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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723759/determining-the-relationship-of-kinesiophobia-with-respiratory-functions-and-functional-capacity-in-ankylosing-spondylitis
#1
Göktuğ Er, Ender AngIn
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common inflammatory rheumatic disease that affects the axial skeleton, causes inflammatory lower back pain, and structural and functional disorders, which affect quality of life negatively.The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of kinesiophobia in AS on pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and functional performance.Thirty-one individuals with AS (n = 19 male, n = 12 female) who were suitable on the basis of the Modified New York (MNY) criteria were included in the study...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721837/effects-of-progressive-resistance-training-combined-with-a-protein-enriched-lean-red-meat-diet-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-women-secondary-analysis-of-a-4-month-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Susan J Torres, Sian Robinson, Liliana Orellana, Stella L O'Connell, Carley A Grimes, Niamh L Mundell, David W Dunstan, Caryl A Nowson, Robin M Daly
Resistance training (RT) and increased dietary protein are recommended to attenuate age-related muscle loss in the elderly. This study examined the effect of a lean red meat protein-enriched diet combined with progressive resistance training (RT+Meat) on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in elderly women. In this 4-month cluster randomised controlled trial, 100 women aged 60-90 years (mean 73 years) from self-care retirement villages participated in RT twice a week and were allocated either 160 g/d (cooked) lean red meat consumed across 2 meals/d, 6 d/week or ≥1 serving/d (25-30 g) carbohydrates (control group, CRT)...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721555/the-value-of-physical-performance-measurements-alongside-assessment-of-sarcopenia-in-predicting-receipt-and-completion-of-planned-treatment-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-an-observational-exploratory-study
#3
Jemima T Collins, Simon Noble, John Chester, Helen E Davies, William D Evans, Daniel Farewell, Jason F Lester, Diane Parry, Rebecca Pettit, Anthony Byrne
INTRODUCTION: The presence of muscle mass depletion is associated with poor outcomes and survival in cancer. Alongside muscle mass, assessment of muscle strength or physical performance is essential for the diagnosis of sarcopenia. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a prevalent form of cancer with high mortality, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) is commonly used to assess patients' suitability for treatment. However, a significant proportion of patients with good PS are unable to complete multidisciplinary team (MDT)-planned treatment...
July 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721434/muscle-measures-and-nutritional-status-at-hospital-admission-predict-survival-and-independent-living-of-older-patients-the-empower-study
#4
S Verlaan, J M Van Ancum, V D Pierik, J P Svan Wijngaarden, K Scheerman, C G M Meskers, A B Maier
OBJECTIVES: Older adults with sarcopenia and malnutrition are at risk for co-morbidities, hospitalization, institutionalization, and mortality. In case of hospitalization, risks may be further increased, especially in case of suboptimal dietary intake. The aim of our study was to assess whether muscle mass, muscle strength, functional performance, and nutritional status at hospital admission were associated with survival and independent living among older patients three months after discharge...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721012/comparison-of-neurotoxic-potency-between-a-novel-chinbotulinumtoxina-with-onabotulinumtoxina-incobotulinumtoxina-and-lanbotulinumtoxina-in-rats
#5
Ya Feng, Wuchao Liu, Lizhen Pan, Cong Jiang, Chengxi Zhang, Yuxuan Lu, Zhiyu Nie, Lingjing Jin
Four botulinumtoxin type A (BoNT/A) products, onabotulinumtoxinA (A/Ona), incobotulinumtoxinA (A/Inco), lanbotulinumtoxinA (A/Lan) and chinbotulinumtoxinA (A/Chin), are applied in the present study, among which A/Chin is newly produced. We aimed to compare the neurotoxic potency of these toxins by the gauge of muscle strength reduction. Furthermore, potential molecular and cellular mechanisms were also explored. According to our data, muscle strengths in the four toxin groups were all significantly decreased after injection for 1 week...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720481/knee-extension-and-flexion-strength-asymmetry-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Vitor H F Oliveira, Susana L Wiechmann, Argéria M S Narciso, Rafael Deminice
BACKGROUND: Human Immunodeficiency Virus positive subjects present impairment in muscle function, neural activation, balance, and gait. In other populations, all of these factors have been associated with muscle strength asymmetry. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the existence of muscle strength asymmetry between dominant and non-dominant lower limbs and to determine the hamstrings-to-quadriceps strength ratio in Human Immunodeficiency Virus positive subjects. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 48 subjects were included (22 men and 26 women; mean age 44...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719669/a-whey-protein-based-multi-ingredient-nutritional-supplement-stimulates-gains-in-lean-body-mass-and-strength-in-healthy-older-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Kirsten E Bell, Tim Snijders, Michael Zulyniak, Dinesh Kumbhare, Gianni Parise, Adrian Chabowski, Stuart M Phillips
