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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813783/comprehensive-overview-of-prostatitis
#1
REVIEW
Farhan Ullah Khan, Awais Ullah Ihsan, Hidayat Ullah Khan, Ruby Jana, Junaid Wazir, Puregmaa Khongorzul, Muhammad Waqar, Xiaohui Zhou
Prostatitis is a common urinary tract syndrome that many doctors find problematic to treat effectively. It is the third most commonly found urinary tract disease in men after prostate cancer and Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH). Prostatitis may account for 25% of all office visits made to the urological clinics complaining about the genital and urinary systems all over the world. In the present study, we classified prostatitis and comprehensively elaborated the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of acute bacterial prostatitis (category I), chronic bacterial prostatitis (category II), chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) (category III), and asymptomatic prostatitis (category IV)...
August 12, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807736/uterine-didelphys-with-bilateral-cervical-agenesis-in-a-15-year-old-female
#2
Kate C Arnold, Theresa C Thai, LaTasha B Craig
BACKGROUND: Isolated uterine didelphys requires no treatment in contrast to cervical agenesis, which requires a hysterectomy. Given this, correct diagnosis of Müllerian anomalies is paramount for making recommendations for patient care. CASE: A 15-year-old presented to clinic with pelvic pain and primary amenorrhea. Uterine didelphys with bilateral cervical agenesis was diagnosed by imaging. Hysterectomy was recommended and diagnosis was confirmed at surgery and by anatomic pathology...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802473/integrative-women-s-health
#3
REVIEW
Delia Chiaramonte, Melinda Ring, Amy B Locke
This article addresses the common women's health concerns of menopause-related symptoms, premenstrual syndrome, and chronic pelvic pain. Each can be effectively addressed with an integrative approach that incorporates interventions such as pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, mind-body approaches, acupuncture, and lifestyle modification.
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801952/positioning-telling-and-performing-a-male-illness-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#4
Nicholas Wood, Annum Qureshi, Fahim Mughal
OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of illness accounts of men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS), despite a significant level of prevalence and burden of disease. This qualitative study thus elicited twelve accounts from men suffering with CP/CPPS. METHODS: Narrative analysis was employed, focusing primarily on narrative content. RESULTS: Three major narrative themes were identified: (1) Medical stories: Blame and shame; (2) The Erratic nature of CP/CPPS; and (3) Ongoing struggles for coping and cures and the Search for meaning...
August 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800726/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-pain-following-hysterectomy-among-southern-jiangsu-chinese-women
#5
Chao Han, Zhijun Ge, Wenjie Jiang, Hailong Zhao, Tieliang Ma
BACKGROUND: Chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) after hysterectomy has been recognized as a major clinical problem in the Western World. Reports on post-hysterectomy pain are relatively scarce in China. The aim of the current study was to prospectively investigate the incidence and the potential risk factors of CPSP at 3 months following hysterectomy in Chinese population. METHODS: We assessed and collected data on preoperative socio-demographic characteristics, preexisting pain, anxiety and depression, sexual satisfaction, intra-operative variables, and acute postoperative pain intensity in a cohort of 870 women undergoing hysterectomy...
August 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800626/targeting-lysyl-oxidase-reduces-peritoneal-fibrosis
#6
Christopher R Harlow, Xuan Wu, Marielle van Deemter, Fiona Gardiner, Craig Poland, Rebecca Green, Sana Sarvi, Pamela Brown, Karl E Kadler, Yinhui Lu, J Ian Mason, Hilary O D Critchley, Stephen G Hillier
BACKGROUND: Abdominal surgery and disease cause persistent abdominal adhesions, pelvic pain, infertility and occasionally, bowel obstruction. Current treatments are ineffective and the aetiology is unclear, although excessive collagen deposition is a consistent feature. Lysyl oxidase (Lox) is a key enzyme required for crosslinking and deposition of insoluble collagen, so we investigated whether targeting Lox might be an approach to reduce abdominal adhesions. METHODS: Female C57Bl/6 mice were treated intraperitoneally with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (NT) to induce fibrosis, together with chemical (ß-aminoproprionitrile-BAPN) or miRNA Lox inhibitors, progesterone or dexamethasone...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798827/childhood-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-predicts-irritable-bowel-syndrome-phenotype-in-adult-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome-patients
#7
R Christopher Doiron, Barry A Kogan, Victoria Tolls, Karen Irvine-Bird, J Curtis Nickel
INTRODUCTION: Many clinicians have suggested that a history of bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) in childhood predisposes to the development of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in adulthood. We hypothesized that BBD symptoms in childhood would predict the IBS-associated phenotype in adult IC/BPS patients. METHODS: Consecutive female patients (n=190) with a diagnosis of IC/BPS were administered a modified form of a clinical BBD questionnaire (BBDQ) to capture childhood BBD-like symptoms, as well as Interstitial Cystitis Symptoms Index (ICSI), Interstitial Cystitis Problem Index (ICPI), Pelvic Pain and Urgency/Frequency (PUF) questionnaires and UPOINT categorization...
