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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807915/both-14-day-hybrid-and-bismuth-quadruple-therapies-cure-most-patients-with-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-populations-with-moderate-antibiotic-resistance-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Feng-Woei Tsay, Deng-Chyang Wu, Hsien-Chung Yu, Sung-Shuo Kao, Kung-Hung Lin, Jin-Shiung Cheng, Huay-Min Wang, Wen-Chi Chen, Wei-Chih Sun, Kuo-Wang Tsai, Ping-I Hsu
BACKGROUND & AIM: Hybrid therapy is a novel two-step treatment achieving a high eradication rate for H. pylori infection. Currently, whether this new therapy achieves a higher eradication rate than bismuth quadruple therapy remains an unanswered question. The aim of this prospective, randomized, comparive study was to investigate the efficacies of 14-day hybrid therapy and bismuth quadruple therapy in the treatment of H. pylori infection.METHODS: From July 2013 to June 2015, eligible H. pylori-infected subjects were randomly assigned to receive either 14-day bismuth quadruple therapy (pantoprazole, bismuth subcitrate, tetracycline, and metronidazole for 14 days) or 14-day hybrid therapy (a 7-day dual therapy with pantoprazole plus amoxicillin, followed by a 7-day quadraple therapy with pantoprazole plus amoxicillin, clarithromycin and metronidazole)...
August 14, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801477/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-impaired-renal-function-are-associated-with-brain-alterations-and-poststroke-cognitive-decline
#2
Einor Ben Assayag, Roy Eldor, Amos D Korczyn, Efrat Kliper, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty, Oren Tene, Jeremy Molad, Itzhak Shapira, Shlomo Berliner, Viki Volfson, Ludmila Shopin, Yehuda Strauss, Hen Hallevi, Natan M Bornstein, Eitan Auriel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with diseases of the brain, kidney, and vasculature. However, the relationship between T2DM, chronic kidney disease, brain alterations, and cognitive function after stroke is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the inter-relationship between T2DM, impaired renal function, brain pathology on imaging, and cognitive decline in a longitudinal poststroke cohort. METHODS: The TABASCO (Tel Aviv brain acute stroke cohort) is a prospective cohort of stroke/transient ischemic attack survivors...
August 11, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777239/professional-resilience-paradigm-meets-the-quadruple-aim-professional-mandate-ethical-imperative
#3
Ellen Fink-Samnick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759696/structured-coaching-programs-to-develop-staff
#4
Susan MacLeod Dyess, Rose Sherman, Andra Opalinski, Terry Eggenberger
Health care environments are complex and chaotic, therein challenging patients and professionals to attain satisfaction, well-being, and exceptional outcomes. These chaotic environments increase the stress and burnout of professionals and reduce the likelihood of optimizing success in many dimensions. Coaching is evolving as a professional skill that may influence the optimization of the health care environment. This article reflects on three coaching programs: Gallup Strengths-Based Coaching, Dartmouth Microsystem Coaching, and Health and Wellness Nurse Coaching...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742049/reduced-and-full-order-observers-for-delayed-genetic-regulatory-networks
#5
Xian Zhang, Xiaofei Fan, Ligang Wu
This paper is centered upon the state estimation for delayed genetic regulatory networks. Our aim is at estimating the concentrations of mRNAs and proteins by designing reduced-order and full-order state observers based on available network outputs. We introduce a Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional including quadruplicate integrals, and estimate its derivative by employing the Wirtinger-type integral inequalities, reciprocal convex technique, and convex technique. From which, delay-dependent sufficient conditions, in the form of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs), are investigated to ensure that the resultant error system is asymptotically stable...
July 21, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736579/changes-of-myocardial-lipidomics-profiling-in-a-rat-model-of-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-using-uplc-q-tof-ms-analysis
#6
Shifen Dong, Rong Zhang, Yaoyue Liang, Jiachen Shi, Jiajia Li, Fei Shang, Xuezhou Mao, Jianning Sun
BACKGROUND: Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a serious cardiac dysfunction induced by changes in the structure and contractility of the myocardium that are initiated in part by alterations in energy substrates. The underlying mechanisms of DCM are still under controversial. The observation of lipids, especially lipidomics profiling, can provide an insight into the know the biomarkers of DCM. The aim of our research was to detect changes of myocardial lipidomics profiling in a rat model of diabetic cardiomyopathy...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716216/1-4-times-increase-in-atrial-fibrillation-related-ischemic-stroke-and-tia-over-12years-in-a-stroke-center
#7
Qiong Yang, Leonid Churilov, Dongsheng Fan, Stephen Davis, Bernard Yan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) has quadrupled in the past 50years in the general population. However, there is uncertainty regarding prevalence of AF over time in ischemic stroke patients given the aging population and enhanced surveillance of AF. We aimed to explore the changing prevalence of AF as well as other risk factors, stroke subtypes, investigations and pre-stroke medications among ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of data from a prospective database of consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke and TIA from 2004 to 2015...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702193/update-on-the-first-line-treatment-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection-a-continuing-challenge-from-an-old-enemy
#8
REVIEW
Chih-Chieh Huang, Kuo-Wang Tsai, Tzung-Jiun Tsai, Ping-I Hsu
Because the prevalence of antibiotic resistance markedly increases with time worldwide, anti-H. pylori treatment is continuing to be a great challenge forsphysicians in clinical practice. The Real-world Practice & Expectation of Asia-Pacific Physicians and Patients in Helicobacter Pylori Eradication (REAP-HP) Survey demonstrated that the accepted minimal eradication rate of anti-H. pylori regimen in H. pylori-infected patients was 91%. The Kyoto Consensus Report on Helicobacter Pylori Gastritis also recommended that, within any region, only regimens which reliably produce eradication rates of ≥90% in that population should be used for empirical treatment...
