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Elastomeric device

Darren Svirskis, Sairam Behera, Neera Naidoo, Joanne Beachman, Tarsha Raina, Yongzhi Zhou, Leanne Berkahn, Ian Costello, Yongchuan Gu
Background The EPOCH regimen, consisting of vincristine sulfate, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and etoposide phosphate, is typically administered by continuous infusion over four days to oncology inpatients. If the EPOCH regimen was available to be administered through portable elastomeric pumps, chemotherapy could be transitioned to an outpatient setting, reducing inpatient bed days and overall healthcare costs. However, a lack of stability data for the admixtures in the elastomeric infusion devices currently prevents the transition of the regime to an outpatient setting...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Steven Nagels, Wim Deferme
Stretchable electronics promise to naturalize the way that we are surrounded by and interact with our devices. Sensors that can stretch and bend furthermore have become increasingly relevant as the technology behind them matures rapidly from lab-based workflows to industrially applicable production principles. Regardless of the specific materials used, creating stretchable conductors involves either the implementation of strain reliefs through insightful geometric patterning, the dispersion of stiff conductive filler in an elastomeric matrix, or the employment of intrinsically stretchable conductive materials...
March 3, 2018: Materials
Matthew DiSalvo, Daniel Harris, Saurin Kantesaria, Alexis N Pena, Jules D Allbritton-King, Jacqueline H Cole, Nancy L Allbritton
Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes can act as sensing elements, barriers, and substrates, yet the low rigidity of the elastomeric membranes can limit their practical use in devices. Microraft arrays rely on a freestanding PDMS membrane as a substrate for cell arrays used in imaging cytometry and cellular isolation. However, the underlying PDMS membrane deforms under the weight of the cell media, making automated analytical microscopy (and thus cytometry and cell isolation) challenging. Here we report the development of microfabrication strategies and physically-motivated mathematical modeling of membrane deformation of PDMS microarrays...
March 6, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Kamiar Ghoseiri, Mostafa Allami, Mohammad Reza Soroush, Mohammad Yusuf Rastkhadiv
The prevalence of limb amputation is increasing globally as a devastating experience that can physically and psychologically affect the lifestyle of a person. The residual limb pain and phantom limb pain are common disabling sequelae after amputation surgery. Assistive devices/technologies can be used to relieve pain in people with amputation. The existing assistive devices/technologies for pain management in people with amputation include electrical nerve block devices/technologies, TENS units, elastomeric pumps and catheters, residual limb covers, laser systems, myoelectric prostheses and virtual reality systems, etc...
January 23, 2018: Military Medical Research
Rahul P Patel, Jilson Jacob, Mohammed Sedeeq, Long Chiau Ming, Troy Wanandy, Syed Tabish R Zaidi, Gregory M Peterson
PURPOSE: The aim was to investigate the stability of cefazolin in elastomeric infusion devices. METHODS: Elastomeric devices (Infusor LV) that contain cefazolin (3 g/240 mL and 6 g/240 mL) were prepared and stored at 4°C for 72 hours and then at 35°C for 12 hours, followed by 25°C for 12 hours. An aliquot was withdrawn at predefined time points and analyzed for the concentration of cefazolin. Samples were also assessed for changes in pH, solution color, and particle content...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
Ryan L Truby, Michael Wehner, Abigail K Grosskopf, Daniel M Vogt, Sebastien G M Uzel, Robert J Wood, Jennifer A Lewis
Humans possess manual dexterity, motor skills, and other physical abilities that rely on feedback provided by the somatosensory system. Herein, a method is reported for creating soft somatosensitive actuators (SSAs) via embedded 3D printing, which are innervated with multiple conductive features that simultaneously enable haptic, proprioceptive, and thermoceptive sensing. This novel manufacturing approach enables the seamless integration of multiple ionically conductive and fluidic features within elastomeric matrices to produce SSAs with the desired bioinspired sensing and actuation capabilities...
February 27, 2018: Advanced Materials
Xin Ning, Heling Wang, Xinge Yu, Julio A N T Soares, Zheng Yan, Kewang Nan, Gabriel Velarde, Yeguang Xue, Rujie Sun, Qiyi Dong, Haiwen Luan, Chan Mi Lee, Aditya Chempakasseril, Mengdi Han, Yiqi Wang, Luming Li, Yonggang Huang, Yihui Zhang, John Rogers
Microelectromechanical systems remain an area of significant interest in fundamental and applied research due to their wide ranging applications. Most device designs, however, are largely two-dimensional and constrained to only a few simple geometries. Achieving tunable resonant frequencies or broad operational bandwidths requires complex components and/or fabrication processes. The work presented here reports unusual classes of three-dimensional (3D) micromechanical systems in the form of vibratory platforms assembled by controlled compressive buckling...
