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Neuromuscular training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226176/holistic-segmentation-of-the-lung-in-cine-mri
#1
William Kovacs, Nathan Hsieh, Holger Roth, Chioma Nnamdi-Emeratom, W Patricia Bandettini, Andrew Arai, Ami Mankodi, Ronald M Summers, Jianhua Yao
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a childhood-onset neuromuscular disease that results in the degeneration of muscle, starting in the extremities, before progressing to more vital areas, such as the lungs. Respiratory failure and pneumonia due to respiratory muscle weakness lead to hospitalization and early mortality. However, tracking the disease in this region can be difficult, as current methods are based on breathing tests and are incapable of distinguishing between muscle involvements. Cine MRI scans give insight into respiratory muscle movements, but the images suffer due to low spatial resolution and poor signal-to-noise ratio...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222073/the-functional-impairments-in-a-patient-with-morvan-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
Stephanie Tow, Desi Carozza, Kim Barker
A 48 year-old man with lung squamous cell carcinoma was admitted to acute care with cognitive impairment after recent chemotherapy. He developed myoclonus, ataxia, agitation, and visual hallucinations. Morvan's Syndrome, a rare voltage-gated potassium channel antibody disorder characterized by neuromyotonia with central nervous system dysfunction, was eventually diagnosed. He received plasmapheresis and was admitted to inpatient rehabilitation, where he safely participated in therapies. By focusing on neuromuscular rehabilitation, balance training, fine motor skills, and cognitive retraining emphasizing skills relevant to the patient's premorbid cognitive activities, the patient demonstrated significant functional improvement, decreasing the burden of care of his caregivers...
December 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218406/correction-to-acute-and-chronic-neuromuscular-adaptations-to-local-vibration-training
#3
Robin Souron, Thibault Besson, Guillaume Y Millet, Thomas Lapole
The author would like to correct the reference in the publication of the original article. The corrected reference is given below for your reading.
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217857/a-comparison-of-haemodynamic-responses-between-clinical-assessment-guided-tracheal-intubation-and-neuromuscular-block-monitoring-guided-tracheal-intubation-a-prospective-randomised-study
#4
Rudranil Nandi, Shekhar Ranjan Basu, Susanta Sarkar, Rakesh Garg
Background and Aims: Haemodynamic responses to laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation and their hazards are well documented. The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of laryngoscopy and intubation on cardiovascular responses when the appropriate moment for intubation was directed by either clinical judgment or train-of-four assessment. Methods: A total of 68 patients, posted for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, were randomised into two groups. In Group M patients, the trachea was intubated after train of four counts became zero in adductor pollicis muscle, whereas in Group C patients, the trachea was intubated after the clinical judgment of jaw muscle relaxation...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214519/functional-capacity-improves-in-line-with-neuromuscular-performance-after-12%C3%A2-weeks-of-non-linear-periodization-strength-training-in-the-elderly
#5
Bruno Monteiro de Moura, Raphael Luiz Sakugawa, Lucas Bet da Rosa Orssatto, Luis Antonio Pereira de Lima, Ronei Silveira Pinto, Simon Walker, Fernando Diefenthaeler
BACKGROUND: While it is accepted that resistance training can improve functional capacity in older individuals, the neuromuscular source of this improvement has yet to be identified. AIM: This study investigated the link between improved neuromuscular performance and functional capacity after a 12-week resistance training period in untrained healthy older individuals. METHODS: Fifteen older men and women (60-71 years) adhered to a 4-week control period, followed by 12 weeks of non-linear resistance training for the lower limbs...
December 6, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200627/effect-of-motor-imagery-training-and-electromyogram-triggered-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-lower-extremity-function-in-stroke-patients-a-pilot-trial
#6
Ji-Hoon Kim, Young-Seok Cho, Ji-Su Park, Won-Jin Kim
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of motor imagery training and electromyogram-triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation (MIT-EMG NMES) on the lower extremity function of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] This study recruited eight patients with hemiplegia due to stroke. All patients received MIT-EMG NMES for 20 min daily, 5 days per week for 4 weeks. Lower extremity function were assessed using the timed up-and-go (TUG) and 10-meter walk (10MW) tests. [Results] The results of TUG test decreased significantly from 20...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200077/consensus-statement-on-perioperative-use-of-neuromuscular-monitoring
#7
Mohamed Naguib, Sorin J Brull, Aaron F Kopman, Jennifer M Hunter, Béla Fülesdi, Hal R Arkes, Arthur Elstein, Michael M Todd, Ken B Johnson
A panel of clinician scientists with expertise in neuromuscular blockade (NMB) monitoring was convened with a charge to prepare a consensus statement on indications for and proper use of such monitors. The aims of this article are to: (a) provide the rationale and scientific basis for the use of quantitative NMB monitoring; (b) offer a set of recommendations for quantitative NMB monitoring standards; (c) specify educational goals; and (d) propose training recommendations to ensure proper neuromuscular monitoring and management...
