lim Ching Jou, Muthu Kumar Murugiah
AIM: Health literacy (HL) is a multifaceted concept, thus understanding the perspective of healthcare providers, patients, and the system is vital. This systematic review examines and synthesises the available studies on HL-related knowledge, attitude, practice, and perceived barriers. METHODS: CINAHL and Medline (via EBSCOhost), Google Scholar, PubMed, ProQuest, Sage Journals, and Science Direct were searched. Both quantitative and/or qualitative studies in the English language were included...
October 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
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