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syncope epilepsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028678/increase-in-medical-emergency-calls-and-calls-for-central-nervous-system-symptoms-during-a-severe-air-pollution-event-january-2013-jinan-city-china
#1
Liangliang Cui, George A Conway, Lan Jin, Jingwen Zhou, Jun Zhang, Xinwei Li, Lei Zhou, Tiantian Li, Ji Zhang
BACKGROUND: In January 2013, a continuous and severe haze event affected one third of the major cities in China, including Jinan. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether medical emergency calls (for nonaccidental emergencies) and calls for Central Nervous System (CNS) syndromes increased during this episode compared with the previous winter months (January, February, and December) in 2011 and 2012. METHODS: Daily emergency calls were obtained from Jinan Medical Emergency Center...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869205/ictal-asystole-in-a-patient-with-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-pres-and-seizures
#2
Joanna Suski, Reginald Ho, Maromi Nei
We describe a case of ictal asystole in a patient with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), which has never been described previously. Ictal asystole is rare and has possible serious medical consequences, including syncope, and may be a potential mechanism for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). Awareness that PRES may be observed with recurrent ictal asystole may aid in the recognition and treatment of seizures in this condition and the prevention of asystole-associated complications...
September 4, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842725/-diagnosis-of-non-epileptic-paroxysmal-disorders-and-epileptic-seizures
#3
REVIEW
S Noachtar, B Güldiken
Non-epileptic paroxysmal disorders may clinically manifest in a similar way to epileptic seizures and have to be considered in the differential diagnosis of epilepsy. Syncope, non-epileptic psychogenic seizures, paroxysmal movement disorders, migraine, transient ischemic attacks and parasomnia constitute the major differential diagnoses. A meticulous history and a third party description are useful for the differential diagnosis. Neurological, psychiatric and cardiological examinations are required for the correct differential diagnosis...
August 25, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831928/-driving-status-of-syncope-patients-is-not-part-of-standard-advice
#4
M R Snijders Blok, F J de Lange, R D Thijs, J G van Dijk, W Wieling, N van Dijk
OBJECTIVE: Some medical problems, such as syncope, have direct consequences for fitness to drive. Our objective was to discover if patients had been informed about their driving status after a syncopal episode by their physician, and if this advice was in line with current legislation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHOD: By means of a structured questionnaire, 150 patients referred to the syncope clinic at the Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, were asked about the advice they had received concerning their driving status during previous consultations with their general practitioner or specialists...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815953/epilepsy-in-fragile-x-syndrome-mimicking-panayiotopoulos-syndrome-description-of-three-patients
#5
Paolo Bonanni, Susanna Casellato, Franco Fabbro, Susanna Negrin
Fragile-X-syndrome is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability. Epilepsy is reported to occur in 10-20% of individuals with Fragile-X-syndrome. A frequent seizure/electroencephalogram (EEG) pattern resembles that of benign rolandic epilepsy. We describe the clinical features, EEG findings and evolution in three patients affected by Fragile-X-syndrome and epilepsy mimicking Panayiotopoulos syndrome. Age at seizure onset was between 4 and about 7 years. Seizures pattern comprised a constellation of autonomic symptoms with unilateral deviation of the eyes and ictal syncope...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779863/neurological-complications-of-cardiac-disease
#6
Nandini Madan, Karen S Carvalho
This article focuses on the complex interactions between the cardiovascular and neurologic systems. Initially, we focus on neurological complications in children with congenital heart disease both secondary to the underlying cardiac disease and complications of interventions. We later discuss diagnosis and management of common syncope syndromes with emphasis on vasovagal syncope. We also review the diagnosis, classification, and management of children and adolescents with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome...
February 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747444/recurrence-risk-of-ictal-asystole-in-epilepsy
#7
REVIEW
Kevin G Hampel, Roland D Thijs, Christian E Elger, Rainer Surges
OBJECTIVE: To determine the recurrence risk of ictal asystole (IA) and its determining factors in people with epilepsy. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of published cases with IA in 3 databases and additionally searched our local database for patients with multiple seizures simultaneously recorded with ECG and EEG and at least one IA. IA recurrence risk was estimated by including all seizures without knowledge of the chronological order. Various clinical features were assessed by an individual patient data meta-analysis...
