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digital footprint

Jiabei Zheng, Jeffrey A Fessler, Heang-Ping Chan
PURPOSE: Digital forward and back projectors play a significant role in iterative image reconstruction. The accuracy of the projector affects the quality of the reconstructed images. Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) often uses the ray-tracing (RT) projector that ignores finite detector element size. This paper proposes a modified version of the separable footprint (SF) projector, called the segmented separable footprint (SG) projector, that calculates efficiently the Radon transform mean value over each detector element...
January 6, 2017: Medical Physics
N Bidargaddi, P Musiat, V-P Makinen, M Ermes, G Schrader, J Licinio
Digital footprints, the automatically accumulated by-products of our technology-saturated lives, offer an exciting opportunity for psychiatric research. The commercial sector has already embraced the electronic trails of customers as an enabling tool for guiding consumer behaviour, and analogous efforts are ongoing to monitor and improve the mental health of psychiatric patients. The untargeted collection of digital footprints that may or may not be health orientated comprises a large untapped information resource for epidemiological scale research into psychiatric disorders...
February 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
Mi Feng, Cheng Deng, Evan M Peck, Lane Harrison
Physical and digital objects often leave markers of our use. Website links turn purple after we visit them, for example, showing us information we have yet to explore. These "footprints" of interaction offer substantial benefits in information saturated environments - they enable us to easily revisit old information, systematically explore new information, and quickly resume tasks after interruption. While applying these design principles have been successful in HCI contexts, direct encodings of personal interaction history have received scarce attention in data visualization...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Marja Harjumaa, Saila Saraniemi, Saara Pekkarinen, Minna Lappi, Heidi Similä, Minna Isomursu
BACKGROUND: As a result of digitalization, data is available about almost every aspect of our lives. Personal data collected by individuals themselves or stored by organizations interacting with people is known as a digital footprint. The purpose of this study was to identify prerequisites for collecting and using digital data that could be valuable for health data analytics and new health services. METHODS: Researchers and their contacts involved in a nationwide research project focusing on digital health in Finland were asked to participate in a pilot study on collecting their own personal data from various organizations of their own choice, such as retail chains, banks, insurance companies, and healthcare providers...
November 9, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Jimin Kwon, Yasunori Takeda, Kenjiro Fukuda, Kilwon Cho, Shizuo Tokito, Sungjune Jung
In this paper, we demonstrate three-dimensional (3D) integrated circuits (ICs) based on a 3D complementary organic field-effect transistor (3D-COFET). The transistor-on-transistor structure was achieved by vertically stacking a p-type OFET over an n-type OFET with a shared gate joining the two transistors, effectively halving the footprint of printed transistors. All the functional layers including organic semiconductors, source/drain/gate electrodes, and interconnection paths were fully inkjet-printed except a parylene dielectric which was deposited by chemical vapor deposition...
November 22, 2016: ACS Nano
Sinan Karaca, Ahmet Onur Akpolat, Ahmet Oztermeli, Mehmet Nuri Erdem, Mehmet Aydogan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess appropriateness of the sizes of available cervical disc prostheses based on tomographic measurement of human cervical vertebrae. METHODS: The anatomic dimensions of the C3-C7 segments were measured on 50 patients (age range 26-47 years) with computerized tomography scan and compared with the sizes of the popular cervical total disc prostheses (CTDP) at the market [Bryan (Medtronic), Prodisc-C (Synthes), Prestige LP (Medtronic), Discover (DePuy)]...
October 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Hang Feng, Xiangyi Fang, Dageng Huang, Chengcheng Yu, Songchuan Zhao, Dingjun Hao
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cervical disc arthroplasty has been gradually adopted as an alternative for the treatment of cervical degenerative disease. However, there is a large discrepancy between footprints of currently available cervical disc prostheses and anatomic dimensions of cervical end plates. PURPOSE: This study aimed to accurately and comprehensively quantify the three-dimensional (3D) anatomic morphology of the cervical vertebral end plate and provide a theoretical basis for designing appropriate disc prostheses...
