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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822894/increased-minimum-legal-age-for-the-sale-of-alcohol-in-the-netherlands-as-of-2014-the-effect-on-alcohol-sellers-compliance-after-one-and-two-years
#1
Karen Schelleman-Offermans, Ruud T J Roodbeen, Paul H H M Lemmens
BACKGROUND: As of January 2014, the Dutch minimum legal age for the sale and purchase of all alcoholic beverages has increased from 16 to 18 years of age. The effectiveness of a minimum legal age policy in controlling the availability of alcohol for adolescents depends on the extent to which this minimum legal age is complied with in the field. The main aim of the current study is to investigate, for a country with a West-European drinking culture, whether raising the minimum legal age for the sale of alcohol has influenced compliance rates among Dutch alcohol vendors...
August 17, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822572/enantiodifferentiation-of-whisky-and-cognac-lactones-using-gas-chromatography-with-different-cyclodextrin-chiral-stationary-phases
#2
Hans-Georg Schmarr, Maximilian Mathes, Kristina Wall, Frank Metzner, Marius Fraefel
The chiral lactone 5-butyl-4-methyloxolan-2-one or 5-butyl-4-methyldihydro-2(3H)-furanone, often named whisky lactone, is found in oak wood, then contributing to the appreciated flavor of beverages stored in such wooden barrels. Its next higher homologue is named cognac lactone (5-pentyl-4-methyloxolan-2-one or 5-pentyl-4-methyldihydro-2(3H)-furanone), however is much less known, probably due to its minor concentration level. In order to study the direct enantioseparation of both lactones by gas chromatography on chiral stationary phases, individual enantiomers, particularly for cognac lactone were made available...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822065/the-inflammatory-potential-of-dietary-manganese-in-a-cohort-of-elderly-men
#3
Jacob K Kresovich, Catherine M Bulka, Brian T Joyce, Pantel S Vokonas, Joel Schwartz, Andrea A Baccarelli, Elizabeth A Hibler, Lifang Hou
Manganese is an essential nutrient that may play a role in the production of inflammatory biomarkers. We examined associations between estimated dietary manganese intake from food/beverages and supplements with circulating biomarkers of inflammation. We further explored whether estimated dietary manganese intake affects DNA methylation of selected genes involved in the production of these biomarkers. We analyzed 1023 repeated measures of estimated dietary manganese intakes and circulating blood inflammatory biomarkers from 633 participants in the Normative Aging Study...
August 18, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820942/the-effects-of-preheating-and-storage-temperature-on-aroma-profile-and-physical-properties-of-citrus-oil-emulsions
#4
Ying Yang, Chengying Zhao, Guifang Tian, Chang Lu, Shaojie Zhao, Yuming Bao, David Julian McClements, Hang Xiao, Jinkai Zheng
Citrus oils are used as good carrier oil for emulsion fabrication due to their special flavor and various health-promoting functions. In this study, the effects of preheating temperature (30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 oC) and storage temperature (4, 25 and 37 oC) on aroma profiles and physical properties of three citrus-oil (i.e. mandarin, sweet orange and bergamot oils) emulsions were systematically investigated for the first time. The results demonstrated the significant impact of temperature on aroma profile and physical properties...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820455/beverage-intake-among-children-associations-with-parent-and-home-related-factors
#5
Arwa Zahid, Cynthia Davey, Marla Reicks
Beverage intake can influence child diet quality in a positive or negative manner depending on the beverage type and amounts consumed. Parenting practices such as role modeling and control of home beverage availability have been associated with child beverage intake, whereas examination of the influence of parental beverage nutrition knowledge has been more limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between sugar-sweetened and dairy beverage intake among children (9-12 years) and home and parental factors...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820044/determination-of-fusarium-toxins-in-functional-vegetable-milks-applying-salting-out-assisted-liquid-liquid-extraction-combined-with-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#6
Ahmed M Hamed, Natalia Arroyo-Manzanares, Ana M García-Campaña, Laura Gámiz-Gracia
Vegetable milks are considered as functional foods due to their physiological benefits. Although the consumption of these products has significantly increased, they have received little attention in legislation, as regard to contaminants. However, they may contain mycotoxins resulting from the use of contaminated raw materials. In this work, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry has been proposed for the determination of the most relevant Fusarium toxins (fumonisin B1 and B2, HT-2 and T-2 toxins, zearalenone, deoxynivalenol and fusarenon-X) in different functional beverages based on cereals, legumes and seeds...