August 22, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702333/cough-syncope-induced-by-post-nasal-drip-successfully-managed-by-gabapentin
#8
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah
Syncope is a common complaint in both neurology clinic and emergency department. It is defined as transient loss of consciousness with loss of postural tone, which is usually self-limited and followed by a spontaneous recovery. Our report describes a case of cough syncope resulting from chronic intractable cough caused by post nasal drip. Although his experience was debilitating, we were able to control his symptoms significantly using a small dose of Gabapentin. This dose is much lower when compared with the already established licensed indicated higher doses used for the treatment of neuropathic pain and epilepsy...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667576/can-syncope-cause-convulsive-seizures-in-adults
#9
Dearbhla M Kelly, Daniel J Costello
PURPOSE: Convulsive epileptic seizures triggered by transient cerebral hypoperfusion 'reflex anoxic seizures' are well-described in children but are not commonly recognized in adults. METHODS: We report a case series of 12 adults who presented acutely after generalized tonic-clonic seizures with a clear syncopal phase before the convulsion. We describe the aetiology, semiology and natural history of these events. RESULTS: Four patients (33...
August 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520630/diagnostic-yield-of-routine-electroencephalography-with-concurrent-video-recording-in-detecting-interictal-epileptiform-discharges-in-relation-to-reasons-for-request-a-prospective-study-of-1-080-video-electroencephalograms
#10
Laia Grau-López, Marta Jiménez, Jordi Ciurans, Sonia Barambio, Alejandra Fumanal, Juan L Becerra
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to prospectively analyze the sensitivity and specificity of routine electroencephalography with concurrent video recording (vEEG) in relation to the reasons for requesting the test and to investigate when routine vEEG should be requested. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 1,080 consecutive vEEGs performed between April 2015 and April 2016. The requests for vEEG were classified as requests with a low suspicion of epilepsy (syncope, confusion or delirium, suspicion of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures, and paroxysmal focal neurological deficit) or requests with a high suspicion of epilepsy (first clinical seizure, suspected status epilepticus, follow-up study of a patient with epilepsy, and acute symptomatic seizures)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403704/nursing-management-of-reflex-anoxic-seizures-in-children
#11
Neal Patel, Rowan Kerr-Liddell, Louise Challis, Siba Prosad Paul
Children who present with transient loss of consciousness (T-LOC) are often first seen in emergency departments (EDs). Reflex anoxic seizure (RAS), vasovagal syncope and prolonged respiratory apnoea are benign, syncopal events that can be generally managed by explanation and reassurance. RAS is a short, paroxysmal, self-reverting episode of asystole that is triggered by pain, fear or anxiety and is caused by increased vagal response. It is an important differential diagnosis in pre-school age children who present with T-LOC, but is often underdiagnosed and can sometimes be misdiagnosed as epilepsy...
April 13, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371670/panic-symptoms-in-transient-loss-of-consciousness-frequency-and-diagnostic-value-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-epilepsy-and-syncope
#12
G H Rawlings, J Jamnadas-Khoda, M Broadhurst, R A Grünewald, S J Howell, M Koepp, S W Parry, S M Sisodiya, M C Walker, M Reuber
PURPOSE: Previous studies suggest that ictal panic symptoms are common in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). This study investigates the frequency of panic symptoms in PNES and if panic symptoms, just before or during episodes, can help distinguish PNES from the other common causes of transient loss of consciousness (TLOC), syncope and epilepsy. METHODS: Patients with secure diagnoses of PNES (n=98), epilepsy (n=95) and syncope (n=100) were identified using clinical databases from three United Kingdom hospitals...
March 27, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250326/medication-and-driving-appropriate-interventions
#13
REVIEW
Masahito Hitosugi
Sudden illness while driving has been identified as a major cause of vehicle collisions, accounting for approximately 1 in 10 collisions. Because most drivers who experience sudden illnesses while driving do not perform avoidance maneuvers, the improvement of drivers' health is being promoted as a traffic safety strategy. Although stroke, heart disease, and epilepsy are common causes of sudden illness, common symptoms, such as abdominal cramps, vertigo, and syncope can also cause problems during driving. We found that regular referral to physicians was significantly less common among drivers who experienced health-related vehicle collisions or incidents...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241809/syncope-and-epilepsy-coexist-in-possible-and-drug-resistant-epilepsy-overlap-between-epilepsy-and-syncope-study-oesys
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Andrea Ungar, Alice Ceccofiglio, Francesca Pescini, Chiara Mussi, Gianni Tava, Martina Rafanelli, Assunta Langellotto, Niccolò Marchionni, J Gert van Dijk, Gianlugi Galizia, Domenico Bonaduce, Pasquale Abete
BACKGROUND: Differential diagnosis between syncope and epilepsy in patients with transient loss of consciousness of uncertain etiology is still unclear. Thus, the aim of the present work is to evaluate the prevalence of syncope in patients with "possible" or "drug-resistant" epilepsy. METHODS: The Overlap between Epilepsy and SYncope Study (OESYS) is a multicenter prospective observational study designed to estimate the prevalence of syncope in patients followed in Epilepsy Centers for "possible" or "drug-resistant" epilepsy and assessed according the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines of syncope diagnosis...
