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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809608/treatment-of-patients-with-metastatic-cancer-using-a-major-histocompatibility-complex-class-ii-restricted-t-cell-receptor-targeting-the-cancer-germline-antigen-mage-a3
#1
Yong-Chen Lu, Linda L Parker, Tangying Lu, Zhili Zheng, Mary Ann Toomey, Donald E White, Xin Yao, Yong F Li, Paul F Robbins, Steven A Feldman, Pierre van der Bruggen, Christopher A Klebanoff, Stephanie L Goff, Richard M Sherry, Udai S Kammula, James C Yang, Steven A Rosenberg
Purpose Adoptive transfer of genetically modified T cells is being explored as a treatment for patients with metastatic cancer. Most current strategies use genes that encode major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-restricted T-cell receptors (TCRs) or chimeric antigen receptors to genetically modify CD8(+) T cells or bulk T cells for treatment. Here, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of an adoptive CD4(+) T-cell therapy using an MHC class II-restricted, HLA-DPB1*0401-restricted TCR that recognized the cancer germline antigen, MAGE-A3 (melanoma-associated antigen-A3)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808931/robotic-total-pelvic-exenteration-video-illustrated-technique
#2
Ioannis T Konstantinidis, William Chu, Federico Tozzi, Clayton Lau, Mark Wakabayashi, Kevin Chan, Byrne Lee
BACKGROUND: Robotic-assisted total pelvic exenteration (TPE) can offer a minimally invasive approach to a major multi-organ operation. METHODS: In this video, we summarize a stepwise approach to robotic TPE in a 70 year-old female Jehovah's witness with a history of cervical cancer post-chemoradiation and radical hysterectomy who experienced local recurrence at the vaginal cuff involving the rectum and bladder. RESULTS: The patient was placed in the lithotomy position...
August 14, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807450/role-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-the-pre-operative-diagnosis-of-cervical-lymph-node-metastasis-in-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#3
Yu-Rong Hong, Zhi-Yan Luo, Guo-Qiang Mo, Ping Wang, Qin Ye, Pin-Tong Huang
The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in differentiating between benign and metastatic cervical lymph nodes in patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Three hundred nineteen cervical lymph nodes (162 metastatic from PTC and 157 benign) were evaluated using conventional ultrasonography (US) and CEUS before biopsy or surgery. Metastatic lymph nodes more often manifested centripetal or asynchronous perfusion, hyper-enhancement, heterogeneous enhancement, perfusion defects and ring-enhancing margins than benign lymph nodes at pre-operative CEUS (all p values < 0...
August 11, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795532/a-combination-of-anti-pd-l1-mab-plus-lm-llo-e6-vaccine-efficiently-suppresses-tumor-growth-and-metastasis-in-hpv-infected-cancers
#4
Po-Lin Lin, Ya-Min Cheng, De-Wei Wu, Yu-Ju Huang, Hun-Chi Lin, Chih-Yi Chen, Huei Lee
PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy is viewed as having clinical benefits in advanced cancers but is effective in only a few patients, suggesting that an efficient combination approach is needed to improve efficacy. Immunohistochemistry analysis indicated that PD-L1 expression was correlated with the E6 expression in tumors from 122 lung cancer patients. The poorest survival occurred in PD-L1-positive/E6-positive tumor. PD-L1 expression was increased by the expression of E6, but not the E7, oncoprotein in lung and cervical cancer cells...
