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Innovation training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900293/combined-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-micro-fat-in-sport-and-race-horses-with-degenerative-joint-disease-preliminary-clinical-study-in-eight-horses
#1
Fabrizio Bembo, Julia Eraud, Cecile Philandrianos, Baptiste Bertrand, Alain Silvestre, Julie Veran, Florence Sabatier, Guy Magalon, Jeremy Magalon
BACKGROUND: To assess the safety and potential efficacy of a standardized technique consisting of intra-articular injection of 10 cc of a homogeneous mixed product using autologous micro-fat and platelet rich plasma (PRP) (ratio 1:1) in the carpus or the fetlock joint of sport horses presenting degenerative joint disease (DJD). METHODS: Eight sport horses with DJD confirmed by radiography and ultrasonography and causing lameness and the impossibility to compete were treated...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895830/development-of-a-subspecialty-cardiology-curriculum-for-paediatric-registrars-in-malawi-implementation-of-a-long-distance-hybrid-model
#2
Laura Newberry, Neil Kennedy, Elizabeth A Greene
BACKGROUND: Malawi has a high burden of paediatric cardiac disease but a limited number of health providers familiar with these chronic diseases. Given the rising number of Malawian postgraduate paediatric trainees at the University of Malawi College of Medicine, we sought to remedy this lack of basic cardiology training with a long-distance, module-based curriculum that could be utilised independently, as needed, with on-site teaching. We also wished to evaluate the initial modules for utility and improvement in knowledge and confidence in each topic...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895528/nurses-perceptions-of-a-pressure-ulcer-prevention-care-bundle-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#3
Shelley Roberts, Elizabeth McInnes, Marianne Wallis, Tracey Bucknall, Merrilyn Banks, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcer prevention is a critical patient safety indicator for acute care hospitals. An innovative pressure ulcer prevention care bundle targeting patient participation in their care was recently tested in a cluster randomised trial in eight Australian hospitals. Understanding nurses' perspectives of such an intervention is imperative when interpreting results and translating evidence into practice. As part of a process evaluation for the main trial, this study assessed nurses' perceptions of the usefulness and impact of a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle intervention on clinical practice...
2016: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895342/innovations-in-cardiovascular-care-historical-perspective-contemporary-practice-recent-trends-and-future-directions
#4
Hasanat Sharif, Mayera Tufail
Cardiovascular diseases continue to be a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the world population. First open heart procedure was performed by Gibbon in 1953, since then many advancements have been introduced to the field of cardiac surgery. Minimally invasive techniques were introduced, which include minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), off-pump technique, minimally invasive valve surgery or transcatheter techniques to implant stentless or sutureless valves. The hybrid strategy to address coronary disease combines catheterisation procedures with standard surgical techniques...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887835/link-practical-oriented-research-and-education-new-training-tools-for-a-sustainable-use-of-plant-protection-products
#5
G Sacchettini, M Calliera
In the Horizon 2020 work programme 2016-17 it is stated that in 2010, 71% of European farm managers were operating on the basis of practical experience only. Education levels greatly vary depending on country, farm managers' age and gender, or farm structures, and this can hamper innovation. Transition towards a more sustainable agriculture requires a renewal and strengthening of the technical skills of all the actors involved and - as a consequence - of the educational system. The EU Directive on the sustainable use of pesticides (EU, 128/2009/EC) requires European Member States to develop training activities targeting occupational exposure to pesticides...
