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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674733/the-use-of-dental-implants-cast-bars-and-sleeve-overdentures-in-oral-cancer-patients
#1
R Ali, A Al-Khayatt, C Barclay
Surgical resection of an oral tumour (and the associated free flap reconstruction) can significantly alter the oral anatomy. The lack of sulcus depth, alveolar ridge, presence of a mobile flap and limited tongue movement can make it impossible for patients to control a removable prosthesis. To help this cohort of patients, dental implants can be invaluable. The Oral Rehabilitation Team at Central Manchester University Dental Hospital have used dental implants to rehabilitate oral cancer patients for over thirty years...
April 20, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668982/improved-medical-treatment-and-surgical-surveillance-of-children-and-adolescents-with-ulcerative-colitis-in-the-united-kingdom
#2
Marcus Karl-Keinz Auth, Su K Bunn, Aimee Leanne Protheroe, Linda Jane Williams, John M Fell, Rafeeq Muhammed, Nicholas Michael Croft, R Mark Beattie, Anne Willmott, Christine Spray, Babu Vadamalayan, Astor Rodrigues, John Puntis, Anna Jane Pigott, David C Wilson, Sally Mitton, Mark Furman, Charlie Charlton, Sonny K F Chong, Richard K Russell
Background: Pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) presents at an earlier age and increasing prevalence. Our aim was to examine morbidity, steroid sparing strategies, and surgical outcome in children with active UC. Methods: A national prospective audit was conducted for the inpatient period of all children with UC for medical or surgical treatment in the United Kingdom (UK) over 1 year. Thirty-two participating centers recruited 224 children in 298 admissions, comparisons over 6 years were made with previous audits...
April 13, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668582/bilateral-visual-loss-and-cerebral-infarction-after-spleen-embolization-in-a-trauma-patient-with-idiopathic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-a-case-report
#3
Wei-Ting Wang, Yu-Yu Li, Wan-Ching Lin, Jen-Yin Chen, Kuo-Mao Lan, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Kuo-Chuan Hung
RATIONALE: Splenic artery embolization (SAE) is a common procedure in trauma patients with blunt splenic injuries. We report a case of acute ischemic stroke following orthopedic surgery in a patient with post-SAE reactive thrombocytosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 37-year-old woman with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) suffered from multiple trauma scheduled for open reduction and internal fixation for right tibial and left radius fracture five days after SAE...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665060/combined-caudal-superficial-epigastric-axial-pattern-flap-and-full-thickness-buccal-mucosa-graft-for-single-stage-preputial-reconstruction-in-six-dogs
#4
F Massari, V Montinaro, P Buracco, G Romanelli
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of a caudal superficial epigastric flap in combination with a full-thickness oral mucosal/submucosal graft for single-stage reconstruction of extensive preputial defects in dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of dogs with extensive preputial defects either of traumatic origin or derived from tumour excision were reviewed. In all dogs, the prepuce was reconstructed using a full-thickness oral mucosal/submucosal graft combined with a caudal superficial epigastric axial pattern flap during a single surgical procedure...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664800/randomized-controlled-trial-of-extended-perioperative-counseling-in-enhanced-recovery-after-colorectal-surgery
#5
Håvard Mjørud Forsmo, Christian Erichsen, Anne Rasdal, Jon Meyer Tvinnereim, Hartwig Körner, Frank Pfeffer
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery programs reduce the length of hospital stay in patients who undergo elective colorectal resection, but the reasons for this reduction are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to assess the impact of extended perioperative counseling in treatment groups that were otherwise the same with respect to enhanced recovery after surgery criteria. DESIGN: Patients eligible for open or laparoscopic colorectal resection were randomly assigned to extended counseling (repeated information and guidance by a dedicated nurse) or standard counseling...
April 16, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664527/-perioperative-nutrition-in-eras-protocols
#6
Andrés Sánchez C, Karin Papapietro V
The trauma involved in any surgical procedure, even if elective, causes a metabolic stress response characterized by postoperative insulin resistance (PIR). PIR is considered a surgical stress marker and is associated with increased morbidity and postoperative length of stay. PIR worsens when the patient is operated in a state of prolonged preoperative fasting or when postoperative feeding is delayed. The ERAS Protocols (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) includes anesthetic, surgical, kinesiology, nutritional and nursing interventions aimed to modulate PIR...
November 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661495/narcotics-reduction-quality-and-safety-in-gynecologic-oncology-surgery-in-the-first-year-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-implementation
#7
Jennifer E Bergstrom, Marla E Scott, Yewande Alimi, Ting-Tai Yen, Deborah Hobson, Karime K Machado, Edward J Tanner, Amanda N Fader, Sarah M Temkin, Stephanie Wethington, Kimberly Levinson, Sam Sokolinsky, Brandyn Lau, Rebecca L Stone
OBJECTIVES: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs are mechanisms for achieving value-based improvements in surgery. This report provides a detailed analysis of the impact of an ERAS program on patient outcomes as well as quality and safety measures during implementation on a gynecologic oncology service at a major academic medical center. METHODS: A retrospective review of gynecologic oncology patients undergoing elective laparotomy during the implementation phase of an ERAS program (January 2016 through December 2016) was performed...
