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retinal vasculitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937479/retinal-vasculitis-and-choroidopathy-in-pediatric-onset-mixed-connective-tissue-disease
#1
Bradley Postlethwaite, Henry G Wynn, Debendra Pattanaik, Shelley Ost, Charles B MacDonald, R Christopher Walton, Seunghyun Kim, Linda K Myers, Monica Brown Lobbins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936058/multifocal-choroiditis-with-retinal-vasculitis-optic-neuropathy-and-keratoconus-in-a-young-saudi-male
#2
Yousef Dhafiri, Khalid Al Rubaie, Omar Kirat, William N May, Quan D Nguyen, Igor Kozak
The purpose of this study is to describe an association of unilateral multifocal choroiditis (MFC), retinal vasculitis, optic neuropathy, and bilateral keratoconus in a young Saudi male. A 27-year-old male patient with stable bilateral keratoconus presented with a painless vision loss in his left eye. Ophthalmic examinations revealed multiple foci of idiopathic chorioretinitis, retinal vasculitis, and mild optic disc leakage on fluorescein angiography, all of which resolved on systemic therapy with mycophenolate mofetil and prednisone after 3 months...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919362/a-homozygote-trex1-mutation-in-two-siblings-with-different-phenotypes-chilblains-and-cerebral-vasculitis
#3
Rabia Miray Kisla Ekinci, Sibel Balci, Atil Bisgin, Derya Ufuk Altintas, Mustafa Yılmaz
Three prime repair exonuclease 1 degrades single and double stranded DNA with 3'-5' nuclease activity and its mutations are related to type 1 IFN mediated autoinflammation due to accumulated intracellular nucleic acids. To date, several cases of systemic lupus erythematosus, Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome, familial chilblain lupus, retinal vasculopathy-cerebral leukodystrophy have been reported with TREX1 mutations. Chilblain lupus is a skin disease characterized by blue-reddish coloring, swelling or ulcers on acral regions of body such as fingertips, heels, nose and auricles...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901810/the-incidence-of-ocular-tuberculosis-in-australia-over-the-past-10-years-2006-2015
#4
Erica Darian-Smith, Ming-Lee Lin, Lyndell L Lim, Peter McCluskey, Anthony J Hall
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and clinical phenotype of ocular tuberculosis in Australia based on the mandatory jurisdictional health notification records for TB. METHODS: A whole population retrospective case series (Australia). Patients diagnosed with ocular tuberculosis were identified over the past 10 years (1 January 2006 to 31 December 2015) as recorded by individual Health Department jurisdictions per mandatory health notifications. The incidence rates were calculated based on the available Australian census data...
September 13, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861733/patterns-of-uveitis-in-children-at-the-apex-institute-for-eye-care-in-india-analysis-and-review-of-literature
#5
Brijesh Takkar, Pradeep Venkatesh, Nripen Gaur, Sat Pal Garg, Rajpal Vohra, Supriyo Ghose
AIM: To study patterns of uveitis in Indian children and compare with data sets published earlier in the literature. METHODS: Consecutive patients below 16 years of age presenting to the uvea clinic of a tertiary eye care center were included prospectively through the period of July 2009-August 2013. Children with retinal vasculitis, exogenous endophthalmitis and masquerade syndromes were excluded from analysis. Uveitis was classified as per the nomenclature system adopted by the International Uveitis Study Group...
August 31, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853535/intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant-as-an-adjunct-weapon-for-severe-and-refractory-uveitis-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#6
Claudia Fabiani, Giacomo Emmi, Giuseppe Lopalco, Lorenzo Vannozzi, Daniela Bacherini, Silvana Guerriero, Rossella Franceschini, Bruno Frediani, Florenzo Iannone, Gian Marco Tosi, Donato Rigante, Luca Cantarini
BACKGROUND: The evidence on the use of dexamethasone implants in the treatment of Behçet's disease (BD)-related uveitis is limited to a few cases. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of dexamethasone implants on ocular functional, morphological, and clinical parameters in BD patients with severe refractory uveitis. METHODS: Five eyes from five BD patients were enrolled. A single intravitreal dexamethasone injection was applied to each eye...
July 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844053/non-invasive-method-of-monitoring-retinal-vasculitis-in-patients-with-birdshot-chorioretinopathy-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#7
Jared E Knickelbein, William Tucker, Shilpa Kodati, Marib Akanda, H Nida Sen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the utility of using montaged optical coherence tomography (OCT) thickness maps to monitor perivascular thickness as a marker of vasculitic activity in patients with large-vessel retinal vasculitis. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 22 eyes of 11 patients with a history of retinal vasculitis associated with birdshot chorioretinopathy (BCR). Patients had serial spectral domain 6×6 mm cube OCT scans centred on the fovea, optic nerve and proximal branches of the superior and inferior retinal vessels...
