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Cervical cancer metastatic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908530/does-para-aortic-irradiation-reduce-the-risk-of-distant-metastasis-in-advanced-cervical-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#1
Lucas Gomes Sapienza, Maria José Leite Gomes, Vinicius Fernando Calsavara, Mario M Leitao, Glauco Baiocchi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of the extension of the radiotherapy field cranially toward para-aortic lymph nodes (EF-RT) in advanced cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of databases (PubMed, CENTRAL, Clinical Trials) was performed and included studies that were published between 1960 and November 2015 without language restrictions. All randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were analyzed further. All patients must have undergone pelvic radiotherapy and the same systemic therapy in both arms...
November 28, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902986/the-presence-of-hpv-dna-in-neck-lymph-node-metastasis-correlates-with-improved-overall-survival-of-patients-with-oropharyngeal-cancer-undergoing-surgical-treatment
#2
Eiji Shimura, Takanori Hama, Toshihito Suda, Masahiro Ikegami, Mitsuyoshi Urashima, Hiromi Kojima
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed how human papilloma virus (HPV) infection in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) affects the outcome of surgical therapy; furthermore, the relationship between the presence of HPV DNA and neck lymph node (LN) metastasis has not been well established. METHODS: A total of 65 patients who underwent surgery as a first-line therapy for OPSCC were enrolled in this study. In HPV-positive patients, the presence of HPV DNA in metastatic neck LN lesions was evaluated...
December 1, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895918/classical-and-non-classical-hla-class-i-aberrations-in-primary-cervical-squamous-and-adenocarcinomas-and-paired-lymph-node-metastases
#3
Debbie M Ferns, A Marijne Heeren, Sanne Samuels, Maaike C G Bleeker, Tanja D de Gruijl, Gemma G Kenter, Ekaterina S Jordanova
BACKGROUND: Tumors avoid destruction by cytotoxic T cells (CTL) and natural killer (NK) cells by downregulation of classical human leukocyte antigens (HLA) and overexpression of non-classical HLA. This is the first study to investigate HLA expression in relation to histology (squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) vs. adenocarcinoma (AC)), clinicopathological parameters and survival in a large cervical cancer patient cohort. METHODS: Classical (HLA-A and HLA-B/C)- and non-classical HLA molecules (HLA-E and HLA-G) were studied on primary tumors and paired lymph node (LN) metastases from cervical cancer patients (n = 136) by immunohistochemistry...
2016: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895779/potential-impact-of-mtor-inhibitors-on-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review
#4
Daniele Xavier Assad, Silvia Taveira Elias, Andréia Cristina Melo, Carlos Gil Ferreira, Graziela De Luca Canto, Eliete Neves Silva Guerra
The aim of the present systematic review was to analyze the potential impact of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors on the treatment of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC). A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, PMC, Scopus, Cochrane Library, LILACS, Web of Science, Google Scholar and ScienceDirect on January 19, 2015, without time and language restrictions. Studies that evaluated women of any age with CSCC and who received mTOR inhibitors alone or in association with other treatments were considered...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882757/-contribution-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-to-treatment-of-locally-advanced-stages-of-cervical-cancers
#5
J Sláma, M Zikán, D Fischerová, R Kocián, A Germanová, F Frühauf, D Cibula
OBJECTIVE: Usage of sentinel lymph-node (SLN) concept in locally advanced cervical cancers might help to individualise management. According to SLN status could be patients refered to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with subsequent surgery or to primary chemoradiation. The aim of our study was to evaluate sensitivity of SLN detection in locally advanced cervical cancers and to assess the impact of NAC on frequency of their metastatic involvement. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882055/determinants-of-patient-delay-in-seeking-diagnosis-and-treatment-among-moroccan-women-with-cervical-cancer
#6
Fatima Ouasmani, Zaki Hanchi, Bouchra Haddou Rahou, Rachid Bekkali, Samir Ahid, Abdelhalem Mesfioui