February 28, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199007/accuracy-of-claims-based-algorithms-for-epilepsy-research-revealing-the-unseen-performance-of-claims-based-studies
#15
Lidia M V R Moura, Maggie Price, Andrew J Cole, Daniel B Hoch, John Hsu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate published algorithms for the identification of epilepsy cases in medical claims data using a unique linked dataset with both clinical and claims data. METHODS: Using data from a large, regional health delivery system, we identified all patients contributing biologic samples to the health system's Biobank (n = 36K). We identified all subjects with at least one diagnosis potentially consistent with epilepsy, for example, epilepsy, convulsions, syncope, or collapse, between 2014 and 2015, or who were seen at the epilepsy clinic (n = 1,217), plus a random sample of subjects with neither claims nor clinic visits (n = 435); we then performed a medical chart review in a random subsample of 1,377 to assess the epilepsy diagnosis status...
April 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162058/prevalence-of-epilepsy-in-74-949-school-children-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#16
Inaam N Mohamed, Maha A Elseed, Ahlam A Hamed, Manar E Abdel-Rahman, Sarah M El-Sadig, Ilham M Omer, Abdelgadir H Osman, Ammar E Ahmed, Zein A Karrar, Mustafa A Salih
BACKGROUND: Data on childhood epilepsy in Sudan are scarce and the only published study on its prevalence was published in 1983. This study aimed to determine the current prevalence of epilepsy in school children in Khartoum State. METHODS: This is an analytical population-based, cross-sectional study conducted in Khartoum State, Sudan. The study included students in the basic (primary) schools aged 6-14 years. Simple random sampling was used to draw a cluster of four of the seven localities comprising Khartoum State...
February 6, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917693/identification-of-kcnq1-compound-heterozygous-mutations-in-three-chinese-families-with-jervell-and-lange-nielsen-syndrome
#17
Cuicui Wang, Yu Lu, Jing Cheng, Lei Zhang, Wei Liu, Weihua Peng, Di Zhang, Hong Duan, Dongyi Han, Huijun Yuan
CONCLUSION: Besides expanding the spectrum of KCNQ1 mutations causing Jervell and Lange-Nielsen Syndrome (JLNS), the results showed diversity of its phenotypes, and emphasized the importance of molecular genetic analysis in confirming clinical diagnosis and making diagnosis possible before the emergency symptoms for deaf individuals. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate four patients from three Chinese families with congenital hearing loss clinically and genetically...
May 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869560/syncope-seizure-or-both
#18
Paraskevi Koutrolou-Sotiropoulou, Abhijeet Singh, Mason Leeman-Markowski, Eric J Rashba
Ictal asystole (IA) is a rare phenomenon in patients with seizures with an incidence of 0.27-0.4% and has been proposed as a possible mechanism of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy patients (SUDEP). We present a case of a 53-year-old woman who initially presented with episodes of expressive aphasia and was treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). While on therapy she experienced episodes of syncope. During her hospitalization for tapering of AEDs and 24-hour EEG monitoring, the patient developed a seizure followed by sinus bradycardia and an 18-second sinus pause, resulting in loss of consciousness and slowing of cerebral activity...
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868350/an-elderly-jervell-and-lange-nielsen-patient-heterozygous-compound-for-two-new-kcnq1-mutations
#19
Eliecer Coto, Francisco J García-Fernández, David Calvo, Ricardo Salgado-Aranda, Javier Martín-González, Belén Alonso, Sara Iglesias, Juan Gómez
We present the case of a 66-year-old female with early onset deafness and seizures, who was diagnosed with epilepsy at the age of 2 years. She received antiepileptic drugs and was free of syncope episodes for 32 years. After a syncope at the age of 34, the ECG was characteristic of long-QT syndrome and was treated with antiarrhythmic drugs. Sequencing of the KCNQ1 gene identified two novel KCNQ1 variants interpreted to be pathogenic, and the patient was finally diagnosed with Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843098/the-heart-of-epilepsy-current-views-and-future-concepts
#20
REVIEW
S Shmuely, M van der Lende, R J Lamberts, J W Sander, R D Thijs
Cardiovascular (CV) comorbidities are common in people with epilepsy. Several mechanisms explain why these conditions tend to co-exist including causal associations, shared risk factors and those resulting from epilepsy or its treatment. Various arrhythmias occurring during and after seizures have been described. Ictal asystole is the most common cause. The converse phenomenon, arrhythmias causing seizures, appears extremely rare and has only been reported in children following cardioinihibitory syncope. Arrhythmias in epilepsy may not only result from seizure activity but also from a shared genetic susceptibility...
January 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
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