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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144971/gender-equality-from-a-european-perspective-myth-and-reality
#1
Patricia C Salinas, Claudia Bagni
In the past 50 years, significant progress in women's equality has been made worldwide. Western countries, particularly European countries, have implemented initiatives to attain a more gender-balanced workforce with the introduction of family friendly policies, by trying to narrow the gender pay gap and by promoting women's career progression. In academia, however, fewer women reach top leadership positions than those in the political arena. These findings suggest that academia needs to carefully evaluate why these new policies have not been very effective...
November 15, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144856/leadership-and-funding-changes-ahead-for-agricultural-safety-and-health
#2
Dennis J Murphy, Barbara C Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144854/journal-of-agromedicine-leader-in-the-field-2018-dennis-j-murphy-phd
#3
Barbara C Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144599/assessing-social-values-for-california-s-efforts-to-reduce-the-overuse-of-unnecessary-medical-care
#4
Susan L Perez, Desiree Backman, Marge Ginsburg
BACKGROUND: A partnership of large health-care purchasers created a workgroup to reduce the overuse of harmful and wasteful medical care in California. OBJECTIVE: Employ a civic engagement process to identify the social values important to the public in considering different strategies to reduce overuse. INTERVENTION: Use of deliberation techniques for 3 case examples that explore possible strategies: physician oversight, physician compensation, increased patient cost-sharing or taking no definitive action...
November 16, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143586/break-out-session-highlights
#5
Kjell-Morten Myhr, Mathias Mäurer, Marisa Martínez Ginés, Federica Esposito, Ralf Linker
A popular feature of the Multiple Sclerosis Experts Summit is interactive break-out sessions to discuss various aspects of multiple sclerosis (MS), including MS spasticity and general management of MS patients. The format encourages participation and active discussion, thus providing attendees with the opportunity to exchange their experiences of the day-to-day management of MS in clinical practice. Following feedback provided by each session leader, key messages are summarized and presented in a plenary session by the Summit chair...
November 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143223/accelerating-and-strengthening-native-american-health-research-through-a-collaborative-nih-initiative
#6
Aria Davis Crump, Kathy Etz, Judith A Arroyo, Nanci Hemberger, Shobha Srinivasan
This paper is intended to provide an overview of the considerations that informed the development of a National Institutes of Health funding opportunity to promote health and prevent disease in Native Americans, including American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian communities. NIH Institute staff thoughtfully considered epidemiologic research findings and feedback from constituents regarding the need for more published research overall and stronger prevention efforts to address persistent health concerns affecting many Native communities...
November 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142542/predictors-and-correlations-of-emotional-intelligence-among-medical-students-at-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah
#7
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Wafaa Ali Algethmi, Safia Mohammad Binshihon, Rawan Aesh Almahyawi, Razan Faisal Alahmadi, Maha Yousef Baabdullah
Objectives: To determine the predictors of Emotional Intelligence (EI), and its relationship with academic performance, leadership capacity, self-efficacy and the perceived stress between medical students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 540 students selected through a multi-stage stratified random sampling method during 2015/2016. A standardized, confidential data collection sheet was used. It included Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence (SSREI) scale, Authentic Leadership questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the short version of Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-4)...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141742/characterizing-the-last-latrine-nonowners-in-rural-malawi
#8
Jurgita Slekiene, Hans-Joachim Mosler
Open defecation is a public health problem worldwide. NGOs in developing countries use various approaches to increase latrine coverage, but for little-understood reasons, some of the population does not adopt latrine construction. The objective of our research was to uncover which of the factors predicting latrine construction are relevant to the last nonowners of latrines, termed laggards in the diffusion of innovations theory. In a cross-sectional study, quantitative face-to-face interviews were conducted in households in rural Malawi (N = 824) to assess the behavioral determinants of latrine construction, mental health, and leadership...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141681/patient-influence-in-home-based-reablement-for-older-persons-qualitative-research
#9
Aud Moe, Kari Ingstad, Hildfrid V Brataas
BACKGROUND: Reablement services are rehabilitation for older people living at home, being person-centered in information, mapping and the goal-setting conversation. The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge about conversation processes and patient influence in formulating the patients' goals. There are two research questions: How do conversation theme, structure and processes appear in interactions aiming to decide goals of home-based reablement rehabilitation for the elderly? How professionals' communication skills do influence on patients' participation in conversation about everyday life and goals of home-based reablement? METHODS: A qualitative field study explored eight cases of naturally occurring conversations between patients and healthcare professionals in a rehabilitation team...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141610/social-relations-and-healthcare-utilisation-among-middle-aged-and-older-people-study-protocol-for-an-implementation-and-register-based-study-in-denmark
#10
Anne Sophie Bech Mikkelsen, Rikke Lund, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: While previous research establishes an association between social relations, health and use of healthcare services among older people, how to implement this knowledge in real-life settings has received much less attention. This study will explore the relationship between social relations, health and use of healthcare services in a Danish mid-life population sample. In addition, the study will explore individual and contextual factors affecting the implementation of a group-based life story intervention aimed at establishing and strengthening social relations among older people at nursing homes in Denmark...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141475/addressing-needs-of-diverse-stakeholders-twelve-tips-for-leaders-of-health-professions-education-programs
#11
Roger A Edwards, Sandhya Venugopal, Deborah Navedo, Subha Ramani
Designing and evaluating health professions educational programs require a range of skills in a rapidly changing educational and healthcare environment. Not all program directors possess all the required leadership skills. In this twelve tips article, we describe a systematic approach to effectively address the complexity facing program leadership, implement robust programs and meaningfully evaluate their impact. They also offer a roadmap for managing diverse stakeholders with often competing demands. The tips are categorized under three domains: Planning, Initial Implementation, and Monitoring...
