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Quadruple aim

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924430/the-three-in-one-formulation-of-bismuth-quadruple-therapy-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-with-or-without-probiotics-supplementation-efficacy-and-safety-in-daily-clinical-practice
#1
Rocco Maurizio Zagari, Alessandra Romiti, Enzo Ierardi, Antonietta G Gravina, Alba Panarese, Giuseppe Grande, Edoardo Savarino, Giovanni Maconi, Elisa Stasi, Leonardo Henry Eusebi, Fabio Farinati, Rita Conigliaro, Franco Bazzoli, Marco Romano
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have shown a good efficacy of the "three-in-one" formulation of bismuth quadruple therapy (BQT) for Helicobacter (H.) pylori eradication. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the three-in-one BQT in clinical practice, and investigate the effect of probiotic supplementation, in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective database, multicentre observational study was conducted in seven Italian Hospitals. Consecutive H...
June 20, 2018: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923845/how-do-innovative-primary-care-practices-achieve-the-quadruple-aim
#2
Edward H Wagner, Lisa LeRoy, Judith Schaefer, Michael Bailit, Katie Coleman, Chunliu Zhan, David Meyers
The Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) now defines excellent primary care. Recent literature has begun to elucidate the components of PCMHs that improve care and reduce costs, but there is little empiric evidence that helps practices, payers, or policy makers understand how high-performing practices have improved outcomes. We report the findings from 38 such practices that fill this gap. We describe how they execute 8 functions that collectively meet patient needs. They include managing populations, providing self-management support coaching, providing integrated behavioral health care, and managing referrals...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911329/helicobacter-pylori-antibiotic-resistance-in-portugal-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Inês Lopo, Diogo Libânio, Inês Pita, Mário Dinis-Ribeiro, Pedro Pimentel-Nunes
BACKGROUND: Portugal presents both a high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection and a high prevalence of antibiotic resistance. However, conclusive data on its magnitude are lacking. We aimed at summarizing the existing data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted after searching in two databases (PubMed and SciELO). Meta-analysis was performed, and comparison of resistance rates between children and adults and by type of resistance (primary and secondary) was made...
June 17, 2018: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907103/ultrastructural-analysis-of-mitotic-drosophila-s2-cells-identifies-distinctive-microtubule-and-intracellular-membrane-behaviors
#4
Anton Strunov, Lidiya V Boldyreva, Evgeniya N Andreyeva, Gera A Pavlova, Julia V Popova, Alena V Razuvaeva, Alina F Anders, Fioranna Renda, Alexey V Pindyurin, Maurizio Gatti, Elena Kiseleva
BACKGROUND: S2 cells are one of the most widely used Drosophila melanogaster cell lines. A series of studies has shown that they are particularly suitable for RNAi-based screens aimed at the dissection of cellular pathways, including those controlling cell shape and motility, cell metabolism, and host-pathogen interactions. In addition, RNAi in S2 cells has been successfully used to identify many new mitotic genes that are conserved in the higher eukaryotes, and for the analysis of several aspects of the mitotic process...
June 15, 2018: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899426/efficacy-of-two-different-dosages-of-levofloxacin-in-curing-helicobacter-pylori-infection-a-prospective-single-center-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Huo-Ye Gan, Tie-Li Peng, You-Ming Huang, Kai-Hua Su, Lin-Li Zhao, Li-Ya Yao, Rong-Jiao Yang
Bismuth + proton pump inhibitor (PPI) + amoxicillin + levofloxacin is one of the bismuth quadruple therapy regimens widely used for the eradication of H. pylori infection. The recommended dosage of levofloxacin is 500 mg once daily or 200 mg twice daily to eradicate H. pylori infection. The aim of the present open-label, randomized control trial was to compare the effectiveness, safety, and compliance of different dosages of levofloxacin used to cure Helicobacter pylori infection. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive esomeprazole, amoxicillin, colloidal bismuth pectin and levofloxacin 500 mg once/day (group A) or levofloxacin 200 mg twice/day (group B) for 14 days...
June 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874632/microbial-anodic-consortia-fed-with-fermentable-substrates-in-microbial-electrolysis-cells-significance-of-microbial-structures
#6
Clément Flayac, Eric Trably, Nicolas Bernet
Microbial community structure of anodic biofilms plays a key role in bioelectrochemical systems (BESs). When ecosystems are used as inocula, many bacterial species having interconnected ecological interactions are present. The aim of the present study was to identify these interactions for the conversion of single substrates into electrical current. Dual-chamber reactors were inoculated with activated sludge and fed in batch mode with acetate, lactate, butyrate and propionate at 80 mMe- equivalents in quadruplicate...
