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IV vitamin C

R N Ugbaja, T O Olaniyan, O K Afolabi, B O Onunkwor, O A Dosumu, T F Akinhanmi, A Y Tiamiyu, N O Aliyu-Banjo
To investigate the effects of vitamin C and E on electrolyte profile and the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in Aluminium (Al) chloride exposed rats, thirty-six male rats were used for this study. The animals were randomly grouped into six (n=6); group I (Control) was given normal saline. Group II (Al only) was exposed to 20mg/kg body weight (BW) of Al. Groups III (Vitamin C only) and IV (Vitamin E only) were administered 200mg/kg BW of vitamin C and vitamin E respectively. Groups V (Al + Vit C) and VI (Al + Vit E) were exposed to 20mg/kg Al and were treated with 200mg/kg vitamin C and vitamin E respectively...
December 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
Rebecca L Scalzo, Timothy A Bauer, Kylie Harrall, Kerrie Moreau, Cemal Ozemek, Leah Herlache, Shawna McMillin, Amy G Huebschmann, Jennifer Dorosz, Jane E B Reusch, Judith G Regensteiner
Background: People with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have impaired exercise capacity, even in the absence of complications, which is predictive of their increased cardiovascular mortality. Cardiovascular dysfunction is one potential cause of this exercise defect. Acute infusion of vitamin C has been separately shown to improve diastolic and endothelial function in prior studies. We hypothesized that acute vitamin C infusion would improve exercise capacity and that these improvements would be associated with improved cardiovascular function...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Jeanne A Drisko, Oscar K Serrano, Lisa R Spruce, Qi Chen, Mark Levine
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) has a dismal prognosis and is often discovered at an advanced stage with few therapeutic options. Current conventional regimens for PDA are associated with significant morbidity, decreased quality of life, and a considerable financial burden. As a result, some patients turn to integrative medicine therapies as an alternate option after a diagnosis of PDA. Intravenous pharmacologic ascorbic acid (PAA) is one such treatment. The use of PAA has been passionately debated for many years, but more recent rigorous scientific research has shown that there are significant blood concentration differences when ascorbic acid is given parenterally when compared to oral dosing...
February 12, 2018: Anti-cancer Drugs
Collin D Heer, Andrew B Davis, David B Riffe, Brett A Wagner, Kelly C Falls, Bryan G Allen, Garry R Buettner, Robert A Beardsley, Dennis P Riley, Douglas R Spitz
Lung cancer, together with head and neck cancer, accounts for more than one-fourth of cancer deaths worldwide. New, non-toxic therapeutic approaches are needed. High-dose IV vitamin C (aka, pharmacological ascorbate; P-AscH-) represents a promising adjuvant to radiochemotherapy that exerts its anti-cancer effects via metal-catalyzed oxidation to form H₂O₂. Mn(III)-porphyrins possessing superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic activity have been shown to increase the rate of oxidation of AscH-, enhancing the anti-tumor effects of AscH- in several cancer types...
January 19, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Jowell Garcia, Alka Garg, Yunmei Song, Ambados Fotios, Chad Andersen, Sanjay Garg
There is increasing interest to administer ibuprofen as a continuous infusion instead of a traditional bolus for treating Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA). However, its compatibility data with commonly used drugs in the neonatal period, including parenteral nutrition (PN) and lipids is unavailable. The aim is to determine the compatibility of intravenous ibuprofen lysine with various ANZNN parenteral nutrition consensus group standard neonatal PN formulations and lipids. The PN and lipid solutions used in a tertiary neonatal unit were obtained...
2018: PloS One
Brian J Rebolledo, Johnathan A Bernard, Brian C Werner, Andrea K Finlay, Benedict U Nwachukwu, David M Dare, Russell F Warren, Scott A Rodeo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between serum vitamin D level and the prevalence of lower extremity muscle strains and core muscle injuries in elite level athletes at the National Football League (NFL) combine. METHODS: During the 2015 NFL combine, all athletes with available serum vitamin D levels were included for study. Baseline data were collected, including age, race, body mass index, position, injury history specific to lower extremity muscle strain or core muscle injury, and Functional Movement Screen scores...
December 19, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Burton M Berkson, Francisco Calvo Riera
In this case report, we describe the treatment of a 64-year-old male patient diagnosed with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in June of 2008. In spite of a left nephrectomy and the standard oncological protocols, the patient developed a solitary left lung metastasis that continued to grow. He was informed that given his diagnosis and poor response to conventional therapy, any further treatment would, at best, be palliative. The patient arrived at the Integrative Medical Center of New Mexico in August of 2010...
