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retinal vasculitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627981/early-vitrectomy-for-dense-vitreous-hemorrhage-in-adults-with-non-traumatic-and-non-diabetic-retinopathy
#1
Ting Zhang, Jingjing Zhang, Xiaolei Sun, Jingyi Tian, Weiyun Shi, Gongqiang Yuan
Objective To evaluate the etiologies for dense vitreous hemorrhage in adults with non-traumatic and reveal management of early vitrectomy for the disease. Methods Study included 105 eyes from 105 patients. Outcome measures were etiologies of vitreous hemorrhage, formation of retinal and/or disk neovascular membrane (NVM), incidence of retinal tear and detachment, visual acuity (VA) and postoperative complications. Results Mean time between presentation and surgery was 7.1 days. The most common etiologies were retinal vein occlusion (RVO) (58...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619740/gamma-delta-t-cell-lymphoma-of-skin-eye-and-brain-presenting-with-visual-loss
#2
Nicholas Jones, Adam Gibb, Luciane Irion, Sarah Coupland
A young man presented with rapid, predominantly right-sided visual loss with a background of multifocal skin lesions. Visual acuity was right hand movements, left 6/5 Snellen, deteriorating to 6/38. He showed panuveitis with bilateral multifocal retinal infiltrates and retinal vasculitis. Multifocal brain lesions were identified. Biopsy of both skin and vitreous showed atypical lymphocytes, and immunohistochemistry confirmed T-cell lymphoma of gamma-delta subtype. Management with the CODOX-M/IVAC polychemotherapy regimen achieved rapid response including resolution of intraocular changes and substantial improvement of visual acuity to right 6/7...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606113/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-computed-tomography-as-tools-for-the-investigation-of-sperm-whale-physeter-macrocephalus-teeth-and-eye
#3
Aage Kristian Olsen Alstrup, Ole Lajord Munk, Trine Hammer Jensen, Lasse Fast Jensen, Abdi Hedayat, Brian Hansen
BACKGROUND: Scanning techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are useful tools in veterinary and human medicine. Here we demonstrate the usefulness of these techniques in the study of the anatomy of wild marine mammals as part of a necropsy. MRI and CT scans of sperm whale teeth (n = 4) were performed. The methods were compared and further compared to current standard methods for evaluation of tooth layering. For MRI a zero echo time sequence was used, as previously done for imaging of intact human teeth...
June 12, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594738/hemorrhagic-vasculitis-and-retinopathy-heralding-as-an-early-sign-of-bacterial-endophthalmitis-after-intravitreal-injection
#4
Christopher D Conrady, Jonathan A Feistmann, Aaron B Roller, H Culver Boldt, Akbar Shakoor
PURPOSE: To describe a case series of postintravitreal injection, bacterial endophthalmitis heralded by hemorrhagic retinal vasculitis. METHODS: Observational case series of three patients with a history of intravitreal injections for age-related macular degeneration at a tertiary referral center who presented with vision changes and eye pain that were eventually found to have bacterial endophthalmitis. Clinical course was then followed. RESULTS: All patients developed bacterial endophthalmitis and hemorrhagic retinal vasculitis...
June 7, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586583/eales-disease
#5
Mohammad Naeem Khan, Syed Shahmeer Raza, Shayan Qadir, Hana Rehman, Amer Kamal Hussain, Muhammad Daniyal Nadeem, Farhan Ullah
Eales disease is an eponym after a British ophthalmologist Henry Eales. The aetiology behind Eales disease is ill-understood and stands controversial. Various systemic diseases associated with peripheral retinal revascularization and Retinal vasculitis could imitate the proliferative and inflammatory phases of Eales' disease, respectively. We present a case of a 30 years old female patient with Eales disease and discuss the clinical features, treatment plan and its outcome in our patient. Tuberculosis appears to be the cause of Eales disease but the relation is yet to be established and clinically proven...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574499/ultra-widefield-fundus-fluorescein-angiography-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-retinal-vasculitis
#6
N P Jones, A Sala-Puigdollers, P E Stanga
PurposeTo quantify the additional information provided by ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography, compared with 7-field standard imaging, in patients with retinal vasculitis (RV).Patients and methodsRetrospective case series of 106 patients.ResultsRetinal vascular pathology was identified by UWF FFA, but not by standard ETDRS 7-field area, in 62 patients (58.5%) and in 79 eyes (43.4%). The pathology included active RV (47 eyes, 25.8% of eyes); retinal ischaemia, or infarction (53 eyes, 29.1%); and retinal neovascularization (7 eyes, 3...
