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(LIGHT AND CAGED) OR (aptamer) OR (UNNATURAL AMINO ACID) OR (OPTOGENETIC) OR (DNA DECOY) OR (MORPHOLINO) •

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214746/a-magnetite-pmaa-nanospheres-targeting-sers-aptasensor-for-tetracycline-sensing-using-mercapto-molecules-embedded-core-shell-nanoparticles-for-signal-amplification
#1
Huanhuan Li, Quansheng Chen, Md Mehedi Hassan, Xiaoxing Chen, Qin Ouyang, Zhiming Guo, Jiewen Zhao
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) biosensors have promising potential in the field of antibiotics detection because of their ultrahigh detection sensitivity. This paper reports a rapid and sensitive SERS-based magnetic nanospheres-targeting strategy for sensing tetracycline (TTC) using aptamer-conjugated magnetite colloid nanocrystal clusters (MCNCs)-polymethacrylic acid (PMAA) magnetic nanospheres (MNs) as the recognition and the Au/PATP/SiO2 (APS) as the labels. Initially, MNs were fabricated and conjugated with the aptamers through condensation reaction...
February 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213514/peripheral-membrane-interactions-boost-the-engagement-by-an-anti-hiv-1-broadly-neutralizing-antibody
#2
Edurne Rujas, José M M Caaveiro, Sara Insausti, Miguel García-Porras, Kouhei Tsumoto, José L Nieva
The 4E10 antibody displays an extreme breadth of HIV-1 neutralization and therefore constitutes a suitable model system for structure- guided vaccine design and immunotherapeutics against AIDS. In this regard, the relevance of auto- reactivity with membrane lipids for the biological function of this antibody is still a subject of controversy. To address this dispute, herein we have compared the membrane-partitioning ability of the 4E10 antibody and several of its variants, which were mutated at the region of the paratope surface in contact with the membrane-interface...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213264/a-novel-electrochemical-biosensor-based-on-polyadenine-modified-aptamer-for-label-free-and-ultrasensitive-detection-of-human-breast-cancer-cells
#3
Kun Wang, Meng-Qi He, Fu-Heng Zhai, Rong-Huan He, Yong-Liang Yu
Simple, rapid, sensitive, and specific detection of cancer cells plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer. A sandwich electrochemical biosensor was developed based on polyadenine (polydA)-aptamer modified gold electrode (GE) and polydA-aptamer functionalized gold nanoparticles/graphene oxide (AuNPs/GO) hybrid for the label-free and selective detection of breast cancer cells (MCF-7) via a differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) technique. Due to the intrinsic affinity between multiple consecutive adenines of polydA sequences and gold, polydA modified aptamer instead of thiol terminated aptamer was immobilized on the surface of GE and AuNPs/GO...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213221/a-novel-fluorescent-aptasensor-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-microcystin-lr-based-on-single-walled-carbon-nanotubes-and-dapoxyl
#4
Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi, Noor Mohammad Danesh, Mohammad Ramezani, Narjes Ghows, Seyed Ali Mousavi Shaegh, Khalil Abnous
To assure water safety and protect human health, precise and simple analytical approaches are highly desired to determine low concentrations of microcystin-leucine-arginine (MC-LR), a toxin, in both water and serum samples. Herein, a simple, rapid and accurate aptamer-based fluorescent sensor was used for selective recognition of MC-LR, based on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as immobilizers, dapoxyl as a fluorescent dye, DAP-10 as a specific aptamer for dapoxyl and unmodified MC-LR aptamer (Apt) as a sensing ligand...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213177/tiered-analytics-for-purity-assessment-of-macrocyclic-peptides-in-drug-discovery-analytical-consideration-and-method-development
#5
Jingfang Jenny Qian Cutrone, Xiaohua Stella Huang, Edward S Kozlowski, Ye Bao, Yingzi Wang, Christopher S Poronsky, Dieter M Drexler, Adrienne A Tymiak
Synthetic macrocyclic peptides with natural and unnatural amino acids have gained considerable attention from a number of pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies in recent years as a promising approach to drug discovery, particularly for targets involving protein-protein or protein-peptide interactions. Analytical scientists charged with characterizing these leads face multiple challenges including dealing with a class of complex molecules with the potential for multiple isomers and variable charge states and no established standards for acceptable analytical characterization of materials used in drug discovery...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212794/an-efficient-system-for-incorporation-of-unnatural-amino-acids-in-response-to-the-four-base-codon-agga-in-escherichia-coli
#6
Byeong Sung Lee, Suyeon Kim, Byoung Joon Ko, Tae Hyeon Yoo
BACKGROUND: Adding new amino acids to the set of building blocks for protein synthesis expands the scope of protein engineering, and orthogonal pairs of tRNA and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase have been developed for incorporating unnatural amino acids (UAAs) into proteins. While diverse systems have been developed to incorporate UAAs in response to the amber codon, less research has been focused on four-base codons despites their advantages. In this study, we report an efficient method to incorporate UAA in response to an AGGA codon in Escherichia coli...