November 30, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196141/effect-of-resistance-training-on-muscle-strength-and-rate-of-force-development-in-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Pedro de Camargo Guizelini, Rafael Alves de Aguiar, Benedito Sérgio Denadai, Fabrizio Caputo, Camila Coelho Greco
Rapid force capacity, identified by rate of rise in contractile force at the onset of contraction, i.e., the rate of force development (RFD), has been considered an important neuromuscular parameter of physical fitness in elderly individuals. Randomized control studies conducted in adults have found that resistance training may elicit different outcomes in terms of RFD and muscle strength. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to review systematically the literature for studies regarding the influence of resistance training on muscle strength and RFD in elderly persons...
November 28, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189420/neostigmine-based-reversal-of-intermediate-acting-neuromuscular-blocking-agents-to-prevent-postoperative-residual-paralysis-a-systematic-review
#9
Najat Tajaate, Jan-Uwe Schreiber, Thomas Fuchs-Buder, Yvonne Jelting, Peter Kranke
BACKGROUND: Neostigmine is widely used to antagonise residual paralysis. Over the last decades, the benchmark of acceptable neuromuscular recovery has increased progressively to a train-of-four (TOF) ratio of at least 0.9. Raising this benchmark may impact on the efficacy of neostigmine. OBJECTIVE(S): The systematic review evaluates the efficacy of neostigmine to antagonise neuromuscular block to attain a TOF ratio of at least 0.9. DESIGN: We performed a systematic search of the literature from January 1992 to December 2015...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184511/dose-response-relationship-of-neuromuscular-training-for-injury-prevention-in-youth-athletes-a-meta-analysis
#10
Simon Steib, Anna L Rahlf, Klaus Pfeifer, Astrid Zech
Background: Youth athletes with intensive sports participation are at an increased risk of sustaining injuries. Neuromuscular training programs reduce sports-related injury risk in this population, however, the dose-response relationship is largely unknown. Thus, the aim of this meta-analysis was to identify the optimal frequency, volume, duration, and period of neuromuscular training to prevent injuries in youth athletes. Methods: Computerized database searches (PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, The Cochrane Library, PEDro) were conducted in January 2017, with search terms related to youth sports, neuromuscular training, and injury prevention...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184312/effects-of-4-weeks-of-dynamic-neuromuscular-stabilization-training-on-balance-and-gait-performance-in-an-adolescent-with-spastic-hemiparetic-cerebral-palsy
#11
Do-Hyun Kim, Duk-Hyun An, Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study investigated the effects of 4 weeks of dynamic neuromuscular stabilization training on balance ability. [Subject and Methods] An adolescent with spastic hemiparetic cerebral palsy was recruited. The subject performed 4 weeks of dynamic neuromuscular stabilization training. We assessed the balance subtest of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Second Edition, the 10-meter walk test, and the 6-min walk test. [Results] The balance subtest scores were improved significantly after training...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184265/long-term-low-intensity-endurance-exercise-along-with-blood-flow-restriction-improves-muscle-mass-and-neuromuscular-junction-compartments-in-old-rats
#12
Mohammad-Ali Bahreini Pour, Siyavash Joukar, Fariborz Hovanloo, Hamid Najafipour
Background: During the aging process, muscle atrophy and neuromuscular junction remodeling are inevitable. The present study aimed to clarify whether low-intensity aerobic exercise along with limb blood-flow restriction (BFR) could improve aging-induced muscle atrophy and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) at the neuromuscular junction. Methods: Forty-eight male Wistar rats, aged 23-24 months, were randomly divided into control, sham (Sh: subjected to surgery without BFR), BFR (subjected to BFR), exercise (Ex: subjected to 10 weeks of low-intensity exercise), Sh+Ex, and BFR+Ex groups...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183339/effect-of-emg-triggered-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-with-bilateral-arm-training-on-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-and-arm-function-after-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Li-Ling Chuang, You-Lin Chen, Chih-Chung Chen, Yen-Chen Li, Alice May-Kuen Wong, An-Lun Hsu, Ya-Ju Chang
BACKGROUND: Hemiplegic shoulder pain is a frequent complication after stroke, leading to limited use of the affected arm. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) are two widely used interventions to reduce pain, but the comparative efficacy of these two modalities remains uncertain. The purpose of this research was to compare the immediate and retained effects of EMG-triggered NMES and TENS, both in combination with bilateral arm training, on hemiplegic shoulder pain and arm function of stroke patients...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182431/impact-induced-muscle-damage-and-contact-sport-aetiology-effects-on-neuromuscular-function-and-recovery-and-the-modulating-effects-of-adaptation-and-recovery-strategies
#14
Mitchell Naughton, Joanna Miller, Gary J Slater
Athletes involved in contact-sports are habitually exposed to skeletal muscle damage as part of their training and performance environments. This often leads to exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) resulting from repeated eccentric and/or high-intensity exercise, and impact-induced muscle damage (IIMD) resulting from collisions with opponents and the playing surface. Whilst EIMD has been an area of extensive investigation, IIMD has received comparatively little research, with the magnitude and timeframe of alterations following IIMD not presently well understood...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178460/the-adequate-rocuronium-dose-required-for-complete-block-of-the-adductor-muscles-of-the-thigh
#15
M Fujimoto, K Kawano, T Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Rocuronium can prevent the obturator jerk during transurethral resection of bladder tumors. We investigated the adequate rocuronium dose required for complete block of the thigh adductor muscles, and its correlation with individual responses of the adductor pollicis muscle to rocuronium. METHODS: Eleven patients scheduled for transurethral resection of bladder tumors under general anesthesia were investigated. After general anesthesia induction, neuromuscular monitoring of the adductor pollicis muscle and ultrasonography-guided stimulation of the obturator nerve was commenced...
