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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943372/gender-differences-in-the-urology-residency-match-does-it-make-a-difference
#1
Carrie M Aisen, Wilson Sui, Jamie S Pak, Matthew Pagano, Kimberly L Cooper, Gina M Badalato
OBJECTIVES: To assess the differences between the male and female urology resident applicant pool. Urology is a competitive field with a selective match process. Women have historically been a minority in medicine. While this has equalized, women continue to be underrepresented in urology. METHODS: All application submitted through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) to the Columbia University Department of Urology for the 2015 and 2016 match were reviewed...
September 21, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943193/epidemiology-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-sustained-by-naval-special-forces-operators-and-students
#2
Mita Lovalekar, Katherine A Perlsweig, Karen A Keenan, Thomas M Baldwin, Michael Caviston, Anne E McCarthy, Jeffrey J Parr, Bradley C Nindl, Kim Beals
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this analysis was to describe the incidence and common types of medical chart-reviewed musculoskeletal injuries, among four distinct groups of Naval Special Warfare (NSW) personnel: Sea, Air, and Land (SEAL) Operators, SEAL Qualification Training (SQT) students, Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewman (SWCC) Operators, and Crewman Qualification Training (CQT) students. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for 920 NSW personnel...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942806/comparison-of-stepped-care-delivery-against%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-single-empirically-validated-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-program-for-youth-with-anxiety-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Ronald M Rapee, Heidi J Lyneham, Viviana Wuthrich, Mary Lou Chatterton, Jennifer L Hudson, Maria Kangas, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
OBJECTIVE: Stepped care is embraced as an ideal model of service delivery but is minimally evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for child anxiety delivered via a stepped-care framework compared against a single, empirically validated program. METHOD: A total of 281 youth with anxiety disorders (6-17 years of age) were randomly allocated to receive either empirically validated treatment or stepped care involving the following: (1) low intensity; (2) standard CBT; and (3) individually tailored treatment...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942690/colorectal-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-esd-in-the-west-when-can-satisfactory-results-be-obtained-a-single-operator-learning-curve-analysis
#4
Michał Spychalski, Aleksander Skulimowski, Adam Dziki, Yutaka Saito
OBJECTIVES: Up to date we lack a detailed description of the colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) learning curve, that would represent the experience of the Western center. The aim of this study was to define the critical points of the learning curve and to draw up lesions qualification guidelines tailored to the endoscopists experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have carried out a single center prospective study. Between June 2013 and December 2016, 228 primary colorectal lesions were managed by ESD procedure...
September 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940942/is-lower-symptom-recognition-associated-with-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-help-seeking-for-potential-breast-cancer-symptoms
#5
Hilary Davies, Afrodita Marcu, Peter Vedsted, Katriina L Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: Socioeconomic inequalities in recognising signs and symptoms of cancer may result in inequalities in timely help-seeking and subsequent prognosis of breast cancer. We explored the mediating role of symptom attribution and concern on the relationship between level of education and help-seeking for potential breast cancer symptoms. METHODS: Women aged ≥47 years (n=961) were purposively recruited (by education) to complete an online vignette-based survey that included nipple rash and axillary lump (in separate vignettes) as potential symptoms of breast cancer...
September 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940933/evaluating-student-learning-outcomes-in-oral-health-knowledge-and-skills
#6
Adrienne Lewis, Suzanne Edwards, Glenda Whiting, Frank Donnelly
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate whether a set of oral health resources designed for workforce training was relevant for students undertaking an entry-level nursing or aged care qualification. BACKGROUND: Oral health is one of the most neglected aspects of nursing care experienced by older people. Despite efforts to improve aged care worker oral health knowledge and skills, one-off training and rapid staff turnover have hindered the success of workplace programs...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937890/the-use-of-restorative-materials-in-primary-molars-among-pediatric-dentists-in-israel
#7
Sigalit Blumer, Benjamin Peretz, Tal Ratson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the current choice of various restoration materials among Israeli pediatric dentists according to seniority and specialty. STUDY DESIGN: Participating dentists completed a 23-item questionnaire on their qualifications, type of practice and preference of restorative material. RESULTS: Seventy-five dentists (average age 46.27±12.6 years, 58 females) participated. Forty-one were specialist pediatric dentists and 34 were general practitioners...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936821/-forensic-psychiatric-assessment-with-the-claim-of-incitement-solicitation-assistance-to-suicide-and-reinforcement-of-suicide-decision-a-case-report
