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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186650/-survey-of-secondary-school-students-18-years-old-or-older-about-knowledge-on-risks-to-the-fetus-related-to-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy
#1
Valeria Traverso, Roberta Da Rin Della Mora
INTRODUCTION:  Being not perceived as risky for health, alcohol consumption is socially accepted worldwide. Nevertheless, related risks for the fetus are relevant, even for occasional use. In Italy there is a high consumption of alcohol among young people and pregnant women, and an increasing number of children born with alcohol-related disorders. AIM: To investigate the knowledge on fetal alcohol-related disorders among students over 18 years of age in a regional capital in the North of Italy...
July 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175690/human-trafficking-education-for-nurse-practitioners-integration-into-standard-curriculum
#2
Rebecca M Lutz
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a crime resulting in serious negative health outcomes for the victims. To provide optimal care, thus improving health outcomes, healthcare providers must be able to identify victims as they seek care for acute and chronic physical illness, communicable diseases, sexually transmitted infections, and mental health disorders (Lederer and Wetzel, 2014; Oram et al., 2012). Unfortunately, healthcare providers lack appropriate knowledge of clues that would lead to victim identification...
November 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117847/the-impact-of-school-visits-on-siblings-of-children-with-cancer
#3
Isabelle Sjoberg, Jason D Pole, Marilyn Cassidy, Claudette Boilard, Sharon Costantini, Donna L Johnston
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer affects the entire family. Siblings experience similar stress to that of the ill child, including anger, depression, jealousy, guilt, and social isolation. School reentry programs are shown to be positive interventions for patients, it is hypothesized that similar outcomes exist for siblings. OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility of studying the impact of the Ontario Oncology Nurse School Visitation Program on the well-being and school adjustment of siblings of pediatric cancer patients...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103732/the-influence-of-context-on-utilizing-research-evidence-for-pain-management-in-jordanian-pediatric-intensive-care-units-picu
#4
Ahmad Ismail, Janet Squires, Paula Forgeron, Viola Polomeno, Huda Gharaibeh, Denise Harrison
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain a beginning understanding of the contextual factors that influence the use of research for pain management in Jordanian Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs). DESIGN AND METHODS: A paper or online questionnaire was used to collect data on instrumental research use (IRU) and conceptual research use (CRU) and ten contextual variables from 73 registered nurses working in four Jordanian PICUs. The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was used to test the relationship between continuous (demographic and contextual) factors and IRU and CRU...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065810/teaching-health-care-trainees-empathy-and-homelessness-iq-through-service-learning-reflective-practice-and-altruistic-attribution
#5
Leanne Chrisman-Khawam, Neelab Abdullah, Arjun Dhoopar
This article describes a novel inter-professional curriculum designed to address the needs of homeless patients in a Midwestern region of the United States which has high rates of poverty. The curriculum is intended for healthcare trainees coming from undergraduate pre-medical programs, nursing, pharmacy, social work, clinical psychology, medical school and post-graduate medical training in family medicine, medicine-pediatrics, and psychiatry. The clinical component is specifically designed to reach destitute patients and the curriculum is structured to reverse commonly held myths about homelessness among the trainees, thereby improving their Homelessness Information Quotient, the ability to more fully understand homelessness...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038132/provider-perspectives-of-high-quality-pediatric-hospital-to-home-transitions-for-children-and-youth-with-chronic-disease
#6
Carolyn C Foster, Elizabeth Jacob-Files, Kimberly C Arthur, Stephanie A Hillman, Todd C Edwards, Rita Mangione-Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe health care providers' and hospital administrators' perspectives on how to improve pediatric hospital-to-home transitions for children and youth with chronic disease (CYCD). METHODS: Focus groups and key informant interviews of inpatient attending physicians, primary care physicians, pediatric residents, nurses, care coordinators, and social workers were conducted at a tertiary care children's hospital. Key informant interviews were performed with hospital administrators...
