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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441062/measles-cases-among-adolescents-in-southern-pakistan-2012-2015-the-case-for-revisiting-vaccination-strategies
#1
Sadia Shakoor, Erum Khan, Muhammad Imran Rajput, Wali Muhammad Rahimoon
AIMS: Surveillance of adult measles in Pakistan is a challenge as it does not enjoy the status of a reportable disease unlike childhood cases and therefore cases remain undetected and unreported or misdiagnosed. Consequently no data or estimates of young adult cases, seroprevalence, or estimates of susceptible preadolescent or young adult population exist. We have presented both laboratory conformed and clinically suspected cases of measles occurring in adolescents and adults in the southern province of Sindh in Pakistan...
April 25, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441035/arsenic-and-fluoride-removal-by-potato-peel-and-rice-husk-pprh-ash-in-aqueous-environments
#2
Sadia Bibi, Abida Farooqi, Azra Yasmeen, Muhammad Aqeel Kamran, Nabeel Khan Niazi
Finding appropriate adsorbent may improve the quality of drinking water in those regions where arsenic (As) and fluoride (F(-)) are present in geological formations. In this study, we evaluated the efficiency of potato peel and rice husk ash (PPRH-ash) derived adsorbent for the removal of arsenic and fluoride from contaminated water. Evaluation was done in batch adsorption experiments and the effect of pH, initial adsorbate concentration, contact time and adsorbent dose were studied. The characterization of adsorbents were done using scanning electron micropcope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440839/refugee-health-and-rehabilitation-challenges-and-response
#3
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya
BACKGROUND: The current global refugee crisis poses major challenges in providing effective healthcare to refugees, particularly for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) management and disability. This article provides an overview of refugee health and potential challenges from the rehabilitation perspective. METHODS: A literature search (both academic and grey literature) was conducted using medical and health science electronic databases and internet search engines (2001-2016)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439712/cochrane-in-corr-%C3%A2-manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-rotator-cuff-disease
#4
Moin Khan, Jon J P Warner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439405/the-start-back-tool-in-chiropractic-practice-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Yasmeen Khan
BACKGROUND: The Keele STarT Back Tool was designed for primary care medical physicians in the UK to determine the risk for persistent disabling pain in patients with musculoskeletal pain and to tailor treatments accordingly. In medical and physical therapy settings, STarT Back Tool's tailored care plans improved patients' low back pain outcomes and lowered costs. OBJECTIVE: Review studies using the STarT Back Tool in chiropractic patient populations. METHODS: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Index to Chiropractic Literature, and Science Direct databases were searched...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439390/nosocomial-pseudomonas-putida-meningitis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Fahmi Yousef Khan, Mohammed AbuKamar, Deshmukh Anand
We report a case of Pseudomonas putida meningitis in a 26-year-old Nepalese man who was admitted to Hamad General Hospital with epidermoid cyst for drainage. Ommaya reservoir was placed into the cyst for drainage and externalventricular drainage (EVD) was performed. After four days, the patient was transferred to the ward in stable condition. His weakness resolved partially and headache severity decreased. After three days, the patient developed fever and headache severity increased with deterioration of consciousness level...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439349/internal-medicine-program-directors-perceptions-of-the-all-in-match-rule-a-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Richard Alweis, Muhammad Sohail Khan, Sapna Kuehl, Thomas Wasser, Anthony Donato
BACKGROUND: Since 2013, the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) has asked all programs to declare themselves to be "all in" or "all out" for the NRMP. Before this rule was enacted, program directors who were surveyed expressed concerns about what they anticipated with the change, including resources for increased applications and potential delays with residency start times. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the positive and negative effects of the rule change on recruiting seen from the perspective of internal medicine (IM) program directors...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439036/reclassification-of-the-specialized-metabolite-producer-pseudomonas-mesoacidophila-atcc-31433-as-a-member-of-the-burkholderia-cepacia-complex
#8
E Joel Loveridge, Cerith Jones, Matthew J Bull, Suzy C Moody, Małgorzata W Kahl, Zainab Khan, Louis Neilson, Marina Tomeva, Sarah E Adams, Andrew C Wood, Daniel Rodriguez-Martin, Ingrid Pinel, Julian Parkhill, Eshwar Mahenthiralingam, John Crosby
Pseudomonas mesoacidophila ATCC 31433 is a Gram-negative bacterium, first isolated from Japanese soil samples, which produces the monobactam isosulfazecin and the β-lactam potentiating bulgecins. To characterize the biosynthetic potential of P. mesoacidophila ATCC 31433 its complete genome was determined using single molecule real time DNA sequence analysis. The 7.8 Mb genome comprised four replicons: three chromosomal, each encoding ribosomal RNA, and one plasmid. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that P...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438753/complicated-small-bowel-diverticular-disease-a-case-series
#9
Linden Karas, Mohammed Asif, Victor Chun, Farrukh A Khan
Small bowel diverticulosis of the jejunum and ileum is an uncommon finding with a prevalence rate of 0.2% to 1.3% at autopsy and 0.3% to 1.9% on small bowel studies. Diagnosis can be difficult because there are no pathognomonic features or clinical symptoms that are specific for small bowel diverticulosis. Though rare, it is critical to keep the possibility of small bowel diverticulosis in mind when evaluating cases of malabsorption, chronic abdominal pain, haemorrhage, perforation and intestinal obstruction, especially in patients with connective tissue disorders, a family history of diverticula and a personal history of colonic diverticulosis...
