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Soil Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811758/pathological-interrelations-of-soil-borne-diseases-in-cucurbits-caused-by-fusarium-species-and-meloidogyne-incognita
#1
Yunhee Seo, Young Ho Kim
Pathological interrelations of two soil-borne diseases in cucurbits (watermelon, oriental melon, shintosa and cucumber) caused by Fusarium isolates (FI) and the root-knot nematode (RKN), Meloidogyne incognita were characterized by the fusarium disease severity index (DI), RKN gall index (GI) and eggmass index (EI) in inoculation tests using FI and RKN. Virulence of FI as determined by DI at 4 weeks after inoculation was mostly in the higher order of Fusarium proliferatum F6, F5 and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp...
August 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682223/-gut-microbiota-and-immune-crosstalk-in-metabolic-disease
#2
Rémy Burcelin
The aim of the review is to discuss about the role played by the defence crosstalk between the gut microbiota and the intestinal immune system, in the development of metabolic disease focusing on obesity and diabetes. Starting from physiological and pathological stand points and based on the latest published data, this review is addressing how the concept of the hologenome theory of evolution can drive the fate of metabolic disease. The notion of "metabolic infection" to explain the "metabolic inflammation" is discussed...
2017: Biologie Aujourd'hui
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650985/chronic-trichuris-muris-infection-causes-neoplastic-change-in-the-intestine-and-exacerbates-tumour-formation-in-apc-min-mice
#3
Kelly S Hayes, Laura J Cliffe, Alison J Bancroft, Simon P Forman, Seona Thompson, Cath Booth, Richard K Grencis
Incidences of infection-related cancers are on the rise in developing countries where the prevalence of intestinal nematode worm infections are also high. Trichuris muris (T. muris) is a murine gut-dwelling nematode that is the direct model for human T. trichiura, one of the major soil-transmitted helminth infections of humans. In order to assess whether chronic infection with T. muris does indeed influence the development of cancer hallmarks, both wild type mice and colon cancer model (APC min/+) mice were infected with this parasite...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624508/epidemiological-profile-of-cutaneous-larva-migrans-in-travelers-returning-to-france-between-2003-and-2015
#4
Doudou Sow, Ferelaha Soro, Emilie Javelle, Fabrice Simon, Philippe Parola, Philippe Gautret
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is caused by the penetration and migration of canine or feline hookworm larvae into the skin, and frequently affects travelers from high-income countries returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas. Unfortunately, this pathology is neglected due to poor understanding among both physicians and travelers. This study describes the profile of cases reported in Marseille, France. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in two specialized hospitals between 2003 and 2015...
June 15, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602857/current-health-risk-assessment-practice-for-dietary-cadmium-data-from-different-countries
#5
REVIEW
Soisungwan Satarug, David A Vesey, Glenda C Gobe
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant with high rates of soil-to-plant transference. This makes exposure to Cd through the food-chain contamination a public health concern. Cd accumulates in kidneys, and the most frequently reported adverse effect of long-term Cd intake is injury to kidneys. The FAO/WHO Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives established a tolerable dietary intake level and a threshold to safeguard population health. The FAO/WHO tolerable intake was set at 25 μg per kg body weight per month (58 μg per day for a 70-kg person) with urinary Cd threshold at 5...
June 8, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589386/navigating-the-jungles-of-tropical-infectious-gastrointestinal-pathology-a-pattern-based-approach-to-the-endoscopic-biopsy
#6
Tomas Slavik, Gregory Y Lauwers
International travels and global human migration have had the unforeseen consequence of increasing the exposure of histopathologists in developed countries to the pathology of tropical infectious disease. The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is often the primary site of infection due to the faecal-oral route of transmission and the high risk of exposure to contaminated water, food or soil when travelling to these regions. Whilst current microbiologic techniques are far more sensitive than histology in detecting infectious pathogens, the histopathologist nonetheless retains a pivotal role in diagnosing tropical GIT disease...
