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Ogbonnia Godfrey Ochonma, Stephen Ikechukwu Nwatu
BACKGROUND: There is a compelling need for management training amongst hospital managers in Nigeria mostly because management was never a part of the curricula in medical schools and this has resulted in their deficiencies in effective policymaking, planning and bottom line management. There has been no study to the best of our knowledge on the need and likely factors that may influence the acquisition of such training by hospital managers and this in effect was the reason for this study...
June 14, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Mercedes Bern-Klug, Elizabeth Byram, Nadia Sabbagh Steinberg, Herminia Gamez Garcia, Kyle C Burke
Background and Objective: The federal government holds nursing homes (NHs) responsible for assessing and addressing resident psychosocial needs. The staff person most responsible for psychosocial care planning is the social worker. However, the federal government requires only NHs with 120+ beds to employ one full-time social worker, and that person need not hold a social work degree. We compare/contrast state laws against federal laws and professional standards in terms of the minimum qualifications of NH social workers to determine in which states NH residents are legally entitled to receive services from a professional social work staff member...
June 13, 2018: Gerontologist
Marcell Varga, Nikoletta Gáti, Tamás Kassai, Szilvia Papp, Sándor Pintér
Extensor pollicis longus tendon (EPL) injury is a potential complication of dorsal entry radial elastic nailing technique in children. The aim of this study was to investigate if intraoperative ultrasonographic guidance can reduce the risk of (EPL) injury.Correlation between sonographic and operative findings were examined first in 6 adult cadavers. Position of Lister's tubercle, EPL, and extraosseal end of the elastic nail were detected by ultrasound imaging during a minimally invasive dorsal entry nailing...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Eleanor J Radford, Theo Fotis
Operating theatre scrub nurses (OTSNs) are not required to have undertaken a secondary or specialist post-registration theatre qualification to work in the operating theatre (OT) setting in the UK. From the systematic review there is only very limited literature or research in how technical scrub skills are acquired. This study explores the lived experiences of OTSNs learning technical scrub skills. The study employed the qualitative methodology of interpretative phenomenological analysis. Data was collected from six participating OTSNs using semi-structured interviews...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
Vincenzo Del Giudice, Pierfrancesco De Paola, Fabiana Forte
The database presented was collected to analyze the housing rental prices for a central urban area of Naples (Italy) during 2016. The data sample relates to 64 housing units located in "Santa Lucia" and "Riviera di Chiaia" neighborhoods. It provides significant information on the urban structure of these neighborhoods. The variables are indicators elaborated from official data sources: real estate rental price, commercial area, maintenance status, number of floor level of housing unit, geographical position...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Jasmine Rayapudi, Carounanidy Usha
Background: Minimally invasive dentistry (MID) encompasses early caries diagnosis through caries risk assessment (CRA), early detection of incipient carious lesion including primary and secondary prevention based on scientific evidence that remineralization of demineralized enamel and dentin is possible if detected early. Although the dental curriculum focuses on the advantages of MID in tooth preservation, this science is not usually translated into practice. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and skills of dental practitioners of Puducherry regarding the concepts of MID...
May 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Elie Nkwabong, Romuald Meboulou Nguel, Nelly Kamgaing, Anne Sylvie Keddi Jippe
BACKGROUND: High mother-to-child (MTC) transmission rate of HIV might contribute to the increased pandemic rate. The aim of this study was to identify the knowledge, attitude and practices of health personnel working in maternities in the prevention of MTC transmission of HIV. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out from 20th February to 30th April, 2017. All health personnel working in the maternity wards were included in this study. The variables recorded included their age, grade, experience (number of year of practice), gender, educational level, health structure and the training in prevention of MTC transmission of HIV...
June 14, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
G Oskrochi, Ahmed Bani-Mustafa, Y Oskrochi
Financial status is thought to be an important determinant of psychological well-being. We investigate this relationship, and the effect of other factors, using a parametric mixed modelling approach for panel data, controlling the problem of unobservable heterogeneity. Two nationally representative surveys, the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) and the Understanding Society Survey (USS), were used to construct a unified data set which measured psychological well-being and associated factors using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)...
2018: PloS One
Van N B Nguyen, Helen Forbes, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Maxine Duke
AIMS: To describe how clinical nurse educators in Vietnam are prepared for their role; to identify which preparation strategies assist development of confidence in clinical teaching; and to measure the effect of educational qualifications and professional background on perceived confidence levels. BACKGROUND: The quality of clinical teaching can directly affect the quality of the student learning experience. The role of the clinical educator is complex and dynamic and requires a period of adjustment for successful role transition to occur...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
René Lefever
In 2017, Ilya Prigogine would have been 100 years of age. As for any human being, this centenary is a notable event. For him, as a scientist, 2017 was also above all the 50th anniversary of dissipative structures It was indeed in 1967 that for the first time he used this denomination at the occasion of an important scientific event and in publications. The attribution of this qualification for self-organized behaviours of matter only possible far from equilibrium coincided with the outcome of a research effort of more than 25 years...
