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Smoking + metastasis

Rui-Dong Li, Yan-Hua Tang, Hui-Li Wang, Dong Yang, Li-Jun Sun, Wei Li
OBJECTIVE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most lethal human malignancies in China, and the genetic link of hepatocarcinogenesis remains to be defined. Thus, we explored the role of SET and myeloid translocation protein 8, Nervy, and DEAF1 (MYND) domain containing protein 3 (SMYD3) gene polymorphism on risk and prognosis of HCC. METHODS: A total of 236 patients with HCC who received treatment in Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University for the first time and 230 healthy individuals were enrolled in the study...
April 17, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
F C Lu, X Y Xie, X M Yin, Y J Gao
Objective: To examine the expression and potential clinical significance of CCT (cytidine triphosphate: phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase)-α in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methods: Fifty-eight OSCC and paired adjacent non-malignant epithelia samples (between May 2016 and July 2016) were obtained from dental center, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. CCT-α expression was examined by immunohistochemistry. The relationship between CCT-α and clinicopathological features of OSCC patients was analyzed...
April 9, 2018: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Nicholas P Gannon, David M King, Manpreet Bedi
Background: Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are often treated with pre-operative radiation (RT), with or without chemotherapy, followed by wide local excision. Prognosis for these patients involves an interplay of tumor and patient characteristics. Known prognostic determinants include tumor size, grade, response to therapy, and patient characteristics such as age. While smoking is negatively correlated with outcomes in various malignancies, the impact on STS is unknown. We aimed to assess if smoking impacts overall (OS), distant metastasis-free (DMFS), and progression-free (PFS) survival in patients with STS treated with pre-operative RT...
2018: Clinical Sarcoma Research
Xueqiong Lin, Lin Peng, Xijin Xu, Yanrong Chen, Yuling Zhang, Xia Huo
Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) pose a serious threat to human health because of its carcinogenicity. China ranks first according to the Global Cancer Report for 2014 in newly diagnosed gastrointestinal cancers and cancer deaths. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of Cd and Pb burden with the risk of gastrointestinal cancers in a hospital-based case-control study from southern regions of China, Chaoshan area. A total of 279 hospitalized patients were recruited in this study, of which 167 were gastrointestinal cancer cases (70 esophageal cancer, 51 gastric cancer, and 46 colorectal cancer), and 112 controls were recruited from two hospitals in the Chaoshan area of southeast China...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Tomi Akinyemiju, Justin Xavier Moore, Suzanne E Judd, Maria Pisu, Michael Goodman, Virginia J Howard, Leann Long, Monika Safford, Susan C Gilchrist, Mary Cushman
INTRODUCTION: The obesogenic milieu is a pro-tumorigenic environment that promotes tumor initiation, angiogenesis and metastasis. In this prospective cohort, we examined the association between pre-diagnostic metabolic biomarkers, plasma adiponectin, resistin, leptin and lipoprotein (a), and the risk of cancer mortality. METHODS: Prospective data was obtained from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort of Blacks and Whites followed from 2003 through 2012 for cancer mortality...
March 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Hao Wang, Liuhai Shen, Jianhua Geng, Yitian Wu, Huan Xiao, Fan Zhang, Hongwei Si
Using random survival forest, this study was intended to evaluate the prognostic value of serum markers for lung adenocarcinoma patients with brain metastasis (BM), and tried to integrate them into a prognostic model. During 2010 to 2015, the patients were retrieved from two medical centers. Besides the Cox proportional hazards regression, the random survival forest (RSF) were also used to develop prognostic model from the group A (n = 142). In RSF of the group A, the factors, whose minimal depth were greater than the depth threshold or had a negative variable importance (VIMP), were firstly excluded...
April 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ping Ching Pai, Chi Cheng Chuang, Wen Ching Chuang, Ngan Ming Tsang, Chen Kan Tseng, Kuan Hung Chen, Tzu Chen Yen, Chien Yu Lin, Kai Ping Chang, Kin Fong Lei
We aimed to determine whether body composition assessment before treatment can predict outcomes in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). All 881 patients with locoregional head and neck cancer treated with curative intent radiotherapy (RT) between 2005 and 2012 were retrospectively investigated. Body composition was analyzed via pre-RT planning computed tomography (CT) images. Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and skeletal muscle (SM) indices were measured cross-sectionally at the level of the third thoracic vertebra...