April 11, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
Sayan Ganguly, Debes Ray, Poushali Das, Priti Prasanna Maity, Subhadip Mondal, V K Aswal, Santanu Dhara, Narayan Ch Das
Nanohybrid hydrogels based on pristine graphene with enhanced toughness and dual responsive drug delivery feature is opening a new era for smart materials. Here pristine graphene hydrogels are synthesized by in situ free radical polymerization where graphene platelets are the nanobuiliding blocks to withstand external stress and shows reversible ductility. Such uniqueness is a mere reflection of rubber-like elasticity on the hydrogels. These nanobuilding blocks serve also the extensive physisorption which enhances the physical crosslinking inside the gel matrix...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Mohammad Humood, Yan Shi, Mengdi Han, Joseph Lefebvre, Zheng Yan, Matt Pharr, Yihui Zhang, Yonggang Huang, John A Rogers, Andreas A Polycarpou
Mechanically guided 3D microassembly with controlled compressive buckling represents a promising emerging route to 3D mesostructures in a broad range of advanced materials, including single-crystalline silicon (Si), of direct relevance to microelectronic devices. During practical applications, the assembled 3D mesostructures and microdevices usually undergo external mechanical loading such as out-of-plane compression, which can induce damage in or failure of the structures/devices. Here, the mechanical responses of a few mechanically assembled 3D kirigami mesostructures under flat-punch compression are studied through combined experiment and finite element analyses...
January 29, 2018: Small
Anthony Andreas Theodorides
Elastomeric pumps are mechanical devices composed of an elastomeric balloon reservoir into which the drug to be infused is stored, a protective casing (used by some manufacturers), a flow controller and a wound catheter. In orthopaedics they are used to provide continuous local infiltration analgesia. In this way patients rely less on other routes of analgesia and thus avoid their systemic side effects. Studies have shown good response to analgesia with these pumps for the first 24 hours but their benefit is not as clear at 48 and 72 hours...
December 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
Feng Wu, Songyue Chen, Baiyi Chen, Miao Wang, Lingli Min, Jack Alvarenga, Jie Ju, Ali Khademhosseini, Yuxing Yao, Yu Shrike Zhang, Joanna Aizenberg, Xu Hou
Flexible and stretchable microscale fluidic devices have a broad range of potential applications, ranging from electronic wearable devices for convenient digital lifestyle to biomedical devices. However, simple ways to achieve stable flexible and stretchable fluidic microchannels with dynamic liquid transport have been challenging because every application for elastomeric microchannels is restricted by their complex fabrication process and limited material selection. Here, a universal strategy for building microfluidic devices that possess exceptionally stable and stretching properties is shown...
January 11, 2018: Small
Yuzhang Du, Juan Ge, Yannan Li, Peter X Ma, Bo Lei
Artificial muscle-like biomaterials have gained tremendous interests owing to their broad applications in regenerative medicine, wearable devices, bioelectronics and artificial intelligence. Unfortunately, key challenges are still existed for current materials, including biomimetic viscoelasticity, biocompatibility and biodegradation, multifunctionality. Herein, for the first time, we develop highly elastomeric, conductive and biodegradable poly (citric acid-octanediol-polyethylene glycol)(PCE)-graphene (PCEG) nanocomposites, and demonstrate their applications in myogenic differentiation and guiding skeletal muscle tissue regeneration...
December 6, 2017: Biomaterials
Seyedali Banisadr, Jian Chen
Cephalopods, such as cuttlefish, demonstrate remarkable adaptability to the coloration and texture of their surroundings by modulating their skin color and surface morphology simultaneously, for the purpose of adaptive camouflage and signal communication. Inspired by this unique feature of cuttlefish skins, we present a general approach to remote-controlled, smart films that undergo simultaneous changes of surface color and morphology upon infrared (IR) actuation. The smart film has a reconfigurable laminated structure that comprises an IR-responsive nanocomposite actuator layer and a mechanochromic elastomeric photonic crystal layer...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
María López-Valdeolivas, Danqing Liu, Dick Jan Broer, Carlos Sánchez-Somolinos
Soft matter elements undergoing programed, reversible shape change can contribute to fundamental advance in areas such as optics, medicine, microfluidics, and robotics. Crosslinked liquid crystalline polymers have demonstrated huge potential to implement soft responsive elements; however, the complexity and size of the actuators are limited by the current dominant thin-film geometry processing toolbox. Using 3D printing, stimuli-responsive liquid crystalline elastomeric structures are created here. The printing process prescribes a reversible shape-morphing behavior, offering a new paradigm for active polymer system preparation...
