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Tensor fascia lata

Teresa E Flaxman, Tine Alkjær, Erik B Simonsen, Michael R Krogsgaard, Daniel L Benoit
INTRODUCTION: Knee muscles are commonly labelled as flexors or extensors and aptly stabilize the knee against sagittal plane loads. However, how these muscles stabilize the knee against adduction-abduction and rotational loads remains unclear. Our study sought to: (1) classify muscle roles as they relate to joint stability by quantifying the relationship between individual muscle activation patterns and internal net joint moments in all three loading planes, and (2) determine if these roles change with increasing force levels...
October 14, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Alexander Feng, Ilya Igolnikov, Cora H Brown, Michael M Weinik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Juan Miguel Rodríguez-Roiz, Guillem Bori, Xavier Tomas, Jenaro A Fernández-Valencia, Ana Isabel García-Díez, Jaume Pomés, Sebastián Garcia
INTRODUCTION: Hypertrophy of the tensor fascia lata muscle (HTFLM) is a rare complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and is a potential source of pain, palpable mass, or both. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 1285 primary THAs and 482 THA revisions (THAR) performed at our center from 2008 to 2014. Among these, five patients had HTFLM (average age 68.8 years). The type of surgery and symptoms were evaluated, as were imaging studies (CT or MRI) of both hips (10 hips), and functional outcomes with the Merle d'Aubigné score...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Sivan Navot, Leonid Kalichman
Pelvic floor muscle assessment in situations of hip/groin pain in both male and female patients can be a key element in treatment success. We present herein, a 32 year old male professional cyclist, exhibiting right hip and groin pain during cycling and prolonged sitting. The pain commenced after the patient suffered a right hip severe contusion in 2013 causing a tear in the tensor fascia lata and gluteus medius muscle. The patient did not complain of pelvic floor dysfunctions. After receiving several series of conventional physical therapy for the hip/groin pain, the patient experienced partial pain relief and slight improvement of hip range of motion...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Renan Lima Monteiro, Joana Hoverter Facchini, Diego Galace de Freitas, Bianca Callegaric, Sílvia Maria Amado João
Pelvic drop exercises are often used to strengthen the gluteus medius muscle with the aim of increasing or prioritizing its recruitment. However, the effect of hip rotation on the performance of the action of the gluteus medius is unknown. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of hip rotation on the recruitment of the gluteus medius muscle, tensor fasciae latae and quadratus lumborum. Seventeen healthy subjects performed two sets of four repetitions of pelvic drop exercise in random order with lateral (PDLR), medial (PDMR) and neutral (PDN) rotation of the hip...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
S Ivanov, E Kovachev, B Bechev, N Kolev, V Ivanova
UNLABELLED: The aim of our research work was to show our results in the field of reconstructive and cosmetic surgery for vulvar cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated 18 patients for 10 years period. RESULTS: We applied all surgical techniques that are possible at the moment in the world: laps from mons pubis, rhomboid flaps, myocutaneous flaps from gluteal region. We used surgical techniques with the following muscle groups: musculus gracilis, musculus gluteus maximus, musculus tensor fasciae latae, musculus rectus abdominis...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
D F Amanatullah, M A Masini, D J Roger, M W Pagnano
AIMS: We wished to quantify the extent of soft-tissue damage sustained during minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty through the direct anterior (DA) and direct superior (DS) approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In eight cadavers, the DA approach was performed on one side, and the DS approach on the other, a single brand of uncemented hip prosthesis was implanted by two surgeons, considered expert in their surgical approaches. Subsequent reflection of the gluteus maximus allowed the extent of muscle and tendon damage to be measured and the percentage damage to each anatomical structure to be calculated...
August 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
R V Volski, G J Bourguignon, H M Rodriguez
In brief: Rifle and pistol shooters often experience low back pain during or after competition. As a first step in determining the extent and possible causes of such pain, a questionnaire and a rapid screening test for posture and flexibility were designed and administered to 80 shooters. It was found that 78% of the shooters had experienced back pain during competition and 63% had experienced pain afterward. Of the 11 posture and flexibility tests, only the results of Ober's test for tightness of the iliotibial band and tensor fascia lata muscle correlated significantly with reported back pain...
January 1986: Physician and Sportsmedicine
M Lefèvre, B Sarfati, J-F Honart, H Alkashnam, F Rimareix, N Leymarie, F Kolb
The musculocutaneous tensor fascia latae flap was one of the first free flaps described. It is possible to harvest a flap with the same skin paddle, vascularized by a septo-cutaneous perforator running through the tensor fascia lata muscle septum and coming from the ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery. The DIEP is currently the workhorse of autologous breast reconstruction, but there are some contraindications. The septo-cutaneous tensor fascia latae perforator flap may be an alternative for women with lateral upper thigh lipodystrophy...
June 27, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Sota Nakano, Chikamune Wada
[Purpose] This study investigated whether hip adductor activity was influenced by electrical stimulation of the tensor fascia lata muscle. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 16 nondisabled males. Each subject was asked to adduct the hip joint with maximum effort. The electromyogram of the adductor longus was recorded under two experimental conditions, with and without electrical stimulation of the tensor fascia lata. [Results] In the presence of electrical stimulation, muscle activity decreased to 72...
May 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Pedro Vieira Sarmet Moreira, Márcio Fagundes Goethel, Mauro Gonçalves
With the aim of comparing kinematic and neuromuscular parameters of Bandal Chagui kicks between 7 elite and 7 subelite taekwondo athletes, nine Bandal Chaguis were performed at maximal effort in a selective reaction time design, simulating the frequency of kicks observed in taekwondo competitions. Linear and angular leg velocities were recorded through 3D motion capture system. Ground reaction forces (GRF) were evaluated by a force platform, and surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals were evaluated in the vastus lateralis, biceps femoris, rectus femoris, tensor fasciae lata, adductor magnus, gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and gastrocnemius lateralis muscles of the kicking leg...
