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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714367/parp-1-serves-as-a-novel-molecular-marker-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-southern-chinese-zhuang-population
#1
Jiatong Li, Dongwei Dou, Ping Li, Wenqi Luo, Wenxin Lv, Chengdong Zhang, Xiaowei Song, Yuan Yang, Yuening Zhang, Yanzhen Xu, Feifan Xiao, Yan Wei, Jian Qin, Hongtao Li, Xiaoli Yang
PARP-1 (poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1) plays an important role in tumorigenesis. Since its effects on different populations are varied, this study investigated the impact of PARP-1 on primary hepatocellular carcinoma in a Southern Chinese Zhuang population. We assessed the global PARP-1 messenger RNA expression in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma using The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset. Increased PARP-1 expression, related to alpha-fetoprotein level, was observed. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve value was 0...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708883/impact-of-stage-management-and-recurrence-on-survival-rates-in-laryngeal-cancer
#2
Jesper Brandstorp-Boesen, Ragnhild Sørum Falk, Morten Boysen, Kjell Brøndbo
A retrospective, longitudinal study of 1,616 patients with primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) at a single center in Norway during 1983-2010 was undertaken to investigate overall survival, disease specific survival, disease-free survival, prognostic factors for overall survival, and impact of recurrence among all-stage laryngeal cancer patients over 15 years' follow-up. The prognostic impact of gender, age, smoking/alcohol, subsite, tumour, node and metastasis staging, period and modality of treatment were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699917/a-potential-prognostic-biomarker-spc24-promotes-tumorigenesis-and-metastasis-in-lung-cancer
#3
Juan Zhou, Yang Yu, Yunfeng Pei, Chunping Cao, Chen Ding, Duping Wang, Li Sun, Guoping Niu
RESULTS: SPC24 is over-expressed in clinical lung adenocarcinoma samples, and high level of SPC24 is associated with advanced stages of lung tumors. Knocking down SPC24 repressed cell growth and promoted apoptosis. SPC24 deficiency reduced cancer cell migration as well. E-cadherin, one of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers, was up-regulated in the knockdown cells, along with down-regulation of N-cadherin and Vimentin. Oncomine expression analyses further confirmed that high level of SPC24 is associated with tumors from smokers, recurrent patients, or patients with shorter survivals...
July 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685219/clinicopathological-significance-of-micropapillary-pattern-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#4
Jung-Soo Pyo, Joo Heon Kim
The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinicopathological characteristics of the micropapillary (MP) subtype and its correlation with survival in lung adenocarcinoma. We investigated the clinicopathological characteristics, including the incidence, sex, smoking history, tumor size, lymph node metastasis, lymphovascular invasion, distant metastasis, genetic alteration, and prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma with the MP pattern through a meta-analysis. From 48 eligible studies, 19,502 lung adenocarcinomas were included...
July 6, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677807/torilis-japonica-extract-fraction-compound-egfr-targeted-inhibition-of-cancer-abnormal-metastasis-in-a549-lung-cancer-cells
#5
Guen Tae Kim, Sang-Yong Kim, Young Min Kim
The number of patients who die from lung cancer is steadily increasing. According to the 2012 statistics, lung cancer accounts for the highest percentage of death from cancer in both sexes. Many research studies found that lung cancer can be caused not only by smoking but by outdoor pollution, and it leads to over-activation of various surface proteins in cancer cells. The over-activity of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is implicated as a crucial factor in inducing abnormal metastasis of lung cancer cells...
June 30, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667517/differential-expression-of-kindlin-1-and-kindlin-2-correlates-with-esophageal-cancer-progression-and-epidemiology
#6
Peng Wang, Jun Zhan, Jiagui Song, Yunling Wang, Weigang Fang, Zhihua Liu, Hongquan Zhang
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the most lethal malignancies in China, but the etiology and risk factors remain unclear. The integrin-interacting proteins Kindlin-1 and Kindlin-2 are focal adhesion molecules that activate transmembrane receptor integrins and regulate tumor cell growth, invasion, and metastasis. Here, we report that Kindlin-1 and Kindlin-2 are differentially expressed among Chinese EC patients. For this, Kindlin-1 and Kindlin-2 expression was evaluated in 220 EC patients by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and found to be correlated with the EC progression, along with a variety of epidemiologic parameters, including smoking, family EC history, and EC invasion status...
