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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139025/coagulopathy-in-zellweger-spectrum-disorders-a-role-for-vitamin-k
#1
Sara Zeynelabidin, Femke C C Klouwer, Joost C M Meijers, Monique H Suijker, Marc Engelen, Bwee Tien Poll-The, C Heleen van Ommen
INTRODUCTION: Zellweger spectrum disorders (ZSDs) are caused by an impairment of peroxisome biogenesis, resulting in multiple metabolic abnormalities. This leads to a range of symptoms, including hepatic dysfunction and coagulopathy. This study evaluated the incidence and severity of coagulopathy and the effect of vitamin K supplementation orally and IV in ZSD. METHODS: Data were retrospectively retrieved from the medical records of 30 ZSD patients to study coagulopathy and the effect of vitamin K orally on proteins induced by vitamin K absence (PIVKA-II) levels...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057992/nutritional-blood-parameters-and-nutritional-risk-screening-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-deep-pressure-ulcer-a-retrospective-chart-analysis
#2
Cristina Lussi, Angela Frotzler, Andreas Jenny, Dirk J Schaefer, Reto W Kressig, Anke Scheel-Sailer
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: To describe (i) the nutritional blood parameters (NBP) and the nutritional risk screening (NRS) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and pressure ulcers (PU) III and IV according to the EPUAP classification, and (ii) the relationship between both NBP and NRS. SETTING: SCI acute care and rehabilitation clinic in Switzerland. METHODS: The NBPs were measured upon the admission of patients treated for PU III and IV between 11/2011 and 12/2014...
October 23, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981338/heart-toxicity-related-to-herbs-and-dietary-supplements-online-table-of-case-reports-part-4-of-5
#3
Amy C Brown
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to create an online research summary table of heart toxicity case reports related to dietary supplements (DS; includes herbs). METHODS: Documented PubMed case reports of DS appearing to contribute to heart-related problems were used to create a "Toxic Table" that summarized the research (1966 to April, 2016, and cross-referencing). Keywords included "herb," "dietary supplement," and cardiac terms. Case reports were excluded if they were herb combinations (some exceptions), Chinese herb mixtures, teas of mixed herb contents, mushrooms, poisonous plants, self-harm (e...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955751/2-o-%C3%AE-d-glucopyranosyl-l-ascorbic-acid-as-an-antitumor-agent-for-infusion-therapy
#4
Kaori Miura, Akihiro Tai
Ascorbic acid (AA) has been reported as a treatment for cancer patients. Intravenous (iv) administration of high-dose AA increases plasma AA levels to pharmacologic concentrations and generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) to exert anti-tumor activity via enhancement of oxidative stress. However, AA is very unstable in aqueous solutions and it is impossible to preserve AA for a long period in a solution. 2-O-α-D-Glucopyranosyl-l-ascorbic acid (AA-2G), which is a glucoside derivative of AA, has been found to exhibit much higher stability than AA in aqueous solutions and it shows vitamin C activity after enzymatic hydrolysis to AA...
July 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904079/ascorbic-acid-promotes-a-tgf%C3%AE-1-induced-myofibroblast-phenotype-switch
#5
Bram Piersma, Olaf Y Wouters, Saskia de Rond, Miriam Boersema, Rutger A F Gjaltema, Ruud A Bank
l-Ascorbic acid (AA), generally known as vitamin C, is a crucial cofactor for a variety of enzymes, including prolyl-3-hydroxylase (P3H), prolyl-4-hydroxylase (P4H), and lysyl hydroxylase (LH)-mediated collagen maturation. Here, we investigated whether AA has additional functions in the regulation of the myofibroblast phenotype, besides its function in collagen biosynthesis. We found that AA positively influences TGFβ1-induced expression of COL1A1, ACTA2, and COL4A1 Moreover, we demonstrated that AA promotes αSMA stress fiber formation as well as the synthesis and deposition of collagens type I and IV Additionally, AA amplified the contractile phenotype of the myofibroblasts, as seen by increased contraction of a 3D collagen lattice...
