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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920813/mycobacteriosis-in-captive-psittacines-a-brief-review-and-case-series-in-common-companion-species-eclectus-roratus-amazona-oratrix-and-pionites-melanocephala
#1
Anna Elizabeth McRee, Christine T Higbie, Javier G Nevarez, Nathalie T Rademacher, Thomas N Tully
In 2015, three psittacines were presented within 30 days, each with differing clinical signs and patient histories. A 13-yr-old male eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus) was presented for weakness, depression, and acute anorexia. On presentation it was determined to have a heart murmur, severely elevated white blood cell count (93.9 10(3)/μl) with a left shift (2.8 10(3)/μl bands), and anemia (30%). Severe hepatomegaly was noted on radiographs, ultrasonography, and computed tomography. A cytological sample of the liver obtained through a fine needle aspirate revealed intracellular acid-fast bacilli identified as Mycobacterium avium...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905295/between-breed-variations-in-resistance-resilience-to-gastrointestinal-nematodes-among-indigenous-goat-breeds-in-uganda
#2
R B Onzima, R Mukiibi, A Ampaire, K K Benda, E Kanis
Gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs), Haemonchus contortus, are a major health problem in goat production. Resistance to H. contortus, the most prevalent GIN in Uganda, was studied among three indigenous goat breeds to assess their differences. Twelve male goats of each breed approximately 7 months old of small East African (SEA), Mubende, and Kigezi goats from smallholder farmers in Arua, Mubende, and Kabale were assembled for the study. At the station, they were dewormed with a combination therapy of the broad-spectrum dewormers closantel and albendazole to free the goats of gastrointestinal parasites...
September 13, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903506/a-population-based-assessment-of-the-impact-of-7-and-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-on-macrolide-resistant-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-emergence-and-decline-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-serotype-19a-cc320-with-dual-macrolide-resistance-mechanisms
#3
Max R Schroeder, Scott T Chancey, Stephanie Thomas, Wan-Hsuan Kuo, Sarah W Satola, Monica M Farley, David S Stephens
Background: Macrolide efflux encoded by mef(E)/mel and ribosomal methylation encoded by erm(B) confer most macrolide resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae. Introduction of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in 2000 reduced macrolide-resistant invasive pneumococcal disease (MR-IPD) due to PCV7 serotypes (6B, 9V, 14, 19F, and 23F). Methods: In this study, the impact of PCV7 and PCV13 on MR-IPD was prospectively assessed. A 20-year study of IPD performed in metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia, using active, population-based surveillance formed the basis for this study...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899777/jerusalem-artichoke-enriched-diet-on-growth-performance-immuno-hematological-changes-and-disease-resistance-against-aeromonas-hydrophila-in-asian-seabass-lates-calcarifer
#4
Sajjad Syed Raffic Ali, Kondusamy Ambasankar, Mohamed Saiyad Musthafa, Ramasamy Harikrishnan
A 45 days feeding trial was conducted to study the effect of Jerusalem artichoke (JA) on growth performance, body composition, biochemical, immuno-hematological parameters and disease resistance in Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer) fingerlings against Aeromonas hydrophila. JA was supplemented at three different levels viz., control 0, 5, 10, and 20 g kg(-1) in the commercial diet (403 g kg(-1)protein and 89 g kg (-1)lipid) in L. calcarifer. The results showed that there were no significant (P > 0...
September 9, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893322/bovine-trypanosomosis-changes-in-parasitemia-and-packed-cell-volume-in-dry-and-wet-seasons-at-gidami-district-oromia-regional-state-western-ethiopia
#5
Efrem Degneh, Workineh Shibeshi, Getachew Terefe, Kaleab Asres, Hagos Ashenafi
BACKGROUND: Animal trypanosomosis is one of the major disease problems affecting agricultural productivity in Ethiopia. The impact of the disease is believed to vary with season and agro-ecologies in line with fly vector distribution. A cross-sectional study on bovine trypanosomosis was conducted from November 2015 to June 2016, in seven selected villages of Gidami district, Oromia Regional State, western Ethiopia. A total of 930 blood samples were collected and subjected to parasitological and hematological analysis...
September 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892906/changes-in-haematological-parameters-in-newborns-born-to-preeclamptic-mothers-a-case-control-study-in-a-rural-hospital
#6
Kalavakuru Mouna, Shilpa Manigatta Doddagowda, Krishnappa Junjegowda, Latha Krishnamurthy
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is a physiological phenomenon. However, some women develop problems during pregnancy period, which puts both the mother's and the foetus health at risk. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are the type of the maternal diseases that can cause the most detrimental effects to the mother and foetus. AIMS: To determine the haematological parameters in neonates born to preeclamptic mothers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a prospective case control study carried out on neonates born to preeclamptic mothers in our institute from March 2016 to November 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887787/pneumococcal-vaccines-how-many-serotypes-are-enough
#7
REVIEW
Aaradhana Singh, A K Dutta
Streptococcus pneumoniae causes meningitis, pneumonia, septicemia, arthritis, sinusitis and otitis media specially in children and over 65 y age groups. It contributes significantly to under-five mortality and morbidity worldwide as well as in India. Use of pneumococcal vaccine seems to be the most effective measure to decrease the disease burden and reduction of under-five mortality. Many countries have already included Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines (PCV) in their National Immunization Programmes (NIP). Government of India has announced recently to include PCV13 in NIP in a phased manner...