July 28, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Judith Czakert, Yvonne Lehmann, Michael Ewers
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been a growing trend towards nursing care at home in general as well as towards intensive home care being provided by specialized home care services in Germany. However, resulting challenges for patient safety have rarely been considered. Against this background we aimed to explore whether international recommendations for patient safety in home care in general and in intensive home care in particular already exist and how they can stimulate further practice development in Germany...
June 8, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
Amy A Eyler, Elizabeth Piekarz-Porter, Natalicio H Serrano
CONTEXT: Participation in high school sports can impact the physical and mental health of students and influence other positive social and economic outcomes. To maintain sports programs amidst school budget deficits, many districts are implementing sports participation fee policies. Although locally implemented, these district policies can be guided by state law. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to assess state laws and regulations related to high school sports participation fees...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Chunchen Liu, Xiaonan Xu, Bo Li, Bo Situ, Weilun Pan, Yu Hu, Taixue An, Shuhuai Yao, Lei Zheng
Exosomes shed by tumor cells have been recognized as promising biomarkers for cancer diagnostics due to their unique composition and functions. Quantification of low concentrations of specific exosomes present in very small volumes of clinical samples may be used for non-invasive cancer diagnosis and prognosis. We developed an immunosorbent assay for digital qualification of target exosomes using droplet microfluidics. The exosomes were immobilized on magnetic mircobeads through sandwich ELISA complexes tagged with an enzymatic reporter that produces a fluorescent signal...
June 11, 2018: Nano Letters
Bo-Wen Deng, Xiao-Zhou Luo, Chun-Zhi Tang, Xiao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in the treatment of epilepsy. METHODS: We first collected research data about randomized control trials (RCTs) of acupuncture treatment of epilepsy from databases CNKI, CBM, VIP and Wanfang using key words "(acupuncture)", "(epilepsy)"or "(epilepsy)"or "(epilepsy)", and from PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library using key words "acupuncture" "needling" "prod" "epilepsy" "epilepsies" or "seizure disorder" or "simple seizure" from the date of database construction to May 5, 2017...
April 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Joseph A Sol, Brent C Ruby, Steven E Gaskill, Charles L Dumke, Joseph W Domitrovich
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to document characteristics of hiking during wildland firefighter (WLFF) training and wildfire suppression. For the first time, the overall physical demands during wildland firefighting were evaluated in the field using global positioning systems coupled with wireless physiological monitoring and load carriage prediction models. METHODS: Male (n=116) and female (n=15) interagency hotshot crew and type II WLFFs on wildfires volunteered for this direct observation study...
June 7, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Yuri Park, Nahye Kim, Jangmi Choi, Min-Ho Park, Byeong Ill Lee, Seok-Ho Shin, Jin-Ju Byeon, Young G Shin
A liquid chromatography⁻quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometric method was developed for early-stage research on adalimumab in rats. The method consisted of immunoprecipitation followed by tryptic digestion for sample preparation and LC-QTOF-MS/MS analysis of specific signature peptides of adalimumab in the positive ion mode using electrospray ionization. This specific signature peptide is derived from the complementarity-determining region (CDR) of adalimumab. A quadratic regression (weighted 1/concentration), with an equation y = ax² + bx + c, was used to fit calibration curves over the concentration range of 1⁻100 μg/mL for adalimumab...
May 24, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Phillip Cottingham, Jon Adams, Ram Vempati, Jill Dunn, David Sibbritt
Background: Massage therapy is widely recognized as offering many health benefits, with a growing number of studies finding it has value in stress management, pain reduction, and overcoming physical limitations. However, there are few studies of massage therapists practices and perceptions in New Zealand and internationally. This paper reports the findings from the first national survey examining the characteristics, perceptions, and experiences of New Zealand-based massage therapists on a range of aspects related to their role and practices...
June 2018: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Pierre Mallia
Past experience in science has thought us the importance of ethics in research. Research is important to the advancement of medicine and therefore good clinical practice in research maintains public trust which otherwise is not only lost but may cause science to seem negative. The rights of participants in the research trial are discussed. This includes knowledge and information about the research itself, the obligations of the researchers and the rights of participants during the research. The EU Directive on Good Clinical Practice in research trials is reviewed, including the twelve principles of the directive...
June 4, 2018: Early Human Development
M Rufo-Campos, M Rufo-Munoz
This study reports on the latest advances in childhood headaches that have been made in the last few years, with special emphasis on the important new modifications that have been produced with respect to the previous ones, published in the beta version of the third edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders. These include headaches that have undergone important qualifications, the appearance of new entities and a section which reports the existence of new headaches, but which have still not been considered as new entities...
June 5, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Yeong-Kwang Kim, Jin-Ha Yoon, Wanhyung Lee, Jihyun Kim, Sung-Shil Lim, Jong-Uk Won
Background: Health officers are an integral part of the occupational health service, and there have been studies to identify and improve the role of health officers in the workplace in order to improve the level of health care in the workplace. This study aimed to determine the contribution of health officers to the role of a health officer as prescribed by law and the percentage of health management work performed during work according to their qualifications. Methods: Questionnaires were distributed to a total of 4584 workplaces where health officers were hired, and a total of 806 copies (17...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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