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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321351/bilateral-birdshot-retinochoroiditis-and-retinal-astrocytoma
#1
Sunil Mamtora, Yun Wong, Dugald Bell, Teresa Sandinha
Background. This case highlights the importance of recognising multiple pathologies within the eye which may not necessarily be linked. Both birdshot retinochoroiditis and astrocytoma are rare conditions. The case underlines the need for early identification and treatment of birdshot retinochoroiditis with steroids and disease modifying drugs. Astrocytoma in the absence of tuberous sclerosis is also uncommon. Case Presentation. A 36-year-old male presented with 3-month history of bilateral progressive flashing lights and floaters...
2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291162/acute-bilateral-retinal-vasculitis-revealing-a-serotonin-secreting-neuroendocrine-neoplasm
#2
Grégory Pugnet, Vincent Soler, Léonardo Astudillo, Vincent Gualino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283043/birmingham-beh%C3%A3-et-s-service-classification-of-disease-and-application-of-the-2014-international-criteria-for-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-icbd-to-a-uk-cohort
#3
Tim Blake, Luke Pickup, David Carruthers, Erika Marie Damato, Alastair Denniston, John Hamburger, Claire Maxton, Debbie Mitton, Philip I Murray, Peter Nightingale, Ana Poveda-Gallego, Andrea Richards, Andrew Whallett, Deva Situnayake
BACKGROUND: This study reports on the analysis of the application and diagnostic predictability of the revised 2014 ICBD criteria in an unselected cohort of UK patients, and the ensuing organ associations and patterns of disease. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a database of electronic medical records. Three categories were recognised: clinically defined BD, incomplete BD and rejected diagnoses of BD. We applied the ISG 1990 and ICBD 2014 classification criteria to these subgroups to validate diagnostic accuracy against the multidisciplinary assessment...
March 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279837/relevance-of-diagnostic-investigations-in-patients-with-uveitis-retrospective-cohort-study-on-300-patients
#4
REVIEW
Jérôme Hadjadj, Agnès Dechartres, Thibaut Chapron, Manal Assala, Sawsen Salah, Bertrand Dunogué, Lucile Musset, Bruno Baudin, Matthieu Groh, Philippe Blanche, Luc Mouthon, Dominique Monnet, Claire Le Jeunne, Antoine Brézin, Benjamin Terrier
OBJECTIVE: The diagnostic workup of uveitis is a challenge due to the wide range of diagnoses and the lack of a well-codified diagnostic procedure. We aimed to evaluate the relevance of diagnostic investigations for the etiological diagnosis of uveitis. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients referred for etiological diagnosis of uveitis. Uveitis related to ophthalmological diseases or occurring during the course of previously diagnosed diseases were not included...
March 7, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263735/clinical-outcome-of-retinal-vasculitis-and-predictors-for-prognosis-of-ischemic-retinal-vasculitis
#5
Lazha Sharief, Sue Lightman, Tamar Blum-Hareuveni, Asaf Bar, Oren Tomkins-Netzer
PURPOSE: To determine factors affecting the visual outcome in eyes with retinal vasculitis and the rate of neovascularisation relapse in ischemic vasculitis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study METHODS: We reviewed 1169 uveitis patients from Moorfields Eye Hospital, UK. Retinal vasculitis was observed in 236 eyes (121 ischemic, 115 non- ischemic) that were compared to a control group (1022 eyes) with no retinal vasculitis. Ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography images were obtained in 63 eyes with ischemic vasculitis to quantify area of nonperfusion measured as ischemic index...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214101/endophthalmitis-reduction-with-intracameral-moxifloxacin-prophylaxis-analysis-of-600%C3%A2-000-surgeries
#6
Aravind Haripriya, David F Chang, Ravilla D Ravindran
PURPOSE: To compare the postoperative endophthalmitis rate before and after initiation of intracameral (IC) moxifloxacin prophylaxis for both phacoemulsification and sutureless, manual small-incision cataract surgery (M-SICS), as well as in patients with posterior capsular rupture (PCR). DESIGN: Retrospective, clinical registry. PARTICIPANTS: All cataract surgeries (617 453) performed during the 29-month period from January 2014 to May 2016 at the 10 regional Aravind eye hospitals were included...