September 9, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886052/comparison-of-clinical-features-and-3-month-treatment-response-among-three-different-choroidal-thickness-groups-in-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy
#8
Mingui Kong, Sung Min Kim, Don-Il Ham
Eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) were recently reported to have various choroidal thickness, and choroidal thickness might be associated with visual outcome in the treatment of many retinal disorders. The range of subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), clinical features, and 3-month treatment response among three groups having different range of SFCT were investigated in PCV eyes. In 78 treatment-naïve eyes with PCV, SFCT was measured using optical coherence tomography. Eyes were classified into thin, medium, and thick groups, using mean and one standard deviation of SFCT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882440/determinants-of-under-immunization-and-cumulative-time-spent-under-immunized-in-a-quebec-cohort
#9
Shauna O'Donnell, Eve Dubé, Bruce Tapiero, Arnaud Gagneur, Margaret K Doll, Caroline Quach
BACKGROUND: Under-immunization refers to a state of sub-optimal protection against vaccine preventable diseases. Vaccine coverage for age may not capture intentional or non-intentional spacing of vaccines in the recommended provincial immunization guidelines. We aimed to identify factors associated with coverage and under-immunization and to determine the number of days during which children were under-immunized during their first 24months of life. METHODS: Secondary analysis of children ≤3years recruited through active surveillance for gastroenteritis from three Quebec pediatric emergency departments from 2012 to 2014...
September 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878919/from-anemia-to-polycythemia-in-4-weeks
#10
Omer A Hassan, Melissa Y Y Moey, Christos N Papageorgiou
Primary polycythemia (PCV) may coexist in otherwise asymptomatic patients particularly in the presence of unsuspecting conditions such as Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). In presumed "idiopathic TTP," autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) should be investigated as a possible etiology for TTP. Standardization of targeted therapy with immunomodulatory agents may be recommended for this subset of patients.
September 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861356/combined-therapy-versus-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-monotherapy-for-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-a-meta-analysis
#11
Long-Hui Han, Li-Fei Yuan, Xu Liang, Xin Jia, Ming-Lian Zhang
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) combined with photodynamic therapy (PDT) versus anti-VEGF monotherapy for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). METHODS: We conducted a Meta-analysis of 9 studies to compare the efficacy and safety between combined therapy and anti-VEGF monotherapy for PCV. The programs of RevMan 5.3 and Stata 12.0 were used to analyze data. RESULTS: The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in combined therapy group were significantly better than those of anti-VEGF monotherapy group at 6, 24 and 36mo, with pooled weighted means differences (WMDs) of 0...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858379/hematologic-reference-intervals-for-wild-black-vultures-coragyps-atratus
#12
Jean C A Barbara, Vivian L Ferreira, Fernanda J V Guida, Fabíola E S Prioste, Eliana R Matushima, Tânia F Raso
BACKGROUND: The Black vulture (Coragyps atratus) is the most common species of vulture and is widespread in all America. The species feeds on rotting carcasses, and large groups are frequently seen in urban areas, concentrating especially on rubbish dumps. Although C atratus is a very common species in some areas, little is known about its health in the wild. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine hematologic RIs of wild adult Black vultures. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from 70 wild Black vultures captured in São Paulo, Brazil...
August 31, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855159/non-specific-effects-of-measles-mumps-and-rubella-mmr-vaccination-in-high-income-setting-population-based-cohort-study-in-the-netherlands
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Susanne M A J Tielemans, Hester E de Melker, Susan J M Hahné, Anna G C Boef, Fiona R M van der Klis, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Marianne A B van der Sande, Mirjam J Knol
Objectives To investigate whether measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine has positive non-specific effects in a high income setting and to compare rates of hospital admissions for infections between children aged ≤2 years who received live MMR vaccine and those who received an inactivated vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, and Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP-IPV-Hib) as their most recent vaccination.Design Nationwide population based cohort study.Setting In the Netherlands, DTaP-IPV-Hib+pneumococcal vaccination (PCV) is recommended at ages 2, 3, 4, and 11 months and MMR + meningococcal C (MenC) vaccination at age 14 months...
