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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031132/effectiveness-of-policy-changes-to-reduce-harm-from-unrecorded-alcohol-in-russia-between-2005-and-now
#1
Maria Neufeld, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: Consumption of unrecorded alcohol (alcohol that is not taxed and reflected in official statistics, but consumed as a beverage) has been identified as one of the main contributors to alcohol-attributable premature mortality in Russia. The problem was highlighted by a recent a mass poisoning with surrogate alcohol occurred in the Siberian city of Irkutsk. METHODS: Based on key publications and legislative documents, a narrative review was undertaken about alcohol-related harm reduction policies in Russia for the period between 2005 and 2017, as well as the impact of these policies on the recorded and unrecorded alcohol consumption and alcohol market...
October 11, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028576/bioelectrochromic-hydrogel-for-fast-antibiotic-susceptibility-testing
#2
Ferran Pujol-Vila, Jiri Dietvorst, Laura Gall-Mas, María Díaz-González, Núria Vigués, Jordi Mas, Xavier Muñoz-Berbel
Materials science offers new perspectives in the clinical analysis of antimicrobial sensitivity. However, a biomaterial with the capacity to respond to living bacteria has not been developed to date. We present an electrochromic iron(III)-complexed alginate hydrogel sensitive to bacterial metabolism, here applied to fast antibiotic-susceptibility determination. Bacteria under evaluation are entrapped -and pre-concentrated- in the hydrogel matrix by oxidation of iron (II) ions to iron (III) and in situ formation of the alginate hydrogel in less than 2min and in soft experimental conditions (i...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027283/does-managing-the-consumption-of-people-with-severe-alcohol-dependence-reduce-harm-a-comparison-of-participants-in-six-canadian-managed-alcohol-programs-with-locally-recruited-controls
#3
Tim Stockwell, Bernie Pauly, Clifton Chow, Rebekah A Erickson, Bonnie Krysowaty, Audra Roemer, Kate Vallance, Ashley Wettlaufer, Jinhui Zhao
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Managed alcohol programs (MAP) are intended for people with severe alcohol-related problems and unstable housing. We investigated whether MAP participation was associated with changes in drinking patterns and related harms. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-five MAP participants from five Canadian cities (Hamilton, Ottawa, Toronto, Thunder Bay and Vancouver) and 189 same-city controls were assessed for alcohol consumption, health, safety and harm outcomes...
October 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026979/hpaec-pad-for-oligosaccharide-analysis-novel-insights-into-analyte-sensitivity-and-response-stability
#4
Matthias Mechelke, Jonathan Herlet, J Philipp Benz, Wolfgang H Schwarz, Vladimir V Zverlov, Wolfgang Liebl, Petra Kornberger
The rising importance of accurately detecting oligosaccharides in biomass hydrolyzates or as ingredients in food, such as in beverages and infant milk products, demands for the availability of tools to sensitively analyze the broad range of available oligosaccharides. Over the last decades, HPAEC-PAD has been developed into one of the major technologies for this task and represents a popular alternative to state-of-the-art LC-MS oligosaccharide analysis. This work presents the first comprehensive study which gives an overview of the separation of 38 analytes as well as enzymatic hydrolyzates of six different polysaccharides focusing on oligosaccharides...
October 12, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025103/commentary-intrauterine-exposure-to-artificially-sweetened-beverages-and-offspring-adiposity-is-this-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#5
Louise L Hardy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023761/natural-vitamin-b12-and-fucose-supplementation-of-green-smoothies-with-edible-algae-and-related-quality-changes-during-their-shelf-life
#6
Noelia Castillejo, Ginés Benito Martínez Hernández, Valentina Goffi, Perla A Gómez, Encarna Aguayo, Francisco Artés, Francisco Artés Hernández
BACKGROUND: Some algae are an excellent source of vitamin B12, of special interest for vegetarian/vegan consumers, and of fucose to supplement fruit and vegetables beverages like smoothies. Nevertheless, the algae supplementation of smoothies may lead to possible quality changes during smoothie shelf life that needs to be studied. Therefore, the quality changes of fresh green smoothies supplemented (2.2%) with 9 edible algae (sea lettuce, kombu, wakame, thongweed, dulse, Irish moss, nori, spirulina and chlorella) were studied throughout 24 days at 5°C...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023758/biological-activities-of-agave-by-products-and-their-possible-applications-in-food-and-pharmaceuticals
#7
REVIEW
Julio Cesar López-Romero, Jesús Fernando Ayala-Zavala, Gustavo Adolfo González-Aguilar, Etna Aida Peña-Ramos, Humberto González-Ríos
Agave leaves are considered a by-product of alcoholic beverage production (tequila, mezcal and bacanora) because they are discarded during the production process, despite accounting for approximately 50 % of the total plant weight. These by-products constitute a potential source of Agave extracts rich in bioactive compounds, such as saponins, phenolic compounds and terpenes, and possess different biological effects, as demonstrated by in vitro and in vivo tests (e.g., antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, immunomodulatory, antiparasitic, and anticancer activity)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023703/use-of-multi-intake-temporal-dominance-of-sensations-tds-to-evaluate-the-influence-of-wine-on-cheese-perception
