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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327678/alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period-and-its-predictors-in-sindhupalchowk-district-nepal
#1
K K Aryal, N Thapa, S Mehata, P Thapa, A Alvik, B Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of women in Nepal consume alcohol and homebrewed alcoholic beverages are the most common type of alcohol. Alcohol being a part of tradition and culture in Nepal and evidences suggesting even low to moderate dose of alcohol having impacts on the birth outcomes, we aimed at exploring the alcohol consumption pattern during pregnancy and postpartum period along with its predictors. METHODS: We studied all pregnant and recently delivered women using quantitative methods in selected wards within selected Village Development Committees of Sindhupalchowk district in Nepal after purposively choosing the district...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327502/reported-energy-intake-accuracy-compared-to-doubly-labeled-water-and-usability-of-the-mobile-food-record-among-community-dwelling-adults
#2
Carol J Boushey, Melissa Spoden, Edward J Delp, Fengqing Zhu, Marc Bosch, Ziad Ahmad, Yurii B Shvetsov, James P DeLany, Deborah A Kerr
The mobile Food Record (mFR) is an image-based dietary assessment method for mobile devices. The study primary aim was to test the accuracy of the mFR by comparing reported energy intake (rEI) to total energy expenditure (TEE) using the doubly labeled water (DLW) method. Usability of the mFR was assessed by questionnaires before and after the study. Participants were 45 community dwelling men and women, 21-65 years. They were provided pack-out meals and snacks and encouraged to supplement with usual foods and beverages not provided...
March 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325546/statewide-policies-on-competitive-school-foods-and-beverages-broadening-the-scope-of-school-based-antiobesity-efforts
#3
EDITORIAL
Kevin A Gee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324761/chocolate-consumption-and-risk-of-stroke-among-men-and-women-a-large-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Jia-Yi Dong, Hiroyasu Iso, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Norie Sawada, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chocolate consumption may have a beneficial effect on cardiovascular health, but evidence from prospective cohort studies is still limited. We aimed to examine the prospective associations between chocolate consumption and risk of stroke among men and women in a large population-based cohort. METHODS: A total of 38,182 men and 46,415 women aged 44-76 years, and free of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer at baseline in 1995 and 1998, were followed up until the end of 2009 and 2010, respectively...
March 4, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324068/bisphenol-a-exposure-ovarian-follicle-numbers-and-female-sex-steroid-hormone-levels-results-from-a-clarity-bpa-study
#5
Shreya Patel, Emily Brehm, Liying Gao, Saniya Rattan, Ayelet Ziv-Gal, Jodi A Flaws
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an industrial chemical found in thermal receipts, and food and beverage containers. Previous studies have shown that BPA can affect the numbers and health of ovarian follicles and the production of sex steroid hormones, but they often did not include a wide-range of doses of BPA, used a small sample size, focused on relatively short-term exposures to BPA, and/or did not examine the consequences of chronic BPA exposure on the ovaries or steroid levels. Thus, this study was designed to examine the effects of a wide range of doses of BPA on ovarian morphology and sex steroid hormone production...
March 16, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322745/role-of-the-small-intestine-colon-and-microbiota-in-determining-the-metabolic-fate-of-polyphenols
#6
REVIEW
Gary Williamson, Michael N Clifford
(Poly)phenols are a large group of compounds, found in food, beverages, dietary supplements and herbal medicines. Owing to their biological activities, absorption and metabolism of the most abundant compounds in humans are well understood. Both the chemical structure of the phenolic moiety and any attached chemical groups define whether the polyphenol is absorbed in the small intestine, or reaches the colon and is subject to extensive catabolism by colonic microbiota. Untransformed substrates may be absorbed, appearing in plasma primarily as methylated, sulfated and glucuronidated derivatives, with in some cases the unchanged substrate...
