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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914110/physical-exercise-for-the-treatment-of-non-ulcerated-chronic-venous-insufficiency
#1
REVIEW
Diego N Araujo, Cibele Td Ribeiro, Alvaro Cc Maciel, Selma S Bruno, Guilherme Af Fregonezi, Fernando Al Dias
BACKGROUND: Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common disease that causes discomfort and impairs the quality of life of affected persons. Treatments such as physical exercise that aim to increase the movement of the ankle joint and strengthen the muscle pump in the calf of the leg may be useful to reduce the symptoms of CVI. OBJECTIVES: To assess and summarise the existing clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of physical exercise programmes for the treatment of individuals with non-ulcerated CVI...
December 3, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913971/myofunctional-therapy-improves-adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment
#2
Giovana Diaféria, Rogerio Santos-Silva, Eveli Truksinas, Fernanda L M Haddad, Renata Santos, Silvana Bommarito, Luiz C Gregório, Sergio Tufik, Lia Bittencourt
PURPOSE: Few studies have investigated myofunctional therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of myofunctional therapy on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence. METHODS: The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01289405). Male patients with OSAS were randomly divided into four treatment groups: placebo, patients undergoing placebo myofunctional therapy (N = 24); myofunctional therapy, undergoing myofunctional therapy (N = 27); CPAP, undergoing treatment with CPAP (N = 27); and combined, undergoing CPAP therapy and myofunctional therapy (N = 22)...
December 2, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913961/prediction-of-postoperative-clinical-recovery-of-drop-foot-attributable-to-lumbar-degenerative-diseases-via-a-bayesian-network
#3
Shota Takenaka, Hiroyuki Aono
BACKGROUND: Drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases can impair activities of daily living. Therefore, predictors of recovery of this symptom have been investigated using univariate or/and multivariate analyses. However, the conclusions have been somewhat controversial. Bayesian network models, which are graphic and intuitive to the clinician, may facilitate understanding of the prognosis of drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) To show a layered correlation among predictors of recovery from drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases; and (2) to develop support tools for clinical decisions to treat drop foot resulting from lumbar degenerative diseases...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913559/physical-activity-as-intervention-for-age-related-loss-of-muscle-mass-and-function-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-lisa-study
#4
Christian Skou Eriksen, Ellen Garde, Nina Linde Reislev, Cathrine Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Theresa Bieler, Andreas Kraag Ziegler, Anne Theil Gylling, Kasper Juel Dideriksen, Hartwig Roman Siebner, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Michael Kjaer
INTRODUCTION: Physical and cognitive function decline with age, accelerating during the 6th decade. Loss of muscle power (force×velocity product) is a dominant physical determinant for loss of functional ability, especially if the lower extremities are affected. Muscle strength training is known to maintain or even improve muscle power as well as physical function in older adults, but the optimal type of training for beneficial long-term training effects over several years is unknown...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912964/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-herbal-formula-buzhong-yiqi-tang-for-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
REVIEW
Yuanbin Chen, Johannah Linda Shergis, Lei Wu, Xuhua Yu, Qigang Zeng, Yinji Xu, Xinfeng Guo, Anthony Lin Zhang, Charlie Changli Xue, Lin Lin
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Buzhong Yiqi Tang (BZYQT) for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Three electronic English databases (PubMed, EMBASE and CENTRAL) and four Chinese databases (CBM, CNKI, CQVIP and WFMO) were searched from their inceptions until 30th June 2016. Participants were diagnosed with COPD according to the Chinese Medical Association's COPD diagnosis and treatment guidelines or Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), and were in stable stage...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912940/panax-ginseng-and-salvia-miltiorrhiza-supplementation-during-eccentric-resistance-training-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-double-blind-randomized-control-trial
#6