2017: Biomarker Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694275/the-chief-primary-care-medical-officer-restoring-continuity
#9
Noemi Doohan, Jennifer DeVoe
The year 2016 marked the 20th anniversary of the hospitalist profession, with more than 50,000 physicians identifying as hospitalists. The Achilles heel of hospitalist medicine, however, is discontinuity. Despite many current payment and delivery systems rewarding this discontinuity and severing long-term relationships between patient and primary care teams at the hospital door, primary care does not stop being important when a person is admitted to the hospital. The notion of a broken primary care continuum is not an academic construct, it causes real harm to patients...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650512/elucidating-sequence-and-solvent-specific-design-targets-to-protect-and-stabilize-enzymes-for-biocatalysis-in-ionic-liquids
#10
K G Sprenger, J G Plaks, J L Kaar, J Pfaendtner
For many different frameworks, the structure, function, and dynamics of an enzyme is largely determined by the nature of its interactions with the surrounding host environment, thus a molecular level understanding of enzyme/host interactions is essential to the design of new processes and applications. Ionic liquid (IL) solvents are a popular class of solvents in which to study enzyme behavior, yet it is still not possible to predict how a given enzyme will behave in a given IL solvent. Furthermore, a dearth of experimental data with which to evaluate simulation force fields has prevented the full integration of experimental and computational techniques to gain a complete picture of enzyme/IL interactions...
June 26, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624108/modification-of-immunosuppressive-therapy-as-risk-factor-for-complications-after-liver-transplantation
#11
REVIEW
Paolo De Simone, Paola Carrai, Laura Coletti, Davide Ghinolfi, Stefania Petruccelli, Franco Filipponi
Management of complications post-liver transplantation (LT) includes immunosuppressive manipulations with the aim to reduce the overall burden of immunologic suppression and compensate for renal, cardiovascular, metabolic toxicities, and for the increased oncologic risk. Two approaches can be implemented to reduce immunosuppression-related adverse events: upfront schedules tailored to the pretransplant individual patient's risk profile versus downstream modifications in the event of immunosuppression-related complications...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610791/the-role-of-the-time-kill-kinetics-assay-as-part-of-a-preclinical-modeling-framework-for-assessing-the-activity-of-anti-tuberculosis-drugs
#12
Hannelore I Bax, Irma A J M Bakker-Woudenberg, Corné P de Vogel, Aart van der Meijden, Annelies Verbon, Jurriaan E M de Steenwinkel
Novel treatment strategies for tuberculosis are urgently needed. Many different preclinical models assessing anti-tuberculosis drug activity are available, but it is yet unclear which combination of models is most predictive of clinical treatment efficacy. The aim of this study was to determine the role of our in vitro time kill-kinetics assay as an asset to a predictive preclinical modeling framework assessing anti-tuberculosis drug activity. The concentration- and time-dependent mycobacterial killing capacities of six anti-tuberculosis drugs were determined during exposure as single drugs or in dual, triple and quadruple combinations towards a Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing genotype strain and drug resistance was assessed...