#8
Mara V Galmarini, Anne-Laure Loiseau, Doëtte Debreyer, Michel Visalli, Pascal Schlich
Even if wine and cheese have long been consumed together, there is little sensory evidence on how wine can influence the perception of cheese. In this work 4 cheeses were dynamically characterized in terms of dominant sensations without and with wine consumption in between intakes. The tasting protocol was based on multi-intake temporal dominance of sensations (TDS) coupled with hedonic rating. Frequent wine and cheese consumers (n = 31) evaluated 4 cheeses (Epoisses, Chaource, and 2 different Comté) over 3 consecutive bites...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023158/healthy-families-a-family-based-community-intervention-to-address-childhood-obesity
#9
Danae Dinkel, Melissa Tibbits, Emily Hanigan, Kelly Nielsen, Leah Jorgensen, Kay Grant
The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Healthy Families, a family-based community intervention, in improving the knowledge, self-efficacy, and health behaviors of overweight/obese children and their families as well as to explore the lessons learned. Results showed families who completed the program had significant improvements for children and parents in areas such as nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy in making healthy eating choices as well as participating in physical activity...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023137/sexual-vs-nonsexual-currently-most-upsetting-trauma-a-fresh-look-at-attenuation-of-sexual-response-alcohol-intoxication-and-post-traumatic-stress
#10
Elizabeth R Bird, Martin Seehuus, Julia R Heiman, Kelly Cue Davis, Jeanette Norris, William H George
This study examined the dependence of sexual response (vaginal pulse amplitude [VPA] and subjective sexual arousal) on alcohol intoxication (.10% breath alcohol concentration [BrAC] versus no alcohol) and the nature of a woman's currently most upsetting traumatic event (C-MUTE), whether it was sexual (e.g., rape) or nonsexual (e.g., combat). Self-reported sexual outcomes were also compared by C-MUTE type. A total of 117 women completed background measures and either drank alcoholic or nonalcoholic beverages...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022677/alcohol-consumption-in-population-aged-25-65-years-living-in-the-metropolis-of-south-moravia-czech-republic
#11
Jindřich Fiala, Ondřej Sochor, Helena Klimusová, Martin Homolka
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate alcohol consumption in a representative sample of the population of the city of Brno, as part of research on cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey on a sample of 2,160 randomly selected residents 35-65 years old was carried out. For the invited volunteers who became a part of the investigation, alcohol consumption was determined in a controlled, face to face interview structured in accordance with a special questionnaire form...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021899/reliability-of-self-report-measures-of-correlates-of-obesity-related-behaviours-in-hong-kong-adolescents-for-the-ihealt-h-and-ipen-adolescent-studies
#12
Ester Cerin, Cindy H P Sit, Anthony Barnett, Wendy Y J Huang, Gemma Y Gao, Stephen H S Wong, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: This study examined the reliability of measures of correlates of dietary behaviours (DBs), physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) for Hong Kong adolescents. METHOD: Individual, social and environmental correlates of obesity-related behaviours were assessed twice, 15-27 days apart (average 20 days), via self-administered questionnaires. These questionnaire included measures of decisional balance, self-efficacy, enjoyment and social support related to intake of fruits, vegetables, high-fat foods and sugar-sweetened beverages, PA behaviour and SB...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021286/pomegranate-juice-but-not-an-extract-confers-a-lower-glycemic-response-on-a-high-glycemic-index-food-randomized-crossover-controlled-trials-in-healthy-subjects
#13
Asimina Kerimi, Hilda Nyambe-Silavwe, Julia S Gauer, Francisco A Tomás-Barberán, Gary Williamson
Background: Low-glycemic index diets have demonstrated health benefits associated with a reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes.Objectives: We tested whether pomegranate polyphenols could lower the glycemic response of a high-glycemic index food when consumed together and the mechanism by which this might occur.Design: We compared the acute effect of a pomegranate juice and a polyphenol-rich extract from pomegranate (supplement) on the bread-derived postprandial blood glucose concentration in 2 randomized, crossover, controlled studies (double-blinded for the supplements), each on 16 healthy volunteers...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020121/food-consumption-according-to-the-days-of-the-week-national-food-survey-2008-2009
#14
Luana Silva Monteiro, Bruna Kulik Hassan, Camilla Chermont Prochnik Estima, Amanda de Moura Souza, Eliseu Verly, Rosely Sichieri, Rosangela Alves Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the variations in energy, nutrients, and food groups intake between days of the week and weekend days in the Brazilian population. METHODS: We used data from the first National Food Survey (2008-2009) of a one-day food log of a representative sample of the Brazilian population aged 10 years or older (n = 34,003). For the analyses, we considered the sample weights and the effect of the study design. The mean (and standard deviations) and frequencies (%) of energy, nutrients, and food groups consumption were estimated for weekdays (Monday to Friday) and weekend (Saturday and Sunday), we then estimated the differences according to the days of the week for the population strata analyzed...
