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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925986/association-between-emotional-symptoms-and-job-demands-in-an-asian-electronics-factory
#1
Wei-Lieh Huang, Yue Leon Guo, Pau-Chung Chen, Jui Wang, Po-Ching Chu
Various work-related issues including mental health have been described for the electronic industry. Although East Asian countries play important roles in the electronics industry, the association between job demands and emotional symptoms has been rarely examined. The present study recruited 603 workers from either office or clean room environments in an electronics factory in Taiwan. Their personal factors, work-related factors, and emotional symptoms were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. The symptoms of depression and hostility were reported in 24...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925492/detection-of-hereditary-hearing-loss-gene-by-dna-microarray
#2
G-Y Han, Z Xu, Q-S Li, H-Y Shen, W Zhang, J Liang
OBJECTIVE: Screening genes in patients suffering clinically sporadic deafness, using DNA microarray, and evaluating the application value of the clinical detection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: DNA extracted from patients' venous blood was amplified by PCR, and hybridization was carried out in a myriad class clean room. Nine mutation sites of four deaf genes commonly seen in Chinese people were tested. RESULTS: Among 24 patients, 7 cases with mutations were detected, with a positive rate of 29...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922228/anesthesia-capacity-in-ghana-a-teaching-hospital-s-resources-and-the-national-workforce-and-education
#3
Mark A Brouillette, Alfred J Aidoo, Maria A Hondras, Nana A Boateng, Akwasi Antwi-Kusi, William Addison, Alec R Hermanson
BACKGROUND: Quality anesthetic care is lacking in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Global health leaders call for perioperative capacity reports in limited-resource settings to guide improved health care initiatives. We describe a teaching hospital's resources and the national workforce and education in this LMIC capacity report. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana, during 4 weeks in August 2016...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921493/vibration-ball-milling-for-the-synthesis-of-5-thioadenosine-5-pyrophosphate-p-%C3%A2-5-adenosine-dasppa
#4
Olga Eguaogie, Joseph S Vyle
Using vibration ball milling, 5'-chloro-5'-deoxyadenosine (CldA) reacts cleanly with 4-methoxybenzyl mercaptan (MobSH), under basic conditions, to the corresponding thioether (MobSdA), which is isolated following precipitation and trituration. Under acidic conditions, in a one-pot, two-step process, MobSdA is transformed into 5'-deoxy-5'-(5-nitropyridyl-2-disulfanyl)-adenosine (NPySSdA). Michaelis-Arbuzov (M-A) reaction of NPySSdA with tris(trimethylsilyl) phosphite proceeds to completion within 30 min as determined by (31) P NMR, and the persilylated M-A product thus formed can be stored in solution under anhydrous conditions at room temperature for several days (in contrast, the anionic phosphorothiolate monoester is labile to hydrolysis)...
September 18, 2017: Current Protocols in Nucleic Acid Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919125/multi-institution-analysis-of-infection-control-practices-identifies-the-subset-associated-with-best-surgical-site-infection-performance-a-texas-alliance-for-surgical-quality-collaborative-project
#5
Catherine H Davis, Lillian S Kao, Jason B Fleming, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND: In an effort to reduce surgical site infection (SSI) rates, a large number of infection control practices (ICPs), including operating room attire policies, have been recommended. However, few have proven benefits and many are costly, time-consuming, and detrimental to provider morale. The goal of this multi-institution study was to determine which ICPs are associated with lower postoperative SSI rates. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty American College of Surgeons NSQIP and Texas Alliance for Surgical Quality-affiliated hospitals completed this Quality Improvement Assessment Board-approved study...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886960/-indoor-air-quality-and-parents-of-asthmatic-children-practices
#6
S Larramendy Magnin, B Desssome, L Moret
BACKGROUND: Indoor air pollution can worsen asthma in children. Better knowledge of factors determining parents' reception of recommendations to limit pollution of indoor air in the homes of asthmatic children would be helpful to improve implementation. METHOD: A descriptive study evaluating practices known to have an impact on the quality of air in homes was conducted among parents of asthmatic children aged 3 to 16 years. From May to September 2013, parents answered anonymous self-administered questionnaires in waiting rooms of generalist practitioners, in the Nantes University pneumology pediatric outpatient clinic, and as part of therapeutic education sessions conducted by the Asthma-44 Network...
September 5, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873001/toward-the-drug-factory-microbiome-microbial-community-variations-in-antibiotic-producing-clean-rooms
#7
Amal M Hamdy, Moamen El-Massry, Mona T Kashef, Magdy A Amin, Ramy K Aziz
Microbiome projects are currently booming around the globe, enabled by advances in culture-independent microbial community analysis and high-throughput sequencing. One emerging application of microbiome science involves exploring microbial diversity in built environments, and one unexplored built environment is the pharmaceutical factory, notably factories producing antibiotics, as they could be enriched in antibiotic-resistant microbes. To examine the drug factory microbiome, we launched this interdisciplinary hypothesis-generating study to benchmark culture-independent microbiome analysis in drug manufacturing units producing antibiotics and nonantibiotic drugs, against traditional microbial identification and quantification techniques...
