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Vascular anomalies head

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769055/one-visceral-artery-may-be-enough-successful-pancreatectomy-in-a-patient-with-total-occlusion-of-the-celiac-and-superior-mesenteric-arteries
#1
Evangelos Tagkalos, Florian Jungmann, Hauke Lang, Stefan Heinrich
BACKGROUND: The anatomic variations of the visceral arteries are not uncommon. The liver arterial blood supply shows 50% variability between humans, with the most common anatomy being one hepatic artery arising from the celiac trunk and one pancreatico-duodenal arcade between the celiac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery. Occlusion of one artery are mostly asymptomatic but may become clinically relevant when surgery of the liver, bile duct or the pancreas is required. If these pathologies are not reversible, an oncologic pancreatic head resection cannot be performed...
May 16, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701412/functional-popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome
#2
Luis Gamas, João Rocha Neves, Luís Machado, Ricardo Ferreira, Pedro Paz Dias, José Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Popliteal artery entrapment is an uncommon syndrome, caused by extrinsic compression of the popliteal artery by muscular or tendinous structures. It occurs mainly in young individuals, with no atherosclerostic risk factors, and a mean age of presentation of 20 to 40 years, and has higher prevalence in males (83% of patients). Clinical presentation depends on the degree of arterial lesion, the most common being intermittent claudication, with critical ischemia being frequent...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616107/awareness-of-hepatic-arterial-variants-is-required-in-surgical-oncology-decision-making-strategy-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Robert Sitarz, Monika Berbecka, Jerzy Mielko, Karol Rawicz-Pruszyński, Grzegorz Staśkiewicz, Ryszard Maciejewski, Wojciech Polkowski
Surgery for the treatment of pancreatic cancer remains the gold standard, however, the identification of the vascular supply of the pancreas and the nearby organs remains a crucial difficulties in a curative resection. During pancreatic head resection for carcinoma dissection of regional arterial vasculature is mandatory. Normal coeliac and hepatic arterial anatomy occurs in ~50-70% of patients and multiple variations have been described. Knowledge of multiple arterial anomalies is essential in hepato-pancreatico-billary surgery to avoid unnecessary complications...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600422/balloon-and-coil-occlusion-of-a-superior-sagittal-sinus-cortical-vein-facilitates-percutaneous-supraorbital-venous-malformation-sclerotherapy
#4
Jacob J Bundy, Anthony N Hage, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Ravi N Srinivasa, Joseph J Gemmete
Venous malformations are the most common of all vascular anomalies. Venous malformations are treated using a multidisciplinary approach with sclerotherapy representing the primary treatment modality. While rare, sclerotherapy in the central nervous system carries the risk of venous thrombosis, non-target embolization, and venous infarction and hemorrhage. Options for controlling venous outflow when treating venous malformations in the head and neck are limited. This report details the use of balloon and coil occlusion of a superior sagittal sinus cortical vein to facilitate percutaneous sclerotherapy of a supraorbital venous malformation...
March 29, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582945/-spontaneous-parenchymal-intracranial-hemorrhage-a-diagnostic-challenge
#5
Ruth Eliahou, Auriel Eitan, Moshe Gomori, Jacob Sosna, Asaf Honig
Non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating event associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Patient age, hemorrhage location, number of foci, and underlying diseases are important clues to the etiology. Non-contrast head CT, given its availability and high sensitivity in detecting blood products, is frequently the first tool to readily detect ICH; however, different types of hemorrhages may share a common appearance on CT and the optimal therapeutic approach varies depending on etiology...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567792/prevalence-of-the-optic-disc-anomalies-in-the-adult-south-indian-population
#6
Shikha Talwar Bassi, Ronnie George, Swarnali Sen, Rashima Asokan, Vijaya Lingam
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of congenitally abnormal disc (all anomalies) in an adult population in southern India. METHODS: Subjects aged ≥40 years (n=6013) underwent a complete ophthalmic examination. Optic disc anomalies were diagnosed according to the definitions given in the article. RESULTS: Optic disc anomalies were found in 81 eyes of 66 (1.1%, 95% CIs 0.00834 to 0.01361) patients. The prevalence of each anomaly in the descending order was peripapillary myelinated nerve fibre (0...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485563/spontaneous-resolution-of-an-orbital-mass-after-delivery-a-diagnostic-challenge
#7
Zeynep Dadaci, Cengiz Kadiyoran, Mustafa Golen, Hilal Akay Cizmecioglu
The authors report a 35-year-old woman who presented 1 month after delivery with the complaint of pain behind her left eye which started during her pregnancy. The patient described increased fullness with dependent head position and pain on left gaze but she had no proptosis and her ocular examination was normal. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an intraconal mass with inhomogeneous contrast enhancement. As the authors did not suspect malignity and her ocular examination was normal without any signs of inflammation, the authors followed the patient closely...
