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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224216/association-of-school-based-physical-activity-opportunities-socioeconomic-status-and-third-grade-reading
#1
Ben D Kern, Kim C Graber, Sa Shen, Charles H Hillman, Gabriella McLoughlin
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is the most accurate predictor of academic performance in US schools. Third-grade reading is highly predictive of high school graduation. Chronic physical activity (PA) is shown to improve cognition and academic performance. We hypothesized that school-based PA opportunities (recess and physical education) would moderate the negative association between SES and third-grade reading. METHODS: Schools serving third-grade students were surveyed (N = 1279) for minutes/week of PA opportunities...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223186/willingness-of-firefighting-program-students-to-work-in-disasters-turkey
#2
Edip Kaya, Hakan Altintas
Introduction Firefighting is an important profession during disasters. Firefighters are on duty for many vital functions, including fire extinguishing, search and rescue work, and evacuation of disaster victims to a safe zone. In case of a disaster situation, it is vital to have willing personnel to work in disasters. In the literature, type of disaster, individual demographic factors, family factors, and workplace factors have been identified as factors that influence health care personnel's willingness to work during a disaster...
December 10, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222630/-there-s-so-much-to-it-the-ways-physiotherapy-students-and-recent-graduates-experience-practice
#3
S Barradell, T Peseta, S Barrie
Health science courses aim to prepare students for the demands of their chosen profession by learning ways appropriate to that profession and the contexts they will work and live in. Expectations of what students should learn become re-contextualised and translated into entry-level curriculum, with students operating as a connection between what is intended and enacted in curriculum, and required in the real world. Drawing on phenomenology, this paper explores how students understand practice-the collective, purposeful knowing, doing and being of a community-in entry-level physiotherapy programs...
December 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221535/outcomes-of-global-public-health-training-program-for-us-minority-students-a-case-report
#4
Noa Krawczyk, Luz Claudio
The numbers and success of minority students in science and the health fields remain relatively low. This study presents the outcomes of a research training program as an illustrative case study. The Short-Term Training Program for Minority Students (STPMS) recruits underrepresented minority undergraduate and graduate students for immersion in research training. A total of 69 students participated in the STPMS between 1995 and 2012, and 59 of these completed our survey to determine the perceived impact of the program on the students' motivations and professional development...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221498/influence-of-community-based-education-on-undergraduate-health-professions-students-decision-to-work-in-underserved-areas-in-uganda
#5
Samuel Kizito, Rhona Baingana, Kintu Mugagga, Peter Akera, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Uganda is beset by a shortage of health workers and the few available are mal-distributed. Providing rural exposure through community-based education could positively influence students' perspectives towards work in rural areas. We aimed to assess the impact of Community-Based Education and Research (COBERS) on health professions students' attitudes towards working in rural areas. This was a before-and-after study among 525 students of 4 medical universities in Uganda. Data was collected using self-administered paper-based questionnaires...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219231/laboratory-exercise-for-studying-the-morphology-of-heat-denatured-and-amyloid-aggregates-of-lysozyme-by-atomic-force-microscopy
#6
Sumeyra Gokalp, William Horton, Elfa B Jónsdóttir-Lewis, Michelle Foster, Marianna Török
To facilitate learning advanced instrumental techniques, essential tools for visualizing biomaterials, a simple and versatile laboratory exercise demonstrating the use of Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) in biomedical applications was developed. In this experiment, the morphology of heat-denatured and amyloid-type aggregates formed from a low-cost and well-characterized model protein, hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL), are compared. Structural differences between the amorphous and ordered particles are quantified using ImageJ for the analysis of AFM images as a postlaboratory assignment...
December 8, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219194/natural-mentors-social-class-and-college-success
#7
John R Reynolds, Michael Parrish
Natural mentors provide advice, moral support, and assistance to adolescents who aspire to obtain a postsecondary degree, but past studies of the benefits of having an informal adult mentor have yet to resolve several issues. Our analyses of a national sample of high school graduates test three hypotheses: (H1) natural mentoring increases the odds of college attendance and completion, (H2) guidance and career advice are more important for college success than encouragement or role modeling, and (H3) students from poor and working-class families benefit more from mentoring than students from middle- and upper-class families...