February 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212099/high-density-high-radiance-%C3%AE-led-matrix-for-optogenetic-retinal-prostheses-and-planar-neural-stimulation
#7
Ahmed Soltan, Brian McGovern, Emmanuel Drakakis, Mark Neil, Pleun Maaskant, Mahbub Akhter, Jun Su Lee, Patrick Degenaar
Optical neuron stimulation arrays are important for both in-vitro biology and retinal prosthetic biomedical applications. Hence, in this work, we present an 8100 pixel high radiance photonic stimulator. The chip module vertically combines custom made gallium nitride μLEDs with a CMOS application specific integrated circuit. This is designed with active pixels to ensure random access and to allow continuous illumination of all required pixels. The μLEDs have been assembled on the chip using a solder ball flip-chip bonding technique which has allowed for reliable and repeatable manufacture...
February 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211985/a-girl-with-developmental-delay-ataxia-cranial-nerve-palsies-severe-respiratory-problems-in-infancy-expanding-ndst1-syndrome
#8
Linlea Armstrong, Maja Tarailo-Graovac, Graham Sinclair, Kimberly I Seath, Wyeth W Wasserman, Colin J Ross, Clara D M van Karnebeek
NDST1 encodes an enzyme involved in the first steps in the synthesis of heparan sulfate chains, proteoglycans that are regulators found on the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix. Eight individuals homozygous for one of four family-specific missense mutations in the sulfotransferase domain of the enzyme have been described. They have intellectual disability. Some additionally had hypotonia, ataxia. seizures, and/or short stature, but none had history of respiratory problems. No humans with homozygous null mutations are known...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211858/another-advance-in-wireless-optogenetics
#9
Ellen P Neff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Lab Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211680/two-way-gold-nanoparticle-label-free-sensing-of-specific-sequence-and-small-molecule-targets-using-switchable-concatemers
#10
Longjiao Zhu, Xiangli Shao, Yunbo Luo, Kunlun Huang, Wentao Xu
A two-way colorimetric biosensor based on unmodified gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and a switchable double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) concatemer have been demonstrated. Two hairpin probes (H1&H2) were first designed that provided the fuels to assemble the dsDNA concatemers via hybridization chain reaction (HCR). A functional hairpin (FH) was rationally designed to recognize the target sequences. All the hairpins contained single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) loop and sticky-ends to prevent GNPs from salt-induced aggregation. In the presence of target sequence, the capture probe blocked in the FH recognizes the target to form a duplex DNA, which causes the release of the initiator probe by FH conformational change...
