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Clean room

Mubarak J Al-Saadi, Salim H Al-Harthi, Htet H Kyaw, Myo T Z Myint, Tanujjal Bora, Karthik Laxman, Ashraf Al-Hinai, Joydeep Dutta
We report on the surface, sub-surface (top few nanometers) and bulk properties of hydrothermally grown zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods (NRs) prior to and after hydrogen treatment. Upon treating with atomic hydrogen (H*), upward and downward band bending is observed depending on the availability of molecular H2O within the structure of the NRs. In the absence of H2O, the H* treatment demonstrated a cleaning effect of the nanorods, leading to a 0.51 eV upward band bending. In addition, enhancement in the intensity of room temperature photoluminescence (PL) signals due to the creation of new surface defects could be observed...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Jee Won Lee, Dohwan Lee, Yong Tae Kim, Eun Yeol Lee, Do Hyun Kim, Tae Seok Seo
This paper describes the development of a novel paper-based capillary electrophoresis (pCE) microdevice using mineral paper, which is durable, oil and tear resistant, and waterproof. The pCE device is inexpensive (~$1.6 per device for materials), simple to fabricate, lightweight, and disposable, so it is more adequate for point-of-care (POC) pathogen diagnostics than a conventional CE device made of glass, quartz, silicon or polymer. In addition, the entire fabrication process can be completed within 1h without using expensive clean room facilities and cumbersome photolithography procedures...
December 28, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Raveesh Daniel Richard, Thomas R Bowen
BACKGROUND: Contaminated operating room surfaces can increase the risk of orthopaedic infections, particularly after procedures in which hardware implantation and instrumentation are used. The question arises as to how surgeons can measure surface cleanliness to detect increased levels of bioburden. This study aims to highlight the utility of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) bioluminescence technology as a novel technique in detecting the degree of contamination within the sterile operating room environment...
January 3, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Doga Demirel, Alexander Yu, Seth Cooper-Baer, Aditya Dendukuri, Tansel Halic, Sinan Kockara, Nizamettin Kockara, Shahryar Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Shoulder arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for diagnosis and treatment of a shoulder pathology. The procedure is performed with a fiber optic camera, called arthroscope, and instruments inserted through very tiny incisions made around the shoulder. The confined shoulder space, unintuitive camera orientation and constrained instrument motions complicates the procedure. Therefore, surgical competence in arthroscopy entails extensive training especially for psychomotor skills development...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
Lluís Mañosa, Antoni Planes
The search for materials with large caloric effects has become a major challenge in material science due to their potential in developing near room-temperature solid-state cooling devices, which are both efficient and clean, and that can successfully replace present refrigeration technologies. There are three main families of caloric materials: magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, and mechanocaloric. While magnetocaloric and electrocaloric materials have been studied intensively in the last few decades, mechanocaloric materials are only very recently receiving a great deal of attention...
December 27, 2016: Advanced Materials
Steven B Cannady, Kyle M Hatten, Andres M Bur, Jason Brant, John P Fischer, Jason G Newman, Ara A Chalian
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article was to assess the rates of head and neck free tissue transfer and variables available in the American College of Surgeons - National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) dataset to predict overall and serious complications. METHODS: We conducted a data analysis from 2005 to 2014 on free tissue cases in the head and neck with descriptive and cross-sectional analysis to examine correlation of NSQIP variables with complications (p < ...
December 21, 2016: Head & Neck
Yu-Huai Ho, Chun-Chieh Tseng, Lih-Shinn Wang, Yi-Ting Chen, Guan-Jin Ho, Teng-Yi Lin, Ling-Yi Wang, Li-Kuang Chen
BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) is associated with nosocomial infections worldwide. Here, we used phage as a potential agent to evaluate the efficacy of daily cleaning practices combined with a bacteriophage-containing aerosol against CRAB. METHODS: A two-phase prospective intervention study was performed at a 945-bed public teaching hospital. From March to December 2013, we performed terminal cleaning using standard procedures plus an aerosol with active bacteriophage in the intensive care units to evaluate the impact on nosocomial incidence density, carbapenem-resistance rates and antimicrobial drug consumption amounts...
