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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340517/-indigenous-peoples-hiv-and-public-policy-in-latin-america-an-exploration-of-the-current-situations-of-epidemiological-prevalence-prevention-care-and-timely-treatment
#1
Patricia Ponce, Rubén Muñoz, Matías Stival
This article aims to describe and analyze the situations of epidemiological prevalence, prevention, care and treatment of HIV in indigenous populations of Latin America. In order to do so, 304 published materials - including declarations, public policy and health program protocols, case studies and literature reviews with local, national and regional scopes - were identified, classified and analyzed. The differential social vulnerability to HIV infection and the inequity in health care access among indigenous populations can be attributed to the juxtaposition of factors such as structural violence, gender, racism, and discrimination due health condition (living with HIV) as well as the subordinated position of indigenous peoples in societies stratified not only socially and economically but also ethnically and culturally...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338829/imaging-findings-of-common-opportunistic-infections-and-malignant-tumors-in-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome-patients
#2
Ping Li, Juan Li, Hua Dan Xue, Huan Ling Wang, Tai Sheng Li, Zheng Yu Jin
The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has gradually increased in recent years.HIV mainly destroys the body's immune system,leading to decreased body resistance and thus the development of a variety of opportunistic infections and neoplastic diseases,especially in the digestive system. However,the clinical manifestations,laboratory findings,and physical examination results of these conditions are not specific. Imaging examinations can determine the presence of infection and tumor lesions and the disease scope;furthermore,they are useful tools for biopsy and follow-up evaluation...
December 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335323/antibiotic-prescribing-quality-for-children-in-primary-care-an-observational-study
#3
Megan Rose Williams, Giles Greene, Gurudutt Naik, Kathryn Hughes, Christopher C Butler, Alastair D Hay
BACKGROUND: Overuse and inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics is driving antibiotic resistance. GPs often prescribe antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in young children despite their marginal beneficial effects. AIM: To assess the quality of antibiotic prescribing for common infections in young children attending primary care and to investigate influencing factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: An observational, descriptive analysis, including children attending primary care sites in England and Wales...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327701/distribution-of-killer-immunoglobulin-like-receptor-genes-in-hiv-infected-long-term-non-progressors-from-mumbai-india
#4
Vijay R Chavan, Zakiya Ansari, Preeti Mehta, Jayanti Mania-Pramanik
BACKGROUND: Few reports suggest the association of killer immunoglobulin-like receptors of natural killer cells with human immunodeficiency virus infection. India with world's third largest population of human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, offers scope to study such association. OBJECTIVE: Current study (2010-2015) was designed to evaluate if killer immunoglobulin-like receptors gene polymorphisms are associated with HIV infection outcomes specifically, with long term non progressors...
January 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322917/identification-of-natural-antimicrobial-peptides-from-bacteria-through-metagenomic-and-metatranscriptomic-analysis-of-high-throughput-transcriptome-data-of-taiwanese-oolong-teas
#5
Kai-Yao Huang, Tzu-Hao Chang, Jhih-Hua Jhong, Yu-Hsiang Chi, Wen-Chi Li, Chien-Lung Chan, K Robert Lai, Tzong-Yi Lee
BACKGROUND: Anti-microbial peptides (AMPs), naturally encoded by genes and generally containing 12-100 amino acids, are crucial components of the innate immune system and can protect the host from various pathogenic bacteria and viruses. In recent years, the widespread use of antibiotics has resulted in the rapid growth of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms that often induce critical infection and pathogenesis. Recently, the advent of high-throughput technologies has led molecular biology into a data surge in both the amount and scope of data...
December 21, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322623/clinical-practice-guidelines-in-india-quality-appraisal-and-the-use-of-evidence-in-their-development
#6
Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Soushieta Jagadesh, May Ellatar, Neeraj Kohli, Muhammad Riedha, Monday Moi
BACKGROUND: Guideline development in India has come under increased scrutiny with a growing interest in the use of evidence for guideline development. METHODS: Guidelines on the four leading causes of disability adjusted life years in India (ischemic heart disease, lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, tuberculosis), published on or after 2010 was searched in electronic databases and by other methods and their quality appraised by using the AGREE-II appraisal tool...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321325/the-identification-and-characterization-of-sindbis-virus-rna-host-protein-interactions
#7
Autumn T LaPointe, Natasha N Gebhart, Megan E Meller, Richard W Hardy, Kevin J Sokoloski
Arthropod-borne viruses, such as the members of genus Alphavirus, are a significant concern to global public health. As obligate intracellular pathogens, RNA viruses must interact with the host cell machinery to establish, and complete, their viral lifecycles. Despite considerable efforts to define the host/pathogen interactions essential for alphaviral replication, an unbiased and inclusive assessment of alphaviral RNA:protein interactions has not been undertaken. Moreover, the biological and molecular importance of these interactions, in the full context of their molecular function as RNA-binding proteins, has not been fully realized...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314191/prominence-of-scientific-publications-toward-peri-implant-complications-in-implantology-a-bibliometric-analysis-using-the-h-classics-method
#8
Ho-Sheng Chiang, Ren-Yeong Huang, Pei-Wei Weng, Lian-Ping Mau, Yi-Wen Cathy Tsai, Ming-Pang Chung, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Hsiao-Wen Yeh, Yi-Shing Shieh, Wan-Chien Cheng
BACKGROUND: Current bibliometric analyses of the evolving trends in research scope category across different time periods using the H-classics method in implantology are considerably limited. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the classic articles in implantology to analyze bibliometric characteristics and associated factors in implantology for the past four decades. METHOD: H-Classics in implantology were identified within four time periods between 1977 and 2016, based on the h-index from the Scopus® database...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313137/fungal-peritonitis-in-the-standardizing-care-to-improve-outcomes-in-pediatric-end-stage-renal-disease-scope-collaborative
#9
Raj Munshi, Christine B Sethna, Troy Richardson, Jonathan Rodean, Samhar Al-Akash, Sushil Gupta, Alicia M Neu, Bradley A Warady
BACKGROUND: Fungal peritonitis is a serious complication among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The Standardizing Care to Improve Outcomes in Pediatric End Stage Renal Disease (SCOPE) Collaborative is a North American multicenter quality improvement initiative with the primary aim to reduce catheter-related infections in children on chronic dialysis. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of fungal peritonitis and outcomes of affected patients among pediatric subjects receiving chronic PD and enrolled in SCOPE...
