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social pediatrics nursing

Paola Friedrich, Catherine G Lam, Geetinder Kaur, Elena Itriago, Raul C Ribeiro, Ramandeep S Arora
BACKGROUND: Understanding and addressing treatment abandonment (TxA) is crucial for bridging the pediatric cancer survival gap between high-income (HIC) and low-and middle-income countries (LMC). In childhood cancer, TxA is defined as failure to start or complete curative cancer therapy and known to be a complex phenomenon. With rising interest on causes and consequences of TxA in LMC, this study aimed to establish the lay-of-the-land regarding determinants of TxA globally, perform and promote comparative research, and raise awareness on this subject...
2016: PloS One
Mojca Juričič, Polonca Truden Dobrin, Sonja Paulin, Margareta Seher Zupančič, Nataša Bratina
Slovenia's health system is financed by a Bismarckian type of social insurance system with a single insurer for a statutory health insurance, which is fully regulated by national legislation and administered by the Health Insurance Institute of Slovenia. The health insurance system is mandatory, providing almost universal coverage (98.5% of the population). Children and adolescents have the right to compulsory health insurance as family members of an insured person until the end of their regular education. Slovenia has a lower number of physicians per capita than both the European Union and the Central and Eastern Europe countries...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Alexander Baranov, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, Valeriy Albitskiy, Natalia Ustinova, Rimma Terletskaya, Olga Komarova
We present a historical and analytical overview of the Russian child health care system describing strengths and challenges of the system. Main indicators of social environment and children's health, general demographics, and socioeconomic factors of Russia are described. The Russian health care system has preserved positive elements of the former Soviet model of pediatric care. However, beginning in 1991, it has been altered greatly in its funding and management. The child health care system is composed of a special network of outpatient and inpatient facilities...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Hector E James
OBJECTIVE The author describes the creation, structuring, and development of a pediatric neurosurgery telemedicine clinic (TMC) to provide telehealth across geographical, time, social, and cultural barriers. METHODS In July 2009 the University of Florida (UF) Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery received a request from the Southeast Georgia Health District (Area 9-2) to provide a TMC to meet regional needs. The Children's Medical Services (CMS) of the State of Georgia installed telemedicine equipment and site-to-site connectivity...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
J Kelly Graves, Christopher Hodge, Eufemia Jacob
The relationships among depression, anxiety, and quality of life were tested, as were the effects of age, gender, and pain frequency on these variables in children (n = 44) and adolescents (n = 31) with sickle cell disease. Participants completed the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (ROADS) and the Pediatric Quality of Life (PedQL Generic Model). The mean and standard deviation for summary RCADS scores for the majority of participants were below the clinical thresholds of T < 65, indicating low risk for depression (n = 65; 89...
May 2016: Pediatric Nursing
Kara J Thieleman, Cara Wallace, Andrea N Cimino, Heidi A Rueda
The death of a child may have a profound impact on parents, family members, and health care providers who provided care for the child. Unique challenges are faced by parents of seriously ill children as they must serve as the legal authority for health care decisions of children under age 18, although the child's wishes must also be considered. Social workers must balance core social work values, bioethical values, and psychosocial issues presented by such situations. While studies have been conducted with physicians and nurses regarding ethical issues in pediatric end-of-life care settings, little is known about how social workers experience these conflicts...
July 2016: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
Katherine W Follansbee-Junger, Krista A Mann, Shanna M Guilfoyle, Diego A Morita, James W Varni, Avani C Modi
UNLABELLED: Youth with epilepsy have impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Existing epilepsy-specific HRQOL measures are limited by not having parallel self- and parent-proxy versions, having a restricted age range, not being inclusive of children with developmental disabilities, or being too lengthy for use in a clinical setting. Generic HRQOL measures do not adequately capture the idiosyncrasies of epilepsy. The purpose of the present study was to develop items and content validity for the PedsQL™ Epilepsy Module...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Detlef Bongartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Kinderkrankenschwester: Organ der Sektion Kinderkrankenpflege
Priscilla Caetano Guerra, Nilton Ferraro Oliveira, Maria Teresa de Sande E Lemos Ramos Ascensão Terreri, Claudio Arnaldo Len
OBJECTIVE: To assess sleep, quality of life and mood of nursing professionals of pediatric intensive care units. METHOD: Quantitative, cross-sectional and descriptive study. Professionals grouped by morning, afternoon and evening shifts were assessed by means of the instruments: Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; Epworth Sleepiness Scale; Generic questionnaire for the assessment of quality of life (SF-36); Beck Depression Inventory; Beck Anxiety Inventory; State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
April 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Sebastian Felix Nepomuk Bode, Marianne Giesler, Andrea Heinzmann, Marcus Krüger, Christine Straub
Interprofessional education (IPE) is the basis for interprofessional collaboration (IPC) in health care systems. It has beneficial effects for both patients and health care professionals. IPC is paramount for adequate care of patients and their families, especially in pediatrics. To determine the attitudes of medical doctors (n=121), nurses (n=15), psychologists (n=14), and social workers (n=19) toward IPE and IPC in a tertiary pediatric university teaching hospital, as well as the inpatient and outpatient settings in pediatrics, we developed a questionnaire with 21 items in four categories based on established questionnaires...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
F-C Yang, F Jong Shih, M-H Hsieh, S-S Wang, F Jin Shih
BACKGROUND: This study explored caring difficulties and the reliable coping strategies for pediatric organ transplant recipients (POTR) and their families during their dark recovery experiences (DRE) in the hospital from the perspectives of Taiwan organ transplant health professionals (OTHP) in Taiwan. METHODS: A qualitative design was used with a purposive sample of OT surgeons (OTS) and nurses. Data were collected by face-to-face in-depth interviews and analyzed by content analysis...