2016: PloS One
John J Kiernicki, Matthias Zeller, Suzanne C Bart
General reductive silylation of the UO2(2+) cation occurs readily in a one-pot, two-step stoichiometric reaction at room temperature to form uranium(IV) siloxides. Addition of two equivalents of an alkylating reagent to UO2 X2 (L)2 (X=Cl, Br, I, OTf; L=triphenylphosphine oxide, 2,2'-bipyridyl) followed by two equivalents of a silyl (pseudo)halide, R3 Si-X (R=aryl, alkyl, H; X=Cl, Br, I, OTf, SPh), cleanly affords (R3 SiO)2 UX2 (L)2 in high yields. Support is included for the key step in the process, reduction of U(VI) to U(V) ...
December 19, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Hangcheng Ni, Zaozao Qiu, Zuowei Xie
Photoarylation of iodocarboranes with unactivated arenes/heteroarenes at room temperature has been achieved, for the first time, thus leading to the facile synthesis of a large variety of cage carbon mono(hetero)arylated and di(hetero)arylated o-carboranes. This work represents a clean, efficient, transition-metal-free, and cheap synthesis of functionalized carboranes, which has significant advantages over the known methods.
December 19, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Kerstin F Gerer, Stefanie Hoyer, Jan Dörrie, Niels Schaft
Electroporation (EP) of mRNA into human cells is a broadly applicable method to transiently express proteins of choice in a variety of different cell types. We have spent more than a decade to optimize and adapt this method, first for antigen-loading of dendritic cells (DCs), and subsequently for T cells, B cells, bulk PBMCs, and several cell lines. In this regard, antigens were introduced, processed, and presented in context of MHC class I and II. Next to that, functional proteins like adhesion receptors, T-cell receptors (TCRs), chimeric antigen receptors (CARs), constitutively active signal transducers, and others were successfully expressed...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Zhuo Wang, Xiaohong Xia, Meilan Guo, Guosheng Shao
Effective detection of hydrogen at lowered temperature is highly desirable in promoting safety in using this abundant gas as a clean energy source. Through first-principle calculations in the framework of density functional theory, we find that the high-energy (002) surface for rutile TiO2 is significantly more effective in adsorbing hydrogen atoms through dissociating hydrogen molecules. The pathways for the dissociation of hydrogen molecules and sequential migration of hydrogen atoms are identified through searching along various transitional states...
December 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Gen Long, Denis Maryenko, Junying Shen, Shuigang Xu, Jianqiang Hou, Zefei Wu, Wing Ki Wong, Tianyi Han, Jiangxiazi Lin, Yuan Cai, Rolf Lortz, Ning Wang
We demonstrate that a field-effect transistor (FET) made of few-layer black phosphorus (BP) encapsulated in hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) in vacuum exhibits a room-temperature hole mobility of 5200 cm(2)/(Vs), being limited just by the phonon scattering. At cryogenic temperatures, the FET mobility increases up to 45 000 cm(2)/(Vs), which is five times higher compared to the mobility obtained in earlier reports. The unprecedentedly clean h-BN-BP-h-BN heterostructure exhibits Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations and a quantum Hall effect with Landau level (LL) filling factors down to v = 2 in conventional laboratory magnetic fields...
December 14, 2016: Nano Letters
A Tammelin, A-M Blomfeldt
A low level of air-borne bacteria in the operating room air can be achieved if all staff wear clothes made of low-permeability material (i.e. clean air suits). This study investigated if there was a difference in protective efficacy between two single-use scrubs made of polypropylene by testing them during routinely performed orthopaedic surgical procedures. No significant difference in the colony-forming unit count/m(3) air was found between the two scrubs, so the choice can be based on which scrub type is more comfortable for staff...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Xiaochen Tang, Pawel K Misztal, William W Nazaroff, Allen H Goldstein
Research on the sources of indoor airborne chemicals has traditionally focused on outdoor air, building materials, furnishings, and activities such as smoking, cooking, and cleaning. Relatively little research has examined the direct role of occupant emissions, even though this source clearly contributes to indoor volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and influences indoor chemistry. In this work, we quantify occupant-related gaseous VOC emissions in a university classroom using a proton-transfer-reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometer...