January 8, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312831/translating-genomics-into-practice-for-real-time-surveillance-and-response-to-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-evidence-from-a-complex-multi-institutional-kpc-outbreak
#10
Jason C Kwong, Courtney R Lane, Finn Romanes, Anders Gonçalves da Silva, Marion Easton, Katie Cronin, Mary Jo Waters, Takehiro Tomita, Kerrie Stevens, Mark B Schultz, Sarah L Baines, Norelle L Sherry, Glen P Carter, Andre Mu, Michelle Sait, Susan A Ballard, Torsten Seemann, Timothy P Stinear, Benjamin P Howden
Background: Until recently, Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae were rarely identified in Australia. Following an increase in the number of incident cases across the state of Victoria, we undertook a real-time combined genomic and epidemiological investigation. The scope of this study included identifying risk factors and routes of transmission, and investigating the utility of genomics to enhance traditional field epidemiology for informing management of established widespread outbreaks...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260657/impact-of-enhanced-health-interventions-for-united-states-bound-refugees-evaluating-best-practices-in-migration-health
#11
Tarissa Mitchell, Deborah Lee, Michelle Weinberg, Christina Phares, Nicola James, Kittisak Amornpaisarnloet, Lalita Aumpipat, Gretchen Cooley, Anita Davies, Valerie Daw Tin Shwe, Vasil Gajdadziev, Olga Gorbacheva, Chutharat Khwan-Niam, Alexander Klosovsky, Waritorn Madilokkowit, Diana Martin, Naing Zaw Htun Myint, Thi Ngoc Yen Nguyen, Thomas B Nutman, Elise M O'Connell, Luis Ortega, Sugunya Prayadsab, Chetdanai Srimanee, Wasant Supakunatom, Vattanachai Vesessmith, William M Stauffer
With an unprecedented number of displaced persons worldwide, strategies for improving the health of migrating populations are critical. United States-bound refugees undergo a required overseas medical examination to identify inadmissible conditions (e.g., tuberculosis) 2-6 months before resettlement, but it is limited in scope and may miss important, preventable infectious, chronic, or nutritional causes of morbidity. We sought to evaluate the feasibility and health impact of diagnosis and management of such conditions before travel...
December 18, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249076/endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-in-children-with-a-fiber-optic-neuroendoscopy
#12
Wenjun Shen, Hasan R Syed, Gurpreet Gandhoke, Roxanna Garcia, Tatiana Pundy, Tadanori Tomita
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) provides a shunt-free treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus children. With rapidly evolving technology, the semi-rigid fiber optic neuroendoscopy shows a potential application in ETV by blunt fenestration. A retrospective analysis of our experience is reviewed. METHODS: The authors review infants and children who underwent ETV using this technique from June 2004 to June 2016 with radiological and clinical follow-up done by a single surgeon...
December 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245332/elevated-18f-naf-uptake-in-cricoid-cartilage-in-a-patient-with-laryngeal-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Yuxiao Xia, Chi Qi, Shumao Zhang, Zhanwen Huang, Yue Chen
RATIONALE: Laryngeal cancer is aggressive tumor that arises from the tissues of the larynx. Although any bone can be affected, involvement of cricoid cartilage was reported very rarely, and there has been no report of 18F-sodium fluoride positron emission tomography-computed tomography (F-NaF PET-CT) and 3D PET-CT for the evaluation of cricoid cartilage invasion. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 54-year-old male discovered a protruding mass in the right anterior neck, which had rapidly increased in size over a period of 2 months...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237706/patient-characteristics-resource-use-and-outcomes-associated-with-general-internal-medicine-hospital-care-the-general-medicine-inpatient-initiative-gemini-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Amol A Verma, Yishan Guo, Janice L Kwan, Lauren Lapointe-Shaw, Shail Rawal, Terence Tang, Adina Weinerman, Peter Cram, Irfan A Dhalla, Stephen W Hwang, Andreas Laupacis, Muhammad M Mamdani, Steven Shadowitz, Ross Upshur, Robert J Reid, Fahad Razak
BACKGROUND: The precise scope of hospital care delivered under general internal medicine services remains poorly quantified. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic characteristics, medical conditions, health outcomes and resource use of patients admitted to general internal medicine at 7 hospital sites in the Greater Toronto Area. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study involving all patients who were admitted to or discharged from general internal medicine at the study sites between Apr...
