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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679952/injuries-to-cyclists-due-to-a-dog-bicycle-interaction
#1
Randall T Loder, Alan P Yaacoub
BACKGROUND:  Both dogs and bicycles are common in our society and thus a dog-bicycle interaction resulting in an injury to a cyclist is possible. It was the purpose of this study to investigate such injuries. METHODS:  The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data for the 10-year period from 2006 through 2015 associated with bicycles were accessed. Injuries involving dogs were identified and the mechanism of injury determined. Due to the stratified and weighted nature of the NEISS data, statistical analyses were performed with SUDAAN 10 software (RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States)...
April 21, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679226/national-estimates-of-emergency-department-visits-for-antibiotic-adverse-events-among-adults-united-states-2011-2015
#2
Andrew I Geller, Maribeth C Lovegrove, Nadine Shehab, Lauri A Hicks, Mathew R P Sapiano, Daniel S Budnitz
BACKGROUND: Detailed, nationally representative data describing high-risk populations and circumstances involved in antibiotic adverse events (AEs) can inform approaches to prevention. OBJECTIVE: Describe US burden, rates, and characteristics of emergency department (ED) visits by adults for antibiotic AEs. DESIGN: Nationally representative, public health surveillance of adverse drug events (National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-Cooperative Adverse Drug Event Surveillance [NEISS-CADES]) and a nationally projected database of dispensed prescriptions (QuintilesIMS), 2011-2015...
April 20, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677554/glass-polyalkenoate-cement-an-alternative-material-for-kyphoplasty-in-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-an-ex-vivo-study
#3
Tim Leschinger, Karsten Engel, Gert Peter Brüggemann, Viktoria Dederer, Wolfram Friedrich Neiss, Max Joseph Scheyerer, Lars Peter Müller, Kilian Wegmann
Adjacent vertebral body fracture is described as a risk after vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. It may be true that this phenomenon is caused precisely because of the frequently used polymethylmethacrylate cement (PMMA), which shows a higher level of stiffness than bone material and may ultimately lead to shifting stress levels within the entire spine. The goal of the present study was to evaluate and compare the pressure distribution in the endplate of human vertebrae after kyphoplasty with PMMA and aluminum-free glass-polyalkenoate cement (gpc)...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603858/double-bonds-studies-on-the-barrier-to-rotation-about-the-cumulenic-c-c-bonds-of-tetraaryl-n-cumulenes-n-3-5-7-9
#4
Martina U Buehringer, Kevin Padberg, Martin Phleps, Harald Maid, Christian Placht, Christian Neiss, Michael Ferguson, Andreas Goerling, Rik R Tykwinski
Bonding is the fundamental aspect of organic chemistry, yet the magnitude of C=C bonding in [n]cumulenes as a function of increasing chain length has yet to be experimentally verified for derivatives longer than n = 5. The synthesis of a series of apolar and unsymmetrically substituted tetraaryl[n]cumulenes (n = 3, 5, 7, 9) has been developed and rotational barriers for Z-/E-isomerization have been measured using dynamic VT-NMR spectroscopy. Both experiment and theory confirm a dramatic reduction of the rotational barrier (through estimation of G≠rot for the isomerization) from >24 to 19 to 15 to 11 kcal-1 in [n]cumulenes with n = 3, 5, 7, 9, respectively...
March 31, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544096/the-%C3%AE-2-integrin-mac-1-induces-protective-lc3-associated-phagocytosis-of-listeria-monocytogenes
#5
Alexander Gluschko, Marc Herb, Katja Wiegmann, Oleg Krut, Wolfram F Neiss, Olaf Utermöhlen, Martin Krönke, Michael Schramm
The intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes (L.m.) is targeted by the autophagic machinery, but the molecular mechanisms involved and consequences for anti-listerial immunity remain enigmatic. Here, we demonstrate that L.m. infection of macrophages in vivo exclusively evokes LC3-associated phagocytosis (LAP), but not canonical autophagy, and that targeting of L.m. by LAP is required for anti-listerial immunity. The pathway leading to LAP induction in response to L.m. infection emanates from the β2 integrin Mac-1 (CR3, integrin αM β2 ), a receptor recognizing diverse microbial ligands...
March 14, 2018: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504085/electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-ends-battery-related-burns-presenting-to-us-emergency-departments-2016
#6
Catherine G Corey, Joanne T Chang, Brian L Rostron
BACKGROUND: Currently, an estimated 7.9 million US adults use electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Although published reports have identified fires and explosions related to use of ENDS since 2009, these reports do not provide national estimates of burn injuries associated with ENDS batteries in the US. FINDINGS: We analyzed nationally representative data provided in the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) to estimate the number of US emergency department (ED) visits for burn injuries associated with ENDS batteries...