December 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Moayad Mustafa Hejazi, Ala Osman Bacha, Mohammed Kaleemuddin, Fahad A Al-Abassi, Abdulbasit I Al-Alsieni, Imran Kazmi, Firoz Anwar
The present study is designed for the assessment of various pathological changes like immunoglobins, C-reactive protein, vitamin D, sodium, potassium, calcium in stress-induced hypertensive rats. Albino Wistar rats of sex male were grouped into six. Each group consists of six animals. Groups were Group I (normal control), Group II (disease control), Group III (amlodipine control), Group IV (atenolol control), Group V (amlodipine treatment), and Group VI (atenolol treatment). Group II, V, and VI animals exposed to regular stress by placing them in cages individually and giving foot electric shocks (1 mA, 50 ms duration with 0...
December 16, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Olorunfemi R Molehin, Omotade I Oloyede, Kehinde A Idowu, Anne A Adeyanju, Ayorinde O Olowoyeye, Olusegun I Tubi, Olayemi E Komolafe, Aanuoluwapo S Gold
Currently, there is increasing attention towards flavonoids and phenolic compounds of plant origin because of their association with decrease in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and different types of cancer. The present study investigates the protective effect of Clerodendrum volubile (C. volubile) methanolic extracts against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 )-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Control rats (group I) received olive oil (1 mL/kg, i.p.), group II received CCl4 in olive oil (1 ml/kg, i.p.) to induce hepatotoxicity, groups III, IV and V were pretreated with leaf extract of C...
December 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Louis L Huang, Darren Lee, Stefanie M Troster, Annette B Kent, Matthew A Roberts, Iain C Macdougall, Lawrence P McMahon
Background: Intravenous (IV) iron can modulate fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) concentrations and cause transient but significant hypophosphataemia. However, it is unknown what other markers might be involved, especially in different patient groups. This study aimed to determine changes in bone and haematinic biomarkers following IV ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) and to identify risk factors for hypophosphataemia in pregnant subjects and those with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: Changes in bone [serum FGF23, fractional excretion of phosphate urinary fractional excretion of phosphate (FEPi), serum phosphate and serum vitamin D derivatives] and haematinic [plasma hepcidin, serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (TSAT)] biomarkers after 1 g of IV FCM were followed in iron-deficient pregnant and CKD patients and compared with controls (estimated glomerular filtration rate > 60 mL/min/1...
November 17, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Sara Zeynelabidin, Femke C C Klouwer, Joost C M Meijers, Monique H Suijker, Marc Engelen, Bwee Tien Poll-The, C Heleen van Ommen
INTRODUCTION: Zellweger spectrum disorders (ZSDs) are caused by an impairment of peroxisome biogenesis, resulting in multiple metabolic abnormalities. This leads to a range of symptoms, including hepatic dysfunction and coagulopathy. This study evaluated the incidence and severity of coagulopathy and the effect of vitamin K supplementation orally and IV in ZSD. METHODS: Data were retrospectively retrieved from the medical records of 30 ZSD patients to study coagulopathy and the effect of vitamin K orally on proteins induced by vitamin K absence (PIVKA-II) levels...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Cristina Lussi, Angela Frotzler, Andreas Jenny, Dirk J Schaefer, Reto W Kressig, Anke Scheel-Sailer
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: To describe (i) the nutritional blood parameters (NBP) and the nutritional risk screening (NRS) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and pressure ulcers (PU) III and IV according to the EPUAP classification, and (ii) the relationship between both NBP and NRS. SETTING: SCI acute care and rehabilitation clinic in Switzerland. METHODS: The NBPs were measured upon the admission of patients treated for PU III and IV between 11/2011 and 12/2014...
October 23, 2017: Spinal Cord
Amy C Brown
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to create an online research summary table of heart toxicity case reports related to dietary supplements (DS; includes herbs). METHODS: Documented PubMed case reports of DS appearing to contribute to heart-related problems were used to create a "Toxic Table" that summarized the research (1966 to April, 2016, and cross-referencing). Keywords included "herb," "dietary supplement," and cardiac terms. Case reports were excluded if they were herb combinations (some exceptions), Chinese herb mixtures, teas of mixed herb contents, mushrooms, poisonous plants, self-harm (e...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Kaori Miura, Akihiro Tai
Ascorbic acid (AA) has been reported as a treatment for cancer patients. Intravenous (iv) administration of high-dose AA increases plasma AA levels to pharmacologic concentrations and generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) to exert anti-tumor activity via enhancement of oxidative stress. However, AA is very unstable in aqueous solutions and it is impossible to preserve AA for a long period in a solution. 2-O-α-D-Glucopyranosyl-l-ascorbic acid (AA-2G), which is a glucoside derivative of AA, has been found to exhibit much higher stability than AA in aqueous solutions and it shows vitamin C activity after enzymatic hydrolysis to AA...
