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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651404/-correlation-between-insufficient-methadone-dosage-and-morphine-positive-urine-on-drop-out-of-treatment-in-patients-with-access-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#1
T Yao, D Feng, M H Pan, Y P Cheng, C X Li, J Wang, Y L Feng, J Shi, T Su, Q Chen, S Shi, S P Wang
Objective: To estimate the incidence of drop out of treatment in patients with access to methadone maintenance treatment and explore the correlation and interaction between insufficient methadone dosage and morphine positive urine on the drop out in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Methods: Face to face interview was conducted in 1 031 patients at 3 methadone maintenance treatment clinics in Guangxi. Results: The study included 1 031 participants, 40.6% of them (419/1 031) had stopped treatment. The drop out rates in urine morphine positive group and methadone dosage<100 mg/d group were 57...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651401/-investigation-of-group-sex-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-taizhou-zhejiang-province-2013-2015
#2
H J Lin, Y C Zhang, W W Shen, Q H Wu, Y Y Xu, D H Qiu, Y Y Ding, N He
Objective: To understand the prevalence of group sex in men who have sex with men (MSM) and related factors in Taizhou, Zhejiang province. Methods: From March 2013 to September 2015, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among MSM recruited from gay bars or bath houses in Taizhou by using questionnaire to collect the information about their sexual behavior and HIV test. Results: A total of 1 435 MSM were recruited, 179 of them (12.5%) were HIV infected, 231 (16.1%) reported group sex during the past year. Compared with MSM without group sex, more MSM with group sex had more than ten male sexual partners (53...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651397/-study-on-relationship-between-mother-s-animal-sourced-food-intake-during-pregnancy-and-neonate-birth-weight
#3
H Yan, S N Dang, B B Mi, P F Qu, L Zhang, H L Wang, Y X Bi, L X Zeng, Q Li, H Yan
Objective: To explore the effect of maternal animal sourced food intake during pregnancy on neonate birth weight and provide scientific basis for guiding the reasonable diet intake in pregnant women and increasing neonate birth weight. Methods: Data were derived from a cross-sectional project of"the prevalence and risk factors of birth defects in Shaanxi province" , which were conducted in 30 counties in Shaanxi province from July to November in 2013. A stratified multistage random sampling method was used to select women who were pregnant between January 2010 and December 2013 for a random semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire survey to collect the data on the frequency and amount of food consumption on animal protein sources and the data of newborns...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651394/-relationship-between-sleep-status-and-the-risk-of-diabetes-in-adults
#4
J Su, R Tao, J Y Zhou, J Yang, Y Qin, Y H Hu, Y Lu, J R Jin, Z Bian, Y Guo, Z M Chen, L M Li, M Wu
Objective: To explore the relationship between sleep status and the risk of diabetes in adults. Methods: The baseline data of 53 260 subjects who were aged 30-79 years and had been enrolled into China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) study from Suzhou, Jiangsu province were analyzed. Multiple logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between sleep status and diabetes after adjusting for potential confounders. Results: Among 53 260 subjects, 5.3% had diabetes. The proportions of difficultly falling asleep, early morning arousal and snoring frequently was 7...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651371/sleep-and-physiological-dysregulation-a-closer-look-at-sleep-intraindividual-variability
#5
Bei Bei, Teresa E Seeman, Judith E Carroll, Joshua F Wiley
Study Objectives: Variable daily sleep (i.e., higher intraindividual variability; IIV) is associated with negative health consequences, but potential physiological mechanisms are poorly understood. This study examined the associations between sleep timing, duration, and quality IIV and physiological dysregulation, with diurnal cortisol trajectories as a proximal outcome, and allostatic load (AL) as a multi-system distal outcome. Methods: Participants are 436 adults (Mage±SD=54...
