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lucilia sericata

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917052/the-blowflies-of-the-madeira-archipelago-species-diversity-distribution-and-identification-diptera-calliphoridaes-l
#1
Catarina Prado E Castro, Krzysztof Szpila, Anabel Martínez-Sánchez, Rego, Isamberto Silva, Artur R M Serrano, Mário Boieiro
Knowledge on the taxonomic diversity and distribution of blowflies from the Madeira Archipelago is updated. New and interesting findings are reported for poorly studied islands and islets of this archipelago, together with a brief analysis of the diversity of Macaronesian Calliphoridae s. l. Seven blowfly species were collected during this study, including the first records of Calliphora vicina Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann, 1819), Lucilia sericata (Meigen, 1826), Pollenia rudis (Fabricius, 1794) and Stomorhina lunata (Fabricius, 1805) from Porto Santo, and of Calliphora vicina, Lucilia sericata and Stomorhina lunata from Desertas Islands...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876970/larvicidal-activity-of-camphor-and-lavender-oils-against-sheep-blowfly-luciliasericata-diptera-calliphoridae
#2
Hatem A Shalaby, Rabab M El Khateeb, Amira H El Namaky, Heba M Ashry, Omnia M Kandil, Sanaa K A Abou El Dobal
In this study, the essential oils of camphor and lavender were tested in vitro against the third instar larvae of Lucilia sericata for the first time, following dipping toxicity technique. The toxicity results revealed that L. sericata larvae were susceptible to the applied essential oils. Lavender oil was more effective than camphor in killing of L. sericata larvae. With 32 % concentration, the mortality percentages of larvae were 100 and 93.3 %, respectively. Light and scanning electron microscopic examinations were done to determine the cuticular changes of L...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868332/the-transcriptional-responses-of-cultured-wound-cells-to-the-excretions-and-secretions-of-medicinal-lucilia-sericata-larvae
#3
Priscila Dauros Singorenko, Roseanne Rosario, John A Windsor, Anthony R Phillips, Cherie Blenkiron
Maggots, through their excretions and secretions (ES), promote wound healing by removing necrotic tissue, counter bacterial infection, and activate wound associated cells. We investigated the effects of a physiological dose of maggot ES on four wound-associated cell types in vitro with Affymetrix gene expression arrays; keratinocytes, endothelial cells, fibroblasts and monocytes. Keratinocytes showed the fewest (n=5; p<0.05, fold-change ±2) and smallest fold-changes (up to 2.32x) in gene expression and conversely THP1 monocytes had the most (n=233) and greatest magnitude (up to 44...
November 21, 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861898/a-preliminary-study-of-insect-succession-in-al-ahsaa-oasis-in-the-eastern-region-of-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#4
Essam A Shaalan, Zeinab A El-Moaty, Salaheldin Abdelsalam, Gail S Anderson
Rabbit carcass decomposition was examined in four seasons in Al-Ahsaa Oasis. Decomposition rate was significantly faster in summer compared with other seasons. Fourteen insect species from four orders and seven families were recorded: Calliphoridae, Muscidae, Sarcophagidae, Formicidae, Histeridae, Dermestidae, and Tenebrionidae. Most of the fly maggots collected were Calliphoridae with only one species from both Muscidae and Sarcophagidae. Maggots of Calliphora vicina (R.-D.) and Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann) colonized the carcasses in all seasons while both Ch...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853125/canine-wound-myiasis-caused-by-lucilia-sericata-diptera-calliphoridae-in-korea
#5
Seongjun Choe, Dongmin Lee, Hansol Park, Hyeong-Kyu Jeon, Hakhyun Kim, Ji-Houn Kang, Cha-Ho Jee, Keeseon S Eom
Myiasis is a relatively common infection of animals kept as pets, although only 1 case of canine myiasis has been described so far in the Republic of Korea. In the present study, we report an additional case of canine wound myiasis with identification of its causative agent, Lucilia sericata. An 8-year-old male Siberian husky dog was referred with anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea to the Chungbuk National University Veterinary Medical Center, Cheongju-si (city), Chungcheongbuk-do (province), Korea in July 2013...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792719/-comparative-study-of-the-efficacy-of-larva-therapy-for-debridement-and-control-of-bacterial-burden-compared-to-surgical-debridement-and-topical-application-of-an-antimicrobial
#6
José Contreras-Ruiz, Adán Fuentes-Suárez, Sara Arroyo-Escalante, David Moncada-Barron, María Cristina Sosa-de-Martínez, Ernesto Maravilla-Franco, Judith Guadalupe Domínguez-Cherit
Maggot debridement therapy (MDT) is the use of medical grade maggots of the fly Lucilia sericata for wound debridement. Recent observations show that MDT decreases bacterial burden as well. Venous ulcers are the most commonly seen in wound clinics and require, besides adequate treatment of venous hypertension, proper wound bed preparation with debri dement of necrotic tissue and control of potential infections. To evaluate the efficacy of MDT in venous ulcers a randomized controlled trial was designed to compare MDT to surgical debridement and topical application of silver sulfadiazine (SSD) in 19 patients for 4 weeks...