Introduction. This study sought to investigate potential determinants of patient delay among Moroccan women with cervical cancer. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2014 to June 2015 at the National Institute of Oncology in Rabat. Data were collected using questionnaire among patients with cervical cancer locally advanced or metastatic (stages IIA-IVB). Medical records were abstracted to complete clinical information. An interval longer than 90 days between discovery of initial symptoms and presentation to a provider was defined as a patient delay...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872541/splenic-metastasis-from-cancer-of-uterine-cervix-a-rare-case
#7
Jagannath Dixit, Noor Mohammed, Preethi Shetty
Cancer of uterine cervix is one of the most common malignancies in women. Metastatic recurrence of cervical cancer in spleen is rare, mostly seen in autopsies. Splenic metastasis from cervical cancer in a living patient without disseminated metastases is rarer. Here, we present the case of a lady aged 46 years with cervical cancer-squamous cell carcinoma-who had undergone radical hysterectomy and postoperative 50 Gy of intensity modulated radiation therapy in 25 fractions and 50 mg of weekly cisplatin for 6 weeks...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868413/-progress-on-clinical-application-of-bevacizumab-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-cervical-cancer
#8
Bin He, Yanlan Chai, Tao Wang, Zhenxing Zhou, Zi Liu
Bevacizumab is increasingly used in recurrent, persistent or metastatic cervical cancer. The early retrospective case reports found that bevacizumab combined with 5-FU (including capecitabine) or paclitaxel was well tolerated and displayed encouraging anti-tumor activity in recurrent or persistent cervical cancer. Phase Ⅱ clinical trials showed that bevacizumab was well tolerated and active in the second- and third-line treatment of patients with recurrent cervical cancer. Large scale phase Ⅱ and phase Ⅲ clinical trials demonstrated that bevacizumab-containing chemotherapy was effective in the first- and second-line treatment of patients with persistent cervical cancer, prolonged survival time and improved remission rate...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867869/thyroid-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-and-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#9
Rajab AlZahrani, Mohammed Algarni, Hadi Alhakami, Haia AlSubayea, Naif Alfattani, Mohammet Guler, Mohamed Satti
A 27-year-old female, married with two children, presented to our clinic with a 1-year history of thyroid swelling and pressure symptoms on lying backward and bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy. The patient was a known case of panhypopituitarism for 5 years. Comprehensive patient evaluation including FNAC with papillary thyroid cancer result then she underwent total thyroidectomy and bilateral neck dissection and final histologic examination confirmed papillary thyroid carcinoma in the background of lymphocytic thyroiditis, associated with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH)...
October 2016: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857930/neural-axis-metastasis-from-metachronous-pulmonary-basaloid-carcinoma-developed-after-chemotherapy-radiation-therapy-of-uterine-cervical-carcinoma
#10
Myeong Jin Oh, Je Hoon Jeong, Soo Bin Im, Jeong Ja Kwak, Kye-Hyun Nam
Multiple primary or secondary malignancies after anticancer therapy were recently reported to be increasing in frequency. The authors describe a case of metachronous metastatic pulmonary basaloid carcinoma to the central nervous system that was discovered after chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cervical uterine carcinoma. Two different types of cancer developed within some interval. There's the possibility that a secondary pulmonary neoplasm developed after the chemotherapy and radiotherapy conducted as cervical cancer treatment...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845045/o-linked-n-acetylglucosamine-transferase-is-associated-with-metastatic-spread-of-human-papillomavirus-e6-and-e7-oncoproteins-to-the-lungs-of-mice
#11
Sung Hwan Kim, Yoon Sook Kim, Mee Young Choi, Minjun Kim, Jun Ho Yang, Hyun Oh Park, In Seok Jang, Sung Ho Moon, Hyun Ok Kim, Dae Hyun Song, Dong Hoon Lee, Gu Seob Roh, Hyun Joon Kim, Sang Soo Kang, Gyeong Jae Cho, Jun Young Choi, Wan Sung Choi
High-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) 16/18 infections are often found in lung cancer. The cellular mechanisms involved in the metastatic spread of HPV-infected cervical cancer cells remain largely elusive. High O-linked-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification has also been observed in lung cancer. In the present study, we assessed the relationship between O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and HPV 16/18 E6/E7, or C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), in HeLa cells and in lungs of xenografted mice. Depleting OGT with an OGT-specific shRNA significantly decreased levels of E6 and E7 oncoproteins in HeLa cells and xenograft tumors, and reduced tumor formation in vivo...