November 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031700/cost-benefit-of-comprehensive-primary-and-preventive-school-based-health-care
#7
William V Padula, Katherine A Connor, Josiah M Mueller, Jonathan C Hong, Gabriela Calderon Velazquez, Sara B Johnson
INTRODUCTION: The Rales Health Center is a comprehensive school-based health center at an urban elementary/middle school. Rales Health Center provides a full range of pediatric services using an enriched staffing model consisting of pediatrician, nurse practitioner, registered nurses, and medical office assistant. This staffing model provides greater care but costs more than traditional school-based health centers staffed by part-time nurses. The objective was to analyze the cost benefit of Rales Health Center enhanced staffing model compared with a traditional school-based health center (standard care), focusing on asthma care, which is among the most prevalent chronic conditions of childhood...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950047/-it-s-not-who-i-am-children-s-experiences-of-growing-up-with-a-long-term-condition-in-england-australia-and-new-zealand
#8
Bernie Carter, Karen Ford, Lucy Bray, Tineke Water, Janine Arnott, Cassandra Tichanow, Annette Dickinson
PURPOSE: Most studies of growing up with a long-term condition focus on older children and adolescents and are condition-specific. Relatively few studies address the experiences of children in middle childhood or consider their experience across a range of conditions, countries, and health settings. This study aimed to explore children's perceptions and understandings of how their lives are shaped (or not) by a long-term condition and its associated management. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative, participatory methodology using autodriven photoelicitation interviews (PEIs) with 45 purposively recruited children (6-12 years) with long-term conditions (e...
September 26, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888496/-mission-impossible-the-mothering-of-a-child-with-type-1-diabetes-from-the-perspective-of-mothers-experiencing-burnout
#9
Caisa Lindström, Jan Åman, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Maria Forssberg, Agneta Anderzén-Carlsson
PURPOSE: To explore how mothers experiencing burnout describe their mothering of a child with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), with a focus on their experienced need for control and self-esteem. METHODS: This study used a qualitative, descriptive design and aimed to reveal the experience of mothering a child with diabetes when experiencing burnout. Twenty-one mothers of children with T1DM who were experiencing burnout participated in this study. Data were collected via semi-structured interviews, and content analysis was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888348/nursing-across-the-lifespan-implications-of-lifecourse-theory-for-nursing-research
#10
Randi A Bates, Lisa M Blair, Emma C Schlegel, Colleen M McGovern, Marliese Dion Nist, Stephanie Sealschott, Kimberly Arcoleo
Despite the lifecourse focus of nursing clinical care, nursing research largely remains cross-sectional or process-oriented within silos determined by patient characteristics such as age, acuity, or disease process. Incorporating interdisciplinary lifecourse theory into pediatric nursing research provides the opportunity to expand nursing theories and research beyond practice, age, and disease silos. One such theory is the Lifecourse Health Development (LCHD) framework. LCHD takes a more expansive view of health development from preconception through old age based on the premise that health is a consequence of transactions between genetic, biological, behavioral, social, and economic contexts that change as a child develops over time (Halfon & Hochstein, 2002)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882650/does-access-to-green-space-impact-the-mental-well-being-of-children-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Rachel McCormick
PROBLEM: An increasing body of research is showing associations between green space and overall health. Children are spending more time indoors while pediatric mental and behavioral health problems are increasing. A systematic review of the literature was done to examine the association between access to green space and the mental well-being of children. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Articles were limited to English language, ages 0-18 years, and publish date 2012-2017...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859246/systematic-review-of-cyberbullying-interventions-for-youth-and-parents-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#12
Elizabeth Hutson, Stephanie Kelly, Lisa K Militello
BACKGROUND: Cyberbullying is a new risk factor for the well-being of pediatric populations. Consequences of cyberbullying include both physical and mental health concerns such as depression, anxiety, and somatic concerns. Adolescents who have been victims of cyberbullying and developed secondary symptoms are often recommended to visit a healthcare provider to obtain effective, evidence-based treatment. To date, no interventions exist in the healthcare setting for adolescents who are victims of cyberbullying...