July 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Bram Piersma, Olaf Y Wouters, Saskia de Rond, Miriam Boersema, Rutger A F Gjaltema, Ruud A Bank
l-Ascorbic acid (AA), generally known as vitamin C, is a crucial cofactor for a variety of enzymes, including prolyl-3-hydroxylase (P3H), prolyl-4-hydroxylase (P4H), and lysyl hydroxylase (LH)-mediated collagen maturation. Here, we investigated whether AA has additional functions in the regulation of the myofibroblast phenotype, besides its function in collagen biosynthesis. We found that AA positively influences TGFβ1-induced expression of COL1A1, ACTA2, and COL4A1 Moreover, we demonstrated that AA promotes αSMA stress fiber formation as well as the synthesis and deposition of collagens type I and IV Additionally, AA amplified the contractile phenotype of the myofibroblasts, as seen by increased contraction of a 3D collagen lattice...
September 2017: Physiological Reports
Jun Ho Lee, Hyo Serk Lee
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between dietary nutrients and female urinary incontinence using nationally representative data from Korea. METHODS: We included 8090 women aged >20 years who had participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV. We carried out a propensity-matched study by identifying women with urinary incontinence. Women without urinary incontinence, matched for age, body mass index, menopause, delivery history, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, stroke, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and amount of total food intake, were included as a control group at a 2:1 ratio (661 women with urinary incontinence; 1322 women without urinary incontinence)...
November 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
U Wollina, G Hansel, E Zschuppe, G Tchernev
Pemetrexed is a multi-targeted folate antagonists approved for non-small cell lung cancer and other malignancies. Adverse cutaneous reactions have been reported in up to 1/3 of patients treated. A rare cutaneous adverse reaction is pseudocellulitis. We report about a 62-year-old male patient treated with a combination of cisplatin and pemetrexed for non-small cell lung cancer stage IV who developed about 4 months after initiation of treatment painful, non-febrile erythematous lesions on feet and lower legs...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
U Hansel G Zschuppe E Tchernev G Wollina
Pemetrexed is a multi-targeted folate antagonists approved for non-small cell lung cancer and other malignancies. Adverse cutaneous reactions have been reported in up to 1/3 of patients treated. A rare cutaneous adverse reaction is pseudocellulitis. We report about a 62-year-old male patient treated with a combination of cisplatin and pemetrexed for non-small cell lung cancer stage IV who developed about 4 months after initiation of treatment painful, non-febrile erythematous lesions on feet and lower legs...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
Krishnan Ravikumar, Dhalapathy Sadacharan, Sankaran Muthukumar, Thalavai Sundarram, Selladurai Periyasamy, R V Suresh
BACKGROUND: Postoperative transient hypocalcemia is sequelae of total thyroidectomy (TT), which is observed in up to 50% of patients. Routine oral calcium and Vitamin D supplementation have been proposed to prevent symptomatic hypocalcemia preventing morbidity and facilitating early discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 208 patients with nontoxic benign thyroid disorders, undergoing TT, were serially randomized into four groups: Group A (no supplements were given), Group B (oral calcium - 2 g/day given), Group C (calcium and calcitriol - 1 mcg/day are given), and Group D (calcium, calcitriol, and cholecalciferol - 60,000 IU/day are given)...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Francesco La Marra, Giuseppe Stinco, Cinzia Buligan, Giovanni Chiriacò, Diego Serraino, Carla Di Loreto, Sabina Cauci
OBJECTIVE: : Vitamin D receptor (VDR) mediates vitamin D activity. We examined whether VDR expression in excised melanoma tissues is associated with VDR gene (VDR) polymorphisms. METHODS: : We evaluated VDR protein expression (by monoclonal antibody immunostaining), melanoma characteristics, and carriage of VDR-FokI-rs2228570 (C>T),VDR-BsmI-rs1544410 (G>A),VDR-ApaI-rs7975232 (T>G), andVDR-TaqI-rs731236 (T>C) polymorphisms (by restriction fragment length polymorphism)...
May 2017: Cancer Biology & Medicine
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