April 13, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661437/development-of-routine-dental-care-for-liver-transplant-outpatients
#8
S V Nascimento, A M Gonzalez, B Aguiar Roza, C F M G Pimentel, J Schirmer, S Mucci, D C Abranches
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation has become commonplace for patients with end-stage liver disease. The liver is a bodily organ of great importance, and its dysfunction can cause significant complications throughout the body. Patients with hepatic disease should be able to acquire knowledge of the physiology of the liver via the dental profession, and it is also necessary to modify some aspects of dental treatment even in healthy patients. Problems such as excessive bleeding and hepatotoxicity caused by some of the drugs used in dental treatment can lead to a decrease in systemic health...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658672/-present-situation-and-prospect-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-pancreatic-surgery
#9
Mengyu Feng, Taiping Zhang, Yupei Zhao
Enhanced recovery after surgery is a multimodal perioperative strategy according to the evidence-based medicine and multidisciplinary collaboration, aiming to improve the restoration of functional capacity after surgery by reducing surgical stress, optimal control of pain, early oral diet and early mobilization. Compared with other sub-specialty in general surgery, pancreatic surgery is characterized by complex disease, highly difficult procedure and more postoperative complications. Accordingly, pancreatic surgery shares a slow development in enhanced recovery after surgery...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658665/-application-of-enhanced-recovery-program-in-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy
#10
Yuan Ding, Zhongquan Sun, Wenyan Zhang, Xiangying Zhang, Yuancong Jiang, Sheng Yan, Weilin Wang
<b>Objective:</b> To evaluate the feasibility and safety of applying enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol in patients undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. <b>Methods:</b> Data of 36 patients undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy from May 2016 to May 2017 in the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine were reviewed. The patients were divided into ERAS group (<i>n</i>=12) and control group (<i>n</i>=24). The patients in ERAS group received a series of enhanced recovery procedures, including multimodal analgesia, early off-bed activity and early oral food-taking, etc...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650890/-patient-factors-enabling-the-decannulation-of-the-gastrostomy-tube-after-superselective-intra-arterial-chemoradiation-therapy-for-locally-advanced-oral-cancer-a-retrospective-study
#11
Yasushi Honda, Takaomi Kessoku, Akihiko Kusakabe, Tetsuya Matsuura, Asuka Yoshimi, Ayumu Goto, Haruhisa Yoshida, Akiko Sukegawa, Chiaki Hata, Yukie Saito, Yoko Miyashita, Ryoko Yashiro, Tomoya Komori, Sachiko Arai, Yohei Kamata, Tomoko Shimizu, Kenji Mitsudo, Toshiyuki Koizumi, Iwai Tohnai, Atsushi Nakajima, Yasushi Ichikawa
Superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy for locally advanced oral cancer induces complications such as mucositis, which impedes oral intake. Thus, at our hospital, a gastrostomy is performed in almost all patients during the treatment period to ensure the presence of an alternative administration route for nutrition and drugs. The purpose of this study was to calculate the mean number of days from completion of superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy to the decannulation of gastrostomy, and extract patient factors for the decannulation...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650887/-assessing-patient-factors-influencing-the-discontinuation-of-opioids-after-intra-arterial-chemotherapy-for-oral-cancer-a-retrospective-study
#12
Takaomi Kessoku, Akihiko Kusakabe, Tetsuya Matsuura, Yasushi Honda, Asuka Yoshimi, Ayumu Goto, Haruhisa Yoshida, Akiko Sukegawa, Chiaki Hata, Yukie Saito, Yoko Miyashita, Ryoko Yashiro, Tomoya Komori, Sachiko Arai, Yohei Kamata, Tomoko Shimizu, Kenji Mitsudo, Toshiyuki Koizumi, Iwai Tohnai, Atsushi Nakajima, Yasushi Ichikawa
Superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy for oral cancer induces the complication of mucositis. Although the associated pain is controlled using opioids, major questions from patients in clinical practice are as follows:(1)the mean number of days from the completion of superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy to the discontinuation of opioid administration, and(2)patient factors enabling the discontinuation of opioids. The purpose of this study was to clarify these points. A retrospective follow-up study was conducted from April 2016 to March 2017 on patients who underwent superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy at our department of oral surgery...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642951/use-of-oxidized-regenerated-cellulose-to-achieve-hemostasis-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#13
Emilia Masci, Giuseppe Faillace, Mauro Longoni
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the first-choice treatment for symptomatic cholelithiasis. Though generally safe, this procedure is not without complications, with bleeding the most frequent cause of conversion to open cholecystectomy. Oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC) added to conventional hemostatic strategies, is widely used to control bleeding during surgery despite limited evidence supporting its use. This retrospective study analyzed patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in an Italian center over a 16-month period, between October 2014 and February 2016, who experienced uncontrollable bleeding despite the use of conventional hemostatic strategies, requiring the addition of ORC gauze (Emosist® )...