August 9, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780248/invasive-follicular-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-cancer-harboring-the-nras-mutation-q61k-and-presenting-with-bone-metastasis-a-case-report
#5
Raman Mehrzad, Michiya Nishino, Carmelo Nucera, Dora Dias-Santagata, James V Hennessey, Per-Olof Hasselgren
INTRODUCTION: The follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer (FVPTC) can be noninvasive or invasive. The invasive form of FVPTC commonly harbors BRAF mutations whereas RAS mutations are more often associated with noninvasive FVPTC and a favorable clinical outcome. CASE REPORT: A 47-year-old man presented with a metastasis to his right iliac bone as the initial manifestation of a 1.6cm invasive FVPTC. After total thyroidectomy, the patient underwent additional treatment, including thyroid hormone suppressive treatment to non-detectable TSH levels, repeated courses of radioiodine treatment, external beam radiation, and treatment with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor sorafenib...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768676/role-of-metastasectomy-and-chemotherapy-in-carcinoma-of-uterine-cervix
#6
Nasir Ali, Muhammad Atif Mansha, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi
Squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix is potentially a curable disease; however, many patients treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy develop distant metastases, with few of them having a single metastatic deposit. There are no guidelines for the treatment of patients with oligometastatic cervical cancer.We present a case of a patient with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Stage IIB squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix. She was successfully treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy with definitive intent...
August 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756902/bevacizumab-for-advanced-cervical-cancer-final-overall-survival-and-adverse-event-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-open-label-phase-3-trial-gynecologic-oncology-group-240
#7
Krishnansu S Tewari, Michael W Sill, Richard T Penson, Helen Huang, Lois M Ramondetta, Lisa M Landrum, Ana Oaknin, Thomas J Reid, Mario M Leitao, Helen E Michael, Philip J DiSaia, Larry J Copeland, William T Creasman, Frederick B Stehman, Mark F Brady, Robert A Burger, J Tate Thigpen, Michael J Birrer, Steven E Waggoner, David H Moore, Katherine Y Look, Wui-Jin Koh, Bradley J Monk
BACKGROUND: On Aug 14, 2014, the US Food and Drug Administration approved the antiangiogenesis drug bevacizumab for women with advanced cervical cancer on the basis of improved overall survival (OS) after the second interim analysis (in 2012) of 271 deaths in the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) 240 trial. In this study, we report the prespecified final analysis of the primary objectives, OS and adverse events. METHODS: In this randomised, controlled, open-label, phase 3 trial, we recruited patients with metastatic, persistent, or recurrent cervical carcinoma from 81 centres in the USA, Canada, and Spain...
July 27, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751118/description-of-a-reproducible-anatomically-based-surgical-algorithm-for-detection-of-pelvic-sentinel-lymph-nodes-in-endometrial-cancer
#8
Jan Persson, Barbara Geppert, Céline Lönnerfors, Michele Bollino, Anna Måsbäck
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate a reproducible, anatomically based surgical algorithm, including reinjection of tracer to enhance technical success rate, for detection of pelvic sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) in endometrial cancer (EC). METHODS: A prospective study of 102 consecutive women with high risk EC scheduled for robotic surgery was conducted. Following cervical injection of a fluorescent dye, an algorithm for trans- and retroperitoneal identification of tracer display in the lower and upper paracervical pathways was strictly adhered to...
July 24, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739728/ezrin-radixin-moesin-binding-phosphoprotein-50-ebp50-suppresses-the-metastasis-of-breast-cancer-and-hela-cells-by-inhibiting-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-activity
#9
Lei Wang, Yijun Qi, Ying Xiong, Zhiqiang Peng, Qiang Ma, Yue Zhang, Jian Song, Junfang Zheng
BACKGROUND: Expression of ezrin-radixin-moesin-binding phosphoprotein-50 (EBP50) is correlated with human breast and cervical cancer development, but its effects on the metastasis of breast and cervical cancer and the underlying mechanism are not fully understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, EBP50 was overexpressed in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer and HeLa cervical cancer cells; moreover, EBP50 was knocked-down in MCF-7 breast cancer cells and HeLa cells. Metastasis-related ability and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity of these cells were investigated...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725449/therapeutic-options-for-treatment-of-human-papillomavirus-associated-cancers-novel-immunologic-vaccines-adxs11-001
#10
REVIEW
Brett Miles, Howard P Safran, Bradley J Monk
Survival of patients with advanced, recurrent, or metastatic human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancer is suboptimal despite the availability of various treatment modalities. The recently developed bacterial vector Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) activates innate and adaptive immune responses and is expected to offer immunologic advantages. Axalimogene filolisbac (AXAL or ADXS11-001) is a novel immunotherapeutic based on the live, irreversibly attenuated Lm fused to the nonhemolytic fragment of listeriolysin O (Lm-LLO) and secretes the Lm-LLO-HPV E7 fusion protein targeting HPV-positive tumors...