November 11, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843810/braf-v600e-mutation-has-it-a-role-in-cervical-lymph-node-metastasis-of-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#12
Neslihan Kurtulmus, Burak Ertas, Yesim Saglican, Hakan Kaya, Umit Ince, Mete Duren
BACKGROUND: The BRAF(V600E) mutation is common in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Lymph node metastasis (LNM) may be associated with poor prognosis. However, the LNM mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of the BRAF(V600E) mutation in primary tumors and accompanying LNM at the time of diagnosis. METHODS: This retrospective study included 51 PTC patients (40 women, 11 men; mean age 40.0 ± 16.5 years; range 6-81) who underwent total thyroidectomy accompanied by a lateral neck dissection due to preoperatively detected LNM...
September 2016: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824966/update-of-the-role-of-pet-ct-and-pet-mri-in-the-management-of-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#13
Benjapa Khiewvan, Drew A Torigian, Sahra Emamzadehfard, Koosha Paydary, Ali Salavati, Sina Houshmand, Sara Pourhassan Shamchi, Thomas J Werner, Aysel Aydin, Shambo Guha Roy, Abass Alavi, Rakesh Kumar
In cervical cancer (CC), fluorine18-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has been proven to be beneficial for patient management. Positron emission tomography/CT is useful in pretreatment evaluation due to the ability to evaluate disease extent and to assess regional lymph nodes as well as distant sites for metastases. Positron emission tomography/CT has an impact on treatment planning as well as it is incorporated in radiation therapy planning, resulting in more appropriate and effective treatment with less cost and radiation dose to normal tissues...
November 8, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803576/continuous-cervical-epidural-analgesia-in-metastatic-spinal-cord-compression
#14
Mahesh Menon, Nafisa Taha, Navita Purohit, Vatsal Kothari, Shweta Singh
Metastatic spinal cord compression is a devastating complication of cancer. Patients may often require high doses of opioids that may cause side effects, myoclonus being one such. A 63-year-old male suffering from malignant spinal cord compression was admitted to our institution. The primary team managed him conservatively with pharmacotherapy with no relief of pain, and he experienced myoclonus and sedation as adverse effects. A continuous cervical epidural catheter with local anesthetic infusion was inserted for 5 days to control his pain...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803033/a-single-arm-study-evaluating-bevacizumab-cisplatin-and-paclitaxel-followed-by-single-agent-bevacizumab-in-japanese-patients-with-advanced-cervical-cancer
#15
Toru Sugiyama, Mika Mizuno, Yoichi Aoki, Manabu Sakurai, Tadaaki Nishikawa, Eisuke Ueda, Kosei Tajima, Nobuhiro Takeshima
BACKGROUND: Adding bevacizumab to chemotherapy for recurrent, persistent or metastatic cervical cancer significantly improved overall survival (primary endpoint), progression-free survival and overall response rate in the randomized Phase III GOG-0240 trial. However, data for bevacizumab-containing therapy are scarce in Japanese patients with advanced cervical cancer. METHODS: The primary objective of the single-arm multicenter Phase II JO29569 study was to evaluate the tolerability of paclitaxel (135 mg/m(2) over 24 h or 175 mg/m(2) over 3 h), cisplatin (50 mg/m(2)) and bevacizumab (15 mg/kg), administered every 3 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity in Japanese patients with stage IVB, persistent or recurrent cervical cancer...
