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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734509/global-disability-empowering-children-of-all-abilities
#1
REVIEW
Rebecca J Scharf, Angelina Maphula, Paige C Pullen, Rita Shrestha, Gaynell Paul Matherne, Reeba Roshan, Beena Koshy
Worldwide, children are often not meeting their developmental potential owing to malnutrition, infection, lack of stimulation, and toxic stress. Children with disabilities are more likely to experience poverty, neglect, and abuse, and are less likely to have adequate access to education and medical care. Early childhood developmental stimulation can improve language, learning, and future participation in communities. Therapeutic supports and endeavors to reduce stigma for people of all abilities strengthen communities and allow for human thriving...
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730455/does-professional-experience-save-teeth-a-survey-among-prosthodontists
#2
Shaza Bishti, Julia Lautensack, Jens C Türp, Stefan Wolfart
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of clinical experience and educational background on clinical decision-making of dentists presented with two prosthodontic cases. METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey was performed among 66 prosthodontists who were divided into two groups. The first group included clinicians from Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands covering a wide spectrum of dental experience. The second (specialized) group consisted of German dentists performing their last module of a 3-year postgraduate master program in prosthodontics...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730427/-basic-research-in-ophthalmology-in-germany-and-its-international-context
#3
REVIEW
U Schlötzer-Schrehardt, C Cursiefen
BACKGROUND: Experimental basic research provides the foundations for the elucidation of pathophysiological mechanisms of diseases and the development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for ophthalmological diseases. The objective of this contribution is to provide an overview of the international interconnection of basic research in ophthalmology in Germany. METHODS: The international context of ophthalmological research conducted in Germany is presented by means of personal experiences and data published by the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG), the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the European Union (EU)...
July 20, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728905/perceptions-of-clostridium-difficile-infections-among-infection-control-professionals-in-taiwan
#4
Yuan-Pin Hung, Jen-Chieh Lee, Hsiao-Ju Lin, Chun-Wei Chiu, Jia-Ling Wu, Hsiao-Chieh Liu, I-Hsiu Huang, Pei-Jane Tsai, Wen-Chien Ko
BACKGROUND: High Clostridium difficile colonization and infection rates among hospitalized patients had been noted in Taiwan. Nevertheless, the cognition about clinical diagnosis and management of CDI among infection control professionals in Taiwan is not clear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 24-item survey questionnaire about the diagnosis, therapy, or infection control policies toward CDI was distributed in the annual meeting of the Infectious Disease Society of Taiwan (IDST) in October 2015 and Infectious Control Society of Taiwan (ICST) in April 2016...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726479/motivational-interviewing-and-the-clinical-science-of-carl-rogers
#5
William R Miller, Theresa B Moyers
The clinical method of motivational interviewing (MI) evolved from the person-centered approach of Carl Rogers, maintaining his pioneering commitment to the scientific study of therapeutic processes and outcomes. The development of MI pertains to all 3 of the 125th anniversary themes explored in this special issue. Applications of MI have spread far beyond clinical psychology into fields including health care, rehabilitation, public health, social work, dentistry, corrections, coaching, and education, directly impacting the lives of many people...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725425/letter-to-the-editor-health-professionals-attitudes-toward-individuals-with-eating-disorders-who-do-we-think-they-are
#6
Deborah Lynn Reas, Kjersti Solhaug Gulliksen, Johanna Levallius, Rasmus Isomaa
Health professionals are not immune to stigmatizing attitudes and stereotypes found in society-at-large. Along with patients and their loved ones, treatment providers are important stakeholders - and gatekeepers - in the successful delivery of mental healthcare. Prevailing attitudes among professionals can facilitate timely recognition, enable access to care and uptake of evidence-based practices, or undermine help-seeking and therapeutic engagement. At an interactive activity at the 2016 Nordic Eating Disorders Society (NEDS) meeting, we asked health professionals to describe individuals with eating disorders...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720921/a-team-based-assignment-to-integrate-basic-science-and-pharmacotherapeutic-principles-for-anticancer-agents
#7
Sonali Kurup, Paiboon Jungsuwadee, Prashant Sakharkar
Objective. To implement and evaluate an active-learning, team-based assignment centered on anticancer agents for the integration of basic science and pharmacotherapeutic principles. Methods. Student teams were assigned a specific anticancer agent and were expected to answer a series of questions on the written section of the assignment, followed by a presentation to the class. Each assignment was assessed using a grading rubric that was mapped to the 2013 CAPE educational outcomes. Student perceptions of the assignment were assessed using a short survey...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720417/application-of-plasma-levels-of-olanzapine-and-n-desmethyl-olanzapine-to-monitor-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#8
Mong-Liang Lu, Chun-Hsin Chen, Pei-Ting Kuo, Chia-Hui Lin, Tzu-Hua Wu
Metabolic disturbance is a common side effect of olanzapine (OLZ); however, the relationships between plasma OLZ concentration (COLZ) and metabolic disturbance remain unclear. Our previous study revealed that COLZ≧22.77ng/mL was a positive predictor of therapeutic efficacy in patients with schizophrenia. This study aimed to investigate the roles of OLZ or N-desmethyl-olanzapine (DMO) in metabolic outcomes among OLZ-treated patients with schizophrenia. The metabolic syndrome (MS) was diagnosed based on the modified the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria for Asians...