October 3, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Petr Dzik, Michal Veselý, Martina Pachovská, Michael Neumann-Spallart
A novel outline of a planar photoelectrochemical cell consisting of a semiconductor layer topped by subsequent layers of a digitated insulator and counter electrode is introduced. The use of vertically separated electrodes represents a major development in reducing the footprint (inactive areas) of planar electrochemical cells. The cells, consisting of a nanoparticular titania photoanode and a digitated, metallic cathode, were fabricated by a strictly additive process employing material printing as the exclusive deposition and patterning tool...
September 16, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Erin E Swinstead, Ville Paakinaho, Diego M Presman, Gordon L Hager
Transcription factor (TF) signaling regulates gene transcription and requires a complex network of proteins. This network includes co-activators, co-repressors, multiple TFs, histone-modifying complexes, and the basal transcription machinery. It has been widely appreciated that pioneer factors, such as FoxA1 and GATA1, play an important role in opening closed chromatin regions, thereby allowing binding of a secondary factor. In this review we will focus on a newly proposed model wherein multiple TFs, such as steroid receptors (SRs), can function in a pioneering role...
September 16, 2016: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Koji Imai, Hidenori Karasaki, Yusuke Ono, Junpei Sasajima, Shin-Ichi Chiba, Hiroshi Funakoshi, Miho Muraki, Hideki Hanaoka, Takahisa Furukawa, Hiroyuki Furukawa, Toru Kono, Kazuo Nagashima, Yusuke Mizukami
Clonal populations originated from benign-looking 'founder cells' may spread widely within pancreas instead of being localized in situ before frank pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) can be detected. Metachronous PDA is not common event, and we here sought to define potent origin of multiple PDAs developed in a woman using advanced genetics technologies. Curative resection of pancreatic head tumour was performed; however, 'recurrent' lesions in the remnant pancreas were found 3.5 years later and total pancreatectomy was subsequently performed...
April 2015: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
Hong Qi, Pedro Manrique, Daniela Johnson, Elvira Restrepo, Neil F Johnson
There is enormous interest in inferring features of human behavior in the real world from potential digital footprints created online - particularly at the collective level, where the sheer volume of online activity may indicate some changing mood within the population regarding a particular topic. Civil unrest is a prime example, involving the spontaneous appearance of large crowds of otherwise unrelated people on the street on a certain day. While indicators of brewing protests might be gleaned from individual online communications or account content (e...
2016: EPJ Data Science
Lukas Fricker, Vincenzo Penna, Florian Lampert, G Bjoern Stark, Christian Witzel, Georgios Koulaxouzidis
The sciatic functional index (SFI) is a popular parameter for peripheral nerve evaluation that relies on footprints obtained with ink and paper. Drawbacks include smearing artefacts and a lack of dynamic information during measurement. Modern applications use digitized systems that can deliver results with less analytical effort and fewer mice. However, the systems are expensive (€40,000). This study aimed to evaluate the applicability and precision of a self-made, low-cost infrared system for evaluating SFI in mice...
May 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
Kate Kahle, Aviv J Sharon, Ayelet Baram-Tsabari
Although the scientific community increasingly recognizes that its communication with the public may shape civic engagement with science, few studies have characterized how this communication occurs online. Social media plays a growing role in this engagement, yet it is not known if or how different platforms support different types of engagement. This study sets out to explore how users engage with science communication items on different platforms of social media, and what are the characteristics of the items that tend to attract large numbers of user interactions...