September 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845528/nutrient-intake-and-urinary-incontinence-in-korean-women-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#6
Jun Ho Lee, Hyo Serk Lee
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between dietary nutrients and female urinary incontinence using nationally representative data from Korea. METHODS: We included 8090 women aged >20 years who had participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV. We carried out a propensity-matched study by identifying women with urinary incontinence. Women without urinary incontinence, matched for age, body mass index, menopause, delivery history, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, stroke, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and amount of total food intake, were included as a control group at a 2:1 ratio (661 women with urinary incontinence; 1322 women without urinary incontinence)...
November 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745612/pemetrexed-induced-pseudocellulitis-a-rare-cutaneous-adverse-reaction-to-multi-targeted-antifolate-therapy
#7
U Wollina, G Hansel, E Zschuppe, G Tchernev
Pemetrexed is a multi-targeted folate antagonists approved for non-small cell lung cancer and other malignancies. Adverse cutaneous reactions have been reported in up to 1/3 of patients treated. A rare cutaneous adverse reaction is pseudocellulitis. We report about a 62-year-old male patient treated with a combination of cisplatin and pemetrexed for non-small cell lung cancer stage IV who developed about 4 months after initiation of treatment painful, non-febrile erythematous lesions on feet and lower legs...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726660/pemetrexed-induced-pseudocellulitis-a-rare-cutaneous-adverse-reaction-to-multi-targeted-antifolate-therapy
#8
U Hansel G Zschuppe E Tchernev G Wollina
Pemetrexed is a multi-targeted folate antagonists approved for non-small cell lung cancer and other malignancies. Adverse cutaneous reactions have been reported in up to 1/3 of patients treated. A rare cutaneous adverse reaction is pseudocellulitis. We report about a 62-year-old male patient treated with a combination of cisplatin and pemetrexed for non-small cell lung cancer stage IV who developed about 4 months after initiation of treatment painful, non-febrile erythematous lesions on feet and lower legs...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670529/a-prospective-study-on-role-of-supplemental-oral-calcium-and-vitamin-d-in-prevention-of-postthyroidectomy-hypocalcemia
#9
Krishnan Ravikumar, Dhalapathy Sadacharan, Sankaran Muthukumar, Thalavai Sundarram, Selladurai Periyasamy, R V Suresh
BACKGROUND: Postoperative transient hypocalcemia is sequelae of total thyroidectomy (TT), which is observed in up to 50% of patients. Routine oral calcium and Vitamin D supplementation have been proposed to prevent symptomatic hypocalcemia preventing morbidity and facilitating early discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 208 patients with nontoxic benign thyroid disorders, undergoing TT, were serially randomized into four groups: Group A (no supplements were given), Group B (oral calcium - 2 g/day given), Group C (calcium and calcitriol - 1 mcg/day are given), and Group D (calcium, calcitriol, and cholecalciferol - 60,000 IU/day are given)...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607807/immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-vitamin-d-receptor-vdr-expression-in-cutaneous-melanoma-tissues-and-four-vdr-gene-polymorphisms
#10
Francesco La Marra, Giuseppe Stinco, Cinzia Buligan, Giovanni Chiriacò, Diego Serraino, Carla Di Loreto, Sabina Cauci
OBJECTIVE: : Vitamin D receptor (VDR) mediates vitamin D activity. We examined whether VDR expression in excised melanoma tissues is associated with VDR gene (VDR) polymorphisms. METHODS: : We evaluated VDR protein expression (by monoclonal antibody immunostaining), melanoma characteristics, and carriage of VDR-FokI-rs2228570 (C>T),VDR-BsmI-rs1544410 (G>A),VDR-ApaI-rs7975232 (T>G), andVDR-TaqI-rs731236 (T>C) polymorphisms (by restriction fragment length polymorphism)...
