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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930781/is-article-methodological-quality-associated-with-conflicts-of-interest-an-analysis-of-the-plastic-surgery-literature
#1
Brian H Cho, Joseph Lopez, Jessica Means, Sandra Lopez, Jacqueline Milton, Anthony P Tufaro, James W May, Amir H Dorafshar
PURPOSE: Conflicts of interest (COI) are an emerging area of discussion within the field of plastic surgery. Recently, several reports have found that research studies that disclose COI are associated with publication of positive outcomes. We hypothesize that this association is driven by higher-quality studies receiving industry funding. This study aimed to investigate the association between industry support and study methodological quality. METHODS: We reviewed all entries in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Annals of Plastic Surgery, and Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery within a 1-year period encompassing 2013...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928047/quality-of-meta-analyses-in-major-leading-orthopedics-journals-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
X Zhi, Z Zhang, J Cui, X Zhai, X Chen, J Su
BACKGROUND: Meta-Analyses are the basis of professional and healthcare agencies recommendations and have a growing importance. Quality of meta-analyses has been investigated in some medical fields but to our best knowledge this issue remains fairly investigated in orthopedics. Therefore, we performed a systematic analysis to assess: 1) the quality of meta-analyses before and after the introduction of PRISMA statement as a comprehensive guideline and the use of the AMSTAR tool? 2) have some general characteristics influenced the quality of meta-analyses (country, funding source)? MATERIAL AND METHODS: We systematically searched the meta-analyses in the top four journals with the impact factor (2015) as following: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS), Osteoarthritis Cartilage, Arthroscopy, and Clinical Orthopaedics Related Research (CORR) from 2005 to 2008 and from 2012 to 2015...
September 16, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920015/working-with-bacteria-and-putting-bacteria-to-work-the-biopolitics-of-synthetic-biology-for-energy-in-the-united-kingdom
#3
Carmen McLeod, Brigitte Nerlich, Alison Mohr
The UK government has made significant investment into so called 'fourth-generation' biofuel technologies. These biofuels are based on engineering the metabolic pathways of bacteria in order to create products compatible with existing infrastructure. Bacteria play an important role in what is promoted as a potentially new biological industrial revolution, which could address some of the negative environmental legacies of the last. This article presents results from ethnographic research with synthetic biologists who are challenged with balancing the curiosity-driven and intrinsically fulfilling scientific task of working with bacteria, alongside the policy-driven task of putting bacteria to work for extrinsic economic gains...
August 2017: Energy Research & Social Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912062/simulation-of-a-dynamical-ecotourism-system-with-low-carbon-activity-a-case-from-western-china
#4
Yuan He, Ping Huang, Hong Xu
Currently, sustainable tourism is becoming more and more important in developing ecological economies. To achieve low-carbon development, some industries, such as logistics and municipal solid waste, have already taken action, but tourism has not attached sufficient importance to this issue. This paper designs an ecotourism system including tourism, carbon waste (solid waste and sewage), and ecology (water supply and green areas) to simulate low-carbon ecotourism through a quantitative approach. This paper explores the tourism system as well as some interactive factors and studies their quantitative relationship based on historical data...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892482/-spin-in-published-biomedical-literature-a-methodological-systematic-review
#5
Kellia Chiu, Quinn Grundy, Lisa Bero
In the scientific literature, spin refers to reporting practices that distort the interpretation of results and mislead readers so that results are viewed in a more favourable light. The presence of spin in biomedical research can negatively impact the development of further studies, clinical practice, and health policies. This systematic review aims to explore the nature and prevalence of spin in the biomedical literature. We searched MEDLINE, PreMEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, and hand searched reference lists for all reports that included the measurement of spin in the biomedical literature for at least 1 outcome...
September 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886049/can-public-health-reconcile-profits-and-pandemics-an-analysis-of-attitudes-to-commercial-sector-engagement-in-health-policy-and-research
#6
Jeff Collin, Sarah E Hill, Mor Kandlik Eltanani, Evgeniya Plotnikova, Rob Ralston, Katherine E Smith
BACKGROUND: Public health's terms of engagement with unhealthy commodity industries (alcohol, tobacco and ultra-processed food and drinks) have become increasingly contested in policy and research. We sought to identify approaches that could attract consensus support within and across policy domains. METHODS: Using snowball sampling, we undertook an online survey of 335 health researchers, advocates and policymakers, in 40 countries, assessing responses to stated principles, claims and recommendations for engaging with unhealthy commodity industries in relation to key policy and research initiatives...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885217/continuing-medical-education-and-pharmaceutical-industry-involvement-an-evaluation-of-policies-adopted-by-canadian-professional-medical-associations
#7
Adrienne Shnier, Joel Lexchin
BACKGROUND: Professional medical associations (PMAs) play a crucial role in providing accredited continuing medical education (CME) to physicians. Funding from the pharmaceutical industry may lead to biases in CME. OBJECTIVE: This study examines publicly available policies on CME, adopted by Canadian PMAs as of December 2015. METHODS: Policies were evaluated using an original scoring tool comprising 21 items, two questions about PMAs' general and CME funding from industry, and three enforcement measures...
