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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636017/effect-of-cisplatin-on-the-transport-activity-of-pii-type-atpases
#1
Francesco Tadini-Buoninsegni, Giacomo Sordi, Serena Smeazzetto, Giovanni Natile, Fabio Arnesano
Cisplatin (cis-diamminedichlorido-Pt(ii)) is extensively used as a chemotherapeutic agent against various types of tumors. However, cisplatin administration causes serious side effects, including nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity and neurotoxicity. It has been shown that cisplatin can interact with P-type ATPases, e.g., Cu(+)-ATPases (ATP7A and ATP7B) and Na(+),K(+)-ATPase. Cisplatin-induced inhibition of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase has been related to the nephrotoxic effect of the drug. To investigate the inhibitory effects of cisplatin on the pumping activity of PII-type ATPases, electrical measurements were performed on sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) and Na(+),K(+)-ATPase embedded in vesicles/membrane fragments adsorbed on a solid-supported membrane...
June 21, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630914/deregulated-ca-2-cycling-underlies-the-development-of-arrhythmia-and-heart-disease-due-to-mutant-obscurin
#2
Li-Yen R Hu, Maegen A Ackermann, Peter A Hecker, Benjamin L Prosser, Brendan King, Kelly A O'Connell, Alyssa Grogan, Logan C Meyer, Christopher E Berndsen, Nathan T Wright, W Jonathan Lederer, Aikaterini Kontrogianni-Konstantopoulos
Obscurins are cytoskeletal proteins with structural and regulatory roles encoded by OBSCN. Mutations in OBSCN are associated with the development of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Specifically, the R4344Q mutation present in immunoglobulin domain 58 (Ig58) was the first to be linked with the development of HCM. To assess the effects of R4344Q in vivo, we generated the respective knock-in mouse model. Mutant obscurins are expressed and incorporated normally into sarcomeres...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617952/systolic-ca-2-i-regulates-diastolic-levels-in-rat-ventricular-myocytes
#3
R Sankaranarayanan, K Kistamas, D J Greensmith, L A Venetucci, D A Eisner
[Ca(2+) ]i must be low enough in diastole so that the ventricle is relaxed and can refill with blood. Interference with this will impair relaxation. The factors responsible for regulation of diastolic [Ca(2+) ]i , in particular the relative roles of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and surface membrane are unclear. We investigated the effects on diastolic [Ca(2+) ]i that result from the changes of Ca cycling known to occur in heart failure. Experiments were performed using Fluo-3 in voltage-clamped rat ventricular myocytes...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612341/cardiomyocyte-marker-expression-in-dogs-with-left-atrial-enlargement-due-to-dilated-cardiomyopathy-or-myxomatous-mitral-valve-disease
#4
Izabela Janus, Malgorzata Kandefer-Gola, Rafal Ciaputa, Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak, Urszula Paslawska, Massimiliano Tursi, Marcin Nowak
INTRODUCTION: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) are common heart conditions in dogs. They have different etiology and pathogenesis and although other studies focused on changes in the left ventricles of the affected hearts, the aim of our study was to assess the expressions of some intrinsic proteins in the enlarged left atria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed an immunohistochemical analysis of left atrial specimens obtained from 15 dogs with DCM, 35 dogs with MMVD and six control dogs...
June 14, 2017: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606867/testosterone-deficiency-prevents-left-ventricular-contractility-dysfunction-after-myocardial-infarction
#5
REVIEW
R F Ribeiro Júnior, K S Ronconi, I C G Jesus, P W M Almeida, L Forechi, D V Vassallo, S Guatimosim, I Stefanon, A A Fernandes
Testosterone may affect myocardial contractility since its deficiency decreases the contraction and relaxation of the heart. Meanwhile, testosterone replacement therapy has raised concerns because it may worsen cardiac dysfunction and remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). In this study, we evaluate cardiac contractility 60 days after MI in rats with suppressed testosterone. Male Wistar rats underwent bilateral orchidectomy one week before the ligation of the anterior descending left coronary artery. The animals were divided into orchidectomized (OCT); MI; orchidectomized + MI (OCT + MI); orchidectomized + MI + testosterone (OCT + MI + T) and control (Sham) groups...