August 18, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819632/detection-of-islet-cell-immune-reactivity-with-low-glycemic-index-foods-is-this-a-concern-for-type-1-diabetes
#7
Datis Kharrazian, Martha Herbert, Aristo Vojdani
Dietary management of autoimmune diabetes includes low glycemic foods classified from the glycemic index, but it does not consider the role that immunoreactive foods may play with the immunological etiology of the disease. We measured the reactivity of either monoclonal or polyclonal affinity-purified antibodies to insulin, insulin receptor alpha, insulin receptor beta, zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8), tyrosine phosphatase-based islet antigen 2 (IA2), and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) 65 and 67 against 204 dietary proteins that are commonly consumed...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818486/implementation-of-media-production-activities-in%C3%A2-an-intervention-designed-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-among-adults
#8
Kathleen J Porter, Yvonnes Chen, Hannah G Lane, Jamie M Zoellner
OBJECTIVE: To inform the implementation of media production activities with adult populations by describing the construction of counter-advertisements (counter-ads) within a behavioral intervention. METHODS: SIPsmartERparticipants could create 2 types of counter ads during the intervention's media literacy lesson. Participants (n = 40) were from rural southwestern Virginia. Most were female (85%) and white (93%), and 28% were low health literate. Descriptive statistics and Fisher exact tests were used to compare completion rates, content, techniques used, and persuasive intent with counter ad type and health literacy status...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818419/a-school-based-brand-marketing-program-s-adherence-to-federal-nutrition-criteria
#9
Alyssa J Moran, Eric B Rimm, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 gave the U.S. Department of Agriculture authority to regulate school wellness policies, which include nutritional standards for foods advertised in schools. Brand marketing programs, which encourage students to purchase a company's products in exchange for money or rewards, were not explicitly prohibited. This study assesses the nutritional quality of products participating in "Box Tops for Education" ("Box Tops"), one of the largest national brand marketing programs in schools...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818413/transactions-at-a-northeastern-supermarket-chain-differences-by-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-use
#10
Rebecca L Franckle, Alyssa Moran, Tao Hou, Dan Blue, Julie Greene, Anne N Thorndike, Michele Polacsek, Eric B Rimm
INTRODUCTION: Although one in seven Americans receives Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits, little is known about how these benefits for food are spent because individual-level sales data are not publicly available. The purpose of this study is to compare transactions made with and without SNAP benefits at a large regional supermarket chain. METHODS: Sales data were obtained from a large supermarket chain in the Northeastern U.S. for a period of 2 years (April 2012-April 2014)...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818248/cancer-risk-promoting-information-the-communication-environment-of-young-adults
#11
Rachel F McCloud, Racquel E Kohler, K Viswanath
Young adulthood represents a time of myriad transitions, which leave young adults (YAs) more susceptible to the influences of cancer risk-promoting information. The tobacco, alcohol, indoor tanning, and food and beverage industries engage in aggressive marketing strategies through both traditional and social media to target this age group to consume their products, which have known links to cancer. Despite this barrage of messaging, detailed data are lacking on the communication behaviors of subgroups of this diverse age group, particularly those from low SES...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818241/prevalence-of-modifiable-cancer-risk-factors-among-u-s-adults-aged-18-44-years
#12
Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Sohyun Park, Linda J Neff, Susan A Carlson, David R Brown, Dafna Kanny
INTRODUCTION: Carcinogen exposure and unhealthy habits acquired in young adulthood can set the stage for the development of cancer at older ages. This study measured the current prevalence of several cancer risk factors among young adults to assess opportunities to intervene to change the prevalence of these risk factors and potentially reduce cancer incidence. METHODS: Using 2015 National Health Interview Survey data (analyzed in 2016), the prevalence of potential cancer risk factors was estimated among U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815324/alcohol-and-head-and-neck-cancer
#13
Daisuke Kawakita, Keitaro Matsuo
In this article, we reviewed the association between alcohol drinking and head and neck cancer (HNC) and its subsites, using the available literature. Alcohol drinking is an established risk factor for HNC, and this association may be stronger among cancers of the oropharynx and hypopharynx than the oral cavity or larynx. In addition, higher alcohol consumption over a shorter period was more harmful than fewer alcohol consumption over a longer period, and the most frequently consumed alcoholic beverages in a population is likely to be associated with the highest risk of HNC in that population...
