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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439474/digitizing-specimens-in-a-small-herbarium-a-viable-workflow-for-collections-working-with-limited-resources
#1
Kari M Harris, Travis D Marsico
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Small herbaria represent a significant portion of herbaria in the United States, but many are not digitizing their collections. METHODS: At the Arkansas State University Herbarium (STAR), we have created a viable workflow to help small herbaria begin the digitization process, including suggestions for publishing data on the Internet. We calculated hourly rates of each phase of the digitization process. We also mapped accessions at the county level to determine geographic strengths in the collection...
April 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437780/evidence-based-practice-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-of-online-graduate-nursing-students
#2
Wilaiporn Rojjanasrirat, Jan Rice
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate changes in evidence-based practice (EBP) knowledge, attitudes, and practice of nursing students before and after completing an online, graduate level, introductory research/EBP course. DESIGN: A prospective one-group pretest-posttest design. SETTINGS: A private university in the Midwestern, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-three online nurse practitioner students in Master's program. METHODS: A convenient sample of online graduate nursing students who enrolled in the research/EBP course was invited to participate in the study...
April 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437428/prevalence-of-alcohol-use-disorders-among-under-and-post-graduate-healthcare-students-in-italy
#3
Monica Lamberti, Francesco Napolitano, Paola Napolitano, Antonio Arnese, Vincenzo Crispino, Gianclaudio Panariello, Gabriella Di Giuseppe
A cross-sectional study was carried out on 641 medical students, 359 students attending a degree course in the healthcare professions, and 500 resident physicians, all undergoing health surveillance at the ambulatory of the Division of Occupational Medicine, Second University of Naples, Italy. 76.1% of the participants drank alcohol, with 85.5% of medical students, 77.4% of resident physicians, and 63% of healthcare-professions students reporting regular alcohol use. In the whole sample, the mean Audit-C score was 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436709/transitioning-from-occupational-therapy-student-to-practicing-occupational-therapist-first-year-of-employment
#4
Randy P McCombie, Meredith E Antanavage
This research examined the transition from occupational therapy student to practicing occupational therapist over the course of one's first year of professional employment, as recalled by a sample of occupational therapists. Surveys were mailed to 500 occupational therapists randomly selected from membership in the American Occupational Therapy Association resulting in 202 returned surveys. Median year of graduation was 1998, ranging from 1967 to 2014. In general, respondents indicated the transition was positive...
April 24, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436204/disabled-graduate-entry-medical-student-experience
#5
Simon Tso
BACKGROUND: This study explored the experiences of graduate-entry medicine degree programme students who were disabled on the disclosure of their disability and the challenging disability issues they encountered during their degree programme. METHODS: Eight student volunteers with a disability from the University of Warwick graduate-entry medicine degree programme took part in this study. Audio recordings of their semi-structured interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433523/association-of-preresidency-peer-reviewed-publications-with-radiation-oncology-resident-choice-of-academic-versus-private-practice-career
#6
Shearwood McClelland, Charles R Thomas, Lynn D Wilson, Emma B Holliday, Jerry J Jaboin
INTRODUCTION: The decision of radiation oncology residents to pursue academic versus private practice careers plays a central role in shaping the present and future of the field, but factors that are potentially predictive of this decision are lacking. This study was performed to examine the role of several factors publicly available before residency on postresidency career choice, including preresidency peer-reviewed publications (PRPs), which have been associated with resident career choice in comparably competitive subspecialties such as neurosurgery...