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219076/-it-takes-more-than-a-fellowship-program-reflections-on-capacity-strengthening-for-health-systems-research-in-sub-saharan-africa
#8
EDITORIAL
Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Caroline W Kabiru, Djesika Amendah, Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Hermann Pythagore Pierre Donfouet, Esso-Hanam Atake, Marie-Gloriose Ingabire, Stephen Maluka, Joyce N Mumah, Matilu Mwau, Mollyne Ndinya, Kenneth Ngure, Estelle M Sidze, Charles Sossa, Abdramane Soura, Alex C Ezeh
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) experiences an acute dearth of well-trained and skilled researchers. This dearth constrains the region's capacity to identify and address the root causes of its poor social, health, development, and other outcomes. Building sustainable research capacity in SSA requires, among other things, locally led and run initiatives that draw on existing regional capacities as well as mutually beneficial global collaborations. This paper describes a regional research capacity strengthening initiative-the African Doctoral Dissertation Research Fellowship (ADDRF) program...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218359/-significance-of-the-doctorate-in-scientific-medical-education
#9
Matthias Frosch
According to European and German law, the medical education of physicians must take place in a scientific degree program at a university or under the supervision of a university. To keep up the ideal of a scientific degree program, various organizations and associations, such as the German Research Foundation, the German Council of Science and Humanities and the German Medical Faculty Association, see the need for an even stronger anchoring of academic learning content in the course of study. Traditionally, a scientific project, which is carried out during the studies, provides the basis for the Doctor of Medicine (Dr...
December 7, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217919/attitude-of-medical-students-towards-psychiatry-the-case-of-jimma-university-southwest-ethiopia
#10
Hailemariam Hailesilassie, Habtamu Kerebih, Alemayehu Negash, Eshetu Girma, Mathias Siebeck, Markos Tesfaye
Background: The inability to attract medical graduates to specialize in psychiatry has always been a serious challenge to psychiatry training programs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the attitude of medical students towards psychiatry. Methods: A comparative cross-sectional survey was conducted among 122 fourth year medical students of Jimma University. The attitude of medical students towards psychiatry was measured by Attitude toward Psychiatry - 30 (ATP-30)...
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216896/what-will-it-take-pathways-time-and-funding-australian-medical-students-perspective-on-clinician-scientist-training
#11
Diann S Eley, Charmaine Jensen, Ranjeny Thomas, Helen Benham
BACKGROUND: Clinician-scientists are in decline worldwide. They represent a unique niche in medicine by bridging the gap between scientific discovery and patient care. A national, integrated approach to training clinician-scientists, typically programs that comprise a comprehensive MD-PhD pathway, are customary. Such a pathway is lacking in Australia. The objective was to gather perceptions from Australian medical students on factors they perceive would influence their decision to pursue clinician-scientist training...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216609/what-kinds-of-factors-affect-the-academic-outcomes-of-university-students-with-mental-disorders-a-retrospective-study-based-on-medical-records
#12
Terumi Ishii, Hirokazu Tachikawa, Yuki Shiratori, Takafumi Hori, Miyuki Aiba, Keisuke Kuga, Tetsuaki Arai
AIMS: University students that suffer from mental disorders seem to have difficulty graduating. Therefore, we investigated risk and protective factors of dropping out with the aim of improving such students' academic outcomes. METHODS: First, we statistically compared the academic outcomes of 203 undergraduate students who received treatment in the Department of Psychiatry of the Tsukuba University Health Center to those of matched controls. Second, clinical factors of 370 mentally ill students were statistically compared between the dropout and graduate groups...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214014/influence-of-perceived-difficulty-of-cases-on-student-osteopaths-diagnostic-reasoning-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Aurelien L Noyer, Jorge E Esteves, Oliver P Thomson
Background: Diagnostic reasoning refers to the cognitive processes by which clinicians formulate diagnoses. Despite the implications for patient safety and professional identity, research on diagnostic reasoning in osteopathy remains largely theoretical. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of perceived task difficulty on the diagnostic reasoning of students osteopaths. Methods: Using a single-blinded, cross sectional study design, sixteen final year pre-registration osteopathy students diagnosed two standardized cases under two context conditions (complex versus control)...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212589/time-to-establish-comprehensive-long-term-monitoring-of-australian-medical-graduates
#14
Christine Jorm, Jane Bleasel, Inam Haq
We believe that the well being of our medical students (and medical staff throughout the continuum of practice) matters too much not to ask, 'How do they feel?' Society, and students themselves, have invested too much in their education not to query 'How well are they performing in the workplace?'. Our accountability to the community demands we ask, 'How are their patients going?' This article presents a schema for building long-term monitoring in Australia, using linked and reliable data, that will enable these questions to be answered...