July 15, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718998/disconnected-lives-women-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-conflict-with-the-law
#9
Kathryn Ann Levine, Jocelyn Proulx, Karen Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Women with intellectual/developmental disabilities in conflict with the law experience childhood trauma, substance abuse and intimate partner violence but continue to have difficulty accessing appropriate therapeutic services, both within correctional settings and upon discharge. The aim of this study is to explore women's service needs and to critically assess whether the available services are meeting their identified needs. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 women with intellectual/developmental disabilities who were in the Special Needs Unit of a women's correctional centre from December 2014 to March 2015...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717335/evaluation-of-therapeutic-effectiveness-of-prescribed-medications-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-findings-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-lahore-pakistan
#10
Bareera Rana, Allah Bukhsh, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Ammar Sarwar, Muhammad Ovais Omer, Shazia Qasim Jamshed
AIM: The present study was aimed to highlight the current prescribing pattern of oral hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus and to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of these therapeutic categories in achieving target glycemic control. METHODS: This is a prospective, cross-sectional, observational study of 6 months' duration conducted in a tertiary care hospital of Lahore, Pakistan. RESULTS: The current research recruited 145 patients presented in diabetes management center of a tertiary care hospital in Lahore, Pakistan...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711287/in-vivo-experience-with-poem-an-essential-activity-for-developing-the-technique-in-humans
#11
A Peñaloza-Ramírez, J Suárez-Correa, J Báez-Blanco, C Sabogal-Gómez, H Kuan-Casas, C Sánchez-Pignalosa, P Aponte-Ordóñez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Achalasia is the most widely studied esophageal motility disorder. No treatment has achieved completely satisfactory results. The laparoscopic Heller esophagomyotomy is currently the most accepted technique. With the advent of minimally invasive surgery, the appearance of peroral endoscopic submucosal myotomy (POEM) has promising results. The primary aim of our study was to perform peroral endoscopic esophagomyotomy in animal experimentation models to perfect the technique and later apply it to humans...
July 12, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708218/microbial-characteristics-of-posttraumatic-infective-keratitis
#12
Blanche X Lim, Victor T C Koh, Manotosh Ray
PURPOSE: To determine the demographics, risk factors, clinical and microbiological characteristics, and treatment outcome of posttraumatic infective keratitis. METHODS: Consecutive patients with posttraumatic infective keratitis presenting to the Ophthalmology Department of a tertiary referral hospital in Singapore between March 2012 and March 2016 were prospectively identified. A standardized data collection form was used to document patient demographics, microbiological diagnosis, antibiotic sensitivity, and pretreatment and posttreatment ocular characteristics...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707314/nodular-lymphocyte-predominant-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-in-daily-practice-a-multicenter-experience
#13
Aliihsan Gemici, Ismet Aydogdu, Hatice Terzi, Mehmet Sencan, Alma Aslan, Ali Hakan Kaya, Mehmet Sinan Dal, Meltem Olga Akay, Mehmet Hilmi Dogu, Orhan Ayyildiz, Fahri Sahin, Gulsum Akgun Cagliyan, Mehmet Yilmaz, Zafer Gokgoz, Yusuf Bilen, Cengiz Demir, Omur Gokmen Sevindik, Serdal Korkmaz, Bulent Eser, Fevzi Altuntas
Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin's lymphoma (NLPHL) is a rare subtype of Hodgkin's lymphoma. In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical features and therapeutic outcomes of patients with NLPHL who were diagnosed at different institutes in Turkey. We retrospectively reviewed the records of the patients diagnosed with NLPHL. Adult patients who were diagnosed after 2005 with histological confirmation were selected for the study. Forty-three patients were included in the study. Median age of patients was 37...