November 22, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886971/the-feasibility-of-real-time-intraoperative-performance-assessment-with-simpl-system-for-improving-and-measuring-procedural-learning-early-experience-from-a-multi-institutional-trial
#6
REVIEW
Jordan D Bohnen, Brian C George, Reed G Williams, Mary C Schuller, Debra A DaRosa, Laura Torbeck, John T Mullen, Shari L Meyerson, Edward D Auyang, Jeffrey G Chipman, Jennifer N Choi, Michael A Choti, Eric D Endean, Eugene F Foley, Samuel P Mandell, Andreas H Meier, Douglas S Smink, Kyla P Terhune, Paul E Wise, Nathaniel J Soper, Joseph B Zwischenberger, Keith D Lillemoe, Gary L Dunnington, Jonathan P Fryer
PURPOSE: Intraoperative performance assessment of residents is of growing interest to trainees, faculty, and accreditors. Current approaches to collect such assessments are limited by low participation rates and long delays between procedure and evaluation. We deployed an innovative, smartphone-based tool, SIMPL (System for Improving and Measuring Procedural Learning), to make real-time intraoperative performance assessment feasible for every case in which surgical trainees participate, and hypothesized that SIMPL could be feasibly integrated into surgical training programs...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883941/smallholder-farmers-behavioural-intentions-towards-sustainable-agricultural-practices
#7
Woldegebrial Zeweld, Guido Van Huylenbroeck, Girmay Tesfay, Stijn Speelman
The introduction of sustainable practices is considered a win-win strategy for low-income countries because of its potential to simultaneously improve food security and address environmental issues. Despite the numerous studies that focus on the adoption of technological innovations, little work has been done on the socio-psychological behaviour of farmers with regard to sustainable practices. This study investigates smallholder farmers' intentions towards two practices: minimum tillage and row planting. The decomposed theory of planned behaviour is used as a theoretical framework to analyse the intentions...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873457/using-yeast-to-determine-the-functional-consequences-of-mutations-in-the-human-p53-tumor-suppressor-gene-an-introductory-course-based-undergraduate-research-experience-in-molecular-and-cell-biology
#8
Daria S Hekmat-Scafe, Sara E Brownell, Patricia Chandler Seawell, Shyamala Malladi, Jamie F Conklin Imam, Veena Singla, Nicole Bradon, Martha S Cyert, Tim Stearns
The opportunity to engage in scientific research is an important, but often neglected, component of undergraduate training in biology. We describe the curriculum for an innovative, course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) appropriate for a large, introductory cell and molecular biology laboratory class that leverages students' high level of interest in cancer. The course is highly collaborative and emphasizes the analysis and interpretation of original scientific data. During the course, students work in teams to characterize a collection of mutations in the human p53 tumor suppressor gene via expression and analysis in yeast...
November 22, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870531/evaluation-of-an-innovative-hands-on-anatomy-centered-ultrasound-curriculum-to-supplement-graduate-gross-anatomy-education
#9
Danielle F Royer, Ross Kessler, Jeffrey R Stowell
Ultrasound (US) can enhance anatomy education, yet is incorporated into few non-medical anatomy programs. This study is the first to evaluate the impact of US training in gross anatomy for non-medical students in the United States. All 32 master's students enrolled in gross anatomy with the anatomy-centered ultrasound (ACUS) curriculum were recruited. Mean Likert ratings on pre- and post-course surveys (100% response rates) were compared to evaluate the effectiveness of the ACUS curriculum in developing US confidence, and gauge its impact on views of US...
November 21, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867466/a-training-paradigm-to-enhance-performance-and-safe-use-of-an-innovative-neuroendovascular-device
#10
Donald R Ricci, Thomas R Marotta, Howard A Riina, Martina Wan, Joost De Vries
Training has been important to facilitate the safe use of new devices designed to repair vascular structures. This paper outlines the generic elements of a training program for vascular devices and uses as an example the actual training requirements for a novel device developed for the treatment of bifurcation intracranial aneurysms. Critical elements of the program include awareness of the clinical problem, technical features of device, case selection, and use of a simulator. Formal proctoring, evaluation of the training, and recording the clinical outcomes complement these elements...
2016: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866639/innovation-within-a-university-setting
#11
Elisabeth K Wynne, Thomas M Krummel
Elisabeth K. Wynne, MD, completed her undergraduate degree in bioengineering and is currently a surgical resident in training at the University of Washington. From 2014-2016, she served as a Biodesign Fellow at Stanford University. She plans to pursue a career of innovation as an academic surgeon. Thomas M. Krummel, MD, is the Emile Holman Professor and Chair Emeritus of the Department of Surgery at Stanford University School of Medicine. Throughout his career, Dr Krummel has been a pioneer and an innovator...
December 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863171/radiation-therapy-students-perceptions-of-their-learning-from-participation-in-communication-skills-training-an-innovative-approach
#12
Gay M Dungey, Hazel A Neser
INTRODUCTION: Communication skills training has been progressively integrated into the Bachelor of Radiation Therapy programme in New Zealand throughout the last 3 years. This innovative study aimed to explore students' perceptions of their learning from participation in communication skills workshops. The purpose was to expose students to a variety of common clinical situations that they could encounter as a student radiation therapist. METHODS: Common scenarios from the radiation therapy setting were developed, using trained actors as a standardised patient, staff member or member of the public...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859097/new-roles-for-medical-assistants-in-innovative-primary-care-practices
#13
Susan A Chapman, Lisel K Blash
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe new roles for medical assistants (MAs) in innovative care models that improve care while providing training and career advancement opportunities for MAs. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Primary data collected at 15 case study sites; 173 key informant interviews and de-identified secondary data on staffing, wages, patient satisfaction, and health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Researchers used snowball sampling and screening calls to identify 15 organizations using MAs in new roles...
