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Agnieszka Ardeńska, Rajmund Tomik, Serkan Berber, Burak Düz, Barış Çivak, Uğur Çalişkan, Joanna Ogrodnik
Motivation is an important phenomenon in the realm of education, particularly in the university fields connected with physical education and sport, where it is necessary to accommodate and balance intellectual abilities and physical fitness. The present study tested motivation levels among university students in the fields connected with physical education and sport in Poland and Turkey. It was based on the Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985), namely intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation which impact human behaviour...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
Edwina A Brown, Hilary L Bekker, Sara N Davison, Jonathan Koffman, Jane O Schell
Historic migration and the ever-increasing current migration into Western countries have greatly changed the ethnic and cultural patterns of patient populations. Because health care beliefs of minority groups may follow their religion and country of origin, inevitable conflict can arise with decision making at the end of life. The principles of truth telling and patient autonomy are embedded in the framework of Anglo-American medical ethics. In contrast, in many parts of the world, the cultural norm is protection of the patient from the truth, decision making by the family, and a tradition of familial piety, where it is dishonorable not to do as much as possible for parents...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Anat Shashua, Yaron Geva, Igal Levran
STUDY DESIGN: The present study's design was translation and crosscultural validation of the Neck Disability Index (NDI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to translate and culturally adapt the NDI into Hebrew language and to evaluate the psychometric properties of this version. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: As yet, no Hebrew language neck pain and disability questionnaires exist. The NDI is widely used and validated among different patient populations with neck pain...
June 2016: Spine
Shamini Jain, Jennifer Daubenmier, David Muehsam, Lopsang Rapgay, Deepak Chopra
The word biofield is a term that Western scientists have used to describe various aspects of energy and information fields that guide health processes. Similar concepts and descriptions of energy and information patterns exist in various cultures and have guided whole systems of medicine such as Ayurveda and Tibetan medicine. This article describes Vedic, Jain, and Tibetan philosophical and medical systems' concepts of consciousness and subtle energy and their relationships to health processes in order to foster deeper crosscultural dialogue on the nature of the biofield...
November 2015: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
Alessandra Petrelli, Ellen J Wehrens, Rianne C Scholman, Berent J Prakken, Sebastian J Vastert, Femke van Wijk
OBJECTIVE: Resistance of Teff cells to Treg cell-mediated suppression contributes to the breakdown of peripheral tolerance in the inflamed joints of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). However, unanswered questions are whether this resistant phenotype is self-sustained and whether CD8+ and CD4+ Teff cells share the same mechanism of resistance to suppression. We undertook this study to investigate intrinsic resistance of CD8+ Teff cells to suppression and to determine how this can be targeted therapeutically...
January 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Miguel Angel Ruiz-Ibán, Roberto Seijas, Andrea Sallent, Oscar Ares, Oliver Marín-Peña, Alfonso Muriel, Ricardo Cuéllar
BACKGROUND: The international Hip Outcome Tool-33 (iHOT-33) is a 33-item self administered outcome measure based on a Visual Analogue Scale response format designed for young and active population with hip pathology. The aim of the present study is to translate and validate the iHOT-33 into Spanish. METHODS: 97 patients undergoing hip arthroscopy were included in this prospective and multicenter study performed between January 2012 and May 2014. Crosscultural adaptation was used to translate iHOT-33 into Spanish...
2015: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Caroline E Ofovwe, Gabriel E Ofovwe, Anneke Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of ADHD among school-aged children in Benin City, Nigeria. METHOD: A total of one thousand, three hundred and eighty four (1384) primary school pupils, aged between six and 13 years, were recruited from six primary schools. Teacher's ratings of the 18 DSM-IV symptoms of ADHD were collected and analysed as a function of gender and subtype. RESULTS: The results support a documented trend in ADHD reports: males had a higher prevalence rate...
June 2006: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Jennifer C Sarrett
Explanatory models (EMs) are the way people explain the presence and meaning of an illness or disability and are reliant on and reflective of culturally specific values of normalcy, disability, health, and illness. EMs about autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are particularly revealing because there is no known cause, and so people can explain this disability in ways more appropriate for and useful to them. This article presents caretaker EMs about children with autistic characteristics in Kerala, India. I argue that the reliance on biological, but not genetic, causal models is reflective of the state's high access to biomedical heath care...
March 2015: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Thomais Goula, Athanasios Ververidis, Grigorios Tripsianis, Konstantinos Tilkeridis, Georgios I Drosos
The English version of Hand20 questionnaire was translated into Greek and cultural adaptation was performed. The validity was assessed in 134 patients with a variety of upper limb disorders. A comparison of Hand20 and DASH was also performed. All patients completed EQ-5D, Hand20 and DASH questionnaire. Test-retest reliability was assessed in a subgroup of 37 patients. We assessed the convergent validity of Hand20 by correlating its scores to DASH and EQ-5D scores. We also compared the completeness of Hand20 and DASH...
2015: Hand Surgery
Sandra Díaz, Sebsebe Demissew, Carlos Joly, W Mark Lonsdale, Anne Larigauderie
After a long incubation period, the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is now underway. Underpinning all its activities is the IPBES Conceptual Framework (CF), a simplified model of the interactions between nature and people. Drawing on the legacy of previous large-scale environmental assessments, the CF goes further in explicitly embracing different disciplines and knowledge systems (including indigenous and local knowledge) in the co-construction of assessments of the state of the world's biodiversity and the benefits it provides to humans...