May 2017: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572888/association-between-the-eating-family-meal-and-the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-using-data-from-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#11
Shin-Ae Park, Woo-Chul Park, Yu-Jin Kwon, Jae-Yong Shim
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that family meals promote a well-balanced and healthier diet and weight status. Metabolic syndrome is related to eating behavior. This study investigated the association between eating family meals and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 4,529 subjects who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV and V (2007-2012). A self-reported questionnaire was used to assess dietary status...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549591/single-allele-lmbrd1-knockout-results-in-cardiac-hypertrophy
#12
Linda Tzu-Ling Tseng, Chieh-Liang Lin, Kuei-Hsiang Pan, Kai-Yuan Tzen, Ming-Jai Su, Chia-Ti Tsai, Yi-Han Li, Pai-Chi Li, Fu-Tien Chiang, Shin C Chang, Ming-Fu Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: LMBD1 protein, a type IV-B plasma membrane protein possessing nine putative trans-membrane domains, was previously demonstrated at cellular level to play a critical part in the signaling cascade of insulin receptor through its involvement in regulating clathrin-mediated endocytosis. However, at physiological level, the significance of LMBD1 protein in cardiac development remains unclear. METHODS: To understand the role of Lmbrd1 gene involved in the cardiac function, heterozygous knockout mice were used as an animal model system...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543073/rapid-response-to-intravenous-vitamin%C3%A2-k-may-obviate-the-need-to-transfuse-prothrombin-complex-concentrates
#13
Tanmay Sahai, Maria F Tavares, Joseph D Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Patients on warfarin who present with bleeding or who require an urgent procedure are commonly treated with intravenous (IV) vitamin K, which is supplemented with repletion of the vitamin K factors using either plasma or a prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC). In some such cases, use of vitamin K alone could be adequate to achieve acceptable hemostasis. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: An algorithm emphasizing the use of vitamin K alone in patients presenting with non-life-threatening bleeding was encouraged, with repeat testing of the international normalized ratio (INR) within 5 hours...
August 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493385/effects-of-25-hydroxycholecalciferol-with-two-d3-vitamin-levels-on-production-and-immunity-parameters-in-broiler-chickens
#14
J R Vazquez, G V Gómez, C C López, A C Cortés, A C Díaz, S R T Fernández, E M Rosales, A G Avila
This study was performed in Ross 308 chickens aged 1-21 days and aimed to evaluate whether the addition of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D3 ) to broiler chicken diets affects their growth performance and immunity. A completely random 2 × 2 factorial arrangement was used with two levels of vitamin D3 and the absence or presence of 25(OH)D3 , corresponding to four treatments based on sorghum + soya bean diets: (i) 200 IU of vitamin D3 /kg of feed (Diet 1) (NRC, ), (ii) Diet 1 + 69 μg of 25(OH)D3 /kg of feed (Diet 2), (iii) 5,000 IU of vitamin D3 /kg of feed (Diet 3) and (iv) Diet 3 + 69 μg of 25(OH)D3 /kg of feed (Diet 4)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456003/sodium-dependent-vitamin-c-transporter-2-deficiency-impairs-myelination-and-remyelination-after-injury-roles-of-collagen-and-demethylation
#15
Dominik Röhr, Hartmut Halfter, Jörg B Schulz, Peter Young, Burkhard Gess
Peripheral nerve myelination involves rapid production of tightly bound lipid layers requiring cholesterol biosynthesis and myelin protein expression, but also a collagen-containing extracellular matrix providing mechanical stability. In previous studies, we showed a function of ascorbic acid in peripheral nerve myelination and extracellular matrix formation in adult mice. Here, we sought the mechanism of action of ascorbic acid in peripheral nerve myelination using different paradigms of myelination in vivo and in vitro...
