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retinal vasculitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538036/multiple-cranial-nerve-palsies-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#1
Michael Ross, Lulu Bursztyn, Rosanne Superstein, Mark Gans
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic vasculitis of medium and large arteries often with ophthalmic involvement, including ischemic optic neuropathy, retinal artery occlusion, and ocular motor cranial nerve palsies. This last complication occurs in 2%-15% of patients, but typically involves only 1 cranial nerve. We present 2 patients with biopsy-proven GCA associated with multiple cranial nerve palsies.
May 18, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524639/high-dose-intravenous-steroid-pulse-therapy-in-ocular-involvement-of-behcet-s-disease-a-pilot-double-blind-control-study
#2
Mastaneh Mohammadi, Farhad Shahram, Hormoz Shams, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Farimah Ashofteh, Fereydoun Davatchi
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of intravenous high-dose pulses of methylprednisolone (IVPM) for treatment of ocular involvement in Behcet's disease (BD). METHOD: In a double-blind control study, we randomized BD patients with posterior uveitis (PU) and/or retinal vasculitis (RV) into two groups. They received either IVPM (1000 mg methylprednisolone) or placebo for 3 consecutive days. Both groups received combination therapy with IV cyclophosphamide, azathioprine and prednisolone for 6 months...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501390/clinical-features-and-incidence-rates-of-ocular-complications-in-patients-with-retinal-vasculitis
#3
Tahreem A Mir, Ashvini K Reddy, Bryn M Burkholder, James Walsh, Amde Selassie Shifera, Irfan R Khan, Jennifer E Thorne
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence rates of visual loss and ocular complications in patients with retinal vasculitis (RV). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study METHODS: Clinical data were collected for 96 patients (175 eyes) diagnosed with RV from 2003 to 2013. Main outcome measures included rates of visual loss and ocular complications. Comparison of outcomes in patients with a relapsing versus non-relapsing disease also were analyzed. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 44 months (range: 1-153), the rate of visual loss to 20/50 or worse was 0...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489623/retinal-and-choroidal-detachment-in-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-scleritis-and-retinal-vasculitis-mimicking-choroidal-tumor
#4
Mio Matsuura, Yoshinori Taniguchi, Yoshio Terada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448727/long-term-outcomes-of-a-large-cohort-of-patients-with-eales-disease
#5
Jyotirmay Biswas, Reesha K R, Bikramjit Pal, Harshal P Gondhale, Ranju Kharel Sitaula
PURPOSE: To analyze the long-term visual outcomes of Eales' patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of Eales' patients diagnosed between 1985 and 1995 with >10 years follow-up done. RESULTS: We included 500 patients (898 eyes) with mean follow-up duration of 15.8 years (10-25 years), and 81% patients had bilateral disease. Patients using oral steroid during acute stage disease had significantly better visual outcome at the final visit [0...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448238/single-dexamethasone-intravitreal-implant-in-the-treatment-of-noninfectious-uveitis
#6
Ariane Frère, Laure Caspers, Dorine Makhoul, Lia Judice, Laurence Postelmans, Xavier Janssens, Pierre Lefebvre, Christian Mélot, François Willermain
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of a single intravitreal dexamethasone implant (IVT-DI; Ozurdex; Allergan, Inc.) on visual acuity, macular thickness, and intraocular pressure (IOP) in active noninfectious uveitis. METHODS: Medical records of patients with noninfectious active uveitis treated by IVT-DIs were retrospectively reviewed. Uveitis etiologies, treatment indications, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness measured by ocular coherence tomography, IOP, and systemic, local, and topical treatments were collected...