June 23, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651370/changes-in-visceral-adiposity-subcutaneous-adiposity-and-sex-hormones-in-the-diabetes-prevention-program
#6
Catherine Kim, Dana Dabelea, Rita R Kalyani, Costas A Christophi, George A Bray, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Christine H Darwin, Swaytha Yalamanchi, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Sherita Hill Golden, Edward J Boyko
Context: The degree to which changes in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) relate to corresponding changes in plasma sex steroids is not known. Objective: We examined whether changes in VAT and SAT areas assessed by computed tomography were associated with changes in sex hormones (dehydroepiandrosterone [DHEAS], testosterone, estradiol, estrone, and sex hormone binding globulin [SHBG]) among Diabetes Prevention Program participants...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651366/combining-fixed-effects-and-instrumental-variable-approaches-for-estimating-the-effect-of-psychosocial-job-quality-on-mental-health-evidence-from-13-waves-of-a-nationally-representative-cohort-study
#7
Allison Milner, Zoe Aitken, Anne Kavanagh, Anthony D LaMontagne, Frank Pega, Dennis Petrie
Background: Previous studies suggest that poor psychosocial job quality is a risk factor for mental health problems, but they use conventional regression analytic methods that cannot rule out reverse causation, unmeasured time-invariant confounding and reporting bias. Methods: This study combines two quasi-experimental approaches to improve causal inference by better accounting for these biases: (i) linear fixed effects regression analysis and (ii) linear instrumental variable analysis...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651348/an-e-e-ratio-on-echocardiography-predicts-the-existence-of-left-atrial-low-voltage-areas-and-poor-outcomes-after-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#8
Masaharu Masuda, Masashi Fujita, Osamu Iida, Shin Okamoto, Takayuki Ishihara, Kiyonori Nanto, Takashi Kanda, Akihiro Sunaga, Takuya Tsujimura, Yasuhiro Matsuda, Takuya Ohashi, Masaaki Uematsu
Aims: An elevated left atrial pressure has been reported to play an important role in the development of atrial remodelling in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. The study aimed at elucidating the association between the diastolic early transmitral flow velocity/mitral annular velocity (E/e', a non-invasive surrogate of left atrial pressure) and left atrial low-voltage-area existence, and the prognostic impact of the E/e' on procedural outcomes in patients undergoing AF ablation. Methods and results: Total of 215 consecutive patients were divided into 3 groups based on the estimated left atrial pressure: normal (E/e' < 8...
June 22, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651346/effect-of-apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B5-genotype-on-lipoprotein-a-and-the-associated-risk-of-myocardial-infarction-and-aortic-valve-stenosis
#9
Leonard Kritharides, Børge G Nordestgaard, Anne Tybjærg-Hansen, Pia R Kamstrup, Shoaib Afzal
Context: Lipoprotein(a) is a genetic risk factor for myocardial infarction and aortic valve stenosis. APOE ε2/3/4 genotypes affect plasma lipoprotein(a); however, the effects of APOE genotypes on the prediction of myocardial infarction and aortic valve stenosis by lipoprotein(a) are unknown. Objective: We tested the hypothesis that APOE ε2/3/4 genotype affects plasma lipoprotein(a), the contribution of plasma apoE levels this effect, and the associated risk of myocardial infarction and aortic valve stenosis...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651343/does-a-first-degree-family-history-of-diabetes-impact-placental-maternal-and-fetal-vascular-circulation-and-inflammatory-response
#10
Marina Shargorodsky, Michal Kovo, Letizia Schraiber, Jacob Bar
Context: Heritability of diabetes is associated with hyperinsulinemia, impaired endothelial function, and inflammatory up-regulation. However, no studies have examined whether a family history of diabetes effects placental vascular circulation. Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the impact of a first-degree family history of type 2 diabetes (FHD) on placental vascular circulation and inflammatory lesions. Design: Observational cohort study...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651316/a-permeation-controlled-formaldehyde-reference-source-for-application-in-environmental-test-chambers
#11
Tunga Salthammer, Ruth Giesen, Tobias Schripp
In a wide range of indoor air pollutants, formaldehyde is one of the most-used and best-known substances. In order to protect human health, many countries have established threshold values for the release of formaldehyde from miscellaneous products and revise them constantly. Compliance with these regulations is usually assessed by emission test chamber measurements or derived methods. To control and improve the mechanisms of an emission test chamber, a reliable reference source with sample mimicking emission properties is required but not available so far...