2017: Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725433/macrophage-type-2-differentiation-in-a-patient-with-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-metastatic-prostate-adenocarcinoma-to-the-cervical-lymph-nodes
#11
Michael C Topf, Madalina Tuluc, Larry A Harshyne, Adam Luginbuhl
BACKGROUND: The tumor microenvironment often polarizes infiltrating macrophages towards a type 2, or M2 phenotype, that is characterized by expression of various cysteine-rich, scavenger receptors, including CD163. The primary function of M2 macrophages is to facilitate wound healing. As such, they are capable of providing metabolic support to a growing tumor, neovascularization, as well as protection from cytotoxic T cells. The tumor microenvironment contains a milieu of secreted factors and vesicles, which in certain circumstances can gain access to lymphatic vessels that drain to local lymph nodes...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721896/prognostic-importance-of-the-site-of-recurrence-in-patients-with-metastatic-recurrent-cervical-cancer
#12
Tae Hun Kim, Moon-Hong Kim, Beob-Jong Kim, Sang-Il Park, Sang-Young Ryu, Chul-Koo Cho
PURPOSE: The clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with metastatic recurrent cervical cancer remain poorly understood. The goals of the present study were to investigate the survival outcomes according to the recurrence site in a large cohort of cervical cancer patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Of 1322 patients with primary cervical cancer from 2000 to 2013, 205 with recurrence after primary or adjuvant postoperative radiation were enrolled retrospectively...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720059/cervical-cancer-cell-derived-angiopoietins-promote-tumor-progression
#13
Ping Yang, Na Chen, Dongyun Yang, Janet Crane, Bangxing Huang, Ruiqing Dong, Xiaoqing Yi, Jing Guo, Jing Cai, Zehua Wang
Metastatic or recurrent cervical cancer has limited treatment options and a high rate of mortality. Although anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs have shown great promise as a therapeutic target for treatment of advanced cervical cancer, drug resistance and class-specific side effects negate long-term benefits. The identification of alternative anti-angiogenic factors will be critical for future drug development for advanced or recurrent cervical cancer. In this study, we found that angiopoietins and Tie receptors were highly expressed in cervical cancer cells...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717287/cervical-metastases-behavior-of-t1-2-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tongue
#14
K Sagheb, V Kumar, R Rahimi-Nedjat, M Dollhausen, T Ziebart, B Al-Nawas, C Walter
INTRODUCTION: The cervical lymph node metastasis (CM) is one of the most important prognostic factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma. Although the frequency and distribution of CM for tongue carcinoma (TC) are well documented in the literature, there is only little data on metastasis patterns depending on the location of the cancer within the tongue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study all patients with a T1-T2 TC who were treated between 1997 and 2013 were analysed regarding epidemiological data, risk factors, and tumour parameters such as exact localization, CM...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716308/unexpected-locations-of-sentinel-lymph-nodes-in-endometrial-cancer
#15
Jeffrey How, Irina Boldeanu, Susie Lau, Shannon Salvador, Emily How, Raphael Gotlieb, Jeremie Abitbol, Ajay Halder, Zainab Amajoud, Stephan Probst, Sonya Brin, Walter Gotlieb
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the anatomical location of sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) following intra-operative cervical injection in endometrial cancer. METHODS: All consecutive patients with endometrial cancer undergoing sentinel lymph node mapping were included in this prospective study following intra-operative cervical injection of tracers. Areas of SLN detection distribution were mapped. RESULTS: Among 436 patients undergoing SLN mapping, there were 1095 SLNs removed, and 7...