May 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433122/intracameral-antibiotics-in-the-shadow-of-hemorrhagic-occlusive-retinal-vasculitis
#7
EDITORIAL
Ayman Naseri, Ronald B Melles, Neal H Shorstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433121/a-new-complication-associated-with-the-use-of-prophylactic-intracameral-antibiotics-hemorrhagic-occlusive-retinal-vasculitis
#8
EDITORIAL
Stephen G Schwartz, Nidhi Relhan, Terrence P O'Brien, Harry W Flynn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413403/two-cases-of-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-with-marked-sheathing-of-the-retinal-arteries-following-vitrectomy
#9
Yuko Nishikawa, Seita Morishita, Kimitoshi Nakamura, Masanori Fukumoto, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Kensuke Tajiri, Takaki Sato, Takatoshi Kobayashi, Teruyo Kida, Hidehiro Oku, Tsunehiko Ikeda
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper was to report 2 patients (3 eyes) with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) who showed marked sheathing of the retinal arterioles that was ultimately attributed to calcification following vitrectomy. CASES: Case 1 involved a 65-year-old female with PDR who underwent bilateral vitrectomy for traction retinal detachment. Postoperatively, bilateral retinal redetachment (reRD) was observed. Sheathing of the retinal arterioles was observed at the same time, yet was not apparent preoperatively...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412068/vitreous-amyloidosis-ocular-systemic-and-genetic-insights
#10
Pradeep Venkatesh, Harathy Selvan, Sundararajan Baskar Singh, Divya Gupta, Seema Kashyap, Shreyas Temkar, Varun Gogia, Koushik Tripathy, Rohan Chawla, Rajpal Vohra
PURPOSE: To report the unique clinical and surgical characteristics encountered in eyes with vitreous amyloidosis. Systemic evaluation and visual outcome after vitrectomy are discussed. A novel mutation in the transthyretin gene (TTR) in Indian patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is described. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Ten eyes of 5 patients from 2 pedigrees with a diagnosis of vitreous amyloidosis...
April 12, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410605/frosted-branch-angiitis-and-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-as-an-initial-onset-of-neuro-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Bruno Fortaleza de Aquino Ferreira, Ever Ernesto Caso Rodriguez, Leandro Lara do Prado, Celio Roberto Gonçalves, Carlos Eduardo Hirata, Joyce Hisae Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Frosted branch angiitis is a rare, severe condition. It can be either a primary or a secondary condition and is characterized by rapid deterioration of vision and fulminant retinal vasculitis that manifests as diffuse sheathing of retinal vessels, macular edema, papillitis, vitritis and anterior uveitis. We aimed to describe a case of frosted branch angiitis and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis as an initial neuro-Behçet's disease onset. Diagnosis of Behçet's disease was based on the current 2014 International Criteria for Behçet's Disease and the International consensus recommendation criteria for neuro-Behçet's disease...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389774/takayasu-arteritis-presenting-as-isolated-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#12
Guohong Tian, Qian Chen, Wenji Wang
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology that affects the aorta and its primary branches or large arteries in the proximal upper or lower extremities. Ocular manifestations of TA include microaneurysm formation, small-vessel dilation, arteriovenous anastomosis, retinal ischemia, and neovascular glaucoma. We herein report a case involving a 23-year-old Asian woman who presented with isolated acute anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and was initially misdiagnosed with optic neuritis...
April 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388936/intestinal-and-neurological-involvement-in-behcet-disease-a-clinical-case
#13
Romina Gallizzi, Dominique De Vivo, Simona Valenti, Caterina Pidone, Carmelo Romeo, Rosario Caruso, Claudio Romano
BACKGROUND: Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic immune-mediated, inflammatory disorder which may affect a number of different systems (oral and genital mucosa, eyes, skin, vascular district, joints, gastrointestinal tract and nervous system). Neurological manifestations are present in 5-10%, and gastrointestinal tract involvement in 10-15% of cases. The simultaneous involvement of two systems, neurological and gastrointestinal tract, is very rare and represents the aim of our case report...
