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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334149/evidence-based-practice-readiness-a-concept-analysis
#1
Jessica D Schaefer, John M Welton
AIM: To analyse and define the concept "evidence based practice readiness" in nurses. BACKGROUND: Evidence based practice readiness is a term commonly used in health literature, but without a clear understanding of what readiness means. Concept analysis is needed to define the meaning of evidence based practice readiness. METHOD: A concept analysis was conducted using Walker and Avant's method to clarify the defining attributes of evidence based practice readiness as well as antecedents and consequences...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333950/willingness-to-pay-for-an-ebola-vaccine-during-the-2014-2016-ebola-outbreak-in-west-africa-results-from-a-u-s-national-sample
#2
Julia E Painter, Michael E von Fricken, Suyane Viana de O Mesquita, Ralph J DiClemente
The 2014-2016 Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa led to advances in the development of vaccines against Ebola. This study examined factors associated with willingness to pay for an Ebola vaccine among a U.S. national sample during the recent Ebola outbreak. From April 30-May 8, 2015, a national survey was conducted using the GfK Group's KnowlegePanel®. Main outcome measures included willingness to pay at least $1; more than $50; and more than $100 for an Ebola vaccine. Analyses were conducted using weighted multivariable logistic regression...
January 15, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333791/the-impact-of-surgeons-pathologists-dialog-on-lymph-node-evaluation-of-colorectal-cancer-patients
#3
Rana Afifi, Benjamin Person, Riad Haddad
BACKGROUND: Lymph node (LN) retrieval and assessment is essential for accurate staging and treatment planning in colorectal cancer (CRC). According to U.S. National Cancer Institute recommendations, the minimal number of LNs needed for accurately staging of node-negative CRC is 12. Awareness and implementation of the guidelines has been shown to improve after assigning an opinion leader who has a special interest in CRC. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of dialogue between surgeons and pathologists in LN evaluation...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333620/in-center-hemodialysis-education-challenges-and-innovations-in-training-of-fellows-in-nephrology
#4
Louise M Moist, Robert M Lindsay
The in-center dialysis unit and practice of dialysis, in the current multi-team approach, requires knowledge and skills in all the domains including medical expert, communicator, collaborator, scholar, health advocate, and leader. We are tasked as a community, to embrace and incentivize new innovations and technology to address these needs for our post graduate trainees. These innovations must address the basic principles of dialysis, quality improvement, technical and procedural skills as well as leadership and administration skills...
January 14, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332519/integrating-reproductive-health-services-into-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-victim-service-programs
#5
Theresa Gmelin, Claire A Raible, Rebecca Dick, Surabhi Kukke, Elizabeth Miller
This study assessed the feasibility of integrating reproductive health services into intimate partner violence/sexual violence (IPV/SV) programs. After a training for victim service agencies on integration of health services, we conducted semistructured interviews with IPV/SV program leadership. Leadership reported advocates were more likely to recognize the need to refer clients to health services, and revealed challenges operationalizing partnerships with health care centers. Training to integrate basic health assessment into victim services may be one way to address women's urgent health needs...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332263/creating-a-primary-care-workforce-strategies-for-leaders-clinicians-and-nurses
#6
Patricia Robinson, Julie Oyemaja, Bridget Beachy, Jeff Goodie, Lisa Sprague, Jennifer Bell, Mike Maples, Christy Ward
Many primary care clinics struggle with rapid implementation and systematic expansion of primary care behavioral health (PCBH) services. Often, an uneven course of program development is due to lack of attention to preparing clinic leadership, addressing operational factors, and training primary care providers (PCPs) and nurses. This article offers competency tools for clinic leaders, PCPs, and nurses to use in assessing their status and setting change targets. These tools were developed by researchers working to disseminate evidence-based interventions in primary care clinics that included fully integrated behavioral health consultants and were then used by early adaptors of the PCBH model...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330932/influences-for-gender-disparity-in-dermatology-in-north-america
#7
Ahmed Shah, Sabeena Jalal, Faisal Khosa
BACKGROUND: Despite constituting half the population, women represent a minority of active physicians and hold a small proportion of faculty leadership positions in North America. However, dermatology is one of the few specialties where women comprise a substantial portion of the workforce. This study explores extent and contributors to gender disparity in academic dermatology faculty positions, leadership, and research. METHODS: We collected data on academic faculty including leadership from the websites of accredited U...