October 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770452/cuticle-hydrolysis-in-four-medically-important-fly-species-by-enzymes-of-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-conidiobolus-coronatus
#7
M I Boguś, E Włóka, A Wrońska, A Kaczmarek, M Kazek, K Zalewska, M Ligęza-Żuber, M Gołębiowski
Entomopathogenic fungi infect insects via penetration through the cuticle, which varies remarkably in chemical composition across species and life stages. Fungal infection involves the production of enzymes that hydrolyse cuticular proteins, chitin and lipids. Host specificity is associated with fungus-cuticle interactions related to substrate utilization and resistance to host-specific inhibitors. The soil fungus Conidiobolus coronatus (Constantin) (Entomophthorales: Ancylistaceae) shows virulence against susceptible species...
October 22, 2016: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696133/first-record-of-larval-secretions-of-cochliomyia-macellaria-fabricius-1775-diptera-calliphoridae-inhibiting-the-growth-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#8
F S Masiero, M F K Aquino, M P Nassu, D I B Pereira, D S Leite, P J Thyssen
Maggot debridement therapy (MDT) consists on the intentional and controlled application of sterilized larvae of the order Diptera on necrotic skin lesions with the purpose of cleaning necrotic tissue and removing pathogenic bacteria. During MDT, a marked antimicrobial activity has been reported in literature specially associated with antibacterial substances from Lucilia sericata (Meigen); however, regarding Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius), little is known. This study aimed to evaluate in vitro inhibition of bacterial growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus in contact with excretions and secretions (ES) from C...
October 1, 2016: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686957/the-effect-of-lucilia-sericata-and-sarconesiopsis-magellanica-derived-larval-therapy-on-leishmania-panamensis
#9
Lissa Cruz-Saavedra, Andrea Díaz-Roa, María A Gaona, Mónica L Cruz, Martha Ayala, Jesús A Cortés-Vecino, Manuel A Patarroyo, Felio J Bello
This study's main objective was to evaluate the action of larval therapy derived from Lucilia sericata and Sarconesiopsis magellanica (blowflies) regarding Leishmania panamensis using an in vivo model. Eighteen golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) were used; they were divided into 6 groups. The first three groups consisted of 4 animals each; these, in turn, were internally distributed into subgroups consisting of 2 hamsters to be used separately in treatments derived from each blowfly species. Group 1 was used in treating leishmanial lesions with larval therapy (LT), whilst the other two groups were used for evaluating the used of larval excretions and secretions (ES) after the ulcers had formed (group 2) and before they appeared (group 3)...
