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Neuromuscular training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470362/an-evaluation-of-supramaximally-loaded-eccentric-leg-press-exercise
#1
Mellissa Harden, Alex Wolf, Mark Russell, Kirsty M Hicks, Duncan French, Glyn Howatson
High intensity eccentric exercise is a potent stimulus for neuromuscular adaptation. A greater understanding of the mechanical stimuli afforded by this exercise will aid the prescription of future eccentric training regimes. This study sought to investigate the mechanical characteristics of supramaximally loaded eccentric exercise when using a custom-built leg press machine. Using a within subject, repeated measures design, 15 strength trained subjects (age 31 ± 7 years; height 180.0 ± 6.8 cm; body mass 81...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467022/recovery-of-muscle-function-after-deep-neuromuscular-block-by-means-of-diaphragm-ultrasonography-and-adductor-of-pollicis-acceleromyography-with-comparison-of-neostigmine-vs-sugammadex-as-reversal-drugs-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Iacopo Cappellini, Fabio Picciafuochi, Daniele Ostento, Ginevra Danti, Angelo Raffaele De Gaudio, Chiara Adembri
BACKGROUND: The extensive use of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) during surgical procedures still leads to potential residual paralyzing effects in the postoperative period. Indeed, neuromuscular monitoring in an intra-operative setting is strongly advocated. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors can reverse muscle block, but their short half-life may lead to residual curarization in the ward, especially when intermediate or long-acting NMBAs have been administered. Sugammadex is the first selective reversal drug for steroidal NMBAs; it has been shown to give full and rapid recovery of muscle strength, thus minimizing the occurrence of residual curarization...
February 21, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466274/dissociated-time-course-of-recovery-between-strength-and-power-after-isoinertial-resistance-loading-in-rugby-union-players
#3
Rodney A Kennedy, David Drake
Kennedy, RA and Drake, D. Dissociated time course of recovery between strength and power after isoinertial resistance loading in rugby union players. J Strength Cond Res 32(3): 748-755, 2018-There is a substantial amount of research on the responses to isometric and eccentric loading. However, only a paucity of literature exists on the responses to isoinertial loading, especially in trained athletic populations using realistic loading protocols. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute neuromuscular response to a bout of isoinertial resistance loading in elite rugby players...
March 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466269/neuromuscular-effects-to-6-weeks-of-loaded-countermovement-jumping-with-traditional-and-daily-undulating-periodization
#4
Boris Ullrich, Thiemo Pelzer, Mark Pfeiffer
Ullrich, B, Pelzer, T, and Pfeiffer, M. Neuromuscular effects to 6 weeks of loaded countermovement jumping with traditional and daily undulating periodization. J Strength Cond Res 32(3): 660-674, 2018-Loaded vertical jumps are routinely used to enhance athlete's power production in the lower extremity and to optimize jumping and sprinting performance. This study compared traditional (TP) and daily undulating (DUP) periodization on muscle strength, jumping performance, electromyographic (EMG) muscle activity, and muscle architecture during preseason loaded jump training...
March 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465045/sugammadex-improves-neuromuscular-function-in-patients-receiving-perioperative-steroids
#5
A B Ozer, E Bolat, O L Erhan, M Kilinc, I Demirel, G Caglar Toprak
Context: Sugammadex has steroid-encapsulating effect. Aim: This study was undertaken to assess whether the clinical efficacy of sugammadex was altered by the administration of steroids. Setting and Design: Sixty patients between 18 and 60 years of age with the American Society of Anesthesiologists I-IV and undergoing elective direct laryngoscopy/biopsy were included in this study. Materials and Methods: Patients were assigned to two groups based on the intraoperative steroid use: those who received steroid (Group S) and who did not (Group C)...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461411/sequencing-effects-of-object-control-and-locomotor-skill-during-integrated-neuromuscular-training-in-6-7-year-old-children
#6
Michael J Duncan, Thomas Hames, Emma L J Eyre
This study examined whether scheduling of object control (e.g., throwing, catching) and locomotor skills (e.g., running, jumping), within an integrated neuromuscular training (INT) program, results in different responses in motor competence, muscular fitness and perceived motor competence in 6-7 year old children. Seventy seven boys and 63 girls (n = 140) from 3 primary schools were randomised into three, 10-week interventions, Loco First (n = 50) where locomotor skills were performed first followed by object control skills; Object First (n =48) where object control skills were performed first followed by locomotor skills or a control group (n =42, CON) who undertook school Physical Education...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461398/what-is-important-besides-getting-the-bone-to-heal-impact-on-tissue-injury-other-than-the-fracture
#7
Michael J Gardner, Thomas A Higgins, William H Harvin, James P Stannard, Mark A Lee, Brett D Crist
Fracture surgeons do a great job of managing bone issues, but they may overlook the associated soft tissue injuries that play a significant role in the final outcome after musculoskeletal injury. The soft tissue reconstruction ladder can help guide reconstructive procedures based on the least complex procedure that allows the best chance of fracture healing. Muscle injury, volume loss, and deconditioning occur with traumatic injury and during the recovery phase. Neuromuscular stimulation, nutrition, and strength training are potential ways to aid in recovery...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447105/multi-muscle-electrical-stimulation-and-stand-training-effects-on-standing
