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Sir spheres

Amanda R Townsend, Li Chia Chong, Christos Karapetis, Timothy J Price
Liver metastases are often the dominant site of metastatic disease in colorectal cancer. Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) involves embolising radiolabeled spheres (SIR-Spheres) into the arterial supply of the liver. This review assesses the effectiveness and toxicity of SIRT in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer liver metastasis when given alone or with systemic or regional hepatic artery chemotherapy. We reviewed only randomised controlled trials comparing SIRT and chemotherapy (systemic and/or regional) with chemotherapy alone, or comparing SIRT alone with best supportive care...
September 10, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Edward Wolfgang Lee, Lourdes Alanis, Sung-Ki Cho, Sammy Saab
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common primary liver cancer and it represents the majority of cancer-related deaths in the world. More than 70% of patients present at an advanced stage, beyond potentially curative options. Ytrrium-90 selective internal radiation therapy (Y90-SIRT) with glass microspheres is rapidly gaining acceptance as a potential therapy for intermediate and advanced stage primary hepatocellular carcinoma and liver metastases. The technique involves delivery of Y90 infused glass microspheres via the hepatic arterial blood flow to the appropriate tumor...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
Jian-Xiong Zhang, Duan-Bing Chen, Qiang Dong, Zhi-Dan Zhao
Identifying a set of influential spreaders in complex networks plays a crucial role in effective information spreading. A simple strategy is to choose top-r ranked nodes as spreaders according to influence ranking method such as PageRank, ClusterRank and k-shell decomposition. Besides, some heuristic methods such as hill-climbing, SPIN, degree discount and independent set based are also proposed. However, these approaches suffer from a possibility that some spreaders are so close together that they overlap sphere of influence or time consuming...
2016: Scientific Reports
Vankadari Kousik, Pankaj Promila, Ritu Verma, Arun Gupta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer and third leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. The management of unresectable HCC and hepatic metastases from various solid tumors is a clinical dilemma. There is paucity of data on the treatment of unresectable HCC and hepatic metastases with yttrium-90 (90Y) radioembolization. METHODS: Thirty patients (mean age; 55.2 years; range 43-82 years) comprising 21 patients with HCC (12 patients have cirrhosis of which 3 patients belong to Child-Pugh class A and 9 patients belong to Child-Pugh class B), 7 patients with metastasis from colorectal cancer, 1 patient with metastasis from melanoma, and 1 patient with metastasis from ovarian carcinoma underwent resin-based 90Y radioembolization between 2013 and 2015 in our study...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Kelly Cooper Younge, Choonik Lee, Jean M Moran, Mary Feng, Paula Novelli, Joann I Prisciandaro
PURPOSE: We performed a failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) during the addition of a new microspheres product into our existing microsphere brachytherapy program to identify areas for safety improvements. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A diverse group of team members from the microsphere program participated in the project to create a process map, identify and score failure modes, and discuss programmatic changes to address the highest ranking items. We developed custom severity ranking scales for staff- and institution-related failure modes to encompass possible risks that may exist outside of patient-based effects...
March 16, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
Kelley M Ferreira, Andrew J Fenwick, Arzu Arinc, Lena C Johansson
The use of (90)Y resin microspheres (SIR-Spheres® microspheres) in Nuclear Medicine has dramatically increased in recent years due to its favourable outcome in the treatment of liver cancer and liver metastases (Rajekar et al., 2011). The measurement of administered activity before and residual activity after treatment in radionuclide calibrators is required to determine total activity delivered to the patient. In comparison with External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT) where administered doses are often know to within ±5%, the actual administered activity in nuclear medicine procedures may only be known to within ±20% and subsequent dose calculations can result in even larger uncertainties (Fenwick et al...
March 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Andrew S Kennedy, David S Ball, Steven J Cohen, Michael Cohn, Douglas M Coldwell, Alain Drooz, Eduardo Ehrenwald, Samir Kanani, Charles W Nutting, Fred M Moeslein, Samuel G Putnam, Steven C Rose, Michael A Savin, Sabine Schirm, Navesh K Sharma, Eric A Wang
BACKGROUND: To assess response and the impact of imaging artifacts following radioembolization with yttrium-90-labeled resin microspheres ((90)Y-RE) based on the findings from a central independent review of patients with liver-dominant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). METHODS: Patients with mCRC who received (90)Y-RE (SIR-Spheres(®); Sirtex Medical, Sydney, Australia) at nine US institutions between July 2002 and December 2011 were included in the analysis...