October 5, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020109/evaluation-of-repetitive-pcr-and-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-maldi-tof-ms-for-rapid-strain-typing-of-bacillus-coagulans
#15
Jun Sato, Motokazu Nakayama, Ayumi Tomita, Takumi Sonoda, Motomitsu Hasumi, Takahisa Miyamoto
In order to establish rapid and accurate typing method for Bacillus coagulans strains which is important for controlling in some canned foods and tea-based beverages manufacturing because of the high-heat resistance of the spores and high tolerance of the vegetative cells to catechins and chemicals, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and repetitive-PCR (rep-PCR) were evaluated. For this purpose, 28 strains of B. coagulans obtained from various culture collections were tested...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020078/touch-flavor-transference-assessing-the-effect-of-packaging-weight-on-gustatory-evaluations-desire-for-food-and-beverages-and-willingness-to-pay
#16
Kristina Kampfer, Alexander Leischnig, Björn Sven Ivens, Charles Spence
Product packaging serves a number of distinct functions and influences the way in which consumers respond to various product offerings. The research reported here examines whether the haptic characteristics of a non-diagnostic product packaging cue, namely its weight, affects the response of consumers. This article reviews existing research on haptic transference and proposes a conceptual framework to explore how the weight of product packaging affects the flavor of the food or beverages, and, in turn, consumers' desire for consumption and willingness to pay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019789/mexican-cohort-study-predates-but-predicts-the-type-of-body-composition-changes-expected-from-the-mexican-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax
#17
Barry M Popkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017906/clustering-of-multiple-energy-balance-related-behaviors-is-associated-with-body-fat-composition-indicators-in-adolescents-results-from-the-helena-and-elana-studies
#18
Naiara Ferraz Moreira, Gloria Valeria da Veiga, Alba María Santaliestra-Pasías, Odysseas Androutsos, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Alessandra Silva Dias de Oliveira, Rosangela Alves Pereira, Anelise Bezerra de Vasconcelos de Moraes, Karen Van den Bussche, Laura Censi, Marcela González-Gross, David Cañada, Frederic Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Ascensión Marcos, Kurt Widhalm, Dénes Mólnar, Luis Alberto Moreno
The objective of this study was to identify clustering patterns of four energy balance-related behaviors (EBRB): television (TV) watching, moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V), and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), among European and Brazilian adolescents. EBRB associations with different body fat composition indicators were then evaluated. Participants included adolescents from eight European countries in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescents) study (n = 2,057, 53...
October 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016726/genetic-polymorphisms-of-alcohol-metabolizing-enzymes-and-alcohol-consumption-are-associated-with-asymptomatic-cardiac-remodeling-and-subclinical-systolic-dysfunction-in-large-community-dwelling-asians
#19
Chung-Lieh Hung, Shun-Chuan Chang, Sheng-Hsiung Chang, Po-Ching Chi, Yu-Jun Lai, Shih-Wei Wang, Yih-Jer Wu, Hung-I Yeh, Shing-Jong Lin, Che-Hong Chen, Daria Mochly-Rosen, Li-Yu Wang
Aims: Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages is associated with cardiac remodeling and cardiomyopathy. We examined the possible association of alcohol use, common Asian genetic variants in genes involved in alcohol metabolism, and cardiac structures/functions alterations. Methods: A prospective, community-dwelling survey among individuals with available complete echocardiography examined the associations of alcohol use, cardiac structure/functions, and three common alcohol metabolizing genetic variants, including aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), alcohol dehydrogenase 1B (ADH1B) and cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoform 2E1 (CYP2E1)...
August 31, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016721/no-impact-of-calorie-or-unit-information-on-ad-libitum-alcohol-consumption
#20
Olivia M Maynard, Tess Langfield, Angela S Attwood, Emily Allen, Imogen Drew, Alex Votier, Marcus R Munafò
Aims: To investigate the impact of unit and calorie information on drinking behaviour in an ad libitum taste test paradigm. Methods: In this experimental human laboratory study, participants were randomized to one of four conditions, balanced by gender, using a 2 (unit information: present vs. absent) × 2 (calorie information: present vs. absent) between-subjects design. The percentage of beer consumed during the taste test was the primary outcome measure. Results: Among this largely undergraduate student population, we found no evidence that either unit or calorie information impacted alcohol consumption in an ad libitum taste test...
September 18, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
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