June 9, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603004/ion-channel-signaling-influences-cellular-proliferation-and-phagocyte-activity-during-axolotl-tail-regeneration
#6
Brandon M Franklin, S Randal Voss, Jeffrey L Osborn
Little is known about the potential for ion channels to regulate cellular behaviors during tissue regeneration. Here, we utilized an amphibian tail regeneration assay coupled with a chemical genetic screen to identify ion channel antagonists that altered critical cellular processes during regeneration. Inhibition of multiple ion channels either partially (anoctamin1/Tmem16a, anoctamin2/Tmem16b, KV2.1, KV2.2, L-type CaV channels and H/K ATPases) or completely (GlyR, GABAAR, KV1.5 and SERCA pumps) inhibited tail regeneration...
June 7, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592414/effects-of-sarcolipin-deletion-on-skeletal-muscle-adaptive-responses-to-functional-overload-and-unload
#7
Val A Fajardo, Bradley A Rietze, Paige J Chambers, Catherine Bellissimo, Eric Bombardier, Joe Quadrilatero, A Russell Tupling
Overexpression of sarcolipin (SLN), a regulator of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPases (SERCAs), stimulates calcineurin signaling to enhance skeletal muscle oxidative capacity. Some studies have shown that calcineurin may also control skeletal muscle mass and remodeling in response to functional overload and unload stimuli by increasing myofiber size and the proportion of slow fibers. To examine whether SLN might mediate these adaptive responses we performed soleus and gastrocnemius tenotomy in wild-type (WT) and Sln¬-null (Sln(-/-)) mice and examined the overloaded plantaris and unloaded/tenotomized soleus muscles...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587334/effect-of-acute-peritonitis-on-rocuronium-induced-intraperitoneal-pressure-reduction-and-the-uptake-function-of-the-sarcoplasmic-reticulum
#8
Jian-You Zhang, Yuan Gong, Mei-Rong Yang, Jin Wu, Shi-Tong Li
Previous studies have reported the incomplete relaxation effect of neuromuscular blockers on skeletal muscles in acute peritonitis (AP) and other inflammatory processes; however, the underlying mechanisms responsible for this effect have not yet been satisfactorily identified. The impaired removal of cytosolic Ca(2+) through sarcoendoplasmic Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) and defects in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) uptake are the major contributing factors to diastolic dysfunction. Previous studies on the effects of neuromuscular blockers have primarily focused on neuromuscular transmission...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578382/astragaloside-iv-alleviates-heart-failure-via-activating-ppar%C3%AE-to-switch-glycolysis-to-fatty-acid-%C3%AE-oxidation
#9
Zhiwei Dong, Pei Zhao, Ming Xu, Chen Zhang, Wei Guo, Huihua Chen, Jing Tian, Hongchang Wei, Rong Lu, Tongtong Cao
In heart failure (HF), energy metabolism pathway in cardiac muscle changes from fatty acid β-oxidation to glycolysis. However, the exact mechanism is unknown. Sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)α ATPase (SERCA) expression is downregulated and mitochondrial function is reduced in HF, perhaps partly due to a substantially reduced energy supply for excitation-contraction coupling resulting from a lower fatty acid β-oxidation rate. We investigated whether Astragaloside IV can activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) to stimulate fatty acid β-oxidation and increase cardiac energy production, improving mitochondrial function and the efficiency of SERCA in HF...