August 16, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815196/simultaneous-health-risk-behaviors-in-adolescents-associated-with-higher-economic-class-in-the-northeast-of-brazil
#14
Arley Santos Leão, Nara Michelle Moura Soares, Eliane Cristina de Andrade Gonçalves, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Roberto Jerônimo Dos Santos Silva, Sara Maria Thomazzi
DESIGN: The social, cultural, and economic context can be an important variable in the perception and adoption of risk behaviors in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of simultaneous health risk behaviors and associated socioeconomic factors in adolescents living in the metropolitan region of Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil. METHODS: The sample consisted of 2,207 high school students aged 13-18 years...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813028/detection-methodologies-for-pathogen-and-toxins-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Md Eshrat E Alahi, Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay
Pathogen and toxin-contaminated foods and beverages are a major source of illnesses, even death, and have a significant economic impact worldwide. Human health is always under a potential threat, including from biological warfare, due to these dangerous pathogens. The agricultural and food production chain consists of many steps such as harvesting, handling, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, preparation, and consumption. Each step is susceptible to threats of environmental contamination or failure to safeguard the processes...
August 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811750/availability-of-a-sports-dietitian-may-lead-to-improved-performance-and-recovery-of-ncaa-division-i-baseball-athletes
#16
Michael V Hull, Jonathan Neddo, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to survey dietary habits (DH) and nutrient timing (NT) practices of baseball student-athletes (mean ± SD; 20.7 ± 1.4 yr.) from three NCAA Division I institutions, and examine the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) in regard to nutrition practices. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and Pearson X(2) analyses were run. Responses on 10 DH and 5 NT items differed (p ≤ 0.10) between athletes who sought dietary planning from a SD (n = 36) versus those who consulted a strength and conditioning coach (SCC, n = 42)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811190/how-to-quench-your-thirst-the-effect-of-water-based-products-varying-in-temperature-and-texture-flavour-and-sugar-content-on-thirst
#17
L van Belzen, E M Postma, S Boesveldt
The sensation of thirst plays an important role in the consumption of water or other fluids to rehydrate the body in order to keep bodily functions working properly. An increase in saliva secretion, wetting the mouth by ingestion of liquids, and cooling and sour components in products can alleviate this sensation already before absorption of fluids by the body. This study aimed to investigate the thirst-quenching ability of water-based products differing in temperature and texture (cold solids and cool liquids), flavour (flavoured and non-flavoured) and sugar content in two consecutive experiments...
August 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810703/exploring-the-potential-of-saccharomyces-eubayanus-as-a-parent-for-new-interspecies-hybrid-strains-in-winemaking
#18
Frederico Magalhães, Kristoffer Krogerus, Sandra Castillo, Anne Ortiz-Julien, Sylvie Dequin, Brian Gibson
Yeast cryotolerance brings some advantages for wine fermentations, including the improved aromatic complexity of white wines. Naturally cold-tolerant strains are generally less adept at wine fermentation but fermentative fitness can potentially be improved through hybridization. Here we studied the potential of using hybrids involving Saccharomyces eubayanus and a S. cerevisiae wine strain for low-temperature winemaking. Through screening the performance in response to variable concentrations of sugar, nitrogen and temperature, we isolated one hybrid strain that exhibited the superior performance...
August 1, 2017: FEMS Yeast Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810070/the-appearance-taste-and-concentrations-of-zolpidem-dissolved-in-still-water-and-carbonated-beverages
#19
Gunhild Heide, Knut Hjelmeland, Gerd-Wenche Brochmann, Ritva Karinen, Gudrun Høiseth
Zolpidem is a sedative that could be used to drug victims, but its suitability to dissolve in drinks is unknown. In this small study, we added either crushed or whole tablets of zolpidem hemitartrate to carbonated beverages or still water to observe how this affected the taste and appearance. Also, concentrations were measured by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry at different time intervals. Two crushed tablets (20 mg) in cider (250 mL) lead to a maximum concentration of 84 mg/L zolpidem base after 30 min, while the corresponding concentration after adding fifteen tablets (150 mg) was 467 mg/L...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807562/targeting-signal-transducers-and-activators-of-transcription-stat-in-human-cancer-by-dietary-polyphenolic-antioxidants
#20
REVIEW
Hamed Amani, Marjan Ajami, Solmaz Nasseri Maleki, Hamidreza Pazoki-Toroudi, Maria Daglia, Arold Jorel Tsetegho Sokeng, Arianna Di Lorenzo, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Kasi Pandima Devi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
Over the course of the last three decades, a large body of evidence has shown that polyphenols, the secondary metabolites occurring in plant foods and beverages, exert protective effects due to their antioxidant activity mediated through different mechanisms ranging from direct radical scavenging and metal chelating activities, to the capacity to inhibit pro-oxidant enzymes and to target specific cell-signalling pathways. In the last decade, dietary components, and polyphenols in particular have gained considerable attention as chemopreventive agents against different types of cancer...
August 11, 2017: Biochimie
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