February 17, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211322/incubation-of-solid-state-c60-fullerene-under-uv-irradiation-mimicking-environmentally-relevant-conditions
#11
Andrea Carboni, Rick Helmus, John R Parsons, Karsten Kalbitz, Pim de Voogt
Carbon-based nanomaterials, such as C60 fullerenes, are expected to accumulate in soil due to direct release and deposition from the atmosphere. However, little is known about the environmental fate of these nanoparticles which may be susceptible to photochemical and microbial degradation. In the present work, C60 was incubated for a period of 28 days and irradiated with UVA light. Three experiments were carried out where the fullerenes were either spiked onto a glass surface or added to quartz sand or sandy soil samples...
February 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211299/comparison-of-biodistribution-profile-of-monoclonal-antibodies-nanoparticles-and-aptamers-in-rats-with-breast-cancer
#12
Cristal Cerqueira-Coutinho, Sotiris Missailidis, Jéssica Alessandra-Perini, Daniel Escorsim Machado, Jamila Alessandra Perini, Ralph Santos-Oliveira
The use of monoclonal antibodies and aptamers is growing every single day, as the use of nanoparticle systems. Although most of the products are under investigation, there are a few commercialized products available at the market, for human consume. In this study, we have compared three formulations (aptamer anti-MUC1, monoclonal antibody - Trastuzumab and monoclonal antibodies nanoparticles - PLA/PVA/MMT trastuzumab) to identify their profile as also to understand their behavior into an alive biological system...
May 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210796/optogenetic-switches-for-light-controlled-gene-expression-in-yeast
#13
REVIEW
Francisco Salinas, Vicente Rojas, Verónica Delgado, Eduardo Agosin, Luis F Larrondo
Light is increasingly recognized as an efficient means of controlling diverse biological processes with high spatiotemporal resolution. Optogenetic switches are molecular devices for regulating light-controlled gene expression, protein localization, signal transduction and protein-protein interactions. Such molecular components have been mainly developed through the use of photoreceptors, which upon light stimulation undergo conformational changes passing to an active state. The current repertoires of optogenetic switches include red, blue and UV-B light photoreceptors and have been implemented in a broad spectrum of biological platforms...
February 16, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209738/optogenetic-low-frequency-stimulation-of-specific-neuronal-populations-abates-ictogenesis
#14
Zahra Shiri, Maxime Lévesque, Guillaume Etter, Frédéric Manseau, Sylvain Williams, Massimo Avoli
Despite many advances made in understanding the pathophysiology of epileptic disorders, seizures remain poorly controlled in approximately one third of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy patients. Here, we established the efficacy of cell type-specific low-frequency stimulation (LFS) in controlling ictogenesis in the mouse entorhinal cortex (EC) in an in vitro brain slice preparation. Specifically, we used 1 Hz optogenetic stimulation of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II-positive principal cells as well as of parvalbumin- or somatostatin-positive interneurons to study the effects of such repetitive activation on epileptiform discharges induced by 4-aminopyridine...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209633/gene-expression-control-by-bacillus-anthracis-purine-riboswitches
#15
Marion Kirchner, Sabine Schneider
In all kingdoms of life, cellular replication relies on the presence of nucleosides and nucleotides, the building blocks of nucleic acids and the main source of energy. In bacteria, the availability of metabolites sometimes directly regulates the expression of enzymes and proteins involved in purine salvage, biosynthesis and uptake through riboswitches. Riboswitches are located in bacterial mRNAs and can control gene expression by conformational changes in response to ligand binding. We have established an inverse reporter gene system in Bacillus subtilis that allows us to monitor riboswitch-controlled gene expression...