September 26, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570812/dataset-of-traumatic-myiasis-observed-for-three-dominant-screw-worm-species-in-north-west-pakistan-with-first-report-of-wohlfahrtia-magnifica-schiner
#10
Farrah Zaidi, Syeda Hira Fatima, Ayesha Gul
Regional surveys were carried out in different parts of North West Pakistan among domestic animals (N=57,921) including pets and livestock identifying cases of traumatic myiasis (n=1037). A total of four surveys focused general livestock population during Eid ul Adha (Eid surveys; incidence=1.21%) while another four surveys (Miscellaneous surveys; incidence=7.34%) targeted animal population brought to veterinary hospitals and dispensaries. Timeframe spanned four years from 2012 to 2015. Maggots were sampled and location of the wound was recorded for each host...
September 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567983/anti-leishmania-activity-of-lucilia-sericata-and-calliphora-vicina-maggots-in-laboratory-models
#11
Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi, Ali Khamesipour, Kamran Akbarzadeh, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Akram Mir Amin Mohammadi, Younes Mohammadi, Yavar Rassi, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Zahra Alebrahim, Seyed Ebrahim Eskandari, Javad Rafinejad
Use of sterile fly larvae (maggots) of blow flies for the treatment of many different types of skin and soft tissue wounds is called Maggot debridement therapy (MDT). The larvae of blow flies secrete a broad spectrum of compounds with diverse mechanisms of action in the gut and salivary glands called excretion/secretion (ES) products which showed to have antimicrobial activities against Gram negative and positive bacteria. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) which is the common form of leishmaniasis is difficult to treat...
August 24, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469950/genome-sequence-of-a-proteus-mirabilis-strain-isolated-from-the-salivary-glands-of-larval-lucilia-sericata
#12
Ye Yuan, Yu Zhang, Shuhua Fu, Tawni L Crippen, David K Visi, M Eric Benbow, Michael S Allen, Jeffery K Tomberlin, Sing-Hoi Sze, Aaron M Tarone
We announce a draft genome sequence of a Proteus mirabilis strain derived from Lucilia sericata salivary glands. This strain is demonstrated to attract and induce oviposition by L. sericata, a common blow fly important to medicine, agriculture, and forensics. The genome sequence will help dissect interkingdom communication between the species.
2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400034/induction-of-antibacterial-activity-in-the-blowfly-larvae-by-natural-infection-model
#13
J Zhuang, J Li, H Wang, Y Yao, P Shan, B Jing, P Han
Objective: To investigate the antibacterial activities of blowfly larvae induced by natural infection. Methods: The sterile larvae were mixed in a test tube containing the bacteria E coli which was suspended in phosphate buffered saline (PBS), and incubated at 25 °C for given periods, with sterilized PBS as control group. Then the haemolymph was collected and tested against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, respectively. Diameter ring was recorded to indicate the antibacterial activities...
December 9, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396987/viability-of-lucilia-sericata-maggots-after-exposure-to-wound-antiseptics
#14
Georg Daeschlein, Matthias Napp, Ojan Assadian, Sebastian von Podewils, Kevin Reese, Peter Hinz, Johannes Matiasek, Romy Spitzmueller, Paul Humphreys, Michael Jünger, Axel Kramer
After debridement and before dressing a wound with maggots of calliphorid flies, one frequently performed step is the application of antiseptics to the prepared wound bed. However, the concomitant application of antiseptic agents during maggot therapy is regarded controversial as antiseptics may interfere with maggots' viability. In this experimental in vitro study, the viability of fly maggots was investigated after exposure to various antiseptics frequently used in wound care. Here, we show that Lucilia sericata fly maggots can survive up to an hour's exposure to wound antiseptics such as octenidine, povidone-iodine or polihexanide...
July 11, 2016: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363054/antimicrobial-activity-for-excretion-and-secretion-of-the-greenbottle-fly-larvae-lucilia-sericata-meigen-diptera-calliphoridae
#15
Mostafa I Hassan, Mounir S Amer, Kotb M Hammad, Mahmoud M Zidan
Sterile larval excretion/secretion (ES) exhibited antibacterial activity against some species of bacteria. They were shown to inhibit the growth of Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis Gram-negative bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae and Fungi Geotricum candidum and Aspergillus fumigatus thus exhibited limited inhibitory effect towards Gram-positive bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus epidermidis and Gram-negative Proteous vulgaris and Fungi Syncephalastrum racemosum, Candida albicans, that effect was slowed down when challenged with secretion on a solid media but no zone of complete inhibition was detectqd...