April 11, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629059/effect-of-oral-ginger-on-prevention-of-nausea-and-vomiting-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Alireza Bameshki, Mohammad Hasan Namaiee, Ali Jangjoo, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam, Mohammad Hosein Eshaghi Ghalibaf, Atefeh Ghorbanzadeh, Shima Sheybani
Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are among the most frequent complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Recently, some studies have shown ginger, as an herbal medicine, to be effective and safe in PONV prevention; however, there is no evidence of its efficacy in the Iranian population. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of oral ginger on PONV prevention after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed on women who were undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Imam Raza Hospital, Mashhad, Iran between April and November, 2016...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628844/dexmedetomidine-in-a-surgically-inserted-catheter-for-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-donor-hepatectomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#15
Mohamed Adel Aboelela, Al-Refaey Kandeel, Usama Elsayed, Mohamed Elmorshedi, Waleed Elsarraf, Eman Elsayed, Ahmed Elgawalby, Ahmed Mohamed Sultan, Mohamed Abdel Wahab, Amr Yassen
Background: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a promising technique for analgesia after abdominal surgery. This prospective, randomized controlled trial assessed the effect of adding dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine in TAP block for donor hepatectomy. We hypothesized that this would improve postoperative morphine consumption and reduce analgesia related complication and inflammation. Methods: A total of 50 donor hepatectomy were enrolled in this study. Patients divided into two equal groups according to drugs used for TAP block...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627131/treatment-of-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-by-a-multidisciplinary-team-a-review-of-literature-and-treatment-results
#16
Anthony Papp, Sheena Sikora, Morgan Evans, Diana Song, Mark Kirchhof, Monica Miliszewski, Jan Dutz
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) are mucocutaneous hypersensitivity reactions, usually to drugs or their metabolites. TEN is the most severe involving greater than 30% of the total body surface area (TBSA). Management of these patients usually benefits from a large multidisciplinary team for both wound and medical management. Treatment of these patients varies between centers and physicians and there is lack of a standardized treatment protocol in the medical literature...
April 4, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623417/peri-operative-oral-immunonutrition-in-malnourished-ovarian-cancer-patients-assessed-by-the-nutritional-risk-screening
#17
Linda Hertlein, Christine Zeder-Göß, Sophie Fürst, Daniela Bayer, Fabian Trillsch, Bastian Czogalla, Sven Mahner, Alexander Burges, Peter Rittler
OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study was to determine whether peri-operative immunonutrition can decrease complications and the length of stay (LOS) in malnourished ovarian cancer patients. STUDY DESIGN: Patients suspicious for advanced ovarian cancer before histopathological diagnosis and a nutritional risk score (NRS) ≥ 3 received oral immune-modulating diets (IMDs) for 5 days pre-operative and at least 5 days post-operative. Parameters for clinical outcome were infectious and non-infectious complications during hospital stay, and time of hospitalization...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623236/does-use-of-oral-anticoagulants-at-the-time-of-admission-affect-outcomes-following-hip-fracture
#18
Ariana Lott, Jack Haglin, Rebekah Belayneh, Sanjit R Konda, Philipp Leucht, Kenneth A Egol
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare hospital quality outcomes in patients over the age of 60 undergoing fixation of hip fracture based on their anticoagulation status. Materials and Methods: Patients aged 60 and older with isolated hip fracture injuries treated operatively at 1 academic medical center between October 2014 and September 2016 were analyzed. Patients on the following medications were included in the anticoagulation cohort: warfarin, clopidogrel, aspirin 325 mg, rivaroxaban, apixaban, dabigatran, and dipyridamole/aspirin...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619261/septic-pulmonary-emboli-and-renal-abscess-caused-by-staphylococcus-aureus-in-an-hiv-infected-patient
#19
Isaí Medina-Piñón, Alan Ledif Reyes-Mondragón, Michel Fernando Martínez-Reséndez, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz
Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of bacteremia in the general population and can lead to serious metastatic infection particularly in immunocompromised persons. However, prompt diagnosis and management can result in favorable outcomes. In the following case report, the clinical course of an HIV-infected man is presented; he developed bloodstream infection (BSI) and associated complications: septic pulmonary embolism, right renal abscess, and ipsilateral renal vein thrombosis. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was identified as the cause of sepsis and successfully treated with surgery and antimicrobials...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616339/major-hepatectomy-for-primary-hepatolithiasis-a-comparative-study-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-treatment
#20
Jian-Xin Peng, Ling-Zhi Wang, Jing-Fang Diao, Zhi-Jian Tan, Xiao-Sheng Zhong, Zhi-Peng Zhen, Gui-Hao Chen, Jun-Ming He
BACKGROUND: Due to higher technical requirements, laparoscopic major hepatectomy (LMH) for primary hepatolithiasis have been limited to a few institutions. This retrospective study was performed to evaluate the therapeutic safety, and perioperative and long-term outcomes of LMH versus open major hepatectomy (OMH) for hepatolithiasis. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2016, 61 patients with hepatolithiasis who underwent major hepatectomy were enrolled, including 29 LMH and 32 OMH...
April 3, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
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