July 14, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716144/macrophage-type-2-differentiation-in-a-patient-with-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-metastatic-prostate-adenocarcinoma-to-the-cervical-lymph-nodes
#16
Michael C Topf, Madalina Tuluc, Larry A Harshyne, Adam Luginbuhl
BACKGROUND: The tumor microenvironment often polarizes infiltrating macrophages towards a type 2, or M2 phenotype, that is characterized by expression of various cysteine-rich, scavenger receptors, including CD163. The primary function of M2 macrophages is to facilitate wound healing. As such, they are capable of providing metabolic support to a growing tumor, neovascularization, as well as protection from cytotoxic T cells. The tumor microenvironment contains a milieu of secreted factors and vesicles, which in certain circumstances can gain access to lymphatic vessels that drain to local lymph nodes...
July 18, 2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712115/expression-of-interferon-regulatory-factor-7-correlates-with-the-expression-of-epstein-barr-virus-latent-membrane-protein-1-and-cervical-lymph-node-metastasis-in-nasopharyngeal-cancer
#17
Satoru Kondo, Kazuhira Endo, Naohiro Wakisaka, Mitsuharu Aga, Makoto Kano, Noriko Seishima, Tomoko Imoto, Eiji Kobayashi, Makiko Moriyama-Kita, Yosuke Nakanishi, Shigeyuki Murono, Joseph S Pagano, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
Interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) has oncogenic properties in several malignancies such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoma. However, there is no evidence whether IRF7 is associated with the oncogenesis of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC), the pathogenesis of which is closely associated with EBV. Herein, we report that expression of IRF7 was increased in normal nasopharyngeal cells that expressed the EBV principal oncoprotein, latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1). In addition, IRF7 was mainly expressed in the nucleus in both normal nasopharyngeal cells and nasopharyngeal cancer cells that expresses LMP1...
July 16, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709052/colon-cancer-metastasis-to-the-thyroid-gland-a-case-report
#18
M I Coelho, M N Albano, C E Costa Almeida, L S Reis, N Moreira, C M C Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid metastases from colorectal cancer are uncommon and few cases are described in literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old female patient presented with an asymptomatic right cervical nodule with a rapid growth six years after sigmoidectomy for cancer and two years after resection of colorectal lung metastases. Increased CA 19.9 was identified and a thoracoabdominal CT scan revealed the onset of new metastatic bilateral pulmonary lesions. Neck ultrasonography showed a suspicious nodule in the right thyroid lobe, and Fine-needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) of the nodule lead to the diagnosis of colorectal cancer metastasis...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708785/y-box-binding-protein-1-promotes-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-invasion-and-metastasis-of-cervical-cancer-via-enhancing-the-expressions-of-snail
#19
Tianyun Pang, Min Li, Ye Zhang, Weiwei Yong, Haixian Kang, Yunhong Yao, Xinrong Hu
OBJECTIVE: Y box-binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a potent oncogenic protein. How it regulates Snail in most tumors including cervical cancer is unknown. This article is to study if YB-1 plays a role in cervical cancer via regulating the expression of Snail. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining of YB-1, Snail, and E-cadherin (E-cad) was performed on tissue specimens including 35 cases of chronic cervicitis (as a control), 35 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasm (CIN) I, 35 cases of CIN II/III, 28 cases of unmetastatic cervical squamous cell carcinoma, and 19 cases of metastatic cervical squamous cell carcinoma...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702779/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-fallopian-tube-metastases-from-primary-endometrial-cervical-and-nongynecological-malignancies-a-single-institutional-experience
#20
Kiyong Na, Hyun-Soo Kim
This study was aimed at investigating the clinicopathological characteristics of tubal metastases originating from primary endometrial, cervical, and nongynecological malignancies. We performed a 4-year retrospective study in which fallopian tube tissues obtained from 60 patients with tubal metastases were examined. In addition, we compared the number of tubal metastasis cases detected during periods of representative or whole tubal sampling. Twenty-three and 37 tubal metastases were found in cases examined after representative and whole tubal sampling techniques, respectively...
July 13, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
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