August 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792095/the-role-of-c-fibers-in-the-development-of-chronic-psychological-stress-induced-enhanced-bladder-sensations-and-nociceptive-responses-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-study-of-urologic-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-mapp-research-network-study
#8
Yunliang Gao, Rong Zhang, Huiyi H Chang, Larissa V Rodríguez
AIMS: To evaluate C fiber-mediated changes in bladder sensation and nociception in an animal model of stress induced bladder hyperalgesia and urinary frequency. METHODS: Female Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were exposed to a chronic (10 days) water avoidance stress (WAS) and compared to controls. Rats were evaluated by cystometrogram (CMG) and visceromotor reflex (VMR) to bladder infusion with room temperature (RT) or cold saline. Cold saline activates afferent C-fibers via cold bladder receptors...
August 9, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791845/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pelvic-congestion-syndrome-single-centre-experiences
#9
Tadeusz A Dorobisz, Jerzy S Garcarek, Jacek Kurcz, Krzysztof Korta, Andrzej T Dorobisz, Przemysław Podgórski, Jan Skóra, Piotr Szyber
BACKGROUND: One of the underestimated causes of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in women may be pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) that is defined as the presence of varicose of ovarian and pelvic veins associated with chronic pain in the region of the pelvis. This pain is present longer than 6 months and intensifies with prolonged standing, coitus and menstruation. The disease constitutes a diagnostic as well as therapeutic problem, thus posing a challenge for the clinician. Transcatheter ovarian vein embolization might be a safe and effective option for PCS treatment...
March 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791270/herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome-an-unusual-presentation-with-pyocolpos
#10
Eun Jung Jung, Moon Hyeong Cho, Da Hyun Kim, Jung Mi Byun, Young Nam Kim, Dae Hoon Jeong, Moon Su Sung, Ki Tae Kim, Kyung Bok Lee
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly of the urogenital tract, which is characterized by the triad of uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. It usually presents at puberty with pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and a vaginal or pelvic mass. Although rare, it may present with purulent vaginal discharge due to secondary infection of the obstructed hemivagina, making diagnosis difficult. A careful pelvic examination to identify the cervix and vagina is the key to the diagnosis of Müllerian duct anomalies and magnetic resonance imaging can provide additional useful information...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777193/endometriosis-in-adolescents
#11
Tazim Dowlut-McElroy, Julie L Strickland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article addresses recent literature regarding the diagnosis and management of endometriosis in adolescents. RECENT FINDINGS: An increasing body of literature suggests that advanced-stage endometriosis (revised scoring system of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine Stage III or IV) and deeply invasive endometriosis are relatively common in adolescents. There remains limited data on the efficacy of postoperative hormonal management of endometriosis in the adolescent population...
August 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770549/therapy-related-longitudinal-brain-perfusion-changes-in-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#12
Christian Weisstanner, Livio Mordasini, George N Thalmann, Rajeev K Verma, Christian Rummel, Andrea Federspiel, Thomas M Kessler, Roland Wiest
BACKGROUND: The imaging method most frequently employed to identify brain areas involved in neuronal processing of nociception and brain pain perception is blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Arterial spin labelling (ASL), in contrast, offers advantages when slow varying changes in brain function are investigated. Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a disorder of, mostly, young males that leads to altered pain perceptions in structures related to the pelvis...