December 2015: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
C Thiam, C Bobin, V Lourenço, V Chisté, M-N Amiot, X Mougeot, D Lacour, F Rigoulay, L Ferreux
The present paper addresses the calibration of well-type ionization chambers (ICs) used at LNE-LNHB as standard transfer instruments to calibrate hospitals in the case of SIR-Spheres(®)(90)Y resin microspheres (Sirtex, Australia). Developed for interventional oncology, this radiopharmaceutical is directly injected in the liver for cancer treatment via a selective internal radiation therapy. The present work was carried out in the framework of the European project "Metrology for molecular radiotherapy" (MetroMRT)...
March 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Peter Gibbs, Cuong Do, Lara Lipton, David N Cade, Michael J Tapner, David Price, Geoff D Bower, Richard Dowling, Meir Lichtenstein, Guy A van Hazel
BACKGROUND: This prospective, open-label phase II study assessed the impact of liver-directed therapy with selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) and systemic chemotherapy on progression-free survival (PFS) in liver-dominant metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Patients received yttrium-90-labelled ((90)Y) resin microspheres (SIR-Spheres; Sirtex Medical Limited, Sydney, Australia) as a single procedure on day 2 of the first weekly cycle of 5-fluorouracil (5FU; 600 mg/m(2)) with the option to switch to gemcitabine (1000 mg/m(2)) after 8 weeks of 5FU...
2015: BMC Cancer
Munveer Singh Bhangoo, Diraj R Karnani, Paul N Hein, Huan Giap, Harry Knowles, Chris Issa, Steve Steuterman, Paul Pockros, Catherine Frenette
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is aggressive primary malignancy of the liver that most commonly presents late in the disease course. As a result, the majority of patients are not candidates for curative therapies. Locoregional therapies including Yttrium-90 (Y-90) radioembolization play an important role in management of the vast majority of patients with HCC. METHODS: Patients with unnresectable HCC (n=17) treated with Y-90 radioembolization from 2005 to 2014 were evaluated retrospectively...
October 2015: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Neil MacGillivray
This article reviews the life and work of Sir William O'Shaughnessy Brooke (formerly Sir William Brooke O'Shaughnessy), an Edinburgh doctor of medicine and Fellow of the Royal Society who as a young doctor in London analysed the blood and excreta of cholera victims, an action which led to the first successful use of intravenous replacement therapy. His career in India was distinguished in several spheres: chemistry, pharmacology in which he introduced cannabis indica to Europe, and in the field of electric telegraphy where he became the superintendent of telegraphs for India...
September 18, 2015: Journal of Medical Biography
Thomas Carlier, Kathy P Willowson, Eugene Fourkal, Dale L Bailey, Mohan Doss, Maurizio Conti
PURPOSE: (90)Y -positron emission tomography (PET) imaging is becoming a recognized modality for postinfusion quantitative assessment following radioembolization therapy. However, the extremely low counts and high random fraction associated with (90)Y -PET may significantly impair both qualitative and quantitative results. The aim of this work was to study image quality and noise level in relation to the quantification and bias performance of two types of Siemens PET scanners when imaging (90)Y and to compare experimental results with clinical data from two types of commercially available (90)Y microspheres...
July 2015: Medical Physics
B Pennington, R Akehurst, H Wasan, B Sangro, A S Kennedy, K Sennfält, L Bester
OBJECTIVE: Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) using SIR-Spheres(®) (90)Y-labeled resin microspheres has been shown to be a well-tolerated, effective treatment in patients with inoperable liver-dominant chemotherapy-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). This study estimated the cost-effectiveness of (90)Y-resin microspheres compared to best supportive care (BSC) from a UK perspective. METHODS: Survival data from a comparative retrospective cohort study was analyzed and used in a state-transition cost-effectiveness model, using quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained as the measure of effectiveness...
2015: Journal of Medical Economics
Yì-Xiáng J Wáng, Thierry De Baere, Jean-Marc Idée, Sébastien Ballet
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a form of intra-arterial catheter-based chemotherapy that selectively delivers high doses of cytotoxic drug to the tumor bed combining with the effect of ischemic necrosis induced by arterial embolization. Chemoembolization and radioembolization are at the core of the treatment of liver hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients who cannot receive potentially curative therapies such as transplantation, resection or percutaneous ablation. TACE for liver cancer has been proven to be useful in local tumor control, to prevent tumor progression, prolong patients' life and control patient symptoms...