2017: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882267/work-related-injuries-among-commercial-janitors-in-washington-state-comparisons-by-gender
#8
Caroline K Smith, Naomi J Anderson
INTRODUCTION: We analyzed workers' compensation (WC) data to identify characteristics related to workers' compensation claim outcomes among janitorial service workers in Washington State. METHOD: We analyzed WC data from the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries (L&I) State Fund (SF) from January 1, 2003 through December 31, 2013, for janitorial service workers employed in the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) Services Sector. We constructed multivariable models to identify factors associated with higher medical costs and increased time lost from work...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875435/client-and-partner-violence-among-urban-female-exotic-dancers-and-intentions-for-seeking-support-and-justice
#9
Michele R Decker, Jennifer E Nail, Sahnah Lim, Katherine Footer, Wendy Davis, Susan G Sherman
Urban female exotic dancers are thought to experience unique risk for violence and barriers to care, though limited research has focused on this aspect of urban sex industries. We characterize recent client-perpetrated and intimate partner violence (IPV) and their correlates, and describe women's intentions for violence-related help-seeking, among venue-based exotic dancers in a high-risk urban environment. We conducted a cross-sectional study with new female exotic dancers (n = 117) in Baltimore, MD. Over one third (36%) reported intimate partner violence (IPV), and 16% reported client physical or sexual violence, in the six months prior to the survey...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871971/financial-relationships-with-industry-of-editorial-board-members-of-the-three-journals-of%C3%A2-the-american-society-for-radiation-oncology
#10
Vivek Verma
PURPOSE: To quantitate financial conflicts of interest (FCOIs) among radiation oncology peer-reviewers, specifically editorial board members of the 3 American Society for Radiation Oncology journals. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The public Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Open Payments database delineates payments in 3 categories (general payments, research funding, and company ownership). After excluding non-US and non-MDs, names of board members were searched...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871628/response-to-stated-conclusion-about-industry-funding-is-opposite-to-what-the-paper-s-data-show-letter-regarding-selective-outcome-reporting-in-obesity-clinical-trials-a-cross-sectional-review
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869986/diagnostic-accuracy-of-novel-and-traditional-rapid-tests-for-influenza-infection-compared-with-reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Joanna Merckx, Rehab Wali, Ian Schiller, Chelsea Caya, Genevieve C Gore, Caroline Chartrand, Nandini Dendukuri, Jesse Papenburg
Background: Rapid and accurate influenza diagnostics can improve patient care. Purpose: To summarize and compare accuracy of traditional rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs), digital immunoassays (DIAs), and rapid nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) in children and adults with suspected influenza. Data Sources: 6 databases from their inception through May 2017. Study Selection: Studies in English, French, or Spanish comparing commercialized rapid tests (that is, providing results in <30 minutes) with reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction reference standard for influenza diagnosis...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864805/transforming-dental-technology-education-skills-knowledge-and-curricular-reform
#13
Anita M Bobich, Betty L Mitchell
Dental technology is one of the core allied dental health professions supporting the practice of dentistry. By definition, it is the art, science, and technologies that enable the design and fabrication of dental prostheses and/or corrective devices to restore natural teeth and supporting structures to fulfill a patient's physiological and esthetic needs. Dental technology educational programs are faced with serious challenges, including rapid changes in technology, inadequate funding for educational programs, and the need to develop curricula that reflect current industry needs...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854593/gynaecologists-and-industry-ain-t-no-sunshine
#14
Cynthia M Farquhar, Paolo Vercellini, Jane Marjoribanks
The field of reproductive medicine is known for its innovations, and where there is innovation there is marketing and engagement with the doctors who are potential prescribers and users of those innovations. Financial connections between drug and device manufacturers with doctors have been extensively debated over the past decade. On one hand, relationships between doctors and industry could be considered synergistic by allowing the development of improved treatments. On the other hand, payment (and other benefits) from industry to doctors may subtly shift the main objective of the collaboration from patients' health to mutual benefits for both doctors and industry...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851466/study-sponsorship-and-the-nutrition-research-agenda-analysis-of-cohort-studies-examining-the-association-between-nutrition-and-obesity
#15
Alice Fabbri, Nicholas Chartres, Lisa A Bero
OBJECTIVE: To categorize the research topics covered by a sample of cohort studies exploring the association between nutrition and obesity; to describe their funding sources; and to explore the association between funding sources and research topics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Cohort studies retrieved from MEDLINE and PubMed published between 2010 and 2016. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-one studies were included...
