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Neuromuscular training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046425/carotid-chemoreceptors-tune-breathing-via-multipath-routing-reticular-chain-and-loop-operations-supported-by-parallel-spike-train-correlations
#1
Kendall F Morris, Sarah C Nuding, Lauren S Segers, Kimberly Erin Iceman, Russell O'Connor, Jay B Dean, Mackenzie M Ott, Pierina A Alencar, Dale Shuman, Kofi-Kermit Horton, Thomas E Taylor-Clark, Donald C Bolser, Bruce G Lindsey
We tested the hypothesis that carotid chemoreceptors tune breathing through parallel circuit paths that target distinct elements of an inspiratory neuron chain in the ventral respiratory column (VRC). Microelectrode arrays were used to monitor neuronal spike trains simultaneously in the VRC, peri-nucleus tractus solitarius-medial medulla (p-NTS-MM), the dorsal parafacial region of the lateral tegmental field (FTL-pF), and medullary raphé nuclei together with phrenic nerve activity during selective stimulation of carotid chemoreceptors or transient hypoxia in 19 decerebrate, neuromuscularly-blocked, and artificially ventilated cats...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037616/the-effect-of-motor-control-training-on-kinetics-variables-of-patients-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-and-movement-control-impairment-prospective-observational-study
#2
Vahid Mohammadi, Amir Letafatkar, Haydar Sadeghi, AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Roger Hilfiker
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of motor control training on pain, disability and motor control indices in patients with nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP) and movement control impairment (MCI) and also to evaluate the correlation between the changes in disability and the motor control indices. METHODS: Thirty people with NSLBP and MCI based on a clinical examination were following either motor control training or normal activity over 8 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030644/how-to-prevent-the-detrimental-effects-of-two-months-of-bed-rest-on-muscle-bone-and-cardiovascular-system-an-rct
#3
Andreas Kramer, Albert Gollhofer, Gabriele Armbrecht, Dieter Felsenberg, Markus Gruber
Physical inactivity leads to a deconditioning of the skeletal, neuromuscular and cardiovascular system. It can lead to impaired quality of life, loss of autonomy, falls and fractures. Regular exercise would be a logical remedy, but the generally recommended high-volume endurance and strength training programs require a lot of time and equipment. In this randomized controlled study with 23 healthy participants, we established that a short, intensive jump training program can prevent the large musculoskeletal and cardiovascular deconditioning effects caused by two months of physical inactivity during bed rest, particularly the loss of bone mineral mass and density, lean muscle mass, maximal leg strength and peak oxygen uptake...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023563/influence-of-platinum-harmonized-textile-on-neuromuscular-systemic-and-subjective-recovery
#4
Fridolin Zinke, Patrick Bakenecker, Daniel Hahn
The clothing manufacturer Venex Life-Science tracks the strategy to enhance recovery process through implementing platinum harmonized technology (PHT) into their Venex® Regeneration Wear. The proposed mechanisms of the regeneration wear are an increase of parasympathetic activity and an increase of the temperature due far-infrared radiation. The purpose of this study was to investigate potential effects of Venex regeneration wear on the recovery of neuromuscular, systemic and subjective parameters following exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023279/syncope-episodes-and-blood-flow-restriction-training
#5
Juan Martín-Hernández, Alejandro Santos-Lozano, Carl Foster, Alejandro Lucia