#8
Altan Eşsizoğlu, Mustafa Sercan
Although the act of suicide is not considered a crime in Turkish Criminal Law, any contribution (incitement, solicitation, assistance and reinforcement of suicide decision) to the commitment of suicide is a crime according to the 84th item. However, the number of cases opened with respect to this item as well as request for forensic psychiatric expertise is very rare. In these cases, forensic psychiatric expertise depends on the psychiatric evaluation of the individual that committed suicide and the analysis of his/her relationship with the person that incited the suicide...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935255/a-comprehensive-approach-to-qualify-and-validate-the-essential-parameters-of-an-in-vitro-release-test-ivrt-method-for-acyclovir-cream-5
#9
Katrin I Tiffner, Isadore Kanfer, Thomas Augustin, Reingard Raml, Sam G Raney, Frank Sinner
The rate of release of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) from a topical semisolid dosage form can be influenced by its physical and structural properties. An In Vitro Release Test (IVRT) is an established method to characterize this rate of API release and compare the underlying sameness in product quality characteristics. The purpose of this work was to validate an IVRT method to compare acyclovir cream, 5% products. However, despite widespread use of the IVRT since 1997, there was no established approach to validate an IVRT method...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934270/assessment-of-the-trophic-state-of-a-hypersaline-carbonatic-environment-vermelha-lagoon-brazil
#10
Lazaro Laut, Maria Virginia Alves Martins, Fabrizio Frontalini, João M Ballalai, Pierre Belart, Renan Habib, Luiz F Fontana, Iara M M M Clemente, Maria Lucia Lorini, João G Mendonça Filho, Vanessa M Laut, Marcos de Souza Lima Figueiredo
Vermelha Lagoon is a hypersaline shallow transitional ecosystem in the state of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). This lagoon is located in the protected area of Massambaba, between the cities of Araruama and Saquarema (Brazil), and displays two quite uncommon particularities: it exhibits carbonate sedimentation and displays the development of Holocene stromatolites. Due to both particularities, the salt industry and property speculation have been, increasingly, generating anthropic pressures on this ecosystem. This study aims to apply a multiproxy approach to evaluate the trophic state of Vermelha Lagoon based on physicochemical parameters and geochemical data for the quantification and qualification of organic matter (OM), namely total organic carbon (TOC), total sulfur (TS), total phosphorus (TP) and biopolymeric carbon (BPC), including carbohydrates (CHO), lipids (LIP) and proteins (PTN)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926353/randomized-double-blind-placebo-and-active-comparator-controlled-crossover-study-evaluating-the-abuse-potential-of-the-antiepileptic-drug-lacosamide-in-healthy-recreational-drug-users
#11
Kerri A Schoedel, Jens-Otto Andreas, Pamela Doty, Klaus Eckhardt, Edward M Sellers
PURPOSE: This phase 1, randomized, double-blind, placebo- and active comparator-controlled crossover study assessed the abuse potential of the antiepileptic drug, lacosamide. METHODS: After a qualification phase, 38 healthy, recreational central nervous system-depressant users were randomized to treatment sequences comprising single oral therapeutic (200 mg) and supratherapeutic (800 mg) doses of lacosamide, alprazolam (1.5 and 3 mg), and placebo. Subjective effects were assessed for 24 hours following each dose using a range of scales, with a 5- to 9-day washout between treatments...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926009/improving-the-delivery-of-veterinary-services-in-africa-insights-from-the-empirical-application-of-transaction-costs-theory-in-uganda-and-kenya
#12
J Ilukor
This paper presents a summary of findings from a research project that examined institutional arrangements for providing animal health services in Uganda and Kenya. Given the need to find solutions to the pervasive governance challenges encountered in the delivery of veterinary services in Africa, the study applied transaction economics theory to generate recommendations on how to improve the delivery of these services and minimise livestock production risks, including those that pose a risk to human health, e...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922617/training-the-next-generation-of-biobankers-a-two-year-master-s-course-in-the-management-of-biobanks
#13
Emmanuelle Gormally, Isabelle Hardy, Elodie Caboux, Jeanne-Hélène di Donato, Pierre Hainaut, Paul Hofman
The growing complexity of biobanking requires dedicated professional staff who are trained in multiple aspects of the biobanking process, including technical, managerial, regulatory, and ethical aspects, and who have a good understanding of the challenges of biospecimen research, but also of the challenges related to the sustainability of future biobanks. Up to the present, biobanking staff have been trained in an ad-hoc manner, usually through specific short duration courses, for example, summer schools. In this article, we describe the development/establishment of a systematic 2-year training program at the Master level intended for students with a background in life sciences and providing them with a professional qualification as a "Biobank Manager...