August 26, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816862/unilateral-optic-neuritis-and-central-retinal-vasculitis-due-to-ocular-syphilis
#8
Murtaza S Khan, Dulanji K Kuruppu, Tanav A Popli, Ramana S Moorthy, Devin D Mackay
PURPOSE: Report a case of concurrent unilateral optic neuritis and central retinal artery occlusion as the presenting signs of syphilis. METHODS: A case report of a 22-year-old man with progressive unilateral vision loss. RESULTS: With no known previous history of syphilis, genital lesions, or other extraocular manifestations, the patient presented with pain with eye movements and decreased color vision. His vision dramatically worsened after a course of oral steroids...
August 14, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810044/swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-west-nile-virus-chorioretinitis-and-associated-occlusive-retinal-vasculitis
#9
Moncef Khairallah, Rim Kahloun, Salma Gargouri, Bechir Jelliti, Dorra Sellami, Salim Ben Yahia, Jamel Feki
A 65-year-old man with diabetes and a history of fever of unknown origin 2 weeks earlier complained of sudden decreased vision in the left eye. The patient was diagnosed with bilateral West Nile virus (WNV) chorioretinitis associated with occlusive retinal vasculitis in the left eye. Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) of the left eye showed extensive, well-delineated, hypointense non-perfusion areas and perifoveal capillary arcade disruption in the superficial capillary plexus, as well as larger non-perfusion areas, capillary rarefaction, and diffuse capillary network attenuation and disorganization in the deep capillary plexus...
August 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776591/presumed-tuberculosis-associated-uveitis-rising-incidence-and-widening-criteria-for-diagnosis-in-a-non-endemic-area
#10
N Krassas, J Wells, C Bell, M Woodhead, N Jones
PurposeTo assess the incidence, clinical ocular involvement and effectiveness of anti-tuberculous treatment in patients with chronic uveitis presumed to be associated with tuberculosis in a non-endemic community.Patients and methodsRetrospective case series of patients with uveitis and evidence of tuberculosis, with no other identified cause of uveitis, who underwent a 6-month course of standard anti-tuberculosis treatment between 2008 and 2015. The response to treatment was assessed at 6 and 12 months after initiation of treatment...
August 4, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724375/bilateral-idiopathic-retinal-vasculitis-following-coxsackievirus-a4-infection-a-case-report
#11
Izumi Mine, Manzo Taguchi, Yutaka Sakurai, Masaru Takeuchi
BACKGROUND: Coxsackieviruses are members of a group of viruses called the enteroviruses, which may cause respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms, erythema, meningoencephalitis, myocarditis, pericarditis, and myositis. Unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy caused by coxsackievirus A16 has been associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease, but only a few reports describe retinitis associated with coxsackievirus serotype B3 or B4. We report a case of bilateral multifocal obstructive retinal vasculitis that developed after coxsackievirus A4 infection...
July 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709761/central-nervous-system-involvement-in-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-churg-strauss-report-of-26-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Raphaël André, Vincent Cottin, Jean-Luc Saraux, Gilles Blaison, Boris Bienvenu, Pascal Cathebras, Robin Dhote, Aurélie Foucher, Helder Gil, Joëlle Lapoirie, David Launay, Valentine Loustau, François Maurier, Edouard Pertuiset, Thierry Zénone, Jörg Seebach, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Xavier Puéchal, Luc Mouthon, Loïc Guillevin, Benjamin Terrier
BACKGROUND: Although peripheral nervous system involvement is common in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), central nervous system (CNS) manifestations are poorly described. This study aimed to describe CNS involvement in EGPA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective, observational, multicenter study included patients with EGPA and CNS involvement affecting cranial nerves, brain and/or spinal cord. We also undertook a systematic literature review...
July 12, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696172/multimodal-imaging-in-retinal-vasculitis
#13
Aniruddha Agarwal, Rubbia Afridi, Rupesh Agrawal, Diana V Do, Vishali Gupta, Quan Dong Nguyen
Retinal vasculitis presents with inflammation involving the retinal vasculature as an isolated disease or in combination with other ocular or systemic conditions. This entity may be associated with a wide variety of clinical manifestations such as vascular sheathing, cotton-wool spots, retinal ischemia, and neovascularization. Often, retinal vasculitis and its complications lead to diagnostic challenges in identifying the exact etiology of the inflammation. Ancillary investigations such as fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, and more recently, adaptive optics imaging and optical coherence tomography angiography, may provide valuable information that help in establishing the exact diagnosis and initiation of appropriate therapy...
June 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687121/new-imaging-techniques-in-retinal-vasculitis
#14
REVIEW
Marina Mesquida, Víctor Llorens, Alfredo Adán
The term retinal vasculitis (RV) encompasses a heterogeneous group of sight-threatening conditions that are included in the intraocular inflammatory diseases that affect the posterior segment of the eye. Based on the nature of the inflammatory process, RV are classified into predominantly inflammatory or ischaemic (occlusive RV). The diagnosis is clinical and the aetiology can be infectious or non-infectious (immune-mediated). RV can be an isolated ocular syndrome or be associated with a systemic disease, of which they can represent the first manifestation...