October 7, 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800076/-the-contribution-of-mri-in-the-management-of-slowly-progressive-nontraumatic-spinal-cord-compression
#16
Nfally Badji, Hamidou Deme, Geraud Akpo, Boucar Ndong, Mouhamadou Hamine Toure, Sokhna Ba Diop, El Hadji Niang
Slow spinal cord compressions are due to the development of an expansive lesion within the medullary canal. This is a very common condition whose diagnosis is primarily clinical. The magnetic resonance imaging occupies a central and currently irreplaceable position in diagnosis and localization as well as in etiological research. Etiology of cancer is predominant in Europe. This study aims to describe the MRI features of slow spinal cord compressions and to determine its etiologic profile. This is a retrospective study of 97 cases whose data were collected at the Department of Radiology, National University Hospital Centre (CHUN) of Fann, over a period of 30 months (from March 8, 2010 to September 29 2012)...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799225/metastatic-prostate-adenocarcinoma-presenting-as-a-large-right-supraclavicular-and-anterior-chest-wall-mass
#17
Ku Hung Hsieh, Grace Tan Hwei Ching, Angela Chong Phek Yoon, Melissa Teo
Left-sided cervical lymphadenopathy as first presentation of metastatic prostate carcinoma is not a novel observation. Here, we discuss a case of metastatic prostate primary carcinoma with an initial presentation of a right supraclavicular mass with extension into the anterior chest wall, which on radiological investigation was suggestive of a sarcomatous tumour; however, was confirmed to be pervasive metastatic prostatic adenocarcinoma. This is the second case in literature, which reports a prostatic primary cancer presenting as a right-sided supraclavicular and anterior chest wall mass...
October 31, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793172/tripartite-motif-containing-62-is-a-novel-prognostic-marker-and-suppresses-tumor-metastasis-via-c-jun-slug-signaling-mediated-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-cervical-cancer
#18
Tian-Yu Liu, Jian Chen, Chun-Liang Shang, Hong-Wei Shen, Jia-Ming Huang, Yan-Chun Liang, Wei Wang, Yun-He Zhao, Duo Liu, Man Shu, Lu-Yan Guo, Zheng Hu, Shu-Zhong Yao
BACKGROUND: TRIM62 (tripartite motif containing 62) has been found to act as a tumor suppressor of several cancers. However, its precise biological role and related mechanism remain unknown in cervical cancer (CC). METHODS: Quantitative Real-time PCR and western blot were adopted to detect the mRNA and protein expression level of TRIM62 in both human CC cell lines and tissues. Immunohistochemistry was used to measure the TRIM62 expression in 30 normal cervical and 189 CC tissues...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770838/thyroid-gland-metastasis-from-cancer-of-the-uterine-cervix-an-extremely-rare-case-report
#19
Suleyman Utku Celik, Dilara Besli, Serpil Dizbay Sak, Volkan Genc
The thyroid gland is a relatively uncommon site for a metastatic disease, although it is richly supplied with blood. The metastases may originate from various primary sites, mainly kidney, lung, head and neck, and breast. Thyroid metastasis from cervical carcinomas is extremely rare; and only a few cases have been previously reported in the literature. In patient with thyroid nodules and an oncological history, the possibility of thyroid metastasis should be seriously considered. Despite the rarity of the metastasis of cervical carcinoma to the thyroid, it is difficult to say appropriate treatment approach for these lesions...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765934/patient-derived-mouse-models-of-cancer-need-to-be-orthotopic-in-order-to-evaluate-targeted-anti-metastatic-therapy
#20
Yukihiko Hiroshima, Ali Maawy, Yong Zhang, Nan Zhang, Takashi Murakami, Takashi Chishima, Kuniya Tanaka, Yasushi Ichikawa, Michael Bouvet, Itaru Endo, Robert M Hoffman
Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) mouse models of cancer are emerging as an important component of personalized precision cancer therapy. However, most models currently offered to patients contain their tumors subcutaneously-transplanted in immunodeficient mice, which rarely metastasize. In contrast, orthotopic-transplant patient-derived models, termed patient-derived orthotopic xenografts (PDOX), usually metastasize as in the patient. We have demonstrated in the present report why orthotopic models are so important for the patient, since primary and metastatic tumors developed in an orthotopic model can have differential chemosensitivity, not detectable in standard subcutaneous tumor models...
September 28, 2016: Oncotarget
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