November 26, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172648/prevention-of-knee-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-through-the-use-of-neuromuscular-and-proprioceptive-training-an-evidence-based-review
#16
Lucas Dargo, Kelsey J Robinson, Kenneth E Games
Reference/Citation:  Donnell-Fink LA, Klara K, Collins JE, et al. Effectiveness of knee injury and anterior cruciate ligament tear prevention programs: a meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2015;10(12)e0144063. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Is neuromuscular and proprioceptive training effective in preventing knee and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries? DATA SOURCES:   The authors searched CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE/EMBASE, PubMed, and Web of Science databases from 1996 through December 2014 and limited the results to peer-reviewed manuscripts published in English...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164749/effects-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-the-frequency-of-skeletal-muscle-cramps-a-prospective-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Michael Behringer, Jan-Frieder Harmsen, Alessandro Fasse, Joachim Mester
OBJECTIVES: We investigated if neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) of calf muscles prevents spontaneous calf cramps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 19 individuals affected by more than or equal to one calf cramp per week the gastrocnemius of the predominantly affected leg was stimulated twice a week (intervention leg, IL) over six weeks (3 × 6 stimulation trains at 30 Hz above the individual cramp threshold frequency). The other leg served as control (CL). The participants were advised to record all spontaneous muscle cramps from two weeks before the intervention until two weeks after the last NMES session...
November 22, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163937/development-and-validation-of-a-simplified-algorithm-for-neonatal-gestational-age-assessment-protocol-for-the-alliance-for-maternal-newborn-health-improvement-amanhi-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Abdullah Baqui, Parvez Ahmed, Sushil Kanta Dasgupta, Nazma Begum, Mahmoodur Rahman, Nasreen Islam, Mohammad Quaiyum, Betty Kirkwood, Karen Edmond, Caitlin Shannon, Samuel Newton, Lisa Hurt, Fyezah Jehan, Imran Nisar, Atiya Hussain, Naila Nadeem, Muhammad Ilyas, Anita Zaidi, Sunil Sazawal, Saikat Deb, Arup Dutta, Usha Dhingra, Said Moh'd Ali, Davidson H Hamer, Katherine Ea Semrau, Marina Straszak-Suri, Caroline Grogan, Godfrey Bemba, Anne Cc Lee, Blair J Wylie, Alexander Manu, Sachiyo Yoshida, Rajiv Bahl
Objective: The objective of the Alliance for Maternal and Newborn Health Improvement (AMANHI) gestational age study is to develop and validate a programmatically feasible and simple approach to accurately assess gestational age of babies after they are born. The study will provide accurate, population-based rates of preterm birth in different settings and quantify the risks of neonatal mortality and morbidity by gestational age and birth weight in five South Asian and sub-Saharan African sites...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163219/neuromuscular-training-improves-lower-extremity-biomechanics-associated-with-knee-injury-during-landing-in-11-13-year-old-female-netball-athletes-a-randomized-control-study
#19
Amanda J Hopper, Erin E Haff, Christopher Joyce, Rhodri S Lloyd, G Gregory Haff
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a neuromuscular training (NMT) program on lower-extremity biomechanics in youth female netball athletes. The hypothesis was that significant improvements would be found in landing biomechanics of the lower-extremities, commonly associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, following NMT. Twenty-three athletes (age = 12.2 ± 0.9 years; height = 1.63 ± 0.08 m; mass = 51.8 ± 8.5 kg) completed two testing sessions separated by 7-weeks and were randomly assigned to either a experimental or control group...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161387/reversal-of-residual-neuromuscular-block-complications-associated-with-perioperative-management-of-muscle-relaxation
#20
J M Hunter
The use of anticholinesterases to reverse residual neuromuscular block at the end of surgery became routine practice in the 1950s. These drugs could only be used when recovery from block was established [two twitches of the train-of-four (TOF) count detectable] and concern was expressed about their cholinergic side-effects. By the 1990s, it was recognized that failure to reverse residual block adequately to a TOF ratio (TOFR) >0.7 was associated with increased risk of postoperative pulmonary complications (POPCs) following the long-acting non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking drug (NDNMBD) pancuronium...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
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