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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102986/medical-qualification-determinations-final-rule
#1
(no author information available yet)
The U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is issuing a final rule to revise its regulations for medical qualification determinations. The revised regulations update references and language; add and modify definitions; clarify coverage and applicability; address the need for medical documentation and medical examination and/or testing for an applicant or employee whose position may or may not have medical standards and/or physical requirements; and recommend the establishment of agency medical review boards...
18, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102918/medication-administration-errors-and-related-deviations-from-safe-practice-an-observational-study
#2
Alwiena J Blignaut, Siedine K Coetzee, Hester C Klopper, Suria M Ellis
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of medication administration errors, medication administration related deviations from safe practice as well as factors associated with these errors in medical and surgical units of public hospitals in the Gauteng Province of South Africa. BACKGROUND: Several studies have been published on the incidence of medication administration errors, but only a few have studied the incidence of medication administration related deviations from safe practice...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100325/-an-investigation-of-dietary-nutrition-in-kindergartens-of-chongqing-china
#3
Xia Liu, Xin Fan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status of dietary nutrition in kindergartens of Chongqing, China. METHODS: A total of 295 kindergartens (47 first-class ones, 88 second-class ones, and 160 third-class ones) from the 11 districts or counties of Chongqing by stratified cluster random sampling were investigated. The dietary nutrition in each kindergarten was evaluated by weighing. The dietary qualification rates were compared between the three classes of kindergartens...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095908/limiting-treatment-and-shortening-of-life-data-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-germany-on-frequencies-determinants-and-patients-involvement
#4
Birte Malena Dahmen, Jochen Vollmann, Stephan Nadolny, Jan Schildmann
BACKGROUND: Limiting treatment forms part of practice in many fields of medicine. There is a scarcity of robust data from Germany. Therefore, in this paper, we report results of a survey among German physicians with a focus on frequencies, aspects of decision making and determinants of limiting treatment with expected or intended shortening of life. METHODS: Postal survey among a random sample of physicians working in the area of five German state chambers of physicians using a modified version of the questionnaire of the EURELD Consortium...
January 17, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095754/3d-co-culture-of-meniscal-cells-and-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-collagen-type-i-hydrogel-on-a-small-intestinal-matrix-a-pilot-study-towards-equine-meniscus-tissue-engineering
#5
Antje Kremer, Iris Ribitsch, Jenny Reboredo, Julia Dürr, Monika Egerbacher, Florien Jenner, Heike Walles
Meniscal injuries are the most frequently encountered soft tissue injuries in the equine stifle joint. Due to the inherent limited repair potential of meniscal tissue, meniscal injuries do not only affect the meniscus itself but also lead to impaired joint homeostasis and secondary osteoarthritis. The presented study compares 3D co-culture constructs of primary equine mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and meniscus cells (MC) seeded on three different scaffolds - a cell-laden collagen type I hydrogel (Col I gel), a tissue-derived small intestinal matrix scaffold (SIS-muc) and a combination thereof - for their qualification to be applied for meniscus tissue engineering...
January 18, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091962/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-on-breast-cancer-among-health-professionals-in-douala-references-hospitals-cameroon
#6
Charlotte Tchente Nguefack, Calvin N'djeudjui, Jean Paul Ndamba Engbang, Théophile Njamen Nana, Gregory Halle Ekane, Pierre-Marie Tebeu
In Cameroon, patients with breast cancer are more often diagnosed at stage III and IV, hence the need of preventives actions. Knowledge and attitude of medical personnel may influence their practice with regards to screening and early detection of breast cancer. Very few is known about this subject in Cameroon. The objective was to describe the knowledge, attitude, and practice of health care professionals on breast cancer risk factors, diagnostic methods, and screening. This was a cross-sectional study conducted during a 6-month period, among health professionals of Douala General Hospital and Laquintinie Hospital, Cameroon...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088845/-%C3%A2-it-shows-that-there-s-no-limits-the-psychological-impact-of-co-production-for-experts-by-experience-working-in-youth-mental-health
#7
Claire Mayer, Karen McKenzie
Co-production is commonly conceptualised as a more equal sharing of power and decision-making between a dichotomy of service user and service provider, each bringing valuable and different assets to the process. 'Experts by experience' lie in the overlap between this conceptually created duality, providing the services they now do by virtue of having once used services themselves. Previous related studies suggest that their involvement in co-production could impact positively on their social capital, self-esteem, self-efficacy and life skills...
