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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732282/proficient-use-of-low-spatial-frequencies-facilitates-face-memory-but-shows-protracted-maturation-throughout-adolescence
#1
Judith C Peters, Chantal Kemner
Face perception is characterized by configural processing, which depends on visual information in the low spatial frequency (LSF) ranges. However, it is unclear whether LSF content is equally important for face memory. The present study investigated how face information in the low and high SF range plays a role in the configural encoding of faces for short-term and long-term recall. Moreover, we examined how SF-dependent face memorization develops in female adolescence, by comparing children (9-10-year-olds), adolescents (12-13-year-olds and 15-16-year-olds), and young adults (21-32-year-olds)...
July 18, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732260/differences-in-emotional-stimuli-processing-in-subjects-with-mtle-with-and-without-depression
#2
Lidija Preglej, Ksenija Marinković, Hrvoje Hećimović
In healthy people, a preference in attention maintenance and memory for words with emotional valence comparing to neutral words has been shown. The pattern of emotional stimuli processing may be different in people with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and it may be sensitive to the presence of depressive symptoms. In order to explore these possibilities, we applied the emotional spatial cueing attentional task and the free recall memory task to participants (N=39) with MTLE and compared them with healthy controls...
July 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732087/a-dissociation-between-engagement-and-learning-enthusiastic-instructions-fail-to-reliably-improve-performance-on-a-memory-task
#3
Benjamin A Motz, Joshua R de Leeuw, Paulo F Carvalho, Kaley L Liang, Robert L Goldstone
Despite widespread assertions that enthusiasm is an important quality of effective teaching, empirical research on the effect of enthusiasm on learning and memory is mixed and largely inconclusive. To help resolve these inconsistencies, we conducted a carefully-controlled laboratory experiment, investigating whether enthusiastic instructions for a memory task would improve recall accuracy. Scripted videos, either enthusiastic or neutral, were used to manipulate the delivery of task instructions. We also manipulated the sequence of learning items, replicating the spacing effect, a known cognitive technique for memory improvement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731816/relative-utility-or-marginal-positive-predictive-values-accounting-for-overdiagnosis-should-guide-optimal-recall-rates
#4
John D Keen, James E Keen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731813/reply-to-relative-utility-or-marginal-positive-predictive-values-accounting-for-overdiagnosis-should-guide-optimal-recall-rates
#5
Paula Grabler, David A Ansell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731805/reply-to-finding-the-best-recall-and-cancer-detection-rates-for-screening-mammography
#6
Paula Grabler, David A Ansell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731803/finding-the-best-recall-and-cancer-detection-rates-for-screening-mammography
#7
David Seidenwurm, Jonathan Breslau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731610/relative-validity-of-a-2-day-24-hour-dietary-recall-compared-with-a-2-day-weighed-dietary-record-among-adults-in-south-china
#8
Hongmei Xue, Mingzhe Yang, Yan Liu, Ruonan Duan, Guo Cheng, Xiao Zhang
AIM: To determine the relative validity of a 2-day 24-hour dietary recall (HR) designed to assess energy and nutrient intake among Chinese adults compared with a 2-day weighed dietary record (WD). METHODS: Data were obtained from an ongoing population-based, prospective cohort study of adults aged 18-65 years in South China. A total of 41 adults completing a HR and a WD within 14 days were included in the present analysis. Estimations of individual mean differences, Spearman's correlation coefficients, cross-classifications and Bland-Altman plots were used to assess the agreement between the intakes of energy and 18 nutrients obtained from the HR and the WD...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731597/reliability-and-relative-validity-of-a-diet-index-score-for-adults-derived-from-a-self-reported-short-food-survey
#9
Gilly A Hendrie, Megan A Rebuli, Rebecca K Golley
AIM: Assess the reliability and relative validity of a diet index score for adults derived using a 38-item online survey. METHODS: The short food survey (SFS) measured 'usual' intake of seven food groups, three food choice indicators and variety; and was completed by 61 adults aged 19-50 years from Adelaide, Australia. A score was applied to assess compliance with the 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines. Reliability of the survey was measured between two administrations one week apart; and validity by comparing the first administration to the average of three 24-hour dietary recalls...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731565/a-narrative-synthesis-of-women-s-out-of-body-experiences-during-childbirth
#10
Lynda Bateman, Catriona Jones, Julie Jomeen
INTRODUCTION: Some women have a dissociated, out-of-body experience (OBE) during childbirth, which may be described as seeing the body from above or floating above the body. This review examines this phenomenon using narratives from women who have experienced intrapartum OBEs. METHODS: A narrative synthesis of qualitative research was employed to systematically synthesize OBE narratives from existing studies. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731562/relative-validity-of-a-brief-fat-and-fibre-behaviour-questionnaire-in-a-population-of-overweight-and-obese-breast-cancer-survivors-a-note-of-caution
#11
Megan E Whelan, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Elizabeth G Eakin, Marina M Reeves
AIM: Dietary intake assessment is often difficult in research contexts because of time and resource constraints and participant burden. Valid, reliable and brief assessments of dietary behaviour are needed. Additionally, examination of instrument performance in a variety of populations is needed. This study assessed relative validity and responsiveness to change of the Fat and Fibre Behaviour Questionnaire (FFBQ) in a population of breast cancer survivors compared with dietary intake measured by 24-hour recalls...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731561/association-of-glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-an-iranian-adult-population-isfahan-healthy-heart-program
#12
Noushin Mohammadifard, Marjan Mansourian, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Ali Pourmoghaddas, Narges Yazdekhasti, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: There is controversy around the clinical effects of the dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) on cardiovascular diseases risk factors such as metabolic syndrome (MetS). So, the present study was performed to evaluate the relationship between GI or GL and metabolic syndrome in an Iranian adult population in 2007. METHODS: The study was based on data from a sub-sample of the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP), collected across three cities in central Iran, in the year 2007...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731553/trends-in-fluid-consumption-and-beverage-choices-among-adults-reveal-preferences-for-ayran-and-black-tea-in-central-turkey