August 3, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765662/-retrorectal-cystic-hamartoma-tailgut-cyst-an-uncommon-cause-of-recurrent-abdominal-pain
#13
M Ostiz Llanos, N Yanguas Barea, G Jiménez López de Oñate, G González Álvarez, I Fernández de Los Reyes
Retrorectal cystic hamartomas are rare congenital lesions that arise from aberrant remnants of the postanal gut. Most of them appear as asymptomatic lesions in middle-aged women but they can manifest with nonspecific symptoms such as abdominal or pelvic pain, constipation or diarrhoea, genitourinary symptoms, etc. Due to their anatomical position and variable presentation these lesions are often misdiagnosed. Complications include infection and malignant transformation, which is the reason why surgical treatment is always indicated...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762547/correlation-of-inflammatory-mediators-in-prostatic-secretion-with-chronic-prostatitis-and-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#14
T R Huang, W Li, B Peng
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common clinical syndrome, and the mechanisms underlying the relationship between CP/CPPS and ED are still unclear. This study aimed to investigate the differential expression of 40 inflammatory mediators in patients with CP/CPPS and to demonstrate whether these mediators related to the severity of erectile function. Eighty cases of patients with CP/CPPS were selected, including 40 cases of IIIA and 40 cases of IIIB, with 20 cases of healthy men as controls...
August 1, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762367/socioeconomic-status-of-parents-and-the-occurrence-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-among-undergraduates-attending-irrua-specialist-teaching-hospital-irrua-edo-state-nigeria
#15
Tijani Idris Ahmad Oseni, Michael Adeoye Odewale
BACKGROUND: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a major cause of gynaecological morbidity globally. Complications from PID include infertility, ectopic pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain. Low socioeconomic status (SES) is a risk factor for the occurrence of PID. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the association between SES of parents and the occurrence of PID among undergraduates attending Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua. METHODOLOGY: The study was a hospital-based, descriptive cross-sectional study...
April 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760458/clinical-and-sonographic-predictors-of-adnexal-torsion-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients
#16
Yaakov Melcer, Ron Maymon, Marina Pekar-Zlotin, Moty Pansky, Noam Smorgick
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of torsion diagnosis in the pediatric and adolescent population. METHODS: This retrospective study included 87 patients <18years who presented with acute pelvic pain and were operated for suspected adnexal torsion from January 2009 to September 2016. RESULTS: Adnexal torsion was found in 53 of 87 (60.9%) cases operated for suspected torsion. The rate of accurate torsion diagnosis was significantly higher among pre-menarchal (21/21, 100%) compared with post-menarchal girls (32/66, 48...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757851/retrograde-placement-of-spinal-cord-stimulator-leads-for-treating-resistant-pelvic-pain
#17
Alaa Abd-Elsayed, Samuel Lee, Cara King
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753805/the-urinary-tract-microbiome-in-health-and-disease
#18
REVIEW
Isabel M Aragón, Bernardo Herrera-Imbroda, María I Queipo-Ortuño, Elisabeth Castillo, Julia Sequeira-García Del Moral, Jaime Gómez-Millán, Gozde Yucel, María F Lara
CONTEXT: The urinary tract, previously considered a sterile body niche, has emerged as the host of an array of bacteria in healthy individuals, revolutionizing the urology research field. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on microbiome implications in the urinary tract and the usefulness of probiotics/prebiotics and diet as treatment for urologic disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed and Medline from inception until July 2016...
November 14, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750966/the-effectiveness-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-in-an-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-related-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life-hr-qol-a-case-report
#19
Kanu Goyal, Manu Goyal, Kanimozhi Narkeesh, Asir John Samuel, Sorabh Sharma, Subhasish Chatterjee, Narkeesh Arumugam
Abnormal uterine bleeding is characterized by painful and/or excessive menorrhea, chronic pelvic pain due to the endometriosis (Em). Osteopathic treatment is commonly used in the gynecological dysfunctions. The aim of the present case study was to explore the effect of osteopathic treatment (OT) for a woman with abnormal uterine bleeding related pain and quality of life (QoL). We reported a case of 29 year old female who presented with chief complaints of increased flow during periods, lower abdominal pain, leukorrhoea, lower back pain and with occasional constipation for the last 3 years...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745849/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-the-emergency-department-digest
#20
Charles Walter Bugg, Taku Taira, Milana Zaurova
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a common disease that is associated with significant complications including infertility, chronic pelvic pain, ruptured tubo-ovarian abscess, and ectopic pregnancy. The diagnosis may be delayed when the presentation has nonspecific signs and symptoms. Even when it is properly identified, pelvic inflammatory disease is often treated suboptimally. This review provides evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment, disposition, and follow-up of patients with pelvic inflammatory disease...
December 22, 2016: Emergency Medicine Practice
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