September 5, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872107/soft-lithographic-procedure-for-producing-plastic-microfluidic-devices-with-view-ports-transparent-to-visible-and-infrared-light
#8
Mona Suryana, Jegan V Shanmugarajah, Sivakumar M Maniam, Gianluca Grenci
Infrared (IR) spectro-microscopy of living biological samples is hampered by the absorption of water in the mid-IR range and by the lack of suitable microfluidic devices. Here, a protocol for the fabrication of plastic microfluidic devices is demonstrated, where soft lithographic techniques are used to embed transparent Calcium Fluoride (CaF2) view-ports in connection with observation chamber(s). The method is based on a replica casting approach, where a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) mold is produced through standard lithographic procedures and then used as the template to produce a plastic device...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858040/microbial-contamination-on-touch-surfaces-in-sick-and-well-child-waiting-rooms-in-pediatric-outpatient-facilities
#9
Irina Gudakova, JinYoung Kim, Jennifer F Meredith, Ginny Webb
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections are a significant public health burden resulting in approximately 1.7 million infections each year. Much work is done to study the contributing factors in inpatient settings; however, little has been done to study outpatient facilities and their roles in healthcare-associated infections. While many pediatric outpatient offices utilize separated waiting areas for sick and well children to decrease the spread of disease, research has not been done to determine whether this practice is of benefit...
August 26, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855663/monolithically-multi-color-lasing-from-an-ingan-microdisk-on-a-si-substrate
#10
M Athanasiou, R M Smith, J Pugh, Y Gong, M J Cryan, T Wang
An optically pumped multi-color laser has been achieved using an InGaN/GaN based micro-disk with an undercut structure on a silicon substrate. The micro-disk laser has been fabricated by means of a combination of a cost-effective microsphere lithography technique and subsequent dry/wet etching processes. The microdisk laser is approximately 1 μm in diameter. The structure was designed in such a way that the vertical components of the whispering gallery (WG) modes formed can be effectively suppressed. Consequently, three clean lasing peaks at 442 nm, 493 nm and 522 nm have been achieved at room temperature by simply using a continuous-wave diode laser as an optical pumping source...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844383/contact-patterns-during-cleaning-of-vomitus-a-simulation-study
#11
Yu-Min Su, Linh Phan, Osayuwamen Edomwande, Rachel Weber, Susan C Bleasdale, Lisa M Brosseau, Charissa Fritzen-Pedicini, Monica Sikka, Rachael M Jones
BACKGROUND: Environmental service workers cleaning bodily fluids may transfer pathogens through the environment and to themselves through contacts. METHODS: Participants with experience in cleaning of hospital environments were asked to clean simulated vomitus using normal practices in a simulated patient room while being videorecorded. Contacts with environmental surfaces and self were later observed. RESULTS: In 21 experimental trials with 7 participants, environmental surfaces were contacted 26...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821825/giant-modulation-of-the-electronic-band-gap-of-carbon-nanotubes-by-dielectric-screening
#12
Lee Aspitarte, Daniel R McCulley, Andrea Bertoni, Joshua O Island, Marvin Ostermann, Massimo Rontani, Gary A Steele, Ethan D Minot
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a promising material for high-performance electronics beyond silicon. But unlike silicon, the nature of the transport band gap in CNTs is not fully understood. The transport gap in CNTs is predicted to be strongly driven by electron-electron (e-e) interactions and correlations, even at room temperature. Here, we use dielectric liquids to screen e-e interactions in individual suspended ultra-clean CNTs. Using multiple techniques, the transport gap is measured as dielectric screening is increased...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815459/a-roadmap-for-reducing-cardiac-device-infections-a-review-of-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-actionable-risk-factors-to-guide-the-development-of-an-infection-prevention-program-for-the-electrophysiology-laboratory
#13
REVIEW
Westyn Branch-Elliman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infections are highly morbid, common, and costly, and rates are increasing (Sohail et al. Arch Intern Med 171(20):1821-8 2011; Voigt et al. J Am Coll Cardiol 48(3):590-1 2006). Factors that contribute to the development of CIED infections include patient factors (comorbid conditions, self-care, microbiome), procedural details (repeat procedure, contamination during procedure, appropriate pre-procedural prep, and antimicrobial use), environmental and organizational factors (patient safety culture, facility barriers, such as lack of space to store essential supplies, quality of environmental cleaning), and microbial factors (type of organism, virulence of organism)...