December 11, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233168/a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluation-studies-conducted-on-neonatal-systemic-infections-in-south-asia
#15
Shruti Murthy, Denny John, Isadora Perpetual Godinho, Myron Anthony Godinho, Vasudeva Guddattu, N Sreekumaran Nair
BACKGROUND: Neonatal systemic infections and their consequent impairments give rise to long-lasting health, economic and social effects on the neonate, the family and the nation. Considering the dearth of consolidated economic evidence in this important area, this systematic review aims to critically appraise and consolidate the evidence on economic evaluations of management of neonatal systemic infections in South Asia. METHODS: Full and partial economic evaluations, published in English, associated with the management of neonatal systemic infections in South Asia will be included...
December 12, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229654/protocol-for-developing-a-database-of-zoonotic-disease-research-in-india-dozoori
#16
Pranab Chatterjee, Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Manish Kakkar
INTRODUCTION: Zoonotic and emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) represent a public health threat that has been acknowledged only recently although they have been on the rise for the past several decades. On an average, every year since the Second World War, one pathogen has emerged or re-emerged on a global scale. Low/middle-income countries such as India bear a significant burden of zoonotic and EIDs. We propose that the creation of a database of published, peer-reviewed research will open up avenues for evidence-based policymaking for targeted prevention and control of zoonoses...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218225/the-gill-parasite-paramoeba-perurans-compromises-aerobic-scope-swimming-capacity-and-ion-balance-in-atlantic-salmon
#17
Malthe Hvas, Egil Karlsbakk, Stig Mæhle, Daniel William Wright, Frode Oppedal
The parasitic amoeba Paramoeba perurans is an aetiological agent of amoebic gill disease (AGD), a serious problem in seawater salmonid aquaculture globally. Other finfish species are also infected and infection events may be associated with periods of unusual high temperatures. Currently little is known about the impact of AGD on wild fish, but in a time with global warming and increasing aquaculture production this potential threat could be on the rise. A better understanding of the pathophysiology of infected fish is therefore warranted...
2017: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211040/promoting-long-term-health-among-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-what-s-new
#18
Mary Ann McColl, Shikha Gupta, Karen Smith, Alexander McColl
A key ingredient to successful health promotion is a primary care provider who can offer an informed first response to lifestyle issues, emerging problems and chronic challenges. This article aims to assist family physicians to play their role in promoting the health of people with SCI, by summarizing the latest evidence in the management of spinal cord injury in primary care. This study used a scoping review methodology to survey peer-reviewed journal articles and clinical guidelines published between January 2012 to June 2016...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203125/vascular-access-outcomes-reported-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-trials-a-systematic-review
#19
Andrea K Viecelli, Emma O'Lone, Benedicte Sautenet, Jonathan C Craig, Allison Tong, Eric Chemla, Lai-Seong Hooi, Timmy Lee, Charmaine Lok, Kevan R Polkinghorne, Robert R Quinn, Tushar Vachharajani, Raymond Vanholder, Li Zuo, Ashley B Irish, Trevor A Mori, Elaine M Pascoe, David W Johnson, Carmel M Hawley
BACKGROUND: Many randomized controlled trials have been performed with the goal of improving outcomes related to hemodialysis vascular access. If the reported outcomes are relevant and measured consistently to allow comparison of interventions across trials, such trials can inform decision making. This study aimed to assess the scope and consistency of vascular access outcomes reported in contemporary hemodialysis trials. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING & POPULATION: Adults requiring maintenance hemodialysis...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201149/complete-genome-sequence-of-the-vibrio-vulnificus-strain-vv2014djh-a-human-pathogenic-bacterium-isolated-from-a-death-case-in-china
#20
Junhang Pan, Yi Sun, Wenwu Yao, Haiyan Mao, Yanjun Zhang, Muyuan Zhu
Background: Vibrio vulnificus, an opportunistic pathogen, is the causative agent of life-threatening septicemia and severe wound infections. However, the pathogenicity and virulence factors of V. vulnificus are not fully understood. Here we report the complete genome sequence of V. vulnificus VV2014DJH, which was isolated from a death case. Results: The genome of the V. vulnificus VV2014DJH contains two circular chromosomes with a mean G+C content of 46.8%, but does not consists of any plasmids...
2017: Gut Pathogens
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