June 29, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658670/association-between-abo-blood-types-and-sporadic-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-in-the-chinese-han-population
#7
Qiwen Ben, Jun Liu, Weiyi Wang, Fang Guo, Weiyan Yao, Jie Zhong, Yaozong Yuan
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between non-O blood types and the risk of exocrine pancreatic cancer has been demonstrated, the association between ABO blood types and sporadic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) has not been reported thus far. METHODS: This hospital-based, case-control study included 387 patients with PNET and 542 age- and sex-matched controls. Unconditional multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
June 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641698/-expression-of-serum-lncrna-hotair-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-%C3%A2-and-its-clinical-significance
#8
Nan Tan, Lihong Li, Lu Bai, Kun Zhao
BACKGROUND: The expression of long noncoding RNA HOX antisense RNA (HOTAIR) is abnormal in a variety of tumors. The aim of this study is to explore the serum levels and clinical significance of HOTAIR in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: The serum levels of HOTAIR were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 64 NSCLC patients and 64 normal controls. The relationships between the serum levels of HOTAIR and clinical pathological parameters were analyzed...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637319/matrix-metalloproteinases-their-functional-role-in-lung-cancer
#9
Neha Merchant, Ganji Purnachandra Nagaraju, Balney Rajitha, Saipriya Lammata, Kishore Kumar Jella, Zachary S Buchwald, Sajani S Lakka, Arif N Ali
Lung malignancy is the foremost cause of cancer-related deaths globally and is frequently related to long-term tobacco smoking. Recent studies reveal that the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is extremely high in lung tumors compared to non-malignant lung tissue. MMPs are zinc-dependent proteases and are involved in the degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM). Several investigations have shown that MMPs manipulate the activity of non-ECM molecules, including cytokines, growth factors and receptors which control the tumor microenvironment...
June 16, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635230/-the-expression-of-programmed-death-receptor-1-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-its-clinicopathological-features-and-prognosis-showed-a-connection-with-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-gene-mutations
#10
H Yin, C G Liao, Y Q Wang, Z Li, L L Fan, M L Qian, N Lu
Objective: To investigate the relationships between the expression of programmed death 1 (PD-1) and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The study also attempted to investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis in NSCLC patients. Methods: The expression of PD-1 protein in 88 cases of NSCLC tumor tissues and adjacent tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry. The mutations of EGFR in NSCLC were detected by Polymerase Chain Reaction-Amplification Refractory Mutation System(PCR-ARMS) method...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618967/association-of-lysosomal-protein-transmembrane-4-beta-gene-polymorphism-with-pancreatic-carcinoma-susceptibility-in-the-chinese-population
#11
Bing Wang, Shan Wang, Guowei Liang, Jianjun Xu, Rouli Zhou, Qingyun Zhang
Pancreatic carcinoma is an aggressive malignancy with particularly low 5-year survival rate. In order to improve the dismal survival rate, identification of new potential susceptibility risk factors for the prevention and early detection of pancreatic carcinoma is of utmost importance. Lysosomal protein transmembrane 4 beta has two alleles designated as LAPTM4B*1 and LAPTM4B*2. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between lysosomal protein transmembrane 4 beta gene polymorphism and the risk of pancreatic carcinoma in China...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618954/prognostic-value-of-pretreatment-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-advanced-lung-adenocarcinoma-patients-receiving-first-line-pemetrexed-platinum-doublet
#12
Yanjuan Xiong, Ning Zhao, Yu Zheng, Jian Wang, Feng Wei, Xiubao Ren
Inflammation is a new hallmark feature of cancer initiation and progression. We aimed to investigate the association between inflammatory response biomarkers and progression-free survival and overall survival in advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients treated with first-line pemetrexed and platinum doublet chemotherapy. Patients hospitalized between April 2012 and March 2015 were enrolled and eliminated according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio, derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio were calculated...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608916/value-and-application-of-trimodality-therapy-or-definitive-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-in-thoracic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Wei-Cheng Lin, Yi-Fang Ding, Han-Lin Hsu, Jer-Hwa Chang, Kevin Sheng-Po Yuan, Alexander T H Wu, Jyh-Ming Chow, Chia-Lun Chang, Shee-Uan Chen, Szu-Yuan Wu
BACKGROUND: Few large, prospective, randomized studies have investigated the value and optimal application of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery (trimodality therapy) or definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC). METHODS: The authors analyzed data from patients with TESCC in the Taiwan Cancer Registry database. To compare their outcomes, patients with TESCC were enrolled and categorized into the following groups according to treatment modality: group 1, those who underwent surgery alone; group 2, those who received trimodality therapy; and group 3, those who received definitive CCRT...