November 10, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856009/redefining-ladd-s-path
#14
REVIEW
Mary E Fallat
Inspiration and innovation go hand in hand. Throughout history tragedies, including those personal and life altering, have inspired susceptible minds to find innovative ways to educate and tackle difficult problems. This address is first about origins. It weaves the story of how incredible individuals and events have shaped similar circumstances into not only our profession of pediatric surgery beginning with William E. Ladd, but also the emergency and trauma care system in this country. The address circles back to look at the past and future of our profession of pediatric surgery...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854266/using-technology-bioinformatics-and-health-informatics-approaches-to-improve-learning-experiences-in-optometry-education-research-and-practice
#15
REVIEW
Vivek K Gupta, Veer B Gupta
Rapid advances in ocular diagnostic approaches and emerging links of pathological changes in the eye with systemic disorders have widened the scope of optometry as the front line of eye health care. Expanding professional requirements stipulate that optometry students get a meticulous training in relevant information and communication technologies (ICT) and various bioinformatics and health informatics software to meet current and future challenges. Greater incorporation of ICT approaches in optometry education can facilitate increased student engagement in shared learning experiences and improve collaborative learning...
November 15, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852690/maternal-use-of-mild-analgesics-during-pregnancy-associated-with-reduced-anogenital-distance-in-sons-a-cohort-study-of-1027-mother-child-pairs
#16
Dorte Vesterholm Lind, Katharina M Main, Henriette Boye Kyhl, David Møbjerg Kristensen, Jorma Toppari, Helle Raun Andersen, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Niels E Skakkebæk, Tina Kold Jensen
STUDY QUESTION: Is maternal use of mild analgesics in pregnancy associated with anogenital distance (AGD)-the distance from the anus to the genitals-in the offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: Maternal use of mild analgesics [especially simultaneous use of paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)] during pregnancy was associated with a shorter AGD in boys whereas no effect was found in girls. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mild analgesics including paracetamol (acetaminophen) and NSAIDs (e...
November 16, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852291/shifting-human-resources-for-health-in-the-context-of-art-provision-qualitative-and-quantitative-findings-from-the-lablite-baseline-study
#17
Misheck J Nkhata, Margaret Muzambi, Deborah Ford, Adrienne K Chan, George Abongomera, Harriet Namata, Ivan Mambule, Annabelle South, Paul Revill, Caroline Grundy, Travor Mabugu, Levison Chiwaula, James Hakim, Cissy Kityo, Andrew Reid, Elly Katabira, Sumeet Sodhi, Charles F Gilks, Diana M Gibb, Janet Seeley, Fabian Cataldo
BACKGROUND: Lablite is an implementation project supporting and studying decentralized antiretroviral therapy (ART) rollout to rural communities in Malawi, Uganda and Zimbabwe. Task shifting is one of the strategies to deal with shortage of health care workers (HCWs) in ART provision. Evaluating Human Resources for Health (HRH) optimization is essential for ensuring access to ART. The Lablite project started with a baseline survey whose aim was to describe and compare national and intercountry delivery of ART services including training, use of laboratories and clinical care...
November 16, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850025/385-development-of-an-innovative-non-animal-training-model-for-pigtail-catheter-placement-in-infants
#18
Adrian Zurca, Angel Diaz-Sanchez, Lisa Mackley, David Rodgers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847967/women-physicians-in-byzantium
#19
Ioannis D Gkegkes, Christos Iavazzo, Thalia A Sardi, Matthew E Falagas
Women were allowed to practice the medical profession during the Byzantine Empire. The presence of female physicians was not an innovation of the Byzantine era but actually originated from ancient Greece and Rome. The studies and the training of women doctors were apparently equivalent to those of their male colleagues. The principal medical specialties of the female doctors were gynecology and midwifery. Byzantine legislation treated relatively equally both female and male doctors. For this reason, it can be assumed that the presence of female doctors was correlated with the position of women in Byzantine society...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844198/anesthesiology-resident-wellness-program-at-the-university-of-saskatchewan-curriculum-content-and-delivery
#20
Anita Chakravarti, Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Breanna Balaton
Resident and physician health are increasingly recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and its CanMEDS framework as integral to residency training in Canada. Resident stress, burnout, and depression also have implications for patient care. Although curricula have been advocated to promote resident wellness and resilience, no such published curricula exist to guide programs in addressing these needs. The purpose of this article is to describe the curriculum content and delivery of the Anesthesiology Residency Wellness Program (ARWP) at the University of Saskatchewan...
November 14, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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