keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dual-Coding theory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744131/taking-patient-and-public-involvement-online-qualitative-evaluation-of-an-online-forum-for-palliative-care-and-rehabilitation-research
#1
Lisa Jane Brighton, Sophie Pask, Hamid Benalia, Sylvia Bailey, Marion Sumerfield, Jana Witt, Susanne de Wolf-Linder, Simon Noah Etkind, Fliss E M Murtagh, Jonathan Koffman, Catherine J Evans
Plain English summary: Patient and public involvement (PPI) is increasingly recognised as important in research. Most PPI takes place face-to-face, but this can be difficult for people who are unwell or have caring responsibilities. As these challenges are particularly common in palliative care and rehabilitation research, we developed an online forum for PPI: www.csipublicinvolvement.co.uk. In this study, we explored how well the online forum worked, if it is a suitable method for PPI, and how PPI members and researchers reacted to using it...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670151/an-information-theory-inspired-strategy-for-design-of-re-programmable-encrypted-graphene-based-coding-metasurfaces-at-terahertz-frequencies
#2
Ali Momeni, Kasra Rouhi, Hamid Rajabalipanah, Ali Abdolali
Inspired by the information theory, a new concept of re-programmable encrypted graphene-based coding metasurfaces was investigated at terahertz frequencies. A channel-coding function was proposed to convolutionally record an arbitrary information message onto unrecognizable but recoverable parity beams generated by a phase-encrypted coding metasurface. A single graphene-based reflective cell with dual-mode biasing voltages was designed to act as "0" and "1" meta-atoms, providing broadband opposite reflection phases...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497697/advancing-clinical-reasoning-in-virtual-patients-development-and-application-of-a-conceptual-framework
#3
Inga Hege, Andrzej A Kononowicz, Norman B Berman, Benedikt Lenzer, Jan Kiesewetter
Background: Clinical reasoning is a complex skill students have to acquire during their education. For educators it is difficult to explain their reasoning to students, because it is partly an automatic and unconscious process. Virtual Patients (VPs) are used to support the acquisition of clinical reasoning skills in healthcare education. However, until now it remains unclear which features or settings of VPs optimally foster clinical reasoning. Therefore, our aims were to identify key concepts of the clinical reasoning process in a qualitative approach and draw conclusions on how each concept can be enhanced to advance the learning of clinical reasoning with virtual patients...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195554/numerical-insight-into-the-dual-radiation-action-theory
#4
John J Tello, Sébastien Incerti, Ziad Francis, Hoang Tran, M A Bernal
This work studies the first and second order mechanisms for the induction of lethal lesions in DNA after irradiation with protons and α-particles. The purpose is to numerically study the mechanisms behind the Dual Radiation Action Theory (DRAT) for these heavy particles. A genetic material geometrical model with atomic resolution is used. It accounts for the explicit position of 5.47 × 109 base pairs, organized up to the chromatin level. The GEANT4-DNA Monte Carlo code was employed to simulate the interaction of these ions with the genetic material model...
November 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150000/towards-a-unitary-approach-to-human-action-control
#5
REVIEW
Bernhard Hommel, Reinout W Wiers
From its academic beginnings the theory of human action control has distinguished between endogenously driven, intentional action and exogenously driven, habitual, or automatic action. We challenge this dual-route model and argue that attempts to provide clear-cut and straightforward criteria to distinguish between intentional and automatic action have systematically failed. Specifically, we show that there is no evidence for intention-independent action, and that attempts to use the criterion of reward sensitivity and rationality to differentiate between intentional and automatic action are conceptually unsound...
December 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106407/highly-accurate-fluorogenic-dna-sequencing-with-information-theory-based-error-correction
#6
Zitian Chen, Wenxiong Zhou, Shuo Qiao, Li Kang, Haifeng Duan, X Sunney Xie, Yanyi Huang
Eliminating errors in next-generation DNA sequencing has proved challenging. Here we present error-correction code (ECC) sequencing, a method to greatly improve sequencing accuracy by combining fluorogenic sequencing-by-synthesis (SBS) with an information theory-based error-correction algorithm. ECC embeds redundancy in sequencing reads by creating three orthogonal degenerate sequences, generated by alternate dual-base reactions. This is similar to encoding and decoding strategies that have proved effective in detecting and correcting errors in information communication and storage...
December 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090370/expectation-information-processing-and-subjective-duration
#7
Rhimmon Simchy-Gross, Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis
In research on psychological time, it is important to examine the subjective duration of entire stimulus sequences, such as those produced by music (Teki, Frontiers in Neuroscience, 10, 2016). Yet research on the temporal oddball illusion (according to which oddball stimuli seem longer than standard stimuli of the same duration) has examined only the subjective duration of single events contained within sequences, not the subjective duration of sequences themselves. Does the finding that oddballs seem longer than standards translate to entire sequences, such that entire sequences that contain oddballs seem longer than those that do not? Is this potential translation influenced by the mode of information processing-whether people are engaged in direct or indirect temporal processing? Two experiments aimed to answer both questions using different manipulations of information processing...