April 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#7
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431420/generative-retrieval-improves-learning-and-retention-of-cardiac-anatomy-using-transesophageal-echocardiography
#8
Amanda M Kleiman, Katherine T Forkin, Allison J Bechtel, Stephen R Collins, Jennie Z Ma, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a valuable monitor for patients undergoing cardiac and noncardiac surgery as it allows for evaluation of cardiovascular compromise in the perioperative period. It is challenging for anesthesiology residents and medical students to learn to use and interpret TEE in the clinical environment. A critical component of learning to use and interpret TEE is a strong grasp of normal cardiovascular ultrasound anatomy. METHODS: Fifteen fourth-year medical students and 15 post-graduate year (PGY) 1 and 2 anesthesiology residents without prior training in cardiac anesthesia or TEE viewed normal cardiovascular anatomy TEE video clips; participants were randomized to learning cardiac anatomy in generative retrieval (GR) and standard practice (SP) groups...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431373/development-and-validation-of-sustainability-criteria-of-administrative-green-schools-in-iran
#9
Hossein Meiboudi, Akramolmolok Lahijanian, Seyed Mohammad Shobeiri, Seyed Ali Jozi, Reza Azizinezhad
Environmental responsibility in school has led to the emergence of a variety of criteria to administer green schools' contributions to sustainability. Sustainability criteria of administrative green schools need validity, reliability and norms. The aim of the current study was to develop and validate assessment criteria for green schools in Iran based on the role of academia. A national survey was conducted to obtain data on sustainability criteria initiatives for green schools and the Iranian profile was defined...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429975/the-real-cost-of-training-health-professionals-in-australia-it-costs-as-much-to-build-a-dietician-workforce-as-a-dental-workforce
#10
Leonie Segal, Claire Marsh, Rob Heyes
Objectives We explored the real cost of training the workforce in a range of primary health care professions in Australia with a focus on the impact of retention to contribute to the debate on how best to achieve the optimal health workforce mix. Methods The cost to train an entry-level health professional across 12 disciplines was derived from university fees, payment for clinical placements and, where relevant, cost of internship, adjusted for student drop-out. Census data were used to identify the number of qualified professionals working in their profession over a working life and to model expected years of practice by discipline...
April 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427889/lost-in-translation-cultural-divides-in-communication-skills-teaching-identified-in-the-icch-2016-student-symposium
#11
Heather K Schopper, Nasteha A Mohamed, Max Seegel, Kseniya Gorina, Jonathan Silverman, Marcy Rosenbaum
OBJECTIVE: To provide a platform for learners' voices at an international conference on communication in healthcare. METHODS: A group of medical students were invited to explore their experiences with communication skills learning at a symposium at the 2016 International Conference on Communication in Healthcare in Heidelberg, DE. RESULTS: Students from the US, Denmark, Germany, and Russia discussed their experiences with communication skills curriculum at their institutions...
April 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426356/focus-group-findings-of-smoking-onset-among-male-youth-in-china
#12
Vivian C Sheer, Chang Molly Mao, Yi-Ru Regina Chen
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is associated with smoking initiation among men in China. The lack of qualitative studies using Chinese adolescent samples can pose challenges to enacting effective smoking prevention messages that resonate with male Chinese teenagers' thoughts, needs, and wishes. OBJECTIVE: This focus group study was designed to obtain in-depth contextual information on early smoking among male teenagers in China. METHODS: Twenty focus groups of 7-10 male students from vocational and junior colleges (N = 165) were conducted, approximately half in Shanxi and half in Guangdong...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425889/soap-methodology-in-general-practice-family-medicine-teaching-in-practical-context
#13
Luiz Miguel Santiago, Isabel Neto
INTRODUCTION: Medical records in General Practice/Family Medicine are an essential information support on the health status of the patient and a communication document between health professionals. The development of competencies in General Practice/Family Medicine during pre-graduation must include the ability to make adequate medical records in practical context. As of 2012, medicine students at the University of Beira Interior have been performing visits using the Subjective, Objective, Assessment and Plan - SOAP methodology, with a performance evaluation of the visit, with the aim to check on which Subjective, Objective, Assessment and Plan - SOAP aspects students reveal the most difficulties in order to define improvement techniques and to correlate patient grade with tutor evaluation...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425886/an-overview-of-teaching-communication-of-bad-news-in-medical-school-should-a-lecture-be-adequate-to-address-the-topic
#14
Filipe Coutinho, Anisha Ramessur