May 28, 2018: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870489/engaging-employees-in-well-being-moving-from-the-triple-aim-to-the-quadruple-aim
#7
Barbara Jacobs, Julie McGovern, Jamie Heinmiller, Karen Drenkard
Anne Arundel Medical Center has been on a 3-year journey to improve employee well-being with the assumption that employee well-being and employee engagement are interconnected. Improvements in employee well-being will result in increased employee engagement and will be a pivotal driver to assist the health system meet its goals. Historically, Anne Arundel Medical Center successfully differentiated itself in the market by being the region's high-quality, low-cost provider of health services delivered through intense collaboration with patients and families...
July 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868704/teaching-for-practice-the-impact-of-a-large-scale-interprofessional-foundational-program
#8
Stephen D Jernigan, Susan R Hodgkins, Wendy C Hildenbrand, Delois M Laverentz, Kristy Johnson, Michael J Waxman, Jana K Zaudke
PURPOSE: The University of Kansas Medical Center has developed an interprofessional education (IPE) foundational program using TeamSTEPPS, a curriculum designed to improve patient care through effective communication and teamwork. The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of the Level 1 program on learners as they develop the attitudes, knowledge, and skills related to interprofessional collaborative practice. METHODS: Learners (n=715) representing 15 professions participated in the Level 1 program...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781780/physical-therapists-know-function-an-opinion-on-mobility-and-level-of-activity-during-hospitalization-for-adult-inpatients
#9
Audrey M Johnson, Janice Kuperstein, Dana Howell, Esther E Dupont-Versteegden
Negative consequences of immobility during hospitalization are widely known and remain undisputed. Evidence of low mobility for general medicine adult inpatients persists. Patients who experience hospital acquired functional decline due to low mobility require costly post-acute care services. The impact of immobility on post-acute care physical function and quality of life is directly at odds with value-based care. New Medicare payment models emphasize value-based care to promote care improvement and better patient outcomes...
May 21, 2018: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777659/adopting-the-quadruple-aim-the-university-of-rochester-medical-center-experience-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-moving-from-physician-burnout-to-physician-resilience
#10
Allen P Anandarajah, Timothy E Quill, Michael R Privitera
BACKGROUND: The high rates of burnout among medical professionals in the US are well documented. The reasons for burnout and the factors that contribute to physician resilience among healthcare providers in academic centers however are less well studied. METHODS: Healthcare providers at a large academic center were surveyed to measure degree of burnout and callousness and identify associated factors. Additional questions evaluated the features linked to resilience...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759262/focus-on-the-quadruple-aim-development-of-a-resiliency-center-to-promote-faculty-and-staff-wellness-initiatives
#11
Ellen Morrow, Megan Call, Robin Marcus, Amy Locke
DEFINING THE PROBLEM: A growing body of evidence highlights the need for wellness programs to support health care professionals. Although much of the existing literature centers on practicing physicians and physician trainees, there is growing awareness that these challenges are not unique to physicians and affect all members of the health care team. Traumatic and stressful events will always be a part of health care; how these events are addressed on a personal and team level is essential to the success of a health care system...
May 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750025/metabolomics-study-of-the-therapeutic-mechanism-of-schisandra-chinensis-lignans-on-aging-rats-induced-by-d-galactose
#12
Jinghui Sun, Shu Jing, Rui Jiang, Chunmei Wang, Chengyi Zhang, Jianguang Chen, He Li
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiaging effect of Schisandra chinensis lignans (SCL) by analyzing the characteristics in the serum of d-galactose (d-gal)-induced rats. Methods: Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, d-gal model group, low-dose SCL group (50 mg/kg/d), medium-dose SCL group (100 mg/kg/d), and high-dose SCL group (200 mg/kg/d). A serum metabolomics analysis method based on rapid resolution liquid chromatography coupled with quadruple-time-of-flight mass spectrometry was carried out to study the characteristics of d-gal-induced aging rats and evaluate the antiaging effects of SCL, and multivariate statistical analysis was performed for pattern recognition and characteristic metabolites identification...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743227/using-the-quadruple-aim-framework-to-measure-impact-of-heath-technology-implementation-a-case-study-of-econsult
#13
Clare Liddy, Erin Keely
BACKGROUND: Health technology solutions are too often implemented without a true understanding of the system-level problem they seek to address, resulting in excessive costs, poor adoption, ineffectiveness, and ultimately failure. Before implementing or adopting health care innovations, stakeholders should complete a thorough assessment to ensure effectiveness and value. In this article, we describe how to evaluate the impact of a health technology innovation through the 4 dimensions of care outlined by the Quadruple Aim Framework, using our experience with the Champlain Building Access to Specialists through eConsultation (BASE) eConsult service as a case example...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732362/combining-genetic-variants-to-improve-risk-prediction-for-nafld-and-its-progression-to-cirrhosis-a-proof-of-concept-study
#14
Umberto Vespasiani-Gentilucci, Chiara Dell'Unto, Antonio De Vincentis, Andrea Baiocchini, Marco Delle Monache, Roberto Cecere, Adriano Maria Pellicelli, Valerio Giannelli, Simone Carotti, Giovanni Galati, Paolo Gallo, Francesco Valentini, Franca Del Nonno, Davide Rosati, Sergio Morini, Raffaele Antonelli-Incalzi, Antonio Picardi
Background & Aims: Identifying NAFLD patients at risk of progression is crucial to orient medical care and resources. We aimed to verify if the effects determined by different single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) could add up to multiply the risk of NAFLD and NASH-cirrhosis. Methods: Three study populations, that is, patients diagnosed with NASH-cirrhosis or with noncirrhotic NAFLD and healthy controls, were enrolled. PNPLA3 rs738409, TM6SF2 rs58542926, KLF6 rs3750861, SOD2 rs4880, and LPIN1 rs13412852 were genotyped...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731924/the-spectrum-of-histopathological-changes-in-the-renal-allograft-a-12-months-protocol-biopsy-study
#15
Galina Severova-Andreevska, Ladislava Grcevska, Gordana Petrushevska, Koco Cakalaroski, Aleksandar Sikole, Olivera Stojceva-Taneva, Ilina Danilovska, Ninoslav Ivanovski
INTRODUCTION: Renal transplantation became a routine and successful medical treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease in the last 30 years all over the world. Introduction of Luminex based Single Antigen Beads (SAB) and recent BANFF consensus of histopathological phenotypes of different forms of rejection enables more precise diagnosis and changes the therapeutic approach. The graft biopsies, protocol or cause, indicated, remain a golden diagnostic tool for clinical follow up of kidney transplant recipients (KTR)...
