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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102994/at-a-glance-emergency-department-surveillance-of-thermal-burns-and-scalds-electronic-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-prevention-program-2013
#1
J Crain, S McFaull, D P Rao, M T Do, W Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Although fatality and hospitalization rates for burns in Canada have declined over time, less serious cases still commonly present to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: The Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) is an injury and poisoning surveillance system administered by the Public Health Agency of Canada, operating in emergency departments of 17 hospitals. RESULTS: Overall, cases reported in 2013 were scalds and contact burns from hot objects...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101667/impact-of-an-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungus-versus-a-mixed-microbial-inoculum-on-the-transcriptome-reprogramming-of-grapevine-roots
#2
Raffaella Balestrini, Alessandra Salvioli, Alessandra Dal Molin, Mara Novero, Giovanni Gabelli, Eleonora Paparelli, Fabio Marroni, Paola Bonfante
Grapevine, cultivated for both fruit and beverage production, represents one of the most economically important fruit crops worldwide. With the aim of better understanding how grape roots respond to beneficial microbes, a transcriptome sequencing experiment has been performed to evaluate the impact of a single arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal species (Funneliformis mosseae) versus a mixed inoculum containing a bacterial and fungal consortium, including different AM species, on Richter 110 rootstock. Results showed that the impact of a single AM fungus and of a complex microbial inoculum on the grapevine transcriptome differed...
December 27, 2016: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099048/effects-of-enhancing-school-based-body-mass-index-screening-reports-with-parent-education-on-report-utility-and-parental-intent-to-modify-obesity-risk-factors
#3
Lisa Bailey-Davis, Karissa L Peyer, Yinan Fang, Jae-Kwang Kim, Greg J Welk
BACKGROUND: School-based body mass index screenings (SBMIS) have been controversial. We aimed to determine if parents would indicate improved utility with SBMIS when the report included parent education and whether parental intent to modify obesity risk factors would vary with report type or child weight. METHODS: A cluster-controlled trial was conducted with 31 elementary schools randomized to distribute a standard SBMIS report or the standard report plus education (SBMIS+)...
January 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099027/inactivation-of-soybean-trypsin-inhibitor-by-epigallocatechin-gallate-stopped-flow-fluorescence-thermodynamics-and-docking-studies
#4
Chun Liu, Fenfen Cheng, Xiaoquan Yang
Tea is one of the most widely daily consumed beverages all over the world, and it is usually consumed with milk and/or soy milk. However, very few researches have studied the interactions between tea polyphenols (TPs) and soy milk proteins as compared with milk proteins. Here, we reported that epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major component of TPs, can effectively inhibit the inhibitory activity of Kunitz trypsin inhibitor (KTI, a major antinutrient in soy milk). The mechanism of inactivation of KTI by EGCG was investigated by stopped-flow/fluorescence, thermodynamics, and docking studies...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098765/validation-of-an-online-food-frequency-questionnaire-against-doubly-labelled-water-and-24-h-dietary-recalls-in-pre-school-children
#5
Christine Delisle Nyström, Hanna Henriksson, Christina Alexandrou, Anna Bergström, Stephanie Bonn, Katarina Bälter, Marie Löf
The development of easy-to-use and accurate methods to assess the intake of energy, foods and nutrients in pre-school children is needed. KidMeal-Q is an online food frequency questionnaire developed for the LifeGene prospective cohort study in Sweden. The aims of this study were to compare: (i) energy intake (EI) obtained using KidMeal-Q to total energy expenditure (TEE) measured via doubly labelled water and (ii) the intake of certain foods measured using KidMeal-Q to intakes acquired by means of 24 h dietary recalls in 38 children aged 5...