#13
Reyhan Nergiz-Unal, Emine Akal Yildiz, Gülhan Samur, H Tanju Besler, Neslisşah Rakicioğlu
AIM: Beverages are globally significant sources of water in the diet. There is a lack of knowledge about fluid intake from beverage and water consumption in Turkey. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the type of drinks preferred at meals and snacks as well as the daily fluid, beverage and water intakes based on age and gender. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 3411 randomly chosen adult participants (n = 1522 male, n = 1919 female) representing the general profile of central Turkey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731335/a-simple-representation-of-three-dimensional-molecular-structure
#14
Seth D Axen, Xi-Ping Huang, Elena L Cáceres, Leo Gendelev, Bryan L Roth, Michael J Keiser
Statistical and machine learning approaches predict drug-to-target relationships from 2D small-molecule topology patterns. One might expect 3D information to improve these calculations. Here we apply the logic of the Extended Connectivity FingerPrint (ECFP) to develop a rapid, alignment-invariant 3D representation of molecular conformers, the Extended Three-Dimensional FingerPrint (E3FP). By integrating E3FP with the Similarity Ensemble Approach (SEA), we achieve higher precision-recall performance relative to SEA with ECFP on ChEMBL20, and equivalent receiver operating characteristic performance...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731266/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study-of-the-effects-of-levetiracetam-on-cognition-mood-and-balance-in-healthy-older-adults
#15
Mike R Schoenberg, Ruba S Rum, Katie E Osborn, Mary Ann Werz
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive and mood effects of levetiracetam (LEV) in older adults are not known. This study compared the cognitive and mood effects of LEV to placebo in healthy older adults. METHODS: Cognitive, mood, and balance variables were compared between LEV and placebo using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study with two 5-week treatment periods. Healthy volunteers (n = 20) aged 65-80 (mean age 72.4) received either LEV or placebo in which the LEV target dose was 1,000 mg/day...
July 21, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729929/picture-free-recall-performance-linked-to-the-brain-s-structural-connectome
#16
David Coynel, Leo Gschwind, Matthias Fastenrath, Virginie Freytag, Annette Milnik, Klara Spalek, Andreas Papassotiropoulos, Dominique J-F de Quervain
INTRODUCTION: Memory functions are highly variable between healthy humans. The neural correlates of this variability remain largely unknown. METHODS: Here, we investigated how differences in free recall performance are associated with DTI-based properties of the brain's structural connectome and with grey matter volumes in 664 healthy young individuals tested in the same MR scanner. RESULTS: Global structural connectivity, but not overall or regional grey matter volumes, positively correlated with recall performance...
July 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729710/learning-a-health-knowledge-graph-from-electronic-medical-records
#17
Maya Rotmensch, Yoni Halpern, Abdulhakim Tlimat, Steven Horng, David Sontag
Demand for clinical decision support systems in medicine and self-diagnostic symptom checkers has substantially increased in recent years. Existing platforms rely on knowledge bases manually compiled through a labor-intensive process or automatically derived using simple pairwise statistics. This study explored an automated process to learn high quality knowledge bases linking diseases and symptoms directly from electronic medical records. Medical concepts were extracted from 273,174 de-identified patient records and maximum likelihood estimation of three probabilistic models was used to automatically construct knowledge graphs: logistic regression, naive Bayes classifier and a Bayesian network using noisy OR gates...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729310/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-caries-experience-care-level-and-dental-attendance-in-primary-school-children-in-belgium-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Martijn J Lambert, Jacques S N Vanobbergen, Luc C Martens, Luc M J De Visschere
OBJECTIVES: Oral health inequality in children is a widespread and well-documented problem in oral healthcare. However, objective and reliable methods to determine these inequalities in all oral health aspects, including both dental attendance and oral health, are rather scarce. AIMS: To explore oral health inequalities and to assess the impact of socioeconomic factors on oral health, oral health behaviour and dental compliance of primary school children. METHODS: Data collection was executed in 2014 within a sample of 2216 children in 105 primary schools in Flanders, by means of an oral examination and a validated questionnaire...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729200/additive-effects-of-sensory-enhanced-satiety-and-memory-for-recent-eating-on-appetite
#19
Martin R Yeomans, Millie Ruder Milton, Lucy Chambers
The sensory characteristics of a product have been shown to interact with actual nutrient content to generate satiety. Separately, cued recall of recent eating has also been shown to reduce food intake. Here we explore for the first time how these two effects interact, with the hypothesis that sensory enhancement of satiety might be mediated by more vivid memory of the earlier consumed item. On each of two test sessions, 119 women volunteers consumed a control drink (lemonade) on one morning and then one of two test drinks on the next day 30 min before an ad libitum lunch...
July 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727668/comprehensive-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-secondary-prevention-after-transient-ischemic-attack-or-mild-stroke-psychological-profile-and-outcomes
#20
Peter L Prior, Vladimir Hachinski, Richard Chan, Karen Unsworth, Sharon Mytka, Michael Harnadek, Christina OʼCallaghan, Neville Suskin
PURPOSE: Having previously reported that comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR) is effective for secondary prevention post-transient ischemic attack (TIA)/mild nondisabling stroke (MNDS), we present psychometric findings for the same sample that elucidate subacute TIA/MNDS psychological outcomes and test whether CCR would be independently associated with psychological improvements. METHODS: In this prospective cohort trial patients with ≥1 risk factor, recruited from a stroke prevention clinic within 12 months (mean = 11...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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