April 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698861/lc-ms-based-urinary-metabolomics-study-of-the-intervention-effect-of-aloe-emodin-on-hyperlipidemia-rats
#16
Hongyu Ji, Yu Liu, Fang He, Ran An, Zhimin Du
Hyperlipidemia has been highlighted to be one of the most prominent and global chronic condition nowadays. Daming capsule (DMC), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation, has treated hyperlipidemia on clinic in China for decades. Our recent study showed that aloe-emodin (AE) is one of the main bioactive components in DMC. Therefore, the present study aims to further investigate the lipid-lowering effect by serum biochemistry and histopathological examination, and reveal the underlying mechanisms by urinary metabolomics approach...
July 15, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692822/prevalence-of-multiple-birth-in-isfahan-iran
#17
Ahmad Yazdekhasti, Alireza Firouzfar, Parisa Hajheidari, Arash Havaei, Golchehreh Tavakol, Fereshteh Karbasian
Background: According to increasing rate of using assisted reproductive technology (ART) which result in higher rates of multiple birth and natal difficulties, we aimed to determine the prevalence rate of multiple birth pregnancies. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study evaluating birth files in 2009-2010 of main hospitals of Isfahan, Iran. Results: Among 31640 files' studies, 614 cases of multiple birth pregnancies were investigated...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684969/-the-efficacy-of-rebamipide-or-ecabet-sodium-supplementation-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-therapy-compared-with-quadruple-concomitant-regimen
#18
Joonhwan Kim, Kyungwon Kim, Jun Soo Lee, Su Young Kim, Kyung Oh Kim, Yoon Jae Kim, Kwang An Kwon, Dong Kyun Park, Jun Won Chung
Background/Aims: Although some previous studies reported that a treatment combined with mucoprotective agent could improve the eradication rate in dual or triple therapy, there are other reports that question the efficacy of combining these drugs in concomitant therapy (CoCTx). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of rebamipide or ecabet on the Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) eradication combined with CoCTx. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 277 patients with proven H...
April 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678478/immunohistochemical-cd271-expression-correlates-with-melanoma-progress-in-a-case-control-study
#19
Patricia Switten Nielsen, Rikke Riber-Hansen, Torben Steiniche
Putative cancer stem cell (CSC) markers have arisen from melanoma mouse and in vitro models, but their expression in paraffin embedded patient samples relative to clinical outcome remains largely unexplored. Rather than cells of the tumour bulk, conceivably, CSC drive tumour progression. Accordingly, complete eradication may prevent melanoma relapse. Because elevated tumour-cell proliferation is an established indicator of aggressive disease, this study aimed to investigate the correlation between melanoma recurrence and proliferation of putative CSC that express CD271, CD166, or CD20...
June 2018: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677637/the-prevalence-of-molecular-markers-of-drug-resistance-in-plasmodium-vivax-from-the-border-regions-of-thailand-in-2008-and-2014
#20
Kritpaphat Tantiamornkul, Tepanata Pumpaibool, Jittima Piriyapongsa, Richard Culleton, Usa Lek-Uthai
The prevalence of Plasmodium vivax is increasing in the border regions of Thailand; one potential problem confounding the control of malaria in these regions is the emergence and spread of drug resistance. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic diversity in genes potentially linked to drug resistance in P. vivax parasites isolated from four different border regions of Thailand; Thai-Myanmar (Tak, Mae Hong Son and Prachuap Khiri Khan Provinces), and Thai-Cambodian borders (Chanthaburi Province). Isolates were collected from 345 P...
April 12, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
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