January 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098424/application-of-zein-modified-magnetite-nanoparticles-in-dispersive-magnetic-micro-solid-phase-extraction-of-synthetic-food-dyes-in-foodstuffs
#6
Azam Jangju, Khalil Farhadi, Mehdi Hatami, Samireh Amani, Farzan Esmali, Aisan Moshkabadi, Fatemeh Hajilari
A simple method for the simultaneous and trace analysis of four synthetic food azo dyes including carmoisine, ponceau 4R, sunset yellow and allura red from some foodstuff samples was developed by combining dispersive μ-solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection. Zein-modified magnetic Fe3 O4 nanoparticles were prepared and used for μ-solid-phase extraction of trace amounts of mentioned food dyes. The prepared modified magnetic nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and FTIR spectroscopy...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097837/food-and-beverage-advertising-on-children-s-tv-channels-in-argentina-frequency-duration-and-nutritional-quality
#7
Alicia Rovirosa, María E Zapata, Paula Gómez, Susana Gotthelf, Daniel Ferrante
: Food and beverage marketing has been identified as one of the determinants of unhealthy food and beverage consumption in the child population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and duration of food and beverage advertising in children's programming and the nutritional quality of advertised food and beverages. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. Children's cable and broadcast channel programming was recorded in two periods: over the week and on the weekend...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095853/crispri-mediated-metabolic-engineering-of-e-coli-for-o-methylated-anthocyanin-production
#8
Brady F Cress, Quentin D Leitz, Daniel C Kim, Teresita D Amore, Jon Y Suzuki, Robert J Linhardt, Mattheos A G Koffas
BACKGROUND: Anthocyanins are a class of brightly colored, glycosylated flavonoid pigments that imbue their flower and fruit host tissues with hues of predominantly red, orange, purple, and blue. Although all anthocyanins exhibit pH-responsive photochemical changes, distinct structural decorations on the core anthocyanin skeleton also cause dramatic color shifts, in addition to improved stabilities and unique pharmacological properties. In this work, we report for the first time the extension of the reconstituted plant anthocyanin pathway from (+)-catechin to O-methylated anthocyanins in a microbial production system, an effort which requires simultaneous co-option of the endogenous metabolites UDP-glucose and S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM or AdoMet)...
January 17, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095809/taxing-sugar-sweetened-beverages-impact-on-overweight-and-obesity-in-germany
#9
Falk Schwendicke, Michael Stolpe
BACKGROUND: Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) increases the risk of overweight and obesity. Taxing SSBs could decrease daily energy consumption and body weight. This model-based study evaluated the impact of a 20% SSB-sales tax on overweight and obesity in the context of Germany. METHODS: The population aged 15-79 years was modelled. Taxation was assumed to affect energy consumption via demand elasticities, which affected weight and BMI. Model-based analysis was performed to estimate the tax impact on BMI in different age, gender and income groups...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095725/geospatial-clustering-in-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-boston-youth
#10
Kosuke Tamura, Dustin T Duncan, Jessica K Athens, Marie A Bragg, Michael Rienti, Jared Aldstadt, Marc A Scott, Brian Elbel
The objective was to detect geospatial clustering of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in Boston adolescents (age = 16.3 ± 1.3 years [range: 13-19]; female = 56.1%; White = 10.4%, Black = 42.6%, Hispanics = 32.4%, and others = 14.6%) using spatial scan statistics. We used data on self-reported SSB intake from the 2008 Boston Youth Survey Geospatial Dataset (n = 1292). Two binary variables were created: consumption of SSB (never versus any) on (1) soda and (2) other sugary drinks (e...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095310/ilex-paraguariensis-supplementation-may-be-an-effective-nutritional-approach-to-modulate-oxidative-stress-during-perimenopause
#11
Ariana Aparecida Ferreira Pereira, Keny Gonçalves Tirapeli, Antonio Hernandes Chaves Neto, Matheus da Silva Brasilino, Cláudia Quintino da Rocha, Adriane Belló-Klein, Suzana Francisca Llesuy, Rita Cássia Menegati Dornelles, Ana Cláudia de Melo Stevanato Nakamune
Perimenopause is a period in a woman's life that precedes menopause and is characterized by hormonal changes that results in increased oxidative stress. Since oxidative stress is associated with age-related diseases and perimenopausal symptoms including somato-vegetative manifestations, nutritional antioxidant supplementation may be an effective approach to minimizing this stress. Mate tea (MT) (Ilex paraguariensis), a typical and inexpensive beverage consumed in the Brazilian south-east, Argentina and Uruguay, increases antioxidant defense...
January 14, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095030/green-tea-consumption-and-the-risk-of-liver-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#12
Chen-Xu Ni, Hong Gong, Ying Liu, Yang Qi, Chun-Lei Jiang, Jun-Ping Zhang
Green tea is a commonly consumed beverage in Asia and has been suggested to have anticarcinogenic properties. To date, epidemiological evidence of the effect of green tea consumption on liver cancer risk remains ambiguous. The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the association between green tea consumption and the risk of liver cancer. The summary relative risk for the highest consumption (≥5 cups/day) of green tea on liver cancer incidence compared with nondrinkers was 0.62 (95% confidence interval: 0...
January 17, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093951/qualitative-comparison-of-polyethylene-terephthalate-flakes-from-various-collection-systems-in-germany
#13
H Snell, A Nassour, M Nelles
In 2003, a deposit system for one-way packaging was introduced in Germany. Since that time, polyethylene terephthalate beverage packaging is collected through various collection systems, a deposit system, a reusable packaging system and the 'Green Dot' (the dual system) with the yellow bag. The manner of collection had a decisive influence on the quality of the generated recycled materials. The research at hand shows for the first time how the quality of polyethylene terephthalate flakes depends on the type of collection system...