August 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851388/promoting-equitable-global-health-research-a-policy-analysis-of-the-canadian-funding-landscape
#16
Katrina Plamondon, Dylan Walters, Sandy Campbell, Jennifer Hatfield
BACKGROUND: Recognising radical shifts in the global health research (GHR) environment, participants in a 2013 deliberative dialogue called for careful consideration of equity-centred principles that should inform Canadian funding polices. This study examined the existing funding structures and policies of Canadian and international funders to inform the future design of a responsive GHR funding landscape. METHODS: We used a three-pronged analytical framework to review the ideas, interests and institutions implicated in publically accessible documents relevant to GHR funding...
August 29, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846738/-it-doesn-t-seem-to-make-sense-for-a-company-that-sells-cigarettes-to-help-smokers-stop-using-them-a-case-study-of-philip-morris-s-involvement-in-smoking-cessation
#17
Patricia A McDaniel, E Anne Lown, Ruth E Malone
BACKGROUND: In the late 1990s, American tobacco companies began offering limited cessation assistance to smokers by posting links on their company websites to government-sponsored smoking cessation resources. Philip Morris USA (PM) went further, funding youth cessation programs and creating its own online cessation program, QuitAssist. We explore why PM entered the cessation arena, and describe the variety of options considered and how PM-supported cessation programs were evaluated and promoted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842289/favorable-and-publicly-funded-studies-are-more-likely-to-be-published-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
W J Canestaro, N Hendrix, A Bansal, S D Sullivan, E B Devine, J J Carlson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify and quantify the characteristics of studies associated with the likelihood of publication. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We searched for manuscripts that tracked cohorts of clinical studies ('cohorts') that from launch to publication. We explored the association of study characteristics with the probability of publication via traditional meta-analyses and meta-regression using random effects models. RESULTS: The literature review identified 85 cohorts of studies that met our inclusion criteria...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837212/barriers-to-achieving-economies-of-scale-in-analysis-of-ehr-data-a-cautionary-tale
#19
Mark P Sendak, Suresh Balu, Kevin A Schulman
Signed in 2009, the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act infused $28 billion of federal funds to accelerate adoption of electronic health records (EHRs). Yet, EHRs have produced mixed results and have even raised concern that the current technology ecosystem stifles innovation. We describe the development process and report initial outcomes of a chronic kidney disease analytics application that identifies high-risk patients for nephrology referral. The cost to validate and integrate the analytics application into clinical workflow was $217,138...
August 9, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836222/the-implementation-of-managed-entry-agreements-in-central-and-eastern-europe-findings-and-implications
#20
Alessandra Ferrario, Diāna Arāja, Tomasz Bochenek, Tarik Čatić, Dávid Dankó, Maria Dimitrova, Jurij Fürst, Ieva Greičiūtė-Kuprijanov, Iris Hoxha, Arianit Jakupi, Erki Laidmäe, Olga Löblová, Ileana Mardare, Vanda Markovic-Pekovic, Dmitry Meshkov, Tanja Novakovic, Guenka Petrova, Maciej Pomorski, Dominik Tomek, Luka Voncina, Alan Haycox, Panos Kanavos, Patricia Vella Bonanno, Brian Godman
BACKGROUND: Managed entry agreements (MEAs) are a set of instruments to facilitate access to new medicines. This study surveyed the implementation of MEAs in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) where limited comparative information is currently available. METHOD: We conducted a survey on the implementation of MEAs in CEE between January and March 2017. RESULTS: Sixteen countries participated in this study. Across five countries with available data on the number of different MEA instruments implemented, the most common MEAs implemented were confidential discounts (n = 495, 73%), followed by paybacks (n = 92, 14%), price-volume agreements (n = 37, 5%), free doses (n = 25, 4%), bundle and other agreements (n = 19, 3%), and payment by result (n = 10, >1%)...
August 23, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
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