March 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Antonio D'Amore, Marco Fazzari, Hong-Bin Jiang, Samuel K Luketich, Michael E Luketich, Richard Hoff, Daniel L Jacobs, Xinzhu Gu, Stephen F Badylak, Bruce A Freeman, William R Wagner
Ventral hernia is often addressed surgically by the placement of prosthetic materials, either synthetic or from allogeneic and xenogeneic biologic sources. Despite advances in surgical approaches and device design, a number of postsurgical limitations remain, including hernia recurrence, mesh encapsulation, and reduced vascularity of the implanted volume. The in situ controlled release of angiogenic factors from a scaffold facilitating abdominal wall repair might address some of these issues associated with suboptimal tissue reconstruction...
February 27, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
J Villalba, J Peñalver, P Torner, M Serra, J Planell
OBJECTIVE: To follow up pain in the immediate postoperative period, using an elastomeric pump in anterior cruciate ligament surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 309 patients who had undergone anterior cruciate ligament repair with bone-tendon-bone allograft. Pain control was assessed with a visual analogue scale (VAS) during the immediate postoperative period, in the postoperative care unit, in the recovery room, and after the first 24-48-72hours following home discharge...
January 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Mariana Umekita Shirozaki, José Tarcísio Lima Ferreira, Erika Calvano Küchler, Mírian Aiko Nakane Matsumoto, Carolina Patrícia Aires, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Fábio Lourenço Romano
This study aimed to test the hypothesis that Streptococcus mutans contamination levels differ according to the type of the orthodontic ligature. Thirteen patients were selected. Each quadrant was randomly subjected to one of the following ligature-use protocols: I) elastomeric chain, II) steel ligature crossed over the archwire, III) steel ligature crossed under the archwire, and IV) steel ligature in a figure-eight pattern under the archwire. After seven days, the devices were removed and the Streptococcus mutans colony-forming unit count per mg of biofilm weight was determined...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
Tze Hui Koh, Nicholas Cheng, Hong Kai Yap, Chen-Hua Yeow
The provision of continuous passive, and intent-based assisted movements for neuromuscular training can be incorporated into a robotic elbow sleeve. The objective of this study is to propose the design and test the functionality of a soft robotic elbow sleeve in assisting flexion and extension of the elbow, both passively and using intent-based motion reinforcement. First, the elbow sleeve was developed, using elastomeric and fabric-based pneumatic actuators, which are soft and lightweight, in order to address issues of non-portability and poor alignment with joints that conventional robotic rehabilitation devices are faced with...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Hyemin Lee, Jung Gun Bae, Won Bo Lee, Hyunsik Yoon
We fabricate an elastomeric beam standing on a flexible substrate using 3D printing and soft lithography and investigate lateral buckling generated in the part of the wall when this beam is under pure bending. We also observe changes in the morphology of wrinkling along the applied strain and geometry of the wall, and then analyze it with scaling concepts. Furthermore, the degree of lateral buckling is controlled through the tip design in the ratchet structure and it is verified with finite element simulation...
November 22, 2017: Soft Matter
Jin-Gon Jung, Jae Hyun Park, Sang-Cheol Kim, Kyung-Hwa Kang, Jin-Hyoung Cho, Jin-Woo Cho, Na-Young Chang, R Curtis Bay, Jong-Moon Chae
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this 2-arm parallel trial was to assess the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) on the reduction of pain caused by initial orthodontic tooth movement. METHODS: Thirty-three female patients (mean age, 16.8 ± 3.8 years) who began orthodontic treatment using fixed appliances were examined. In the pilot study, male patients were less likely to use the PEMF device (epatchQ; Speed Dental, Seoul, Korea) and answer a survey consistently, so eligibility criteria were female patients who were periodontally and systemically healthy at the initiation of treatment and had no history of dental pain in the prior 2 weeks or who used no medications (anti-inflammatory or analgesic drugs) during the experiment period...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
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