Hsin-Fu Lin, Chun-Chung Chou, Hsiao-Han Chao, Hirofumi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Muscle damage induced by an acute bout of eccentric exercise results in transient arterial stiffening. In this study, we sought to determine the effects of progressive eccentric resistance exercise training on vascular functions, and whether herb supplementation would enhance training adaptation by ameliorating the arterial stiffening effects. METHODS: By using a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled design, older adults were randomly assigned to either the Panax ginseng and Salvia miltiorrhiza supplementation group (N=12) or the placebo group (N=11)...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912156/health-benefits-of-aerobic-training-programs-in-adults-aged-70-and-over-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Walid Bouaziz, Thomas Vogel, Elise Schmitt, Georges Kaltenbach, Bernard Geny, Pierre Olivier Lang
Aging is intrinsically associated with a progressive decline in muscle strength and mass, and aerobic capacity. This contributes to reduced mobility and impaired quality of life (QoL) among seniors. Regular physical activity, and more particularly aerobic training (AT), has demonstrated benefits on adults' health. The aim of this review was to assess the current level of evidence regarding the health benefits of AT in the population aged 70 years and over. A comprehensive, systematic database search for manuscripts was performed...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909917/strength-training-prior-to-muscle-injury-potentiates-low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-induced-muscle-regeneration
#8
Samuel Rodrigues Lourenço Morais, Alexandre Ginei Goya, Úrsula Urias, Paulo Roberto Jannig, Aline Villa Nova Bacurau, Wagner Garcez Mello, Paula Lazilha Faleiros, Sandra Helena Penha Oliveira, Valdir Gouveia Garcia, Edilson Ervolino, Patricia Chakur Brum, Rita Cássia Menegati Dornelles
We evaluated whether strength training (ST) performed prior to skeletal muscle cryolesion would act as a preconditioning, improving skeletal muscle regeneration and responsiveness to low-level laser therapy (LLLT). Wistar rats were randomly assigned into non-exercised (NE), NE plus muscle lesion (NE + LE), NE + LE plus LLLT (NE + LE + LLLT), strength training (ST), ST + LE, and ST + LE + LLLT. The animals performed 10 weeks of ST (climbing ladder; 3× week; 80% overload). Forty-eight hours after the last ST session, tibialis anterior (TA) cryolesion was induced and LLLT (InGaAlP, 660 nm, 0...
December 1, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909678/bridge-tenodesis-a-secure-fixation-technique-for-biceps-long-head-tendinopathy-during-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-using-a-suture-bridge-technique
#9
Jin-Young Park, Jae-Hyung Lee, Kyung-Soo Oh, Seok-Won Chung, Jin-Young Bang, Young-Min Noh
Tendinopathy of the long head of the biceps is often found as an intra-articular pathology in the glenohumeral joint. Because long head of the biceps lesions are common, surgical intervention to properly manage the long head of the biceps has become an important issue. Both tenodesis and tenotomy have been shown to provide benefits in biceps long head tendinopathy. But because of concerns about muscle power reduction, cramping, and "Popeye's deformity," which may result from biceps tenotomy, biceps tenodesis is a good option for treating biceps lesions...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909410/mechanosensitive-molecular-networks-involved-in-transducing-resistance-exercise-signals-into-muscle-protein-accretion
#10
REVIEW
Emil Rindom, Kristian Vissing
Loss of skeletal muscle myofibrillar protein with disease and/or inactivity can severely deteriorate muscle strength and function. Strategies to counteract wasting of muscle myofibrillar protein are therefore desirable and invite for considerations on the potential superiority of specific modes of resistance exercise and/or the adequacy of low load resistance exercise regimens as well as underlying mechanisms. In this regard, delineation of the potentially mechanosensitive molecular mechanisms underlying muscle protein synthesis (MPS), may contribute to an understanding on how differentiated resistance exercise can transduce a mechanical signal into stimulation of muscle accretion...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908464/effects-of-different-duration-exercise-programs-in-children-with-severe-burns
#11
Robert P Clayton, Paul Wurzer, Clark R Andersen, Ronald P Mlcak, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
INTRODUCTION: Burns lead to persistent and detrimental muscle breakdown and weakness. Standard treatment at our institution includes a voluntary 12-week rehabilitative exercise program to limit and reverse the effects of increased muscle catabolism. In the present work, we investigated if different durations of exercise, 6 or 12 weeks, produce comparable improvements in muscle strength, body composition, and cardiopulmonary fitness. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled and randomized patients with ≥30% total body surface area (TBSA) burned to receive 6 or 12 weeks of exercise rehabilitation...