The combination of low-load resistance training [or more recently, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES)] with a moderate local blood flow restriction (BFR) is becoming a widespread training and rehabilitation method. Scientific data indicate the overall safety of BFR, at least in healthy young people. However, it has been associated with side effects, usually minor, and further research is warranted regarding the safety and efficacy of this technique, especially in clinical populations. We found 3 syncope/presyncopal episodes among 21 healthy people (9 men), all occurring in men and during familiarization sessions (in which BFR was applied alone) but not thereafter (BFR sessions combined with NMES): 1 subject experienced a brief syncope and 2 other subjects exhibited presyncopal symptoms (sweating, lightheadedness, and pallor)...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021917/a-feasibility-pilot-using-telehealth-videoconference-monitoring-of-home-based-nmes-resistance-training-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Ashraf S Gorgey, Robert M Lester, Rodney C Wade, Refka E Khalil, Rehan K Khan, Melodie L Anderson, Teodoro Castillo
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to investigate the feasibility and initial efficacy of telehealth communication in conjunction with surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) resistance training (RT) to induce muscle hypertrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a home-based setting of within-subject control design of trained vs controlled limbs. Five men with chronic (>1 year postinjury) motor-complete spinal cord injury (SCI) participated in a twice-weekly telehealth videoconference program using home-based NMES-RT for 8 weeks...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021758/acute-neuromuscular-adaptations-in-the-postural-control-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-after-perturbed-walking
#7
Cristian F Pasluosta, Simon Steib, Sarah Klamroth, Heiko Gaßner, Julia Goßler, Julius Hannink, Vinzenz von Tscharner, Klaus Pfeifer, Juergen Winkler, Jochen Klucken, Bjoern M Eskofier
Patients suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD) present motor impairments reflected in the dynamics of the center of pressure (CoP) adjustments during quiet standing. One method to study the dynamics of CoP adjustments is the entropic half-life (EnHL), which measures the short-term correlations of a time series at different time scales. Changes in the EnHL of CoP time series suggest neuromuscular adaptations in the control of posture. In this study, we sought to investigate the immediate changes in the EnHL of CoP adjustments of patients with PD during one session of perturbed (experimental group) and unperturbed treadmill walking (control group)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992936/-short-term-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-induced-changes-in-cardiorespiratory-mechanical-and-neuromuscular-responses-to-progressive-exercise-testing
#8
P-M Leprêtre, M Ghannem, S Delanaud, N Jaunet, L Gaillard, A Barnabé, T Porcher, T Weissland
Previous studies showed that changes in peak of oxygen uptake value (VO2peak) with training were poorly related to changes in Maximal Tolerated Power output (MTP) among patients with cardiovascular disease. This result could be due to a difference between cardiopulmonary adaptation to training and the skeletal muscle conditioning. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the responses to exercise training of electromyographic activities of vastus lateralis (rms-EMG) and respiratory parameters...
October 6, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986337/improving-neuromuscular-monitoring-and-reducing-residual-neuromuscular-blockade-with-e-learning-protocol-for-the-multicenter-interrupted-time-series-invert-study
#9
Jakob Louis Demant Thomsen, Ole Mathiesen, Daniel Hägi-Pedersen, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Doris Østergaard, Jens Engbaek, Mona Ring Gätke
BACKGROUND: Muscle relaxants facilitate endotracheal intubation under general anesthesia and improve surgical conditions. Residual neuromuscular blockade occurs when the patient is still partially paralyzed when awakened after surgery. The condition is associated with subjective discomfort and an increased risk of respiratory complications. Use of an objective neuromuscular monitoring device may prevent residual block. Despite this, many anesthetists refrain from using the device. Efforts to increase the use of objective monitoring are time consuming and require the presence of expert personnel...