April 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311386/distribution-modeling-of-three-screwworm-species-in-the-ecologically-diverse-landscape-of-north-west-pakistan
#16
Farrah Zaidi, Syeda Hira Fatima, Muhammad Khisroon, Ayesha Gul
North West Pakistan (NWP) is characterized by four eco-zones: Northern Montane Region, North Western Hills, Submontane Region and Indus Plains. Present study identified 1037 cases of traumatic myiasis in the region during 2012-2015. Screw worm larvae were classified as 12 species: Chrysomya bezziana (Villeneuve), Chryomya megacephala (Fabricius), Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart), Lucilia cuprina (Wiedemann), Lucilia sericata (Meigen), Lucilia illustris (Meigen), Lucilia porphyrina (Walker), Hemipyrellia ligguriens (Wiedemann), Calliphora vicina (Robineau-Desvoidy), Wohlfahrtia magnifica (Schiner), Sarcophaga crassipalpalis (Macquart), Sarchophaga species...
October 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308285/a-case-of-extensive-wound-myiasis-caused-by-lucilia-sericata-diptera-calliphoridae-in-a-patient-with-maxillary-sinus-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-turkey
#17
Filiz Demirel-Kaya, Ömer Orkun, Ayşe Çakmak, A Çağkan İnkaya, Murat Öcal, Sibel Erguven
The larvae causing myiasis can lead extensive tissue destruction, invasion into deep tissues and secondary infections. Poor hygiene, low socioeconomic condition and presence of open wounds are the most important predisposing factors. This case report describes destructive wound myiasis in a 58-year-old male patient diagnosed with maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma who lives in a rural area in Ankara, Turkey. Approximately 200 larvae were collected and identified as Lucilia sericata by morphological examination...
June 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289434/microbial-effects-on-the-development-of-forensically-important-blow-fly-species
#18
Esther R Crooks, Mark T Bulling, Kate M Barnes
Colonisation times and development rates of specific blow fly species are used to estimate the minimum Post Mortem Interval (mPMI). The presence or absence of bacteria on a corpse can potentially affect the development and survival of blow fly larvae. Therefore an understanding of microbial-insect interactions is important for improving the interpretation of mPMI estimations. In this study, the effect of two bacteria (Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus) on the growth rate and survival of three forensically important blow fly species (Lucilia sericata, Calliphora vicina and Calliphora vomitoria) was investigated...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282814/differential-diptera-succession-patterns-on-decomposed-rabbit-carcasses-in-three-different-habitats
#19
Ashraf Mohamed Ali Mashaly, Fahd A Al-Mekhlafi
This study describes for the first time the necrophagous Diptera attracted to rabbit carcasses in three distinct habitats in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). A mean number of 1,427 flies belonging to 8 families and 16 species were collected during the decomposition process of the rabbits at the three different sites. Carcasses in the agricultural habitat attracted 1,146 flies from 7 families and 14 species, compared to carcasses in the urban site, which attracted 249 flies from 5 families and 9 species...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193400/larval-distribution-and-behavior-of-chrysomya-rufifacies-macquart-diptera-calliphoridae-relative-to-other-species-on-florida-black-bear-carnivora-ursidae-decomposing-carcasses
#20
S L Swiger, J A Hogsette, J F Butler
Larval interactions of dipteran species, blow flies in particular, were observed and documented daily over time and location on five black bear carcasses in Gainesville, FL, USA, from June 2002 - September 2004. Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius) or Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) larvae were collected first, after which Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart) oviposited on the carcasses in multiple locations (i.e., neck, anus, and exposed flesh) not inhabited already by the other blow fly larvae. Within the first week of decomposition, C...
February 2014: Neotropical Entomology
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