August 30, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851779/protocol-for-a-randomised-double-masked-sham-controlled-phase-4-study-on-the-efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-of-intravitreal-aflibercept-monotherapy-compared-with-aflibercept-with-adjunctive-photodynamic-therapy-in-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-the-atlantic
#14
João Pedro Marques, Cláudia Farinha, Miguel Ângelo Costa, Ângela Ferrão, Sandrina Nunes, Rufino Silva
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept (IVA) with sham photodynamic therapy (sPDT) versus IVA with verteporfin PDT (vPDT) in a Caucasian population with treatment-naive polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), enrolling into a treat and extend (T&E) regimen. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Randomised, double-masked, sham-controlled, multicentre phase 4 investigator-driven clinical trial. The primary outcomes are (1) change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline and (2) polyp regression at week 52, assessed by indocyanine green angiography (ICGA)...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843893/chemopreventive-and-remediation-effect-of-adansonia-digitata-l-baobab-bombacaceae-stem-bark-extracts-in-mouse-model-malaria
#15
A O Adeoye, C O Bewaji
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Adansonia digitata L. Baobab (Bombacaceae) solvent extracts have been reported to possess medicinal properties and are currently been used traditionally for the treatment of malaria and several other diseases and infection; however few reports exist in literature that provides supportive scientific evidence in favour of its medicinal use. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated the efficacy of Adansonia digitata stem bark extract in offering protection against experimental malaria and also examined its remediation effect when administered after established infection...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841852/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-staphylococcus-aureus-nasopharyngeal-carriage-during-a-pcv-trial
#16
Abdoulie Bojang, Lindsay Kendall, Effua Usuf, Uzochukwu Egere, Sarah Mulwa, Martin Antonio, Brian Greenwood, Philip C Hill, Anna Roca
BACKGROUND: We conducted an ancillary study among individuals who had participated in a cluster-randomized PCV-7 trial in rural Gambia (some clusters were wholly-vaccinated while in others only young children had been vaccinated), to determine the prevalence and risk factors for Staphylococcus aureus nasopharyngeal carriage. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-two children aged 5-10 years were recruited and followed from 4 to 20 months after vaccination started. We collected 1264 nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS)...
August 25, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836011/retinal-sensitivity-after-displacement-of-submacular-hemorrhage-due-to-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-effectiveness-and-safety-of-subretinal-tissue-plasminogen-activator
#17
Shuhei Kimura, Yuki Morizane, Ryo Matoba, Mio Hosokawa, Yusuke Shiode, Masayuki Hirano, Shinichiro Doi, Shinji Toshima, Kosuke Takahashi, Mika Hosogi, Atsushi Fujiwara, Fumio Shiraga
PURPOSE: To investigate the effectiveness of displacement of submacular hemorrhage (SMH) caused by polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) by assessing retinal sensitivity using microperimetry. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 11 consecutive PCV patients with SMH. All patients underwent vitrectomy, subretinal injection of tissue plasminogen activator, and fluid-air exchange, followed by antivascular endothelial growth factor therapy using a pro re nata regimen...
August 23, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835638/shared-genetic-variants-for-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-and-typical-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-east-asians
#18
Qiao Fan, Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung, Li Jia Chen, Kenji Yamashiro, Jeeyun Ahn, Augustinus Laude, Ranjana Mathur, Chan Choi Mun, Ian Y Yeo, Tock Han Lim, Yik-Ying Teo, Chiea Chuen Khor, Kyu-Hyung Park, Nagahisa Yoshimura, Chi Pui Pang, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng
Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), a subtype of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) more frequently seen in East Asians, has both common and distinct clinical manifestations with typical neovascular AMD (tAMD). We aim to examine the extent to which common genetic variants are shared between these two subtypes. We performed the meta-analysis of association in a total of 1062 PCV patients, 1157 tAMD patients and 5275 controls of East Asian descent from the Genetics of AMD in Asians Consortium at the 34 known AMD loci...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834910/application-of-different-ventilator-modes-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-according-to-certain-clinical-situations-a-case-report
#19
Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressing neurodegenerative disease that involves limb, axial, bulbar, and respiratory muscles. Fatigue and weakness of the respiratory muscles eventually induce respiratory insufficiency, which is one of the main causes of death in patients with ALS. In ALS patients with respiratory insufficiency, application of a ventilator is indispensable. Although there are various modes of ventilation, these modes are classified roughly into volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV)...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826356/prevalence-of-candidatus-mycoplasma-haemolamae-bovine-viral-diarrhoea-virus-and-gastrointestinal-parasitism-in-a-sample-of-adult-new-zealand-alpaca-vicugna-pacos
#20
K E Dittmer, J A Hinkson, C Dwyer, B Adlington, M van Andel
AIM: To determine the prevalence of infection with Candidatus Mycoplasma haemolamae (Mhl), antibodies to bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), and BVDV antigen, and the prevalence of animals with elevated faecal nematode egg counts (FEC) in a sample of adult New Zealand alpaca (Vicugna pacos). METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from 175 alpaca, collected from 15 farms around New Zealand, and from 31 samples sent to a diagnostic laboratory for routine haematology...
August 21, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
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