February 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329147/multisource-feedback-and-narrative-comments-polarity-specificity-actionability-and-canmeds-roles
#8
Jocelyn M Lockyer, Joan Sargeant, Suzanne H Richards, John L Campbell, Laura A Rivera
INTRODUCTION: Multisource feedback is a questionnaire-based assessment tool that provides physicians with data about workplace behaviors and may combine numeric and narrative (free-text) comments. Little attention has been paid to wording of requests for comments, potentially limiting its utility to support physician performance. This study tested the phrasing of two different sets of questions. METHODS: Two sets of questions were tested with family physicians, medical and surgical specialists, and their medical colleague and coworker respondents...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328885/radiographic-emphysema-circulating-bone-biomarkers-and-progressive-bone-mineral-density-loss-in-smokers
#9
Jessica Bon, Yingze Zhang, Joseph K Leader, Carl Fuhrman, Subashan Perera, Divay Chandra, Marnie Bertolet, Brenda Diergaarde, Susan L Greenspan, Frank C Sciurba
RATIONALE: Osteoporosis is common in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Lung-specific factors, including radiographic emphysema, independently associate with low bone mineral density (BMD) in cross-sectional smoking cohorts. However, factors associated with progressive bone loss in smokers are under-studied and largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between radiographic emphysema, circulating bone metabolism markers, and pulmonary function and accelerated BMD loss in smokers...
January 12, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328760/leadership-briefing-and-debriefing-in-the-operating-room
#10
Teresa Donnelly
Steelman (2014) stated that the concept of briefing and debriefing used in operating theatres derived from the airline industry in the 1970s. There had been a series of devastating air crashes and the airline industry had come under severe public scrutiny. Investigations identified that, while the crews operating these aircrafts were very skilled and knowledgeable, they lacked competence in their ability to perform as part of a team.
July 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327484/factors-affecting-general-practice-collaboration-with-voluntary-and-community-sector-organisations
#11
Kris Southby, Mark Gamsu
Collaborative working between general practice (GP) and voluntary and community sector (VCS) organisations is increasingly championed as a means of primary care doing more with less and of addressing patients' "wicked problems". This paper aims to add to the knowledge base around collaborative practice between GPs and VCS organisations by examining the factors that aid or inhibit such collaboration. A case study design was used to examine the lived-experience of GPs and VCS organisations working collaboratively...