January 2015: PLoS Biology
Donia R Baldacchino, Lilian Bonello, Clifford J Debattista
Part I presented the research methodology and the quantitative findings of this descriptive sequential explanatory study. Part 2 will discuss the qualitative findings that explain the impact of the use of spiritual coping strategies on institutionalised older persons. Participants were recruited from six institutions in Malta and Australia: four private homes (two in Australia, n=30; two in Malta, n=43) and two state residences in Malta (n=64). The residents (n=137; 103 women, 34 men), aged 72.8 years (mean) were all Roman Catholics, mobile and with a minimal residence of 6 months...
August 12, 2014: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
W F Peter, M Loos, H C W de Vet, M Boers, J Harlaar, L D Roorda, R W Poolman, V A B Scholtes, J Boogaard, H Buitelaar, M Steultjens, E M Roos, F Guillemin, A C Rat, M G Benedetti, A Escobar, N Østerås, C B Terwee
OBJECTIVE: To develop an Animated Activity Questionnaire (AAQ) based on video animations for assessing activity limitations in patients with hip/knee osteoarthritis (OA) that combines the advantages of self-reported questionnaires and performance-based tests without many of their limitations and to preliminarily assess its reliability and validity. We hypothesized that the AAQ would correlate highly with performance-based tests and moderately with self-reported questionnaires. METHODS: Item selection was based on the pilot AAQ, prespecified conditions, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health core set for OA, existing measurement instruments, and focus groups of patients...
January 2015: Arthritis Care & Research
Michael J Duncan, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa, Yahya Al-Nakeeb, Hana I Al-Sobayel, Nada A Abahussain, Abdulrahman O Musaiger, Mark Lyons, Peter Collins, Alan Nevill
OBJECTIVES: To compare the anthropometric and lifestyle characteristics of active and inactive adolescents in Saudi Arabia and Britain. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted at four cities in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh and Al-Khobar; N = 1,648) and Britain (Birmingham and Coventry; N = 1,158). The participants (14- to 18-year-olds) were randomly selected using a multistage stratified cluster sampling. Measurements included anthropometric [BMI, Waist circumference (WC), Waist to height ratio], screen time, validated physical activity questionnaire and dietary habits...
September 2014: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Roberto Seijas, Andrea Sallent, Miguel Angel Ruiz-Ibán, Oscar Ares, Oliver Marín-Peña, Ricardo Cuéllar, Alfonso Muriel
BACKGROUND: The Hip Outcome Score (HOS) is a self-reported questionnaire evaluating the outcomes of treatment interventions for hip pathologies, divided in 19 items of activities of daily life (ADL) and 9 sports' items. The aim of the present study is to translate and validate HOS into Spanish. METHODS: A prospective and multicenter study with 100 patients undergoing hip arthroscopy was performed between June 2012 and January 2013. Crosscultural adaptation was used to translate HOS into Spanish...
2014: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Martijn A H Oude Voshaar, Peter M Ten Klooster, Erik Taal, Frederick Wolfe, Harald Vonkeman, Cees A W Glas, Mart A F J Van De Laar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of a crosswalk, developed in The Netherlands, between the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) disability index (DI) and the Short Form 36 physical functioning scale (PF-10) in a sample of patients with various rheumatic diseases in the US. METHODS: Baseline data from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA; n = 29,020), fibromyalgia (FM; n = 3,776), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE; n = 1,609) participating in the National Data Bank for Rheumatic Diseases were analyzed...
November 2014: Arthritis Care & Research
G M Typaldou, G Konstantakopoulos, I Roxanis, A Nidos, N Vaidakis, G N Papadimitriou, A Wells
The Metacognitions Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30), developed by Wells and Cartwright-Hatton (2004), represents a multidimensional measure of metacognitive factors considered to be important in the metacognitive model of psychological disorders. The primary aim of the present study was to examine internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity and the factor structure of the Greek version of the MCQ-30. Moreover, we investigated the associations of the extracted factors with trait anxiety in a Greek sample...
January 2014: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Jason Naziri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Bridgette M Brawner, Anne M Teitelman, Amanda W Bevilacqua, Loretta Sweet Jemmott
BACKGROUND: Women and adolescent girls bear a significant burden of the global HIV pandemic. Both behavioral and biomedical prevention approaches have been shown to be effective. In order to foster the most effective combination HIV-prevention approaches for women and girls, it is imperative to understand the unique biological, social, and structural considerations that increase vulnerability to acquiring HIV within this population. PRIMARY STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to propose novel ideas for personalized biobehavioral HIV prevention for women and adolescent girls...
September 2013: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
K Altergott
The purpose of this article is to examine the incidence of suicide among older people from a crosscultural perspective. A review of the theories and the evidence relied on in studies of the relationship between age and suicide introduces a comparative study of suicide in old age. Age and gender aggregates in eleven countries are examined. Societal conditions, such as educational participation, pension expenditures, marital disruption among the aged, and qualities of daily life, like solitude and work absorption, are associated with late life suicide rates...
December 1988: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
J Knodel
The focus group approach for collecting qualitative data can be usefully applied in social gerontological studies, both in a single setting and cross-culturally. The experiences of the research terms participating in the Comparative Study of Asian Elderly in employing focus groups are described, and their advantages and disadvantages as a general method for gathering basic qualitative data are discussed. While the method has promise, it also should be recognized that conducting focus group research within the context of a comparative study compounds the considerable time, effort, and funds that focus group research for basic social science already requires...
April 1995: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
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