#8
Kamyar Momeni, Arvind Ramanujam, Erica L Garbarini, Gail F Forrest
OBJECTIVE: To examine the biomechanical and neuromuscular effects of a longitudinal multi-muscle electrical stimulation (submaximal intensities) training of the lower limbs combined with/without activity-based stand training, on the recovery of stability and function for one individual with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Single-subject, longitudinal study. SETTING: Neuroplasticity laboratory. PARTICIPANT: A 34-year-old male, with sensory- and motor-complete SCI (C5/C6)...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443103/paradigms-of-lower-extremity-electrical-stimulation-training-after-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Ashraf S Gorgey, Refka E Khalil, Robert M Lester, Gary A Dudley, David R Gater
Skeletal muscle atrophy, increased adiposity and reduced physical activity are key changes observed after spinal cord injury (SCI) and are associated with numerous cardiometabolic health consequences. These changes are likely to increase the risk of developing chronic secondary conditions and impact the quality of life in persons with SCI. Surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation evoked resistance training (NMES-RT) was developed as a strategy to attenuate the process of skeletal muscle atrophy, decrease ectopic adiposity, improve insulin sensitivity and enhance mitochondrial capacity...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442142/classic-papers-on-pelvic-floor-physiotherapy-the-most-frequently-cited-articles-in-three-decades-1983-2013
#10
REVIEW
Alexandre Fornari, Cristiane Carboni
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic floor physiotherapy has been utilized extensively over the past decades for the treatment of pelvic floor dysfunctions. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize the most frequently cited articles on pelvic floor physiotherapy published in the last 30 years. METHODS: A PubMed search of all articles published between 1983 and 2013 was performed. Articles with more than 100 citations were identified as "classic," and were further analyzed based on author names, year of publication, journal of publication, subject, study design, country of research, and number of citations...
February 13, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434456/does-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-therapy-increase-voluntary-muscle-strength-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#11
Gabriel Ribeiro de Freitas, Camila Szpoganicz, Jocemar Ilha
Background: Physical therapists frequently use neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) therapy in an effort to increase the voluntary strength of partially paralyzed muscles in people with spinal cord injury (SCI), but it is not clear whether this treatment is effective. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of NMES for increasing voluntary strength in the partially paralyzed muscles of people with SCI. Methods: A systematic review of scientific literature was conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, PEDro, ScienceDirect, and Embase...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433467/effect-of-tendon-vibration-during-wide-pulse-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-on-muscle-force-production-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-sci
#12
Vanesa Bochkezanian, Robert U Newton, Gabriel S Trajano, Amilton Vieira, Timothy S Pulverenti, Anthony J Blazevich
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used in skeletal muscles in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) with the aim of increasing muscle recruitment and thus muscle force production. NMES has been conventionally used in clinical practice as functional electrical stimulation (FES), using low levels of evoked force that cannot optimally stimulate muscular strength and mass improvements, and thus trigger musculoskeletal changes in paralysed muscles. The use of high intensity intermittent NMES training using wide-pulse width and moderate-intensity as a strength training tool could be a promising method to increase muscle force production in people with SCI...
February 13, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431537/workload-fatigue-and-muscle-damage-in-an-u20-rugby-union-team-over-an-intensified-international-tournament
#13
Mathieu Lacome, Christopher Carling, Jean-Philippe Hager, Gerard Dine, Julien Piscione
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of an intensified tournament on workload, perceptual and neuromuscular fatigue and muscle damage responses in an international under-20 rugby union team. METHODS: Players were subdivided into two groups according to match-play exposure time: high (HEG, n=13) and low (LEG, n=11). Measures monitored over the 19-day period included training session (n=10) and match (n=5) workload determined via global positioning systems and session ratings of perceived exertion (sRPE)...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428556/effect-of-hypercapnia-on-self-sustained-muscle-activity
#14
Kei Hatano, Kazuki Shirakawa, Noboru Usuda, Ryouta Matsuura, Yoshinori Ohtsuka, Takahiro Yunoki
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of hypercapnia on motor neuromuscular activity of the human triceps surae muscle. Nine subjects participated in trials in a normal breathing condition and a CO2 rebreathing condition. In both conditions, in order to provoke self-sustained muscle activity, percutaneous electrical train stimulation was applied to the tibial nerve while each subject lay on a bed. Self-sustained muscle activity, which is an indirect observation of plateau potentials in spinal motoneurons, was measured for 30 sec after the train stimulation by using surface electromyography...