Protein and other compounds can exert anabolic effects on skeletal muscle, particularly in conjunction with exercise. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of twice daily consumption of a protein-based, multi-ingredient nutritional supplement to increase strength and lean mass independent of, and in combination with, exercise in healthy older men. Forty-nine healthy older men (age: 73 ± 1 years [mean ± SEM]; BMI: 28.5 ± 1.5 kg/m2) were randomly allocated to 20 weeks of twice daily consumption of either a nutritional supplement (SUPP; n = 25; 30 g whey protein, 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717816/prospective-associations-of-low-muscle-mass-and-function-with-10-year-falls-risk-incident-fracture-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#8
S Balogun, T Winzenberg, K Wills, D Scott, G Jones, D Aitken, M L Callisaya
OBJECTIVES: Purpose: To compare the performance of low muscle mass and function with falls risk, incident fracture and mortality over 10 years. METHODS: 1041 participants (50% women; mean age 63±7.5 years) were prospectively followed for 10 years. Falls risk was measured using the Physiological Profile Assessment, fractures were self-reported and mortality was ascertained from the death registry. Appendicular lean mass (ALM) was assessed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717813/cut-off-points-for-muscle-mass-not-grip-strength-or-gait-speed-determine-variations-in-sarcopenia-prevalence
#9
F Masanés, X Rojano I Luque, A Salvà, J A Serra-Rexach, I Artaza, F Formiga, F Cuesta, A López Soto, D Ruiz, A J Cruz-Jentoft
OBJECTIVES: The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) has proposed different methods and cut-off points for the three parameters that define sarcopenia: muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance. Although this facilitates clinical practice, it limits comparability between studies and leads to wide differences in published prevalence rates. The aim of this study was to assess how changes in cut-off points for muscle mass, gait speed and grip strength affected sarcopenia prevalence according to EWGSOP criteria...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717628/does-combined-strength-training-and-local-vibration-improve-isometric-maximum-force-a-pilot-study
#10
Ruben Goebel, Monoem Haddad, Heinz Kleinöder, Zengyuan Yue, Thomas Heinen, Joachim Mester
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine whether a combination of strength training (ST) and local vibration (LV) improved the isometric maximum force of arm flexor muscles. ST was applied to the left arm of the subjects; LV was applied to the right arm of the same subjects. The main aim was to examine the effect of LV during a dumbbell biceps curl (Scott Curl) on isometric maximum force of the opposite muscle among the same subjects. It is hypothesized, that the intervention with LV produces a greater gain in isometric force of the arm flexors than ST...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717378/evaluation-of-shoulder-girdle-strength-more-than-12-month-after-modified-radical-mastectomy-and-axillary-nodes-dissection
#11
Mahdieh Akoochakian, Heidar Ali Davari, Mohammad Hossein Alizadeh, Nader Rahnama
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength is necessary for upper body normal function. Upper extremity function impairments have been reported in breast cancer (BC) survivors. It is not possible to know precisely if cancer adjuvant therapy such as radiation and chemotherapy had any effect on the unaffected arm. The aim of this study was to compare shoulder girdle strength among women with BC and similarly aged women without cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three postmenopausal women (51 ± 6...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715403/improving-strength-power-muscle-aerobic-capacity-and-glucose-tolerance-through-short-term-progressive-strength-training-among-elderly-people
#12
Eva A Andersson, Per Frank, Marjan Pontén, Björn Ekblom, Maria Ekblom, Marcus Moberg, Kent Sahlin
This protocol describes the simultaneous use of a broad span of methods to examine muscle aerobic capacity, glucose tolerance, strength, and power in elderly people performing short-term resistance training (RET). Supervised progressive resistance training for 1 h three times a week over 8 weeks was performed by RET participants (71±1 years, range 65-80). Compared to a control group without training, the RET showed improvements on the measures used to indicate strength, power, glucose tolerance, and several parameters of muscle aerobic capacity...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715374/in-vivo-evaluation-of-the-mechanical-and-viscoelastic-properties-of-the-rat-tongue
#13
Emanuele Loro, Stephen H Wang, Richard J Schwab, Tejvir S Khurana
The tongue is a highly innervated and vascularized muscle hydrostat on the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates. Its primary functions include supporting mastication and deglutition, as well as taste-sensing and phonetics. Accordingly, the strength and volume of the tongue can impact the ability of vertebrates to accomplish basic activities such as feeding, communicating, and breathing. Human patients with sleep apnea have enlarged tongues, characterized by reduced muscle tone and increased intramuscular fat that can be visualized and quantified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715236/effects-of-different-heel-raise-lower-exercise-interventions-on-the-strength-of-plantarflexion-balance-and-gait-parameters-in-stroke-survivors