April 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
P Sauvegrain, R Rico-Berrocal, J Zeitlin
OBJECTIVE: In Seine-Saint-Denis, stillbirth and infant mortality rates are markedly higher than in other French departments. Before implementing an audit on stillbirths and neonatal deaths in 2014, we carried out a Delphi consensus process with healthcare providers to generate research hypotheses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Delphi process in 3 questionnaires was conducted in 2013 with 32 healthcare providers (pediatricians, obstetricians, general practitioners, midwives, social workers, psychologists, pediatric nurses) and user representatives...
May 18, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Kayce Shealy, Sarah Wagner, Jennifer Clements, Ashley Pugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: Journal of the South Carolina Medical Association
Mary R Robinson, Mary Martha Thiel, Kezia Shirkey, David Zurakowski, Elaine C Meyer
BACKGROUND: Provision of spiritual/religious (S/R) care has been associated with improvements in patient care, patient-provider relationships, and resource utilization. Clinicians identify a lack of training in S/R care as the primary impediment. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of one-day, simulation-based workshops to prepare interprofessional clinicians to function as capable, confident, and ethical spiritual care generalists. METHODS: Interprofessional practitioners (physicians, nurses, social workers, psychologists, child life specialists) in a quaternary care academic pediatric hospital participated in daylong Spiritual Generalist workshops utilizing professional actors to learn requisite spiritual generalist skills...
August 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Diane E Holland, Catherine E Vanderboom, Adriana M Delgado, Marianne E Weiss, Karen A Monsen
PURPOSE: Although discharge planning (DP) is recognized as a critical component of hospital care, national initiatives have focused on older adults, with limited focus on pediatric patients. We aimed to describe patient problems and targeted interventions as documented by social workers or DP nurses providing specialized DP services in a children's hospital. METHODS: Text from 67 clinical notes for 28 patients was mapped to a standardized terminology (Omaha System)...
May 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Alice Faure, Matthieu Peycelon, Pauline Lallemant, Georges Audry, Veronique Forin
PURPOSE: To describe the acceptance and efficacy of clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) in the management of lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction regardless of the age of the children and their degree of urethral sensation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated boys managed with CIC at a pediatric teaching hospital between 1992 and 2014. Age, urethral sensation, acceptance, efficacy in terms of continence and preserving upper urinary tract and genitourinary complications were reviewed in the medical records...
March 2016: Urology Journal
Tina Kovacs Vogel, Manal Kleib, Sandra J Davidson, Shannon D Scott
BACKGROUND: Parents often turn to the Internet to seek health information about their child's diagnosis and condition. Information, support, and resources regarding pediatric neurosurgery are scarce, hard to find, and difficult to comprehend. To address this gap, a pediatric nurse practitioner designed a website called the Neurosurgery Kids Fund (NKF). Analyzing the legitimacy of the NKF website for parents seeking health information and fulfilling their social and resource needs is critical to the website's future development and success...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Travis P Vesel, Bridget C O'Brien, Duncan M Henry, Sandrijn M van Schaik
UNLABELLED: Phenomenon: Based on recently formulated interprofessional core competencies, physicians are expected to incorporate feedback from other healthcare professionals. Based on social identity theory, physicians likely differentiate between feedback from members of their own profession and others. The current study examined residents' experiences with, and perceptions of, interprofessional feedback. APPROACH: In 2013, Anesthesia, Obstetrics-Gynecology, Pediatrics, and Psychiatry residents completed a survey including questions about frequency of feedback from different professionals and its perceived value (5-point scale)...
2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Michelle M Kelly
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children and adolescents with chronic health conditions is a multifactorial concept that combines a child's perception and adaptation to physical, social, emotional, and school environments regardless of particular medical diagnosis. Children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience non-kidney specific co-morbidities, including depression, body image alterations, and sleep disturbance, that impair their daily lives. This article reviews the pediatric nephrology literature to highlight the evidence identifying these riskr to HRQOL and suggesting ways in which nurses in both nephrology and primary care are poised to identify and modify these risk factors...
January 2016: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
Sara Kennedy, Cindy Richards
Children with end stage renal disease (ESRD) frequently miss great amounts of school due to hospitalizations and three-times-a week hemodialysis (if that is their modality); thus, they miss opportunities to be with their peers and learn normal social interactions with other students. Because of this lack of normal socialization, many children with ESRD are behind in development in contrast to their peers and need opportunities to enhance their growth and development. One way this can occur for children with ESRD is by providing them opportunities to attend age-appropriate and disease-appropriate camps...
January 2016: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
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