June 6, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578084/a-novel-surgical-strategy-for-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-purge-parathyroidectomy
#7
Cheng-Xiang Shan, Nian-Cun Qiu, Si-Luo Zha, Miao-E Liu, Qiang Wang, Pei-Pei Zhu, Zhi-Peng Du, Chun-Yan Xia, Ming Qiu, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study was intended to demonstrate the feasibility and efficacy of purge parathyroidectomy (PPTX) for patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). METHODS: The "seed, environment, and soil" medical hypothesis was first raised, following review of the literatures, to demonstrate the possible causes of persistence or recurrence of SHPT after parathyroidectomy. Subsequently, the novel surgical strategy of PPTX was proposed, which involves comprehensive resection of the fibro-fatty tissues, including visible or invisible parathyroid, within the region surrounded by the thyroid cartilage, bilateral carotid artery sheath, and the brachiocephalic artery...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555166/is-it-necessary-to-specifically-define-the-cause-of-surgically-treated-biliary-tract-infections-a-rare-case-of-raoultella-planticola-cholecystitis-and-literature-review
#8
Suat Can Ulukent, İnanc Samil Sarici, Nuri Alper Sahbaz, Yigit Mehmet Ozgun, Ozlem Akca, Kamuran Sanlı
Raoultella planticola is an aquatic and soil organism that does not notoriously cause invasive infections in humans. Infections in the literature are limited only in case reports. We present a very rare case of R. planticola cholecystitis. A 71-year-old female patient with abdominal pain was diagnosed with acute cholecystitis. Patient received intravenous antibiotic treatment, but the treatment failed and the patient underwent an open cholecystectomy. The final pathological result was gangrenous cholecystitis complicated with R...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468621/white-muscle-disease-in-foals-focus-on-selenium-soil-content-a-case-series
#9
Catherine Delesalle, Marco de Bruijn, Sanne Wilmink, Hilde Vandendriessche, Gerben Mol, Berit Boshuizen, Lukas Plancke, Guy Grinwis
BACKGROUND: White muscle disease (WMD) is a nutritional myopathy caused by selenium (Se) deficiency. In most soils, Se is present in low concentrations, sometimes even below 0.2 mg/kg, a trend which is seen in many countries. Apart from total soil Se concentrations, soil conditions may be such that the bio-availability of Se is so low that it causes very low uptake in plants which can ultimately lead to deficiency problems in animals. This is the first case series to report clinical WMD in foals in areas deficient in Se, in the Netherlands...
May 3, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454037/agricultural-expansion-as-risk-to-endangered-wildlife-pesticide-exposure-in-wild-chimpanzees-and-baboons-displaying-facial-dysplasia
#10
Sabrina Krief, Philippe Berny, Francis Gumisiriza, Régine Gross, Barbara Demeneix, Jean Baptiste Fini, Colin A Chapman, Lauren J Chapman, Andrew Seguya, John Wasswa
Prenatal exposure to environmental endocrine disruptors can affect development and induce irreversible abnormalities in both humans and wildlife. The northern part of Kibale National Park, a mid-altitude rainforest in western Uganda, is largely surrounded by industrial tea plantations and wildlife using this area (Sebitoli) must cope with proximity to human populations and their activities. The chimpanzees and baboons in this area raid crops (primarily maize) in neighboring gardens. Sixteen young individuals of the 66 chimpanzees monitored (25%) exhibit abnormalities including reduced nostrils, cleft lip, limb deformities, reproductive problems and hypopigmentation...
November 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402782/ecology-and-pathology-of-phytophthora-its-clade-3-species-in-forests-in-western-oregon-usa
#11
Everett M Hansen, Paul W Reeser, Wendy Sutton
Phytophthora species are widespread and diverse in forest ecosystems, but little is known about their ecology. We explore ecological attributes of the closely related clade 3 species that occur sympatrically in western North American forests. We address the population structure, pathology, and epidemiology of P. ilicis, P. nemorosa, P. pluvialis, P. pseudosyringae, and P. psychrophila. Phytophthora species were isolated from plant tissues, rainwater falling through the forest canopy, streams, and soils in forests in western Oregon...
2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370967/isolation-and-screening-of-proangiogenic-and-antiangiogenic-metabolites-producing-rare-actinobacteria-from-soil
#12
Y Azarakhsh, F Mohammadipanah, S M Nassiri, V Siavashi, J Hamedi
AIMS: Angiogenesis is a physiological process that has important impacts on the pathology and healing of various diseases, and its induction or inhibition by bioactive actinobacterial metabolites can help the treatment of some diseases. In this study, the effects of actinobacterial extract in the process of angiogenesis have been explored. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this research, proangiogenic and antiangiogenic metabolites producing actinobacteria were isolated from soil samples and their fermentation broth were extracted and after evaluation of their toxicity by MTT assay, antiangiogenic and proangiogenic activities were screened against human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) by in vitro tube formation and migration assay...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358802/knowledge-practices-and-perceptions-of-geo-helminthes-infection-among-parents-of-pre-school-age-children-of-coastal-region-kenya
#13
Janet Masaku, Faith Mwende, Gladys Odhiambo, Rosemary Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Jimmy H Kihara, Isaac G Thuita, Doris W Njomo
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminthes (STHs) are common human parasitic diseases in most of the developing world particularly in Kenya. The ongoing National School-Based Deworming Programme (NSBDP) was launched in 2012 and is currently targeting 28 of the 47 endemic Counties. In an effort to improve treatment intervention strategies among Pre-School Age Children (PSAC) attending Early Childhood Development Centres (ECDC), we sought to assess parents' knowledge, perceptions and practices on worm infection...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290311/a-possible-echinococcus-granulosus-calcified-cyst-found-in-a-medieval-adult-female-from-the-churchyard-of-santo-domingo-de-silos-pr%C3%A3-dena-del-rinc%C3%A3-n-madrid-spain
#14
Álvaro M Monge Calleja, Natasa Sarkic, Jesus Herrerín López, Wilson D T Antunes, Manuel F C Pereira, António Pedro Alves de Matos, Ana Luísa Santos
Calcification, or mineralisation, can occur as part of a natural process, or by pathological processes. The purpose of this work is to examine an unidentified semi-spherical and perforate hollow mass, found near the pelvis of an adult female, dated 12th-13th century AD, exhumed of the Church of Santo Domingo de Silos (Prádena del Ricón, Madrid, Spain). The mass was examined by SEM and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy. These procedures revealed a heterogeneous inner surface with both smooth and irregular areas...