January 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022102/as-if-the-disease-was-not-enough-coping-with-the-financial-consequences-of-cancer
#8
Barbara Head, Lesley Harris, Karen Kayser, Amy Martin, Lisa Smith
PURPOSE: The goal of this research was to understand how cancer survivors cope with the financial consequences of their disease. METHODS: Twenty-six cancer survivors who self-identified as having experienced financial hardship related to their disease were interviewed. Transcripts of these interviews were analyzed using constructivist grounded theory approach. An analysis of codes related to coping strategies was conducted, and findings were stratified based on established coping theories (Lazarus and Folkman and Moos and Holahan) previously applied to coping with serious/chronic illnesses...
March 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797176/living-with-chronic-headache-a-qualitative-study-exploring-goal-management-in-chronic-headache
#9
Yvette Ciere, Annemieke Visser, Bram Jacobs, Marielle Padberg, John Lebbink, Robbert Sanderman, Joke Fleer
OBJECTIVES: Effective goal management may potentially prevent or reduce disability in chronic pain. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the nature of goal management in the context of chronic headache (CH). METHODS: Interviews with 20 patients were conducted, coded, and analyzed using a combined data-driven and theory-driven approach. The dual process model (DPM) was used as a theoretical framework for this study. RESULTS: Participants used a combination of strategies to regain and maintain a balance between personal goals and resources available for goal pursuit...
August 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726462/allan-urho-paivio-1925-2016
#10
Albert Katz
Presents an obituary for Allan Urho Paivio, who passed away on June 19, 2016. One of his many accomplishments was the development of a dual-coding theory. Dual-coding theory, while very influential, has, unfortunately, been discussed all too often as a theory of mental imagery, and not within its larger context wherein mental imagery and verbal processes are separable but interconnected representational systems, an academic battle in clarification that Paivio waged much of his life. He published prodigiously, even in the decades after retirement...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669507/motivating-factors-for-dual-method-contraceptive-use-among-adolescents-and-young-women-a-qualitative-investigation
#11
Julie Lemoine, Stephanie B Teal, Marissa Peters, Maryam Guiahi
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study explores how adolescents and young women perceive the need for and describe the use of dual method contraception. STUDY DESIGN: We interviewed 20 sexually active women aged 16-24 who attended an adolescent-focused Title X family-planning clinic and were using a non-barrier contraceptive method. We used a semi-structured interview guide that included domains related to sexual activity, knowledge of and use of contraceptives and condoms, and relationship factors...
June 29, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634436/dual-coding-theory-explains-biphasic-collective-computation-in-neural-decision-making
#12
Bryan C Daniels, Jessica C Flack, David C Krakauer
A central question in cognitive neuroscience is how unitary, coherent decisions at the whole organism level can arise from the distributed behavior of a large population of neurons with only partially overlapping information. We address this issue by studying neural spiking behavior recorded from a multielectrode array with 169 channels during a visual motion direction discrimination task. It is well known that in this task there are two distinct phases in neural spiking behavior. Here we show Phase I is a distributed or incompressible phase in which uncertainty about the decision is substantially reduced by pooling information from many cells...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531219/pyldm-an-open-source-package-for-lifetime-density-analysis-of-time-resolved-spectroscopic-data
#13
Gabriel F Dorlhiac, Clyde Fare, Jasper J van Thor
Ultrafast spectroscopy offers temporal resolution for probing processes in the femto- and picosecond regimes. This has allowed for investigation of energy and charge transfer in numerous photoactive compounds and complexes. However, analysis of the resultant data can be complicated, particularly in more complex biological systems, such as photosystems. Historically, the dual approach of global analysis and target modelling has been used to elucidate kinetic descriptions of the system, and the identity of transient species respectively...
May 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300787/the-impact-of-satellite-time-group-delay-and-inter-frequency-differential-code-bias-corrections-on-multi-gnss-combined-positioning
#14
Yulong Ge, Feng Zhou, Baoqi Sun, Shengli Wang, Bo Shi
We present quad-constellation (namely, GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou and Galileo) time group delay (TGD) and differential code bias (DCB) correction models to fully exploit the code observations of all the four global navigation satellite systems (GNSSs) for navigation and positioning. The relationship between TGDs and DCBs for multi-GNSS is clearly figured out, and the equivalence of TGD and DCB correction models combining theory with practice is demonstrated. Meanwhile, the TGD/DCB correction models have been extended to various standard point positioning (SPP) and precise point positioning (PPP) scenarios in a multi-GNSS and multi-frequency context...