July 14, 2017: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706169/-the-effect-of-a-movie-based-nursing-intervention-program-on-rehabilitation-motivation-and-depression-in-stroke-patients
#14
Hye Kyung Kwon, Sook Ja Lee
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to develop and measure the effect of a movie-based-nursing intervention program designed to enhance motivation for rehabilitation and reduce depression levels in stroke patients. METHODS: The study used a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group and a pretest-posttest design. The 60 research subjects were assigned to the experimental (n=30) or control group (n=30). The moviebased nursing intervention program was provided for the experimental group during 60-minute sessions held once per week for 10 weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704228/patient-attitudes-to-clozapine-initiation
#15
Siobhan H Gee, Sukhwinder S Shergill, David M Taylor
Clozapine is widely underused. No study has assessed views of patients suitable for, but not yet receiving, clozapine. We aimed to assess views of clozapine in patients eligible for clozapine but not yet prescribed it by conducting semistructured interviews with acutely unwell hospital in-patients. We interviewed 61 of 116 eligible patients and 50 (82%) answered all questions. At interview, 33 (54%) of 61 participants had heard of clozapine and 17 (30%) of 57 participants said they would take it if asked. Overall, 31 (57%) of 54 respondents said blood testing would not preclude them taking clozapine...
July 12, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702091/educ-dom-comparative-study-of-the-telemonitoring-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-versus-standard-monitoring-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Marie-Christine Turnin, Solène Schirr-Bonnans, Jacques Martini, Jean-Christophe Buisson, Soumia Taoui, Marie-Christine Chauchard, Nadège Costa, Benoît Lepage, Laurent Molinier, Hélène Hanaire
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of type 2 diabetes is considerable. To avoid or delay its chronic complications, patients with type 2 diabetes should improve blood glucose management by adapting their life style. This involves changing the way in which diabetes is controlled. We believe that, thanks to technological innovations in connected health-monitoring devices, the telemonitoring of type 2 diabetes patients using therapeutic educational tools is likely to help them adapt their treatment and lifestyle habits, and therefore improve blood glucose management...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701252/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-case-discussion
#17
Meghan K Felton, Brian Bautista, Lee E Morrow, Mark Malesker
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe the case of a 68-year-old man who was treated for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a chronic and fatal lung disease that is characterized by progressive deterioration of pulmonary function. He was initially prescribed pirfenidone and developed significant gastric distress. The treatment was transitioned to nintedanib. This article will provide the pharmacist with a therapeutic overview of IPF, as well as review the unique process involved with drug acquisition, dosing, patient education, and monitoring of pirfenidone and nintedanib...
July 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700290/lower-risk-cannabis-use-guidelines-a-comprehensive-update-of-evidence-and-recommendations
#18
Benedikt Fischer, Cayley Russell, Pamela Sabioni, Wim van den Brink, Bernard Le Foll, Wayne Hall, Jürgen Rehm, Robin Room
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use is common in North America, especially among young people, and is associated with a risk of various acute and chronic adverse health outcomes. Cannabis control regimes are evolving, for example toward a national legalization policy in Canada, with the aim to improve public health, and thus require evidence-based interventions. As cannabis-related health outcomes may be influenced by behaviors that are modifiable by the user, evidence-based Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines (LRCUG)-akin to similar guidelines in other health fields-offer a valuable, targeted prevention tool to improve public health outcomes...
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700051/pharmacotherapeutic-follow-up-of-patients-with-chagas-disease-using-benznidazole-drug-related-problems-and-pharmaceutical-interventions
#19
João Paulo Ramalho Correia, Alanna Carla da Costa, Eduardo Arrais Rocha, Ana Rosa Pinto Quidute, Darlan da Silva Cândido, Ângela Maria de Souza Ponciano, Marta Maria de França Fonteles, Maria de Fátima Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Benznidazole (BNZ) is a drug available for the etiological treatment of Chagas disease. However, this drug is toxic and has a limited effectiveness on the chronic phase of this disease, often leading to poor treatment adherence. METHODS: This is a descriptive and exploratory study conducted at the Pharmaceutical Care Service for Chagas disease patients of the Federal University of Ceará. Drug-related problems (DRPs) and pharmaceutical interventions (PIs) were classified according to the Second Consensus of Granada...
May 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700038/eclectic-approach-to-anxiety-disorders-among-rural-children
#20
Atefeh Ahmadi, Mohamed Sharif Mustaffa, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Syed Mohamed Shafeq Mansor
Introduction: Anxiety disorders in primary school-aged children negatively affect their mental health and psychological development. Available non-medical treatments for these conditions are time-consuming and expensive. In this context, eclectic therapy is a therapeutic approach that incorporates some therapeutic techniques and philosophies to create the ideal treatment. In this study, eclectic therapy consisted of art therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy designed for children suffering from high level of anxiety in their middle childhood years...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
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