October 6, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983937/factors-associated-with-change-in-health-related-quality-of-life-among-individuals-treated-with-long-term-mechanical-ventilation-a-six-year-follow-up-study
#10
Heidi Markussen, Sverre Lehmann, Roy M Nilsen, Gerd K Natvig
AIMS: To examine changes and explanatory variables for changes in health-related quality of life in patients treated with long-term mechanical ventilation over a six-year period. BACKGROUND: Long-term mechanical ventilation is a treatment for individuals with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure, primarily caused by neuromuscular diseases, obesity hypoventilation syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary and restrictive thoracic diseases. Studies on long-term outcome on health-related quality of life and factors influencing it are lacking...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980009/adaptations-of-fatigue-and-fatigability-after-a-short-intensive-combined-rehabilitation-program-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Sophie Hameau, Djamel Bensmail, Nicolas Roche, Raphael Zory
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue and fatigability are common problems in patients with multiple sclerosis, which might be improved by rehabilitation. The aim of this pilot study was to assess changes in the fatigue and fatigability of knee extensors in patients with multiple sclerosis after a short intensive, combined rehabilitation programme (including physiotherapy primarily focused on gait and balance, endurance and resistance training). METHODS: Twenty-three patients with multiple sclerosis (10 men, 13 women) underwent isokinetic evaluations of fatigability of the knee extensor muscles during concentric contractions and rated a self-reported fatigue scale (Modified Fatigue Impact Scale; MFIS) before and after a rehabilitation programme...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979857/osteoarthritis-action-alliance-consensus-opinion-best-practice-features-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-lower-limb-injury-prevention-programs
#12
Thomas Trojian, Jeffrey Driban, Rathna Nuti, Lindsay Distefano, Hayley Root, Cristina Nistler, Cynthia LaBella
AIM: To identify best practice features of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and lower limb injury prevention programs (IPPs) to reduce osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: This consensus statement started with us performing a systematic literature search for all relevant articles from 1960 through January 2017 in PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL. The search strategy combined the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) and keywords for terms: (1) ACL OR "knee injury" OR "anterior cruciate ligament"; (2) "prevention and control" OR "risk reduction" OR "injury prevention" OR "neuromuscular training"; and (3) meta-analysis OR "systematic review" OR "cohort study" OR randomized...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976815/dissemination-and-implementation-strategies-of-lower-extremity-preventive-training-programs-in-youth-a-clinical-review
#13
Lindsay J DiStefano, Barnett S Frank, Hayley J Root, Darin A Padua
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular preventive training programs effectively reduce injury and improve performance in youth athletes. However, program effectiveness is directly linked to program compliance, fidelity, and dosage. Preventive training programs are not widely adopted by youth sport coaches. One way to promote widespread dissemination and compliance is to identify implementation strategies that influence program adoption and maintenance. It is unknown how previously published programs have followed the elements of an implementation framework...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968362/ultrasonography-in-peripheral-nervous-system-diagnosis
#14
Francis O Walker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-resolution ultrasound has made it possible to view most nerves and muscles in real time and to identify pathologic change in size, echo texture, and vascularity. This article focuses on the principles underlying ultrasound imaging and the application of ultrasound imaging to clinical disorders commonly seen in an electrodiagnostic laboratory. RECENT FINDINGS: Ultrasound is a sensitive and specific tool for evaluating myopathic and neurogenic muscle disease...
October 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967478/partial-neuromuscular-block-impairs-arytenoid-abduction-during-hypercarbic-challenge-in-anesthetized-dogs
#15
Chia T Tseng, Daniel M Sakai, Madeline Libin, Monika Mostowy, Jonathan Cheetham, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed, Manuel Martin-Flores
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of two levels of partial neuromuscular block (NMB) on arytenoid abduction, tidal volume (VT) and peak inspiratory flow (PIF) in response to a hypercarbic challenge in anesthetized dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective laboratory study. ANIMALS: Eleven healthy male Beagle dogs aged 3-5 years. METHODS: Dogs were anesthetized with propofol and dexmedetomidine infusions. The rima glottidis was observed via an endoscope placed through a laryngeal mask airway...
June 7, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965448/neuromuscular-scoliosis-complication-rates-from-2004-to-2015-a-report-from-the-scoliosis-research-society-morbidity-and-mortality-database
#16
Daniel Cognetti, Heather M Keeny, Amer F Samdani, Joshua M Pahys, Darrell S Hanson, Kathy Blanke, Steven W Hwang
OBJECTIVE Postoperative complications are one of the most significant concerns in surgeries of the spine, especially in higher-risk cases such as neuromuscular scoliosis. Neuromuscular scoliosis is a classification of multiple diseases affecting the neuromotor system or musculature of patients leading to severe degrees of spinal deformation, disability, and comorbidity, all likely contributing to higher rates of postoperative complications. The objective of this study was to evaluate deformity correction of patients with neuromuscular scoliosis over a 12-year period (2004-2015) by looking at changes in postsurgical complications and management...