#14
Seung-Mi Lee, Heon-Seock Cynn, Tae-Lim Yoon, Ji-Hyun Lee
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of Heel-Raise-Lower Exercise (HRLE) interventions on the strength of plantarflexion, balance, and gait parameters in people with stroke. Specifically, this study compared the two different HRLEs to identify whether heels raise-lower with forefoot on a block (HRB) is more effective or ineffective to enhance strength and functional capacities than heels raise-lower on a level floor (HRL) exercise in people with stroke. Repetitive heel raise-lower is a common exercise for improving the strength and power of ankle plantarflexors...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714825/quadriceps-and-patient-reported-function-in-acl-reconstructed-patients-a-principal-component-analysis
#15
Grant E Norte, Jay N Hertel, Susan A Saliba, David R Diduch, Joseph M Hart
CONTEXT: Assessment of physical function for individuals after ACL reconstruction (ACL-R) is complex and warrants the use of diverse evaluation strategies. To maximize the efficiency of assessment, there is a need to identify tests that provide the most meaningful information about this population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate underlying constructs of quadriceps muscle function that uniquely describe aspects of performance in patients after ACL-R, and establish clinical thresholds for measures able to classify patients with and without ACL-R...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714790/the-relationship-between-hip-strength-and-the-y-balance-test
#16
Benjamin R Wilson, Kaley E Robertson, Jeremy M Burnham, Michael C Yonz, Mary Lloyd Ireland, Brian Noehren
CONTEXT: The Y-Balance Test was developed as a test of dynamic postural control and has been shown to be predictive of lower extremity injury. However, the relationship between hip strength and performance on the Y-Balance Test has not been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify the relationship between components of isometric hip strength and the Y-Balance Test, to provide clinicians better guidance as to specific areas of muscle performance to address in the event of poor performance on the Y-Balance Test...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714764/abdominal-hollowing-reduces-lateral-trunk-displacement-during-single-leg-squats-in-healthy-females-but-does-not-affect-peak-hip-abduction-angle-or-knee-abductio-angle-moment
#17
Lukas D Linde, Jessica Archibald, Eve C Lampert, John Z Srbely
CONTEXT: Females suffer 4-6 times more non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries than males due to neuromuscular control deficits of the hip musculature leading to increases in hip adduction angle, knee abduction angle, and knee abduction moment during dynamic tasks such as single-leg squats. Lateral trunk displacement has been further related to ACL injury risk in females, leading to the incorporation of core strength/stability exercises in ACL preventative training programs...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714658/the-effect-of-progressive-shoulder-neck-exercise-on-cervical-muscle-functions-of-middle-aged-and-senior-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
I Hsien Lin, Kwang H Chang, Tsan H Liou, Chih M Tsou, Yi C Huang
BACKGROUNDː Although neck pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder, there is no consensus on suitable exercise methods for middle-aged and senior patients with chronic neck pain. Therefore, this study investigated the effectiveness of a 6-week shoulder-neck exercise intervention program on cervical muscle function improvement in ≥45-year old patients with chronic neck pain. AIM: To evaluated the effects of progressive shoulder-neck exercise on cervical muscle functions of middle-aged and senior patients with chronic neck pain...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713848/evaluation-of-muscle-performance-in-mice-by-treadmill-exhaustion-test-and-whole-limb-grip-strength-assay
#19
Beatriz Castro, Shihuan Kuang
In vivo muscle function testing has become of great interest as primary phenotypic analysis of muscle performance. This protocol provides detailed procedures to perform the treadmill exhaustion test and the whole-limb grip strength assay, two methods commonly used in the neuromuscular research field.
April 20, 2017: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713703/comparative-perfusion-analysis-of-free-muscle-sparing-versus-pedicle-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-tram-flaps-in-vivo-in-the-peri-operative-and-late-post-operative-periods
#20
Richard McNally, Jonathan Rimler, Vincent Laurence, Keyianoosh Z Paydar, Garrett A Wirth
BACKGROUND: Current teaching suggests increased perfusion in free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flaps over pedicled TRAM flaps, broadening indications for its use in high risk patients. This study compared perfusion analysis of free muscle-sparing versus pedicle TRAM flaps in vivo in the peri-operative and late post-operative periods. METHODS: The SPY-Elite system using indocyanine green dye was used to analyze flap perfusion intra-operatively and at 1 week and 3 months post-operatively...
May 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
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