December 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Maryam Bordbar, Nafiseh Mortazavimanesh
Palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) have been immobilized on the surface of walnut shell powder using Equisetum arvense L. leaf extract as reducing and stabilizing agents in this work. FT-IR spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) have been used in the characterization of the nanocomposites thus prepared. High catalytic activity was shown by these nanocomposites in the reduction of different dyes...
December 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Miguel M De Jesus, Jayson S Santiago, Camille V Trinidad, Melvin E See, Kimberly R Semon, Manuel O Fernandez, Francisco S Chung
Psoriasis is a dermatologic disease of immune origins with no definitive cure. We report the Makati Medical Center experience of utilizing autologous mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) for one patient with psoriasis vulgaris (PV) and another with psoriatic arthritis (PA). Patients were educated and gave informed consent, according to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki. The protocol was approved by the Cellular Transplantation Ethics Committee of the Makati Medical Center. Autologous MSCs were cultured from lipoaspirate and expanded in a clean room class 100 facility (Cellular Therapeutics Center, Makati Medical Center)...
November 2016: Cell Transplantation
Ingrid Sander, Heinz-Dieter Neumann, Anne Lotz, Christina Czibor, Eva Zahradnik, Angelika Flagge, Inga Faller, Martin Buxtrup, Thomas Brüning, Monika Raulf
Indoor allergens are among the main causes of allergic rhinitis and asthma. Allergen exposure is not limited to private homes. Mite, cat, and dog allergens were measured in day care centers to determine whether these concentrations detected might exert significant influence on human health. In 20 day care centers across North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, the surfaces of 171 rooms were vacuumed 4 times a year to collect dust (1340 samples in total). In all samples, domestic mite antigens (DM) and the main allergens of cats (Fel d 1) and dogs (Can f 1) were quantified using enzyme immunoassays...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Valeria Purpura, Elena Bondioli, Davide Melandri, Pier C Parodi, Luca Valenti, Michele Riccio
The graft of autologous fat for the augmentation of soft tissue is a common practice frequently used in the field of plastic and reconstructive surgery. In addition, the presence of adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) in adipose tissue stimulates the regeneration of tissue in which it is applied after the autologous fat grafting improving the final clinical results. Due to these characteristics, there is an increasing interest in the use of ASCs for the treatment of several clinical conditions. As a consequence, the use of clean room environment is required for the production of cell-based therapies...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Brian R Yablon, Raymund Dantes, Victoria Tsai, Rachel Lim, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Matthew Arduino, Bette Jensen, Megan Toth Patel, Michael O Vernon, Yoran Grant-Greene, Demian Christiansen, Craig Conover, Alexander Kallen, Alice Y Guh
OBJECTIVE To determine the source of a healthcare-associated outbreak of Pantoea agglomerans bloodstream infections. DESIGN Epidemiologic investigation of the outbreak. SETTING Oncology clinic (clinic A). METHODS Cases were defined as Pantoea isolation from blood or catheter tip cultures of clinic A patients during July 2012-May 2013. Clinic A medical charts and laboratory records were reviewed; infection prevention practices and the facility's water system were evaluated. Environmental samples were collected for culture...
December 6, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Qiang Wang, Lingyan Zhu, Meng Chen, Xinxin Ma, Xiaolei Wang, Junchao Xia
Bisphenol analogues are a group of chemicals which are being widely applied in industrial and household products owing to regulations on bisphenol A (BPA) in many countries. In this study, an analytical method, including extraction from complex environmental matrices, clean-up using solid phase extraction (SPE) and following-up derivatization prior to gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS), was developed to analyze seven commonly used bisphenols in sediment. Five kinds of extraction solvents, four kinds of SPE cartridges, and four kinds of SPE eluting solvents were individually tested for their performances; and the conditions for derivatizing were also optimized...
February 2017: Chemosphere
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