February 14, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203197/a-case-of-syphilitic-uveitis-in-which-vitreous-surgery-was-useful-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment
#7
Takatoshi Kobayashi, Chihiro Katsumura, Hiromi Shoda, Nanae Takai, Sayako Takeda, Takako Okamoto, Koichi Maruyama, Rei Tada, Kensuke Tajiri, Teruyo Kida, Tsunehiko Ikeda
PURPOSE: To report a case of atypical syphilitic uveitis complicated with retinal vasculitis, proliferative retinopathy, and vitreous hemorrhage in which vitreous surgery was useful for the diagnosis and treatment. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old female was referred to our hospital after noticing visual disturbance in her right eye. Fundoscopy examination of that eye revealed retinal phlebitis accompanied by retinal hemorrhage and soft exudate, and remarkable exudative changes in the retinal vessels from the upper arcade to the macula region...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203189/a-mystery-of-bilateral-annular-choroidal-and-exudative-retinal-detachment-with-no-systemic-involvement-is-it-part-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-spectrum-or-a-new-entity
#8
Ibrahim Elaraoud, Walter Andreatta, Li Jiang, Kenan Damer, Jalil Al-Ibrahim
A 65-year-old Caucasian male presented to the eye emergency department with bilateral significant visual loss. He was otherwise healthy with no significant past medical history. Ophthalmic history was significant for chronic open-angle glaucoma, for which the patient was using latanoprost once daily to both eyes. There was no preceding history of trauma or ocular surgery and the patient was emmetropic. Two weeks prior to his presentation, he reported a headache, which settled spontaneously. Slit-lamp examination demonstrated bilateral keratic precipitates, bilateral significantly shallow anterior chamber, and bilaterally normal intraocular pressures of 16 mm Hg...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188020/efficacy-of-immunomodulatory-therapy-with-interferon-%C3%AE-or-glatiramer-acetate-on-multiple-sclerosis-associated-uveitis
#9
D Velazquez-Villoria, C Macia-Badia, A Segura-García, S Pastor Idoate, G Arcos-Algaba, L Velez-Escola, J García-Arumí
AIM: To analyse the role of interferon-β or glatiramer acetate in reducing the inflammatory episodes of intra-ocular inflammation in multiple sclerosis-associated uveitis. METHOD: A study was conducted on a non-randomised, retrospective case series of 13 patients with proven multiple sclerosis and uveitis (minimum follow-up, 12 months). All patients were given immunomodulatory treatment (interferon-β or glatiramer acetate) to control the course of the multiple sclerosis...
February 7, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137481/characterization-of-isolated-retinal-vasculitis-analysis-of-a-cohort-from-a-single-center-and-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Laura Pelegrín, José Hernández-Rodríguez, Gerard Espinosa, Víctor Llorenç, Maite Sainz-de-la-Maza, José R Fontenla, José A Martínez, Maria C Cid, Alfredo Adán
INTRODUCTION: Isolated retinal vasculitis (IRV) is an inflammatory condition of unknown etiology confined to the retinal vessels. In contrast to secondary retinal vasculitis (RV), IRV has not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE: To describe and characterize isolated forms of RV. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review (2006-2016) of IRV patients from a multidisciplinary Uveitis Unit. RV diagnosis was based on funduscopic and fluorescein angiography findings...
March 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110950/vancomycin-associated-hemorrhagic-occlusive-retinal-vasculitis-clinical-characteristics-of-36-eyes
#11
Andre J Witkin, David F Chang, J Michael Jumper, Steve Charles, Dean Eliott, Richard S Hoffman, Nick Mamalis, Kevin M Miller, Charles C Wykoff
PURPOSE: To expand understanding of presentation, diagnosis, and outcomes of hemorrhagic occlusive retinal vasculitis (HORV). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six eyes of 23 patients. METHODS: The American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS) and the American Society of Retina Specialists (ASRS) formed a joint task force to define clinical characteristics of HORV and to study its prevalence, cause, treatment, and outcomes...
January 19, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105484/-intravitreal-ganciclovir-as-an-additional-therapy-option-in-acute-retinal-necrosis
#12
M Bischoff-Jung, A Viestenz, M Fiorentzis, L Daas, B Seitz, G Pappas, A Viestenz
Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) is a rare viral inflammatory disease, characterized by uveitis, retinal vasculitis, and necrosis in the late stages. Therapeutic management is based on the clinical findings. The positive outcome in our patient (VA 0.6) indicates that, beside the management of retinal detachment and lens opacification, additional intravitreal injections of 2 mg ganciclovir may achieve better results than systemic/topical antiviral application alone.
