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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244956/effects-of-carbohydrate-and-branched-chain-amino-acid-beverage-ingestion-during-acute-upper-body-resistance-exercise-on-performance-and-post-exercise-hormone-response
#1
JohnEric W Smith, Ben M Krings, Brandon D Shepherd, Hunter S Waldman, Steven A Basham, Matthew J McAllister
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the individual and combined effects of ingesting carbohydrates (CHO) and branched chain amino acids (BCAA) during high volume upper-body resistance exercise (RE) on markers of catabolism and performance. Thirteen resistance trained males completed four experimental trials with supplementation ingesting beverages containing CHO, BCAA, CHO+BCAA, or placebo (PLA) in a randomized, double-blind design. The beverages were ingested in 118 mL servings six times during a ~60 min RE session consisting of bench press, bent-over row, incline press, and close-grip row...
December 15, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244763/bisphenol-a-causes-liver-damage-and-selectively-alters-the-neurochemical-coding-of-intrahepatic-parasympathetic-nerves-in-juvenile-porcine-models-under-physiological-conditions
#2
Michael Thoene, Liliana Rytel, Ewa Dzika, Andrzej Włodarczyk, Ewa Kruminis-Kaszkiel, Ptaszyński Konrad, Joanna Wojtkiewicz
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an extremely common polymer that is used in typical everyday products throughout the world, especially in food and beverage containers. Within the last ten years, it has been found that the BPA monomer tends to leach into foodstuffs, and nanogram concentrations of it may cause a variety of deleterious health effects. These health problems are very evident in developing children and in young adults. The aim of this study was to expose developing pigs to dietary BPA at both legally acceptable and ten-fold higher levels...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244538/associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-longitudinal-quality-of-life-changes-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-the-colocare-study
#3
Biljana Gigic, Heiner Boeing, Reka Toth, Jürgen Böhm, Nina Habermann, Dominique Scherer, Petra Schrotz-King, Clare Abbenhardt-Martin, Stephanie Skender, Hermann Brenner, Jenny Chang-Claude, Michael Hoffmeister, Karen Syrjala, Paul B Jacobsen, Martin Schneider, Alexis Ulrich, Cornelia M Ulrich
Quality of life (QoL) is an important clinical outcome in cancer patients. We investigated associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The study included 192 CRC patients with available EORTC QLQ-C30 data before and 12 months post-surgery and food frequency questionnaire data at 12 months post-surgery. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns. Multivariate regression models assessed associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes over time...
December 15, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243808/the-role-of-the-dynamic-sensory-perception-in-the-reformulation-of-shakes-use-of-tds-for-studying-the-effect-of-milk-fiber-and-flavor-addition
#4
Barbara Tomadoni, Susana Fiszman, María R Moreira, Amparo Tarrega
Various factors need to be taken into account when reformulating a food or beverage. The food components, not only macronutrients but also minor ingredients such as flavoring agents, could affect the perception of the sensory sensations, importantly their dynamic aspects, as rising and duration, which are not normally considered. The novelty of this approach is the study of the effects of the addition of several ingredients (fiber, extra milk powder, and strawberry flavoring) on the dynamic perception of a food item (strawberry shakes) using the temporal dominance of sensations (TDS) technique...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243270/an-experimental-examination-of-alcohol-consumption-alcohol-expectancy-and-self-blame-on-willingness-to-report-a-hypothetical-rape
#5
Heather D Flowe, John Maltby
This study experimentally examined the role of victim alcohol intoxication, and self-blame in perceiving and reporting rape to the police using a hypothetical interactive rape scenario. Participants (N = 79) were randomly assigned to consume alcohol (mean BAC = 0.07%) or tonic water before they engaged in the scenario. Alcohol expectancy was manipulated, and participant beliefs about the beverage they thought they had consumed and their feelings of intoxication were measured. Alcohol consumption and expectancy did not affect the likelihood that the nonconsensual intercourse depicted in the scenario was perceived and would be reported as rape...
December 15, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242755/the-effects-of-men-s-hostility-toward-women-acute-alcohol-intoxication-and-women-s-condom-request-style-on-men-s-condom-use-resistance-tactics
#6
Rhiana Wegner, Kelly Cue Davis, Cynthia A Stappenbeck, Kelly F Kajumulo, Jeanette Norris, William H George
Objective: To extend previous research demonstrating that intoxicated men high in hostility toward women report stronger intentions to use coercive condom use resistance (CUR) tactics to have unprotected sex by examining the role of women's condom request style. Methods: Community, non-problem drinking men, ages 21-30 (N = 296) completed standard alcohol administration procedures and read an eroticized story of a casual sexual interaction. Following the woman's request to use a condom, intentions to engage in coercive CUR tactics were assessed...