February 16, 2017: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208642/photoluminescent-gold-nanoclusters-in-cancer-cells-cellular-uptake-toxicity-and-generation-of-reactive-oxygen-species
#16
Marija Matulionyte, Dominyka Dapkute, Laima Budenaite, Greta Jarockyte, Ricardas Rotomskis
In recent years, photoluminescent gold nanoclusters have attracted considerable interest in both fundamental biomedical research and practical applications. Due to their ultrasmall size, unique molecule-like optical properties, and facile synthesis gold nanoclusters have been considered very promising photoluminescent agents for biosensing, bioimaging, and targeted therapy. Yet, interaction of such ultra-small nanoclusters with cells and other biological objects remains poorly understood. Therefore, the assessment of the biocompatibility and potential toxicity of gold nanoclusters is of major importance before their clinical application...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208296/ultrasensitive-self-powered-aptasensor-based-on-enzyme-biofuel-cell-and-dna-bioconjugate-a-facile-and-powerful-tool-for-antibiotic-residue-detection
#17
Panpan Gai, Chengcheng Gu, Ting Hou, Feng Li
Herein, we reported a novel ultrasensitive one-compartment enzyme biofuel cells (EBFCs)-based self-powered aptasensing platform for antibiotic residue detection. By taking full advantage of the unique features of both EBFCs-based self-powered sensors and aptamers, the as-proposed aptasensing platform has the merits of simple instrumentation, anti-interference ability, high selectivity, and low cost. In this study, DNA bioconjugate, i.e., SiO2@gold nanoparticles-complementary strand of aptamer (SiO2@AuNPs-csDNA), was elaborately designed and played a key role in blocking the mass transport of glucose to the bioanode...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208258/tuning-the-aggregation-disaggregation-behavior-of-graphene-quantum-dots-by-structure-switching-aptamer-for-high-sensitivity-fluorescent-ochratoxin-a-sensor
#18
Song Wang, Yajun Zhang, Guangsheng Pang, Yingwei Zhang, Shaojun Guo
The design of graphene quantum dots (GQDs)-aptamer bioconjugates as the new sensing platform is very important for developing high-sensitivity fluorescent biosensors; however, achieving new bioconjugates is still a great challenge. Herein, we report the development of a new high-sensitivity fluorescent aptasensor for the detection of ochratoxin A (OTA) based on tuning aggregation/disaggregation behavior of GQDs by structure-switching aptamers. The fluorescence sensing process for OTA detection involved two key steps: (1) cDNA-aptamer (cDNA, complementary to part of the OTA aptamer) hybridization induced the aggregation of GQD (fluorescence quenching) after cDNA was added into the GQDs-aptamer bioconjugate solution, and (2) the target of OTA triggered disaggregation of GQD aggregates (fluorescence recovery)...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207921/pneumatic-stimulation-of-c-elegans-mechanoreceptor-neurons-in-a-microfluidic-trap
#19
Adam L Nekimken, Holger Fehlauer, Anna A Kim, Sandra N Manosalvas-Kjono, Purim Ladpli, Farah Memon, Divya Gopisetty, Veronica Sanchez, Miriam B Goodman, Beth L Pruitt, Michael Krieg
New tools for applying force to animals, tissues, and cells are critically needed in order to advance the field of mechanobiology, as few existing tools enable simultaneous imaging of tissue and cell deformation as well as cellular activity in live animals. Here, we introduce a novel microfluidic device that enables high-resolution optical imaging of cellular deformations and activity while applying precise mechanical stimuli to the surface of the worm's cuticle with a pneumatic pressure reservoir. To evaluate device performance, we compared analytical and numerical simulations conducted during the design process to empirical measurements made with fabricated devices...
February 16, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207249/convection-driven-pull-down-assays-in-nanoliter-droplets-using-scaffolded-aptamers
#20
Xiangmeng Qu, Hongbo Zhang, Hong Chen, Ali Aldalbahi, Li Li, Yang Tian, David A Weitz, Hao Pei
One of the great challenges in cellular studies is to develop a rapid and biocompatible analytical tool for single-cell analysis. We report a rapid, DNA nanostructure-supported aptamer pull-down (DNaPull) assay under convective flux in a glass capillary for analyzing contents of droplets with nano or picoliter volumes. We have demonstrated that the scaffolded aptamer can greatly improve the efficiency of target molecules' pull-down. The convective flux enables complete reaction in less than 5 min, which is an 18-fold improvement compared to purely diffusive flux (traditional model of stationary case)...
February 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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