June 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599467/association-between-cxcl16-cxcr6-expression-and-the-clinicopathological-features-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#14
Chuangwu Ke, Yanchen Ren, Lu Lv, Weidong Hu, Wenhui Zhou
Lung cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, therefore identifying biomarkers for the early detection, grading or postoperative follow-up of lung cancer is of clinical significance. In the present study, expression of lung tissue (t)-CXCL16 and t-CXCR6 was examined in 58 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using immunohistochemical staining, and serum (s)-CXCL16 levels were detected in 58 patients with NSCLC and in 32 normal volunteers using an ELISA. A follow-up was performed every 4 months between January 2014 and January 2015...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589106/rate-of-occult-cervical-lymph-node-involvement-in-supraglottic-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Maziar Motiee Langroudi, Behrooz Amirzargar, Amin Amali, Mohammad Sadeghi, Mehrdad Jafar, Mohammad Reza Hoseini, Fatemeh Tavakolnejad
INTRODUCTION: To assess the rate of cervical lymph node involvement in patients with supraglottic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with no lymph node in clinical assessments and radiological studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six patients who underwent elective dissection of the cervical lymph node of the second through fourth level were enrolled, and pathologic evaluation of the dissected lymph nodes was performed. Lymph node involvement and association between tumor grade, smoking and gender with lymph node involvement were assessed...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569598/associations-between-nutritional-parameters-and-clinicopathologic-factors-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-a-comprehensive-study
#16
Adam Brewczyński, Beata Jabłońska, Krzysztof Pawlicki
The aim of this study was to assess and analyze the nutritional status of gastric cancer (GC) patients. The analysis included 207 patients with GC treated in a large center of oncology. Patients were divided into two groups according to the cutoff value of the mean prognostic nutritional index (PNI): those with a PNI < 52.78 and those with a PNI ≥ 52.78. The higher PNI was associated with lower age and higher total protein and hemoglobin levels (P < 0.01). The total lymphocyte count (P = 0.02), albumin, total protein and PNI (P < 0...
July 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558460/-clinic-features-of-laryngeal-carcinosarcoma-and-sarcomatoid-carcinoma
#17
Y J Li, W Y Li, J Wang, Z Q Gao, F Qi, H Jiang
Objective: To investigate the clinic feature, pathology, therapy and prognosis of the sarcomatoid caricinoma or carcinosarcoma of the larynx. Methods: We reviewed the clinical records of 7 patients with laryngeal carcinosarcoma /sarcomatoid caricinoma who were treated at our hospital between June 1996 and August 2016. All patients were men (mean age, 65.9 years; range, 52 to 94 years). Among 7 patients, 6 had a history of smoking; 2 underwent radiotherapy; and 5 patients who didn't undergo radiotherapy complained of hoarseness...
May 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554757/clinicopathological-significance-and-prognostic-role-of-ezh2-expression-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#18
Nae Yu Kim, Jung-Soo Pyo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic role of enhancer of zeste homologue 2 (EZH2) expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: The correlation between EZH2 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics, including sex, smoking history, tumor differentiation, histologic type, tumor stage, and lymph node metastasis, was evaluated through a meta-analysis. In addition, the prognostic value of EZH2 expression was elucidated...
April 20, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551766/axl-gas6-expression-can-predict-for-adverse-prognosis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-brain-metastases
#19
Xiaoliang Wu, Wenjuan Ma, Qianghua Zhou, Haijuan Yan, Zuan-Fu Lim, Mayan Huang, Chuangzhong Deng, Xingsu Yu, Huifang Su, Satoshi Komo, Haixia Yang, Xinke Zhang, Sijin Wen, Zhenfeng Zhang, Patrick C Ma
PURPOSE: Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) brain metastases (BM) have poor clinical outcomes. We sought to determine if AXL-GAS6 expression can be used as independent prognostic biomarkers for NSCLC BM. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the medical records of 98 patients diagnosed with advanced metastatic NSCLC from December 2000 to June 2014. Out of a total of 98 patients with NSCLC metastases, 66 patients were identified to have brain metastases...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549835/characterization-of-liver-metastasis-and-its-effect-on-targeted-therapy-in-egfr-mutant-nsclc-a-multicenter-study
#20
Tao Jiang, Ruirui Cheng, Guowei Zhang, Chunxia Su, Chao Zhao, Xuefei Li, Jie Zhang, Fegnying Wu, Xiaoxia Chen, Guanghui Gao, Wei Li, Weijing Cai, Fei Zhou, Jing Zhao, Anwen Xiong, Shengxiang Ren, Guojun Zhang, Caicun Zhou, Jun Zhang
BACKGROUND: The risk factors for liver metastasis (LM) in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain unknown. Whether LM predicts for the effect of first-line epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC needs to be explored. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 598 NSCLC patients from 3 centers underwent EGFR testing, and 293 had EGFR-mutant NSCLC. Of the 598 NSCLC patients, 99 had LM; 56 patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC received EGFR-TKIs as first-line therapy...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
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