April 29, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448868/protective-effects-of-teucrium-polium-aqueous-extract-and-ascorbic-acid-on-hematological-and-some-biochemical-parameters-against-carbon-tetrachloride-ccl4-induced-toxicity-in-rats
#16
Fatma Rahmouni, Latifa Hamdaoui, Riadh Badraoui, Tarek Rebai
Herbal drugs play a crucial function to protect organisms from the toxic effect of some compounds. The present study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of Teucrium Polium (TP) aqueous extract and vitamin C (Vit C) against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) which induced toxicity in rats. Male albino Wistar rats were divided into six groups: group I was used as controls, group II received CCl4 in olive oil (0.5ml/kg) by gavage, and group III received CCl4 in olive oil (0.5ml/kg) by gavage after three days of receiving TP (5g/l), orally, for seven days; Group IV received TP (5g/l) alone, orally, for seven days, Group V received CCl4 in olive oil (0...
July 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421711/vitamin-d-status-of-white-pregnant-women-and-infants-at-birth-and-4%C3%A2-months-in-north-west-england-a-cohort-study
#17
A J B Emmerson, K Dockery, M Z Mughal, S A Roberts, C L Tower, J L Berry
The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pregnant white-skinned women (WSW) and their infants has not been investigated at northern latitudes in a developed county. A 2-year observational cohort study was undertaken in the North West of England to determine 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels in WSW and their infants during pregnancy and 4 months postdelivery and to explore factors associated with these levels. Nutritional and lifestyle questionnaires were completed and 25OHD levels measured at 28 weeks and 4 months postdelivery...
April 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376103/correction-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-facilitated-suppression-of-ip-10-and-dpp-iv-levels-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-randomised-double-blinded-placebo-control-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Piyawat Komolmit, Kriangsak Charoensuk, Kessarin Thanapirom, Sirinporn Suksawatamnuay, Panarat Thaimai, Chintana Chirathaworn, Yong Poovorawan
Vitamin D deficiency was common among patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and had negative influence on treatment outcome. Correction of vitamin D deficiency improved treatment response. Interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10) and enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP IV) involved in inflammatory responses in CHC. Their higher levels at pretreatment of CHC could predict poorer responses. Vitamin D suppressed expression of IP-10 from monocytes in vitro. In CHC patients, DPP IV involved in IP-10 regulation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365118/effect-of-increasing-the-proportion-of-dietary-concentrate-on-gastrointestinal-tract-measurements-and-brush-border-enzyme-activity-in-holstein-steers
#19
P Górka, B L Schurmann, M E Walpole, A Błońska, S Li, J C Plaizier, Z M Kowalski, G B Penner
The aim of this study was to determine the time course for adaptation of the reticulo-rumen, omasum, abomasum, and small intestine in response to an abrupt increase in the proportion of grain in the diet. Adaptive responses include tissue and digesta mass, small intestinal length, and brush border enzyme activity in the duodenum, proximal jejunum, and ileum. Twenty-five Holstein steers (213 ± 23 kg; 5 to 7 mo of age) were blocked by body weight, and within block were randomly assigned to 1 of 5 treatments: the control diet (CTRL; 92% chopped grass hay and 8% mineral and vitamin supplement on a dry matter basis) or a moderate grain diet (MGD; 50% chopped grass hay, 42% rolled barley grain, and 8% mineral and vitamin supplement) that was fed for 3 (MGD3), 7 (MGD7), 14 (MGD14), or 21 d (MGD21)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299378/factors-associated-with-acute-phase-response-of-bisphosphonate-na%C3%A3-ve-or-pretreated-women-with-osteoporosis-receiving-an-intravenous-first-dose-of-zoledronate-or-ibandronate
#20
A W Popp, R Senn, I Curkovic, C Senn, H Buffat, P F Popp, K Lippuner
A first intravenous dose of bisphosphonates may be associated with an acute-phase response (APR). In bisphosphonate-naïve women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, the characteristics and frequency of APR may differ by compound. Prior bisphosphonate exposure was predictive of APR risk and severity. INTRODUCTION: Intravenous (IV) administration of bisphosphonates (BP), such as zoledronate (ZOL) and ibandronate (IBN), may be associated with an APR. The characteristics of APR may differ by compound...
June 2017: Osteoporosis International
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