March 5, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428694/weekend-woodsmen-overview-and-comparison-of-injury-patterns-associated-with-power-saw-and-axe-utilization-in-the-united-states
#7
Yoginee Sritharen, Matthew C Hernandez, Martin D Zielinski, Johnathon M Aho
INTRODUCTION: Power saw and axe injuries are associated with significant morbidity and are increasingly managed in the emergency department (ED). However, these injuries have not been summarily reported in the literature. We aim to evaluate and compare the common injury patterns seen with use of power saws and axes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System- All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) database was analyzed during 2006 to 2016...
May 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420463/nonfatal-assaults-among-persons-aged-10-24-years-united-states-2001-2015
#8
Corinne F David-Ferdon, Tadesse Haileyesus, Yang Liu, Thomas R Simon, Marcie-Jo Kresnow
In 2015, persons aged 10-24 years who were treated for nonfatal assault injuries in emergency departments (EDs) in the United States accounted for 32% of the approximately 1.5 million patients of all ages that EDs treated for nonfatal assault injuries (1). CDC analyzed data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) to examine 2001-2015 trends in nonfatal assault injuries among youths treated in EDs, by sex and age group, and to assess current rates by sex, age group, mechanism of injury, and disposition (1)...
February 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395756/lawn-mower-injuries-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-2005-to-2015
#9
Christopher Harris, Jonathan Madonick, Thomas Ryan Hartka
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe recent trends in the epidemiology of lawn mower injuries presenting to the Emergency Department in the United States using nationally representative data for all ages. METHODS: Data for this retrospective analysis were obtained from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), for the years 2005-2015. We queried the system using all product codes under "lawn mowers" in the NEISS Coding Manual...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324526/do-professional-society-advocacy-campaigns-have-an-impact-on-pediatric-orthopaedic-injuries
#10
Alexa J Karkenny, Denver A Burton, Kathleen J Maguire, Regina Hanstein, Norman Y Otsuka
PURPOSE: The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) both advocate for childhood injury prevention by publishing recommendations to orthopaedic surgeons, pediatricians, and the public. Popular topics of advocacy campaigns have included trampolines, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), and lawnmowers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the temporal relationship between AAOS/AAP advocacy and pediatric orthopaedic injury rates, using these topics as examples...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316593/demographics-of-tennis-related-injuries-that-presented-to-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states
#11
Jonathan D Chevinsky, Neil V Shah, Mikhail Tretiakov, Alexandr Aylyarov, Gregory S Penny, Joanne C Dekis, Jonathan N Chorney, Natasha Ahmed, Nipun Sodhi, Alyeesha B Wilhelm, William P Urban, Carl B Paulino, Jared M Newman
INTRODUCTION: Tennis injuries are not uncommon, and efforts have been made to reduce the risk of these injuries. There are a number of different factors that have been shown to influence injury rates of tennis players, in particular patient-related risks. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of tennis-related injuries. Specifically, we evaluated: 1) demographics; 2) incidence and trends of injuries; and 3) incidence and trends of body parts that were injured...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315449/trends-and-epidemiology-of-tennis-related-sprains-strains-in-the-united-states-2010-to-2016
#12
Jonathan D Chevinsky, Jared M Newman, Neil V Shah, Neel Pancholi, John Holliman, Nipun Sodhi, Ahmed Eldib, Qais Naziri, Bashir A Zikria, John P Reilly, Scott E Barbash, William P Urban
BACKGROUND: While tennis is one of the most popular sports in the world, it predisposes those who play it to a number of injuries. Several studies have shown sprains/strains to be the most common tennis-related injury. However, data is limited regarding trends in tennis-related sprains/strains. Therefore, this study evaluated: 1) trends in tennis-related sprains/strains; 2) trends in tennis-related sprains/strains by age; and 3) trends in the most common tennis-related sprained/strained body parts...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238733/the-impact-of-body-checking-on-youth-ice-hockey-injuries
#13
David P Trofa, Caroline N Park, Manish S Noticewala, T Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad, Charles A Popkin
Background: Body checking is a common cause of youth ice hockey injuries. Consequently, USA Hockey raised the minimum age at which body checking is permitted from the Pee Wee level (11-12 years old) to the Bantam level (13-14 years old) in 2011. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the impact of body checking on the distribution of injuries reported in youth ice hockey players. We hypothesized that the elimination of body checking at the Pee Wee level would lower the frequency of serious injuries, particularly concussions...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176325/cav2-3-r-type-calcium-channels-are-critical-for-mediating-anticonvulsive-and-neuroprotective-properties-of-lamotrigine-in-vivo
#14
Maxine Dibué-Adjei, Marcel A Kamp, Serdar Alpdogan, Etienne E Tevoufouet, Wolfram F Neiss, Jürgen Hescheler, Toni Schneider