April 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438723/long-term-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-surgical-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-single-center-experience
#10
Aditya Saini, Yuhning L Hu, Vigneshwar Kasirajan, Frederick T Han, Muhammad Z Khan, Luke Wolfe, Sampath Gunda, Jayanthi N Koneru, Kenneth A Ellenbogen
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgical AF ablation delivers RF energy via a thoracoscopic approach to perform pulmonary vein isolation and LA ganglionic plexi ablation. Data on long term outcomes of MISAA is lacking. OBJECTIVE: We report 5 year follow-up data from a prospective cohort of patients who underwent MISAA at a single center. METHODS: One hundred nine consecutive patients (60 paroxysmal, 49 persistent, mean age 62.7±9.3 years) underwent MISAA with left atrial appendage exclusion by a single surgeon between 2006 and 2012...
April 21, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438486/pti-125-binds-and-reverses-an-altered-conformation-of-filamin-a-to-reduce-alzheimer-s-disease-pathogenesis
#11
Hoau-Yan Wang, Kuo-Chieh Lee, Zhe Pei, Amber Khan, Kalindi Bakshi, Lindsay H Burns
We show that amyloid-β1-42 (Aβ42) triggers a conformational change in the scaffolding protein filamin A (FLNA) to induce FLNA associations with α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). These aberrant associations respectively enable Aβ42's toxic signaling via α7nAChR to hyperphosphorylate tau protein, and TLR4 activation to release inflammatory cytokines. PTI-125 is a small molecule that preferentially binds altered FLNA and restores its native conformation, restoring receptor and synaptic activities and reducing its α7nAChR/TLR4 associations and downstream pathologies...
March 31, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438316/multiple-modes-of-capillary-electrophoresis-applied-in-peptide-nucleic-acid-related-study
#12
Xiaoqian Wang, Youhao Hu, Feng Qu, Rizwan Ullah Khan
Peptide Nucleic Acid (PNA) is a nucleic acid analogue, whose neutrally charged and hydrophobic backbone makes it more stable in vivo, so it might act as a potentially better protein probe as compared to aptamer. Currently the investigation of PNA and protein interaction is scarce. In this research, multiple modes of capillary electrophoresis were established and applied for PNA characterization and its interaction with ssDNA and protein. A 15-mer PNA having the same nucleobase sequence as 15-mer anti-thrombin DNA aptamer was chosen as PNA model for this study, its pI (7...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438149/anti-depressant-and-anxiolytic-potential-of-acacia-hydaspica-r-parker-aerial-parts-extract-modulation-of-brain-antioxidant-enzyme-status
#13
Tayyaba Afsar, Suhail Razak, Muhammad Rashid Khan, Ali Almajwal
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress may link to psychiatric disorders, and is being regarded as a plausible mechanism that can affect the regulation of these illnesses. The present study was undertaken to investigate the antidepressant and anxiolytic potential of A. hydaspica R. parkers. Brain oxidative stress enzyme levels were analyzed to correlate depression and stress with brain antioxidant status. METHODS: Antidepressant and anxiolytic effect of methanol extract of A...