January 19, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079801/acute-necrotizing-retinal-vasculitis-as-onset-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-case-report
#13
Simeon Monov, Ruska Hristova, Rositza Dacheva, Reni Toncheva, Russka Shumnalieva, Viara Shoumnalieva-Ivanova, Daniela Monova
RATIONALE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease characterized by autoantibody production, complement activation, and deposition of immune complexes in tissues and organs. SLE can involve any region of the visual system. Although ocular manifestations are not part of the classification criteria for SLE, they can be observed in up to one-third of the patients with SLE. They are rarely reported at the time of disease onset. Retinal vasculitis is usually associated with active generalized disease...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076570/bilateral-retinal-vasculitis-in-a-patient-with-lichen-planus
#14
Seyhan Dikci, Oğuzhan Genç, Turgut Yılmaz, Penpe Gül Fırat
Lichen planus (LP) is an autoimmune, inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that commonly affects the skin and mucous membranes. Retinal vasculitis is a group of vision-threatening disorders, in which autoimmunity is thought to play a role in pathogenesis. We present the case of a patient who was diagnosed with retinal vasculitis and who was followed up for mucosal LP. LP has not been reported as a cause of retinal vasculitis in the literature. We believe that the retinal vasculitis in this case was related to LP because cellular immunity plays a role in the pathogenesis of both entities...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058168/a-case-of-lyme-disease-accompanied-by-uveitis-and-white-dot-syndrome
#15
İlkay Kılıç Müftüoğlu, Yonca Aydın Akova, Sirel Gür Güngör
In this case report we aimed to present a case of Lyme disease presenting as peripheral retinal vasculitis, intermediate uveitis and multifocal white dots in the posterior pole. The patient exhibited vitritis and snowball opacities in both eyes. A diagnosis of Lyme disease was made based on clinical, angiographic and laboratory findings. Fundus fluorescein angiography revealed optic nerve and retinal venous leakage as well as multiple hyperfluorescent foci in both eyes. The patient's symptoms and ocular findings significant improved after treatment with a combination of systemic antibiotics and steroids...
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045864/bilateral-central-retinal-vein-occlusions-in-a-young-patient-with-a-history-of-eosinophilic-pneumonia-and-thalamic-stroke
#16
Gina Yu, Peng Sun, Tavé van Zyl, Rachel Tandias, Jorge G Arroyo
PURPOSE: To describe a case of a central retinal vein occlusion in a young patient with a history of eosinophilic pneumonia. METHODS: A retrospective case report of a 45-year-old woman with acute painless vision loss for 9 days after multiple episodes of eosinophilic pneumonia and thalamic stroke. Fluorescein angiography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, and clinical examination were performed. She was then treated with intravitreal bevacizumab and pan-retinal photocoagulations...
December 29, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045863/postoperative-hemorrhagic-occlusive-retinal-vasculitis-a-forme-fruste-variant
#17
Roger A Goldberg, Courtney Crawford, Jeffrey S Heier
PURPOSE: To present a forme fruste variant of hemorrhagic occlusive retinal vasculitis (HORV) after uncomplicated cataract surgery performed with vancomycin in the irrigating solution. METHODS: A report of a single patient who developed HORV; the clinical features and course are described and compared with previously reported cases. RESULTS: Ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography demonstrated an occlusive vasculitis in both eyes 1 week after uncomplicated cataract surgery in which vancomycin was added to the irrigating solution...
December 29, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030457/retinal-vasculitis-associated-with-epstein-barr-virus-infection-a-case-report
#18
Andi A Victor, Nanang Sukmana
PURPOSE: To report a case of retinal vasculitis associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 26-year-old woman came with blurry vision. Funduscopy illustrated vasculitis with frosted branch-like appearance. The patient was treated with systemic acyclovir and topical steroid. Circulating polymerase chain reaction was positive for Epstein-Barr virus antibodies. Two months of treatment resolved the clinical manifestations...
December 23, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010147/adaptive-optics-imaging-in-retinal-vasculitis
#19
Padmamalini Mahendradas, Ruchi Vala, Ankush Kawali, Mukund C Akkali, Rohit Shetty
PURPOSE: To study the sheathing of retinal vasculitis in various systemic autoimmune diseases using adaptive optics imaging (AOI). METHODS: Prospective, observational case series with six patients: Behçet disease (n = 1); systemic lupus erythematosus (n = 1); idiopathic retinal vasculitis (n = 2); granulomatosis with polyangiitis (n = 1); and Takayasu aorta arteritis (n = 1). Fundus photograph (FP), fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) were done in all cases at presentation...
December 23, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010144/frosted-branch-angiitis-in-a-patient-with-typhoid-fever
#20
Mamta Agarwal, Jambulingam Malathi, Jyotirmay Biswas
Frosted branch angiitis (FBA), a rare form of retinal vasculitis presenting as bilateral perivascular sheathing, resembling the appearance of frosted tree branches in winter, was first reported by Ito et al.(1) in 1976, in a young immunocompetent boy. FBA predominantly affects healthy young patients, the youngest reported in an 11-month-old infant(2) and oldest in a 42-year-old patient.(3) Classical symptoms include sudden onset of blurred vision with floaters and photopsiae. Fundus examination shows widespread perivascular translucent sheathing affecting both arterioles and venules, more commonly latter...
December 23, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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