June 15, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651302/useful-endoscopic-ultrasonography-parameters-and-a-predictive-model-for-the-recurrence-of-esophageal-varices-and-bleeding-after-variceal-ligation
#12
Soung Won Jeong, Hye Soo Kim, Sang Gyune Kim, Jeong-Ju Yoo, Jae Young Jang, Sae Hwan Lee, Hong Soo Kim, Ji Sung Lee, Young Seok Kim, Boo Sung Kim
Background/Aims: To identify the usefulness of endoscopic ultrasonography with a mini-probe (EUM) and to create a predictive model for esophageal variceal (EV) recurrence and bleeding following esophageal variceal ligation (EVL). Methods: A total of 144 patients who received EUM prior to prophylactic EVL and met the inclusion criteria were enrolled. EUM findings, EV diameter, paraesophageal vein diameter, and the number of perforating veins were assessed. Results: EV recurrence was observed in 42 patients (29...
June 27, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651255/visual-cues-contribute-differentially-to-audiovisual-perception-of-consonants-and-vowels-in-improving-recognition-and-reducing-cognitive-demands-in-listeners-with-hearing-impairment-using-hearing-aids
#13
Shahram Moradi, Björn Lidestam, Henrik Danielsson, Elaine Hoi Ning Ng, Jerker Rönnberg
Purpose: We sought to examine the contribution of visual cues in audiovisual identification of consonants and vowels-in terms of isolation points (the shortest time required for correct identification of a speech stimulus), accuracy, and cognitive demands-in listeners with hearing impairment using hearing aids. Method: The study comprised 199 participants with hearing impairment (mean age = 61.1 years) with bilateral, symmetrical, mild-to-severe sensorineural hearing loss...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651215/anticipatory-postural-adjustment-patterns-during-gait-initiation-across-the-adult-lifespan
#14
Chiahao Lu, Sommer L Amundsen Huffmaster, Jack C Harvey, Colum D MacKinnon
Gait initiation involves a complex sequence of anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) during the transition from steady state standing to forward locomotion. APAs have four core components that function to accelerate the center of mass forwards and towards the initial single-support stance limb. These components include loading of the initial step leg, unloading of the initial stance leg, and excursion of the center of pressure in the posterior and lateral (towards the stepping leg) directions. This study examined the incidence, magnitude, and timing of these components and how they change across the lifespan (ages 20-79)...
June 16, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651200/nanostructured-micro-raspberries-from-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-studying-agglomeration-degree-and-redispersibility-of-nanoparticulate-powders-via-magnetisation-measurements
#15
Claudia Stauch, Stephan Späth, Thomas Ballweg, Robert Luxenhofer, Karl Mandel
Surface modified superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles are assembled into nanostructured micro-raspberry particles via spray drying. The micro-raspberry powder is readily redispersed to individual nanoparticles or nanostructured sub-units, depending on the initially adjusted nanoparticle modification. In this work, it is demonstrated how the technique of magnetic zero-field-cooled/field-cooled (ZFC/FC) measurements can be used to judge the degree of agglomeration, i.e. the extent of hard-agglomerates and soft-agglomerates in a system and predict the redispersibility of the powder particles...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651187/association-of-ectopic-fat-with-abdominal-aorto-illiac-and-coronary-artery-calcification-in-african-ancestry-men
#16
Allison L Kuipers, Joseph M Zmuda, J Jeffrey Carr, James G Terry, Sangeeta Nair, Ryan Cvejkus, Clareann H Bunker, Alan L Patrick, Christina L Wassel, Iva Miljkovic
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is strong evidence that fat accumulating in non-adipose sites, "ectopic fat", is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), including vascular calcification. Most previous studies of this association have assessed only a single ectopic fat depot. Therefore, our aim was to assess the association of total, regional, and ectopic fat with abdominal aorto-illiac calcification (AAC) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) in 798 African ancestry men. METHODS: Participants (mean age 62) were from the Tobago Bone Health Study cohort...