June 2, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557602/systemic-steroid-sparing-effect-of-intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant-in-chronic-noninfectious-uveitic-macular-edema
#7
Claudia Fabiani, Antonio Vitale, Giacomo Emmi, Giuseppe Lopalco, Lorenzo Vannozzi, Daniela Bacherini, Silvana Guerriero, Rosa Anna Favale, Fiorella Fusco, Rossella Franceschini, Bruno Frediani, Florenzo Iannone, Mauro Galeazzi, Gian Marco Tosi, Luca Cantarini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and the systemic corticosteroid sparing effect of a single intravitreal dexamethasone (DEX) implant in patients with chronic noninfectious uveitic macular edema (UME). METHODS: Data from 22 eyes treated with DEX implant for UME related to systemic or ocular-confined noninfectious diseases were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The mean systemic prednisone (or equivalent) dosage significantly decreased at 3- and 6-month follow-up evaluations compared to baseline (P = 0...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557287/epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-inflammatory-retinal-vascular-occlusions-pooled-data-from-two-tertiary-referral-institutions
#8
Aniruddha Agarwal, Samendra Karkhur, Kanika Aggarwal, Alessandro Invernizzi, Ramandeep Singh, Mangat R Dogra, Vishali Gupta, Amod Gupta, Diana V Do, Quan D Nguyen
IMPORTANCE: In a subset of patients with retinal vasculitis, there is occlusion of blood flow through the retinal vessels. These eyes are at high risk of sight-threatening complications. BACKGROUND: To characterize epidemiology, clinical course, treatment and outcomes of occlusive retinal vasculitis (ORV). DESIGN: Retrospective study PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-seven uveitis patients with ORV at two large tertiary-care institutions (the USA and India)...
May 29, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538036/multiple-cranial-nerve-palsies-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#9
Michael Ross, Lulu Bursztyn, Rosanne Superstein, Mark Gans
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic vasculitis of medium and large arteries often with ophthalmic involvement, including ischemic optic neuropathy, retinal artery occlusion, and ocular motor cranial nerve palsies. This last complication occurs in 2%-15% of patients, but typically involves only 1 cranial nerve. We present 2 patients with biopsy-proven GCA associated with multiple cranial nerve palsies.
May 18, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524639/high-dose-intravenous-steroid-pulse-therapy-in-ocular-involvement-of-behcet-s-disease-a-pilot-double-blind-control-study
#10
Mastaneh Mohammadi, Farhad Shahram, Hormoz Shams, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Farimah Ashofteh, Fereydoun Davatchi
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of intravenous high-dose pulses of methylprednisolone (IVPM) for treatment of ocular involvement in Behcet's disease (BD). METHOD: In a double-blind control study, we randomized BD patients with posterior uveitis (PU) and/or retinal vasculitis (RV) into two groups. They received either IVPM (1000 mg methylprednisolone) or placebo for 3 consecutive days. Both groups received combination therapy with IV cyclophosphamide, azathioprine and prednisolone for 6 months...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501390/clinical-features-and-incidence-rates-of-ocular-complications-in-patients-with-retinal-vasculitis
#11
Tahreem A Mir, Ashvini K Reddy, Bryn M Burkholder, James Walsh, Amde Selassie Shifera, Irfan R Khan, Jennifer E Thorne
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence rates of visual loss and ocular complications in patients with retinal vasculitis (RV). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study METHODS: Clinical data were collected for 96 patients (175 eyes) diagnosed with RV from 2003 to 2013. Main outcome measures included rates of visual loss and ocular complications. Comparison of outcomes in patients with a relapsing versus non-relapsing disease also were analyzed. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 44 months (range: 1-153), the rate of visual loss to 20/50 or worse was 0...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489623/retinal-and-choroidal-detachment-in-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-scleritis-and-retinal-vasculitis-mimicking-choroidal-tumor
#12
Mio Matsuura, Yoshinori Taniguchi, Yoshio Terada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448727/long-term-outcomes-of-a-large-cohort-of-patients-with-eales-disease
#13
Jyotirmay Biswas, Reesha K R, Bikramjit Pal, Harshal P Gondhale, Ranju Kharel Sitaula
PURPOSE: To analyze the long-term visual outcomes of Eales' patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of Eales' patients diagnosed between 1985 and 1995 with >10 years follow-up done. RESULTS: We included 500 patients (898 eyes) with mean follow-up duration of 15.8 years (10-25 years), and 81% patients had bilateral disease. Patients using oral steroid during acute stage disease had significantly better visual outcome at the final visit [0...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448238/single-dexamethasone-intravitreal-implant-in-the-treatment-of-noninfectious-uveitis
#14
Ariane Frère, Laure Caspers, Dorine Makhoul, Lia Judice, Laurence Postelmans, Xavier Janssens, Pierre Lefebvre, Christian Mélot, François Willermain
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of a single intravitreal dexamethasone implant (IVT-DI; Ozurdex; Allergan, Inc.) on visual acuity, macular thickness, and intraocular pressure (IOP) in active noninfectious uveitis. METHODS: Medical records of patients with noninfectious active uveitis treated by IVT-DIs were retrospectively reviewed. Uveitis etiologies, treatment indications, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness measured by ocular coherence tomography, IOP, and systemic, local, and topical treatments were collected...