July 4, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627981/early-vitrectomy-for-dense-vitreous-hemorrhage-in-adults-with-non-traumatic-and-non-diabetic-retinopathy
#15
Ting Zhang, Jingjing Zhang, Xiaolei Sun, Jingyi Tian, Weiyun Shi, Gongqiang Yuan
Objective To evaluate the etiologies for dense vitreous hemorrhage in adults with non-traumatic and reveal management of early vitrectomy for the disease. Methods Study included 105 eyes from 105 patients. Outcome measures were etiologies of vitreous hemorrhage, formation of retinal and/or disk neovascular membrane (NVM), incidence of retinal tear and detachment, visual acuity (VA) and postoperative complications. Results Mean time between presentation and surgery was 7.1 days. The most common etiologies were retinal vein occlusion (RVO) (58...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619740/gamma-delta-t-cell-lymphoma-of-skin-eye-and-brain-presenting-with-visual-loss
#16
Nicholas Jones, Adam Gibb, Luciane Irion, Sarah Coupland
A young man presented with rapid, predominantly right-sided visual loss with a background of multifocal skin lesions. Visual acuity was right hand movements, left 6/5 Snellen, deteriorating to 6/38. He showed panuveitis with bilateral multifocal retinal infiltrates and retinal vasculitis. Multifocal brain lesions were identified. Biopsy of both skin and vitreous showed atypical lymphocytes, and immunohistochemistry confirmed T-cell lymphoma of gamma-delta subtype. Management with the CODOX-M/IVAC polychemotherapy regimen achieved rapid response including resolution of intraocular changes and substantial improvement of visual acuity to right 6/7...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606113/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-computed-tomography-as-tools-for-the-investigation-of-sperm-whale-physeter-macrocephalus-teeth-and-eye
#17
Aage Kristian Olsen Alstrup, Ole Lajord Munk, Trine Hammer Jensen, Lasse Fast Jensen, Abdi Hedayat, Brian Hansen
BACKGROUND: Scanning techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are useful tools in veterinary and human medicine. Here we demonstrate the usefulness of these techniques in the study of the anatomy of wild marine mammals as part of a necropsy. MRI and CT scans of sperm whale teeth (n = 4) were performed. The methods were compared and further compared to current standard methods for evaluation of tooth layering. For MRI a zero echo time sequence was used, as previously done for imaging of intact human teeth...
June 12, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594738/hemorrhagic-vasculitis-and-retinopathy-heralding-as-an-early-sign-of-bacterial-endophthalmitis-after-intravitreal-injection
#18
Christopher D Conrady, Jonathan A Feistmann, Aaron B Roller, H Culver Boldt, Akbar Shakoor
PURPOSE: To describe a case series of postintravitreal injection, bacterial endophthalmitis heralded by hemorrhagic retinal vasculitis. METHODS: Observational case series of three patients with a history of intravitreal injections for age-related macular degeneration at a tertiary referral center who presented with vision changes and eye pain that were eventually found to have bacterial endophthalmitis. Clinical course was then followed. RESULTS: All patients developed bacterial endophthalmitis and hemorrhagic retinal vasculitis...
June 7, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586583/eales-disease
#19
Mohammad Naeem Khan, Syed Shahmeer Raza, Shayan Qadir, Hana Rehman, Amer Kamal Hussain, Muhammad Daniyal Nadeem, Farhan Ullah
Eales disease is an eponym after a British ophthalmologist Henry Eales. The aetiology behind Eales disease is ill-understood and stands controversial. Various systemic diseases associated with peripheral retinal revascularization and Retinal vasculitis could imitate the proliferative and inflammatory phases of Eales' disease, respectively. We present a case of a 30 years old female patient with Eales disease and discuss the clinical features, treatment plan and its outcome in our patient. Tuberculosis appears to be the cause of Eales disease but the relation is yet to be established and clinically proven...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574499/ultra-widefield-fundus-fluorescein-angiography-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-retinal-vasculitis
#20
N P Jones, A Sala-Puigdollers, P E Stanga
PurposeTo quantify the additional information provided by ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography, compared with 7-field standard imaging, in patients with retinal vasculitis (RV).Patients and methodsRetrospective case series of 106 patients.ResultsRetinal vascular pathology was identified by UWF FFA, but not by standard ETDRS 7-field area, in 62 patients (58.5%) and in 79 eyes (43.4%). The pathology included active RV (47 eyes, 25.8% of eyes); retinal ischaemia, or infarction (53 eyes, 29.1%); and retinal neovascularization (7 eyes, 3...
June 2, 2017: Eye
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