January 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087202/family-adaptation-to-cerebral-palsy-in-adolescents-a-european-multicenter-study
#8
Audrey Guyard, Susan I Michelsen, Catherine Arnaud, Jerome Fauconnier
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Factors promoting family adaptation to child's disability are poorly studied together. The aim of the study was to describe the family adaptation to disability and to identify determinants associated with using a global theoretical model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 286 families of teenagers [13-17 years] with cerebral palsy (CP) from 4 European disability registers were included and visited at home. Face to face interviews were performed in order to measure parental distress, perceived impact in various dimensions of family life, family resources and stressors...
January 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078423/-sexual-medicine-in-daily-practice-germany-wide-questionnaire-of-urologists
#9
I Schloegl, F-M Koehn, K M Beier, H A G Bosinski, A Dinkel, J E Gschwend, K Herkommer
BACKGROUND: Sexual-related problems are very prevalent. Physicians of different disciplines are frequently contacted by men with those problems. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the situation of sexual medicine in daily practice and to evaluate German urologists' need for further training in this field with a focus on gender-specific differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A five-page questionnaire included questions about sexual medicine in daily practice...
January 11, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077409/have-health-inequalities-changed-during-childhood-in-the-new-labour-generation-findings-from-the-uk-millennium-cohort-study
#10
Emeline Rougeaux, Steven Hope, Catherine Law, Anna Pearce
OBJECTIVES: To examine how population-level socioeconomic health inequalities developed during childhood, for children born at the turn of the 21st century and who grew up with major initiatives to tackle health inequalities (under the New Labour Government). SETTING: The UK. PARTICIPANTS: Singleton children in the Millennium Cohort Study at ages 3 (n=15 381), 5 (n=15 041), 7 (n=13 681) and 11 (n=13 112) years. PRIMARY OUTCOMES: Relative (prevalence ratios (PR)) and absolute health inequalities (prevalence differences (PD)) were estimated in longitudinal models by socioeconomic circumstances (SEC; using highest maternal academic attainment, ranging from 'no academic qualifications' to 'degree' (baseline))...
January 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076588/-essential-competencies-in-training-in-obstetrics
#11
Sebastião Junior Henrique Duarte, Richardson Miranda Machado
Objective: Analyze international reports related to training in obstetrics and present guidelines to help leading educational institutions to develop curriculum guidelines for the teaching of obstetrics and advanced nursing practice in this specialty. Methods: A narrative review was conducted of documents from the World Health Organization and the International Confederation of Midwives. The search used the descriptors midwifery and education. All official reports that guide midwife education policies, published from 2009 to 2015 in English and Spanish, and available online, were included...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076272/correction-to-reported-practice-patterns-among-family-physicians-with-a-geriatrics-certificate-of-added-qualifications
#12
(no author information available yet)
In the above-mentioned article,(1) the electronic version differs from the print version due to data reporting errors. The electronic version on the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine website has been corrected. We apologize for the error, and we regret any confusion or inconvenience it may have caused.
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076271/correction-to-family-physicians-with-a-certificate-of-added-qualifications-caqs-in-sports-medicine-spend-the-majority-of-their-time-practicing-sports-medicine
#13
(no author information available yet)
In the above-mentioned article,(1) the electronic version differs from the print version due to data errors in the figure. Consequently, the original title no longer accurately reflects the findings after correcting the data errors and has been changed to: "Family Physicians with a Certificate of Added Qualifications in Sports Medicine Spend an Increasing Amount of Time Practicing Sports Medicine." The electronic version on the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine website has been corrected. We apologize for the error, and we regret any confusion or inconvenience it may have caused...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075281/nursing-associates
#14
Zoe Morgan
I think this role will give people a brilliant opportunity to enter the care service, obtain qualifications and develop a career. The degree pathway prevents some individuals from entering nursing. We must encourage people into the profession and support this - we need more people bedside with patients.