June 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572573/protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1b-is-a-mediator-of-cyclic-adp-ribose-induced-ca-2-signaling-in-ventricular-myocytes
#10
Seon-Ah Park, Bing-Zhe Hong, Ki-Chan Ha, Uh-Hyun Kim, Myung-Kwan Han, Yong-Geun Kwak
Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) releases Ca(2+) from ryanodine receptor (RyR)-sensitive calcium pools in various cell types. In cardiac myocytes, the physiological levels of cADPR transiently increase the amplitude and frequency of Ca(2+) (that is, a rapid increase and decrease of calcium within one second) during the cardiac action potential. In this study, we demonstrated that cADPR levels higher than physiological levels induce a slow and gradual increase in the resting intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) level over 10 min by inhibiting the sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA)...
June 2, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570539/monitoring-er-sr-calcium-release-with-the-targeted-ca2-sensor-catcher
#11
Florence N Reddish, Cassandra L Miller, Rakshya Gorkhali, Jenny J Yang
Intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) transients evoked by extracellular stimuli initiate a multitude of biological processes in living organisms. At the center of intracellular calcium release are the major intracellular calcium storage organelles, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the more specialized sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in muscle cells. The dynamic release of calcium from these organelles is mediated by the ryanodine receptor (RyR) and the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor (IP3R) with refilling occurring through the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA) pump...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561923/quantification-and-characterization-of-grouped-type-i-myofibers-in-human-aging
#12
Neil A Kelly, Kelley G Hammond, Michael J Stec, C Scott Bickel, Samuel T Windham, S Craig Tuggle, Marcas M Bamman
INTRODUCTION: Myofiber type grouping is a histological hallmark of age-related motor unit remodeling. Despite the accepted concept that denervation-reinnervation events lead to myofiber type grouping, the completeness of those conversions remains unknown. METHODS: Type I myofiber grouping was assessed in vastus lateralis biopsies from Young (26 ± 4 yrs, n = 27) and Older (66 ± 4 yrs, n = 91) adults. Grouped and ungrouped type I myofibers were evaluated for phenotypic differences...
May 31, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558076/functional-effects-of-hyperthyroidism-on-cardiac-papillary-muscle-in-rats
#13
Fabricio Furtado Vieira, Robson Ruiz Olivoto, Priscyla Oliveira da Silva, Julio Cesar Francisco, Rosalvo Tadeu Hochmuller Fogaça
BACKGROUND: Hyperthyroidism is currently recognized to affect the cardiovascular system, leading to a series of molecular and functional changes. However, little is known about the functional influence of hyperthyroidism in the regulation of cytoplasmic calcium and on the sodium/calcium exchanger (NCX) in the cardiac muscle. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the functional changes in papillary muscles isolated from animals with induced hyperthyroidism. METHODS: We divided 36 Wistar rats into a group of controls and another of animals with hyperthyroidism induced by intraperitoneal T3 injection...
December 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551786/mitochondrial-bioenergetics-during-ischemia-and-reperfusion
#14
Alicia E Consolini, María I Ragone, Patricia Bonazzola, Germán A Colareda
During ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) mitochondria suffer a deficiency to supply the cardiomyocyte with chemical energy, but also contribute to the cytosolic ionic alterations especially of Ca(2+). Their free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]m) mainly depends on mitochondrial entrance through the uniporter (UCam) and extrusion in exchange with Na(+) (mNCX) driven by the electrochemical gradient (ΔΨm). Cardiac energetic is frequently estimated by the oxygen consumption, which determines metabolism coupled to ATP production and to the maintaining of ΔΨm...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551705/nerve-induced-responses-of-mouse-vaginal-smooth-muscle
#15
Dirk F van Helden, Ayumi Kamiya, Sam Kelsey, Derek R Laver, Phillip Jobling, Retsu Mitsui, Hikaru Hashitani
Neural and agonist-induced contractions of proximal (i.e. upper half adjacent to the cervix) and distal mouse vaginal smooth muscle strips were investigated. We hypothesised that nerve-mediated vaginal contractions arise through activity of cholinergic nerves. Nerve activation by bursts of electrical field stimulation (EFS) caused a primary transient contraction often accompanied by a secondary transient contraction, both larger in proximal than distal tissues (i.e. primary: 7-fold larger; secondary: 3-fold larger)...