April 24, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438143/erratum-to-high-pre-diagnosis-attrition-among-patients-with-presumptive-mdr-tb-an-operational-research-from-bhopal-district-india
#14
Hemant Deepak Shewade, Arun M Kokane, Akash Ranjan Singh, Manoj Verma, Malik Parmar, Ashish Chauhan, Sanjay Singh Chahar, Manoj Tiwari, Sheeba Naz Khan, Vivek Gupta, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Mukesh Nagar, Sanjai Kumar Singh, Pradeep Kumar Mehra, Ajay M V Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437965/comparison-between-optical-bistabilities-versus-power-and-frequency-in-a-composite-cavity-atom-system
#15
Zhaoyang Zhang, Danmeng Ma, Jun Liu, Yanyong Sun, Lin Cheng, Ghulam Abbas Khan, Yanpeng Zhang
By making use of the changes in optical properties such as absorption and dispersion around the resonance generated via electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), we theoretically and experimentally investigate a "∞"-shape optical bistability (OB) versus frequency on the probe transmission with a Λ-shape EIT window in a rubidium atomic ensemble confined in a three-mirror optical ring cavity. Compared to the traditional OB reflected by a hysteresis loop versus power, such newly demonstrated optical bistable behavior (represented by a "∞"-shape non-overlapping region) by scanning probe and cavity detuning can experience dual bistabilities and be more sensitive to the change of experimental parameters...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437746/catalytic-reduction-of-4-nitrophenol-and-photo-inhibition-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-using-gold-nanoparticles-as-photocatalyst
#16
Shafiullah Khan, Wang Runguo, Kamran Tahir, Zhang Jichuan, Liqun Zhang
A simple, green method is described for the synthesis of Gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs) using Cotoneaster horizontalis extract as a phyto-reducer and capping agent with superior photo inhibition activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Different from the other methods used elevated temperatures for nanoparticles synthesis, the novelty of our method lies in its energy saving process and fast synthesis rates (~5min for AuNPs), and its potential to tune the nanoparticles size and afterward their catalytic activity...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437653/effects-of-acidic-and-neutral-biochars-on-properties-and-cadmium-retention-of-soils
#17
Fangjie Qi, Zhaomin Dong, Dane Lamb, Ravi Naidu, Nanthi S Bolan, Yong Sik Ok, Cuixia Liu, Naser Khan, M A H Johir, Kirk T Semple
In this study, an acidic biochar and a neutral biochar were applied at 5 wt% into two soils for an 11-month incubation experiment. One Ferrosol soil (Ba) was slightly acidic with low organic matter and the other Dermosol soil (Mt) was slightly alkaline with high organic matter. The acidic (pH = 3.25) wood shaving (WS) biochar had no marked impact on nutrient levels, cation exchange capacity (CEC), pH and acid neutralization capacity (ANC) of either soil. By contrast, the neutral (pH = 7.00) chicken litter (CL) biochar significantly increased major soluble nutrients, pH, ANC of soil Ba...
April 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437630/modified-natural-cycle-for-embryo-transfer-using-frozen-thawed-blastocysts-a-satisfactory-option
#18
Quoc V Le, Sina Abhari, Omar M Abuzeid, Jennifer DeAnna, Mohamed A Satti, Tarek Abozaid, Iqbal Khan, Mostafa I Abuzeid
OBJECTIVE: To describe pregnancy outcomes of frozen-thawed blastocysts cycles using modified natural cycle frozen embryo transfers (NC-FET) and down-regulated hormonally controlled frozen embryo transfers (HC-FET) protocols. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included all patients undergoing either modified NC-FET or down-regulated HC-FET using frozen-thawed day 5 embryos. Cycles with donor blastocysts were excluded. Four hundred twenty eight patients underwent a total of 493 FET cycles...
April 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436594/cassandra-an-open-source-monte-carlo-package-for-molecular-simulation
#19
Jindal K Shah, Eliseo Marin-Rimoldi, Ryan Gotchy Mullen, Brian P Keene, Sandip Khan, Andrew S Paluch, Neeraj Rai, Lucienne L Romanielo, Thomas W Rosch, Brian Yoo, Edward J Maginn
Cassandra is an open source atomistic Monte Carlo software package that is effective in simulating the thermodynamic properties of fluids and solids. The different features and algorithms used in Cassandra are described, along with implementation details and theoretical underpinnings to various methods used. Benchmark and example calculations are shown, and information on how users can obtain the package and contribute to it are provided. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
April 24, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436040/synergistic-use-of-biochar-compost-and-plant-growth-promoting-rhizobacteria-for-enhancing-cucumber-growth-under-water-deficit-conditions
#20
Sajid M Nadeem, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Naveed, Muhammad Y Khan, Maqshoof Ahmad, Zahir A Zahir, David E Crowley
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about effectiveness of biochar with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and compost. A greenhouse study was conducted to evaluate the effect of biochar in combination with compost and PGPR (Pseudomonas fluorescens) for alleviating water deficit stress. The inoculated and un-inoculated cucumber seeds were sown in soil treated with biochar, compost and biochar + compost. Three water levels [field capacity (D0), 75% field capacity (D1) and 50% field capacity (D2)] were maintained...
April 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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