October 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242276/oral-sodium-butyrate-impacts-brain-metabolism-and-hippocampal-neurogenesis-with-limited-effects-on-gut-anatomy-and-function-in-pigs
#7
David Val-Laillet, Sylvie Guérin, Nicolas Coquery, Isabelle Nogret, Michèle Formal, Véronique Romé, Laurence Le Normand, Paul Meurice, Gwénaëlle Randuineau, Paul Guilloteau, Charles-Henri Malbert, Patricia Parnet, Jean-Paul Lallès, Jean-Pierre Segain
Butyrate can improve gut functions, whereas histone deacetylase inhibitors might alleviate neurocognitive alterations. Our aim was to assess whether oral butyrate could modulate brain metabolism and plasticity and if this would relate to gut function. Sixteen pigs were subjected to sodium butyrate (SB) supplementation via beverage water or water only [control (C)]. All pigs had blood sampled after 2 and 3 wk of treatment, and were subjected to a brain positron emission tomography after 3 wk. Animals were euthanized after 4 wk to sample pancreas, intestine, and brain for gut physiology and anatomy measurements, as well as hippocampal histology, Ki67, and doublecortin (DCX) immunohistochemistry...
December 14, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242183/frequency-of-a-diagnosis-of-glaucoma-in-individuals-who-consume-coffee-tea-and-or-soft-drinks
#8
Connie M Wu, Annie M Wu, Victoria L Tseng, Fei Yu, Anne L Coleman
AIMS: To evaluate the association between consumption of coffee, tea or soft drinks, and glaucoma in the participants of the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS: The exposures of interest of this retrospective cross-sectional study were caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee, iced tea, hot tea and soft drinks. The outcome of interest was a clinical diagnosis of glaucoma based on the Rotterdam criteria. Analysis of the correlation between the frequency of consumption of each type of beverage and glaucoma was performed using logistic regression modelling while controlling for age, body mass index, gender, ethnicity, smoking status and diabetes...
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241955/determination-of-caffeine-theobromine-and-theophylline-in-mate-beer-and-mate-soft-drinks-by-high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography
#9
Claudia Oellig, Jacob Schunck, Wolfgang Schwack
Mate beer and Mate soft drinks are beverages produced from the dried leaves of Ilex paraguariensis (Yerba Mate). In Yerba Mate, the xanthine derivatives caffeine, theobromine and theophylline, also known as methylxanthines, are important active components. The presented method for the determination of caffeine, theobromine and theophylline in Mate beer and Mate soft drinks by high-performance thin-layer chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPTLC-UV) offers a fully automated and sensitive determination of the three methylxanthines...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241321/the-suitability-of-different-probiotic-strains-for-the-production-of-fruit-whey-beverages
#10
Marek Sady, Dorota Najgebauer-Lejko, Jacek Domagała
BACKGROUND: When designing new probiotic products, one of the most important aspects is the selection of bacterial strains with high survival rates in the matrix of the product concerned. The aim of the present research was to evaluate the potential of selected strains of probiotic bacteria for the production of fruit-whey beverages. METHODS: Orange, apple and blackcurrant whey beverages were produced, and each was inoculated with one of the following probiotic strains: Bifidobacterium lactis HN019TM; Lactobacillus aci- dophilus NCFM®; Lactobacillus paracasei Lpc-37TM; Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001TM...
October 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241317/optimization-of-soymilk-mango-nectar-and-sucrose-solution-mixes-for-better-quality-of-soymilk-based-beverage
#11
Rahel Getu, Yetenayet B Tola, Satheesh Neela
BACKGROUND: Soy milk-based beverages play an important role as a healthy food alternative for human consumption. However, the ‘beany’ flavor and chalky mouth feel of soy milk often makes it unpalatable to consumers. The objective of the present study is to optimize a blend of soy milk, mango nectar and sucrose solution for the best quality soy milk-based beverage. METHODS: This study was designed to develop a soy milk blended beverage, with mango nectar and sucrose solutions, with the best physicochemical and sensory properties...
October 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241218/analysis-of-the-cariogenic-potential-of-various-almond-milk-beverages-using-a-streptococcus-mutans-biofilm-model-in-vitro
#12
Janelle Lee, Janice A Townsend, Tatyana Thompson, Thomas Garitty, Arpan De, Qingzhao Yu, Brian M Peters, Zezhang T Wen
To evaluate the cariogenic properties of almond milk beverages, 6 almond milks, along with soy and whole bovine milk, were analyzed for their abilities to support Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation and acid production, and their capacity to buffer changes in pH. Biofilm formation by S. mutans was analyzed using an in vitro 96-well plate model and measured by crystal violet staining. Acid production by S. mutans was evaluated by a colorimetric L-lactate assay and pH measurement of bacterial cultures. Buffering capacity was assessed by a pH titration assay...