March 16, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322653/underlying-beliefs-associated-with-college-student-consumption-of-energy-beverages
#7
Janet Thorlton, William B Collins
College students are heavy consumers of energy beverages, yet further study is needed to better understand determinants of use. The purpose of this cross-sectional study ( N = 283) was to identify beliefs explaining unsafe consumption practices. A principal components analysis revealed three eigenvalues >1 explaining approximately 55% of the variance (health and appearance, performance and fatigue, and recreation and alcohol). Multiple regression analysis explained 75% of the variance for intent to consume...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322529/-interventi-di-popolazione-per-contrastare-l-epidemia-di-prodotti-insalubri
#8
Giuseppe Gorini
"The multinational corporations producing tobacco, alcohol, soft drinks, and processed foods have a role of vectors in the increase of chronic diseases, so that one can speak of manufacturing epidemics. The main aim of this paper is to conduct a literature review on different approaches in population-based interventions to stem the rise in consumption of unhealthy products. Different approaches were found: • command-and-control regulations: the route is definitely more advanced for tobacco with the implementation of an international treaty, which requires 180 ratifying states to implement a series of tobacco control policies...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321896/does-tea-consumption-during-early-pregnancy-have-an-adverse-effect-on-birth-outcomes
#9
Jin-Hua Lu, Jian-Rong He, Song-Ying Shen, Xue-Ling Wei, Nian-Nian Chen, Ming-Yang Yuan, Lan Qiu, Wei-Dong Li, Qiao-Zhu Chen, Cui-Yue Hu, Hui-Min Xia, Suzanne Bartington, Kar Keung Cheng, Kin Bong Hubert Lam, Xiu Qiu
BACKGROUND: Tea, a common beverage, has been suggested to exhibit a number of health benefits. However, one of its active ingredients, caffeine, has been associated with preterm birth and low birthweight. We investigated whether tea consumption during early pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of preterm birth and abnormal fetal growth. METHODS: A total of 8775 pregnant women were included from the Born in Guangzhou Cohort Study. Tea consumption (type, frequency, and strength) during their first trimester and social and demographic factors were obtained by way of questionnaires administered during pregnancy...
March 21, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321307/a-cola-induced-hypokalemic-rhabdomyolysis-with-electromyographic-evaluation-a-case-report
#10
Davide Ferrazzoli, Annarita Sabetta, Grazia Palamara, Luca Caremani, Marina Capobianco, Pietro Balbi, Giuseppe Frazzitta
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of hypokalemic rhabdomyolysis induced by the heavy and prolonged ingestion of cola-based beverages, and its uneventful recovery after kalemia normalization. METHODS: We report a 38-year-old Caucasian male presented in our emergency room with a recent and progressive weakness of the lower limbs proximal muscles. RESULTS: A dietary history revealed a prolonged ingestion of cola-based beverages. Blood tests showed severe hypokalemia and marked increase in serum creatine phosphokinase...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320597/racial-or-ethnic-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-adherence-to-national-dietary-guidance-in-a-large-cohort-of-us-pregnant-women
#11
Lisa M Bodnar, Hyagriv N Simhan, Corette B Parker, Heather Meier, Brian M Mercer, William A Grobman, David M Haas, Deborah A Wing, Matthew K Hoffman, Samuel Parry, Robert M Silver, George R Saade, Ronald Wapner, Jay D Iams, Pathik D Wadhwa, Michal Elovitz, Alan M Peaceman, Sean Esplin, Shannon Barnes, Uma M Reddy
BACKGROUND: The significance of periconceptional nutrition for optimizing offspring and maternal health and reducing social inequalities warrants greater understanding of diet quality among US women. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate racial or ethnic and education inequalities in periconceptional diet quality and sources of energy and micronutrients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-Be cohort...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318463/decreasing-the-overall-environmental-impact-of-the-dutch-diet-how-to-find-healthy-and-sustainable-diets-with-limited-changes
#12
Gerard Fh Kramer, Marcelo Tyszler, Pieter Van't Veer, Hans Blonk
OBJECTIVE: To find diets optimised on nutrition and environmental impact close to the current Dutch diet and to identify the most effective and acceptable options for mitigating environmental impact. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to optimise diets of Dutch men and women aged 9-69 years, divided into ten age-gender groups. The analysis included nutrient composition, a metric for popularity and life cycle assessments of 207 food products. Greenhouse gas emissions, fossil energy use and land occupation were used to calculate a weighted score for the overall environmental impact...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317778/physicochemical-and-sensory-aroma-and-colour-characterisation-of-a-non-centrifugal-cane-sugar-panela-beverage
#13
Juliana María García, Paulo César Narváez, Francisco José Heredia, Álvaro Orjuela, Coralia Osorio
Non-centrifugal cane sugar (NCS), also called "panela", is a high carbohydrate-content food obtained by boil evaporation of the sugar cane juice. This study was undertaken to assess physicochemical properties and sensory characteristics of panela beverage at two different concentrations. Evaluation of pH, °Brix, and colour (tristimulus colorimetry) was carried out in all panela drink samples. In order to characterise the odour-active volatiles of the beverage, a simultaneous steam distillation-solvent extraction method was applied using a mixture of diethyl ether-pentane (1:1,w/w) as solvent...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317768/effect-of-xanthan-gum-on-the-release-of-strawberry-flavor-in-formulated-soy-beverage