December 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212340/encouragers-and-discouragers-affecting-medical-graduates-choice-of-regional-and-rural-practice-locations
#15
Ann McKillop, Craig Webster, Win Bennett, Barbara O'Connor, Warwick Bagg
INTRODUCTION: Access to health care as near to where people live as possible is desirable. However, not enough medical graduates choose to work in rural and regional areas, especially in general practice. The career decisions of recent medical graduates are known to be affected by a variety of professional, societal and personal factors. Internationally, medical programmes have exposed students to regional and rural experiences partly to encourage them to seek employment in these areas after graduation...
December 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206268/infusing-systems-and-quality-improvement-throughout-an-undergraduate-nursing-curriculum
#16
Sara A McComb, Jane M Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators are constantly revising curricula to ensure that graduating nurses have the requisite skills for today's fast-paced, rapidly changing, nonlinear complex care environment. Key nursing education and practice organizations identify systems thinking and quality improvement as essential skills for nurses at the point of care. METHOD: Systems thinking and quality improvement were embedded across a Bachelor of Nursing (BSN) curriculum in a manner that does not dislocate other, more traditional content...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206267/innovative-intraprofessional-clinical-training-for-clinical-nurse-specialists-and-nurse-practitioner-students
#17
Tina Sweeney Haney, Pamela B Sharp, Christianne Nesbitt, Rebecca Deal Poston
BACKGROUND: Most graduate nursing education curricula naturally segregate students by role as they move into their role-specific coursework and clinical experiences. Segregation diminishes the opportunity for students to form important intraprofessional relationships. Intraprofessional collaboration can potentiate the influence of advanced practice nurses on individual patients, patient populations, and larger health care systems. METHOD: This pilot program paired clinical nurse specialists and nurse practitioner students in immersion clinical practicum experiences aimed to increase their understanding of each other's role and potential avenues for collaboration in future practice...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206264/rn-to-bsn-students-quality-improvement-knowledge-skills-confidence-and-systems-thinking
#18
Peggy Trent, Mary A Dolansky, Jacqueline Kayler DeBrew, Gayle M Petty
BACKGROUND: Little evidence demonstrates that RN-to-baccalaureate nursing (BSN) graduates have met The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice-specifically, evidence of the graduates' organizational and systems leadership related to quality care and patient safety. This BSN Essentials reflects the QSEN quality improvement (QI) competency. The purpose of this pilot study was to develop and test an assessment strategy to measure RN-to BSN students' QI competence and their perception of QI knowledge and skills...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205901/dissecting-the-role-of-sessional-anatomy-teachers-a-systematic-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Danielle Rhodes, Quentin A Fogg, Michelle D Lazarus
Worldwide there is a growing reliance on sessional teachers in universities. This has impacted all disciplines in higher education including medical anatomy programs. The objective of this review was to define the role and support needs of sessional anatomy teachers by reporting on the (1) qualifications, (2) teaching role, (3) training, and (4) performance management of this group of educators. A systematic literature search was conducted on the 27 July 2017 in Scopus, Web of Science, and several databases on the Ovid, ProQuest and EBSCOhost platforms...
December 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205782/the-graduating-european-dentist-a-new-undergraduate-curriculum-framework
#20
J C Field, J G Cowpe, A D Walmsley
With "The Graduating European Dentist", ADEE provides a new approach that reflects best academic practice for European undergraduate dental education. The new suite of documents sees increased emphasis on important curriculum components such as patient safety, working as a team and patient-centred care. There is also an increased emphasis on teaching excellence, student satisfaction and student preparedness and support. Guidance relating to methods of teaching and learning, and assessment (educational measurement), is also provided...
December 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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