April 2, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Najat Mohamed Abulfateh, Randah R Hamadeh, Majida Fikree
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries among males and the third among females. It is the commonest cancer among Bahraini males accounting for 16.9% of all cancers and the third in Bahraini females contributing to 5.8 % of all female cancers. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of lung cancer among the Bahraini population during the period 1998-2011. METHODS: All Bahraini registered lung cancer cases in the national cancer registry from 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2011 were included in the study...
January 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Ying Liu, Jian Cui, Yun-Liang Tang, Liang Huang, Cong-Yang Zhou, Ji-Xiong Xu
The S100 protein family is involved in cancer cell invasion and metastasis, but its prognostic value in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been elucidated. In the present study we investigated the prognostic role of mRNA expression of each individual S100 in NSCLC patients through the Kaplan-Meier plotter (KM plotter) database. Expression of 14 members of the S100 family correlated with overall survival (OS) for all NSCLC patients; 18 members were associated with OS in adenocarcinoma, but none were associated with OS in squamous cell carcinoma...
2018: BioMed Research International
Federico Cipriano, Lycio U Dessoti, Alfredo José Rodrigues, Walter Vilella de Andrade Vicente, Fernando Chahud, Paulo Roberto B Evora
Lung cancers may extend along or grow through the pulmonary veins to invade or lie within the left atrium (LA). A 62-year-old man, previously healthy, presented with 1-month ventilatory-independent right hemithorax back pain, dry cough and large effort dyspnea. He also referred weight loss of 12 kg in 10 months and denied hemoptysis. As antecedents, he smoked for 40 years and moderate daily alcoholism. On physical examination, the patient was in good general condition, hydrated and regular respiration at rest [blood pressure (BP) =120/80 mmHg; heart rate (HR) =90 bpm; respiratory rate (RR) =16 rpm]...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Xiaoxia Li, Ying Yuan, Jiliang Ren, Yiqian Shi, Xiaofeng Tao
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the incremental prognostic value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and integrate it into a multivariate prognostic model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of magnetic resonance imaging findings was conducted in patients with pathologically confirmed HNSCC between June 2012 and December 2015. For each tumor, six histogram parameters were derived: the 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles of ADC (ADC10 , ADC50 , and ADC90 ); mean ADC values (ADCmean ); kurtosis; and skewness...
March 26, 2018: Academic Radiology
Bhishamjit S Chera, Robert J Amdur, Joel E Tepper, Xianming Tan, Jared Weiss, Juneko E Grilley-Olson, D Neil Hayes, Adam Zanation, Trevor G Hackman, Samip Patel, Nathan Sheets, Mark C Weissler, William M Mendenhall
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the current study was to determine quality of life and tumor control from a prospective phase 2 clinical trial evaluating deintensified chemoradiotherapy for favorable risk, human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: Patients with T0-T3, N0-N2c, M0, p16-positive disease and a minimal smoking history were treated with 60 grays of intensity-modulated radiotherapy with concurrent weekly intravenous cisplatin (30 mg/m2 )...