June 16, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651179/sedentary-work-and-the-risks-of-colon-and-rectal-cancer-by-anatomical-sub-site-in-the-canadian-census-health-and-environment-cohort-canchec
#17
Manisha Pahwa, M Anne Harris, Jill MacLeod, Michael Tjepkema, Paul A Peters, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is a potential risk factor for colorectal cancer. We examined the association between sedentary work, based on body position, and colorectal cancer risk in Canadians. METHODS: A working body position category (a. sitting; b. standing and walking; c. sitting, standing, and walking; d. other) was assigned to occupations reported by 1991 Canadian Census respondents based on national occupational counselling guidelines. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated for cancers of the colon (overall, proximal, and distal) and rectum in men and women newly diagnosed from 1992 to 2010...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651178/the-influence-of-impact-direction-and-axial-loading-on-the-bone-fracture-pattern
#18
Haim Cohen, Chen Kugel, Hila May, Bahaa Medlej, Dan Stein, Viviane Slon, Tamar Brosh, Israel Hershkovitz
The effect of the direction of the impact and the presence of axial loading on fracture patterns have not yet been established in experimental 3-point bending studies. PURPOSE: To reveal the association between the direction of the force and the fracture pattern, with and without axial loading. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A Dynatup Model POE 2000 (Instron Co.) low energy pendulum impact machine was utilized to apply impact loading on fresh pig femoral bones (n=50). The bone clamp shaft was adjusted to position the bone for three-point bending with and without additional bone compression...
May 22, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651174/label-free-chronopotentiometric-glycoprofiling-of-prostate-specific-antigen-using-sialic-acid-recognizing-lectins
#19
Stefan Belicky, Hana Černocká, Tomas Bertok, Alena Holazova, Kamila Réblová, Emil Paleček, Jan Tkac, Veronika Ostatná
In recent decades, it has become clear that most of human proteins are glycosylated and that protein glycosylation plays an important role in health and diseases. At present, simple, fast and inexpensive methods are sought for clinical applications and particularly for improved diagnostics of various diseases, including cancer. We propose a label- and reagent-free electrochemical method based on chronopotentiometric stripping (CPS) analysis and a hanging mercury drop electrode for the detection of interaction of sialylated protein biomarker a prostate specific antigen (PSA) with two important lectins: Sambucus nigra agglutinin (SNA) and Maackia amurensis agglutinin (MAA)...
June 19, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651158/prospective-validation-of-a-lymphocyte-infiltration-prognostic-test-in-stage-iii-colon-cancer-patients-treated-with-adjuvant-folfox
#20
Jean-François Emile, Catherine Julié, Karine Le Malicot, Come Lepage, Josep Tabernero, Enrico Mini, Gunnar Folprecht, Jean-Luc Van Laethem, Stéphanie Dimet, Camille Boulagnon-Rombi, Marc-Antoine Allard, Frédérique Penault-Llorca, Jaafar Bennouna, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Julien Taieb
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of lymphocyte infiltration (LI) of colorectal carcinoma (CC) has been demonstrated by several groups. However, no validated test is currently available for clinical practice. We previously described an automated and reproducible method for testing LI and aimed to validate it for clinical use. PATIENTS AND METHODS: According to National Institutes of Health criteria, we designed a prospective validation of this biomarker in patients included in the PETACC8 phase III study...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
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