August 31, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840947/the-conceptualization-of-childhood-in-north-american-pediatric-dentistry-texts-a-discursive-case-study-analysis
#13
Nora Makansi, Franco A Carnevale, Mary Ellen Macdonald
BACKGROUND: In recent year, conceptions of childhood have been evolving towards an increased recognition of children as active agents, capable of participating in the determination of their wellbeing. In pediatric dentistry, the extent to which these conceptions are being discursively endorsed is not well known. AIM: The aim of this investigation was to examine the discursive construction of childhood in seminal North American pedagogical dentistry materials. DESIGN: We conducted a qualitative discourse analysis of a sample of prominent texts using a sociological discourse analysis approach...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826329/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-among-muslim-nurses-caring-for-chronically-ill-children-in-a-turkish-hospital
#14
Neslihan Partlak Günüşen, Marian Wilson, Burcu Aksoy
PURPOSE: This study investigated secondary traumatic stress and its relationship to burnout among nurses working at a Turkish hospital. DESIGN: A mixed-methods design included a cross-sectional survey administering the Professional Quality of Life instrument and Maslach Burnout Inventory to 106 nurses. Interviews with a subgroup of eight participants explored nurses' experiences and coping strategies related to caring for chronically ill pediatric patients. RESULTS: High risk levels of secondary traumatic stress existed among 40...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816808/influences-on-infant-feeding-perceptions-of-mother-father-parent-dyads
#15
Wilson Majee, Matthew J Thullen, Alexandra N Davis, Tarunjot K Sethi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine interrelational-, organizational-, and community-level influences on how coparents collaborate about infant and toddler feeding. STUDY DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Using qualitative methods, we interviewed mother-father parent dyads to explore the potential influences on infant and toddler feeding. Participants were purposively recruited from two Midwest, rural, university-system pediatric clinics. Thematic analysis was used to code the data...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811057/an-integrative-review-of-social-determinants-of-health-assessment-and-screening-tools-used-in-pediatrics
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer Morone
PROBLEM: Social and physical contexts which make up social determinants of health (SDOH) have tremendous impacts on youth development, health and well-being. Despite knowledge and evidence of these impacts, few pediatric SDOH screening tools are known. The purpose of this review was to identify and evaluate available pediatric SDOH screening tools. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Articles were limited to studies in the English language, with pediatric populations, conducted in the United States, and were peer-reviewed, primary studies...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710700/enhancing-state-medical-home-capacity-through-a-care-coordination-technical-assistance-model
#17
Susan Berry, Patti Barovechio, Emily Mabile, Tri Tran
Introduction A practice-based care coordination (CC) model was developed by Louisiana's Title V Children's Special Health Services (CSHS) program to meet the overwhelming needs of the New Orleans post-Katrina population. The pilot clinic demonstrated an improvement in medical home (MH) capacity over the course of 3 months. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the replicability of the model and sustainability of MH improvement over at least 2 years, while identifying factors that may modify the effect of the intervention...
October 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706729/a-retrospective-review-of-the-pediatric-development-clinic-implementation-a-model-to-improve-medical-nutritional-and-developmental-outcomes-of-at-risk-under-five-children-in-rural-rwanda
#18
Eric Ngabireyimana, Christine Mutaganzwa, Catherine M Kirk, Ann C Miller, Kim Wilson, Evodia Dushimimana, Olivier Bigirumwami, Evelyne S Mukakabano, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Hema Magge
BACKGROUND: As more high-risk newborns survive the neonatal period, they remain at significant medical, nutritional, and developmental risk. However, no follow-up system for early intervention exists in most developing countries. In 2014, a novel Pediatric Development Clinic (PDC) was implemented to provide comprehensive follow-up to at-risk under-five children, led by nurses and social workers in a district hospital and surrounding health centers in rural Rwanda. METHODS: At each PDC visit, children undergo clinical/nutritional assessment and caregivers participate in counseling sessions...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699997/accuracy-of-a-pediatric-early-warning-score-in-the-recognition-of-clinical-deterioration
#19
Juliana de Oliveira Freitas Miranda, Climene Laura de Camargo, Carlito Lopes Nascimento, Daniel Sales Portela, Alan Monaghan
Objective: to evaluate the accuracy of the version of the Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score translated and adapted for the Brazilian context, in the recognition of clinical deterioration. Method: a diagnostic test study to measure the accuracy of the Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score for the Brazilian context, in relation to a reference standard. The sample consisted of 271 children, aged 0 to 10 years, blindly evaluated by a nurse and a physician, specialists in pediatrics, with interval of 5 to 10 minutes between the evaluations, for the application of the Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score for the Brazilian context and of the reference standard...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683888/intersecting-health-policy-and-the-social-determinants-of-health-in-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-management-and-care
#20
REVIEW
Sanja Visekruna, Linda McGillis Hall, Monica Parry, Karen Spalding
THEORETICAL PRINCIPLES: Type 1 diabetes health technologies are evolving. This is an expensive chronic condition to manage, hence a combination of public and private healthcare funding sources, as well as out-of-pocket payments support disease management. The aim of this paper is to describe two conceptual underpinnings, which can appropriately position the health policy and clinical context of pediatric type 1 diabetes management and care. PHENOMENA ADDRESSED: "The Main Determinants of Health" framework is used to position pediatric T1D management and care within the model's four interconnected layers: the structural environment, social and material conditions, support systems and individual health behaviors...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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