August 16, 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800430/chain-length-effects-on-the-vibrational-structure-and-molecular-interactions-in-the-liquid-normal-alkyl-alcohols
#14
Johannes Kiefer, Sabine Wagenfeld, Daniela Kerlé
Alkyl alcohols are widely used in academia, industry, and our everyday lives, e.g. as cleaning agents and solvents. Vibrational spectroscopy is commonly used to identify and quantify these compounds, but also to study their structure and behavior. However, a comprehensive investigation and comparison of all normal alkanols that are liquid at room temperature has not been performed, surprisingly. This study aims at bridging this gap with a combined experimental and computational effort. For this purpose, the alkyl alcohols from methanol to undecan-1-ol have been analyzed using infrared and Raman spectroscopy...
July 31, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776131/pure-distraction-injury-of-t1-2-with-quad-fever
#15
Jun-Yeong Seo, Chae-Moon Lim, Young-Hoon Kim, Kee-Yong Ha
INTRODUCTION: We report a pure distraction injury of the upper thoracic spine and uncontrolled hyperthermia without an infectious cause. Quad fever appears in the first several weeks to months after a cervical or upper thoracic SCI and is characterized by an extreme elevation in body core temperature beyond 40 °C without an infectious cause. Discriminating between infectious and noninfectious causes is important, and a thorough clinical assessment is required. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 52-year-old male visited the emergency room complaining of back pain with complete paralysis [American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) A] of both lower extremities after a pedestrian-motor vehicle accident...
August 3, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773212/production-of-high-value-nanoparticles-via-biogenic-processes-using-aquacultural-and-horticultural-food-waste
#16
REVIEW
Purabi R Ghosh, Derek Fawcett, Shashi B Sharma, Gerrard E J Poinern
The quantities of organic waste produced globally by aquacultural and horticulture are extremely large and offer an attractive renewable source of biomolecules and bioactive compounds. The availability of such large and diverse sources of waste materials creates a unique opportunity to develop new recycling and food waste utilisation strategies. The aim of this review is to report the current status of research in the emerging field of producing high-value nanoparticles from food waste. Eco-friendly biogenic processes are quite rapid, and are usually carried out at normal room temperature and pressure...
July 25, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771327/room-temperature-wet-chemical-synthesis-of-au-nps-tih2-nanocarved-ti-self-supported-electrocatalysts-for-highly-efficient-h2-generation
#17
Mohammed A Amin, Sahar A Fadlallah, Ghaida S Alosaimi, Emad M Ahmed, Nasser Y Mostafa, Pascal Roussel, Sabine Szunerits, Rabah Boukherroub
Self-supported electrocatalysts are a new class of materials exhibiting high catalytic performance for various electrochemical processes and can be directly equipped in energy conversion devices. We present here, for the first time, sparse Au NPs self-supported on etched Ti (nanocarved Ti substrate self-supported with TiH2) as promising catalysts for the electrochemical generation of hydrogen (H2) in KOH solutions. Cleaned, as-polished Ti substrates were etched in highly concentrated sulfuric acid solutions without and with 0...
August 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770497/practical-approaches-for-assessment-of-daily-and-post-discharge-room-disinfection-in-healthcare-facilities
#18
REVIEW
Abhishek Deshpande, Curtis J Donskey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cleaning and disinfection in healthcare facilities is essential to ensure patient safety. This review examines practical strategies used to assess and improve the effectiveness of daily and post-discharge manual cleaning in healthcare facilities. RECENT FINDINGS: Effective implementation of cleaning interventions requires objective monitoring of staff performance with regular feedback on performance. Use of fluorescent markers to assess thoroughness of cleaning and measurement of residual ATP can provide rapid and objective feedback to personnel and have been associated with improved cleaning...
September 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767536/risk-factors-associated-with-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-among-hospitalized-people-who-inject-drugs
#19
Kristina T Phillips, Bradley J Anderson, Debra S Herman, Jane M Liebschutz, Michael D Stein
OBJECTIVES: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are common among people who inject drugs (PWID), and can lead to serious morbidity and costly emergency room and hospital utilization. A range of high-risk injection practices may contribute to these infections. The goal of the current study was to examine risk practices that were associated with SSTIs in a sample of hospitalized PWID. METHODS: PWID (N = 143; 40.6% female) were recruited from inpatient medical units at a large urban hospital and completed a baseline interview that focused on infection risk...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763180/-improving-operating-room-efficiency-an-observational-and-multidimensional-approach-in-the-san-camillo-forlanini-hospital-rome
#20
Lucia Mitello, Fabrizio D'Alba, Francesca Milito, Cinzia Monaco, Daniela Orazi, Daniela Battilana, Anna Rita Marucci, Angelo Longo, Roberto Latina
AIM: The management of operating rooms (ORs) is a complex process which requires an effective organizational scheme. In order to amore convinient allocation of resources a rigorous monitoring plan is needed to ensure operating rooms performances. All the necessary actions should be taken to improve the quality of the planning and scheduling procedure. METHODS: Between April-December, 2016 an organizational analysis has been carried out on the performances of the A...
April 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
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