May 27, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543734/the-effect-of-repeated-periods-of-speed-endurance-training-on-performance-running-economy-and-muscle-adaptations-113-120-characters
#16
Casper Skovgaard, Nicki Winfield Almquist, Jens Bangsbo
The effect of repeated intense training interventions was investigated in eight trained male runners (maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 -max): 59.3±3.2 ml·kg(-1) ·min(-1) , mean±SD) who performed ten speed endurance training (SET; repeated 30-s 'all-out' bouts) and ten aerobic moderate-intensity training sessions during two 40-day periods (P1 and P2) separated by ~80 days of habitual training. Before and after both P1 and P2, subjects completed an incremental test to exhaustion to determine VO2 -max and a repeated running test at 90% vVO2 -max to exhaustion (RRT) to determine short-term endurance capacity...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542952/compensatory-and-decompensatory-alterations-in-cardiomyocyte-ca-2-dynamics-in-hearts-with-diastolic-dysfunction-following-aortic-banding
#17
Sara Gattoni, Åsmund Treu Røe, Jan Magnus Aronsen, Ivar Sjaastad, William E Louch, Nicolas P Smith, Steven A Niederer
KEY POINTS: At the cellular level cardiac hypertrophy causes remodelling, leading to changes in ionic channel, pump and exchanger densities and kinetics. Previous studies have focused on quantifying changes in channels, pumps and exchangers without quantitatively linking these changes with emergent cellular scale functionality. Two biophysical cardiac cell models were created, parameterized and validated and are able to simulate electrophysiology and calcium dynamics in myocytes from control sham operated rats and aortic-banded rats exhibiting diastolic dysfunction...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533073/the-impact-of-sevoflurane-on-coupling-of-the-left-ventricular-to-systemic-vasculature-in-rats-with-chronic-pulmonary-hypertension
#18
Lu Wang, Hui Luo, Gang Qin, Yanan Cao, Xiaowei Gao, Zhong Zhang, Zhi Ye, Junjie Zhang, Qulian Guo, E Wang
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between left ventricular function and afterload has not been investigated as much as the right ventricular function under chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH) during anesthesia. This study was designed to investigate effects of sevoflurane on the intrinsic coupling relationship between the left ventricle and systemic vasculature in the presence of PH. DESIGN: A randomized, controlled study. SETTING: University hospital...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531217/store-operated-ca2-entry-supports-contractile-function-in-hearts-of-hibernators
#19
Olga V Nakipova, Alexey S Averin, Edward V Evdokimovskii, Oleg Yu Pimenov, Leonid Kosarski, Dmitriy Ignat'ev, Andrey Anufriev, Yuri M Kokoz, Santiago Reyes, Andre Terzic, Alexey E Alekseev
Hibernators have a distinctive ability to adapt to seasonal changes of body temperature in a range between 37°C and near freezing, exhibiting, among other features, a unique reversibility of cardiac contractility. The adaptation of myocardial contractility in hibernation state relies on alterations of excitation contraction coupling, which becomes less-dependent from extracellular Ca2+ entry and is predominantly controlled by Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum, replenished by the Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528699/steps-toward-maturation-of-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes-by-defined-physical-signals
#20
Nian Shen, Anne Knopf, Claas Westendorf, Udo Kraushaar, Julia Riedl, Hannah Bauer, Simone Pöschel, Shannon Lee Layland, Monika Holeiter, Stefan Knolle, Eva Brauchle, Ali Nsair, Svenja Hinderer, Katja Schenke-Layland
Cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (ESC-CMs) may offer significant advances in creating in vitro cardiac tissues for disease modeling, drug testing, and elucidating developmental processes; however, the induction of ESCs to a more adult-like CM phenotype remains challenging. In this study, we developed a bioreactor system to employ pulsatile flow (1.48 mL/min), cyclic strain (5%), and extended culture time to improve the maturation of murine and human ESC-CMs...
May 18, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
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