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074291/unaccompanied-refugee-minors-in-germany-attitudes-of-the-general-population-towards-a-vulnerable-group
#15
Paul L Plener, Rebecca C Groschwitz, Elmar Brähler, Thorsten Sukale, Jörg M Fegert
Germany saw an increase in numbers of refugees in 2015, with nearly a third being below the age of 18. Unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) present an especially vulnerable group. In addition to pre-flight and flight stress, the acculturation process can work as potential stressor, and we wanted to explore attitudes towards URM. We conducted a study in a representative sample (n = 2524) of the German population (ages 14 years or older) between January and March 2016. Only 22.8% of participants thought that Germany could accompany more URM...
January 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072681/effects-of-a-group-focused-cognitive-behavioral-health-education-program-on-cigarette-smoking-in-a-sample-of-nigerian-prisoners
#16
Kay C N Onyechi, Chiedu Eseadi, Prince C I Umoke, Amaka B Ikechukwu-Ilomuanya, Mkpoikanke S Otu, Jaachimma C Obidoa, Fedinand U Agu, Okechukwu O Nwaubani, Anthonia N Utoh-Ofong, Chijioke D Ncheke, Felix O Ugwuozor
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a learned habit that has an impact on the psychological and biochemical health of individuals. It is the leading preventable cause of chronic illness worldwide. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a group-focused cognitive behavioral health education program (GCBHEP) on cigarette smoking in a sample of Nigerian prisoners. METHODS: The study used a pretest-posttest randomized control group design. Twenty inmates were identified through self-reporting, 1-to-1 counseling, and observation...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068519/qualification-of-hsqc-methods-for-quantitative-composition-of-heparin-and-low-molecular-weight-heparins
#17
Lucio Mauri, Giovanni Boccardi, Giangiacomo Torri, Michael Karfunkle, Eleonora Macchi, Laura Muzi, David Keire, Marco Guerrini
An NMR HSQC method has recently been proposed for the quantitative determination of the mono- and disaccharide subunits of heparin and low molecular weight heparins (LMWH). The focus of the current study was the validation of this procedure to make the 2D-NMR method suitable for pharmaceutical quality control applications. Pre-validation work investigated the effects of several experimental parameters to assess robustness and to optimize critical factors. Important experimental parameters were pulse sequence selection, equilibration interval between pulse trains and temperature...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067938/health-status-of-homeless-persons-a-pilot-study-in-the-padua-municipal-dorm
#18
S Levorato, G Bocci, G Troiano, G Messina, N Nante
OBJECTIVES: Homeless persons can be considered a vulnerable group and several studies showed in this group an higher prevalence of chronic and infectious diseases, a lower mental health status, and a higher abuse of alcohol. The aim of our study was to investigate the health status of homeless in Padua, Italy, administering a questionnaire composed by SF-36 and EQ-5D. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study from 15 December 2015 to 15 February 2016. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We enrolled in our study 73 homeless persons welcomed in the municipal dorm of Padua...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062819/maternity-care-services-provided-by-family-physicians-in-rural-hospitals
#19
Richard A Young
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe how many rural family physicians (FPs) and other types of providers currently provide maternity care services, and the requirements to obtain privileges. METHODS: Chief executive officers of rural hospitals were purposively sampled in 15 geographically diverse states with significant rural areas in 2013 to 2014. Questions were asked about the provision of maternity care services, the physicians who perform them, and qualifications required to obtain maternity care privileges...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062357/development-qualification-validation-and-application-of-the-neutral-red-uptake-assay-in-chinese-hamster-ovary-cho-cells-using-a-vitrocell%C3%A2-vc10%C3%A2-smoke-exposure-system
#20
Wanda Fields, Kathy Fowler, Victoria Hargreaves, Lesley Reeve, Betsy Bombick
: Cytotoxicity assessment of combustible tobacco products by neutral red uptake (NRU) has historically used total particulate matter (TPM) or solvent captured gas vapor phase (GVP), rather than fresh whole smoke. Here, the development, validation and application of the NRU assay in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells, following exposure to fresh whole smoke generated with the VITROCELL® VC10® system is described. Whole smoke exposure is particularly important as both particulate and vapor phases of tobacco smoke show cytotoxicity in vitro...
January 3, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
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