January 12, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327478/interventions-to-improve-working-conditions-of-nursing-staff-in-acute-care-hospitals-scoping-review
#12
Sergio Barrientos-Trigo, Laura Vega-Vázquez, Rocío De Diego-Cordero, Bárbara Badanta-Romero, Ana M Porcel-Gálvez
AIM: To conduct a scoping review to examine and map the interventions proposed for the improvement of the working conditions of nursing staff in acute care hospitals. BACKGROUND: The Registered Nurse Forecasting (RN4CAST) project and other studies have determined the impact that the nursing staff has on the quality of care. The nursing staff's higher levels of burnout, job dissatisfaction and negative perception of the quality of care provided caused worse health outcomes...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326819/association-between-bullying-and-pediatric-psychiatric-hospitalizations
#13
Hadassa Leader, Jasmine Singh, Ayesha Ghaffar, Cheryl de Silva
Objectives: Bullying is a serious public health issue. We sought to demonstrate an association between bullying victimization and hospital admissions for acute psychiatric problems. We described the demographics and types of bullying in a sample of hospitalized patients in Staten Island, NY, and compared bullying victimization scores with psychiatric versus medical admissions. Methods: Patients in grades 3-12 were recruited from the Staten Island University Hospital Inpatient Pediatrics unit and emergency department...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326100/spend-more-on-nhs-or-see-services-deteriorate-further-hospital-leaders-warn
#14
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326003/the-efficacy-of-infection-prevention-and-control-committees-in-lesotho-a-qualitative-study
#15
Eltony Mugomeri
BACKGROUND: The implementation of the core components of infection prevention and control (IPC) recommended by the World Health Organization faces severe challenges, particularly in developing countries. Given that hospital IPC committees in these countries are the key implementers of IPC, there is a need to evaluate their effectiveness. This study qualitatively evaluated the effectiveness of IPC committees in the southern African country of Lesotho with the aim of identifying themes for policy discourse on improving IPC practice in the country...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325578/effects-of-a-peer-led-walking-in-schools-intervention-the-wish-study-on-physical-activity-levels-of-adolescent-girls-a-cluster-randomised-pilot-study
#16
Angela Carlin, Marie H Murphy, Alan Nevill, Alison M Gallagher
BACKGROUND: School-based interventions may be effective at increasing levels of physical activity (PA) among adolescents; however, there is a paucity of evidence on whether walking can be successfully promoted to increase PA in this age group. This pilot study aimed to assess the effects of a 12-week school-based peer-led brisk walking programme on levels of school-time PA post intervention. METHODS: Female participants, aged 11-13 years, were recruited from six post-primary schools in Northern Ireland...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325440/case-mix-adjustment-of-the-bereaved-family-survey
#17
Ann Kutney-Lee, Joan Carpenter, Dawn Smith, Joshua Thorpe, Alina Tudose, Mary Ersek
Surveys of bereaved family members are increasingly being used to evaluate end-of-life (EOL) care and to measure organizational performance in EOL care quality. The Bereaved Family Survey (BFS) is used to monitor EOL care quality and benchmark performance in the Veterans Affairs (VA) health-care system. The objective of this study was to develop a case-mix adjustment model for the BFS and to examine changes in facility-level scores following adjustment, in order to provide fair comparisons across facilities...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325399/evaluating-the-process-and-extent-of-institutionalization-a-case-study-of-a-rapid-response-unit-for-health-policy-in-burkina-faso
#18
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Salimata Ouedraogo
BACKGROUND: Good decision-making requires gathering and using sufficient information. Several knowledge translation platforms have been introduced in Burkina Faso to support evidence-informed decision-making. One of these is the rapid response service for health. This platform aims to provide quick access for policy-makers in Burkina Faso to highquality research evidence about health systems. The purpose of this study is to describe the process and extent of the institutionalization of the rapid response service...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325179/comprehensive-profiles-of-psychological-and-social-work-factors-as-predictors-of-site-specific-and-multi-site-pain
#19
Jan Olav Christensen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Live Bakke Finne, Stein Knardahl
Objective Despite the multifactoriality of work and health, studies of psychosocial work factors with pain are typically limited to a few factors. This study examined a wide range of factors to determine (i) typical combinations of work factor levels ("work situations") and (ii) whether "work situations" predicted pain complaints of six anatomic regions. Methods Questionnaires were distributed to 6175 employees twice over a two-year period. Latent profile analysis was conducted to group employees into profiles of work factor levels...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325059/aging-in-the-philippines
#20
Adrian N S Badana, Ross Andel
The Philippines is a diverse country that will experience an increase in its aging population in the near future. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the main issues surrounding population aging, as well as family caregiving and policies that are of concern to older adults in the Philippines. Policymakers and government leaders must plan for the expected growth in the numbers of older adults, which is likely to increase the demand for services and support for elders and their caregiving families...
January 8, 2018: Gerontologist
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