#14
Jiao Xu, Zhiyong He, Maomao Zeng, Bingbing Li, Fang Qin, Linxiang Wang, Shengfang Wu, Jie Chen
The effects of xanthan gum on the release of strawberry flavor compounds in formulated soy protein isolate (SPI) beverage were investigated by headspace gas chromatography (GC). Seven strawberry flavor compounds (limonene, ethyl hexanoate, (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, ethyl 2-methylbutanoate, ethyl butanoate, (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol and diacetyl) could be detected by GC and hence analyzed the gas-matrix partition coefficients (K). The release of flavor compounds was restrained in SPI and/or xanthan gum solution. The retention of (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol, limonene and diacetyl significantly changed (p<0...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317713/a-validated-fast-difference-spectrophotometric-method-for-5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural-hmf-determination-in-corn-syrups
#15
Jucimara Kulek de Andrade, Camila Kulek de Andrade, Emy Komatsu, Hélène Perreault, Yohandra Reyes Torres, Marcos Roberto da Rosa, Maria Lurdes Felsner
Corn syrups, important ingredients used in food and beverage industries, often contain high levels of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (HMF), a toxic contaminant. In this work, an in house validation of a difference spectrophotometric method for HMF analysis in corn syrups was developed using sophisticated statistical tools by the first time. The methodology showed excellent analytical performance with good selectivity, linearity (R(2)=99.9%, r>0.99), accuracy and low limits (LOD=0.10mgL(-1) and LOQ=0.34mgL(-1))...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317602/nanotechnology-approaches-for-increasing-nutrient-bioavailability
#16
S M Jafari, D J McClements
Health-promoting ingredients such as phenolic compounds, vitamins, and minerals are being increasingly introduced into foods and beverages to produce "functional foods" specifically designed to improve human health, well-being, and performance. However, it is often challenging to incorporate these nutraceuticals into foods because they have poor solubility characteristics, impart undesirable flavor profiles, are chemically unstable, or have low bioavailability. This problem can often be overcome by encapsulating the bioactive components in nanoparticle-based delivery systems...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317504/review-of-state-laws-restricting-local-authority-to-impose-alcohol-taxes-in-the-united-states
#17
James F Mosher, Sabrina S Adler, Aysha M Pamukcu, Ryan D Treffers
OBJECTIVE: Building on the extensive research literature demonstrating that increasing alcohol prices reduces excessive alcohol consumption and related harms, this article presents the results of a 50-state review of local authority to tax alcohol in the United States. METHOD: Between 2013 and 2015, legal databases and government websites were reviewed to collect and analyze relevant statutes, ordinances, and case law. Results reflect laws in effect as of January 1, 2015...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316594/power-and-time-dependent-microwave-assisted-fabrication-of-silver-nanoparticles-decorated-cotton-sndc-fibers-for-bacterial-decontamination
#18
Abhishek K Bhardwaj, Abhishek Shukla, Rohit K Mishra, S C Singh, Vani Mishra, K N Uttam, Mohan P Singh, Shivesh Sharma, R Gopal
Plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) such as silver and gold have fascinating optical properties due to their enhanced optical sensitivity at a wavelength corresponding to their surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorption. Present work deals with the fabrication of silver nanoparticles decorated cotton (SNDC) fibers as a cheap and efficient point of contact disinfectant. SNDC fibers were fabricated by a simple microwave assisted route. The microwave power and irradiation time were controlled to optimize size and density of silver nanoparticles (SNPs) on textile fibers...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316475/optimization-of-manufacturing-conditions-for-improving-storage-stability-of-coffee-supplemented-milk-beverage-using-response-surface-methodology
#19
Sung-Il Ahn, Jun-Hong Park, Jae-Hoon Kim, Duk-Geun Oh, Moojoong Kim, Donghwa Chung, Jin-Woo Jhoo, Gur-Yoo Kim
This study aimed at optimizing the manufacturing conditions of a milk beverage supplemented with coffee, and monitoring its physicochemical and sensory properties during storage. Raw milk, skim milk powder, coffee extract, and emulsifiers were used to manufacture the beverage. Two sucrose fatty acid esters, F110 and F160, were identified as suitable emulsifiers. The optimum conditions for the beverage manufacture, which can satisfy two conditions at the same time, determined by response surface methodology (RSM), were 5,000 rpm primary homogenization speed and 0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316274/co-treatment-with-indole-3-carbinol-and-resveratrol-modify-porcine-cyp1a-and-cyp3a-activities-and-expression
#20
Galia Zamaratskaia, Rebekka Thøgersen, Marjeta Čandek-Potokar, Martin Krøyer Rasmussen
1. Humans and animals are commonly exposed to indole-3-carbinol (I3C) and resveratrol (RES) via food or beverages. Moreover, these compounds have been demonstrated to potentially cause food-drug interactions. However, information about their combined effects is limited. Therefore, we investigated the effects of I3C and RES, both as single compounds and in combination, on cytochrome P450 1A and 3A activity and gene expression. 2. Using porcine microsomes, we demonstrated that RES caused non-competitive inhibition of CYP1A activity and un-competitive inhibition of CYP3A activity...
March 19, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
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