May 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460529/systemic-and-topical-photodynamic-therapy-pdt-on-oral-mucosa-lesions-an-overview
#8
D Di Stasio, A Romano, C Gentile, C Maio, A Lucchese, R Serpico, R Paparella, G Minervini, V Candotto, L Laino
Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) is a minimally invasive treatment that has shown promising results in treating preneoplasticlesions. PDT reckons on the administration of a drug (photosensitizer), which can be used in a topical or systemic form. Photodynamic therapy has been successfully used in the management of a variety of pathologies from different anatomical sites, including the head, neck, brain and lungs, hepatobiliary tree and other gastrointestinal and urological pathologies, skin, gynaecological conditions and in vascular anomalies...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382987/vascular-anomalies-of-the-head-and-neck-region
#9
REVIEW
S C Nair
Vascular anomalies of the head and neck region are a complex group of lesions that challenge the head and neck physicians. From the very understanding of the difference between its two distinct forms, hemangiomas and vascular malformations to its management remain confusing. The review of this anomaly attempts at comprehensively understanding the disease. Vascular anomalies are easily diagnosed by their clinical presentation, but choice of imaging and management for this spectrum of lesions is varied. The author attempts to categorize the required imaging for the lesion with suggestions on the management of both hemangiomas and vascular malformations...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329829/effectiveness-and-safety-of-foam-sclerotherapy-with-5-ethanolamine-oleate-in-the-treatment-of-low-flow-venous-malformations-in-the-head-and-neck-region-a-case-series
#10
M C Ribeiro, S de Mattos Camargo Grossmann, M B F do Amaral, W H de Castro, T P Navarro, R J Procopio, T A da Silva, C de Nazaré Alves de Oliveira Kato, R A Mesquita
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of 5% ethanolamine oleate (EO) foam in the treatment of low-flow venous malformations in the head and neck region. Seventeen consecutive patients (six male, 11 female) and 34 low-flow venous malformations were enrolled. The vascular anomalies ranged between 20mm and 80mm in size. The typical clinical indication was a swelling (88.2%) with a purple colour (85.3%); the most frequent location was the tongue (23.5%). Ethanolamine oleate foam was produced via the Tessari method and applied at 10mg per 1cm to the vascular anomalies...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217055/outcome-measurement-for-vascular-malformations-of-the-head-and-neck
#11
REVIEW
Sophie E R Horbach, Amber P M Rongen, Teresa M O, Milton Waner, Chantal M A M van der Horst
Vascular malformations are congenital anomalies of the vascular and/or lymphatic system that affect the head and neck region. The most common treatment options are sclerotherapy, laser therapy, surgery, and embolization. Because vascular malformations are variable in type, size, extent, and location, it is a challenge to select methods for evaluation of treatment outcome. Without standardized outcome reporting, it is difficult to compare and combine scientific evidence to support therapeutic decision making...
February 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217054/classification-and-pathology-of-congenital-and-perinatal-vascular-anomalies-of-the-head-and-neck
#12
REVIEW
Paula E North
Accurate histopathologic description in correlation with clinical and radiological evaluation is required for treatment of vascular anomalies, both neoplastic and malformative. It is important to examine current clinical, histologic, and immunophenotypical features that distinguish the major types of congenital and perinatal vascular anomalies affecting the head and neck. General discussions of pathogenesis and molecular diagnosis must also be taken into account. This article provides an overview of the features that distinguish the major types of congenital and perinatal vascular anomalies affecting the head and neck, and summarizes the diagnostic histopathologic criteria and nomenclature currently applied to these lesions...
February 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171184/structural-malformations-of-the-brain-eye-and-pituitary-gland-in-phace-syndrome
#13
Jack E Steiner, Garrett N McCoy, Christopher P Hess, William B Dobyns, Denise W Metry, Beth A Drolet, Mohit Maheshwari, Dawn H Siegel
PHACE syndrome is the association of segmental facial hemangiomas with congenital arterial, brain, cardiac, and ocular anomalies. Structural brain malformations affect 41-52% of PHACE patients and can be associated with focal neurologic deficits, developmental delays, and/or intellectual disability. To better characterize the spectrum of structural brain and other intracranial anomalies in PHACE syndrome, MRI scans of the head/neck were retrospectively reviewed in 55 patients from the PHACE Syndrome International Clinical Registry and Genetic Repository...