November 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907966/getting-rid-of-weakness-in-the-icu-an-updated-approach-to-the-acute-management-of-myasthenia-gravis-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#12
Alexis A Lizarraga, Karlo J Lizarraga, Michael Benatar
After prompt diagnosis, severe myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) usually require management in the intensive care unit. In the myasthenic patient, recognition of precipitating factors is paramount, and frequent monitoring of bulbar, upper airway, and/or respiratory muscle strength is needed to identify impending myasthenic crisis. Noninvasive ventilation can be attempted prior to intubation and mechanical ventilation in the setting of respiratory failure. Cholinesterase inhibitors should be discontinued, but resumed prior to extubation, and steroid dosage could be increased once the airway is secured...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907890/association-of-muscle-endurance-fatigability-and-strength-with-functional-limitation-and-mortality-in-the-health-aging-and-body-composition-study
#13
Baback Roshanravan, Kushang V Patel, Linda F Fried, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Ian H de Boer, Tamara Harris, Rachel A Murphy, Suzanne Satterfield, Bret H Goodpaster, Michael Shlipak, Anne B Newman, Bryan Kestenbaum
BACKGROUND: Mobility limitation is highly prevalent among older adults and is central to the loss of functional independence. Dynamic isokinetic muscle fatigue testing may reveal increased vulnerability to disability and mortality beyond strength testing. METHODS: We studied community-dwelling older adults enrolled in the Health Aging and Body Composition study (age range: 71-82) free of mobility disability and who underwent isokinetic muscle fatigue testing in 1999-2000 (n = 1,963)...
October 21, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907044/coenzyme-q10-status-as-a-determinant-of-muscular-strength-in-two-independent-cohorts
#14
Alexandra Fischer, Simone Onur, Petra Niklowitz, Thomas Menke, Matthias Laudes, Gerald Rimbach, Frank Döring
Aging is associated with sarcopenia, which is a loss of skeletal muscle mass and function. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is involved in several important functions that are related to bioenergetics and protection against oxidative damage; however, the role of CoQ10 as a determinant of muscular strength is not well documented. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the determinants of muscular strength by examining hand grip force in relation to CoQ10 status, gender, age and body mass index (BMI) in two independent cohorts (n = 334, n = 967)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906984/balance-and-muscle-strength-in-elderly-women-who-dance-samba
#15
Marcos Maurício Serra, Angelica Castilho Alonso, Mark Peterson, Luis Mochizuki, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Luiz Eugênio Garcez-Leme
Considering the growth of the aging population, and the increasing risk for falls and related morbidity, it is vital to seek efficient, comprehensive, and culturally relevant prevention programs for elderly people to reduce risks for falls. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the postural balance and muscle strength among women participating in the "Wing of Baianas" in the carnival parades. One hundred and ten women, with an average age of 67.4±5.9 years, were divided into two groups: Baianas group-elderly participants of the carnival parades in the "Wing of Baianas", and a Control group of women who do not dance samba...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906546/persistent-hemifacial-spasm-after-microvascular-decompression-a-risk-assessment-model
#16
Aalap Shah, Michael Horowitz