July 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605383/quadruple-immunostaining-of-the-olfactory-bulb-for-visualization-of-olfactory-sensory-axon-molecular-identity-codes
#13
Naoki Ihara, Yuji Ikegaya, Haruki Takeuchi
The mouse olfactory system is often used to study mechanisms of neural circuit formation because of its simple anatomical structure. An Olfactory Sensory Neuron (OSN) is a bipolar cell with a single dendrite and a single unbranched axon. An OSN expresses only one Olfactory Receptor (OR) gene, OSNs expressing a given type of OR converge their axons to a few sets of invariant glomeruli in the Olfactory Bulb (OB). A remarkable feature of OSN projection is that the expressed ORs play instructive roles in axonal projection...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601610/therapeutic-success-with-bismuth-containing-sequential-and-quadruple-regimens-in-helicobacter-pylori-eradication
#14
Oguzhan Ozturk, Levent Doganay, Yasar Colak, Feruze Yilmaz Enc, Celal Ulasoglu, Kamil Ozdil, Ilyas Tuncer
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The success rate of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication with the classical triple therapy is gradually declining. In this study, we aimed to compare and assess the efficacies of six different eradication regimens including sequential protocols. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Endoscopically confirmed nonulcer dyspepsia patients were enrolled. H. pylori presence was determined either histologically or by a rapid urease test. Treatment-naive patients were randomly assigned to an either one of three 10-day (OAC, OTMB, and OACB) or one of three sequential protocols (OA+OCM, OA+OCMB, and OA+OMDB) (O=omeprazole, A=amoxicillin, C=clarithromycin, T=tetracycline, M=metronidazole, B=bismuth, D=doxycycline)...
June 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541262/joint-espghan-naspghan-guidelines-for-the-management-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-children-and-adolescents-update-2016
#15
Nicola L Jones, Sibylle Koletzko, Karen Goodman, Patrick Bontems, Samy Cadranel, Thomas Casswall, Steve Czinn, Benjamin D Gold, Jeannette Guarner, Yoram Elitsur, Matjaž Homan, Nicolas Kalach, Michal Kori, Armando Madrazo, Francis Megraud, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Marion Rowland
BACKGROUND: Because of the changing epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori infection and low efficacy of currently recommended therapies, an update of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition/North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition recommendations for the diagnosis and management of H pylori infection in children and adolescents is required. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature (time period: 2009-2014) was performed...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538054/achieving-high-reliability-with-people-processes-and-technology
#16
Candice L Saunders, John A Brennan
High reliability as a corporate value in healthcare can be achieved by meeting the "Quadruple Aim" of improving population health, reducing per capita costs, enhancing the patient experience, and improving provider wellness. This drive starts with the board of trustees, CEO, and other senior leaders who ingrain high reliability throughout the organization. At WellStar Health System, the board developed an ambitious goal to become a top-decile health system in safety and quality metrics. To achieve this goal, WellStar has embarked on a journey toward high reliability and has committed to Lean management practices consistent with the Institute for Healthcare Improvement's definition of a high-reliability organization (HRO): one that is committed to the prevention of failure, early identification and mitigation of failure, and redesign of processes based on identifiable failures...
July 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531563/what-do-individuals-with-morbid-obesity-report-as-a-usual-dietary-intake-a-narrative-review-of-available-evidence
#17
Cathy M Harbury, Elisabeth E Verbruggen, Robin Callister, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In several developed countries, as obesity prevalence doubles it has quadrupled for morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kgm(-2)). As more individuals with morbid obesity present for weight loss treatment there is a greater need to understand their dietary habits. No reviews were found in the literature, therefore this systematic review aims to identify and describe the existing evidence on the usual dietary intake of individuals with morbid obesity including those from a general population and those seeking treatment such as weight loss surgery...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513523/the-efficacy-of-sequential-therapy-in-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-turkey
#18
F Harmandar, S U İlikhan, Y Üstüündağn, O Harmandar
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Most of the studies about sequential therapy that have been reported from Turkey were levofloxacin based. We aimed to compare the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication rates of standard triple, sequential and quadruple therapies including claritromycin regimes in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 160 patients with dyspeptic symptoms were enrolled to the study. The patients were randomized to four groups of treatment protocols...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485775/determination-of-phloroglucinol-by-hplc-ms-ms-and-its-application-to-a-bioequivalence-study-in-healthy-volunteers
#19
X-Q Li, R-T Wang, Q-H Wang, X-L Tang, C-T Lu, H-G Gong, A-D Wen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetic characteristics of phloroglucinol between an orally disintegrating tablet and an orally lyophilized tablet of phloroglucinol in healthy volunteers under fasting condition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A rapid and simple method based on high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for the determination of phloroglucinol in human plasma...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465629/noninvasive-molecular-analysis-of-helicobacter-pylori-is-it-time-for-tailored-first-line-therapy
#20
EDITORIAL
Enzo Ierardi, Floriana Giorgio, Andrea Iannone, Giuseppe Losurdo, Mariabeatrice Principi, Michele Barone, Antonio Pisani, Alfredo Di Leo
The main problem of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection management is linked to antibiotic resistances. This phenomenon has grown in the last decade, inducing a dramatic decline in conventional regimen effectiveness. The causes of resistance are point mutations in bacterial DNA, which interfere with antibiotic mechanism of action, especially clarithromycin and levofloxacin. Therefore, international guidelines have recently discouraged their use in areas with a relevant resistance percentage, suggesting first-line schedules with expected high eradication rates, i...
April 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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