October 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
J A Noel, R M Broxterman, G M McCoy, J C Craig, K J Phelps, D D Burnett, M A Vaughn, T J Barstow, T G O'Quinn, J C Woodworth, J M DeRouchey, T G Rozell, J M Gonzalez
The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of dietary ractopamine HCl (RAC) on muscle fiber characteristics and electromyography (EMG) measures of finishing barrow exhaustion when barrows were subjected to increased levels of activity. Barrows ( = 34; 92 ± 2 kg initial BW) were assigned to 1 of 2 treatments: a conventional swine finishing diet containing 0 mg/kg ractopamine HCl (CON) or a diet formulated to meet the requirements of finishing barrows fed 10 mg/kg RAC (RAC+). After 32 d on feed, barrows were individually moved around a track at 0...
June 2016: Journal of Animal Science
Dominic Henn, Andreas Nissen, Nathan Menon, Gordon K Lee
Restoration of adequate oral competence is especially challenging in double free flap reconstructions of massive head and neck defects resulting from composite resections. Our report illustrates that oral competence in double free flap reconstructions of extensive oromandibular defects can be successfully restored with tensor fascia lata suspension slings.
2015: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
Panagiotis Givissis, Nikolaos Platon Sachinis, Panagiotis Akritopoulos, Stavros I Stavridis, Anastasios Christodoulou
PURPOSE: Arthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb is common, and there are many studies regarding its treatment. We investigated the long-term outcome of interposition arthroplasty with a fascia lata allograft (pillow technique), without ligament reconstruction, to treat thumb carpometacarpal arthritis. The technique consisted of complete trapeziectomy, use of alloplastic tensor fascia lata, and K-wire immobilization for 5 weeks. METHODS: The outcomes of 31 thumbs in 24 female patients were measured at a mean follow-up of 12...
July 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Miroslav Vastik, Pavel Hok, Petr Hlustik, Pavel Otruba, Zbyněk Tüdös, Petr Kanovsky
BACKGROUND: Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common disabling symptom of (in) Parkinson's disease (PD). The mechanism of FOG is (in) not clearly understood. We investigated the clinical effect and changes of the activity of the sensorimotor system using repeated functional MRI (fMRI) before and after application of botulinum toxin in Parkinson's disease patients with FOG. METHODS: We investigated 20 patients with PD, 10 with FOG and 10 without FOG. PD patients with FOG were treated with intramuscular application of botulinum toxin type A into the tensor fasciae latae muscle bilaterally...
2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
A Zacharias, T Pizzari, D J English, T Kapakoulakis, R A Green
OBJECTIVE: Hip abductor muscle strength and function is negatively impacted by the presence of hip osteoarthritis (OA). This study aimed to quantify differences in hip abductor muscle volume, fatty infiltration and strength in a unilateral hip OA population when compared to a control group. Impact of radiographic severity of OA on these variables was also examined. METHODS: Volumes of gluteus maximus (GMax), medius (GMed) minimus (GMin) and tensor fascia lata (TFL) was measured using MRI and muscle volume asymmetry between limbs was calculated...
October 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Gaurav Garg, Som P Gupta
BACKGROUND: Presentation of proximal radioulnar synostosis varies from cosmetic concerns with no functional limitations to significant pronation deformity which hampers activities of daily living. Surgical management must be considered based on the position of the forearm and functional limitations. We describe the surgical technique, results, and complications of excision of the radial head along with the proximal radius up to the distal extent of the synostosis site and securing the osteotomized radial shaft with a tensor fascia lata graft...
2015: SICOT-J
Tomoki Nakamura, Akihiko Matsumine, Kunihiro Asanuma, Takao Matsubara, Akihiro Sudo
PURPOSE: The proximal femur is one of the most common locations for benign bone tumors and tumor like conditions. We describe the clinical outcomes of the surgical treatment of benign lesions of the proximal femur including femoral neck using compression hip screw and synthetic bone graft. METHODS: Thirteen patients with benign bone tumors or tumor like conditions of the proximal femur including femoral neck were surgically treated. Their average age at the time of presentation was 35 years and the average follow-up time was 76 months...
2015: SICOT-J
Chrisovalantis Lakhiani, Michael V DeFazio, Kevin Han, Reuben Falola, Karen Evans
Background Donor-site morbidity significantly influences patient satisfaction and quality of life following reconstructive surgery. The relevant donor-site morbidities associated with more commonly utilized thigh-based flaps are reviewed. Methods A systematic search of the MEDLINE and Cochrane databases from 1994 to 2014 was conducted to identify all reports of "anterolateral thigh (ALT)," "vastus lateralis (VL)," "anteromedial thigh (AMT)," "transverse upper gracilis (TUG)," tensor fascia latae (TFL)," "gracilis," and "rectus femoris (RF)," flaps...
June 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
N Harrasser, I Banke, H Gollwitzer, F Wilken, A Toepfer, R von Eisenhart-Rothe, M Hauschild
INTRODUCTION: Gluteal insufficiency is a common and challenging complaint. New concepts in pathobiomechanics and improved clinical understanding of chronic gluteal dysfunction have unmasked gluteus medius (GMed) tears as an underlying cause of enhanced trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS). These tears are often missed or misdiagnosed as bursitis, but lead to prolonged chronic peritrochanteric pain. Clinic: The clinical signs are often dull pain on the lateral hip aspect, reduced hip abduction strength with positive Trendelenburg testing and a tendency for the leg to external rotation, as the internal rotation strength is reduced...
April 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
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