OBJECTIVE: Microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS) provides resolution of disabling symptoms such as eyelid twitching and muscle contractions of the entire hemiface. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of patient demographics and spasm characteristics on long-term outcomes, with or without intraoperative lateral spread response (LSR) as an additional variable in a risk assessment model. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate the associations of pre-operative patient characteristics, as well as intraoperative LSR and need for a staged procedure on the presence of persistent or recurrent HFS at the time of hospital discharge and at follow-up...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906065/dystrophin-deficient-dogs-with-reduced-myostatin-have-unequal-muscle-growth-and-greater-joint-contractures
#17
Joe N Kornegay, Daniel J Bogan, Janet R Bogan, Jennifer L Dow, Jiahui Wang, Zheng Fan, Naili Liu, Leigh C Warsing, Robert W Grange, Mihye Ahn, Cynthia J Balog-Alvarez, Steven W Cotten, Monte S Willis, Candice Brinkmeyer-Langford, Hongtu Zhu, Joe Palandra, Carl A Morris, Martin A Styner, Kathryn R Wagner
BACKGROUND: Myostatin (Mstn) is a negative regulator of muscle growth whose inhibition promotes muscle growth and regeneration. Dystrophin-deficient mdx mice in which myostatin is knocked out or inhibited postnatally have a less severe phenotype with greater total mass and strength and less fibrosis and fatty replacement of muscles than mdx mice with wild-type myostatin expression. Dogs with golden retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD) have previously been noted to have increased muscle mass and reduced fibrosis after systemic postnatal myostatin inhibition...
April 4, 2016: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906050/the-sh3-and-cysteine-rich-domain-3-stac3-gene-is-important-to-growth-fiber-composition-and-calcium-release-from-the-sarcoplasmic-reticulum-in-postnatal-skeletal-muscle
#18
Xiaofei Cong, Jonathan Doering, Davi A G Mazala, Eva R Chin, Robert W Grange, Honglin Jiang
BACKGROUND: The SH3 and cysteine-rich domain 3 (Stac3) gene is specifically expressed in the skeletal muscle. Stac3 knockout mice die perinatally. In this study, we determined the potential role of Stac3 in postnatal skeletal muscle growth, fiber composition, and contraction by generating conditional Stac3 knockout mice. METHODS: We disrupted the Stac3 gene in 4-week-old male mice using the Flp-FRT and tamoxifen-inducible Cre-loxP systems. RESULTS: RT-qPCR and western blotting analyses of the limb muscles of target mice indicated that nearly all Stac3 mRNA and more than 70 % of STAC3 protein were deleted 4 weeks after tamoxifen injection...
April 11, 2016: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905532/validation-of-plasma-micrornas-as-biomarkers-for-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#19
A Perfetti, S Greco, R Cardani, B Fossati, G Cuomo, R Valaperta, F Ambrogi, A Cortese, A Botta, A Mignarri, M Santoro, C Gaetano, E Costa, M T Dotti, G Silvestri, R Massa, G Meola, F Martelli
Non-invasive and simple to measure biomarkers are still an unmet need for myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). Indeed, muscle biopsies can be extremely informative, but their invasive nature limits their application. Extracellular microRNAs are emerging humoral biomarkers and preliminary studies identified a group of miRNAs that are deregulated in the plasma or serum of small groups of DM1 patients. Here we adopted very stringent selection and normalization criteria to validate or disprove these miRNAs in 103 DM1 patients and 111 matched controls...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904800/cervical-contribution-to-functional-shoulder-impingement-two-case-reports
#20
Steven Pheasant
BACKGROUND: Subacromial impingement is a common condition among overhead athletes. The cause of subacromial impingement can be multifactorial and often involves impaired rotator cuff function. CASE DESCRIPTION: The following cases outline the presentation, examination and intervention of two overhead athletes, a high school football quarterback and a collegiate swimmer, each presenting with signs and symptoms of subacromial impingement. The unique feature in each case was the manifestation of the cervical spine as the apparent source of rotator cuff weakness, which contributed to functional subacromial impingement although other overt signs of cervical or associated nerve root involvement were absent...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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