October 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965198/time-course-of-recovery-following-resistance-training-leading-or-not-to-failure
#17
Ricardo Morán-Navarro, Carlos E Pérez, Ricardo Mora-Rodríguez, Ernesto de la Cruz-Sánchez, Juan José González-Badillo, Luis Sánchez-Medina, Jesús G Pallarés
PURPOSE: To describe the acute and delayed time course of recovery following resistance training (RT) protocols differing in the number of repetitions (R) performed in each set (S) out of the maximum possible number (P). METHODS: Ten resistance-trained men undertook three RT protocols [S × R(P)]: (1) 3 × 5(10), (2) 6 × 5(10), and (3) 3 × 10(10) in the bench press (BP) and full squat (SQ) exercises. Selected mechanical and biochemical variables were assessed at seven time points (from - 12 h to + 72 h post-exercise)...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963127/molecular-neuromuscular-and-recovery-responses-to-light-versus-heavy-resistance-exercise-in-young-men
#18
Cody T Haun, Petey W Mumford, Paul A Roberson, Matthew A Romero, Christopher B Mobley, Wesley C Kephart, Richard G Anderson, Ryan J Colquhoun, Tyler W D Muddle, Michael J Luera, Cameron S Mackey, David D Pascoe, Kaelin C Young, Jeffrey S Martin, Jason M DeFreitas, Nathaniel D M Jenkins, Michael D Roberts
Recent evidence suggests that resistance training with light or heavy loads to failure results in similar adaptations. Herein, we compared how both training modalities affect the molecular, neuromuscular, and recovery responses following exercise. Resistance-trained males (mean ± SE: 22 ± 2 years, 84.8 ± 9.0 kg, 1.79 ± 0.06 m; n = 15) performed a crossover design of four sets of leg extensor exercise at 30% (light RE) or 80% (heavy RE) one repetition maximum (1RM) to repetition failure, and heavy RE or light RE 1 week later...
September 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953616/effects-of-methylprednisolone-on-the-duration-of-rocuronium-induced-neuromuscular-block-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Weilian Geng, Yuyan Nie, Shaoqiang Huang
BACKGROUND: We aim to investigate whether intraoperative use of methylprednisolone could affect the duration of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade. METHODS: A double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted. A total of 136 patients underwent gynecologic laparoscopic surgery were randomly divided into 3 groups: pregroup, receiving intravenous injection of methylprednisolone (40 mg) 30 minutes before induction of anesthesia; postgroup, receiving intravenous injection of methylprednisolone (40 mg) immediately after induction of anesthesia and intubation; and control group, receiving intravenous injection of normal saline...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953501/neostigmine-administration-after-spontaneous-recovery-to-a-train-of-four-ratio-of-0-9-to-1-0-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effect-on-neuromuscular-and-clinical-recovery
#20
Glenn S Murphy, Joseph W Szokol, Michael J Avram, Steven B Greenberg, Torin D Shear, Mark A Deshur, Jessica Benson, Rebecca L Newmark, Colleen E Maher
BACKGROUND: When a muscle relaxant is administered to facilitate intubation, the benefits of anticholinesterase reversal must be balanced with potential risks. The aim of this double-blinded, randomized noninferiority trial was to evaluate the effect of neostigmine administration on neuromuscular function when given to patients after spontaneous recovery to a train-of-four ratio of 0.9 or greater. METHODS: A total of 120 patients presenting for surgery requiring intubation were given a small dose of rocuronium...
September 27, 2017: Anesthesiology
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