January 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101995/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-tinnitus
#14
Marcus M Kessler, Marwan Moussa, Julie Bykowski, Claudia F E Kirsch, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, Asim F Choudhri, Terry D Fife, Isabelle M Germano, A Tuba Kendi, Jeffrey H Kim, Michael D Luttrull, Diego Nunez, Lubdha M Shah, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Sophia C Symko, Rebecca S Cornelius
Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of an external source. It is a common symptom that can be related to hearing loss and other benign causes. However, tinnitus may be disabling and can be the only symptom in a patient with a central nervous system process disorder. History and physical examination are crucial first steps to determine the need for imaging. CT and MRI are useful in the setting of pulsatile tinnitus to evaluate for an underlying vascular anomaly or abnormality. If there is concomitant asymmetric hearing loss, neurologic deficit, or head trauma, imaging should be guided by those respective ACR Appropriateness Criteria® documents, rather than the presence of tinnitus...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042740/arteriovenous-malformation-of-face
#15
Ashok Kumar, Meenu Mittal, Dhirendra Srivastava, Vipul Jaetli, Sunil Chaudhary
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare congenital vascular malformations accounting only 1.5% of all vascular anomalies with 50% occurrence in the oral and maxillofacial region. It usually results from birth defects of the vasculature. A literature search revealed only few case reports of AVMs in the facial region. Lack of meticulous diagnosis, scarcity of knowledge, and paucity of literature can result in their exsanguinations leading to fatal hemorrhagic incidents after various dental procedures such as tooth extraction, surgical intervention, puncture wound, or blunt injury in involved area...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969199/an-unusual-case-of-giant-arterio-venous-malformation-of-anterior-abdominal-wall
#16
P S Aravinda, Hirdaya Hulas Nag, Vithal Kumar M Betigeri, Puja Sakhuja, Ashok Sharma
Arterio-Venous Malformations (AVMs) are high flow vascular anomalies, commonly seen in head, neck and extremities. AVMs represent a direct connection between the arterial and the venous systems. They are congenital, often asymptomatic and rarely manifest before adolescence. Depending on the site, size and symptoms, treatment options varies from conservative management to surgical resection. Here, we report a case of 20-year-old male patient with long standing lump in the anterior abdominal wall with no typical clinical features of vascular lesions...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932041/hemangiolymphangioma-of-buccal-mucosa-a-rare-case-report
#17
Selvamani Manickam, Prem Sasikumar, B Nanda Kishore, Sheethal Joy
Vascular anomalies are mainly classified under two headings, i.e. under vascular tumors and vascular malformations. Hemangioma and lymphangioma are examples for such a vascular anomalies. Malformations may be seen in different combinations of vascular elements, and histologically these vessels may be filled with blood and named lymphangiohemangioma or hemangiolymphangioma according to the dominant tissue structure present. It is a rare developmental anomaly. This paper reports a case of lymphangiohemangioma in a 21-year-old female patient...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838837/osteomyocutaneous-fibular-flap-harvesting-computer-assisted-planning-of-perforator-vessels-using-computed-tomographic-angiography-scan-and-cutting-guide
#18
Salvatore Battaglia, Vincenzo Maiolo, Gabriella Savastio, Maurizio Zompatori, Federico Contedini, Elisa Antoniazzi, Riccardo Cipriani, Claudio Marchetti, Achille Tarsitano
INTRODUCTION: Mandibular reconstruction performed after virtual planning has become more common during recent years. The gold standard for extensive mandibular reconstruction is of course a fibular free flap. In designing an osteomyocutaneous fibula flap, poor planning, aberrant anatomy and/or inadequate perforator vessels are the most frequent causes of complications and may force the surgeon to modify the flap design, explore the contralateral leg or harvest an additional microvascular flap...
October 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834841/lymphatic-malformation-architecture-implications-for-treatment-with-ok-432
#19
Claudia C Malic, Regan Guilfoyle, Rebecca J M Courtemanche, Jugpal S Arneja, Manraj K S Heran, Douglas J Courtemanche
PURPOSE: Herein, the authors aim to describe their findings of novel architectural types of lymphatic malformations (LM) and explain the relationship between these architectures and OK-432 treatment outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all patients diagnosed with a LM treated with OK-432 at the Vascular Anomalies Clinic at BC Children's Hospital from December 2002 to January 2012. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients were included in the study...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658746/a-unique-triad-of-muscular-vascular-and-nervous-variations-in-upper-limb
#20
Dharmaraj Wamanrao Tamgire, Yogesh Ashok Sontakke, Sssn Rajasekhar, Karuppusamy Aravindhan
Multiple muscular and neurovascular anomalies in upper limb are reported continuously in medical literature because of their clinical significance. A unique case of the triad of variations was encountered during routine dissection activity. The variations observed were: 1) Accessory third head of biceps brachii; 2) High division of Brachial Artery; 3) Communication between Musculocutaneous Nerve and Median Nerve. Taken independently these variations are common but it is rare in a single cadaver. These abnormalities were found unilaterally on the right arm of the cadaver...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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