March 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113743/adaptive-nonlocal-sparse-representation-for-dual-camera-compressive-hyperspectral-imaging
#15
Lizhi Wang, Zhiwei Xiong, Guangming Shi, Feng Wu, Wenjun Zeng
Leveraging the compressive sensing (CS) theory, coded aperture snapshot spectral imaging (CASSI) provides an efficient solution to recover 3D hyperspectral data from a 2D measurement. The dual-camera design of CASSI, by adding an uncoded panchromatic measurement, enhances the reconstruction fidelity while maintaining the snapshot advantage. In this paper, we propose an adaptive nonlocal sparse representation (ANSR) model to boost the performance of dualcamera compressive hyperspectral imaging (DCCHI). Specifically, the CS reconstruction problem is formulated as a 3D cube based sparse representation to make full use of the nonlocal similarity in both the spatial and spectral domains...
October 25, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076261/-how-can-we-talk-about-patient-centered-care-without-patients-at-the-table-lessons-learned-from-patient-advisory-councils
#16
Anjana E Sharma, Rachel Willard-Grace, Andrew Willis, Olivia Zieve, Kate Dubé, Charla Parker, Michael B Potter
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Patient advisory councils (PACs) are a strategy for primary care clinics to engage patients in practice improvement. However, there is scant research on how PACs function. This study aimed to understand how PACs are organized and identify common challenges and perceived benefits of high-functioning PACs. SETTING AND POPULATION: Key informants identified 8 primary care clinics in California with high-functioning PACs. Leaders from each of the 8 clinics nominated 1 clinic staff member and 1 PAC patient member to be interviewed...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329672/recovering-from-disaster-comparing-the-experiences-of-nurses-and-general-practitioners-after-the-canterbury-new-zealand-earthquake-sequence-2010-2011
#17
Sarbjit Singh Johal, Zoe Rachel Mounsey
This paper summarizes, elaborates upon, and contrasts the findings of two research projects that explored how general practitioners and nurses coped with the dual challenge of personal and work demands following the earthquakes in Canterbury, New Zealand, in 2010 and 2011. Qualitative data from two separate studies - the first with general practitioners and the second with nurses - are compared to identify the challenges faced during and following the earthquakes. Semi-structured interviews took place with eight general practitioners two years after the start of the earthquake sequence and 11 nurses a year later to enable exploration of the longer-term aspects of the recovery process...
March 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26549627/paradox-of-pattern-separation-and-adult-neurogenesis-a-dual-role-for-new-neurons-balancing-memory-resolution-and-robustness
#18
REVIEW
Stephen T Johnston, Matthew Shtrahman, Sarah Parylak, J Tiago Gonçalves, Fred H Gage
Hippocampal adult neurogenesis is thought to subserve pattern separation, the process by which similar patterns of neuronal inputs are transformed into distinct neuronal representations, permitting the discrimination of highly similar stimuli in hippocampus-dependent tasks. However, the mechanism by which immature adult-born dentate granule neurons cells (abDGCs) perform this function remains unknown. Two theories of abDGC function, one by which abDGCs modulate and sparsify activity in the dentate gyrus and one by which abDGCs act as autonomous coding units, are generally suggested to be mutually exclusive...
March 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26443599/delay-and-death-thought-accessibility-a-meta-analysis
#19
Christopher T Steinman, John A Updegraff
The dual-process component of Terror Management Theory (TMT) proposes that different types of threats lead to increases in death-thought accessibility (DTA) after different delay intervals. Experimental studies of terror management threats' effect on DTA were collected and coded for their use of explicitly death-related (vs. not explicitly death-related) threats, and for their use of delay and task-switching during the delay. Results reveal that studies using death-related threats achieved larger DTA effect-sizes when they included more task-switching or a longer delay between the threat and the DTA measurement...
December 2015: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26379562/acquisition-of-chinese-characters-the-effects-of-character-properties-and-individual-differences-among-second-language-learners
#20
Li-Jen Kuo, Tae-Jin Kim, Xinyuan Yang, Huiwen Li, Yan Liu, Haixia Wang, Jeong Hyun Park, Ying Li
In light of the dramatic growth of Chinese learners worldwide and a need for cross-linguistic research on Chinese literacy development, this study drew upon theories of visual complexity effect (Su and Samuels, 2010) and dual-coding processing (Sadoski and Paivio, 2013) and investigated (a) the effects of character properties (i.e., visual complexity and radical presence) on character acquisition and (b) the relationship between individual learner differences in radical awareness and character acquisition. Participants included adolescent English-speaking beginning learners of Chinese in the U...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
118908
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"