May 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433122/intracameral-antibiotics-in-the-shadow-of-hemorrhagic-occlusive-retinal-vasculitis
#15
EDITORIAL
Ayman Naseri, Ronald B Melles, Neal H Shorstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433121/a-new-complication-associated-with-the-use-of-prophylactic-intracameral-antibiotics-hemorrhagic-occlusive-retinal-vasculitis
#16
EDITORIAL
Stephen G Schwartz, Nidhi Relhan, Terrence P O'Brien, Harry W Flynn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413403/two-cases-of-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-with-marked-sheathing-of-the-retinal-arteries-following-vitrectomy
#17
Yuko Nishikawa, Seita Morishita, Kimitoshi Nakamura, Masanori Fukumoto, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Kensuke Tajiri, Takaki Sato, Takatoshi Kobayashi, Teruyo Kida, Hidehiro Oku, Tsunehiko Ikeda
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper was to report 2 patients (3 eyes) with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) who showed marked sheathing of the retinal arterioles that was ultimately attributed to calcification following vitrectomy. CASES: Case 1 involved a 65-year-old female with PDR who underwent bilateral vitrectomy for traction retinal detachment. Postoperatively, bilateral retinal redetachment (reRD) was observed. Sheathing of the retinal arterioles was observed at the same time, yet was not apparent preoperatively...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412068/vitreous-amyloidosis-ocular-systemic-and-genetic-insights
#18
Pradeep Venkatesh, Harathy Selvan, Sundararajan Baskar Singh, Divya Gupta, Seema Kashyap, Shreyas Temkar, Varun Gogia, Koushik Tripathy, Rohan Chawla, Rajpal Vohra
PURPOSE: To report the unique clinical and surgical characteristics encountered in eyes with vitreous amyloidosis. Systemic evaluation and visual outcome after vitrectomy are discussed. A novel mutation in the transthyretin gene (TTR) in Indian patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is described. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Ten eyes of 5 patients from 2 pedigrees with a diagnosis of vitreous amyloidosis...
April 12, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410605/frosted-branch-angiitis-and-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-as-an-initial-onset-of-neuro-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Bruno Fortaleza de Aquino Ferreira, Ever Ernesto Caso Rodriguez, Leandro Lara do Prado, Celio Roberto Gonçalves, Carlos Eduardo Hirata, Joyce Hisae Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Frosted branch angiitis is a rare, severe condition. It can be either a primary or a secondary condition and is characterized by rapid deterioration of vision and fulminant retinal vasculitis that manifests as diffuse sheathing of retinal vessels, macular edema, papillitis, vitritis and anterior uveitis. We aimed to describe a case of frosted branch angiitis and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis as an initial neuro-Behçet's disease onset. Diagnosis of Behçet's disease was based on the current 2014 International Criteria for Behçet's Disease and the International consensus recommendation criteria for neuro-Behçet's disease...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389774/takayasu-arteritis-presenting-as-isolated-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#20
Guohong Tian, Qian Chen, Wenji Wang
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology that affects the aorta and its primary branches or large arteries in the proximal upper or lower extremities. Ocular manifestations of TA include microaneurysm formation, small-vessel dilation, arteriovenous anastomosis, retinal ischemia, and neovascular glaucoma. We herein report a case involving a 23-year-old Asian woman who presented with isolated acute anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and was initially misdiagnosed with optic neuritis...
April 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
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