March 26, 2018: Cancer
H T Gu, J Y Zhou, T Wu, J Y Zhou
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of patients with pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC). Methods: The study retrospectively reviewed the clinical, radiological, pathological characteristics and prognosis of 76 patients with PSC who were treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Zhejiang University from January 2011 to December 2016. Gender, age, smoking history, tumor location, tumor size, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, TNM staging and treatment methods were analyzed to determine the factors affecting the prognosis of PSC patients...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Chen Sun, Jianxia Li
PURPOSE: To investigate the expression of microRNA (miRNA-137) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and its effects on activity, invasion and proliferation of OSCC human squamous cell carcinoma cell lines 2 (HSC-2 cell line). METHODS: 158 cases of pathologically-confirmed OSCC tissues and corresponding para-cancerous tissues were collected. The tissue mRNA was extracted and miRNA-137 expression in tissues was detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Rui Chen, Wenjia Xia, Xiaoxiao Wang, Mantang Qiu, Rong Yin, Siwei Wang, Xiaoxiang Xi, Jie Wang, Youtao Xu, Gaochao Dong, Lin Xu, Wei De
Esophageal cancer is one of the most common types of malignant tumors located within the digestive system, with >50% of esophageal cancer cases worldwide occurring in China. Recent studies have demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are frequently dysregulated in cancer; however, few lncRNAs have been characterized in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In the present study, a novel lncRNA, SET-binding factor 2 (SBF2) antisense RNA1 (SBF2-AS1) was exhibited in ESCC. Expression levels of SBF2-AS1 in ESCC and adjacent non-cancerous tissues were detected using the reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Pu-Ji Peng, Ya Li, Shuang Sun
Objective: We aim to explore the connection between Tim-3 expression in both cancerous pancreatic and pericarcinous tissues and the clinicopathological features of pancreatic cancer. We will also preliminarily assess the role and significance of Tim-3 in the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of pancreatic cancer. Methods: Cancerous pancreatic and pericarcinous tissues from 50 patients with pancreatic cancer and six healthy pancreatic tissues were collected from the pathological specimens of traumatic patients to distinguish Tim-3 expression using immunohistochemistry...
December 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Yongping Zhou, Sinuo Chen, Sijin Cheng, Qian Wei, Abdel Hamid Fathy, Ting Shan
BACKGROUNDS: Plenty of studies have been conducted to explore the prognostic value of LncRNA AFAP1-AS1 in various cancers, however, with contradictory outcomes. The aim of the current study was to explore the prognostic value of high LncRNA AFAP1-AS1 expression in various cancers. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane library, China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI) and Wan-fang database were comprehensively retrieved, and all the relevant studies were included into the study...
March 12, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Weiwei Qian, Xiaochuan Kong, Tao Zhang, Dengdian Wang, Jin Song, Yuan Li, Xiaoting Li, Hao Geng, Jie Min, Qi Kong, Jie Liu, Zhiqi Liu, Daming Wang, Zhiqiang Zhang, Dexin Yu, Caiyun Zhong
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are essentially responsible for tumor initiation, growth, progression, metastasis and recurrence, and cigarette smoke (CS) is closely involved in the occurrence and development of kidney cancer. However, the effect of CS on renal CSCs has not been elucidated yet. In the present study, tumorsphere formation assay was used to enrich renal CSCs from 786-O and ACHN cells. We illustrated that CS effectively promoted renal CSCs stemness by enhancing tumorsphere formation, increasing the expression of renal CSCs markers (CD133, CD44, ALDHA1, Oct4, and Nanog) and elevating CD133+ cell population...
March 13, 2018: Oncogenesis
A Beltz, D Gösswein, S Zimmer, R H Stauber, J Hagemann, S Strieth, C Matthias, J Künzel
BACKGROUND: The TNM (tumor, nodes, metastasis) classification is updated periodically according to the literature and international recommendations. With the 8th edition, notable changes have been developed especially with regard to oropharyngeal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The modifications as well as the practicability of the classification for staging of oropharyngeal cancers are demonstrated on the basis of cases from the tumor database. RESULTS: The latest edition of the TNM classification realizes requirements to differentiate between human papilloma virus (HPV) positive and HPV-negative tumors during staging...
March 13, 2018: HNO
Banglun Qian, Xiang Wang, Chao Mao, Yiqun Jiang, Ying Shi, Ling Chen, Shuang Liu, Bin Wang, Shu Pan, Yongguang Tao, Hongcan Shi
BACKGROUND: For many years, lung cancer has been the most common and deadly cancer worldwide. Early diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in particular is very difficult because the symptoms are often ignored. The five-year survival rate is very low despite great improvements to therapy. Thus, there is an urgent need to identify prognostic biomarkers and target molecules for the clinical diagnosis and individualized treatment of NSCLC. METHODS: We performed quantitative real-time PCR to determine the expression levels of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) linc01433 in NSCLC and normal matched lung tissue...
March 13, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
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