September 18, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918326/a-surrogate-analyte-based-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-determination-of-endogenous-cyclic-nucleotides-in-rat-brain
#14
Jie Chen, Ali Tabatabaei, Doug Zook, Yan Wang, Anne Danks, Kathe Stauber
A robust high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay was developed and qualified for the measurement of cyclic nucleotides (cNTs) in rat brain tissue. Stable isotopically labeled 3',5'-cyclic adenosine-(13)C5 monophosphate ((13)C5-cAMP) and 3',5'-cyclic guanosine-(13)C,(15)N2 monophosphate ((13)C(15)N2-cGMP) were used as surrogate analytes to measure endogenous 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and 3',5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). Pre-weighed frozen rat brain samples were rapidly homogenized in 0...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914867/-on-the-classification-of-large-and-giant-paraclinoid-internal-carotid-artery-aneurysms
#15
O D Shekhtman, Sh Sh Eliava, Yu V Pilipenko, An N Konovalov
Large and giant intradural ICA aneurysms or the so-called paraclinoid aneurysms are a surgical challenge requiring high qualification of the neurosurgeon. Despite numerous publications on this topic, there is still no generally accepted classification of paraclinoid aneurysms. In this paper, we analyzed the definitions and classifications of paraclinoid aneurysms, which were available in the medical literature. The paper presents our own surgical classification of paraclinoid ICA aneurysms, which has been developed by Prof...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901177/evaluation-of-an-fcrn-affinity-chromatographic-method-for-igg1-type-antibodies-and-evaluation-of-igg-variants
#16
Florian Cymer, Tilman Schlothauer, Alexander Knaupp, Hermann Beck
AIM: The neonatal Fc-receptor (FcRn) mediates long serum half-life of therapeutic IgG-type antibodies. This interaction represents a critical quality attribute in terms of pharmacokinetics and should be covered by respective quality control strategies. Antibodies are taken up by cells unspecifically and can bind to FcRn in early endosomes preventing lysosomal degradation and allowing release back into circulation. Reflecting this complex cycle in an in vitro assay strategy represents a challenging task...
September 13, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893073/challenges-faced-by-caregivers-of-children-on-antiretroviral-therapy-at-mutale-municipality-selected-healthcare-facilities-vhembe-district-limpopo-province
#17
Rhudzani V Mafune, Rachel T Lebese, Livhuwani H Nemathaga
BACKGROUND: Children depend solely on caregivers who can be either parents or guardians for drug administration to enhance adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART), which might pose any number of challenges. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the challenges faced by caregivers of children on ART at Mutale Municipality, Vhembe District, Limpopo Province. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHOD: The research design was qualitative, explorative, descriptive and contextual in nature...
August 28, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893071/a-model-of-collaboration-for-the-implementation-of-problem-based-learning-in-nursing-education-in-south-africa
#18
Mahlasela A Rakhudu, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele, Ushonatefe Useh
BACKGROUND: The idea of collaboration between key stakeholders in nursing education for the implementation of problem-based learning (PBL) may have far-reaching implications for the institutions and students. MAIN OBJECTIVE: To develop a model of collaboration to facilitate the implementation of PBL in nursing education. METHODOLOGY: An exploratory sequential design was used. Qualitative data were collected from purposively recruited nurse educators from three universities in South Africa offering PBL and nurse managers from all the three hospitals in North West Province where PBL students are placed for clinical learning...
August 28, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888286/applying-to-college-do-information-deficits-lower-the-likelihood-of-college-eligible-students-from-less-privileged-families-to-pursue-their-college-intentions-evidence-from-a-field-experiment
#19
Martin Ehlert, Claudia Finger, Alessandra Rusconi, Heike Solga
Information deficits are considered an important source of why students from less-privileged families do not enroll in college, even when they are college-eligible and intend to go to college. In this paper, we examine whether correct and detailed information on the costs of and returns to higher education increases the likelihood of college applications of less-privileged high school graduates who expressed college intentions in their junior high school year. We employ an experimental design with a randomly assigned 25-minute information treatment about funding opportunities for, and returns to, higher education given at Berlin schools awarding university entrance qualifications...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880621/research-into-experiential-learning-in-nurse-education
#20
Barry Hill
This research is founded on an innovative pedagogical project as part of a higher education lecturer teaching qualification. This project involved redesigning the module 'advanced history taking and physical examination with clinical reasoning', a continuing professional development at a higher education institution. The author undertook an exploration of the literature, considering evidence on teaching styles and the way in which students learn and gain knowledge. The module was redesigned, impelemented and then evaluated by the student participants...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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