December 15, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240555/daily-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-by-disability-status-among-adults-in-23-states-and-the-district-of-columbia
#13
Sunkyung Kim, Sohyun Park, Dianna D Carroll, Catherine A Okoro
INTRODUCTION: Information on dietary intake, including sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), for adults with disabilities is limited. Such information can inform interventions to prevent chronic disease and promote health among adults with disabilities. The objective of this study was to describe the associations between SSB consumption and disability among adults. METHODS: We examined data on adults aged 18 years or older in 23 states and the District of Columbia who participated in the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 150,760)...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237159/sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-weight-gain-in-children-and-adults-a-systematic-review-from-2013-to-2015-and-a-comparison-with-previous-studies
#14
Maria Luger, Max Lafontan, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Eva Winzer, Volkan Yumuk, Nathalie Farpour-Lambert
OBJECTIVE: Partly inconsistent findings from previous reviews have fueled discussions on the impact of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on obesity development. The aim was to systematically review the recent evidence in children and adults. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library for the period January 2013 to October 2015. A systematic review of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) relating SSBs to weight measures was conducted...
December 14, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237032/the-development-and-pilot-testing-of-the-marijuana-retail-surveillance-tool-mrst-assessing-marketing-and-point-of-sale-practices-among-recreational-marijuana-retailers
#15
Carla J Berg, Lisa Henriksen, Patricia Cavazos-Rehg, Gillian L Schauer, Bridget Freisthler
As recreational marijuana expands, it is critical to develop standardized surveillance measures to study the retail environment. To this end, our research team developed and piloted a tool assessing recreational marijuana retailers in a convenience sample of 20 Denver retailers in 2016. The tool assesses: (i) compliance and security (e.g. age-of-sale signage, ID checks, security cameras); (ii) marketing (i.e. promotions, product availability and price) and (iii) contextual and neighborhood features (i.e. retailer type, facilities nearby)...
December 11, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236884/prevalence-of-common-mental-disorders-among-sugarcane-workers
#16
Polyana Felipe Ferreira da Costa, Solange Laurentino Dos Santos, Marcelo Saturnino da Silva, Idê Gomes Dantas Gurgel
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of common mental disorders and to analyze the associated factors in migrant and sugarcane workers. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study carried out with 110 workers. Common mental disorders were evaluated using the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20), and sociodemographic, occupational, and lifestyle variables were studied. The CAGE questionnaire was used to detect the abuse of alcoholic beverages. RESULTS: The prevalence of common mental disorders affected 40% of the workers and the association showed statistical significance for the positive result of the CAGE test, sickness, absence from work, and medical care during the harvest period...
December 11, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233950/should-lifestyles-be-a-criterion-for-healthcare-rationing-evidence-from-a-portuguese-survey
#17
Ana Pinto Borges, Micaela Pinho
BACKGROUND: We evaluated whether different personal responsibilities should influence the allocation healthcare resources and whether attitudes toward the penalization of risk behaviours vary among individual's sociodemographic characteristics and health related habits. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We developed an online survey and made it available on various social networks for six months, during 2015. The sample covered the population aged 18 yr and older living in Portugal and we got 296 valid answers...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233803/a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-young-adults-in-australian-remote-indigenous-communities-design-formative-evaluation-and-user-testing
#18
Emma Tonkin, Lauren Jeffs, Thomas Philip Wycherley, Carol Maher, Ross Smith, Jonathon Hart, Beau Cubillo, Julie Brimblecombe
BACKGROUND: The disproportionate burden of noncommunicable disease among Indigenous Australians living in remote Indigenous communities (RICs) is a complex and persistent problem. Smartphones are increasingly being used by young Indigenous adults and therefore represent a promising method to engage them in programs seeking to improve nutritional intake. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to consult RIC members to inform the content of a smartphone app that can be used to monitor and reduce sugar-sweetened beverage intake in RICs...
December 12, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233502/is-there-an-association-between-artificial-sweetener-consumption-and-in-vitro-reproduction-outcomes
#19
Amanda Souza Setti, Daniela Paes de Almeida Ferreira Braga, Gabriela Halpern, Rita de Cássia S Figueira, Assumpto Iaconelli, Edson Borges
Previous studies have suggested an association between high intake of sweetened beverages and a number of adverse health outcomes. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the association between daily consumption of sweetened soft drinks or coffee and the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. Patients (n = 524) were interviewed by a nutritionist before ICSI treatment, using a food frequency questionnaire. Regression analysis showed that consumption of ≥3 servings of regular soft drinks or any amount of diet soft drinks was associated with oocyte dysmorphism, diminished embryo quality on days 2 and 3 of culture, and a mild effect on blastocyst formation, implantation and pregnancy rate...
November 28, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233208/training-early-childcare-providers-in-evidence-based-nutrition-strategies-can-help-improve-nutrition-policies-and-practices-of-early-childcare-centres-serving-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-children-from-low-income-families
#20
T Lucas Hollar, Nicole Cook, Ruby Natale, David Quinn, Teina Phillips, Michael DeLucca
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the extent to which providing training and technical assistance to early childcare centre (ECC) directors, faculty and staff in the implementation of evidence-based nutrition strategies improved the nutrition contexts, policies and practices of ECC serving racially and ethnically diverse, low-income children in Broward County, Florida, USA. The nutrition strategies targeted snack and beverage policies and practices, consistent with Caring for Our Children National Standards...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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