February 8, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424273/neuromuscular-physiology-exercise-and-training-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#15
David G Behm
The pressure for children to excel and succeed in sport continues to mount. Although resistance training for youth was in disfavor by many organizations even into the early 21st century, children's training programs are more closely resembling the volume and intensity of adult programs. The physiological maturation of adolescent youth may impact their response to advanced training programs. Furthermore, the pressure to specialize in specific sports rather than engage in a variety of sporting activities may affect not only training responses but also injury incidence...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420780/changes-in-physical-performance-during-21-d-of-military-field-training-in-warfighters
#16
Tommi Ojanen, Keijo Häkkinen, Tommi Vasankari, Heikki Kyröläinen
Introduction: Few studies have reported the amount of physical activity (PA) and its associations to physical performance of warfighters during military field training (MFT). The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in neuromuscular performance and PA among male Finnish Army conscripts during a 21-d MFT and to evaluate their recovery during 4 d after MFT. Methods: Body composition and physical performance were measured four times during the study (before MFT (PRE), after 12 d (MID), post training (POST) and after 4 d of recovery (RECO))...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407862/the-effects-of-body-weight-unloading-on-kinetics-and-muscle-activity-of-overweight-males-during-overground-walking
#17
Arielle G Fischer, Alon Wolf
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight has become a major worldwide health and social epidemic. Training with body weight unloading, is a common method for gait corrections for various neuromuscular impairments. In the present study we assessed the effects of body weight unloading on knee and ankle kinetics and muscle activation of overweight subjects walking overground under various levels of body weight unloading. METHODS: Ten overweight subjects (25 ≤ BMI < 29...
January 24, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401197/effects-of-an-8-weeks-body-weight-neuromuscular-training-on-dynamic-balance-and-vertical-jump-performances-in-elite-junior-skiing-athletes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Jacopo Antonino Vitale, Antonio La Torre, Giuseppe Banfi, Matteo Bonato
The aim of the present randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of an 8-weeks neuromuscular training program focused on core stability, plyometric, and body-weight strengthening exercises on dynamic-postural control and vertical jump performance in elite junior skiers. Twenty-four Italian elite junior male skiers were recruited and randomized to either an experimental group, performing neuromuscular warm-up exercises, (EG; n = 12; age 18 ± 1 years; body mass 66 ± 21 kg; height 1.70 ± 0.1 m) or a control group involved in a standard warm-up (CG; n = 12; age 18 ± 1 years; body mass 62 ± 14 kg; height 1...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399936/train-of-four-recovery-precedes-twitch-recovery-during-reversal-with-sugammadex-in-pediatric-patients-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
Ricardo Vieira Carlos, Marcelo Luis Abramides Torres, Hans Donald de Boer
BACKGROUND: After reversal of a rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade with sugammadex, the recovery of train-of-four ratio to 0.9 is faster than recovery of first twitch of the train-of-four to 90% in adults. These findings after reversal of neuromuscular blockade with sugammadex have not yet been investigated in pediatric patients. AIMS: The aim of this retrospective analysis was to investigate the relationship of the recovery of first twitch of the train-of-four height and train-of-four ratio after reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade with sugammadex in pediatric patients...
February 4, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389835/effects-of-acute-salbutamol-intake-on-peripheral-and-central-fatigue-in-trained-men
#20
Julien Laurent, Michel Guinot, Thibault Le Roux Mallouf, Mathieu Marillier, Julie Larribaut, Samuel Verges
PURPOSE: Ergogenic effect in physically active subjects has been reported following acute salbutamol (SAL) intake. β2-agonists have potential stimulant effects within the central nervous system that could be involved in this ergogenic effect. We hypothesized that acute SAL intake would induce changes in cerebral responses during exercise, with significant improvement in cerebral oxygenation and voluntary activation (VA) contributing to an increase in muscle performance. METHODS: Fourteen trained male subjects (25 ± 5 years) performed repeated isometric knee extensions until task failure (TF) following 4 mg (oral) SAL, 800 μg (inhaled) SAL, or placebo intake...
January 31, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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