2016: PloS One
Zoe C Jewell, Sky K Alibhai, Florian Weise, Stuart Munro, Marlice Van Vuuren, Rudie Van Vuuren
The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is Africa's most endangered large felid and listed as Vulnerable with a declining population trend by the IUCN(1). It ranges widely over sub-Saharan Africa and in parts of the Middle East. Cheetah conservationists face two major challenges, conflict with landowners over the killing of domestic livestock, and concern over range contraction. Understanding of the latter remains particularly poor(2). Namibia is believed to support the largest number of cheetahs of any range country, around 30%, but estimates range from 2,905(3) to 13,520(4)...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Niels J Korsgaard, Christopher Nuth, Shfaqat A Khan, Kristian K Kjeldsen, Anders A Bjørk, Anders Schomacker, Kurt H Kjær
Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) play a prominent role in glaciological studies for the mass balance of glaciers and ice sheets. By providing a time snapshot of glacier geometry, DEMs are crucial for most glacier evolution modelling studies, but are also important for cryospheric modelling in general. We present a historical medium-resolution DEM and orthophotographs that consistently cover the entire surroundings and margins of the Greenland Ice Sheet 1978-1987. About 3,500 aerial photographs of Greenland are combined with field surveyed geodetic ground control to produce a 25 m gridded DEM and a 2 m black-and-white digital orthophotograph...
2016: Scientific Data
J Gordon Burrow
This small-scale study examined the role that bare footprint collection and measurement processes have on the Reel method of measurement in forensic podiatry and its use in the Criminal Justice System. Previous research indicated that the Reel method was a valid and reliable measurement system for bare footprint analysis but various collection systems have been used to collect footprint data and both manual and digital measurement processes were utilized in forensic podiatry and other disciplines. This study contributes to the debate about collecting bare footprints; the techniques employed to quantify various Reel measurements and considered whether there was asymmetry between feet and footprints of the same person...
May 2016: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
Leimeng Zhuang, Chen Zhu, Bill Corcoran, Maurizio Burla, Chris G H Roeloffzen, Arne Leinse, Jochen Schröder, Arthur J Lowery
Modern optical communications rely on high-resolution, high-bandwidth filtering to maximize the data-carrying capacity of fiber-optic networks. Such filtering typically requires high-speed, power-hungry digital processes in the electrical domain. Passive optical filters currently provide high bandwidths with low power consumption, but at the expense of resolution. Here, we present a passive filter chip that functions as an optical Nyquist-filtering interleaver featuring sub-GHz resolution and a near-rectangular passband with 8% roll-off...
March 21, 2016: Optics Express
Kevin D Phelps, Bryan W Ming, Wade E Fox, Nelly Bellamy, Stephen H Sims, Madhav A Karunakar, Joseph R Hsu
OBJECTIVES: To aid in surgical planning by quantifying and comparing the osseous exposure between the anterior and posterior approaches to the sacroiliac joint. METHODS: Anterior and posterior approaches were performed on 12 sacroiliac joints in 6 fresh-frozen torsos. Visual and palpable access to relevant surgical landmarks was recorded. Calibrated digital photographs were taken of each approach and analyzed using Image J. RESULTS: The average surface areas of exposed bone were 44 and 33 cm for the anterior and posterior approaches, respectively...
June 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Sarah Sharples, Robert J Houghton
The increasing prevalence of affordable digital sensors, ubiquitous networking and computation puts us at what is only the start of a new era in terms of the volume, coverage and granularity of data that we can access about individuals and workplaces. This paper examines the consequences of harnessing this data deluge for the practice of E/HF. Focusing on what we term the 'contextual digital footprint', the trail of data we produce through interactions with many different digital systems over the course of even a single day, we describe three example scenarios (drawn from health care, distributed work and transportation) and examine how access to data directly drawn in considerable volume from the field will potentially change our application of design and evaluation methods...
March 30, 2016: Ergonomics
Teresa Chinn, Jenny Clarke
Social media are playing a bigger and bigger part in our personal lives and what's more they are now infiltrating our professional lives, too. Moving from just 'being on' social media to using social media effectively as a midwife, is a huge challenge that many midwives are facing. To be effective and to really utilise social media to their full potential, midwives need to consider role-modelling, leading, social capital, digital footprint, visibility and continuing professional development. If all of these aspects are considered and midwives take a more considered approach to social media, they can really start to benefit from engaging in these online spaces...
February 2016: Practising Midwife
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