January 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092345/acute-effects-of-a-beverage-containing-bitter-melon-extract-carela-on-postprandial-glycemia-among-prediabetic-adults
#14
C H Boone, J R Stout, J A Gordon, M J Redd, D D Church, L P Oliveira, D H Fukuda, J R Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Acute ingestion of bitter melon (BM) has been shown to suppress the postprandial glycemic response in diabetics, but its impact on glucose regulation among individuals with impaired glucose tolerance is unclear. Moreover, one's glucose tolerance level may influence the effectiveness of BM. This study aimed to examine the acute effects of a beverage containing BM extract on blood glucose regulation during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) among prediabetics. METHODS: Ten prediabetic adults completed two OGTTs-glucose only (D2) and glucose+BM (D3)...
January 16, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092149/issues-in-nutrition-nutritional-assessment-of-adults
#15
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
The assessment of nutritional status in adults should begin with a complete history, including intake of fruits and vegetables, sources of fat, and added sugar (eg, sugar-sweetened beverages). The history should include social factors that may impede a patient's ability to obtain food, as well as any factors that might interfere with preparing, chewing, and digesting food and absorbing nutrients. The physical examination should include measurement of height and weight and calculation of body mass index. It also may include measurements of waist circumference and waist to hip ratio, and an evaluation of strength...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091970/comparison-of-two-adsorbent-based-de-bittering-procedures-for-neem-azadirachta-indica-a-juss-tea-effect-on-polyphenols-anti-oxidant-capacity-color-and-volatile-profile
#16
Abhinandya Datta, Ingolf U Grün, Misha T Kwasniewski, Lakdas N Fernando
Bitterness reduction, especially of foods and beverages containing phytonutrients, is one of the biggest challenges in the food industry because bitterness has a deleterious effect on the taste profile of foods and beverages. Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) is a medicinal tree, indigenous to the Indian-subcontinent, whose medicinal properties have led to it being heralded as the tree which is the "panacea for all diseases". However, neem leaf is extremely bitter, in large part due to its limonoid content, making it unpalatable...
January 14, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091279/aflatoxin-m1-in-human-breast-milk-in-shahrekord-iran-and-association-with-dietary-factors
#17
Tina Jafari, Aziz A Fallah, Soleiman Kheiri, Abdolmajid Fadaei, Sayed Asadollah Amini
This survey was conducted to determine the occurrence and levels of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in 250 breast milk samples of lactating mothers, obtained from urban and rural regions of Shahrekord, Iran. Moreover, the association between AFM1 occurrence levels and dietary factors were assessed. AFM1 analysis was carried out using the competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique for screening and high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) for confirmatory purposes...
January 16, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090344/tasting-profile-affects-adoption-of-caloric-beverage-reduction-in-a-randomized-weight-loss-intervention
#18
G Turner-McGrievy, X Wang, B Popkin, D F Tate
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine differences in rates of non-caloric beverage adoption by participants classified as sweet likers (SLs) or sweet dislikers (measured using a behavioural tasting task). METHODS: Data are a sub-study from a 6-month, three-group, randomized weight loss trial (CHOICE) (body mass index 36.3 ± 5.8 kg m(-2), 84% female, aged 42.2 ± 10.9 years, 53% African-American) comparing the replacement of caloric beverages with either non-caloric sweetened beverages (diet) or water (water) compared with a control group...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089924/water-juice-or-soda-mothers-and-grandmothers-of-preschoolers-discuss-the-acceptability-and-accessibility-of-beverages
#19
Karin Eli, Agneta Hörnell, Mahnoush Etminan Malek, Paulina Nowicka
Intake of sugary beverages is strongly associated with weight gain and obesity among children; however, differences between mothers' and grandmothers' attitudes and practices concerning young children's beverage consumption remain unclear. This is notable since about a quarter of families in the US and the UK rely on grandparents as the main providers of informal childcare. The aim of this study is to examine mothers' and maternal grandmothers' attitudes, knowledge, and practices regarding preschool-age children's beverage consumption...
January 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089706/a-sipometer-for-measuring-motivation-to-consume-and-reward-value-of-foods-and-beverages-in-humans-description-and-proof-of-principle
#20
P S Hogenkamp, A Shechter, M-P St-Onge, A Sclafani, H R Kissileff
New methods, derived from animal work, for measuring food reward value, i.e. reinforcing value of food, and motivation (i.e. strength of desire) to consume, in humans are described and validated. A sipping device (sipometer) was developed that permits access to a liquid food or beverage on two reward schedules: continuous reinforcement (CR) and progressively increasing time spent exerting pressure on a straw (PR-schedule). In addition, a pictorial scale showing a cup, from which the 'amount wanted' could be marked was used to pre-test potential consumption...
January 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
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