March 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264626/quantitative-changes-in-the-protein-and-mirna-cargo-of-plasma-exosome-like-vesicles-after-exposure-to-ionizing-radiation
#15
Ramesh Yentrapalli, Juliane Merl-Pham, Omid Azimzadeh, Lisa Mutschelknaus, Carsten Peters, Stefanie M Hauck, Michael J Atkinson, Soile Tapio, Simone Moertl
PURPOSE: Multiple cell types secrete exosome-like extracellular vesicles (ELVs) to the extracellular environment. Pathological conditions can produce characteristic changes to the vesicle cargo. We investigated if ionizing radiation is capable of inducing changes in the protein and microRNA (miRNA) cargo of ELVs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Whole blood samples from healthy donors were irradiated with 2 Gy gamma rays and then peripheral blood mononuclear cells and plasma were separated from residual blood and co-cultivated for 24 h...
June 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258430/trimethylamine-removal-by-plant-capsule-of-sansevieria-kirkii-in-combination-with-bacillus-cereus-en1
#16
Chairat Treesubsuntorn, Phattara Boraphech, Paitip Thiravetyan
Trimethylamine (TMA) contamination produces a strong "fishy" odor and can cause pathological changes in humans. By screening native microorganisms from Sansevieria kirkii exposed to 100 ppm TMA, it was shown that endophytic bacteria number 1 (EN1) and number 2 (EN2) have a higher TMA tolerance and removal capacity than other bacteria species in a closed system. In addition, EN1 and EN2 demonstrated the ability to produce high quantities of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and use 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC), which is found normally in plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB)...
April 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255299/selenium-and-thyroid-disease-from-pathophysiology-to-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Mara Ventura, Miguel Melo, Francisco Carrilho
Introduction. Selenium is a micronutrient embedded in several proteins. In adults, the thyroid is the organ with the highest amount of selenium per gram of tissue. Selenium levels in the body depend on the characteristics of the population and its diet, geographic area, and soil composition. In the thyroid, selenium is required for the antioxidant function and for the metabolism of thyroid hormones. Methods. We performed a review of the literature on selenium's role in thyroid function using PubMed/MEDLINE...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180988/internal-exposure-to-neutron-activated-56-mn-dioxide-powder-in-wistar-rats-part%C3%A2-2-pathological-effects
#18
Kazuko Shichijo, Nariaki Fujimoto, Darkhan Uzbekov, Ynkar Kairkhanova, Aisulu Saimova, Nailya Chaizhunusova, Nurlan Sayakenov, Dariya Shabdarbaeva, Nurlan Aukenov, Almas Azimkhanov, Alexander Kolbayenkov, Zhanna Mussazhanova, Daisuke Niino, Masahiro Nakashima, Kassym Zhumadilov, Valeriy Stepanenko, Masao Tomonaga, Tolebay Rakhypbekov, Masaharu Hoshi
To fully understand the radiation effects of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki among the survivors, radiation from neutron-induced radioisotopes in soil and other materials should be considered in addition to the initial radiation directly received from the bombs. This might be important for evaluating the radiation risks to the people who moved to these cities soon after the detonations and probably inhaled activated radioactive "dust." Manganese-56 is known to be one of the dominant radioisotopes produced in soil by neutrons...
March 2017: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096866/disseminated-strongyloidiasis-in-an-iranian-immunocompromised-patient-a-case-report
#19
Narges Najafi, Eissa Soleymani, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Amirkeivan Marofi, Anahita Nosrati, Alireza Davoodi
Strongyloides stercoralis is a soil-transmitted helminth (STH) widespread in various part of the world. A 78-yr-old peasant diabetic female from Mazandaran Province northern Iran, was admitted to Infection Department of the Razi Hospital in city of Qaemshahr, north of Iran complaining about abdominal skin rash, pruritus, itching, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, dysuria and cough. This patient had cutaneous migration effects of S. stercoralis larvae in her abdominal skin (larva currents and urticaria). Lung CT without contrast demonstrate s bilateral diffuse ground glass opacity draws attention...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988287/endoscopic-multiple-biopsy-and-rapid-diagnosis-by-in-situ-fixation-and-histopathologic-processing
#20
David S Zimmon, Fred B Smith, Forrest Manheimer, Cathy Fan, Chantel Njiwaji, Sergei Aksenov, Premtesh Chattoo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic forceps biopsy and fixation are laborious and prolong the procedure and anesthesia. Multiple biopsy overcomes these shortcomings with a single endoscope pass that cuts, like a needle biopsy, up to 25 biopsy samples of uniform size and depth during endoscope withdrawal. Biopsy specimens are collected in acquisition order and stored in a perforated plastic storage chamber within the perforated metal tip. The tip is cut off, immersed in fixative, and sent to pathology...
December 15, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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