April 7, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367531/bilateral-cytomegalovirus-retinitis-in-a-healthy-infant
#14
Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Mir-Naghi Moosavi, Naser Shoeibi, Mehdi Sakhaee, Hossein Ghavamsaeedi
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in an otherwise healthy infant. METHODS: A four-month-old, healthy, male infant was evaluated for visual inattention. RESULTS: This full-term infant with a normal birth weight and an uneventful gestational period was referred with symptoms of visual inattention, fever, and agitation one week prior to admission. Ocular involvements were detected in the form of bilateral pan uveitis with diffuse bilateral retinitis and vasculitis with hemorrhage in the peripheral retina and posterior pole...
March 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367048/bilateral-branch-occlusive-retinal-vasculitis-induced-by-septic-embo-lism-in-endogenous-klebsiella-endo-phthalmitis
#15
Ah Ran Cho, June-Gone Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345567/retina-and-the-tubercle-bacillus-four-decades-of-our-journey-and-current-understanding
#16
Pradeep Venkatesh
Tuberculosis continues to be a major pandemic with enormous public health implication. Involvement of ocular tissues in the form of tubercles, tuberculomas, panophthalmitis, and iris granulomas are well recognized as definitive manifestations of tuberculosis. For these lesions, confirmatory evidence is available in the form of demonstration of acid-fast Bacillus on Ziehl-Neelsen staining. For other retinochoroidal disorders such as central serous chorioretinopathy, retinal vasculitis, and presumed ocular tuberculosis, hard evidence about the role of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is lacking...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321351/bilateral-birdshot-retinochoroiditis-and-retinal-astrocytoma
#17
Sunil Mamtora, Yun Wong, Dugald Bell, Teresa Sandinha
Background. This case highlights the importance of recognising multiple pathologies within the eye which may not necessarily be linked. Both birdshot retinochoroiditis and astrocytoma are rare conditions. The case underlines the need for early identification and treatment of birdshot retinochoroiditis with steroids and disease modifying drugs. Astrocytoma in the absence of tuberous sclerosis is also uncommon. Case Presentation. A 36-year-old male presented with 3-month history of bilateral progressive flashing lights and floaters...
2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291162/acute-bilateral-retinal-vasculitis-revealing-a-serotonin-secreting-neuroendocrine-neoplasm
#18
Grégory Pugnet, Vincent Soler, Léonardo Astudillo, Vincent Gualino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283043/birmingham-beh%C3%A3-et-s-service-classification-of-disease-and-application-of-the-2014-international-criteria-for-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-icbd-to-a-uk-cohort
#19
Tim Blake, Luke Pickup, David Carruthers, Erika Marie Damato, Alastair Denniston, John Hamburger, Claire Maxton, Debbie Mitton, Philip I Murray, Peter Nightingale, Ana Poveda-Gallego, Andrea Richards, Andrew Whallett, Deva Situnayake
BACKGROUND: This study reports on the analysis of the application and diagnostic predictability of the revised 2014 ICBD criteria in an unselected cohort of UK patients, and the ensuing organ associations and patterns of disease. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a database of electronic medical records. Three categories were recognised: clinically defined BD, incomplete BD and rejected diagnoses of BD. We applied the ISG 1990 and ICBD 2014 classification criteria to these subgroups to validate diagnostic accuracy against the multidisciplinary assessment...
March 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279837/relevance-of-diagnostic-investigations-in-patients-with-uveitis-retrospective-cohort-study-on-300-patients
#20
REVIEW
Jérôme Hadjadj, Agnès Dechartres, Thibaut Chapron, Manal Assala, Sawsen Salah, Bertrand Dunogué, Lucile Musset, Bruno Baudin, Matthieu Groh, Philippe Blanche, Luc Mouthon, Dominique Monnet, Claire Le Jeunne, Antoine Brézin, Benjamin Terrier
OBJECTIVE: The diagnostic workup of uveitis is a challenge due to the wide range of diagnoses and the lack of a well-codified diagnostic procedure. We aimed to evaluate the relevance of diagnostic investigations for the etiological diagnosis of uveitis. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients referred for etiological diagnosis of uveitis. Uveitis related to ophthalmological diseases or occurring during the course of previously diagnosed diseases were not included...
May 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
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