April 2015: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
V Lourenço, C Bobin, V Chisté, D Lacour, F Rigoulay, M Tapner, C Thiam, L Ferreux
The project "Metrology for molecular radiotherapy" is a collaborative European project initiated to bring together expertize in ionizing radiation metrology and nuclear medicine research. This project deals with the development of personalized dosimetry to individual patients who are undergoing molecular radiotherapy (also known as targeted radionuclide therapy). The general aim is to provide a metrological traceability to primary standards for individual dosimetry in the case of molecular radiotherapy. In particular, one objective is the standardization of (90)Y-labeled resin microspheres SIR-Spheres (Sirtex, Sydney, Australia) used for the treatment of liver cancer by radioembolization...
March 2015: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Serkan Demirelli, Metin Erkilic, Ali Ozan Oner, Evrim Surer Budak, Seyda Gunduz, Ozhan Ozgur, Hakan Bozcuk, Hakki Timur Sindel, Adil Boz
OBJECTIVE: Radioembolization with the yttrium-90 (Y-90) microspheres is being used increasingly more often in the treatment of patients with primary or metastatic liver cancer. Although technetium-99m macroaggregated albumin (Tc-99m MAA) scintigraphy performed following diagnostic angiography has an important role in predicting the effectiveness of treatment and in dose estimation, the number of studies using quantitative assessment of Tc-99m MAA scintigraphy is limited in this field...
April 2015: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Valérie Vilgrain, Mohamed Abdel-Rehim, Annie Sibert, Maxime Ronot, Rachida Lebtahi, Laurent Castéra, Gilles Chatellier
BACKGROUND: Untreated advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is linked to poor prognosis. While sorafenib is the current recommended treatment for advanced HCC, radioembolisation (RE; also called selective internal radiation therapy or SIRT) with yttrium-90 microspheres has shown efficacy in cohort studies. However, there are no head-to-head trials comparing radiation therapy with yttrium-90 microspheres and sorafenib in advanced HCC. The SARAH trial has been designed to compare the efficacy and safety of sorafenib therapy and RE using yttrium-90 resin microspheres (SIR-Spheres™; Sirtex Medical Limited, North Sydney, Australia) in patients with advanced HCC...
2014: Trials
John Metyko, William Erwin, John Poston, Sandra Jimenez
Three different 90Y internally administered radionuclide therapies are currently used in both standard-of-care and clinical trial procedures atMD Anderson Cancer Center. TheraSphere and SIR-Spheres therapies utilize 90Y-labeled microspheres, while Zevalin is an 90Y-labeled radioimmunotherapeutic agent. Several publications have indicated radionuclidic impurities resulting from 90Y production methods. The 90Y in SIR-Spheres and Zevalin are produced from a 90Sr/90Y generator, which leaves measurable quantities of 90Sr in the final product...
November 2014: Health Physics
Josep M Martí-Climent, Elena Prieto, César Elosúa, Macarena Rodríguez-Fraile, Inés Domínguez-Prado, Carmen Vigil, María J García-Velloso, Javier Arbizu, Iván Peñuelas, José A Richter
PURPOSE: 90Y-microspheres are widely used for the radioembolization of metastatic liver cancer or hepatocellular carcinoma and there is a growing interest for imaging 90Y-microspheres with PET. The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of a current generation PET/CT scanner for 90Y imaging and to optimize the PET protocol to improve the assessment and the quantification of 90Y-microsphere biodistribution after radioembolization. METHODS: Data were acquired on a Biograph mCT-TrueV scanner with time of flight (TOF) and point spread function (PSF) modeling...
September 2014: Medical Physics
Yung Hsiang Kao, Butch M Magsombol, Ying Toh, Kiang Hiong Tay, Pierce Kh Chow, Anthony Sw Goh, David Ce Ng
BACKGROUND: For yttrium-90 ((90)Y) radioembolization, the common practice of assuming a standard 1,000-g lung mass for predictive dosimetry is fundamentally incongruent with the modern philosophy of personalized medicine. We recently developed a technique of personalized predictive lung dosimetry using technetium-99m ((99m)Tc) macroaggregated albumin (MAA) single photon emission computed tomography with integrated CT (SPECT/CT) of the lung as part of our routine dosimetric protocol for (90)Y radioembolization...
2014: EJNMMI Research
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