INTRODUCTION: Delivering bad news is very common in medical daily practice. Several studies have shown a lack of effective communication skills amongst medical students, particularly concerning how to deliver bad news. The SPIKES protocol allows communicating bad news in a 6-step method. The aim of this study is to investigate the perspective of students related to this subject. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 45 minute lecture "Breaking Bad News" was given to 160 students in the fifth and sixth years of the Medicine course, using the SPIKES' protocol training...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425882/associations-between-the-big-five-personality-traits-and-a-medical-school-admission-interview
#15
Isabel Lourinho, André Moreira, Rui Mota-Cardoso, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Personality has became popular in medical student's selection. However, few research exists about the association between the big five personality traits and the existent medical school selection tools. Our aim was to study which personality traits were selected by a medical school admission interview. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety four graduate applicants that had applied to the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto through the graduate entry approach, after ranked on previous achievement, were interviewed between the academic years of 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424951/influence-of-genetic-counseling-graduate-program-websites-on-student-application-decisions
#16
Kristina M Ivan, Susan Hassed, Alix G Darden, Christopher E Aston, Carrie Guy
This study investigated how genetic counseling educational program websites affect application decisions via an online survey sent to current students and recent graduates. Program leadership: directors, assistant directors, associate directors, were also surveyed to determine where their opinions coincided or differed from those reported by students and recent graduates. Chi square analysis and t-tests were used to determine significance of results. A two-sample t-test was used to compare factors students identified as important on a 5-point Likert scale with those identified by directors...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423215/breaking-down-the-stigma-of-mental-health-nursing-qualitative-study-reflecting-opinions-from-western-australian-nurses
#17
Carole A Harrison, Yvonne Hauck, Rebekah Ashby
INTRODUCTION: A lack of understanding surrounding the role of mental health nursing is associated with recruitment and retention challenges. Additional complexities include stigma related to the role, an ageing workforce and dearth of graduates keen to pursue this career. AIM OF STUDY: This qualitative study focused on opinions and experiences of existing mental health nurses to determine what could be done to entice nurses to choose mental health. METHOD: A cross-sectional design involving a brief interview was conducted with 192 Western Australian nurses from one public mental health service...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422920/a-multi-year-assessment-of-a-hospital-school-program-to-promote-teen-motor-vehicle-safety
#18
Purnima Unni, Cristina M Estrada, Dai H Chung, Emily B Riley, Lesley Worsley-Hynd, Neil Stinson
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among teen drivers. The main goal of this program was to reduce texting while driving among high school teens through a unique peer-generated anti-texting campaign. METHODS: The program consisted of two phases. In Phase 1, student leaders participated in a half-day, hospital-based experiential program that emphasized safe teen driving. In Phase 2, these students conceptualized and implemented an anti-texting while driving campaign during the school year...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422637/embedding-questions-during-online-lecture-capture-to-promote-learning-and-transfer-of-knowledge
#19
Lou Ann Griswold, Catherine E Overson, Victor A Benassi
We examined the effect of quizzing on students' ability to apply lecture content to clinical examples on an in-class exam. Fifty-six occupational therapy students in a graduate-level course completed three online modules that included lectures, slide presentations, demonstrations, and video clips. Throughout each module, students were given "Learning Moments," in which they were asked a question (Question condition); were asked to read a statement confirming the content presented (Study condition); or were not asked to do anything (Not Asked condition)...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420267/promoting-health-through-policy-and-systems-change-public-health-students-and-mentors-on-the-value-of-policy-advocacy-experience-in-academic-internships
#20
Daniela Marquez, Dylan Pell, Sue Forster-Cox, Evelyn Garcia, Sophia Ornelas, Brenna Bandstra, Holly Mata
Emerging professionals and new Certified Health Education Specialists often lack academic training in and actual experience in National Commission for Health Education Credentialing Area of Responsibility VII: Communicate, Promote, and Advocate for Health, Health Education/Promotion, and the Profession. For undergraduate and graduate students who have an opportunity to complete an internship or practicum experience, gaining experience in Competencies 7.2: Engage in advocacy for health and health education/promotion and 7...
May 2017: Health Promotion Practice
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