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Lamotrigine (LTG) is a popular modern antiepileptic drug (AED), however, its mechanism of action has yet to be fully understood, as it is known to modulate many members of several ion channel families. In heterologous systems, LTG inhibits Cav2.3 (R-type) calcium currents, which contribute to kainic-acid- (KA) induced epilepsy in vivo. To gain insight into the role of R-type currents in LTG drug action in vivo, we compared the effects of LTG to topiramate and lacosamide in Cav2...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135818/trends-of-magnet-ingestion-in-children-an-ironic-attraction
#15
Patrick Todd Reeves, Cade M Nylund, Jayasree Krishnamurthy, R Adam Noel, Mazen I Abbas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ingestion of rare earth magnets is a serious ongoing hazard for pediatric patients. Our study aims to investigate whether 2012 Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) policy action, in coordination with efforts from consumer and physician advocacy groups, decreased the incidence of magnet ingestions in children in US since 2012. METHODS: Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was used to evaluate trends in emergency department (ED) encounters with pediatric patients (<18 years) who presented with suspected magnet ingestions (SMI) from 2010-2015...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101814/injuries-associated-with-bunk-beds-that-occur-in-jail
#16
Randall T Loder, Jocelyn Cole Young
BACKGROUND: There are many studies of bunk bed injuries, but none specifically addressing those occurring in jails. It was the purpose of this study to investigate the magnitude and patterns of bunk bed injuries occurring in correctional institutions. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data for the 10 year period 2006 through 2015 due to bunk beds was accessed. Injuries involving bunk beds were identified and the mechanism of injury determined...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049087/raising-mean-arterial-pressure-alone-restores-20-of-intraoperative-neuromonitoring-losses
#17
Joshua Yang, David L Skaggs, Priscella Chan, Suken A Shah, Michael G Vitale, Geraldine Neiss, Nicholas Feinberg, Lindsay M Andras
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter prospective. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of intraoperative interventions in restoring intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) signals in pediatric spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No prior studies have prospectively examined the rate of return of IONM signals by increasing blood pressure (BP) alone. METHODS: Patients undergoing posterior spinal deformity surgery were enrolled at their preoperative appointment...
October 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016427/comparison-of-intended-lengthening-of-magnetically-controlled-growing-rods-ultrasound-versus-x-ray
#18
Mutlu Cobanoglu, Suken A Shah, Peter Gabos, Kenneth Rogers, Petya Yorgova, Geraldine Neiss, Leslie Grissom, William G Mackenzie
BACKGROUND: In the treatment of early onset scoliosis (EOS), there has been a trend to use magnetically controlled growing rods (MCGR) in order to reduce the number of surgeries. To confirm the amount of lengthening, spine radiographs were required. Recently, ultrasound (US) has been added to monitor lengthening of MCGR to avoid radiation exposure. Our aim was to determine whether US is as accurate as plain radiography (x-ray) in determining the amount of length achieved at individual MCGR lengthening episodes...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980764/exploring-the-formation-of-black-phosphorus-intercalation-compounds-with-alkali-metals
#19
Gonzalo Abellán, Christian Neiss, Vicent Lloret, Stefan Wild, Julio C Chacón-Torres, Katharina Werbach, Filippo Fedi, Hidetsugu Shiozawa, Andreas Görling, Herwig Peterlik, Thomas Pichler, Frank Hauke, Andreas Hirsch
Black phosphorus intercalation compounds (BPICs) with alkali metals (namely: K and Na) have been synthesized in bulk by solid-state as well as vapor-phase reactions. By means of a combination of in situ X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and DFT calculations the structural behavior of the BPICs at different intercalation stages has been demonstrated for the first time. Our results provide a glimpse into the very first steps of a new family of intercalation compounds, with a distinct behavior as compared to its graphite analogues (GICs), showing a remarkable structural complexity and a dynamic behavior...
October 5, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945952/noncovalent-functionalization-and-charge-transfer-in-antimonene
#20
Gonzalo Abellán, Pablo Ares, Stefan Wild, Edurne Nuin, Christian Neiss, David Rodriguez-San Miguel, Pilar Segovia, Carlos Gibaja, Enrique G Michel, Andreas Görling, Frank Hauke, Julio Gómez-Herrero, Andreas Hirsch, Félix Zamora
Antimonene, a novel group 15 two-dimensional material, is functionalized with a tailormade perylene bisimide through strong van der Waals interactions. The functionalization process leads to a significant quenching of the perylene fluorescence, and surpasses that observed for either graphene or black phosphorus, thus allowing straightforward characterization of the flakes by scanning Raman microscopy. Furthermore, scanning photoelectron microscopy studies and theoretical calculations reveal a remarkable charge-transfer behavior, being twice that of black phosphorus...
November 13, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
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