November 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141269/-practice-guideline-autoimmune-liver-diseases-awmf-reg-no-021-27
#12
(no author information available yet)
The guideline was created under the leadership of the DGVS and with participation of neighbouring scientific societies and is intended as a practical aid for the diagnosis and therapy of autoimmune liver diseases. The aim is to represent the current state of science, promote the recognition of the disease and improve the treatment of patients.
November 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140662/re-framing-biotechnology-regulation
#13
Alison Peck
Biotechnology is about to spill the banks of federal regulation. New genetic engineering techniques like CRISPR-Cas9 promise revolutionary breakthroughs in medicine, agriculture, and public health—but those techniques would not be regulated under the terms of the Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology. This revolutionary moment in biotechnology offers an opportunity to correct the flaws in the framework, which was hastily patched together at the advent of the technology. The framework has never captured all relevant technologies, has never satisfied the public that risk is being effectively managed, and has never been accessible to small companies and publicly-funded labs that increasingly are positioned to make radical, life-saving innovations...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140621/australian-leadership-saving-lives-with-crush-prevention-devices
#14
Melvin L Myers
The burden of injury and death due to quad bike [all-terrain vehicle, or ATV] use cannot be allowed to continue unchecked, and ongoing delay in action may permit to further avoidable tragedies." -Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (2016, p. 13).
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140597/improving-omics-based-research-and-precision-health-in-minority-populations-recommendations-for-nurse-scientists
#15
Jacquelyn Y Taylor, Veronica Barcelona de Mendoza
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the role of nurse scientists in -omics-based research and to promote discussion around the conduct of -omics-based nursing research in minority communities. Nurses are advocates, educators, practitioners, scientists, and researchers, and are crucial to the design and successful implementation of -omics studies, particularly including minority communities. The contribution of nursing in this area of research is crucial to reducing health disparities...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140081/the-human-milk-glycome-as-a-defense-against-infectious-diseases-rationale-challenges-and-opportunities
#16
Kelly M Craft, Steven D Townsend
Each year over 3 million people die from infectious diseases with most of these deaths being poor and young children who live in low- and middle-income countries. Infectious diseases emerge for a multitude of reasons. On the social front, reasons include a breakdown of public health standards, international travel, and immigration (for financial, civil, and social reasons). At the molecular level, the modern rise of infectious diseases is tied to the juxtaposition of drug-resistant pathogens and a lack of new antimicrobials...
November 15, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139190/a-man-before-his-time-russell-s-insights-into-nicotine-smoking-treatment-and-curbing-the-smoking-problem
#17
Ann McNeill, Debbie Robson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This narrative review aimed to provide a brief overview of five key research 'classics' produced by the innovative and radical thought leader, Professor Michael Anthony Hamilton Russell (1932-2009), drawing upon his other work wherever feasible. METHODS: Narrative review. From more than 250 publications, we selected papers we considered seminal texts, published in 1971, 1976, 1978, 1979 and 1991. RESULTS: Russell was among the first researchers to explain that smoking was a dependence disorder caused by the drug nicotine decades before this was recognized formally...
November 15, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138887/-developments-in-dysphagia-diagnostics-presentation-of-an-interdisciplinary-concept
#18
REVIEW
C Pflug, T Flügel, J C Nienstedt
Demographic developments and medical progress will cause the already high prevalence of swallowing disorders to increase further in the future. With the same number of specialists and economic resources, it is necessary to improve the efficiency of dysphagia diagnostics and continue to offer patients a treatment concept tailored to their needs. Manifold and often co-existing causes of dysphagia require interdisciplinary cooperation in this area. Endoscopic swallowing diagnostics play a prominent role in dysphagia diagnostics and should always contain thorough endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract-the domain of the ENT specialist and phoniatrician...
November 14, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137668/advancing-theory-development-exploring-the-leadership-climate-relationship-as-a-mechanism-of-the-implementation-of-cultural-competence
#19
Erick G Guerrero, Karissa Fenwick, Yinfei Kong
BACKGROUND: Leadership style and specific organizational climates have emerged as critical mechanisms to implement targeted practices in organizations. Drawing from relevant theories, we propose that climate for implementation of cultural competence reflects how transformational leadership may enhance the organizational implementation of culturally responsive practices in health care organizations. METHODS: Using multilevel data from 427 employees embedded in 112 addiction treatment programs collected in 2013, confirmatory factor analysis showed adequate fit statistics for our measure of climate for implementation of cultural competence (Cronbach's alpha = ...
November 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136987/letter-to-the-editor-what-happened-to-surgical-leadership
#20
Jordan D Bohnen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
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